CN105761350B - A kind of coin classifier - Google Patents

A kind of coin classifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105761350B
CN105761350B CN201610094071.1A CN201610094071A CN105761350B CN 105761350 B CN105761350 B CN 105761350B CN 201610094071 A CN201610094071 A CN 201610094071A CN 105761350 B CN105761350 B CN 105761350B
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China
Prior art keywords
coin
negative pressure
bank note
roller
bolter
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CN201610094071.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105761350A (en
Inventor
张伟
贾军军
安怀志
於明清
阮梦婷
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Hubei University of Automotive Technology
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Hubei University of Automotive Technology
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Priority to CN201610094071.1A priority Critical patent/CN105761350B/en
Publication of CN105761350A publication Critical patent/CN105761350A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D3/00Sorting a mixed bulk of coins into denominations
    • G07D3/12Sorting coins by means of stepped deflectors
    • G07D3/128Rotary devices

Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of coin classifier, including casing, and casing internal is equipped with coin sorting mechanism;Coin sorting mechanism is made of mechanism for collecting paper money and coin collection mechanism;Mechanism for collecting paper money includes folding the wire netting of bank note for the negative pressure fan, the negative pressure band for transporting bank note, the first roller for driving the up and down motion of negative pressure band and the second roller, the bank note brush for open and flat bank note, the first disk roller for rolling bank note and the second disk roller that provide negative pressure and the 3rd disk roller, for separation, is brushed for separating separating for folding bank note, vortex cylinder and paper money storage box for open and flat folding bank note;Coin collection mechanism includes being used for eccentric wheel, the first coin bolter, the second coin bolter, the first coin containing box, the second coin containing box, the 3rd coin containing box for providing power.The machine construction is simple, easily manufactured, substantially increases the efficiency of coin taxonomic revision, has saved manpower, reduces cost, is conducive to promote the use of.

Description

A kind of coin classifier
Technical field
The present invention relates to coin sorting device field, more particularly to a kind of coin classifier used for buses.
Background technology
Classification of the city bus company for coin, check, arrange larger demand.At present on bus in coin-freed mechanism Coin classification depend on and be accomplished manually, cause coin to arrange of high cost and inefficiency, it is difficult to meet city bus city The fast-developing demand in field.
The content of the invention
To overcome above-mentioned technological deficiency, improve coin taxonomic revision efficiency, reduce cost, the present invention proposes a kind of bus With coin classifier.
For this reason, the technical scheme is that:A kind of coin classifier, including casing, casing upper end are put into equipped with coin Mouthful, casing internal is equipped with coin sorting mechanism, and coin sorting mechanism is correspondingly arranged at the lower section that coin is put into mouth, it is characterised in that:
The coin sorting mechanism is made of mechanism for collecting paper money and coin collection mechanism;
Mechanism for collecting paper money includes being used for providing the negative pressure fan of negative pressure, the negative pressure band for transporting bank note, for driving The first roller and the second roller, the bank note brush for open and flat bank note, the first roller for rolling bank note that negative pressure band moves up and down Wheel and the second disk roller and the 3rd disk roller, the wire netting for folding for separating bank note, the separation brush for folding for separating bank note, be used for The open and flat vortex cylinder and paper money storage box for folding bank note;The negative pressure fan is fixed on chassis sidewall, and the negative pressure band passes through The front of negative pressure fan is correspondingly arranged at after one roller and the second roller supporting, first roller is presented lower vertical with the second roller By driving negative pressure band to move up and down after driving motor driving, the bank note brush is corresponded to and set for arrangement, the first roller and the second roller In front of the lower part of negative pressure band, and the brush finish of bank note brush is contacted with negative pressure band, and first disk roller is vertical up and down with the second disk roller The lower section of negative pressure band is arranged in, the 3rd disk roller passes through rotation with the first disk roller and the tangent setting of the second disk roller, the 3rd disk roller respectively Pair be connected with a sliding block, sliding block is connected by prismatic pair with casing, and sliding block is equipped with spring, make the 3rd disk roller all the time with the first roller Wheel and the second disk roller are in close contact;The wire netting is correspondingly arranged at upper end of the negative pressure with the bank note brush in front of lower part, the separation Brush is correspondingly arranged at the top of wire netting, and separation brush lower end is equipped with horizontal conveying belt, and horizontal conveying belt drives separation brush along wire netting Upper surface is moved, and the vortex cylinder is correspondingly arranged at horizontal conveying belt one end;The paper money storage box be correspondingly arranged at the second disk roller with The lower section of 3rd disk roller;
Coin collection mechanism includes being used for providing the eccentric wheel of power, the first coin bolter, the second coin bolter, the One coin containing box, the second coin containing box, the 3rd coin containing box;The eccentric wheel is fixed in casing by rack, partially For heart wheel by driving motor to be driven, the first coin bolter is correspondingly arranged at the front end of above-mentioned wire netting, the first coin Bolter is equipped with by the secondary connection of one of turnover of toggle and eccentric wheel on the surface of the first coin bolter Diameter is more than 5 jiaos and is correspondingly arranged at the lower section of the first coin bolter less than the hole of 1 yuan of coin, the second coin bolter, The secondary connection of another of second coin bolter and eccentric wheel turnover, is equipped with diameter on the surface of the second coin bolter and is more than 1 Angle and less than the hole of 5 jiaos of coins;The first coin containing box is correspondingly arranged at the front lower place of the first coin bolter, and described second Coin containing box is correspondingly arranged at the front lower place of the second coin bolter, and the 3rd coin containing box is correspondingly arranged at the second coin point From the underface of sieve.
It is for a kind of improve of above-mentioned technical proposal:The eddy airstream in negative pressure and vortex cylinder on the negative pressure band There is provided by negative pressure fan, the rear end of wherein negative pressure fan is divided into two parts:A part directly communicated with air, another part by Passage is connected with vortex cylinder, passes through regulating the qi flowing in the channels valve regulation between two parts.
It is for another improve of above-mentioned technical proposal:Two secondary circles with eccentric wheel of turnover on the eccentric wheel The heart is located along the same line and is distributed in the both sides in the center of circle, when moving downward the first coin bolter the second coin bolter to Upper movement, so as to offset the vibration that two bolters produce significantly, reduces the vibration of machine entirety.
Operation principle:
Mixing coin is put into mouth by coin to be put into coin sorting mechanism, the effect due to being subject to negative pressure fan makes paper Coin is adsorbed on negative pressure band, and the more smooth bank note of which part is made by rolling for first, second, third disk roller again by bank note brush Its is smooth;Then can not be by bank note brush for folding the high bank note of degree, it can drop on wire netting(Due to being subject to negative pressure Effect is without dropping on coin bolter), then brushed in vortex cylinder by the separation brush of horizontal movement, by vortex cylinder Eddy airstream is unfolded the bank note of folding, and negative pressure cavity is reentered finally by vortex outlet, and paper is delivered to by negative pressure band The coin side of painting, so circulation, until bank note fully unfold and by bank note brush and disk roller untill.Since coin quality is big, under It is subject to air drag smaller during falling, therefore it directly drops on the first coin bolter, due to the first coin bolter Surface be provided with diameter more than 5 jiaos and less than the hole of 1 yuan of coin, therefore 1 yuan of coin is left in the upper of the first coin bolter, As the vibration motion of the first coin bolter is to its front end, finally fall into the first coin containing box of lower section;Similarly, pass through Second coin bolter isolates the coin of 5 jiaos and 1 jiao.
Beneficial effect:
The present invention sets negative pressure fan and negative pressure band by being put into mouth in coin, makes to enter the mixing in coin sorting mechanism Coin is directly separated out currency and coins, and the bank note isolated flows into paper after carrying out smooth processing by three groups of disk rollers and vortex cylinder Coin containing box is collected, and the coin that the coin isolated isolates 1 yuan, 5 jiaos and 1 jiao by two coin bolters is received respectively Collection.The machine construction is simple, easily manufactured, substantially increases the efficiency of coin taxonomic revision, has saved manpower, reduced into This, is conducive to promote the use of.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the right view of the present invention;
Figure label is:1st, casing;2nd, coin is put into mouth;3rd, negative pressure fan;4th, negative pressure band;5th, the first roller;6th, second Roller;7th, bank note brush;8th, the first disk roller;9th, the second disk roller;10th, the 3rd disk roller;11st, spring;12nd, wire netting;13rd, separation brush; 14th, conveyer belt;15th, vortex cylinder;16th, paper money storage box;17th, eccentric wheel;18th, the first coin bolter;19th, the second coin separates Sieve;20th, toggle;21st, the first coin containing box;22nd, the second coin containing box;23rd, the 3rd coin containing box;24、 Air-regulating valves.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, the invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of coin classifier, including casing 1, mouth 2 is put into the upper end of casing 1 equipped with coin, Coin sorting mechanism is internally provided with casing 1, coin sorting mechanism is correspondingly arranged at the lower section that coin is put into mouth 2;The coin Sorting mechanism is made of mechanism for collecting paper money and coin collection mechanism;Mechanism for collecting paper money includes being used for the negative pressure wind for providing negative pressure Fan 3, the negative pressure band 4 for transporting bank note, the first roller 5 for driving the up and down motion of negative pressure band 4 and the second roller 6, be used for The bank note brush 7 of open and flat bank note, the first disk roller 8 for rolling bank note and the second disk roller 9 and the 3rd disk roller 10, fold for separating The wire netting 12 of bank note, the separation brush 13 for separating folding bank note, the vortex cylinder 15 for open and flat folding bank note and bank note are received Receive case 16;The negative pressure fan 3 is fixed on the rear wall of casing 1, and the negative pressure band 4 passes through the first roller 5 and 6, the second roller The front of negative pressure fan 3 is correspondingly arranged at after support, first roller 5 is presented down with the second roller 6 and is arranged vertically, during use With the second roller 6 by driving negative pressure band 4 to move up and down after driving motor driving, the bank note brush 7 is correspondingly arranged at negative one roller 5 In front of the lower part of pressure zone 4, and the brush finish of bank note brush 7 is contacted with negative pressure band, and first disk roller 8 and the second disk roller are vertical about 9 Be arranged in the lower section of negative pressure band 4, by the 3rd disk roller 10 respectively with the 9 tangent setting of the first disk roller 8 and the second disk roller, by the 3rd disk roller 10 are connected by revolute pair with a sliding block, and sliding block is connected by prismatic pair with casing 1, and spring 11 is equipped with sliding block, are used When the 3rd disk roller 10 is in close contact all the time with the first disk roller 8 and the second disk roller 9;The wire netting 12 is correspondingly arranged at negative pressure band 4 The upper end of bank note brush 7 in front of lower part, the separation brush 13 are correspondingly arranged at the top of wire netting 12, are set in the lower end of separation brush 13 There is a horizontal conveying belt 14, drive separation brush 13 to be moved along the upper surface of wire netting 13 by horizontal conveying belt 14 during use, it is described Vortex cylinder 15 is correspondingly arranged at the left end of horizontal conveying belt 14;The paper money storage box 16 is correspondingly arranged at the second disk roller 9 and the 3rd roller The lower section of wheel 10;Coin collection mechanism includes being used for the eccentric wheel 17, the first coin bolter 18, the second coin point for providing power From the 19, first coin containing box 21 of sieve, the second coin containing box 22, the 3rd coin containing box 23;The eccentric wheel 17 is passed through Rack is fixed in casing 1, and the first coin bolter 18 is correspondingly arranged at by eccentric wheel 17 by driving motor to be driven The front end of above-mentioned wire netting 12, one of week by the first coin bolter 18 by toggle 20 and eccentric wheel 17 Turn secondary connection, diameter is equipped with the surface of the first coin bolter 18 more than 5 jiaos and less than the hole of 1 yuan of coin, by described second Coin bolter 19 is correspondingly arranged at the lower section of the first coin bolter 18, by the another of the second coin bolter 19 and eccentric wheel 17 A secondary connection of turnover, diameter is equipped with the surface of the second coin bolter 19 more than 1 jiao and less than the hole of 5 jiaos of coins;By described in First coin containing box 21 is correspondingly arranged at the front lower place of the first coin bolter 18, and the second coin containing box 22 is corresponded to and is set In the front lower place of the second coin bolter 19, the 3rd coin containing box 23 is being correspondingly arranged at the second coin bolter 19 just Lower section.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the eddy airstream in the negative pressure and vortex cylinder 15 on the negative pressure band 4 is by negative pressure fan 3 There is provided, the rear end of wherein negative pressure fan 3 is divided into two parts:A part is directly communicated with air, and another part is by passage with being vortexed Cylinder is connected, and is adjusted between two parts by Air-regulating valves 24.
As shown in Figure 1, two secondary centers of circle with eccentric wheel of turnover on the eccentric wheel 17 are located along the same line and divide The both sides in the center of circle are distributed in, second coin bolter 19 moves upwards when moving downward the first coin bolter 18, so that significantly The vibration that two bolters produce is offset, reduces the vibration of machine entirety.
It is put into use, mixing coin is put into mouth by coin in coin sorting mechanism, due to being subject to negative pressure fan Effect makes bank note absorption, and the more smooth bank note of which part is by bank note brush again by first, second, third disk roller on negative pressure band Roll and make its smooth;Then can not be by bank note brush for folding the high bank note of degree, it can drop on wire netting(Due to by To negative pressure effect without dropping on coin bolter), then brushed in vortex cylinder by the separation brush of horizontal movement, by whirlpool Eddy airstream in rotation cylinder is unfolded the bank note of folding, negative pressure cavity is reentered finally by vortex outlet, by negative pressure band Be delivered to the bank note side of painting, so circulation, until bank note fully unfold and by bank note brush and disk roller untill.Due to coin quality Greatly, it is subject to air drag smaller in dropping process, therefore it directly drops on the first coin bolter, due to the first coin The surface of bolter is provided with diameter more than 5 jiaos and less than the hole of 1 yuan of coin, therefore 1 yuan of coin is left in the separation of the first coin That sieves is upper, as the vibration motion of the first coin bolter is to its front end, finally falls into the first coin containing box of lower section;Together Reason, the coin of 5 jiaos and 1 jiao is isolated by the second coin bolter.
The present invention sets negative pressure fan and negative pressure band by being put into mouth in coin, makes to enter the mixing in coin sorting mechanism Coin is directly separated out currency and coins, and the bank note isolated flows into paper after carrying out smooth processing by three groups of disk rollers and vortex cylinder Coin containing box is collected, and the coin that the coin isolated isolates 1 yuan, 5 jiaos and 1 jiao by two coin bolters is received respectively Collection.The machine construction is simple, easily manufactured, substantially increases the efficiency of coin taxonomic revision, has saved manpower, reduced into This, is conducive to promote the use of.
The foregoing is merely the preferable possible embodiments of the present invention, and the scope of the claims of the limitation present invention is not used to, thus it is all The equivalent transformation made with present specification, is similarly included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of coin classifier, including casing, casing upper end is put into mouth equipped with coin, and casing internal is equipped with coin classifier Structure, coin sorting mechanism are correspondingly arranged at the lower section that coin is put into mouth, it is characterised in that:
The coin sorting mechanism is made of mechanism for collecting paper money and coin collection mechanism;
Mechanism for collecting paper money includes being used for providing the negative pressure fan of negative pressure, the negative pressure band for transporting bank note, for driving negative pressure With move up and down the first roller and the second roller, the bank note brush for open and flat bank note, the first disk roller for rolling bank note and Second disk roller and the 3rd disk roller, the wire netting for folding for separating bank note, fold for separating the separation brush of bank note, for open and flat Fold the vortex cylinder and paper money storage box of bank note;The negative pressure fan is fixed on chassis sidewall, and the negative pressure band passes through the first rolling The front of negative pressure fan is correspondingly arranged at after wheel and the second roller supporting, first roller presents lower vertical cloth with the second roller Put, by driving negative pressure band to move up and down after driving motor driving, the bank note brush is correspondingly arranged at for the first roller and the second roller In front of the lower part of negative pressure band, and the brush finish of bank note brush is contacted with negative pressure band, first disk roller and the second disk roller vertical cloth up and down The lower section of negative pressure band is placed in, the 3rd disk roller passes through revolute pair with the first disk roller and the tangent setting of the second disk roller, the 3rd disk roller respectively Be connected with a sliding block, sliding block is connected by prismatic pair with casing, and sliding block is equipped with spring, make the 3rd disk roller all the time with the first disk roller It is in close contact with the second disk roller;The wire netting is correspondingly arranged at upper end of the negative pressure with the bank note brush in front of lower part, the separation brush The top of wire netting is correspondingly arranged at, separation brush lower end is equipped with horizontal conveying belt, and horizontal conveying belt drives separation brush along wire netting Surface is moved, and the vortex cylinder is correspondingly arranged at horizontal conveying belt one end;The paper money storage box is correspondingly arranged at the second disk roller and The lower section of three disk rollers;
Coin collection mechanism includes being used for providing the eccentric wheel of power, the first coin bolter, the second coin bolter, first hard Coin containing box, the second coin containing box, the 3rd coin containing box;The eccentric wheel is fixed in casing by rack, eccentric wheel By driving motor to be driven, the first coin bolter is correspondingly arranged at the front end of above-mentioned wire netting, the separation of the first coin Sieve is equipped with diameter by the secondary connection of one of turnover of toggle and eccentric wheel on the surface of the first coin bolter It is less than the hole of 1 yuan of coin more than 5 jiaos, the second coin bolter is correspondingly arranged at the lower section of the first coin bolter, and second The secondary connection of another of coin bolter and eccentric wheel turnover, be equipped with the surface of the second coin bolter diameter be more than 1 jiao and Less than the hole of 5 jiaos of coins;The first coin containing box is correspondingly arranged at the front lower place of the first coin bolter, second coin Containing box is correspondingly arranged at the front lower place of the second coin bolter, and the 3rd coin containing box is correspondingly arranged at the second coin bolter Underface.
A kind of 2. coin classifier according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Negative pressure and vortex cylinder on the negative pressure band Interior eddy airstream is provided by negative pressure fan, and the rear end of wherein negative pressure fan is divided into two parts:A part directly with big gas phase Logical, another part is connected by passage with vortex cylinder, passes through regulating the qi flowing in the channels valve regulation between two parts.
A kind of 3. coin classifier according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Two on eccentric wheel turnovers it is secondary with The center of circle of eccentric wheel is located along the same line and is distributed in the both sides in the center of circle, and second is hard when moving downward the first coin bolter Coin bolter moves upwards.
CN201610094071.1A 2016-02-22 2016-02-22 A kind of coin classifier Active CN105761350B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610094071.1A CN105761350B (en) 2016-02-22 2016-02-22 A kind of coin classifier

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610094071.1A CN105761350B (en) 2016-02-22 2016-02-22 A kind of coin classifier

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CN105761350A CN105761350A (en) 2016-07-13
CN105761350B true CN105761350B (en) 2018-04-24

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106296978B (en) * 2016-07-28 2018-12-04 宁德师范学院 A kind of currency and coins separator of anti-coin accumulation
CN107293041A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-10-24 东北电力大学 A kind of coin separation, counting, finishing integrated device

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