CN105757860B - The cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device separated with rotary motion - Google Patents

The cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device separated with rotary motion Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105757860B
CN105757860B CN201610281132.5A CN201610281132A CN105757860B CN 105757860 B CN105757860 B CN 105757860B CN 201610281132 A CN201610281132 A CN 201610281132A CN 105757860 B CN105757860 B CN 105757860B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotary motion
cylindrical
central shaft
heat
accumulator
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CN201610281132.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105757860A (en
Inventor
董凯军
胡涛
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中国科学院广州能源研究所
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Priority to CN201610281132.5A priority Critical patent/CN105757860B/en
Publication of CN105757860A publication Critical patent/CN105757860A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/0017Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning using cold storage bodies, e.g. ice
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/14Thermal energy storage

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation devices separated with rotary motion.The rotary motion inside cylindrical water cold accumulation device mainly is made using a kind of water-proof heat-insulation material to separate, stores and lets cool the time-division and be interposed between along swing-around trajectory rotational slide under the dragging effect of external motor, to realize the Xu discharging cold courses without thermal stratification.Due to eliminating thermal stratification existing for conventional water cold accumulation device, store let cool efficiency and be much larger than other similar water cold accumulation devices.

Description

The cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device separated with rotary motion

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of air conditioner refrigeration, and in particular to a kind of cylindrical Dynamic Water storage separated with rotary motion Device for cooling.

Background technology

Water cool-storage technology technology carries out the technology of cold storage as a kind of sensible heat using water:Do not need cold or Low temperature is made using refrigeration equipment in the period (when night power grid low ebb, while being also air conditioner load low ebb) for needing cold less Water stores, and then in air conditioning or technique, with cold peak period, (when power grid peak on daytime, generally also air conditioner load is high Peak) with meet demand.As a kind of effective way of electric power peak load shifting, economical operation, energy-saving and environment-friendly effect can be played, It is widely used, but how to reduce the occupied space of water cold storage groove body in practical applications, reduce cold-storage loss, carry High utilization ratio seems especially important.

Current Water cold storage technology mainly uses double flute or multi-groove type, labyrinth type, single slot diaphragm type, single bath temperature degree layer-stepping Etc. forms.Dual grooved cannot be always utilized there are one groove body, low space utilization;Multi-groove type system operation needs multiple valves to cut It changes, system complex, operation control difficulty is big;Labyrinth type water flow velocity is not easy to control, easily forms whirlpool or short circuit forms dead zone, this The shortcomings of outer there are the cold warm water in part to mix, and water resistance is larger;Single slot diaphragm type septation is constantly drawn high up and down, is wanted to film Ask higher, practicability is low;Single bath temperature degree layer-stepping is commonly used, mainly density is maximum at 4 DEG C using water, using in nothing Occur the phenomenon that " cold lower part and hot upper part " progress natural temperature in the case of stirring and be layered cold-storage, but need careful design, construction, protects It is small as far as possible to demonstrate,prove thermoclinic thickness, to improve cold storage efficiency, and cold-storage temperature is minimum is not less than 4 DEG C.

Invention content

In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of cylindrical dynamics separated with rotary motion Water cold accumulation device, to improve the efficiency and effect of water cold storage.

To achieve the goals above, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that:

A kind of cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device separated with rotary motion, including it is cylindrical accumulator 3, central shaft 6, solid Determine waterproof and heat-insulating baffle 2 and rotary motion separates 1;

The central shaft 6 is fixed on the central axis of the cylindrical accumulator 3;

The fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle 2 and the structure of rotary motion separation 1 include:

The fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle 2 is fixed on across the central shaft 6 inside the cylindrical accumulator 3, and will The inner space of the cylinder accumulator 3 is divided into two parts of equity;The rotary motion separates 1 and is set to the cylinder Inside accumulator 3, intersect with the fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle 2 at the central shaft 6, and the central shaft can be surrounded 180 degree rotates, and is isolated into the inner space of cylindrical accumulator 3 two-by-two symmetrically together with the fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle Four parts;

Or

The fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle 2 is located inside the cylindrical accumulator 3, is fixed on the central shaft 6 on one side On, another side is fixed on the inner wall of the cylindrical accumulator 3;The rotary motion separation 1 surrounds the center on one side Axis 6, another side together will along the inner wall 360 degree rotation of the cylindrical accumulator 3 with the fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle 2 The inner space of the cylinder accumulator 3 is separated into two parts.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:

Using lightweight, waterproof thermal insulation material fabrication and installation in the device portion rotary motion separate, main function is to disappear The thermal stratification formed when except water cold storage;The rotary motion is separated and is mounted on above the central shaft of cylindrical water cold accumulation device, Water cold accumulation device inner space is isolated into two parts or two-by-two symmetrical four part with together with fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle;It is revolving Cold warm water is in direct contact when preventing to store/let cool operation under the action of the dynamic separation of transhipment and fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle, is eliminated cold The caused energy figure that directly mixes of warm water declines.

Using the water cold accumulation device of this structure with the flowing of cold-storage water, rotary motion separation is at the vertical center of device It is rotated on axis, corresponds to the variation of cold warm water volume, dynamically change segregate two parts spatial volume.

Cold-storage is realized due to not depending on thermal stratification, can be broken through the lower limit of 4 DEG C of layering cold-storage water temperature, be further decreased storage Cold water temperature improves the water storage temperature difference, reduces the volume of cold-storage groove body.

It, can in the device to break away from the limitation of flow stability and uniformity since there is no thermal stratification phenomenon Remove the water distributor in thermal stratification method.Reduce the idle space that water distributor occupies in thermal stratification method in this way, improves list Position volume storage density of cold.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device schematic diagram (structure one) that the present invention separates with rotary motion.

Fig. 2 is the cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device schematic cross-section that the present invention separates with rotary motion.

Fig. 3 is the swing-around trajectory schematic diagram that rotary motion separates in the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device charging schematic diagram that the present invention separates with rotary motion;

Fig. 5 is the cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device discharging schematic diagram that the present invention separates with rotary motion;

Fig. 6 is the cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device schematic diagram (structure two) that the present invention separates with rotary motion

Wherein 1-rotary motion separates, 2-fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffles, 3-cylindrical accumulators, 4-swing-around trajectories Disk, 5-motion pulleys or rolling bearing, 6-central shafts, 7-rotating force contact heads (by belt or gear and can be somebody's turn to do Contact head coordinates), 8,9-cold-storages go out hydrospace/let cool into hydrospace (the i.e. space region that AEJFCH and DEJIBG are respectively constituted Domain), 10,11-cold-storages into hydrospace/let cool out hydrospace (i.e. the area of space that AEJFDI and BEJGCH are respectively constituted), 12-flexible gaskets.

Specific implementation mode

The present invention is further illustrated With reference to embodiment.

The cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device that the present invention separates with rotary motion, as shown in Figure 1, including cylindrical accumulator 3, central shaft 6, fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle 2 and rotary motion separate 1.

Central shaft 6 is fixed on the central axis of cylindrical accumulator 3;

Fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle 2 and rotary motion separate there are two types of 1 structures:

The first:As shown in Figure 1, fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle is fixed on across central shaft inside cylindrical accumulator, and The inner space of cylindrical accumulator is divided into two parts of equity;Rotary motion separation is set to inside cylindrical accumulator, Intersect in central axis and fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle, and central shaft 180 degree can be surrounded and rotated, with fixed aqueous humor thermal baffle The inner space of cylindrical accumulator is isolated into symmetrical four part two-by-two together;

Second:As shown in fig. 6, fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle is located inside cylindrical accumulator, it is fixed on center on one side On axis, another side is fixed on the inner wall of cylindrical accumulator;Rotary motion separate on one side surround central shaft, another side along The inner wall 360 degree rotation of cylindrical accumulator, by the inner space of cylindrical accumulator point together with fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle It is divided into two parts.

Cylindrical shape accumulator 3, outer shield polyurethane heat insulation material and protective layer are slightly larger than water, thermal coefficient using density Smaller and waterproof sandwich separates 1 as rotary motion, and rotary motion separates 1 and central shaft 6, cylindrical water cold storage The inner wall and basal sliding contact interface of device 3 use flexible sealing.

Preferably, the top setting rotating force contact head 7 of central shaft 6, rotating force contact head 7 and stepper motor Belt is connected, and drives belt driving rotary motion to separate 1 rotation according to the flow control motor let cool is stored.Cylindrical accumulator The 3 external swing-around trajectory disk 4 in top, swing-around trajectory disk 4 are equipped with movement skidding 5 (or rolling bearing) movement skiddings 5 and drive rotation Transhipment is dynamic to separate 1 along the rotation of swing-around trajectory disk 4.

Below based on the first structure for fixing waterproof and heat-insulating baffle 2 and rotary motion separation 1, this water cold storage is introduced The course of work of device.

Charging:As shown in figure 4, cold-storage is gone out about 12 DEG C (or higher temperature) in hydrospace 8,9 by cold-storage water pump Warm water pumps out, and into handpiece Water Chilling Units, prepares 1-2 DEG C of chilled water, and cold-storage is then sent under the effect of cold-storage water pump into hydrospace 10, in 11, the process is according to going out hydrospace 8,9 from cold-storage and pump out to enter cold-storage after handpiece Water Chilling Units cool down into hydrospace 10,11 Water rate control rotary motion separate and 1 rotated according to rotation arrows direction in schematic diagram 4, ensure 4 spaces separated Area liquid level balances, which goes out hydrospace 8,9 volumes constantly reduce, and cold-storage constantly increases into hydrospace 10,11 volumes, Continue cold-storage in hydrospace 8,9 after warm water is cooled to 1-2 DEG C to store in cold-storage into hydrospace 10,11 simultaneously;Complete one After a cold-storage period, 12 DEG C of warm water in device are all prepared into 1-2 DEG C of chilled water and store in cold-storage into hydrospace 10,11 In, at the same time, cold-storage reaches the maximum volume close to entire water cold accumulation device into hydrospace 10,11, and cold-storage goes out hydrospace 8,9 Volume reaches minimum, there's almost no 12 DEG C of warm water in entire water cold accumulation device, charging terminates.

Discharging:1-2 DEG C of the chilled water let cool out in hydrospace 10,11 is pumped out as shown in figure 5, letting cool water pump, Into tail end air conditioner equipment, become the warm water of 12 DEG C (or higher temperature) after letting cool, is then sent into the case where letting cool water pump effect Let cool into hydrospace 8,9, the process according to from let cool out hydrospace -10,11 pump out through tail end air conditioner equipment heating after enter It lets cool the water rate control rotary motion separation 1 into hydrospace 8,9 to be rotated according to rotation arrows direction in schematic diagram 5, ensure The 4 area of space liquid level equilibriums separated, which lets cool out hydrospace 10,11 volumes constantly reduce, and lets cool into hydrospace 8,9 volumes constantly increase, while continuing the chilled water let cool out in hydrospace 10,11 being warming up to 12 DEG C (or higher temperatures) After send to letting cool into hydrospace 8,9;Complete one let cool the period after, 1-2 DEG C of chilled water in device all becomes 12 DEG C The warm water of (or higher temperature), which stores, to be let cool into hydrospace -8,9, at the same time, is let cool into hydrospace 8,9 and is reached most Greatly close to the volume of entire water cold accumulation device, hydrospace 10 is let cool out, 11 volumes reach minimum, in entire water cold accumulation device almost There is no 1-2 DEG C of chilled water, discharging terminates.

So can be achieved 1-12 DEG C big temperature difference cold-storage, in addition in cold-storage, discharging cold course, chilled water with warm water always by Rotary motion separates and fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle is isolated in different spaces region inside device, and hot and cold water is prevented directly to mix Caused energy figure declines, and improves storage density of cold and cold storage efficiency.

Above-listed detailed description is illustrating for possible embodiments of the present invention, which is not to limit this hair Bright the scope of the claims, all equivalence enforcements or change without departing from carried out by the present invention are intended to be limited solely by the scope of the claims of this case.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device separated with rotary motion, which is characterized in that
Separate (1) including cylindrical accumulator (3), central shaft (6), fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle (2) and rotary motion;
The central shaft (6) is fixed on central shaft (6) line of the cylindrical accumulator (3);
The structure that the fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle (2) and the rotary motion separate (1) includes:
The fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle (2) is fixed on cylindrical accumulator (3) inside across the central shaft (6), and The inner space of the cylindrical accumulator (3) is divided into two parts of equity;The rotary motion separation (1) is set to described Cylindrical accumulator (3) is internal, intersects with the fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle (2) at the central shaft (6), and can surround Central shaft (6) the 180 degree rotation, by the inner space of cylindrical accumulator (3) together with the fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle It is isolated into symmetrical four part two-by-two;
Or
The fixed waterproof and heat-insulating baffle (2) is located at cylindrical accumulator (3) inside, is fixed on the central shaft on one side (6) on, another side is fixed on the inner wall of the cylindrical accumulator (3);The rotary motion separation (1) surrounds institute on one side Central shaft (6) is stated, another side is kept off along the inner wall 360 degree rotation of the cylindrical accumulator (3) with the fixed waterproof and heat-insulating The inner space of the cylindrical accumulator (3) is separated into two parts by plate (2) together;
In the top of the central shaft (6) setting rotating force contact head (7), the belt of stepper motor connects the turning effort Power contact head (7) drives the rotary motion to separate (1) rotation;
The external swing-around trajectory disk (4) in top of the cylinder accumulator (3), swing-around trajectory disk (4) are equipped with movement skidding (5);
The movement skidding (5) drives the rotary motion separation (1) to be rotated along the swing-around trajectory disk (4);
The cylindrical shape accumulator (3), outer shield polyurethane heat insulation material and protective layer are slightly larger than water, heat conduction system using density Smaller and waterproof the sandwich of number separates (1) as rotary motion;
The rotary motion separates the contact of (1) and the central shaft (6), the inner wall and bottom of the cylindrical accumulator (3) Face is connected using flexible sealing.
CN201610281132.5A 2016-04-29 2016-04-29 The cylindrical dynamic water cold accumulation device separated with rotary motion CN105757860B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105757860B true CN105757860B (en) 2018-08-17

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110933912A (en) * 2019-12-07 2020-03-27 广东科云辰航计算科技有限责任公司 Cold-storage energy-saving device for data center

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005061703A (en) * 2003-08-11 2005-03-10 Tokyo Electric Power Co Inc:The Nitrogen type gas-liquid interface shielding liquid tank
CN201607078U (en) * 2009-11-02 2010-10-13 上海汽车资产经营有限公司 Combined-type water energy storage device
CN203100025U (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-07-31 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Movable separated-type water cooling storage device
CN103940013A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-07-23 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Spiral large-temperature-difference water cold accumulation device
CN203785145U (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-08-20 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Spiral type large temperature difference water cold storage apparatus
CN104964370A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-10-07 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Chilled water storage device
CN105157134A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-12-16 许文辉 Energy-saving chilled water storage structure
CN205717671U (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-11-23 中国科学院广州能源研究所 The cylindrical Dynamic Water cold-storage device separated with rotary motion

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005061703A (en) * 2003-08-11 2005-03-10 Tokyo Electric Power Co Inc:The Nitrogen type gas-liquid interface shielding liquid tank
CN201607078U (en) * 2009-11-02 2010-10-13 上海汽车资产经营有限公司 Combined-type water energy storage device
CN203100025U (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-07-31 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Movable separated-type water cooling storage device
CN103940013A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-07-23 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Spiral large-temperature-difference water cold accumulation device
CN203785145U (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-08-20 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Spiral type large temperature difference water cold storage apparatus
CN105157134A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-12-16 许文辉 Energy-saving chilled water storage structure
CN104964370A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-10-07 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Chilled water storage device
CN205717671U (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-11-23 中国科学院广州能源研究所 The cylindrical Dynamic Water cold-storage device separated with rotary motion

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