CN105756432B - A kind of bolt mechanism of manual unlocking - Google Patents

A kind of bolt mechanism of manual unlocking Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105756432B
CN105756432B CN201610278078.9A CN201610278078A CN105756432B CN 105756432 B CN105756432 B CN 105756432B CN 201610278078 A CN201610278078 A CN 201610278078A CN 105756432 B CN105756432 B CN 105756432B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
manual unlocking
latch
rack
clutch block
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201610278078.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105756432A (en
Inventor
陈鸿填
张寿晋
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Guangdong Hutlon Technology Co Ltd
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Guangdong Hutlon Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610278078.9A priority Critical patent/CN105756432B/en
Publication of CN105756432A publication Critical patent/CN105756432A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105756432B publication Critical patent/CN105756432B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B47/0001Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof
    • E05B47/0012Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof with rotary electromotors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B15/00Other details of locks; Parts for engagement by bolts of fastening devices
    • E05B15/10Bolts of locks or night latches
    • E05B15/108Bolts with multiple head
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B47/0001Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof
    • E05B2047/0014Constructional features of actuators or power transmissions therefor
    • E05B2047/0018Details of actuator transmissions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B47/0001Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof
    • E05B2047/0014Constructional features of actuators or power transmissions therefor
    • E05B2047/0018Details of actuator transmissions
    • E05B2047/002Geared transmissions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B47/0001Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof
    • E05B2047/0014Constructional features of actuators or power transmissions therefor
    • E05B2047/0018Details of actuator transmissions
    • E05B2047/0026Clutches, couplings or braking arrangements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B2047/0084Key or electric means; Emergency release
    • E05B2047/0086Emergency release, e.g. key or electromagnet

Abstract

A kind of bolt mechanism of manual unlocking, the bolt mechanism is driven by drive device, the bolt mechanism includes latch, the latch frame being fixedly connected with latch, the manual unlocking push rod for manual actuation latch frame and the driving member being set in outside latch frame, the driving member engages with the output gear of motor, includes clutch between the latch frame and driving member;The clutch includes the first state for engaging latch frame and driving member, and the second state for being disengaged latch frame and driving member;When pressing manual unlocking push rod, the clutch enters the second state from first state.The present invention carries out Stroke Control to latch frame and rack respectively, can complete to unlock manually by separating the linkage of latch frame and rack, the reduction gearing of motor is caused to wear when avoiding unlocking manually.

Description

A kind of bolt mechanism of manual unlocking
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanical transmission fields, more particularly, to the bolt mechanism of manual unlocking.
Background technology
Chinese patent CN203742293U discloses a kind of smart electronicses keeper, including lock body and remote-control key, lock body Drain pan is provided with motor fixing seat, and motor is fixed in motor fixing seat, and motor is provided with gear, and lock pin is fixed on rack, Rack and pinion is intermeshed;The front end of drain pan latch-locking is provided with emergent lock pin, and one end of emergent lock pin is extended to outside drain pan;In The bottom of shell is fixed with control panel, and control panel is connected with motor.Such keeper can have some situations in use, such as Then people understood the meet an urgent need end of lock pin of Manual press and carried out emergent unlocking, it is necessary to emergent unlocking situations such as electric power deficiency.
Because emergent lock pin is fixed with rack and lock pin, when being manually pressed by emergent lock pin, the reversion of rack drives gear, make Into the abrasion of the reduction gearing of motor, electronic lock can not normal work in the course of time.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of bolt mechanism of manual unlocking, can by means of clutch connection latch frame with Rack, the abrasion of electric motor speed reducer gear is caused when avoiding unlocking manually with rack meshed gears reverse drive motor.
The purpose of the present invention is realized by following technical proposals:It is a kind of can manual unlocking bolt mechanism, the latch Mechanism is driven by drive device, and the bolt mechanism drives including latch, the latch frame being fixedly connected with the latch, for manual Move the manual unlocking push rod of the latch frame and be sheathed on the driving member of the latch frame, the driving member fills with the driving The output block engagement put, includes clutch between the latch frame and the driving member;The clutch includes making institute The first state of latch frame and driving member engagement is stated, and make that the latch frame and the driving member be disengaged second State;When the manual unlocking push rod is pressed, the clutch enters second state from the first state.This Latch in invention includes but are not limited to the structure that embodiment is shown, it should be understood that can by means of drive device and manually Push rod realizes that lateral displacement then realizes any mechanism switched between two location status.
Preferably, the clutch includes elastic clutch pin assemblies, manual unlocking frame and transmission clutch block, described manual Unblock frame and the elastic clutch pin assemblies are used to limit the rotation of the transmission clutch block and released to the transmission clutch block The limitation of rotation, and for the transmission clutch block to be limited into a deflection angle and releases the limit in the deflection angle It is fixed;The transmission clutch block is used for the engagement of the driving member and is disengaged with the driving member.
Preferably, the latch frame includes slide, and the slide includes mutually orthogonal side wall, bottom wall and end wall;Institute State in slide, from the side wall be outwards disposed with the elastic clutch pin assemblies, the manual unlocking frame, it is described be driven from Close block and the driving member;The manual unlocking frame and the driving member are by the bottom wall supports;The of the manual unlocking frame One end is provided with the manual unlocking push rod, and the end of the manual unlocking push rod is extended to outside it after passing through the latch frame, The other end of the manual unlocking frame is that the second end is resisted against by means of elastic component on the end wall of the slide.
Preferably, the manual unlocking frame include first side surface relative with the latch frame and with it is described be driven from The second relative side surface of block is closed, first side surface is oppositely disposed with second side surface;The manual unlocking frame Middle part includes a horizontal elongated hole through first side surface and second side surface, and the horizontal elongated hole is along manual Unblock pushrod movement direction includes Part I, Part II and Part III successively.
Preferably, the transmission clutch block include first side surface relative with manual unlocking frame and with the rack phase To the second side surface, the first side surface and the second side surface are oppositely disposed;
The bottom of the transmission clutch block is provided with the axis hole through first side surface and second side surface, can It is rotatably mounted relative to plug housing;The transmission clutch block is provided with close to the edge of push rod end direction runs through described first Side surface and the lock slots of second side surface, the rotation of the transmission clutch block can be limited;The transmission clutch block Top edge is provided with the transmission neck through the first side surface and the second side surface, can be with the rack couple drive.
Preferably, the driving member is rack assembly, and the rack assembly includes the rack body and rack being fixedly connected Carriage, the rack carriage can be along the wall upper surface track type movement of the latch frame, the rack carriage tops Portion includes a pulling hole, and the rack carriage can be moved by means of the pulling hole along the manual unlocking mounted track formula, institute State and trundle is provided with below rack carriage, the trundle is horizontal-extending towards the transmission clutch block.
Preferably, the Part II region of the horizontal elongated hole of the manual unlocking frame includes a lozenges, the wedge shape Face is from extending to Part I and on the first side surface in the middle part of Part II on the second side surface of the manual unlocking frame The intersection of two parts.
Preferably, the elastic clutch pin assemblies include the first shank, middle shoulder and the second shank with lozenges, Wherein described first shank is installed on the latch frame by means of elastic component, the elastic clutch pin assemblies include first state and Second state, in said first condition, the spring of the elastic clutch pin assemblies stretch naturally, and the second shank passes through the hand Any rotation of the transmission clutch block is limited after dynamic unblock frame, the middle shoulder is contained in the transverse direction of the manual unlocking frame In the Part II of elongated hole, the lozenges of the middle shoulder and the lozenges in the Part II region of the horizontal elongated hole are matched somebody with somebody Close;In said second condition, the spring of the elastic clutch pin assemblies is in compressive state, and the second shank is contained in the hand In the Part I of the horizontal elongated hole of dynamic unblock frame, end is relative to the second side surface of the manual unlocking frame is concordant or contracting Enter;When the manual unlocking frame moves right relative to the latch frame, in the middle shoulder and horizontal elongated hole Part II Between lozenges cooperation under, the elastic clutch pin assemblies switch to the second state from first state.
Preferably, the first side surface of the transmission clutch block is provided with angle limit groove and angle alignment pin, described Angle limit groove, the axis hole and the angle alignment pin are on same straight line, and the axis hole is located at the angle limit Between groove and the angle alignment pin.
Preferably, angled locating slot is set on the manual unlocking frame, and the angle locating slot can engage the angle Spend alignment pin.
Preferably, the top of the manual unlocking frame is provided with shifting block, and the shifting block is extended upwardly at the top of the carriage In the pulling hole.
Preferably, it is provided with for installing the mounting hole of the elastic clutch pin assemblies, and is provided with the side wall For through the transmission clutch block installation axle that the transmission clutch block is inserted after the manual unlocking frame.The present invention and prior art Compared to having the following advantages that:
The present invention makes latch frame and rack linkage by locking lower transmission clutch block, promotes manual unlocking during emergent unlocking Frame unblock transmission clutch block, makes latch frame be separated with rack, manual unlocking frame drives the movement of latch frame to unlock, and rack is fixed not It is dynamic, the reduction gearing of motor is caused to wear when avoiding unlocking manually;Do not change original mode of operation unlocked manually, separation and An action of unlocking can be completed.According to being separately mounted to provide reliable system after power recovery on latch frame and rack Reset so that electronics keeper returns to normal operating conditions, is ready for next task.
The bolt mechanism of the present invention, although the emergent unlocking based on intelligent keeper is applied and designed, it is not limited only to such Using, but can be with expanded application in more areas, such as the locking mechanism driven by electric hydraulic is, it is necessary to which manual-operated emergent is opened Occasion, such as door and window, valve, Yi Jiche, ship, aircraft, space hatch door etc..As long as emergency starting can cause drivetrain reverse impact , the bolt mechanism of the present invention can be used to eliminate reverse impact.
Brief description of the drawings
The following drawings will be helpful to carry out clearer displaying to the present invention in conjunction with specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is the assembling schematic diagram of intelligent bolt structure in present pre-ferred embodiments;
Fig. 2 is lock and lock body correspondence position relation schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the assembling schematic diagram of bolt mechanism;
Fig. 4 is the outside schematic diagram of the bolt mechanism of manual clutch;
Fig. 5 is the inner side schematic diagram of the bolt mechanism of manual clutch;
Fig. 6 a, Fig. 6 b, Fig. 6 c are the Difference angles schematic diagrames for being driven clutch block;
Fig. 7 a, Fig. 7 b are the assembling structure schematic diagrams for being driven clutch block 8;
Fig. 8 is the control schematic diagram of electric latching;
Fig. 9 is the control schematic diagram of electronic unlocking;
Figure 10 is the control schematic diagram unlocked manually;
Figure 11 is the control schematic diagram of tooth bar resets.
Embodiment
Describe exemplary embodiment, feature and the aspect of the present invention in detail below with reference to accompanying drawing.Identical is attached in accompanying drawing Icon note represents the same or analogous element of function.Although the various aspects of embodiment are shown in the drawings, unless special Do not point out, it is not necessary to accompanying drawing drawn to scale.
In addition, in order to better illustrate the present invention, numerous details is given in embodiment below. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that without some details, the present invention can equally be implemented.For those skilled in the art Well known method, means, element and circuit are not described in detail, in order to highlight the purport of the present invention.
" preceding " " rear " " left side " " right side " " on " " under " referred in the application is specifically placed relative to smart electronicses keeper For direction.Specifically refer to, the direction towards the lock of smart electronicses keeper is " preceding ", opposite remote smart electronicses keeper The direction of lock is " rear ", and the direction towards manual unlocking push rod end is " left side ", opposite remote manual unlocking push rod end Direction be " right side ", close to cover lid direction for " on ", close to mounting seat direction for " under ".
Referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, a kind of smart electronicses keeper of the bolt mechanism with manual clutch, including lock body and lock 21, the lock body includes cover lid 19, mounting seat 22, and the cover lid snaps together with the mounting seat, is provided with the cover lid The bolt mechanism 20 of manual clutch, the bolt mechanism of the manual clutch are connected by mobile with snap fit, the lock body Sealed sealed with disengaging by bolt mechanism 20 between lock, bolt mechanism 20 includes latch 201.Lock body is fixed on door body On, lock is fixed on doorframe.
Motor fixing seat 23 is provided with the cover lid, motor 24 is fixed in motor fixing seat, and motor is provided with gear 25, Rack 2 is intermeshed with gear 25, and one end of push rod 5 is extended to outside cover lid 19.Control is fixed with the bottom of motor fixing seat Plate 26, control panel is connected with motor.Control panel is provided with antenna, indicator lamp, buzzer and with code button.Battery is arranged on motor The side of fixed seat, battery are connected with control panel.
Remote-control key includes housing, control panel and battery.Battery and control panel are fixed in housing, housing be provided with open by Button and pass button, drive button and pass button is connected with control panel respectively, and control panel, which is provided with, matches somebody with somebody code button.
By means of being driven by the above-mentioned motor 24 in lock body, the bolt mechanism 20 includes inserting bolt mechanism 20 Pin, the latch frame 1 being fixedly connected with latch, the manual unlocking push rod 5 for manual actuation latch frame and it is set in latch frame Outer rack assembly 2, the rack assembly 2 engage with the output gear of motor 24, are wrapped between the latch frame and rack assembly Include clutch.
Clutch
Clutch includes making the first state of latch frame 1 and the engagement of rack assembly 2, and makes latch frame and rack assembly The second state being disengaged.When pressing manual unlocking push rod 5, the clutch enters the second state from first state.
The clutch includes elastic clutch pin assemblies 14, manual unlocking frame 4 and transmission clutch block 8,
The manual unlocking frame 4 and elastic clutch pin assemblies 14 are used for any rotation and releasing for limiting transmission clutch block 8 The limitation rotated to transmission clutch block 8, and for transmission clutch block 8 to be limited into a deflection angle and released in the deflection The restriction of angle;The transmission clutch block 8 is used to engage the rack assembly 2 and be disengaged with the rack assembly 2.
Latch frame 1
Latch frame 1 is the structure for driving latch 201 to move, and substantially in cuboidal configuration, is arranged in keeper housing.
The bottom of the latch frame 1 includes slide 3, and slide includes orthogonal side wall, bottom wall and end wall;Set in the side wall It is equipped with for installing the mounting hole 13 of elastic clutch pin assemblies 14, and is provided perpendicular to sidewall surfaces, for through manual The transmission clutch block installation axle 12 for being driven clutch block is inserted after unlocking frame 4.
In the slide 3, the elastic clutch pin assemblies 14, the manual unlocking are outwards set gradually from the side wall Frame 4, the transmission clutch block 8 and the rack assembly 2.The manual unlocking frame 4 and the rack assembly 2 are by the bottom wall branch Support;Described one end of manual unlocking frame 4 is installed with the manual unlocking push rod 5, and the end of push rod 5 extends after passing through the latch frame 1 Outside to it, the other end of manual unlocking frame 4 is resisted against on the end wall of the slide by means of the first spring 6.
The left side of the slide 3 sets ram seat 30, is provided with push rod mounting hole 31 in the ram seat, the push rod installs In the push rod mounting hole.Make the motion of push rod more stable, it is laborsaving, jam will not occur.
The right-hand member of the manual unlocking frame 4 is provided with spring lock block 32, and the right-hand member of the slide is provided with spring base 33, and described The both ends of one spring are withstood on the spring lock block and the spring base respectively.The left end of manual unlocking frame withstands on ram seat 30 On end face.
The travel switch baffle plate 41 being provided projectingly in the side wall of ram seat 30, the lock-bit of mechanism left end is arranged on for triggering Travel switch 39 is closed or disconnected.
In the side wall of latch frame 1, above the right side of transmission clutch block installation axle 12, outstanding transmission is provided with Clutch block reset time limit position baffle plate 42, for being parked in expected initial position when being driven clutch block 8 and being resetted from inflection point.
Manual unlocking frame 4
Manual unlocking frame 4 includes first side surface relative with latch frame 1 and relative with the transmission clutch block the Two side surfaces, first side surface are oppositely disposed with the second side surface;The middle part of manual unlocking frame 4 include one through its One side surface and the horizontal elongated hole 7 of the second side surface, horizontal elongated hole include first successively along manual unlocking pushrod movement direction Partly, Part II and Part III.The profile of the Part II of the horizontal elongated hole of manual unlocking frame can be with elastic on-of pin Outline (will be described in more detail below) matching of the middle shoulder of component.It is important that Part II region includes a direction The lozenges 17 in latch frame direction, middle part extension of the lozenges 17 from Part II on the second side surface of the manual unlocking frame The intersection of Part I and Part II on to the first side surface.The outline of the Part I can be with elastic on-of pin The outline matching of second shank of component.The outline of the Part III can position with the angle on clutch transmission block 8 Pin 28 (will be described in more detail below) matches.The Part III lower right of the horizontal elongated hole 7 of the manual unlocking frame 4 is provided with Angle locating slot 29.Angle locating slot 29 is included in the weakened region 72 formed below of horizontal elongated hole 7 of manual unlocking frame 4, with And the one section of ' locked ' zone 71 extended to the right from the weakened region.The ' locked ' zone includes the high right-hand member low dip of a left end Top surface, the left end of top surface extend to the right side wall of Part III.So as to, the manual unlocking frame 4 (the of corresponding horizontal elongated hole 7 Three parts and its region on right side, from the second side surface) thicker upper half is separated to form by the top surface of the ' locked ' zone Part and relatively thin the latter half.The angle locating slot 29 can be on couple drive clutch block 8 the (angle of angle alignment pin 28 Alignment pin 28 will be described below in detail).
The top of the manual unlocking frame is provided with shifting block 37, and the carriage 34 that the shifting block extends upwardly into rack assembly 2 is pushed up In the pulling hole 38 in portion.
It is driven clutch block 8
The transmission clutch block 8 is arranged between the manual unlocking frame 4 and the rack assembly 2, including with solving manually Lock the first relative side surface of frame and second side surface relative with the rack, the first side surface are relative with the second side surface Configuration.
The bottom of the transmission clutch block 8 is provided with the axis hole 9 through the first side surface and the second side surface, will can be driven Clutch block installation axle 12 is inserted, and transmission clutch block is rotatably mounted relative to plug housing.
The transmission clutch block 8 is provided with close to the edge of push rod end direction (left side) runs through the first side surface and the second side The lock slots 11 on surface, it can be engaged with the elastic clutch pin assemblies 14 to limit any rotation of the transmission clutch block 8.
The top edge of the transmission clutch block is provided with the transmission neck 10 through the first side surface and the second side surface, energy Couple drive (will be described in more detail below) in enough trundles 18 with the rack assembly 2.Neck 10 is substantially u-shaped opens for transmission Mouthful, U-shaped opening edge and be driven between the top edge of clutch block 8 by can the shape transition that passes through of trundle 18, such as Shown in Fig. 7 a, by arc transition.
First side surface of the transmission clutch block 8 is provided with angle limit groove 27 and angle alignment pin 28, the angle Degree limited impression 27 is located at the top of the lock slots 11, the angle limit groove 27, the axis hole 9 and angle positioning Pin 28 is on same straight line.The axis hole 9 is between the angle limit groove 27 and the angle alignment pin 28.
The transmission clutch block 8 has two angle positions, first angle position as shown in FIG. 6 a, wherein being driven neck 10 openings are towards surface, and the openings of lock slots 11 is towards front-left;Second place angle as shown in Figure 6b, is opened wherein being driven neck Mouth is open towards lower left towards upper left side, lock slots 11.When the transmission clutch block 8 is in the first angle position as described in Fig. 6 a When, angle alignment pin 28 is contained in the ' locked ' zone of the angle locating slot 29 of manual unlocking frame (as shown in Figure 7a);When described When transmission clutch block 8 is in the second angle position as described in Fig. 6 a, angle alignment pin 28 is out of ' locked ' zone via thinning area Domain is contained in the Part III of the horizontal elongated hole (as shown in Figure 7b).
Rack assembly 2
The rack assembly 2 includes the rack body being fixedly connected and rack carriage 34, the bottom of the carriage are set There is chute 35, the latch frame wall upper surface is provided with slide rail 36, and the carriage 34 can move back and forth along the slide rail. The top of rack carriage 34 includes a pulling hole 38, and the top of the manual unlocking frame 4 is provided with shifting block 37, and the shifting block is embedding Enter in the pulling hole.The rack carriage can be moved by means of the pulling hole 38 along the manual unlocking mounted track formula.
The lower section of rack carriage 34 is provided with trundle 18, and the trundle prolongs towards the transmission clutch block level Stretch.The trundle 18 is out of, the transmission clutch block the second side surface insertion transmission neck 10.
Elastic clutch pin assemblies
The middle part of the elastic clutch pin assemblies is provided with middle shoulder 15, and the afterbodys of the elastic clutch pin assemblies is provided with the Two springs 16, the inner side of the horizontal elongated hole are provided with the wedge-shaped shoulder 17 of compression second spring, and the manual unlocking frame 4 is transported to the right Moving, which makes the elastic clutch pin assemblies 14 exit the lock slots 11, unlocks the transmission clutch block 8,
The elastic clutch pin assemblies 14 include the first shank 141 towards latch frame 1, the middle shoulder with lozenges 15 and towards transmission clutch block 8 the second shank 142142, wherein first shank is arranged on institute by means of second spring 16 State in the mounting hole 13 on latch frame 1.First shank and the second shank are preferably cylindrical, and the outline of middle shoulder is excellent Elect as square.Matchingly, the horizontal elongated hole of manual unlocking frame 4 is that center section (Part II) wide, two rim portions (first Part and Part III) narrow stepped hole, it is preferable that Part I left end and Part III right-hand member are semi-cylindrical.
The elastic clutch pin assemblies 14 include first state and the second state, in the first state, the elastic clutch The spring 16 (second spring) of pin assemblies stretches naturally, the second shank pass through the manual unlocking frame 4 after limit it is described be driven from Any rotation of block is closed, the middle shoulder is contained in the Part II of the horizontal elongated hole of the manual unlocking frame, in described Between the lozenges in Part II region of lozenges and the horizontal elongated hole of shoulder coordinate;In the second condition, the elasticity The spring of clutch pin assemblies is in compressive state, and the second shank is contained in the Part I of the horizontal elongated hole of the manual unlocking frame In, end is relative to the second side surface of the manual unlocking frame is concordant or retraction.The manual unlocking frame is inserted relative to described When pin frame moves right, between the middle shoulder and horizontal elongated hole Part II under the cooperation of lozenges, second spring 16 Compressed, the elastic clutch pin assemblies switch to the second state from first state.
In addition to the bolt mechanism of manual clutch, the other structures of smart electronicses keeper can also be with reference to Chinese utility model Content disclosed in patent 201420106144.0.
The on and off of lock body:The pass button on remote-control key is pressed, after lock body receives shutdown signal, motor 24 starts band Moving gear 25 is rotated, and gear band carry-over bar 2 moves, and rack links with latch frame 1, is connected with lock 21, and door is blocked.Lock Button forms the assembled state of upper and lower drift-pin type with lock pin, and door and doorframe are tightly coupled into an entirety, this with extremely strong solid Qualitatively tiger lock pattern, can effectively play pick-proof and anti-riot effect.When press on remote-control key when driving button, electricity Machine rotates backward, and driving latch frame reverse movement, lock pin separates with lock, and door is opened.
Run into burst dangerous situation or during natural calamity, it is necessary to energency-unlocking, and can not find remote-control key for the moment or battery does not have Electricity or motor break down, it is necessary to unlock manually, general push rod 5 is integrally fixed on latch frame or rack, by lower push-rod meeting Make motor reversal, wear electric motor speed reducer gear, the bolt mechanism of manual clutch can solve this problem.
Emergent manual unlocking operation principle
Referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 5 structure chart and Fig. 6 a-6c operating position graph of a relation, the operation unlocked manually is as follows:Door Under bolt-lock closed state (as shown in Figure 6 a), finger, which pushes to the right push rod 5, makes manual unlocking frame 4 be moved right compression first along slide Spring, the wedge-shaped shoulder 17 of the inner side of manual unlocking frame 4 (the first side surface) inwardly promote the centre in the middle part of elastic clutch pin assemblies Shoulder 15 compresses second spring 16, and the elastic retraction of clutch pin assemblies 14 exits the lock slots 11 and unlocks the transmission clutch block 8. First spring-compressed to a certain extent after, manual unlocking frame 4 starts to promote latch frame 1 to move right, and is arranged on latch frame 1 Transmission clutch block installation axle 12 moves right.At the same time, rack 2 remains stationary as, the trundle being inserted in transmission neck 10 18 remain stationary as, and are deflected so as to be driven clutch block 8.After transmission clutch block 8 deflects an angle, trundle 18 is from transmission Depart from neck 10, so as to realize latch frame 1 and the motion separation of rack 2.Latch frame 1 is moved to limit on the right-right-hand limit position and realizes unlocking, Rack 2 stays in limit on the left position (such as Fig. 6 b).
Smart electronicses keeper typically will also lead to after manual emergency unlocking is carried out after keeper recovers normal electrical control Cross motor driven latch frame locking latch.Therefore, it is necessary to keep transmission clutch block before rack 2 is moved to limit on the right-right-hand limit position Deflexion attitude, after being moved right in order to rack 2, trundle 18 can smoothly enter transmission neck 10, make transmission clutch block 8 extensive The multiple connection between rack 2.
When transmission clutch block 8 just deflects, the end of elastic clutch pin assemblies 14 is contracted in the presence of lozenges In the Part I of horizontal elongated hole 7, end corresponds between lock slots 11 and the angle limit groove 27 of transmission clutch block 8 Region, the angle alignment pin 28 is relative to manual unlocking frame from the lock room of the horizontal elongated hole lower right of angle locating slot 29 Moved towards weakened region in domain.
After transmission clutch block 8 deflects in place, the end of elastic clutch pin assemblies 14 corresponds to the angle limit groove 27, Angle alignment pin 28 moves into Part III from weakened region.As latch frame 1 moves in place, release manual unlocking push rod 5, The movement tendency relative to latch frame 1 to the left, elastic on-of pin under the rebound effect of the first spring 6 be present in manual unlocking frame 4 The end of component 14 somewhat extends a small distance in the presence of lozenges, and This move occurs in a short period of time, because This, the end of elastic clutch pin assemblies 14 is caught in angle limit groove 27 just.So as to the end of elastic clutch pin assemblies 14 Cooperation with angle limit groove 27, the cooperation of the installation axle 12 for being driven clutch block 8 and axis hole 9 and angle alignment pin 28 with The supported at three point (as shown in Figure 7b) cooperatively formed along straight line of the Part III of horizontal elongated hole.In the situation without external force Under, transmission clutch block 8 keeps this deflection angle, and its active force can prevent from returning because lock body shakes transmission clutch block 8 Turn.Now, clutch block, latch frame and manual unlocking frame are driven and rest on right limit position.
When motor, which is resumed work, to be moved right with carry-over bar, the trundle 18 of rack enters the biography towards upper left side opening Dynamic neck 10, and promote the transmission deflection of clutch block 8 to reset, because trundle 18 passes to transmission clutch block one under motor driven Fixed torque, therefore the second shank end of elastic on-of pin departs from from angle limit groove 27.With transmission clutch block 8 Deflection resets, and the opening of transmission neck 10 returns to the surface of transmission clutch block 8, and angle alignment pin 28 enters weakened region.By ' locked ' zone on the right side of weakened region be present, the right side of angle alignment pin 28 loses stop, and at this moment, manual unlocking frame 4 is in the first bullet A segment distance is moved to the left relative to transmission clutch block 8 and latch frame 1 under the compressing of spring, angle alignment pin 28 enters lock room Domain, while elastic clutch pin assemblies protrude the second surface of manual unlocking frame 4 in the presence of lozenges and stretch into transmission clutch The lock slots 11 on the right side of block 8.So far, locking is recovered between rack 2 and latch frame 1.Now, be driven clutch block, manual unlocking frame, Latch frame and rack are fixed, and are in right limit position together.
The driving method of bolt mechanism
Referring to Fig. 8-11, the driving method of the bolt mechanism of the manual clutch is as follows:Using a drive dynamic control device, Drive dynamic control device includes setting lock-bit travel switch 39 and open position stroke respectively along the both ends of the direction of motion of the latch frame 1 Switch 40, the lock-bit travel switch 39 monitors the position of the latch frame 1, and the open position travel switch 40 monitors the rack 2 position, the lock-bit travel switch 39 are connected with the open position travel switch 40 with the control panel 26.Latch frame is moved to During locked position of coupler, lock-bit travel switch closure, when rack is moved to lockset position of coupler, open position travel switch closure.
In normal operation, motor drives rack 2 to move back and forth to smart electronicses keeper by gear 25, rack drives Unlocking and locking are realized in the motion of latch frame 1.Referring to Fig. 8, lock under open mode, lock-bit travel switch 39 is disconnected, and open position stroke is opened 40 are closed to be closed by rack 2, control panel receives the cut-off signal of lock-bit travel switch and the closure signal of open position travel switch, this When, press on remote-control key when driving button, motor is failure to actuate;When pressing the pass button on remote-control key, control panel control electricity Gear on machine rotates counterclockwise driving rack and moved to the left, and open position stroke is switched off, and rack drives latch frame is moved to the left, In the fully-inserted lock of lock pin, door is blocked, and lock-bit travel switch is closed by latch frame, and control panel controlled motor is stopped, As shown in Figure 8.
Referring to Fig. 8, under blocking, open position travel switch 40 is disconnected, and lock-bit travel switch 39 is closed by latch frame 1, control Making sheet receives the closure signal of lock-bit travel switch and the cut-off signal of open position travel switch, now, presses on remote-control key Pass button when, motor is failure to actuate;Press on remote-control key when driving button, the gear in control panel controlled motor turns clockwise Dynamic driving rack drives latch frame moves right, and lock-bit travel switch disconnects, and lock pin exits lock completely, and door is opened, open position Travel switch is closed by rack, and control panel controlled motor is stopped, as shown in Figure 8.
Referring to Figure 10, when unlocking manually, open position travel switch 40 disconnects, and finger down push rod 5 drives manual unlocking frame Latch frame 1 moves right, and transmission clutch block unblock, rack is motionless, and lock-bit stroke 39 switches off, and control panel receives lock-bit row Cheng Kaiguan cut-off signal and the cut-off signal of open position travel switch, the gear 25 in control panel controlled motor rotate clockwise drive Carry-over bar 2 resets to the right, and transmission clutch block makes rack be connected with latch frame, and open position travel switch is closed by rack, controls Plate controlled motor is stopped, as shown in Figure 10.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention be not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art is in the technical scope of present disclosure, the change or replacement that can readily occur in, It should all be included within the scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be with the protection model of claims Enclose and be defined.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. bolt mechanism of manual unlocking, it is characterised in that:The bolt mechanism is driven by drive device, the latch machine Structure include latch, be fixedly connected with the latch latch frame, for latch frame described in manual actuation manual unlocking push rod with And the driving member of the latch frame is sheathed on, the driving member engages with the output block of the drive device,
    Include clutch between the latch frame and the driving member;
    The clutch includes the first state for engaging the latch frame and the driving member, and make the latch frame and The second state that the driving member is disengaged;
    When the manual unlocking push rod is pressed, the clutch enters second state from the first state;
    The clutch includes elastic clutch pin assemblies, manual unlocking frame and transmission clutch block,
    The manual unlocking frame and the elastic clutch pin assemblies are used to limit the rotation of the transmission clutch block and released to institute The limitation that transmission clutch block rotates is stated, and for the transmission clutch block to be limited into a deflection angle and released inclined at this The restriction of gyration;The transmission clutch block is used for the engagement of the driving member and is disengaged with the driving member;
    The latch frame includes slide, and the slide includes mutually orthogonal side wall, bottom wall and end wall;
    In the slide, the elastic clutch pin assemblies, the manual unlocking frame, institute are outwards disposed with from the side wall State transmission clutch block and the driving member;
    The manual unlocking frame and the driving member are by the bottom wall supports;
    The first end of the manual unlocking frame is provided with the manual unlocking push rod, and the end of the manual unlocking push rod passes through institute Extended to after stating latch frame outside it, the second end of the manual unlocking frame is resisted against the end wall of the slide by means of elastic component On.
  2. 2. bolt mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
    The manual unlocking frame is including first side surface relative with the latch frame and relative with the transmission clutch block Second side surface, first side surface are oppositely disposed with second side surface;
    The middle part of the manual unlocking frame includes a horizontal elongated hole through first side surface and second side surface, The horizontal elongated hole includes Part I, Part II and Part III successively along manual unlocking pushrod movement direction.
  3. 3. bolt mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
    The transmission clutch block includes first side surface relative with manual unlocking frame and second side surface relative with rack, First side surface is oppositely disposed with the second side surface;
    The bottom of the transmission clutch block is provided with the axis hole through first side surface and second side surface, can be relative It is rotatably mounted in plug housing;
    The transmission clutch block is provided with close to the edge of push rod end direction runs through first side surface and second side table The lock slots in face, the rotation of the transmission clutch block can be limited;
    The top edge of the transmission clutch block is provided with the transmission neck through the first side surface and the second side surface, can be with institute State rack couple drive.
  4. 4. bolt mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
    The driving member is rack assembly, and the rack assembly includes rack body and the rack carriage being fixedly connected,
    The rack carriage can along the wall upper surface track type movement of the latch frame,
    Include a pulling hole at the top of the rack carriage, the rack carriage can be by means of the pulling hole along described manual The motion of mounted track formula is unlocked,
    Trundle is provided with below the rack carriage, the trundle is horizontal-extending towards the transmission clutch block.
  5. 5. bolt mechanism according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
    The Part II region of the horizontal elongated hole of the manual unlocking frame includes a lozenges, the lozenges from it is described manually Unlock and extend to the boundary of Part I and Part II on the first side surface in the middle part of Part II on the second side surface of frame Place.
  6. 6. bolt mechanism according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:
    The elastic clutch pin assemblies include the first shank, middle shoulder and the second shank with lozenges, wherein described the One shank is installed on the latch frame by means of elastic component,
    The elastic clutch pin assemblies include first state and the second state,
    In said first condition, the spring of the elastic clutch pin assemblies stretches naturally, and the second shank solves manually through described Any rotation of the transmission clutch block is limited after lock frame, the middle shoulder is contained in the horizontal elongated hole of the manual unlocking frame Part II in, the lozenges in the Part II region of the lozenges of the middle shoulder and the horizontal elongated hole coordinates;
    In said second condition, the spring of the elastic clutch pin assemblies is in compressive state, and the second shank is contained in described In the Part I of the horizontal elongated hole of manual unlocking frame, end is relative to the second side surface of the manual unlocking frame is concordant or contracting Enter;
    When the manual unlocking frame moves right relative to the latch frame, in the middle shoulder and horizontal elongated hole Part II Between lozenges cooperation under, the elastic clutch pin assemblies switch to the second state from first state.
  7. 7. bolt mechanism according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:
    First side surface of the transmission clutch block is provided with angle limit groove and angle alignment pin, and the angle limit is recessed Groove, the axis hole and the angle alignment pin are on same straight line, and the axis hole is located at the angle limit groove and described Between angle alignment pin.
  8. 8. bolt mechanism according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:
    Angled locating slot is set on the manual unlocking frame, and the angle locating slot can engage the angle alignment pin.
CN201610278078.9A 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 A kind of bolt mechanism of manual unlocking Active CN105756432B (en)

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CN107140065A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-09-08 上海共佰克智能科技有限公司 Belt lock
CN112593802B (en) * 2020-10-26 2022-05-13 中国原子能科学研究院 Double-cover emergency meshing and separating mechanism

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US5636880A (en) * 1995-10-11 1997-06-10 Milocon Corporation Electronic lock
CN203924991U (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-11-05 深圳市新宇机械有限公司 Concealed intelligent remote-controlled lock and lock pin assembly thereof
CN104295161B (en) * 2014-10-15 2017-02-01 曹松祥 Safe box opening linkage mechanism with automatically retractable handle
CN204677007U (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-09-30 宁波市海希尔安防科技有限公司 A kind of electronic lock
CN205663316U (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-10-26 广东汇泰龙科技有限公司 Bolt mechanism of manual unblock

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Address after: The Eastern Industrial Park water town of Nanhai District of Guangdong Province, the 528244 Ring Road in the town of Foshan City, No. 1 Guangzhou huitailong decoration material limited company office building

Patentee after: Guangdong Huitailong Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: The Eastern Industrial Park water town of Nanhai District of Guangdong Province, the 528244 Ring Road in the town of Foshan City, No. 1 Guangzhou huitailong decoration material limited company office building

Patentee before: GUANGDONG HUTLON TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.