CN105746168B - A kind of pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud - Google Patents

A kind of pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud Download PDF

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CN105746168B
CN105746168B CN201610313982.9A CN201610313982A CN105746168B CN 105746168 B CN105746168 B CN 105746168B CN 201610313982 A CN201610313982 A CN 201610313982A CN 105746168 B CN105746168 B CN 105746168B
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terminal bud
roxburgh anoectochilus
anoectochilus terminal
pseudo
cultivation
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CN105746168A (en
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黄小云
张跃华
陈敏健
魏秀惠
曾凤英
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Tribute Herb (yongtai) Biological Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Tribute Herb (yongtai) Biological Science And Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud, including a whole set of method for managing, harvesting after base selection, base reform, site preparation, seedling pre-treatment, field planting, cultivation.The method of the present invention is suitable for the roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud pseudo-wild cultivating in southern area, especially Fujian Province, and the roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud stay in grade according to said method cultivated, content of drug effect components is high, and green, safety, can be widely applied.

Description

A kind of pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of Chinese herbal medicine cultivation, and in particular to a kind of pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud.
Background technology
Roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud(Anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall. ) Lindl.)Also known as Shorthairy Antenoron, invaluable, bird Ginseng etc. is a kind of rare rare Chinese herbal medicine, is orchid family Anoectochilus Roxburghii platymiscium, Fujian platform is civil widely to be used roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud In treating various common diseases and difficult and complicated cases, TaiWan, China more praises it as " king of Chinese medicine ", has been put into 29 kinds of TaiWan, China One of rare plant to be protected is needed, Fujian Province is also classified as provincial natural crude drugs protection kind.
Pseudo-wild cultivating belongs to natural cultivation scope, refer in the primitive environment being distributed substantially without wild target medicinal material or In similar natural surroundings, completely by the way of artificial growth, target medicinal material population is cultivated and bred, medicinal material is enable to exist It is grown in approximate wild environment.Chinese medicine pseudo-wild cultivating is natural crude drugs acquisition and the combination of the planting of medicinal materials, in being The new model of medicinal material agriculture industrialization production and operation has good development prospect.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud, the gold thread according to said method cultivated Lotus stay in grade, content of drug effect components is high, and green, safety, can be widely applied.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud, includes the following steps:
1)Base selection:Away from city, 5 more than km of industrial and mining enterprises, public place and traffic main artery, air is relatively wet for selection Degree is high, and air quality is good, has relatively abundant natural water source or level land convenient for diversion irrigation or south orientation gentle slope as cultivation base, Height above sea level is advisable with the m of 400 m ~ 800,20 DEG C of average temperature of the whole year or more(Winter extreme low temperature is -2.5 DEG C or more, January Temperature on average >=10 DEG C, July temperature on average≤27 DEG C), forest canopy density >=0.6, intensity of illumination is 2500 Lx ~ 5000 Lx, soil is using the forest humus of pH value 5.5 ~ 6.5 or the red soil through weathering;
2)Base reform:Piecemeal is carried out to cultivation base according to hayashishita condition, Shun Po takes advantage of a situation, and builds cistern, opens up Gutter in favor of spraying, draining, while opens up operation road of the width for the m of 1.0 m ~ 1.5 in woodland;If it is built in hilly and mountainous land Garden, block size will be depending on topographies, and field periphery should dig ring ditch, with profit section, draining;
3)Site preparation:It takes advantage of a situation whole furrow along slope along contour in hayashishita, it is shallow to turn over the cm of 8 cm~10, branch, tree root in furrow are rejected, Careful site preparation, the cm of wide 1.0 m of furrow~1.2 m, high 8 cm of furrow~10, furrow face are slightly tilted, and avoid ponding;Then 2 kg/m are pressed2 Amount uniformly spread last layer cultivation matrix, then flattened plot with spike-tooth harrow in furrow face;
4)Seedling pre-treatment:Seedling is cleaned with water-washing method to root and is remained without culture medium, then carries out disinfection, is cool It is dry;Miao Shiying is washed to avoid hindering seedling as possible, and reject the sick seedlings such as rotten stem, rotten leaf;
5)Field planting:One spring fraction of the year, two season of autumn are colonized, and spring, autumn was in August ~ transplanting in October in March ~ transplanting in May; Plantation the previous day must water, and dry in the shade, and it is 55% ~ 60% to keep soil moisture;By cm ~ 5 of the cm of 3 cm of seeding row spacing ~ 5 × 3 during plantation Cm is watered with root water by the seedlings of anoectochilus implantation soil after disinfection;
6)It is managed after cultivation:
A. water management:The humidity of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud planting environment is kept 65%~85%;Every 2 d of Clear Days Summer is when the morning 9 Spray after the preceding or dusk, the d of spring, autumn every 7 d~10 sprays after the dusk, the d of winter or early spring every 7 d~10 in In the afternoon it sprays when temperature is higher;Rainy season based on draining, prevents excess surface water, dry season and high temperature season can be according to soil dries Non-irrigated degree suitably increases spray timings, to keep soil relative water content as 60%~80%;
B. forest management:Using removing forest branches and leaves or with the intensity of illumination that natural scattered light is adjusted by the way of sunshade net In the Lx of 2000 Lx ~ 5000;After the neat seedling of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud, manually cut weeds;
C. animal prevention and control:Purse seine is set in plantation surrounding, prevents wild animal from encroaching on, and using rodenticide deratization, instrument It kills rats or biological mouse killing method prevents the plague of rats;
D. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:According to the plant protection policy of " putting prevention first, integrated control ", adhere to " with cultural control, physics Prevention, based on biological control, supplemented by chemical prevention " regulation principle prevented;
E. overwinter management:Roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud is covered using forest leaf-fall or using leaf of manually transplanting before frost, In order to avoid enduring cold, dead leaf is removed after the beginning of spring;
7)Harvesting:The d of 200 d ~ 230 is colonized, when plant height is up to 10 cm ~ 12 cm, fine day dew is selected to be harvested after doing, Collecting time is generally in March ~ May, October ~ December;Plant after harvesting is cleaned up with high-pressure spraying hydraulic giant, air-dried, in 60 It is slowly dried at DEG C, until moisture is 10% ~ 12%, the then moisture-proof preservation at aeration-drying;
8)Packaging:Using being vacuum-packed or fill CO2It packs, needs to carry out ultraviolet sterilization processing to product before packaging;
9)Storage:Closed storage guards against damp, is insect prevention, anti-mildew, while preventing poisonous and harmful substance from polluting;Long-term storage Freezer should be put by depositing, and storehouse temperature is controlled at 3 DEG C ~ 5 DEG C.
In this operation, step 2)The cm of 20 cm of gutter ditch depth ~ 25.
Step 3)The cultivation matrix is by after remaining bacteria stick coarse crushing after wood cultivation mushroom cultivation production, takes 100 weight Part fragment uniformly paves on a plastic film, waters to its humidity up to 50% ~ 70%, then spreads fertilizer over the fields the mixing of 10 parts by weight on it Material, then the uniform sprinkling of amount 5 times of liquid of special domestomycetes zymotic fluid by 10 mL/kg, then 15 d of lid black film fermentation, are turned over every 5 d Heap is primary;After fermentation, by tunning by weight 1:50 plant remaining bacteria stick fragment after mushroom cultivation produces with wood Mixing, then uniform, the pack by the special domestomycetes fermentation broth agitation of amount addition of 4 mL/kg(There is inner membrance), be kept in dark place 10 d ~ 15 d to obtain the final product;
The mixture is by weight 1 by corn flour and wheat bran:1 is mixed;
The seaweed amino acid leaf of the wt% of brown sugar, 3 wt% containing the wt% of 16 wt% ~ 20 in the special domestomycetes zymotic fluid ~ 5 The white-rot fungi conidia powder of the wt% of leaven and 0.07 wt% ~ 0.10;
Wherein, the g/ of the g/L of the content of organic matter in the seaweed amino acid foliar fertilizer >=160.0, seaweed acid content >=15.0 L, N+P2O5+ K2The g/L of the g/L of the g/L of O >=150.0, micronutrient levels >=20.0, water insoluble matter content≤50.0;It is described white The CFU/g of the living bacteria count of rotten fungal spore powder >=90.
Step 4)The seedling should select the cm of plant height >=4.5, and stem is thick >=0.25 cm, root system is normal, main root is sturdy, root item Number 1 ~ 3, length>1 cm, blade are unfolded, and color and luster is normal, and the number of blade of the cm of width >=2.0 is 2 ~ 5, without pest and disease damage Miao Zhu.
Step 4)Described in disinfection Shi using hymexazo and generation height by active ingredient weight ratio as 1:1 mixing after dilution 800 ~ It 1000 times, is then carried out disinfection by every ten thousand plants of seedlings using the amount of 5 kg liquids.
Step 5)Height in middle seedlings of anoectochilus implantation soil is the cm of 1.5 cm ~ 2.0.
The present invention provides including managing, harvesting after base selection, base reform, site preparation, seedling pre-treatment, field planting, cultivation A whole set of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud pseudo-wild cultivating method inside, and provide a kind of mating applicable roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud cultivation matrix, the base Matter cultivates bacteria stick with special domestomycetes zymotic fluid as primary raw material using domestomycetes, wherein, domestomycetes cultivates one side of use of bacteria stick Face can inhibit the growth of other disease fungus by antagonism or Competition, and on the other hand it is anti-to generate self for inducible plant Imperial system resume so as to reduce disease, improve plant vigor, has the function that increase roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud effective component;It is and special With the white-rot fungi in domestomycetes zymotic fluid can the degradation wood substance component such as eccrine fiber element enzyme, zytase and laccase it is extracellular Enzyme accelerates the decomposition of wood substance component in bacteria stick, promotes the breeding of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud mycorrhizal fungi, so as to reach the simulation wild shape of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud Soil-grown condition under state expands the region of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud pseudo-wild cultivating, and continuous plantation can be achieved in the same area, gram Continuous cropping obstacle is taken.
Meanwhile soil acidification can reduce buffering power of soil, and soil texture is caused to be deteriorated;Make soil alkali nutrient barren, Influence absorption of the plant to calcium, magnesium;Increased hydrogen, aluminium and manganese can also generate plant and directly poison;Even destroy in soil Microbial bacteria group structure, it is unfavorable to plant growth.Roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud grows in acidified soil and easily falls ill.Agriculturally generally use life stone Ash is adjusted, but quick lime applies the improper growth that can be destroyed edaphon Bacterial community, influence roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud villus root, and The idle of soil can not be caused to make a turn to being growing the soil application of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud.Using substrate culture provided by the present invention Roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud effectively can control and correct soil acidification problem.
The method of the present invention is suitable for the roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud pseudo-wild cultivating in southern area, especially Fujian Province, according to said method cultivates Obtained roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud stay in grade, content of drug effect components is high, and green, safety, can be widely applied.
Specific embodiment
In order to which content of the present invention is made to easily facilitate understanding, With reference to embodiment to of the present invention Technical solution is described further, but the present invention is not limited only to this.
A kind of pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud, includes the following steps:
1)Base selection:Away from city, 5 more than km of industrial and mining enterprises, public place and traffic main artery, air is relatively wet for selection Degree is high, and air quality should meet the secondary standard in GB 3095-2012, there is relatively abundant natural water source(Water quality should meet GB The regulation of 5084-2005)Or level land convenient for diversion irrigation or south orientation gentle slope be as cultivation base, height above sea level with 400 m ~ 800 m are advisable, 20 DEG C of average temperature of the whole year or more(Winter extreme low temperature be -2.5 DEG C or more, January temperature on average >=10 DEG C, July temperature on average≤27 DEG C), forest canopy density >=0.6, intensity of illumination is the Lx of 2500 Lx ~ 5000, and soil is using organic High, loose, draining good permeability the forest humus of matter content or the red soil through weathering(Soil environment quality should meet GB Secondary standard in 15618-2008), pH value is 5.5 ~ 6.5;
2)Base reform:Piecemeal is carried out to cultivation base according to hayashishita condition, Shun Po takes advantage of a situation, and builds cistern, opens up Gutter(The cm of 20 cm of gutter ditch depth ~ 25), in favor of spraying, draining, while width is opened up as the m of 1.0 m~1.5 in woodland Operation road;If in hilly and mountainous land building well, block size will be depending on topography, and field periphery should dig ring ditch, with profit section, row Water;
3)Site preparation:It takes advantage of a situation whole furrow along slope along contour in hayashishita, it is shallow to turn over the cm of 8 cm~10, branch, tree root in furrow are rejected, Careful site preparation, the cm of wide 1.0 m of furrow~1.2 m, high 8 cm of furrow~10, furrow face are slightly tilted, and avoid ponding;Then 2 kg/m are pressed2 Amount uniformly spread last layer cultivation matrix, then flattened plot with spike-tooth harrow in furrow face;
The cultivation matrix is by after remaining bacteria stick coarse crushing after wood cultivation mushroom cultivation production, and 100 parts by weight is taken to crush Object uniformly paves on a plastic film, waters to its humidity up to 50% ~ 70%, then spread fertilizer over the fields on it 10 parts by weight by corn flour with Wheat bran is by weight 1:1 mixture being mixed, then 5 times of the special domestomycetes zymotic fluid of the uniform sprinkling of amount by 10 mL/kg Liquid, then 15 d of lid black film fermentation, primary every 5 d turnings;After fermentation, by tunning by weight 1:50 plant with wood Remaining bacteria stick fragment mixing after mushroom cultivation production, then it is equal by the special domestomycetes fermentation broth agitation of amount addition of 4 mL/kg It is even, pack(There is inner membrance), the d of 10 d ~ 15 is kept in dark place to obtain the final product;
The seaweed amino acid leaf of the wt% of brown sugar, 3 wt% containing the wt% of 16 wt% ~ 20 in the special domestomycetes zymotic fluid ~ 5 The white-rot fungi conidia powder of the wt% of leaven and 0.07 wt% ~ 0.10;Wherein, the content of organic matter in the seaweed amino acid foliar fertilizer >=160.0 g/L, seaweed acid content >=15.0 g/L, N+P2O5+ K2The g/ of the g/L of O >=150.0, micronutrient levels >=20.0 L, the g/L of water insoluble matter content≤50.0;The CFU/g of the living bacteria count of the white-rot fungi conidia powder >=90;
4)Seedling pre-treatment:Selecting the cm of plant height >=4.5, stem is thick >=0.25 cm, root system is normal, main root is sturdy, root item number 1 ~ 3, length>1 cm, blade are unfolded, and color and luster is normal, and the number of blade of the cm of width >=2.0 is 2 ~ 5, without the gold thread of pest and disease damage Lotus seedling strain is as seedling;Seedling is cleaned with water-washing method to root and is remained without culture medium, Ran Hou are Jiang hymexazo and generation height by having It is 1 to imitate weight ratio of constituents:800~1000 times, after carrying out disinfection by every ten thousand plants of seedlings using the amount of 5 kg liquids are diluted after 1 mixing Airing;Miao Shiying is washed to avoid hindering seedling as possible, and reject the sick seedlings such as rotten stem, rotten leaf;
5)Field planting:One spring fraction of the year, two season of autumn are colonized, and spring, autumn was in August ~ transplanting in October in March ~ transplanting in May; Plantation the previous day must water, and dry in the shade, and it is 55% ~ 60% to keep soil moisture;By cm ~ 5 of the cm of 3 cm of seeding row spacing ~ 5 × 3 during plantation For cm by the seedlings of anoectochilus implantation soil after disinfection, implantation height is the cm of 1.5 cm ~ 2.0, and be watered with root water;
6)It is managed after cultivation:
A. water management:The humidity of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud planting environment is kept 65%~85%;Every 2 d of Clear Days Summer is when the morning 9 Spray after the preceding or dusk, the d of spring, autumn every 7 d~10 sprays after the dusk, the d of winter or early spring every 7 d~10 in In the afternoon it sprays when temperature is higher;Rainy season based on draining, prevents excess surface water, dry season and high temperature season can be according to soil dries Non-irrigated degree suitably increases spray timings, to keep soil relative water content as 60%~80%;
B. forest management:Using removing forest branches and leaves or with the intensity of illumination that natural scattered light is adjusted by the way of sunshade net In the Lx of 2000 Lx ~ 5000;After the neat seedling of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud, manually cut weeds;
C. animal prevention and control:Purse seine is set in plantation surrounding, prevents wild animal from encroaching on, and using rodenticide deratization, instrument It kills rats or biological mouse killing method prevents the plague of rats;
D. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:According to the plant protection policy of " putting prevention first, integrated control ", adhere to " with cultural control, physics Prevention, based on biological control, supplemented by chemical prevention " regulation principle prevented;
Roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud Major Diseases have stem rot and anthracnose etc., control method such as following table:
Roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud Major Pests have mollusk snail and slug, black cutworm, mite pest and prodenia litura etc., prevent Control method such as following table:
E. overwinter management:Roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud is covered using forest leaf-fall or using leaf of manually transplanting before frost, In order to avoid enduring cold, dead leaf is removed after the beginning of spring;
7)Harvesting:The d of 200 d ~ 230 is colonized, when plant height is up to 10 cm ~ 12 cm, fine day dew is selected to be harvested after doing, Collecting time is generally in March ~ May, October ~ December;Plant after harvesting is cleaned up with high-pressure spraying hydraulic giant, air-dried, in 60 It is slowly dried at DEG C, until moisture is 10% ~ 12%, the then moisture-proof preservation at aeration-drying;
8)Packaging:Using being vacuum-packed or fill CO2It packs, needs to carry out ultraviolet sterilization processing to product before packaging;
9)Storage:Closed storage guards against damp, is insect prevention, anti-mildew, while preventing poisonous and harmful substance from polluting;Long-term storage Freezer should be put by depositing, and storehouse temperature is controlled at 3 DEG C ~ 5 DEG C.
The roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud stay in grade cultivated by the method for the present invention, content of drug effect components is high, and green, safety.Through inspection It surveys, wherein polyoses content(In terms of butt)It is 6.5% ~ 12%(The % of industry reference value >=5.0), flavones content(In terms of butt)For 0.65%~0.75%(The % of industry reference value >=0.5), content of taurine(In terms of butt)It is 2.0% ~ 3.0%(Industry reference value >= 1.7%), while the content of the ingredients such as its contained alkaloid, anoectochilus roxburghii glycosides is also improved.
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, all equivalent changes done according to scope of the present invention patent with Modification should all belong to the covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
1)Base selection:It selecting away from city, 5 more than km of industrial and mining enterprises, public place and traffic main artery, relative air humidity is high, Air quality is good, has relatively abundant natural water source or level land convenient for diversion irrigation or south orientation gentle slope as cultivation base, height above sea level It is highly the m of 400 m ~ 800,20 DEG C of average temperature of the whole year or more, forest canopy density >=0.6, intensity of illumination is 2500 Lx ~ 5000 Lx, soil use forest humus of the pH value for 5.5 ~ 6.5 or the red soil through weathering;
2)Base reform:Piecemeal is carried out to cultivation base according to hayashishita condition, Shun Po takes advantage of a situation, and builds cistern, opens up draining Ditch in favor of spraying, draining, while opens up operation road of the width for the m of 1.0 m ~ 1.5 in woodland;
3)Site preparation:It takes advantage of a situation whole furrow along slope along contour in hayashishita, it is shallow to turn over the cm of 8 cm~10, branch, tree root in furrow are rejected, it is careful Site preparation, the cm of wide 1.0 m of furrow~1.2 m, high 8 cm of furrow~10, furrow face are slightly tilted, and avoid ponding;Then 2 kg/m are pressed2Amount In furrow face last layer cultivation matrix is uniformly spread, then plot is flattened with spike-tooth harrow;
4)Seedling pre-treatment:Seedlings of anoectochilus is cleaned with water-washing method to root and is remained without culture medium, then carries out disinfection, is cool It is dry;
5)Field planting:One spring fraction of the year, two season of autumn are colonized, and spring, autumn was in August ~ transplanting in October in March ~ transplanting in May;Plantation The previous day must water, and dry in the shade, and it is 55% ~ 60% to keep soil moisture;It will by the cm of the cm of the cm of 3 cm of seeding row spacing ~ 5 × 3 ~ 5 during plantation In seedlings of anoectochilus implantation soil after disinfection, it is watered with root water;
6)It is managed after cultivation:
A. water management:The humidity of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud planting environment is kept 65%~85%;Before every 2 d of Clear Days Summer is when the morning 9 or Spray after dusk, the d of spring, autumn every 7 d~10 sprays after the dusk, the d of winter every 7 d~10 in afternoon temperature compared with It sprays when high;
B. forest management:Using removing forest branches and leaves or existed with the intensity of illumination that natural scattered light is adjusted by the way of sunshade net 2000 Lx~5000 Lx;After the neat seedling of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud, manually cut weeds;
C. animal prevention and control:Purse seine is set in plantation surrounding, prevents wild animal from encroaching on, and is killed rats using rodenticide deratization, instrument Or the biological mouse killing method prevention plague of rats;
D. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:According to the plant protection policy of " putting prevention first, integrated control ", adhere to " with cultural control, physical control, Based on biological control, supplemented by chemical prevention " regulation principle prevented;
E. overwinter management:Roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud is covered using forest leaf-fall or using leaf of manually transplanting before frost, in order to avoid It endures cold, dead leaf is removed after the beginning of spring;
7)Harvesting:The d of 200 d ~ 230 is colonized, when plant height is up to 10 cm ~ 12 cm, fine day dew is selected to be harvested after doing;Harvesting Plant afterwards is cleaned up with high-pressure spraying hydraulic giant, air-dried, and is slowly dried at 60 DEG C, until moisture is 10% ~ 12%, so The moisture-proof preservation at aeration-drying;
Step 3)The cultivation matrix is by after remaining bacteria stick coarse crushing after wood cultivation mushroom cultivation production, and 100 parts by weight is taken to break It minces and uniformly paves on a plastic film, water to its humidity up to 50% ~ 70%, then spread fertilizer over the fields 10 parts by weight mixtures on it, The uniform sprinkling of amount 5 times of liquid of special domestomycetes zymotic fluid of 10 mL/kg are pressed again, then 15 d of lid black film fermentation, every 5 d turnings Once;After fermentation, by tunning by weight 1:50 plant remaining bacteria stick fragment after mushroom cultivation produces with wood mixes It closes, then uniform, the pack that by the amount of 4 mL/kg adds in special domestomycetes fermentation broth agitation, the d of 10 d ~ 15 is kept in dark place to obtain the final product;
The mixture is by weight 1 by corn flour and wheat bran:1 is mixed;
The seaweed amino acid foliar fertilizer of the wt% of brown sugar, 3 wt% containing the wt% of 16 wt% ~ 20 in the special domestomycetes zymotic fluid ~ 5 With the white-rot fungi conidia powder of the wt% of 0.07 wt% ~ 0.10;
Wherein, the g/L of the content of organic matter in the seaweed amino acid foliar fertilizer >=160.0, seaweed acid content >=15.0 g/L, N+ P2O5+ K2The g/L of the g/L of the g/L of O >=150.0, micronutrient levels >=20.0, water insoluble matter content≤50.0;The white rot is true The CFU/g of the living bacteria count of bacterium conidia powder >=90.
2. the pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 2)The gutter ditch The cm of deep 20 cm ~ 25.
3. the pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 4)The roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud kind Seedling should select the cm of plant height >=4.5, and stem is thick >=0.25 cm, root system is normal, main root is sturdy, root item number 1 ~ 3, length>1 cm, leaf Piece is unfolded, and color and luster is normal, and the number of blade of the cm of width >=2.0 is 2 ~ 5, without the seedling strain of pest and disease damage.
4. the pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 4)Described in disinfection be Active ingredient weight ratio is pressed as 1 using hymexazo and generation height:800 ~ 1000 times are diluted after 1 mixing, then uses 5 by every ten thousand plants of seedlings The amount of kg liquids carries out disinfection.
5. the pseudo-wild cultivating method of roxburgh anoectochilus terminal bud according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 5)Middle seedlings of anoectochilus The height being implanted into soil is the cm of 1.5 cm ~ 2.0.
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