CN105742695A - Lithium-ion battery and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Lithium-ion battery and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105742695A
CN105742695A CN201610278020.4A CN201610278020A CN105742695A CN 105742695 A CN105742695 A CN 105742695A CN 201610278020 A CN201610278020 A CN 201610278020A CN 105742695 A CN105742695 A CN 105742695A
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ion battery
lithium ion
lithium
battery
solvent
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CN105742695B (en
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刘立君
宋翠环
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Shenzhen Liwei Li-Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Liwei Li-Energy Technology Co Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/05Accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte
    • H01M10/052Li-accumulators
    • H01M10/0525Rocking-chair batteries, i.e. batteries with lithium insertion or intercalation in both electrodes; Lithium-ion batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/05Accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte
    • H01M10/058Construction or manufacture
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
    • H01M4/362Composites
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
    • H01M4/38Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids of elements or alloys
    • H01M4/386Silicon or alloys based on silicon
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
    • H01M4/48Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids of inorganic oxides or hydroxides
    • H01M4/483Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids of inorganic oxides or hydroxides for non-aqueous cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention discloses a lithium-ion battery and a preparation method thereof. The method comprises the following steps: adding nano SiO2 with a certain mass ratio to a negative carbon material for mixing evenly; and preparing a negative pole piece through homogenizing and coating. By an electrochemical principle, nano SiO2 is reduced into amorphous SiOx (x is smaller than or equal to 1 and greater than or equal to 0) with high lithium storage capacity in the formation charging process of the lithium-ion battery; the reduction potential for reaction is close to an SEI film formation potential; the charged state of a solid-liquid interface and the special composition structure and the apparent porosity of the generated C-SiOx negative material are changed; meanwhile, the composition and the structure of an SEI film are improved; a good battery cell microstructure is constructed for performance development of the high-energy lithium-ion battery; the energy density of the battery is improved; the rate capability of the battery is also improved; and the cycle lifetime of the battery is prolonged.

Description

A kind of lithium ion battery and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of lithium ion battery, particularly relate to a kind of lithium ion battery and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Along with being widely used of portable electric appts so that high energy lithium ion cell be developed into focus.At present, lithium ion battery negative material therefor mostly is carbon-based material, and capacity is relatively low, can not meet the demand for development of lithium ion battery high-energy, small size.And make the silicon materials with high specific capacity (4200mAh/g) receive much concern, but there is serious change in volume in battery charge and discharge process in pure silicon material, and cause pole piece efflorescence, come off, electrode active material and collector is made to lose electrical contact, affect the cycle performance of battery, time serious, also can affect battery security;And the intrinsic conductivity of silicon is less, it is 6.7 × 10-4s•cm-1, it is difficult to promote the large current density power of lithium ion battery.
There are technical research personnel by carbon negative pole material and silicon based anode material compound use, make material property maximize favourable factors and minimize unfavourable ones, prepare high-performance lithium battery, as patent CN200810154217.2 discloses the Si-SiO of a kind of nucleocapsid structurex-C-material and preparation method thereof, improves material conductivity, improves material circulation performance and specific capacity, but still can not meet and be actually needed;Patent CN201280049685.8 discloses the carbon containing Si oxide of a kind of SiO gas and carbonaceous gas codeposition, although initial charge capacity, but charge and discharge is inefficient first, cycle performance is also only the conservation rate under half-cell small area analysis situation, is unsuitable for actually used, and this reaction is reduced for high-temperature reducing gas, easily generate SiC, affect battery high rate performance, and operation is loaded down with trivial details, be unfavorable for actual production.
Therefore, prior art has yet to be improved and developed.
Summary of the invention
In view of above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of lithium ion battery and preparation method thereof, it is intended to solve existing lithium ion battery be still difficult to meet be actually needed, battery high rate performance is low and cycle performance conservation rate is low problem.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of preparation method of lithium ion battery, wherein, including step:
A, join solvent is sufficiently mixed according to 80~85:5~15:5~10 mass ratios by negative pole carbon, white carbon, bonding agent and uniformly become cathode size, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying cathode pole piece;
B, it is the ratio of 1.01-1.05 according to positive electrode capacity/capacity of negative plates, join solvent is sufficiently mixed according to the mass ratio of 80 ~ 85:5 ~ 10:7 ~ 12 by positive electrode, conductive agent, binding agent and uniformly become anode sizing agent, anode sizing agent is applied on aluminium foil, after drying, obtains anode pole piece;
C, according to different battery core designs, positive pole, cathode pole piece being cut into corresponding size, vacuum drying removes solvent and moisture, standby;
D, positive pole by standby, cathode pole piece, barrier film and electrolyte assemble lithium ion battery, stand 14 ~ 18h;
E, being melted into lithium ion battery, described chemical conversion work step is that 0.01C ~ 0.03C low current charge is charged to 3.8 ~ 4.0V to 3.2 ~ 3.6V, 0.05C ~ 0.1C, is discharged to 2.8 ~ 3.2V with 0.1 ~ 0.3C, and charge and discharge circulates 2 ~ 4 times;
F, the lithium ion battery that has been melted into is stood 5 ~ 9 days, carry out capacity, multiplying power, cycle life test, voltage tester scope 3.0V-4.2V.
The preparation method of described lithium ion battery, wherein, in step A, described negative pole carbon, white carbon, bonding agent join in solvent according to 80:10:10 mass ratio.
The preparation method of described lithium ion battery, wherein, in step A, described negative pole carbon is one or more in native graphite, Delanium, carbon black, coke, carbonaceous mesophase spherules, carbon fiber.
The preparation method of described lithium ion battery, wherein, the solvent in described step A and B is nmp solvent.
The preparation method of described lithium ion battery, wherein, in step B, the ratio of positive electrode capacity/capacity of negative plates is 1.02.
The preparation method of described lithium ion battery, wherein, in step B, positive electrode, conductive agent, binding agent join in solvent according to the mass ratio of 82:8:10.
The preparation method of described lithium ion battery, wherein, in step B, described positive electrode is one or more in cobalt acid lithium, LiMn2O4, nickle cobalt lithium manganate, nickel cobalt lithium aluminate, LiFePO4.
The preparation method of described lithium ion battery, wherein, in step D, described electrolyte is LiPF6/EC-EMC-DMC、LiAsF6/PC-EMC-DMC、LiBF4One in/MPC-EMC-DMC.
The preparation method of described lithium ion battery, wherein, in step E, described chemical conversion work step is that 0.02C low current charge is charged to 4.0V to 3.4V, 0.1C, and charge and discharge circulates 3 times.
A kind of lithium ion battery, wherein, uses the preparation method of arbitrary described lithium ion battery to be prepared from.
Beneficial effect: amorphous Si O of high storage lithium abilityx(0≤X≤1) improves the volume energy of battery, and fine and close, stable SEI film improves the cycle life of battery, rate charge-discharge performance.Compared to existing Si-C composite material, there are higher coulombic efficiency first and cyclical stability.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of lithium ion battery and preparation method thereof, and for making the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and effect clearer, clear and definite, the present invention is described in more detail below.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
Owing to lithium ion battery negative surface solid electrolyte interface film (SEI) not only affects the removal lithium embedded kinetics of electrode, have an effect on the surface stability during charge and discharge cycles, and the pattern of SEI film and composition depend on the composition of electrolyte, solid negative terminal surface composition, structure.The present invention is by Nano carbon white (SiO2) join in negative pole carbon in the cathode blending stage with certain mass ratio, mix homogeneously, coating.It is melted into the stage, by Nano-meter SiO_2 at lithium ion battery2It is reduced to the SiO with high storage lithium abilityx(0≤X≤1), owing to electrode potential and the SEI formation current potential of this reaction are close, change lithium ion battery negative surface charge state, makes the composition of negative terminal surface SEI film, structure be optimized, improve.
Specifically, the preparation method preferred embodiment of a kind of lithium ion battery of the present invention, wherein, including step:
A, join solvent is sufficiently mixed according to 80~85:5~15:5~10 mass ratios by negative pole carbon, white carbon, bonding agent and uniformly become cathode size, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying cathode pole piece;
Preferably, in step A, described negative pole carbon, white carbon, bonding agent join in solvent according to 80:10:10 mass ratio.Wherein, described negative pole carbon can be one or more in native graphite, Delanium, carbon black, coke, carbonaceous mesophase spherules, carbon fiber.Wherein, described solvent can be nmp solvent.
B, it is the ratio of 1.01-1.05 according to positive electrode capacity/capacity of negative plates, join solvent is sufficiently mixed according to the mass ratio of 80 ~ 85:5 ~ 10:7 ~ 12 by positive electrode, conductive agent, binding agent and uniformly become anode sizing agent, anode sizing agent is applied on aluminium foil, after drying, obtains anode pole piece.Wherein, described solvent can be nmp solvent.
Preferably, in step B, the ratio of positive electrode capacity/capacity of negative plates is 1.02.Described positive electrode can be one or more in cobalt acid lithium, LiMn2O4, nickle cobalt lithium manganate, nickel cobalt lithium aluminate, LiFePO4.
C, according to different battery core designs, positive pole, cathode pole piece being cut into corresponding size, vacuum drying removes solvent and moisture, standby;Preferably, at 120 DEG C, vacuum drying removes solvent and moisture.
D, positive pole by standby, cathode pole piece, barrier film and electrolyte assemble lithium ion battery, stand 14 ~ 18h;Preferably, described electrolyte can be but be not limited to LiPF6/EC-EMC-DMC、LiAsF6/PC-EMC-DMC、LiBF4One in/MPC-EMC-DMC.Such as, by standby positive pole, cathode pole piece, with Celgard 2400 For barrier film, the LiPF of 1mol/L6/ EC-EMC-DMC(EC-EMC-DMC volume ratio is 1:1:1) it is electrolyte, assemble lithium ion battery, stand 16h.
E, being melted into lithium ion battery, described chemical conversion work step is that 0.01C ~ 0.03C low current charge is charged to 3.8 ~ 4.0V to 3.2 ~ 3.6V, 0.05C ~ 0.1C, is discharged to 2.8 ~ 3.2V with 0.1 ~ 0.3C, and charge and discharge circulates 2 ~ 4 times;Preferably, described chemical conversion work step is that 0.02C low current charge is charged to 4.0V to 3.4V, 0.1C, and charge and discharge circulates 3 times.
F, the lithium ion battery that has been melted into is stood 5 ~ 9 days, carry out capacity, multiplying power, cycle life test, voltage tester scope 3.0V-4.2V.
The present invention has following technical characteristic: (1) utilizes electrochemical principle, in the formation charging stage, by Nano-meter SiO_22It is reduced to amorphous Si O with high storage lithium abilityx(0≤X≤1);(2) by Nano-meter SiO_22Mix homogeneously according to a certain percentage with conventional carbons negative material, coat cathode pole piece, make amorphous Si O of generationx(0≤X≤1) is evenly distributed in the carbon-based material conductive network with excellent conductive performance, improves material electronics conductivity, slows down SiO simultaneouslyx(0≤X≤1) bulk effect during removal lithium embedded.(3) amorphous Si O is generatedxReduction potential and SEI film to form current potential close, change solid liquid interface state-of-charge, C-SiOxThe apparent structure porosity that composite construction is special, improves the composition of SEI film, structure jointly, for the performance of high energy lithium ion cell, has built good battery core microstructure.(4) using carbon total capacity/positive electrode total capacity more than 1 during conventional cell designs, battery design of the present invention uses positive electrode total capacity/carbon total capacity to be the ratio of 1.01-1.05.(5) present invention is than directly selecting carbon and nano-silicon compound phase ratio, and cost advantage is obvious, and method is simple and easy to operate, is suitable for large-scale industrial production.
The present invention also provides for a kind of lithium ion battery, wherein, uses the preparation method of arbitrary described lithium ion battery to be prepared from.By preparation method of the present invention, prepared lithium ion battery has high battery energy density, has high battery high rate performance and service life cycle simultaneously.
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
By Delanium, white carbon (SiO2), binding agent join nmp solvent is sufficiently mixed according to 80:10:10 mass ratio and uniformly become cathode size, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying cathode pole piece;Joining to be sufficiently mixed in nmp solvent according to the mass ratio of 85:5:10 by LiFePO4, conductive agent, binding agent and uniformly become anode sizing agent, be applied on aluminium foil by anode sizing agent, obtain anode pole piece after drying, positive electrode capacity/capacity of negative plates design proportion is 1.01.Battery core is designed and sized to 8(T) × 34(W) × 50 (H) mm.With Celgard 2400 as barrier film, the LiPF of 1mol/L6/ EC-EMC-DMC(volume ratio is 1:1:1) it is electrolyte, assemble lithium ion battery, stand 16h.Being melted into lithium ion battery, chemical conversion work step is set to 0.02C low current charge and is charged to 3.9V to 3.4V, 0.1C, is discharged to 3.0V with 0.1C, and charge and discharge circulates 3 times.Lithium ion battery after chemical conversion carries out capacity, multiplying power, cycle life test, and voltage tester scope 3.0V-4.2V, test result see table 1.
Embodiment 2
By native graphite, white carbon (SiO2), binding agent join nmp solvent is sufficiently mixed according to 85:10:5 mass ratio and uniformly become cathode size, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying cathode pole piece;Joining to be sufficiently mixed in nmp solvent according to the mass ratio of 85:5:10 by nickle cobalt lithium manganate, conductive agent, binding agent and uniformly become anode sizing agent, be applied on aluminium foil by anode sizing agent, obtain anode pole piece after drying, positive electrode capacity/capacity of negative plates design proportion is 1.03.Being melted into battery, chemical conversion work step is set to 0.03C low current charge and is charged to 4.0V to 3.4V, 0.1C, is discharged to 3.0V with 0.1C, and charge and discharge circulates 2 times.Battery core size, battery assembling condition, test condition are with embodiment 1, and test result see table 1.
Embodiment 3
By carbonaceous mesophase spherules, white carbon (SiO2), binding agent join according to 80:15:5 mass ratio and nmp solvent be sufficiently mixed uniformly, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying cathode pole piece;Joining to be sufficiently mixed in nmp solvent according to the mass ratio of 85:5:10 by LiMn2O4, conductive agent, binding agent and uniformly become anode sizing agent, be applied on aluminium foil by anode sizing agent, obtain anode pole piece after drying, positive electrode capacity/capacity of negative plates design proportion is 1.05.Being melted into battery, chemical conversion work step is set to 0.01C low current charge and is charged to 3.8V to 3.4V, 0.05C, is discharged to 3.0V with 0.1C, and charge and discharge circulates 4 times.Battery core size, battery assembling condition, test condition are with embodiment 1, and test result see table 1.
Embodiment 4
By carbon black, white carbon (SiO2), binding agent join nmp solvent is sufficiently mixed according to 85:5:10 mass ratio and uniformly become cathode size, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying cathode pole piece;Joining to be sufficiently mixed in nmp solvent according to the mass ratio of 85:5:10 by cobalt acid lithium, conductive agent, binding agent and uniformly become anode sizing agent, be applied on aluminium foil by anode sizing agent, obtain anode pole piece after drying, positive electrode capacity/capacity of negative plates design proportion is 1.02.Battery core size, battery assembling condition, chemical conversion, test condition are with embodiment 1, and test result see table 1.
Comparative example 1:
Join nmp solvent is sufficiently mixed according to 90:10 mass ratio by Delanium, binding agent and uniformly become cathode size, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying, obtain cathode pole piece;The coating of iron phosphate lithium positive pole sheet, battery core size, battery assembling condition, chemical conversion, test condition are with embodiment 1, and test result see table 1.
Comparative example 2:
Join solvent is sufficiently mixed according to 90:10 mass ratio by native graphite, binding agent and uniformly become cathode size, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying, obtain cathode pole piece;The coating of nickle cobalt lithium manganate positive plate, chemical conversion are with embodiment 2, and battery core size, battery assembling condition, test condition are with embodiment 1, and test result see table 1.
Comparative example 3:
Join solvent is sufficiently mixed according to 95:5 mass ratio by carbonaceous mesophase spherules, binding agent and uniformly become cathode size, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying, obtain cathode pole piece;Lithium manganate anode slice coating chemical conversion, with embodiment 3, battery core size, battery assembling condition, test condition are with embodiment 1, and test result see table 1.
Comparative example 4:
Join solvent is sufficiently mixed according to 90:10 mass ratio by carbon black, binding agent and uniformly become cathode size, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying, obtain cathode pole piece;Lithium cobaltate cathode sheet is coated with embodiment 4, and battery core size, battery assembling condition, chemical conversion, test condition are with embodiment 1, and test result see table 1.
Comparative example 5:
Join solvent is sufficiently mixed according to 80:10:10 mass ratio by Delanium, nano silica fume, binding agent and uniformly become cathode size, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying, obtain cathode pole piece;The coating of iron phosphate lithium positive pole sheet, battery core size, battery assembling condition, chemical conversion, test condition are with embodiment 1, and test result see table 1.
Table 1, test result
1C First capacity ( mAh /g ) Charge and discharge efficiency first ( % ) 2C Capacity ( mAh /g ) 5C Capacity ( mAh /g ) 1C Circulation 500 Secondary capability retention ( % )
Embodiment 1 960 96 890 793 87.6
Embodiment 2 1100 97.8 1043 958 84
Embodiment 3 720 94.7 623 511 78
Embodiment 4 930 97 876 792 83
Comparative example 1 750 98.9 704 648 94
Comparative example 2 800 99.6 778 716 89
Comparative example 3 500 98.2 463 378 83
Comparative example 4 700 99.3 675 615 90
Comparative example 5 987 83 752 569 54.8
In sum, a kind of lithium ion battery that the present invention provides and preparation method thereof, certain mass is compared Nano-meter SiO_2 by the present invention2Join mix homogeneously in carbon material used as anode, be prepared as cathode pole piece by homogenate, coating.Utilize electrochemical principle, by Nano-meter SiO_2 during lithium ion battery formation charging2It is reduced to amorphous Si O with high storage lithium abilityx(0≤x≤1), it is close that the reduction potential of reaction and SEI film form current potential, changes solid liquid interface state-of-charge, the C-SiO of generationxComposition structure that negative material is special and apparent porosity, improve the composition of SEI film, structure simultaneously, for the performance of high energy lithium ion cell, built good battery core microstructure.The present invention not only increases battery energy density, also improves high rate performance and the service life cycle of battery.
It should be appreciated that the application of the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned citing, for those of ordinary skills, can be improved according to the above description or convert, all these modifications and variations all should belong to the protection domain of claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the preparation method of a lithium ion battery, it is characterised in that include step:
A, join solvent is sufficiently mixed according to 80~85:5~15:5~10 mass ratios by negative pole carbon, white carbon, bonding agent and uniformly become cathode size, cathode size is applied on Copper Foil, after drying cathode pole piece;
B, it is the ratio of 1.01-1.05 according to positive electrode capacity/capacity of negative plates, join solvent is sufficiently mixed according to the mass ratio of 80 ~ 85:5 ~ 10:7 ~ 12 by positive electrode, conductive agent, binding agent and uniformly become anode sizing agent, anode sizing agent is applied on aluminium foil, after drying, obtains anode pole piece;
C, according to different battery core designs, positive pole, cathode pole piece being cut into corresponding size, vacuum drying removes solvent and moisture, standby;
D, positive pole by standby, cathode pole piece, barrier film and electrolyte assemble lithium ion battery, stand 14 ~ 18h;
E, being melted into lithium ion battery, described chemical conversion work step is that 0.01C ~ 0.03C low current charge is charged to 3.8 ~ 4.0V to 3.2 ~ 3.6V, 0.05C ~ 0.1C, is discharged to 2.8 ~ 3.2V with 0.1 ~ 0.3C, and charge and discharge circulates 2 ~ 4 times;
F, the lithium ion battery that has been melted into is stood 5 ~ 9 days, carry out capacity, multiplying power, cycle life test, voltage tester scope 3.0V-4.2V.
The preparation method of lithium ion battery the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step A, described negative pole carbon, white carbon, bonding agent join in solvent according to 80:10:10 mass ratio.
The preparation method of lithium ion battery the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step A, described negative pole carbon is one or more in native graphite, Delanium, carbon black, coke, carbonaceous mesophase spherules, carbon fiber.
The preparation method of lithium ion battery the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the solvent in described step A and B is nmp solvent.
The preparation method of lithium ion battery the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step B, the ratio of positive electrode capacity/capacity of negative plates is 1.02.
The preparation method of lithium ion battery the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step B, positive electrode, conductive agent, binding agent join in solvent according to the mass ratio of 82:8:10.
The preparation method of lithium ion battery the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step B, described positive electrode is one or more in cobalt acid lithium, LiMn2O4, nickle cobalt lithium manganate, nickel cobalt lithium aluminate, LiFePO4.
The preparation method of lithium ion battery the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step D, described electrolyte is LiPF6/EC-EMC-DMC、LiAsF6/PC-EMC-DMC、LiBF4One in/MPC-EMC-DMC.
The preparation method of lithium ion battery the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step E, described chemical conversion work step is that 0.02C low current charge is charged to 4.0V to 3.4V, 0.1C, and charge and discharge circulates 3 times.
10. a lithium ion battery, it is characterised in that use the preparation method of the lithium ion battery as described in claim 1 ~ 9 is arbitrary to be prepared from.
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CN106987926A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-07-28 河北民族师范学院 Pitch based carbon fiber, preparation method and its application in lithium ion battery
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CN103857623A (en) * 2011-10-14 2014-06-11 信越化学工业株式会社 Silicon oxide for negative electrode material of nonaqueous electroltye secondary cell, method for producing same, lithium ion secondary cell, and electrochemical capacitor
CN103985846A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-08-13 西安交通大学 Carbon-loaded silica nanoparticle structure as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN104577085A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-29 李震祺 Lithium ion battery SiO negative electrode material and preparation method thereof

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CN106987926A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-07-28 河北民族师范学院 Pitch based carbon fiber, preparation method and its application in lithium ion battery
CN108400025A (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-08-14 柔电(武汉)科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of ultracapacitor
CN108400025B (en) * 2018-01-18 2019-11-15 柔电(武汉)科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of supercapacitor

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