CN105739412A - Power dispatching apparatus based on internet-of-things technology and having remote monitoring function - Google Patents

Power dispatching apparatus based on internet-of-things technology and having remote monitoring function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105739412A
CN105739412A CN201610239800.8A CN201610239800A CN105739412A CN 105739412 A CN105739412 A CN 105739412A CN 201610239800 A CN201610239800 A CN 201610239800A CN 105739412 A CN105739412 A CN 105739412A
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China
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information
assembly
charging
unit
charging pile
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CN201610239800.8A
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CN105739412B (en
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张晓晓
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Noan (Foshan) Internet of things information technology Co., Ltd.
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张晓晓
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/048Monitoring; Safety

Abstract

The invention provides a power dispatching apparatus based on internet-of-things technology and having remote monitoring function. The power dispatching apparatus comprises a power grid monitoring assembly, a charger power dispatching assembly, a charging pile assembly, a background management assembly, a charging pile monitoring assembly, a charging pile control assembly, a BMS management assembly and a positioning assembly, wherein the charging pile assembly is connected with the charging pile control assembly, the charging pile monitoring assembly, the charger power dispatching assembly and the background management assembly, the charging pile control assembly is connected with the BMS management assembly, the charging pile control assembly is wirelessly connected with the positioning assembly, the charger power dispatching assembly and the power grid monitoring assembly access to a power grid, and the charger power dispatching assembly is connected with the power grid monitoring assembly. The power dispatching apparatus realizes remote power device monitoring, and can conduct intelligent dispatching power supply of a power grid based on the internet-of-things technology.

Description

The power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things of tool remote monitoring function
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of electric power, particularly to a kind of power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function.
Background technology
Internet of Things is the important component part of generation information technology, is also the important development stage in " informationization " epoch.Its English name is: " Internetofthings (IoT) ".As its name suggests, Internet of Things is exactly the Internet that thing thing is connected.This has two-layer to look like: one, and core and the basis of Internet of Things remain the Internet, is the network of the extension on Internet basic and extension;Its two, its user side extend and extend between any article and article, carry out information exchange and communicate, namely thing thing ceases mutually.Internet of Things passes through Intellisense, identification technology communicates cognition technology with general fit calculation etc., is widely used in the fusion of network, is also therefore referred to as the third wave of world information industry development after computer, the Internet.Internet of Things is the application extension of the Internet, Internet of Things is network, not equal to Internet of Things is business and application.Therefore, application innovation is the core of Internet of Things development, is the soul that Internet of Things develops with the innovation 2.0 that Consumer's Experience is core.
Modern power network is powered necessary not only for for industry, citizen's electricity consumption, in addition it is also necessary to powering for electric automobile, electric automobile refers to vehicle power for power, drives the vehicle of wheels travel with motor.Owing to New-energy electric vehicle is with electric power for power, environmental effect is little, prospect is extensively had an optimistic view of, and also complies with novel energy strategic requirement.But, namely because New-energy electric vehicle is with electric power for power, supporting charger, namely charging station and charging pile need supporting catching up with, and not so user will be in-convenience in use the popularization of New-energy electric vehicle will be largely effected on.
Charging pile can be divided into alternating-current charging pile and direct-current charging post two kinds.Alternating-current charging pile is mounted in outside electric automobile and is connected with AC network, provides the electric supply installation of alternating current power supply for the vehicle-mounted charger of electric automobile;Direct-current charging post is fixedly mounted at outside electric automobile and is connected with AC network, it is possible to provide the electric supply installation of DC source for off-board electric automobile power battery.
Existing charging pile has billing function, but in the Internet of Things epoch of facilitation hommization, how to allow user have after to vehicle charging and better pay experience, the demand contradictory between balance citizen's electricity consumption and charging pile charging.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the present invention proposes a kind of power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function.
A kind of power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function, it includes following assembly:
Power system monitor assembly, charger power supply dispatching assembly, charging pile assembly, back-stage management assembly, charging pile monitor component, charging pile control assembly, BMS manages assembly, positioning component, alert assembly;Charging pile assembly is connected with charging pile control assembly, charging pile monitor component, charger power supply dispatching assembly, back-stage management assembly simultaneously;Charging pile controls assembly and is connected with BMS management assembly, with alert assembly, positioning component wireless connections while of charging pile control assembly;Charger power supply dispatching assembly accesses electrical network with power system monitor assembly;Charger power supply dispatching assembly is connected with power system monitor assembly;
Power system monitor assembly is for accessing the load of citizen's electricity consumption of electrical network, charging pile electricity consumption in the monitored predeterminable area of statistical analysis, receive the charging pile information that charger charging scheduling assembly sends, and obtain the maximum of charging pile access data in predeterminable area according to statistic analysis result, and accordingly electrical network electric power thus supplied is scheduling;
Charger power supply dispatching assembly is for obtaining charging pile information from charging pile assembly, and charging pile information is sent to power system monitor assembly, according to charging pile information, the charge condition of charging pile assembly is scheduling;
Electric automobile is charged by the charging control information that charging pile assembly controls assembly transmission for the schedule information sent according to charger power supply dispatching assembly and charging pile;
Charging pile monitor component is for monitoring the charging voltage information of charging pile assembly, charging current information, temperature information, ambient condition information, and above-mentioned information is sent to charging pile control assembly;
Positioning component is for being sent to charging pile assembly by the information of vehicles in traveling, battery pack information, and control the charge information of the charging pile that assembly sends for receiving charging pile;
BMS manages assembly for obtaining battery pack information to be charged, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Charging pile controls the charging that assembly generates charging pile assembly for the charging voltage information sent according to the battery pack information to be charged that receives and the information of vehicles in travelling, battery pack information and charging pile monitor component, charging current information, temperature information, ambient condition information and controls information and alert information, it is additionally operable to the charge information of charging pile is sent to positioning component, early warning information is sent to alert assembly;
Alert assembly is for carrying out early warning according to early warning information;
Back-stage management assembly is for verifying the legitimacy of user, and is charged expense mobile payment clearing after being verified.
At tool remote monitoring function of the present invention based in the power scheduling device of technology of Internet of things,
Described BMS manages assembly and includes set of cells model monitoring unit, set of cells access times monitoring unit, set of cells maintenance record unit, battery voltage current monitoring unit, battery pack temperature monitoring unit, remaining mileage predicting unit;
Set of cells model monitoring unit is for obtaining the type information of set of cells, charging specification information, and sends the model of set of cells, charging specification to charging pile control assembly;
Set of cells access times monitoring unit is for obtaining the complete discharge and recharge number information of set of cells, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Set of cells maintenance record unit is for obtaining the history maintenance record of set of cells, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Battery voltage current monitoring unit is used for obtaining voltage, current information during battery set charge/discharge, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Battery pack temperature monitoring unit is for obtaining the temperature information of set of cells, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Remaining mileage predicting unit is for carrying out vehicle range when charging terminates presetting and sending to charging pile control assembly.
At tool remote monitoring function of the present invention based in the power scheduling device of technology of Internet of things, positioning component controls assembly wireless connections with charging pile, and positioning component includes navigation route information unit, vehicle traveling information unit, location information unit, battery information acquiring unit, driving information computing unit;Driving information computing unit electrically connects with battery information acquiring unit, location information unit, vehicle traveling information unit, navigation route information unit;
Navigation route information unit is for obtaining the navigation route information of automobile in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;
Vehicle traveling information unit is for obtaining the speed of automobile, directional information in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;
Location information unit is for obtaining the positional information of automobile in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;
Battery information acquiring unit is for obtaining the battery level information of automobile in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;
Driving information computing unit is for obtaining the charging operations instruction of user, when user sends charging operations instruction, calculate obtain the charging pile assembly within the scope of continuation of the journey and arrive the expectation of each charging pile assembly expending time according to navigation route information, the speed of automobile, directional information, positional information, battery level information, and the expectation arriving each charging pile assembly is expended time in, battery level information is sent to charging pile and controls assembly.
At tool remote monitoring function of the present invention based in the power scheduling device of technology of Internet of things,
Back-stage management assembly includes identity information verification unit, voucher center, not parking payment system, charging print unit;Not parking payment system checks unit, charging print unit wireless connections with identity information simultaneously;Identity information verification unit and voucher center wireless connections;
Not parking payment system is for receiving the charging instruction of user, and charging instruction is sent to identity information verification unit, and for carrying out reimbursement of expense when charging terminates according to payment instruction, fee payment information is sent to charging print unit;
Identity information verification unit is for when receiving charging instruction, and the identity legitimacy of checking user, after identity legitimacy is verified, by payment instruction transmission to not parking payment system;
Voucher center is used for the charging expense that prestores;
Charging print unit is used for printing fee payment information.
At tool remote monitoring function of the present invention based in the power scheduling device of technology of Internet of things,
Charger power supply dispatching assembly includes charging pile information acquisition unit, information reporting unit, power supply dispatching unit;Charging pile information acquisition unit electrically connects with information reporting unit, power supply dispatching unit simultaneously;Charging pile assembly has multiple, all electrically connects with charger power supply dispatching assembly;
Charging pile information acquisition unit is used for obtaining charging pile information in connected all charging pile assemblies, described charging pile information includes the quantity of pond to be charged group, set of cells state-of-charge and set of cells controllability, obtains vehicle charging according to the quantity of pond to be charged group, set of cells state-of-charge and set of cells controllability and automobile history charge data and accesses rule information and send it to information reporting unit;
Information reporting unit is sent to power system monitor assembly for vehicle charging is accessed rule information;
Each charging pile assembly is carried out power scheduling for accessing rule information according to vehicle charging by power supply dispatching unit.
At tool remote monitoring function of the present invention based in the power scheduling device of technology of Internet of things,
Described charging pile controls assembly and includes emergency stop switch unit, charging control unit, charging switching element, lightning protection control switch element, charging voltage regulon, charging current regulon, charge information reception unit, temperature reducing unit;Charging control unit receives unit electrically connect with charging voltage regulon, charging current regulon, charge information simultaneously;
Emergency stop switch unit is for when emergency situation, controlling charging pile assembly and stop charging;
Charging switching element is used for controlling charging pile assembly and starts charging, stops charging;
Lightning protection controls switch element for when there is thunderbolt, controlling charging pile assembly and stopping charging;
The charging voltage of charging pile assembly is adjusted by charging voltage regulon for the voltage-regulation instruction according to charging control unit;
The charging current of charging pile assembly is adjusted by charging current regulon for the electric current regulating command according to charging control unit;
Charge information receives unit for receiving the charge information control instruction that user sends, the battery pack information to be charged that information of vehicles in the traveling that positioning component sends, battery pack information and BMS administrative unit send, and generate charge information control instruction according to above-mentioned information and be sent to charging control unit;
Charging control unit is for being adjusted the charging process of charging pile assembly according to charge information control instruction;
Temperature reducing unit carries out temperature adjustment for the temperature monitoring information sent according to charging pile monitor component.
At tool remote monitoring function of the present invention based in the power scheduling device of technology of Internet of things,
Described charging pile monitor component includes charging voltage collecting unit, charging current collecting unit, temperature sensing unit, mobile object monitoring unit;
Charging voltage collecting unit is for gathering the magnitude of voltage in charging pile assembly charging process, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Charging current collecting unit is for gathering the current value in charging pile assembly charging process, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Temperature sensing unit is for gathering the temperature value in charging pile assembly charging process, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Whether mobile object monitoring unit exists mobile object for around monitor in real time charging pile, and judges whether mobile object has danger, sends alarm sound when having danger.
At tool remote monitoring function of the present invention based in the power scheduling device of technology of Internet of things, charging pile assembly includes multiple first switch element, multiple DC charging unit, multiple second switch unit, multiple AC charging unit;First switch element electrically connects with DC charging unit;Second switch unit electrically connects with AC charging unit.
Implement a kind of power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function provided by the invention and have the advantages that the present invention is capable of electric device and remotely monitors, and based on technology of Internet of things, grid power can be carried out intelligent scheduling.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the power scheduling apparatus structure block diagram based on technology of Internet of things of the tool remote monitoring function of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structured flowchart that in Fig. 1, BMS manages assembly;
Fig. 3 is the structured flowchart of positioning component in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structured flowchart of back-stage management assembly in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the structured flowchart of charger power supply dispatching assembly in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the structured flowchart that in Fig. 1, charging pile controls assembly;
Fig. 7 is the structured flowchart of charging pile monitor component in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the structured flowchart of charging pile assembly in Fig. 1.
Detailed description of the invention
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function, it includes following assembly:
Power system monitor assembly, charger power supply dispatching assembly, charging pile assembly, back-stage management assembly, charging pile monitor component, charging pile control assembly, BMS manages assembly, positioning component, alert assembly;Charging pile assembly is connected with charging pile control assembly, charging pile monitor component, charger power supply dispatching assembly, back-stage management assembly simultaneously;Charging pile controls assembly and is connected with BMS management assembly, with alert assembly, positioning component wireless connections while of charging pile control assembly;Charger power supply dispatching assembly accesses electrical network with power system monitor assembly;Charger power supply dispatching assembly is connected with power system monitor assembly.
Power system monitor assembly is for accessing the load of citizen's electricity consumption of electrical network, charging pile electricity consumption in the monitored predeterminable area of statistical analysis, receive the charging pile information that charger charging scheduling assembly sends, and obtain the maximum of charging pile access data in predeterminable area according to statistic analysis result, and accordingly electrical network electric power thus supplied is scheduling.
In an embodiment, power system monitor assembly is the center monitoring assembly of interior electrical network on a large scale, the charger power supply dispatching assembly being connected with power system monitor assembly can be one, it is also possible to is multiple (based on convenient in accompanying drawings 1, only example accesses a charger charging scheduling assembly).Each charger power supply dispatching assembly according to the corresponding charging pile information of each charger power supply dispatching assembly, can be done different power schedulings by power system monitor assembly.Power system monitor assembly can gather statistics and access the load of citizen's electricity consumption of electrical network, charging pile electricity consumption in monitored predeterminable area, and the electricity consumption situation (peak of power consumption, electricity consumption are underestimated) in certain geographic range that each charger power supply dispatching assembly of different time sections is corresponding, form linear diagram, and the surplus of default electricity is reserved according to linear diagram, based on this, each charger power supply dispatching assembly is done different power schedulings such that it is able to reduce the line loss value of overall grid.Power system monitor assembly can adopt radio communication to be connected with charger power supply dispatching assembly, is attached based on more than 4G communication connection mode.
Charger power supply dispatching assembly is for obtaining charging pile information from charging pile assembly, and charging pile information is sent to power system monitor assembly, according to charging pile information, the charge condition of charging pile assembly is scheduling.The charging pile assembly electrically connected with charger power supply dispatching assembly can have one, can also be multiple.
Alternatively, as it is shown in figure 5, charger power supply dispatching assembly includes charging pile information acquisition unit, information reporting unit, power supply dispatching unit;Charging pile information acquisition unit electrically connects with information reporting unit, power supply dispatching unit simultaneously;Charging pile assembly has multiple, all electrically connects with charger power supply dispatching assembly.
Charging pile information acquisition unit is used for obtaining charging pile information in connected all charging pile assemblies, described charging pile information includes the quantity of pond to be charged group, set of cells state-of-charge and set of cells controllability, obtains vehicle charging according to the quantity of pond to be charged group, set of cells state-of-charge and set of cells controllability and automobile history charge data and accesses rule information and send it to information reporting unit.
Alternatively, the controllability of set of cells fills after including accessing soon, accesses after trickle charge, set of cells whether accept the information such as charging pile control assembly scheduling, when user selects set of cells charge mode, do not accept charging pile and control assembly scheduling, scheduling for charger power supply dispatching assembly affects bigger, therefore charging pile information acquisition unit is after the set of cells not accepting charging pile control assembly scheduling exceedes default value, concrete numerical information is sent to power supply dispatching unit, and power supply dispatching unit generates the set of cells quantity not accepting charging pile control assembly scheduling and controls information.Automobile history charge data refers to that the historical pattern of the charging that each charging pile assembly accesses selects information, and historical pattern selects information to include the information such as charging duration selection, charging interval point selection.
Information reporting unit is sent to power system monitor assembly for vehicle charging is accessed rule information.
Each charging pile assembly is carried out power scheduling for accessing rule information according to vehicle charging by power supply dispatching unit.
By stabilizing the load curve of electrical network, it is possible to reduce the peak-valley difference of electrical network electricity consumption.
Electric automobile is charged by the charging control information that charging pile assembly controls assembly transmission for the schedule information sent according to charger power supply dispatching assembly and charging pile.
Alternatively, as shown in Figure 8, charging pile assembly includes multiple first switch element, multiple DC charging unit, multiple second switch unit, multiple AC charging unit;First switch element electrically connects with DC charging unit;Second switch unit electrically connects with AC charging unit.DC charging unit can fill soon, when the charging interval is not too much required, it is possible to is charged by AC charging unit.
One corresponding switch element of charhing unit.Therefore, charging pile assembly can supply a reply automobile carry out set of cells to be charged.
Charging pile monitor component is for monitoring the charging voltage information of charging pile assembly, charging current information, temperature information, ambient condition information, and above-mentioned information is sent to charging pile control assembly.
Alternatively, as it is shown in fig. 7, described charging pile monitor component includes charging voltage collecting unit, charging current collecting unit, temperature sensing unit, mobile object monitoring unit.
Charging voltage collecting unit is for gathering the magnitude of voltage in charging pile assembly charging process, and sends it to charging pile control assembly.
Charging current collecting unit is for gathering the current value in charging pile assembly charging process, and sends it to charging pile control assembly.
Temperature sensing unit is for gathering the temperature value in charging pile assembly charging process, and sends it to charging pile control assembly.
Whether mobile object monitoring unit exists mobile object for around monitor in real time charging pile, and judges whether mobile object has danger, sends alarm sound when having danger.
Preferably, it is possible to certain height threshold value is set, child, toy etc. are divided into the dangerous mobile object of tool, it is possible to avoid Danger Electric shock risk occurring or charging pile assembly being caused damage.
Positioning component is for being sent to charging pile assembly by the information of vehicles in traveling, battery pack information, and control the charge information of the charging pile that assembly sends for receiving charging pile.
Alternatively, positioning component, as an assembly of whole charging pile device, is arranged on automobile, and positioning component controls assembly radio communication with charging pile and is connected.
Alternatively, as it is shown on figure 3, positioning component controls assembly wireless connections with charging pile, positioning component includes navigation route information unit, vehicle traveling information unit, location information unit, battery information acquiring unit, driving information computing unit;Driving information computing unit electrically connects with battery information acquiring unit, location information unit, vehicle traveling information unit, navigation route information unit.Alternatively, location information unit can be GPS navigation module.
Navigation route information unit is for obtaining the navigation route information of automobile in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;
Vehicle traveling information unit is for obtaining the speed of automobile, directional information in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;
Location information unit is for obtaining the positional information of automobile in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;
Battery information acquiring unit is for obtaining the battery level information of automobile in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;In the present embodiment, battery level information is simple compared with the BMS data managing assembly acquisition.
Driving information computing unit is for obtaining the charging operations instruction of user, when user sends charging operations instruction, calculate obtain the charging pile assembly within the scope of continuation of the journey and arrive the expectation of each charging pile assembly expending time according to navigation route information, the speed of automobile, directional information, positional information, battery level information, and the expectation arriving each charging pile assembly is expended time in, battery level information is sent to charging pile and controls assembly.
Positioning component is often only used for vehicle location and navigation by prior art, embodiment of the present invention novelty is using the positioning component part as charging pile device, by obtaining the charging operations instruction of user, when user sends charging operations instruction, according to navigation route information, the speed of automobile, directional information, positional information, battery level information calculates and obtains the charging pile assembly within the scope of continuation of the journey and arrive the expectation of each charging pile assembly expending time in, assembly is controlled by transmitting these information to charging pile, charging pile can be allowed to control the assembly set of cells data for following contingent vehicle charging, the time of advent, the situations such as charging interval length are grasped, and specific aim is scheduling.Positioning component receives charging pile and controls the service condition of the current charging pile assembly that assembly sends, such user is able to know that the service condition of each charging pile assembly, the charhing unit having which free time (includes DC charging unit, AC charging unit, can be charging gun) can use, and in the charging pile assembly being currently in use each charhing unit also need to occupied how long, aspect user can make rational planning for oneself stroke, select suitable charging place.
BMS manages assembly for obtaining battery pack information to be charged, and sends it to charging pile control assembly.
Alternatively, as in figure 2 it is shown, described BMS manages assembly includes set of cells model monitoring unit, set of cells access times monitoring unit, set of cells maintenance record unit, battery voltage current monitoring unit, battery pack temperature monitoring unit, remaining mileage predicting unit.
Set of cells model monitoring unit is for obtaining the type information of set of cells, charging specification information, and sends the model of set of cells, charging specification to charging pile control assembly.
Set of cells access times monitoring unit is for obtaining the complete discharge and recharge number information of set of cells, and sends it to charging pile control assembly.
Set of cells maintenance record unit is for obtaining the history maintenance record of set of cells, and sends it to charging pile control assembly.
Battery voltage current monitoring unit is used for obtaining voltage, current information during battery set charge/discharge, and sends it to charging pile control assembly.
Battery pack temperature monitoring unit is for obtaining the temperature information of set of cells, and sends it to charging pile control assembly.
Remaining mileage predicting unit is for carrying out vehicle range when charging terminates presetting and sending to charging pile control assembly.
Charging pile controls the charging that assembly generates charging pile assembly for the charging voltage information sent according to the battery pack information to be charged that receives and the information of vehicles in travelling, battery pack information and charging pile monitor component, charging current information, temperature information, ambient condition information and controls information and alert information, it is additionally operable to the charge information of charging pile is sent to positioning component, early warning information is sent to alert assembly.
Alternatively, as shown in Figure 6, described charging pile control assembly includes emergency stop switch unit, charging control unit, charging switching element, lightning protection control switch element, charging voltage regulon, charging current regulon, charge information reception unit, temperature reducing unit;Charging control unit receives unit electrically connect with charging voltage regulon, charging current regulon, charge information simultaneously.
Emergency stop switch unit is for when emergency situation, controlling charging pile assembly and stop charging.
Charging switching element is used for controlling charging pile assembly and starts charging, stops charging.
Lightning protection controls switch element for when there is thunderbolt, controlling charging pile assembly and stopping charging.
The charging voltage of charging pile assembly is adjusted by charging voltage regulon for the voltage-regulation instruction according to charging control unit.
The charging current of charging pile assembly is adjusted by charging current regulon for the electric current regulating command according to charging control unit.
By adjusting the charging current of charging pile assembly, charging voltage, it is possible to make charging pile assembly can meet rechargeable battery and the charging scenarios of all size.
Charge information receives unit for receiving the charge information control instruction that user sends, the battery pack information to be charged that information of vehicles in the traveling that positioning component sends, battery pack information and BMS administrative unit send, and generate charge information control instruction according to above-mentioned information and be sent to charging control unit.
Charging control unit is for being adjusted the charging process of charging pile assembly according to charge information control instruction.
Temperature reducing unit carries out temperature adjustment for the temperature monitoring information sent according to charging pile monitor component.
Alert assembly is used for carrying out early warning according to early warning information, such as high temperature early warning, and dangerous mobile object early warning.
Alternatively, temperature sensing unit is for periodically judging temperature in the charging pile assembly whether critical threshold value of warning of convergence;When the critical threshold value of warning of convergence, temperature value information is sent to temperature reducing unit, and temperature reducing unit controls one group of heat sink startup and (alternatively, arranges multiple heat sink in temperature reducing unit, temperature reducing unit can may be mounted in charging pile housing), charging pile assembly is lowered the temperature.Alternatively, heat sink can be fan or ion fan.
Whether temperature sensing unit temperature of monitoring charging pile assembly after waiting the first Preset Time reaches below safe temperature value scope, when the temperature of charging pile assembly reaches below safe temperature value scope, temperature reducing unit controls to suspend the operation of heat sink, and temperature sensing unit continues whether the programming rate of monitoring charging pile assembly exceedes preset heating rate threshold value;In the temperature of charging pile assembly not up to time below safe temperature value scope, temperature reducing unit controls to keep original heat sink continuous service simultaneously, increases the operation starting one group of heat sink.
When programming rate at charging pile assembly exceedes preset heating rate threshold value, temperature sensing unit record is from total time when suspending the critical threshold value of warning of the temperatures approach run in power distribution cabinet of heat sink temperature reducing unit, being sent to temperature reducing unit, temperature reducing unit controls one group of heat sink and starts the cooling of charging pile assembly;When the programming rate of charging pile assembly is not less than preset heating rate threshold value, temperature reducing unit controls to suspend the operation of heat sink, and whether the programming rate monitoring charging pile assembly exceedes preset heating rate threshold value.
Alternatively, charge information reception unit is additionally operable to obtain and the service condition of current charging pile assembly is sent to positioning component.
Charging pile assembly can intelligence be lowered the temperature by the present embodiment, it is to avoid because bringing too high energy consumption to the cooling of charging pile assembly.
Back-stage management assembly is for verifying the legitimacy of user, and is charged expense mobile payment clearing after being verified.
Alternatively, as shown in Figure 4, back-stage management assembly includes identity information verification unit, voucher center, not parking payment system, charging print unit;Not parking payment system checks unit, charging print unit wireless connections with identity information simultaneously;Identity information verification unit and voucher center wireless connections.
Not parking payment system is for receiving the charging instruction of user, and charging instruction is sent to identity information verification unit, and for carrying out reimbursement of expense when charging terminates according to payment instruction, fee payment information is sent to charging print unit.
Identity information verification unit is for when receiving charging instruction, and the identity legitimacy of checking user, after identity legitimacy is verified, by payment instruction transmission to not parking payment system.
Voucher center is used for the charging expense that prestores.
Charging print unit is used for printing fee payment information.The payment information that charging print unit prints can include current fee payment information, balance amount information, invoice information etc..
It is understood that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, it is possible to conceive according to the technology of the present invention and make other various corresponding changes and deformation, and all these change and deform the protection domain that all should belong to the claims in the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. having the power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things of remote monitoring function, it includes following assembly:
Power system monitor assembly, charger power supply dispatching assembly, charging pile assembly, back-stage management assembly, charging pile monitor component, charging pile control assembly, BMS manages assembly, positioning component, alert assembly;Charging pile assembly is connected with charging pile control assembly, charging pile monitor component, charger power supply dispatching assembly, back-stage management assembly simultaneously;Charging pile controls assembly and is connected with BMS management assembly, with alert assembly, positioning component wireless connections while of charging pile control assembly;Charger power supply dispatching assembly accesses electrical network with power system monitor assembly;Charger power supply dispatching assembly is connected with power system monitor assembly;
Power system monitor assembly is for accessing the load of citizen's electricity consumption of electrical network, charging pile electricity consumption in the monitored predeterminable area of statistical analysis, receive the charging pile information that charger charging scheduling assembly sends, and obtain the maximum of charging pile access data in predeterminable area according to statistic analysis result, and accordingly electrical network electric power thus supplied is scheduling;
Charger power supply dispatching assembly is for obtaining charging pile information from charging pile assembly, and charging pile information is sent to power system monitor assembly, according to charging pile information, the charge condition of charging pile assembly is scheduling;
Electric automobile is charged by the charging control information that charging pile assembly controls assembly transmission for the schedule information sent according to charger power supply dispatching assembly and charging pile;
Charging pile monitor component is for monitoring the charging voltage information of charging pile assembly, charging current information, temperature information, ambient condition information, and above-mentioned information is sent to charging pile control assembly;
Positioning component is for being sent to charging pile assembly by the information of vehicles in traveling, battery pack information, and control the charge information of the charging pile that assembly sends for receiving charging pile;
BMS manages assembly for obtaining battery pack information to be charged, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Charging pile controls the charging that assembly generates charging pile assembly for the charging voltage information sent according to the battery pack information to be charged that receives and the information of vehicles in travelling, battery pack information and charging pile monitor component, charging current information, temperature information, ambient condition information and controls information and alert information, it is additionally operable to the charge information of charging pile is sent to positioning component, early warning information is sent to alert assembly;
Alert assembly is for carrying out early warning according to early warning information;
Back-stage management assembly is for verifying the legitimacy of user, and is charged expense mobile payment clearing after being verified.
2. the power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
Described BMS manages assembly and includes set of cells model monitoring unit, set of cells access times monitoring unit, set of cells maintenance record unit, battery voltage current monitoring unit, battery pack temperature monitoring unit, remaining mileage predicting unit;
Set of cells model monitoring unit is for obtaining the type information of set of cells, charging specification information, and sends the model of set of cells, charging specification to charging pile control assembly;
Set of cells access times monitoring unit is for obtaining the complete discharge and recharge number information of set of cells, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Set of cells maintenance record unit is for obtaining the history maintenance record of set of cells, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Battery voltage current monitoring unit is used for obtaining voltage, current information during battery set charge/discharge, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Battery pack temperature monitoring unit is for obtaining the temperature information of set of cells, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Remaining mileage predicting unit is for carrying out vehicle range when charging terminates presetting and sending to charging pile control assembly.
3. the power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, positioning component controls assembly wireless connections with charging pile, and positioning component includes navigation route information unit, vehicle traveling information unit, location information unit, battery information acquiring unit, driving information computing unit;Driving information computing unit electrically connects with battery information acquiring unit, location information unit, vehicle traveling information unit, navigation route information unit;
Navigation route information unit is for obtaining the navigation route information of automobile in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;
Vehicle traveling information unit is for obtaining the speed of automobile, directional information in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;
Location information unit is for obtaining the positional information of automobile in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;
Battery information acquiring unit is for obtaining the battery level information of automobile in current driving, and sends it to driving information computing unit;
Driving information computing unit is for obtaining the charging operations instruction of user, when user sends charging operations instruction, calculate obtain the charging pile assembly within the scope of continuation of the journey and arrive the expectation of each charging pile assembly expending time according to navigation route information, the speed of automobile, directional information, positional information, battery level information, and the expectation arriving each charging pile assembly is expended time in, battery level information is sent to charging pile and controls assembly.
4. the power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that
Back-stage management assembly includes identity information verification unit, voucher center, not parking payment system, charging print unit;Not parking payment system checks unit, charging print unit wireless connections with identity information simultaneously;Identity information verification unit and voucher center wireless connections;
Not parking payment system is for receiving the charging instruction of user, and charging instruction is sent to identity information verification unit, and for carrying out reimbursement of expense when charging terminates according to payment instruction, fee payment information is sent to charging print unit;
Identity information verification unit is for when receiving charging instruction, and the identity legitimacy of checking user, after identity legitimacy is verified, by payment instruction transmission to not parking payment system;
Voucher center is used for the charging expense that prestores;
Charging print unit is used for printing fee payment information.
5. the power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that
Charger power supply dispatching assembly includes charging pile information acquisition unit, information reporting unit, power supply dispatching unit;Charging pile information acquisition unit electrically connects with information reporting unit, power supply dispatching unit simultaneously;Charging pile assembly has multiple, all electrically connects with charger power supply dispatching assembly;
Charging pile information acquisition unit is used for obtaining charging pile information in connected all charging pile assemblies, described charging pile information includes the quantity of pond to be charged group, set of cells state-of-charge and set of cells controllability, obtains vehicle charging according to the quantity of pond to be charged group, set of cells state-of-charge and set of cells controllability and automobile history charge data and accesses rule information and send it to information reporting unit;
Information reporting unit is sent to power system monitor assembly for vehicle charging is accessed rule information;
Each charging pile assembly is carried out power scheduling for accessing rule information according to vehicle charging by power supply dispatching unit.
6. the power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that
Described charging pile controls assembly and includes emergency stop switch unit, charging control unit, charging switching element, lightning protection control switch element, charging voltage regulon, charging current regulon, charge information reception unit, temperature reducing unit;Charging control unit receives unit electrically connect with charging voltage regulon, charging current regulon, charge information simultaneously;
Emergency stop switch unit is for when emergency situation, controlling charging pile assembly and stop charging;
Charging switching element is used for controlling charging pile assembly and starts charging, stops charging;
Lightning protection controls switch element for when there is thunderbolt, controlling charging pile assembly and stopping charging;
The charging voltage of charging pile assembly is adjusted by charging voltage regulon for the voltage-regulation instruction according to charging control unit;
The charging current of charging pile assembly is adjusted by charging current regulon for the electric current regulating command according to charging control unit;
Charge information receives unit for receiving the charge information control instruction that user sends, the battery pack information to be charged that information of vehicles in the traveling that positioning component sends, battery pack information and BMS administrative unit send, and generate charge information control instruction according to above-mentioned information and be sent to charging control unit;
Charging control unit is for being adjusted the charging process of charging pile assembly according to charge information control instruction;
Temperature reducing unit carries out temperature adjustment for the temperature monitoring information sent according to charging pile monitor component.
7. the power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that
Described charging pile monitor component includes charging voltage collecting unit, charging current collecting unit, temperature sensing unit, mobile object monitoring unit;
Charging voltage collecting unit is for gathering the magnitude of voltage in charging pile assembly charging process, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Charging current collecting unit is for gathering the current value in charging pile assembly charging process, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Temperature sensing unit is for gathering the temperature value in charging pile assembly charging process, and sends it to charging pile control assembly;
Whether mobile object monitoring unit exists mobile object for around monitor in real time charging pile, and judges whether mobile object has danger, sends alarm sound when having danger.
8. the power scheduling device based on technology of Internet of things having remote monitoring function as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that
Charging pile assembly includes multiple first switch element, multiple DC charging unit, multiple second switch unit, multiple AC charging unit;First switch element electrically connects with DC charging unit;Second switch unit electrically connects with AC charging unit.
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