CN105739345B - A kind of aquafarm bank base monitoring system - Google Patents

A kind of aquafarm bank base monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105739345B
CN105739345B CN201610284349.1A CN201610284349A CN105739345B CN 105739345 B CN105739345 B CN 105739345B CN 201610284349 A CN201610284349 A CN 201610284349A CN 105739345 B CN105739345 B CN 105739345B
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control
module
data
monitoring
bank base
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CN105739345A (en
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李培良
陈栋
李欣
刘子洲
陈鹏
李琳
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Zhoushan Haihui Marine Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Zhoushan Haihui Marine Science & Technology Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of aquafarm bank bases to monitor system, belongs to marine technology field.The present invention includes bank base control system, sea bed observation platform, monitoring control centre and submarine cable, sensing data and seabed live video pass through after sea bed observation platform integrates by cable transmission to bank base control system, bank base control system sends data to monitoring control centre, and the instruction of monitoring control centre successively reaches down bank base control system and sea bed observation platform and realizes long-range control.The present invention solves submarine system integrated energy for giving data transmission problems by design sea bed observation platform, laying seabed communication cable, realizes to the long-term, real-time, online, stable of the ocean essentials such as ecological environment, automatic monitoring.

Description

A kind of aquafarm bank base monitoring system
Technical field
The invention belongs to marine technology fields, especially have cable online observation system related with a kind of aquafarm bank base.
Background technique
Exploitation marine resources, Development of Marine economy are increasingly becoming coastal various countries' key pillars of the national economy, however While bringing great economic benefit, the exploitation of contemporary ocean also brings a series of ecological environment and resource problem.The mankind Fishery resources especially near-coastal resources have been made to face exhaustion, world ocean fishery resources the predation formula fishing of marine fishery resources Catchability has been greatly limited, and from the point of view of the development trend of Modern Fishery, the fishery of resource management type will be new century sea The Main way of foreign Fisheries Development, and aquafarm is then one of the major way of resource management type fishery.
Large-sized artificial fishing ground, the side hair of aquafarm are put in a suitable place to breed as a kind of novel planned purposeful marine fishes and shrimps shellfish The mode that side is administered increasingly obtains global highly recognition and commendation, the aquafarm since last century the nineties Development is more and more paid attention to, and countries in the world also push this novel sea development scheme energetically.
At the same time, it during Development of Marine pasture, is practised for aquafarm ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING, biological motion state Property monitoring etc. a series of high-new corollary equipment in oceans also increasingly paid attention to.
Currently, be based partially on buoy platform about aquafarm water quality ecological environment real time monitoring system, based on vehicle Disposing implementation about benthon environmental monitoring system.Although the project of related aquafarm construction is just continuous both at home and abroad Investment construction and application, but it is directed to the water quality ecological online environment monitoring of aquafarm sea situation and demand, especially underwater people The research of work fishing bank ambient enviroment video monitoring and application also relatively lag behind, and can not be provided with to aquafarm sustainable health development Technical support is imitated, the following aspects is mainly reflected in:
Part short distance aquafarm monitoring water quality on line system relies on merely traditional maritime affairs buoy, can only monitor the water surface Environmental element, Gao Jianshe, operation and maintenance cost make most aquafarms also and cannot achieve online for a long time to seabed Monitoring, but aquafarm cultivation development is highly desirable to online stable seabed monitoring element parameter;
In addition to part water quality, hydrologic monitoring element, the movement to underwater artificial fishing bank ambient enviroment and biology cannot achieve The monitoring of the long-term live video of state and life habit;
Design in terms of instrument extension, equipment of traditional ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING system considers that deficiency, system can expand Malleability is poor, and modularization is insufficient, be easy to cause secondary overlapping development.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention is intended to provide a kind of aquafarm bank base monitor system, specifically for offshore 0~ 10Km short distance aquafarm, compared to the monitoring system such as traditional maritime affairs buoy, the present invention carries out modularization management, over all Integration degree It is higher, independence is stronger, more flexible and convenient, versatility, scalability, reliability have certain technical advantage, Most aquafarm monitoring requirements can be met well, truly realizing can to aquafarm ecological environment Depending on, can survey, controllably.
For this purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a kind of aquafarm bank base monitors system, including bank base control system System, sea bed observation platform, monitoring control centre and submarine cable, sensing data and seabed live video pass through the seabed By cable transmission to the bank base control system after observation platform is integrated, bank base control system transmits it to the monitoring Control centre, the instruction of monitoring control centre successively reach down bank base control system and sea bed observation platform and realize long-range control.
As supplement to above-mentioned technical proposal and perfect, the invention also includes following technical characteristics.
The bank base control system is arranged as energy supply and information terminal in bank base or specific island base;It is logical It crosses alternating current and provides power supply for sea bed observation platform, recycle the data of sea bed observation platform, and feed back to the monitoring control Center processed, bank base control system are responsible for forwarding monitoring control centre's control instruction to sea bed observation platform simultaneously.
The bank base control system includes power supply module, control module and data transmission module.Power supply module is seabed Observation platform provides energy resource supply;Information between sea bed observation platform and monitoring control centre is carried out transfer by control module, It is responsible for sensing data and control instruction forwards;Data transmission module passes through the communication modulation that uses in pairs with sea bed observation platform Unit establishes underwater transparency network waterborne, and seabed vision signal and data-signal are forwarded to monitoring control centre.
The sea bed observation platform is as a universal sensor carrying platform, including underwater framework, control sealing Cabin and observation instrument, control sealed compartment are internally integrated data acquisition control system, and observation instrument is by including signal wire and power The watertight cable access control sealed compartment of line, is fixed on jointly on underwater framework.
The observation instrument includes CTD sensor, chlorophyll probe, dissolved oxygen probe, underwater camera, LED light and On-line corrosion monitoring instrument, observation instrument can be adjusted according to aquafarm actual monitoring demand dynamic.
The data acquisition control system uses distrbuted management and modularized design, including power supply module, master From control module, sensor module, video processing module, the observation instrument respectively corresponds respective sensor module, root Independent control module is separately designed according to institute's carry sensor device, each instrument is mutually distributed isolation, it will not be because of an instrument Electric leakage, the operation irregularity of device or a part and influence whole system work.
The power supply module is responsible for submarine cable access voltage carrying out decompression conversion and internal allocation processing;Principal and subordinate's control Molding block is responsible for each sensor module management and control;Each sensor module and integrated carrying equipment correspond, and are responsible for sensing The conversion of device device protocol and power management;Video processing module is responsible for video compression coding and the processing of RTMP plug-flow.
The control sealed compartment includes radiating area and grid regions, and the radiating area installs high power consumption circuit board, including Main power source management board, CTD sensor board, camera shooting head plate, LED board, corrosometer control panel and communication modulation module, grid regions installation Low consumption circuit plate, including ARM control panel, interchanger, encoder plate, the high power consumption circuit board on radiating area pass through metal covering of the fan It is close to control cabinet barrel and end cap and seawater forms heat-radiation loop.
The underwater framework is formed using 316L stainless steel processing and fabricating, and platform appearance is in triangular pyramidal, and quadrangle is needle-shaped Structure, and upper layer and lower layer independent design is used, the CTD sensor, chlorophyll probe, dissolved oxygen probe, underwater camera, LED light, on-line corrosion monitoring instrument and control sealed compartment are installed on underwater framework, the anti-trawlnet of periphery hood guard of underwater framework, It can reduce and be blown down by fishing net etc. is dilatory to a certain extent.
The monitoring control centre includes real time data monitoring platform, resource data shares website, net cast pushes And memory module;
The real time data monitoring platform includes power management module, sensor management module, data management module, event Hinder management module, is responsible for the management of sensor remote power supply and sampling configuration, real-time sampling and status data monitoring etc.;
The resource data shares website and is responsible for interacting with real time data monitoring platform, is monitored data and live view The specific functions such as take place frequently the basic functions such as cloth, storage inquiry, and Data Post, precaution alarm differentiate, and to future observation element value Carry out the extension function such as numerical forecast;
The net cast push and memory module are responsible for the live streaming of seabed live video Network Synchronization, history program request and standby Part storage etc..
The cable includes being filled by signal wire and power line by gasket for packing, then tied up by strapping, strapping Outer layer sets gradually inner sheath, steel wire organization level and oversheath by interior outward, and every group of line passes through insulating layer by two conductors respectively Multiple twin is wrapped up with PP belt after insulation and gasket for packing filling forms.
It can achieve following using the present invention the utility model has the advantages that the present invention is logical by design sea bed observation platform, laying seabed News cable solves submarine system integrated energy for giving data transmission problems, realizes the length to ocean essentials such as ecological environments Phase, real-time, online, stable, automatic monitoring;The present invention realize to aquafarm ecological environment it is visual, can survey, controllably: The live video of motion state and life habit i.e. to underwater observation system and underwater artificial fishing bank ambient enviroment and biology is supervised Control;To the parameters real time on-line monitoring such as the dissolved oxygen in aquafarm seabed, chlorophyll, temperature, salinity, water level, ocean current, wave; The remote real_time control of instrument is carried to seabed, long-range adjustment Instrument working state and data acquire the frequency as needed;System Modularized distribution type design: by a kind of more reliable and stable, and the sensor moduleization with good scalability integrates hand Section -- universal sensor platform, i.e., reserved sufficient equipment interface, may be implemented seamless access for the sensor of distinct interface System, compares convenient for same parameters difference index instrument access platform and the ocean environment observations such as later period extension installation nutritive salt are set It is standby.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structure connection diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is that the structure of sea bed observation platform of the present invention shows schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is sea bed observation platform data acquisition control system inner topology schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is construction of cable schematic diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Embodiment: as shown in Figure 1 to 4, the present invention includes bank base control system 2, sea bed observation platform 3 and monitoring control Center 1, sensing data and seabed live video pass through after sea bed observation platform 3 integrates by cable transmission to bank base control system 2, bank base control system 2 sends data to monitoring control centre 1, and the instruction of monitoring control centre 1 successively reaches down bank base control System 2 and sea bed observation platform 3 simultaneously realize long-range control.Bank base control system 2 combines mode with UPS using alternating current and carries out electricity Power supply carries out data using submarine cable and ground network and instruction is transmitted.Stable system performance is reliable, by Oceanic disasters Etc. extreme weathers influence it is smaller, the steady operation of system can be kept under the adverse circumstances such as long-term greasy weather or larger stormy waves.
Bank base control system 2 is typically deployed at bank base according to actual observation demand as energy supply and information terminal Or specific island base, it is that sea bed observation platform 3 provides power supply, and is responsible for the number of recycling sea bed observation platform 3 by alternating current According to, complete data quality control after report control centre.Correspondingly, bank base control system 2 is responsible for forwarding head center simultaneously Control instruction is to sea bed observation platform 3.In addition, being used in submarine observation network system to guarantee that energy resource supply is reliable and stable Alternating current and commercialized ups power, it is ensured that long-term, stable, the reliable power supply state of system.The long range of consideration it is underwater The transmission of electric power, bank base control system 2 are the power supply for the direct current 380V that underwater power uses.Bank base control system 2 includes power supply The part such as module, control module, data transmission module forms.Wherein power supply module is responsible for passing through 220V/380V AC/DC voltage Conversion module is that sea bed observation platform 3 provides energy resource supply;PC104 control module is then controlled in sea bed observation platform 3 and monitoring Play a part of information transfer between center 1, is responsible for sensing data and control instruction forwards;Data transmission module then passes through The modulation module used in pairs with sea bed observation platform 3 establishes waterborne and underwater transparency transmission network, to be responsible for regarding in seabed Frequency signal and data-signal are forwarded to by global network monitors control centre 1.
Sea bed observation platform 3 is that bank base has cable ocean environment observation system core part, is to complete marine environment to supervise in real time It surveys, the key of seabed live video monitoring.It here, can basis by providing a kind of universal type modular sensor carrying platform Different application demand adjustment access sensor, is mainly responsible for the power supply and data acquisition control of each observation instrument 31, in addition completes Raw video signal is compressed, the processing such as plug-flow.
It is divided according to functional module, sea bed observation platform 3 is mainly including underwater framework 33, control sealed compartment 32, observation Instrument 31, wherein control sealed compartment 32 is internally integrated data acquisition control subsystem, observation instrument 31 (is included by watertight cable Signal wire and power line) access control sealed compartment 32, it is fixed in underwater components jointly.
According to Project design mission requirements, observation instrument 31 is mainly integrated to carry CTD sensor, chlorophyll probe, dissolution Oxygen probe, underwater camera head etc..Furthermore underwater LED lamp and on-line corrosion monitoring instrument are carried, sea bed observation platform 3 can be assisted Lay and provide maintenance reference, the compensation of auxiliary camera night.
Data acquisition control system is located inside sea bed observation platform control cabinet, design fully consider system high stability, The demands such as high reliability, expansible use for reference the mature technology and automotive electronics mature technology of 863 submarine observation networks, integrated control System uses distrbuted management, modularized design, separately designs independent control module for institute's carry sensor device, Each instrument is mutually distributed isolation, will not because of an instrument or a part electric leakage, operation irregularity and influence whole System work.Each instrument and equipment replacement is easy to maintain, can individually update replacement, can adjust access according to practical application request and pass Sensor only needs a small amount of test installment work in upgrading.
Sea bed observation platform 3 is used as a universal sensor carrying platform, using international underwater electrical connector, tool There is the general international standard watertight interface of plug and play, can easily extend other parameters or updates the same monitoring parameters of substitution Different model instrument and equipment, 3 maximum power 100W of sea bed observation platform, accesses instrument and equipment 5, while reserved 3 connect at present Mouthful, future can extend to 16~32.
As shown in figure 3, power management, control and data that data acquisition control system is mainly responsible for each observation instrument 31 are adopted Collection, fusion;It is connect with platform control system and carries out information transmission;Raw video signal compression with plug-flow processing etc., mainly by Power supply module, master & slave control module, each sensor module, video processing module composition.
Wherein power supply module is responsible for submarine cable access voltage carrying out decompression conversion, and needs to carry out according to internal applications Voltage allocation processing.System mainly includes two parts: voltage conversion function part and voltage distribution function part.Voltage conversion Function: it is responsible for supplying submarine cable to 380V DC voltage, be converted by+380V/+48V DC/DC voltage, output+48V voltage It is inputted as control cabinet internal circuit board;Voltage distribution function: defeated according to each control circuit board difference for+48V voltage input Enter voltage, progress+48V/+24V DC/DC (interchanger) ,+48V/+5V DC/DC (ARM plate), multichannel+48V are in parallel respectively (passes Sensor control panel) etc. outputs conversion.
Principal and subordinate is controlled module and is communicated by Field Bus CAN with sensor module, is responsible for sensor module management and control, holds Sensing data dissection process is carried on a shoulder pole, is the key that entire management system control core part and stable operation.In order to which guarantee can By property, mainly it is made of the main control module of dual redundant with from module.
Sensor module and integrated carrying equipment correspond, and are responsible for sensor power supply management and data protocol is converted.It passes The way to manage of sensor module, which was extended and updated in the system later period, has very big flexibility, and each intermodule software and hardware is set Count similar, the hardware main distinction is to adjust DCDC Voltage stabilizing module, including CTD sensor according to carry instrument and equipment voltage power consumption Module (+48V/+12V DC/DC 6W), chlorophyll probe (+48V/+12V DC/DC 2W), dissolved oxygen probe (+48V/+12V DC/DC 2W), camera (+48V/+12V DC/DC 20W), LED light (+48V/+24V DC/DC20W) etc..
Sensor module includes that power management control panel and CAN communication protocol conversion plate two parts form, and is by that can expand The CAN bus protocol converter of exhibition and the DC/DC converter design for being adapted to different sensors supply voltage are realized, can be compatible with The common interface sensors such as digital quantity (RS232, RS485 etc.), analog quantity are responsible for for different sensors interface data being converted to CAN data forwarding.
Underwater Camera accesses control cabinet by the coaxial underwater sealed cable of SUBCONN, main integrated including power supply line, control Line, video line, data acquisition control system carry out power management and control to it by CAN sensor module, that is, utilize SONY The basic parameters such as VISCA protocol integrated test system camera digital zoom, focusing, white balance, brightness, aperture, gain, backlight compensation are set It sets, the work such as video compress, plug-flow is then in addition handled by video processing module.
Video processing module is mainly made of SD/HD-SDI high definition encoder, and camera exports HD-SDI original video letter Number (1920*1080) accesses encoder input terminal, and encoder carries out compression processing according to H.264 encryption algorithm, and passes through exchange Compressed video signal progress plug-flow processing is uploaded to video according to RTMP video stream protocol by machine and communication modulation module network Node server, to realize seabed live video network direct broadcasting.
It controls seal chamber and uses titanic alloy machining, design pressure resistance 6MPa, strictly by National Bureau of Oceanography's standard metering The voltage-withstand test of the heart is tested, and forms dependence test report, and underwater 10 years projected lives may be implemented.
In view of biosensor power consumption difference, control sealed compartment 32 is designed using only before and after fan-shaped radiating area and common grid regions Meter is erected, wherein radiating area installs high power consumption circuit board, is close to control cabinet barrel by metal covering of the fan and is formed with end cap and seawater Low consumption circuit plate is then installed in heat-radiation loop, general area.It is integrated according to system and carries sensor, the installation of watertight compartment general area ARM control panel, interchanger, encoder plate;Radiating area mainly installs main power source management board, CTD sensor board, camera shooting head plate, LED Plate, corrosometer control panel, communication modulation module etc..In addition, sensor is extended integrate it is more convenient, inside watertight compartment Circuit board and end cap underwater electrical connector layout are as can be seen that internal still have certain excess room, and the later period is according to true extension Using needs, increase or reduce respective sensor module, such as multi-parameter water quality instrument, fluid velocity profile instrument.
The 33 size 1.2m*1.2m*1.2m of underwater framework of sea bed observation platform 3, weight 150Kg in water, is mainly responsible for 6 A observation instrument 31 and underwater sealing chamber integrate, and the safety for carrying out sea bed observation platform 3 lays and recycles, and equally also hold The submarine cable of the connection of watertight cable and Communication power Transmission system between loading system.Underwater framework 33 is whole to use 316L not Become rusty steel processing and fabricating, and platform appearance uses upper layer and lower layer independent design, intermediate 20cm in triangular pyramidal, quadrangle acicular texture Interval can prevent component from causing mud to be saturated with measurement error caused by sensor in the sagging of mud area, and observation instrument 31 has There is independent fixed position, mainly install and fix in top base layer, the anti-trawlnet of platform cover can reduce quilt to a certain extent Fishing net etc. is dilatory to be blown down.
In addition, for the sensor for needing vertical section to measure, above component using universal joint often/flatrack fixes, i.e., Make also to can guarantee fluid velocity profile instrument straight up in the biggish region of the gradients such as page base rock (in principle not higher than 20 degree).And it is each Instrument and equipment is isolated with component using nylon spacer, while component equips anode loss protection, greatly prolongs service life. Component whole design size is fixed flow rate in future section plotter, wave on the basis of meeting fixed current instrument and equipment Instrument, multi-parameter water quality instrument have reserved enough fixed spaces.
Observation instrument 31 is the core component completed aquafarm marine environment and have cable to observe in real time.Complete aquatic environment and The real-time observation of hydrodynamic environment, meet aquafarm basic parameter obtain on the basis of, future can extend measurement ocean current, The drive marines parameter such as wave provides for work such as monitoring, the forecast of sea environment-friendly and forecast department and enriches reliable data branch Support.The factor of comprehensive various aspects, selects instrument below as the instrument of main choosing: Hydrocat SBE63CTD (visit by band dissolved oxygen Head), ROS C600 camera, Germany TriOS MicroFlu-chl fluorimeter, C-Tecnics company CT4003LED lamp source, oneself Main R & D design on-line corrosion monitoring instrument.
Submarine cable has the special design processing customization of cable observation for shallow sea, and cable density is greater than density of sea water, is laid in Seabed surface is mainly responsible for for connecting sea bed observation platform 3 and pier control system and solves submarine observation power supply With offer data transmission channel.
(1) by both ends modulation /demodulation module, underwater local area network transparent network waterborne is realized, by the number of sea bed observation platform 3 According to video signal transmission to platform control system;
(2) by the way that pier control system distribution energy is supplied to sea bed observation platform 3.
Wherein, submarine cable includes the composition such as restrictive coating, steel wire braid, shielded layer, 2 signal wires, 2 power lines, Internal fill insulant, wherein signal wire is used for transmission the full duplex electric signal of 5Mbps or so, and power line is used for transmission+48V DC voltage, as shown in figure 4, its structure and technical indicator are as follows:
(1) conductor thread core: 4 bursts of essences are twisted into art anticorrosion tin copper wire;
(2) conductor structure: being layered boundling after the pairs of structure of multiple twin, meets second of circle of GB/T3956 or presses twisted Circular configuration;
(3) it insulate: the polyethylene extrusion insulating layer outside conductor, and the minimum thickness of any point of insulating layer is not less than regulation The 90% of nominal value;
(4) color: black, white, coupling, brown four colo(u)r streak core color markings;
(5) lapping structure: anti-kink structure layering;Packet type gap filling;
(6) around packaging material: polytetrafluoroethylene material;
(7) it shields: steel wire braiding, 90% or more density;
(8) inner sheath: modified low viscosity strength squeezes inner sheath;
(9) oversheath: high density density polyethylene is extruded, surface-brightening, uniform color, cross section is without the visible gas of eyesight Hole, sand holes;
(10) stranding is filled: being filled two signal core strandings and with gasket for packing, there have on combination core to be suitable Strapping;It by the stranding again of the core after stranding, and is filled with gasket for packing, stranding lay ratio is not more than 30 times;
(11) projected life: 30 years
It monitors control centre 1 and high-performance server is installed, it is soft by running a series of interactive softwares and background application Part carries out routine maintaining operations, this mainly includes that real time data monitoring platform, resource data share website, net cast push With the several parts of storage, realization monitoring data are received, stored, pre-processing and the functions such as video decoding, storage, network direct broadcasting.
In addition, monitoring control centre 1 is responsible for and province ocean under the general frame of ocean and Fishery's informationization " figure " The fishery Room and province's money leading departments' line online observation information such as tube hub carry out later data and summarize with analysis etc., thus right Aquafarm ecological condition carries out forecasting and warning, and builds to aquafarm and provide instruction.
Real time data monitoring platform integrates each aquafarm observation website, is responsible for completing system remote management control, mainly Including sensor power supply management and data acquisition, real-time sampling and status data monitoring etc..Can sets itself alarm parameters, band goes through History curve chart, can check real time data and historical data, friendly interface, strong operability.Changing monitoring platform includes power supply pipe Manage module, sensor management module, data management module, fault management module etc..
(1) power management module: for design PowerOn, PowerOff instruction of each aquafarm sensor probe, when holding When row power management, redundancy DC/DC is selected, remote control sensor powers on/off;Monitor instruction is designed, when the state of execution When monitoring, current feedback voltage temperature value is acquired in real time.
2) sensor management module: design typical module and two kinds of self-defined pattern: typical module, under presetting once Multiple groups instruction is sent out, sampling configuration directly is carried out to sensor;Self-defined pattern issues execution by teleinstruction one by one, flexibly Define sensor sample scheme.
(3) it data management system module: by establishing long connection with platform control system, receives, parsing, storage, show Sensor original sampling data, and in resource-sharing website real-time release and back-end data library backup.
(4) fault management module: the mechanism such as design suspension reconnection, overtime repeating transmission, distinct feed-back guarantee aquafarm website System remote manages stability;Real-time monitoring website carries instrument operating voltage temperature, platform accumulator charging/discharging process, seabed The states such as 3 corrosion of component situation of observation platform, and carry out exception and timely respond to handle.
Resource-sharing website is responsible for interacting with real time data monitoring platform, and it is a series of to carry out data publication, information integration etc. Later period extends function, for aquafarm administrative staff and ordinary user's online access.The website has aquafarm monitoring data The basic functions such as real-time exhibition publication, storage inquiry, the specific functions such as Data Post, precaution alarm differentiation, and to future observation Element value carries out the extension function such as numerical forecast.The part is carrying out website deployment at present, pipe office puts on record, researches and develops test rank Section.
(1) data are shown: the main environmental elements parameter and live video of real-time display aquafarm website;
(2) data query: including current data and historical data;
(3) data store: including monitoring data and work log backup storage record;
(4) data processing: certain batch monitoring data are post-processed, with list, curve in effective time sequence The modes such as figure are shown;
(5) early warning differentiates: according to user demand, the precaution alarm critical value of data monitoring frequency and data is arranged, according to instrument Device state parameter or data early warning report.
Video network live streaming and storage
(1) sub-sea bottom net cast: RTMP net cast is built using Adobe FMS3.5 or Wowza Server Server decompresses simultaneously the pushed RTMP video flowing of 3 encoder of network direct broadcasting sea bed observation platform, it is contemplated that network bandwidth and service Device performance, province's fishery Room, province's money tube hub, aquafarm administrative staff, ordinary user use with monitoring control centre 1 using friendship Seabed live video is checked in mutual response mode, program request.
(2) monitor video live streaming waterborne: the RTSP server and microwave transmission being internally integrated by pier camera Link maps forwarding, server background administrative staff carry out video monitoring and long-range control by client software, are imaged The management functions such as head cradle head control, cruise, detecting.
(3) video storage backup: video storage software independently record underwater video waterborne, according to as unit of hour, with 1GB size is that unit carries out file backup, for post-production editing publicity, examination etc..
This field is monitored specifically for aquafarm ecological environment on-line monitoring, biological motion state habit fact, it can It is widely used in the guidances such as following aquafarm ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING construction.The design fully considers at present aquafarm water both at home and abroad Matter monitors implementation method on-line, versatility, reliability, in terms of all there is very high advantage, can satisfy big absolutely The needs of most aquafarms.
Truly realize to coastal ocean pasture ecological environment it is visual, can survey, controllably;
The whole series have the online solution of cable is expansible to be applied to other similar monitoring requirements, avoid repetition and carry out similar grind Send out work;
As general sensor device carrying platform, abundance interface is reserved, the extension of later period instrument is taken into account and is compared with equipment Deng application,
In addition, the construction for propulsion " marine silo ", constructs " internet+aquafarm " system, aquafarm is ensured Production safety, push aquafarm construction continue, develop in a healthy way, accelerate aquafarm area System Construction of Ecological Security, be Aquafarm scientific management and decision provide technical basis.
Sea bed observation platform 3 of the present invention uses Field Bus CAN distributed control mode, provides a kind of more reliable steady Fixed, the sensor moduleization with good scalability integrates means, has flexible expansion other parameters or updates the same prison of substitution Parameter different model instrument and equipment is surveyed, and fault point is isolated, single instrument node will not influence total system normal work extremely; Submarine cable is responsible for transmission 380V DC voltage and 5.6Mbps data by connection bank base control system 2 and submarine observation system Signal really solves oceanographic observation continuous energy for giving high band wide data transmission problem;Pass through integrated underwater camera, coding Device devises a whole set of live broadcast to aquafarm seabed live video, and can using cable transmission video compress signal Program request is carried out whenever and wherever possible to check;Dynamic power management remotely is carried out to underwater instrument device node by monitoring control centre 1 With control, and by system mode, monitoring data, live video Network Synchronization publication and show.
The above shows and describes the basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of aquafarm bank base monitors system, for offshore 0~10Km short distance aquafarm, it is characterised in that: including Bank base control system, sea bed observation platform, monitoring control centre and submarine cable, sensing data pass through with seabed live video By cable transmission to the bank base control system after the sea bed observation platform is integrated, bank base control system is transmitted it to The monitoring control centre, the instruction of monitoring control centre successively reach down bank base control system and sea bed observation platform and realize Long-range control;
The sea bed observation platform as a universal sensor carrying platform, including underwater framework, control sealed compartment and Observation instrument, control sealed compartment are internally integrated data acquisition control system, and observation instrument is by including signal wire and power line Watertight cable access control sealed compartment, is fixed on jointly on underwater framework;
The observation instrument includes CTD sensor, chlorophyll probe, dissolved oxygen probe, underwater camera, LED light and corrosion On-line computing model, observation instrument can be adjusted according to aquafarm actual monitoring demand dynamic;
The monitoring control centre includes real time data monitoring platform, resource data shares website, net cast is pushed and deposited Store up module;
The real time data monitoring platform includes power management module, sensor management module, data management module, failure pipe Module is managed, is responsible for the management of sensor remote power supply and sampling configuration, real-time sampling and status data monitors;
The resource data shares website and is responsible for interacting with real time data monitoring platform, and there are monitoring data and live video to send out Cloth, storage inquiry basic function, Data Post, precaution alarm differentiate specific function, and carry out numerical value to future observation element value Forecast extension function;
The net cast push and memory module are responsible for the live streaming of seabed live video Network Synchronization, history program request and backup and are deposited Storage;
The cable includes being filled by signal wire and power line by gasket for packing, then tied up by strapping, strapping outer layer Inner sheath, steel wire organization level and oversheath are set gradually outward by interior, and every group of line is insulated by insulating layer respectively by two conductors And multiple twin is formed with PP belt package after gasket for packing filling.
2. a kind of aquafarm bank base according to claim 1 monitors system, it is characterised in that: the bank base controls system System is used as energy supply and information terminal, is arranged in bank base or island base;Electric power is provided by alternating current for sea bed observation platform Supply, recycles the data of sea bed observation platform, and feeds back to the monitoring control centre, and bank base control system is responsible for turning simultaneously Hair monitors control centre's control instruction to sea bed observation platform.
3. a kind of aquafarm bank base according to claim 2 monitors system, it is characterised in that: the bank base controls system System includes power supply module, control module and data transmission module;Power supply module provides energy resource supply for sea bed observation platform;Control Information between sea bed observation platform and monitoring control centre is carried out transfer by module, is responsible for sensing data and control instruction turns Hair;Data transmission module establishes underwater transparency network waterborne by the communication modulation unit used in pairs with sea bed observation platform, Seabed vision signal and data-signal are forwarded to monitoring control centre.
4. a kind of aquafarm bank base according to claim 3 monitors system, it is characterised in that: the data acquire control System processed uses distrbuted management and modularized design, including power supply module, master & slave control module, sensor module, view Frequency processing module, the observation instrument respectively correspond respective sensor module, are set respectively according to institute's carry sensor device Independent control module is counted, each instrument is mutually distributed isolation.
5. a kind of aquafarm bank base according to claim 4 monitors system, it is characterised in that: the power supply module is negative Submarine cable access voltage is carried out decompression conversion and internal allocation processing by duty;Master & slave control module is responsible for each sensor module pipe Reason and control;Each sensor module and integrated carrying equipment correspond, and are responsible for sensor device protocol conversion and power management; Video processing module is responsible for video compression coding and RTMP plug-flow or RTSP draws stream process.
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