CN105738165A - A robot apparatus capable of fully-automatic bioaerosol sampling and detection - Google Patents

A robot apparatus capable of fully-automatic bioaerosol sampling and detection Download PDF

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CN105738165A
CN105738165A CN 201410757006 CN201410757006A CN105738165A CN 105738165 A CN105738165 A CN 105738165A CN 201410757006 CN201410757006 CN 201410757006 CN 201410757006 A CN201410757006 A CN 201410757006A CN 105738165 A CN105738165 A CN 105738165A
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sampling
liquid
means
sample
li
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CN 201410757006
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Chinese (zh)
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曹务春
刘毅
方立群
刘航
李新楼
刘强
张晓清
宁海波
刘爱明
刘昆
姚宏武
孙烨
陈婉君
孙若曦
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中国人民解放军军事医学科学院微生物流行病研究所
北京汇丰隆经济技术开发有限公司
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Abstract

A robot apparatus capable of fully-automatic bioaerosol sampling and detection is disclosed. The robot apparatus comprises an advancing unit, a sampling and detecting unit and a video collecting unit. The sampling and detecting unit comprises a particle cutter, a draught fan, a sampling bottle, an air extracting pump, an injecting pump, a liquid storage bottle, a peristaltic pump, a liquid injection mechanism, a photoelectric detection device, a transmission mechanism and an inspection card device. Bioaerosol particles in air are concentrated and collected under the cooperation of a main air path and a side air path. A sampling liquid is conveyed into the liquid injection mechanism through a liquid conveying path. The liquid injection mechanism and the transmission mechanism cooperate with each other to achieve distribution of the sampling liquid. The photoelectric detection device and the transmission mechanism cooperate with each other to achieve identification of biological species. The apparatus is highly automatic from sample collection to the identification of the biological species.

Description

一种全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置 A fully automated robot bioaerosol sampling and testing device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及生物安全领域,具体而言,涉及一种全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of bio-security, particularly, relates to bioaerosol sampling and testing a fully automated robotic device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]自20世纪70年代以来,新发传染病频发,公共卫生事件(如“SARS”、高致病禽流感等)时有发生,同时自然灾害频发,由此衍生的人、畜疫情均对人类及其生存的环境产生了重大影响,加上生物恐怖威胁严重。 [0002] Since the 1970s, new infectious diseases frequently have occurred public health events (such as "SARS", highly pathogenic avian influenza, etc.), and frequent natural disasters, derived therefrom, people, livestock epidemic were to human beings and their living environment had a significant impact, coupled with a serious threat of bioterrorism. 我国面临着生物恐怖、公共卫生事件、次生生物危害、自然灾害衍生的生物危害等多种生物安全威胁。 China is facing a variety of bio-security threat of bioterrorism, public health emergencies, secondary biological hazards, natural disasters derived from biological hazards.

[0003] 生物安全的防治关键在于早发现、早处置,因此在事件发生的第一时间需要了解到现场的污染情况,事发现场环境恶劣,不利于人员进入,同时对工作人员人体健康和生命安全造成极大的威胁。 [0003] The key lies in prevention Biosecurity early detection, early disposal, so the first time the event occurred need to understand the pollution situation at the scene, found something bad field environment is not conducive personnel to enter, while the staff of life and human health security posed a great threat.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明提供一种全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置,它能进入生物事件现场对生物气溶胶粒子进行浓缩采集和生物种类鉴定,以提高突发生物事件现场应急处置能力OO [0004] The present invention provides an automatic sampling biological aerosol detection robot apparatus, a biological event can enter the field of biological aerosol particles collected was concentrated and species identification, sudden biological event to enhance the ability field emergency response OO

[0005] 为达到上述目的,本发明提供了一种全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置,包括行进单元、采样与检验单元和视频采集单元,其中: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a fully automated robot bioaerosol sampling and testing apparatus comprising a traveling unit, the sampling and testing means and the video capture unit, wherein:

[0006] 所述采样与检验单元通过减震器安装在所述行进单元上,所述行进单元设置有橡胶履带; [0006] The test sample and by the damper unit mounted on the traveling unit, the traveling unit is provided with a rubber track;

[0007] 所述采样与检验单元包括粒子切割器、风机、采样瓶、抽气栗、注射栗、储液瓶、蠕动栗、注液机构、光电检测装置、传动机构和检验卡装置; [0007] The test sample and the particles comprising a cutter unit, fan, sampling bottle, evacuated chestnut, chestnut injection, liquid bottle, a peristaltic Li, the injection means, the photo detecting means, the transmission means and the test card;

[0008] 所述采样与检验单元包含主气路和副气路,其中所述粒子切割器的主气流出口经所述采样瓶和所述抽气栗相连形成主气路,所述粒子切割器的副气流出口与所述风机相连形成副气路; [0008] The sampling and testing means comprises a main air passage and a secondary air passage, wherein the main gas flow through the particle outlet of the cutter and the sample vial is connected to the suction Li main gas passage is formed, the particles cutter the secondary flow outlet of the blower is connected to the sub-air passage is formed;

[0009] 所述采样与检验单元还包含一液体流动路径,其中所述储液瓶中液体通过所述注射栗进入所述采样瓶中,由所述蠕动栗将所述采样瓶中液体抽出输送到所述注液机构实现样液的分配; [0009] The sampling and testing unit further comprising a liquid flow path, wherein the reservoir bottle into said liquid through said sample vial injection Li, Li by the peristaltic pump fluid to transport the sample vial to achieve the distribution of liquid sample injection mechanism;

[0010] 所述采样瓶包含进液口、出液口、进气口和出气口,其中所述进液口与所述注射栗相连,所述出液口与所述蠕动栗相连,伸入所述采样瓶底端的进气口与所述主气流出口相连,所述出气口与所述抽气栗进气端相连,样液采集时先通过所述注射栗将所述储液瓶中的缓冲液注入所述采样瓶中,然后通过所述抽气栗在所述采样瓶液面上端形成负压,此时与所述粒子切割器主气流出口相连的进气口端为大气压,通过压差降将采集到的样气注入缓冲液中形成样液; [0010] The sample bottle comprises a liquid inlet, a liquid outlet, gas inlet and outlet, wherein said inlet port is connected to said injection Li, is connected to the said fluid port and the peristaltic Li, stretching the bottom end of the sample inlet port to the outlet of the main gas flow, with the outlet connected to the inlet end of the suction Li, Li the first through the reservoir bottle when the sample injection was collected injecting the sample buffer bottle, and then a negative pressure level at the upper end of the vial by the sample suction Li, this time connected to the main gas flow cutter particle outlet end of the intake port to atmospheric pressure by forming liquid sample buffer to reduce the difference between the collected sample gas injection;

[0011] 所述注液机构与所述光电检测装置悬空设置于所述传动机构上端,所述检验卡装置固定设置于所述传动机构上,所述传动机构带动所述检验卡装置左右运动,所述注液机构实现将样液分别注入检测点中,光电检测装置实现对注入检测点的样液进行检测; [0011] The liquid injection means and said photodetector means is suspended on the upper end of the drive mechanism, said test card fixing means provided on said drive mechanism, said drive mechanism driving the test card is about the movement means, the liquid injection means to achieve the sample solution were injected into the detection point, the photodetector of the sample liquid injection means to achieve the detection point is detected;

[0012] 所述传动机构包含两个滑轨、一个导轨、一个电机和两个限位开关,所述检测卡装置安装在两个滑轨上,该两个滑轨设置在导轨,可沿所述导轨左右滑动,由所述电机带动所述检测卡装置沿导轨左右运动,当所述检测卡装置上的遮挡片遮挡住左侧的限位开关则停止向左运动,当所述检测卡装置上的遮挡片遮挡住右侧的限位开关则停止向右运动。 [0012] The transmission mechanism comprises two rails, one rail, a motor and two limit switches, said card detecting device is mounted on two rails, the two guide rails disposed, along the said right and left slide rails, driven by said motor about said card detecting means along the guide rail, when the shielding piece on said card detecting means blocking the left moves to the left limit switch is stopped when the card detection means blocking the shielding piece on the right side of the limit switch stops moving rightward.

[0013] 进一步地,所述采样与检验单元用于对空气生物气溶胶粒子进行浓缩采集以及生物类别检验。 [0013] Further, the means for sampling and testing of biological air and aerosol particles collected and concentrated biological test category.

[0014] 进一步地,所述行进单元用于实现自动运动功能。 [0014] Further, the traveling unit for automatic motor function.

[0015] 进一步地,所述的视频采集单元用于对所述行进单元的行进路况进行实时监测。 [0015] Further, the video capture unit of the traveling unit for traveling on roads in real time.

[0016] 进一步地,所述减震器为减震弹簧。 [0016] Further, the damper is a damper spring.

[0017] 进一步地,所述主气路与所述副气路的流量比范围为1:20-7:200。 [0017] Further, the main air flow passage and the auxiliary air passage ranging from 1: 20-7: 200.

[0018] 进一步地,所述缓冲液注入量为5ml-25ml。 [0018] Further, the injection amount of the buffer 5ml-25ml.

[0019] 本发明具有以下有益效果: [0019] The present invention has the following advantages:

[0020] (I)本发明提供的全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置,集成了生物气溶胶浓缩采集和生物种类识别的功能,能更快的获得生物事件现场的污染信息,便于现场快速应急处置; [0020] (I) Bioaerosols automatic sampling and testing device of the present invention provides a robot, with integrated collecting and concentrating bioaerosol species identification function, can be obtained quicker biological contamination incident scene information, to facilitate rapid field emergency response;

[0021] (2)本发明自动化程度较高,从样品采集到输出检测结果,无需人员操作; [0021] (2) a high degree of automation of the present invention, the output from sample collection to the detection result, without personnel;

[0022] (3)本发明可代替工作人员进入多种恶劣环境中进行工作。 [0022] (3) The present invention can be substituted into the staff to work in a variety of harsh environments. 提高了人员的安全。 Improve the safety of personnel.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。 [0023] In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments or the prior art embodiment of the present invention, briefly introduced hereinafter, embodiments are described below in the accompanying drawings or described in the prior art needed to be used in describing the embodiments the drawings are only some embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is concerned, without creative efforts, can derive from these drawings other drawings.

[0024]图1是本发明一个实施例的全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置的结构图; [0024] FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram of automatic detection bioaerosol sampling robot apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention;

[0025]图2a、图2b是本发明一个实施例的采样与检验单元结构图; [0025] Figures 2a, 2b and the test sample is a cell structure diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;

[0026] 图3是本发明一个实施例的粒子切割器不意图; [0026] FIG. 3 is a particle cutter embodiment of the present invention is not intended;

[0027]图4是本发明一个实施例的采样瓶结构原理图; [0027] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a sample bottle configuration example of embodiment of the present invention;

[0028] 图5是本发明一个实施例的传动机构结构原理图。 [0028] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the transmission mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0029] 图中标号说明:1、行进单元;2、采样与检验单元;3、视频采集单元;4、减震器;5、粒子切割器;6、风机;7、采样瓶;8、抽气栗;9、注射栗;10、储液瓶;11、蠕动栗;12、注液机构;13、光电检测装置;14、传动机构;15、检验卡装置;5.1、主气流出口;5.2、副气流出口; [0029] Reference numeral described in FIG: 1, the traveling means; 2, the sampling and testing means; 3, a video capture unit; 4, the damper; 5, the cutter particle; 6, fan; 7, the sampling bottle; 8, pumping gas Li; 9, injection Li; 10, the liquid bottle; 11, peristaltic Li; 12, injection means; 13, the photodetector means; 14, a transmission mechanism; 15, test card means; 5.1, the primary air flow outlet; 5.2, Vice gas flow outlet;

7.1、采样瓶进液口;7.2、采样瓶进气口;7.3、采样瓶出气口;7.4、采样瓶出液口;14.1、滑轨;14.2、导轨;14.3、电机;14.4、左限位开关;14.5、右限位开关。 7.1, the sampling bottle inlet port; 7.2, sampling bottle intake port; 7.3, the sample bottle outlet; 7.4, sample bottles liquid outlet; 14.1 rails; 14.2, guide rails; 14.3, motor; 14.4, the left limit switch ; 14.5, the right limit switch.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0030] 下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0030] below in conjunction with the present invention in the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, obviously, the described embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments example. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有付出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments to those of ordinary skill in the art without paying creative work at the obtained fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0031]图1为本发明一个实施例的全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置示意图;如图所示,包括行进单元1、采样与检验单元2和视频采集单元3,其中: [0031] Figure 1 is one embodiment of the invention, automatic detection bioaerosol sampling schematic robot apparatus; As shown, comprising a traveling unit 1, unit 2 and the test sample and the video capture unit 3, wherein:

[0032] 所述生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置设计有两级减震,其中行进单元I采用橡胶履带对该装置整体进行减震,所述采样与检验单元2通过减震器(如减震弹簧)4安装在所述行进上,通过减震器对采样与检验单元进行二级减震,通过二级减震的设计降低机器人装置在不同复杂路况行进中对采样与检验单元中精密部件的影响; [0032] The biological aerosol detection sampling design robot has two damping means, wherein the rubber crawler traveling unit I using the entire damper device for the sampling and testing unit 2 via a damper (e.g., shock absorber spring) 4 is mounted on the traveling, for the two test samples of the damper unit via a damper, the damper design reduces by two robot apparatus for sampling and inspection unit of precision parts complicated road traveling in different influences;

[0033] 如图2a、b所示,所述采样与检验单元包括粒子切割器5、风机6、采样瓶7、抽气栗 [0033] FIG. 2a, the sampling and testing particles comprising a cutter unit 5, fan 6, 7 sampling bottle suction Li b

8、注射栗9、储液瓶10、蠕动栗11、注液机构12、光电检测装置13、传动机构14和检验卡装置15; 8, 9 Li injection, liquid bottle 10, peristaltic Li 11, the injection mechanism 12, the photodetector means 13, transmission means 14 and the test card 15;

[0034] 所述采样与检验单元包含主气路和副气路,其中所述粒子切割器5的主气流出口5.1经所述采样瓶7和所述抽气栗8相连形成主气路,所述粒子切割器5的副气流出口5.2与所述风机6相连形成副气路,优选的主气路与副气路流量比范围为1:20-7:200 ; [0034] The sampling and testing means comprises a main air passage and a secondary air passage, wherein the main stream of the particle outlet 5 of the cutter through the 5.1 sample vial 7 and 8 is connected to the suction Li main gas passage is formed, the said particle stream cutters 5 the sub-outlet of the blower is connected to 5.2 and the sub air passage 6 is formed, preferably, a primary gas passage and the secondary air flow passage ranging from 1: 20-7: 200;

[0035] 所述采样与检验单元还包含一液体流动路径,其中所述储液瓶10中液体通过所述注射栗9进入所述采样瓶7中,由所述蠕动栗11将所述采样瓶7中液体抽出输送到所述注液机构12实现样液的分配; [0035] The sampling and testing unit further comprising a liquid flow path, wherein said liquid bottle 10 through the liquid injection into the 9 Li in the sample vial 7, the sample vial 11 by the peristaltic Li 7 withdrawn liquid delivered to the liquid injection means to achieve dispensing of the sample solution 12;

[0036] 所述采样瓶7包含进液口7.1、出液口7.4、进气口7.2和出气口7.3,其中所述进液口7.1与所述注射栗8相连,所述出液口7.4与所述蠕动栗11相连,伸入所述采样瓶7底端的进气口7.2与所述主气流出口5.1相连,所述出气口7.3与所述抽气栗8进气端相连,样液采集时先通过所述注射栗8将所述储液瓶10中的缓冲液注入所述采样瓶7中,然后通过所述抽气栗8在所述采样瓶7液面上端形成负压,此时与所述粒子切割器5主气流出口5.1相连的进气口端为大气压,通过压差降将采集到的样气注入缓冲液中形成样液,优选的采液量为5-25ml ; [0036] The sample vial 7 contains a liquid inlet 7.1, 7.4 a liquid outlet, the air inlet 7.2 and outlet 7.3, wherein said fluid inlet is connected to the injection Li 8 7.1, 7.4 and said liquid outlet when connected to the peristaltic Li 11, extending into the bottom of the sample vial 7 7.2 intake port connected to the main gas flow outlet 5.1, 7.3 is connected to the outlet end of the suction inlet 8 Li, the sample was collected the first sample vial 7 by the implantation of the buffer 8 to the Li injection liquid bottle 10, and then a negative pressure level at the upper end of the sample vial 7 by the suction Li 8, this time with the particles cutter 5 is connected to the main gas flow outlet 5.1 air inlet side is atmospheric, pressure drop through the collected sample gas into the sample solution formed in the buffer, the preferred amount of fluid production 5-25ml;

[0037] 所述注液机构12与所述光电检测装置13悬空设置于所述传动机构14上端,所述检验卡装置15固定设置于所述传动机构14上,所述传动机构14带动所述检验卡装置15左右运动,所述注液机构12实现将样液分别注入检测点中,光电检测装置13实现对注入检测点的样液进行检测; [0037] The injection mechanism 12 and the photo detector means 13 is suspended at an upper end of the drive mechanism 14, a card inspection device 15 is fixed on the actuator 14, the actuator 14 drives the a test card 15 movement means, the injection means 12 to achieve the sample solution were injected into the detection point, the photodetector means 13 to achieve the sample liquid injection detection point is detected;

[0038] 如图5所示,所述传动机构14包含两个滑轨14.1、一个导轨14.2、一个电机14.3和两个限位开关14.4、14.5,所述检测卡装置15安装在两个滑轨14.1上,该两个滑轨14.1设置在导轨14.2,可沿所述导轨14.2左右滑动,由所述电机14.3带动所述检测卡装置15沿导轨左右运动,当所述检测卡装置15上的遮挡片遮挡住左侧的限位开关14.4则停止向左运动,当所述检测卡装置15上的遮挡片遮挡住右侧的限位开关14.5则停止向右运动。 [0038] As shown in FIG. 5, the transmission mechanism 14 includes two slide rails 14.1, 14.2 a rail, a motor and two limit switches 14.4,14.5 14.3, said card detecting means is mounted on two rails 15 14.1, 14.1 of the two slide rails disposed at 14.2, can slide along the guide rail about 14.2, from 14.3 to drive the motor 15 in the card detecting movement of left and right guide means when said card detecting means 15 is blocked sheet blocking live left limit switch moves to the left stop 14.4, when the shielding piece on said card detecting means 15 block the right limit switch stops the rightward movement of 14.5.

[0039] 进一步地,所述采样与检验单元2用于对空气生物气溶胶粒子进行浓缩采集以及生物类别检验。 [0039] Furthermore, the unit 2 for sampling and testing of biological air and aerosol particles collected and concentrated biological test category.

[0040] 进一步地,所述行进单元I用于实现自动运动功能。 [0040] Further, the automatic traveling unit I for the motor function.

[0041] 进一步地,所述的视频采集单元3用于对所述行进单元I的行进路况进行实时监测。 [0041] Further, the video capture unit 3 of the traveling unit for traveling the road I real-time monitoring.

[0042] 本发明的全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置,在两路主副气路的共同作用下实现对空气中的生物气溶胶粒子进行浓缩采集,通过液体输送路径自动将采样液输送入注液机构中,注液机构与传动机构进行配合实现样液的分配,光电检测机构与传动机构配合实现生物种类识别,整个装置从样品采集到生物种类识别具有高度的自动化,能更快速的确定疑似污染源,应用于事件现场将极大的提高生物安全的防治能力,确保自然灾害、生物安全和生产事故、突发公共卫生事件及社会安全事件现场的生物安全的采样检验。 [0042] Automatic sampling biological aerosol detection robot apparatus according to the present invention is achieved under the action of two of the primary and secondary air passage bioaerosol particles in the air are collected and concentrated, the liquid transport through the sample liquid transport path automatically the injection mechanism, the injection mechanism and the drive mechanism with the realization of distribution of the sample solution, the photodetector means and the drive means with the realization of species identification, the entire device from sample collection to the species identified with a high degree of automation, more quickly determine the suspected source of pollution, apply to the event site will greatly improve the control ability of biosecurity to ensure that natural disasters, industrial accidents and biosecurity, public health emergencies and social security incidents biosecurity site sampling inspection.

[0043] 本领域普通技术人员可以理解:附图只是一个实施例的示意图,附图中的模块或流程并不一定是实施本发明所必须的。 [0043] Those of ordinary skill in the art will be understood: the drawings is only a schematic example of embodiment, the modules or processes in the accompanying drawings are not necessarily embodiments of the present invention it is necessary.

[0044] 本领域普通技术人员可以理解:实施例中的装置中的模块可以按照实施例描述分布于实施例的装置中,也可以进行相应变化位于不同于本实施例的一个或多个装置中。 [0044] Those of ordinary skill in the art can be appreciated: Example apparatus according to the embodiment described modules may be located in the apparatus of the embodiment, it can also be present which are different from one case or more embodiments of the devices . 上述实施例的模块可以合并为一个模块,也可以进一步拆分成多个子模块。 Modules of the embodiments may be combined into one module, or split into multiple submodules.

[0045] 最后应说明的是:以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换;而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明实施例技术方案的精神和范围。 [0045] Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are intended to illustrate the present invention, rather than limiting;. Although the present invention has been described in detail embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood: Examples which may still aspect of the described embodiment may be modified, or some technical features equivalents; as such modifications or replacements do not cause the essence of corresponding technical solutions to depart from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention .

Claims (7)

  1. 1.一种全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置,其特征在于,包括行进单元(1)、采样与检验单元(2)和视频采集单元(3),其中: 所述采样与检验单元(2)通过减震器(4)安装在所述行进单元(I)上,所述行进单元(I)设置有橡胶履带; 所述采样与检验单元包括粒子切割器(5)、风机¢)、采样瓶(7)、抽气栗(8)、注射栗(9)、储液瓶(10)、蠕动栗(11)、注液机构(12)、光电检测装置(13)、传动机构(14)和检验卡装置(15); 所述采样与检验单元包含主气路和副气路,其中所述粒子切割器(5)的主气流出口(5.1)经所述采样瓶(7)和所述抽气栗⑶相连形成主气路,所述粒子切割器(5)的副气流出口(5.2)与所述风机(6)相连形成副气路; 所述采样与检验单元还包含一液体流动路径,其中所述储液瓶(10)中液体通过所述注射栗(9)进入所述采样瓶(7)中,由所述蠕动栗(11)将所述采样瓶(7)中液体抽出输 An automatic sampling biological aerosol detection robot apparatus, characterized by comprising traveling unit (1), the sampling and testing means (2) and the video capture unit (3), wherein: said sampling and checking unit ( 2) by the damper (4) mounted on the traveling unit (I), the traveling unit (I) is provided with a rubber crawler; test sample and the particles comprising a cutter unit (5), fan ¢), sampling bottle (7), suction Li (8), Li injection (9), the liquid bottle (10), the peristaltic chestnut (11), the injection mechanism (12), the photodetector means (13), a transmission mechanism (14 ) and test card means (15); said sampling and testing means comprises a main air passage and the sub-air passage, wherein the outlet of the main gas flow particle cutter (5) (5.1) by the sampling bottle (7) and the Li ⑶ said suction passage connected to form a main gas, the particles cutter (5) of the sub-stream outlet (5.2) and the fan (6) is connected to the sub-air passage is formed; the test sample and further comprises a fluid flow means path, wherein the reservoir bottle (10) through said liquid injection Li (9) into the sample bottle (7), by the peristaltic Li (11) to the sample bottle (7) in the liquid withdrawn lose 送到所述注液机构(12)实现样液的分配; 所述采样瓶(7)包含进液口(7.1)、出液口(7.4)、进气口(7.2)和出气口(7.3),其中所述进液口(7.1)与所述注射栗⑶相连,所述出液口(7.4)与所述蠕动栗(11)相连,伸入所述采样瓶(7)底端的进气口(7.2)与所述主气流出口(5.1)相连,所述出气口(7.3)与所述抽气栗(8)进气端相连,样液采集时先通过所述注射栗(8)将所述储液瓶(10)中的缓冲液注入所述采样瓶(7)中,然后通过所述抽气栗(8)在所述采样瓶(7)液面上端形成负压,此时与所述粒子切割器(5)主气流出口(5.1)相连的进气口端为大气压,通过压差降将采集到的样气注入缓冲液中形成样液; 所述注液机构(12)与所述光电检测装置(13)悬空设置于所述传动机构(14)上端,所述检验卡装置(15)固定设置于所述传动机构(14)上,所述传动机构(14)带动所述检验卡装置(15)左右运动,所述注液机构(12) To said liquid injection means (12) to achieve dispensing of the sample solution; the sample vial (7) comprises a liquid inlet (7.1), a liquid outlet (7.4), air inlet (7.2) and the air outlet (7.3) wherein the fluid inlet (7.1) is connected to the injection Li ⑶ connected to the liquid outlet (7.4) and the peristaltic chestnut (11), (7) extends into the sample vial at the bottom of the intake port when (7.2) with the primary air flow outlet (5.1) is connected to the outlet (7.3) and the suction Li (8) is connected to the inlet end, the liquid sample collected by the first injection of Li (8) the said buffer reservoir into said sample vial bottle (10) in (7), and a negative pressure at the upper level of the sampling bottle (7) by said suction Li (8), this time with the particle said cutter (5) of the main gas stream outlet (5.1) is connected to the intake port side was atmospheric pressure by lowering the collected sample gas into the sample solution formed in the buffer; (12) and said liquid injection means are said photodetector means (13) is suspended at the upper end of the drive mechanism (14), said test card (15) fixed to the transmission mechanism (14), said transmission means (14) drives the test card means (15) move left and right, the liquid injection mechanism (12) 现将样液分别注入检测点中,光电检测装置(13)实现对注入检测点的样液进行检测; 所述传动机构(14)包含两个滑轨(14.1)、一个导轨(14.2)、一个电机(14.3)和两个限位开关(14.4、14.5),所述检测卡装置(15)安装在两个滑轨(14.1)上,该两个滑轨(14.1)设置在导轨(14.2),可沿所述导轨(14.2)左右滑动,由所述电机(14.3)带动所述检测卡装置(15)沿导轨左右运动,当所述检测卡装置(15)上的遮挡片遮挡住左侧的限位开关(14.4)则停止向左运动,当所述检测卡装置(15)上的遮挡片遮挡住右侧的限位开关(14.5)则停止向右运动。 Now sample solution were injected into the detection point, the photodetector means (13) to realize the injection fluid sample detection point is detected; said transmission means (14) comprises two rails (14.1), a guide rail (14.2), a motor (14.3) and two limit switches (14.4,14.5), said card detecting means (15) mounted on two rails (14.1), the two rails (14.1) provided on the guide rail (14.2), along the guide rail (14.2) sliding around by the motor (14.3) driven by said card detecting means (15) moving along the left and right guide, when the shielding piece on said card detecting means (15) blocking the left limit switches (14.4) to stop movement to the left, when the shielding piece on said card detecting means (15) blocking the right side of the limit switch (14.5) to stop the rightward movement.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置,其特征在于:所述采样与检验单元(2)用于对空气生物气溶胶粒子进行浓缩采集以及生物类别检验。 2. Automatic detection bioaerosol sampling robot apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said sampling and inspection unit (2) for air bioaerosol particles are collected and concentrated biological test category.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置,其特征在于:所述行进单元(I)用于实现自动运动功能。 3. Automatic detection bioaerosol sampling robot apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said traveling unit (I) for automatic motor function.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置,其特征在于:所述的视频采集单元(3)用于对所述行进单元(I)的行进路况进行实时监测。 4. The automatic detection bioaerosol sampling robot apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said video capture unit (3) for traveling the road traveling unit (I), real-time monitoring.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置,其特征在于,所述减震器(4)为减震弹簧。 The automatic sampling biological aerosol detection robot apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the damper (4) of the damper spring.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置,其特征在于,所述主气路与所述副气路的流量比范围为1:20-7:200。 6. Automatic detection bioaerosol sampling robot apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the main gas flow path and the auxiliary gas passage ranges from 1: 20-7: 200.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的全自动生物气溶胶采样与检测机器人装置,其特征在于,所述缓冲液注入量为5ml-25ml。 7. Automatic detection bioaerosol sampling robot apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said buffer injection volume 5ml-25ml.
CN 201410757006 2014-12-10 2014-12-10 A robot apparatus capable of fully-automatic bioaerosol sampling and detection CN105738165A (en)

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