CN105737124A - Special efficient environmentally-friendly normal-pressure boiler for clean coal briquettes - Google Patents

Special efficient environmentally-friendly normal-pressure boiler for clean coal briquettes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105737124A
CN105737124A CN201610254099.7A CN201610254099A CN105737124A CN 105737124 A CN105737124 A CN 105737124A CN 201610254099 A CN201610254099 A CN 201610254099A CN 105737124 A CN105737124 A CN 105737124A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
heat exchanger
spiral heat
cyclone dust
special efficient
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610254099.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王卫微
Original Assignee
唐山天时农牧机器设备有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 唐山天时农牧机器设备有限公司 filed Critical 唐山天时农牧机器设备有限公司
Priority to CN201610254099.7A priority Critical patent/CN105737124A/en
Publication of CN105737124A publication Critical patent/CN105737124A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B1/00Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method
    • F22B1/22Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method using combustion under pressure substantially exceeding atmospheric pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B37/00Component parts or details of steam boilers
    • F22B37/008Adaptations for flue gas purification in steam generators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B37/00Component parts or details of steam boilers
    • F22B37/02Component parts or details of steam boilers applicable to more than one kind or type of steam boiler
    • F22B37/38Determining or indicating operating conditions in steam boilers, e.g. monitoring direction or rate of water flow through water tubes

Abstract

The invention discloses a special efficient environmentally-friendly normal-pressure boiler for clean coal briquettes. The boiler comprises a boiler housing, a boiler liner, a first spiral heat exchanger, a second spiral heat exchanger and a cyclone dust collector, wherein the boiler liner, the first spiral heat exchanger, the second spiral heat exchanger and the cyclone dust collector are arranged in the boiler housing; the upper end of the boiler liner is connected with that of the first spiral heat exchanger through a smoke pipe; an observation hole is further formed in the upper end of the boiler liner; and a steam outlet and a steam overpressure outlet are formed in two sides of the observation hole respectively. According to the special efficient environmentally-friendly normal-pressure boiler for the clean coal briquettes, the two spiral heat exchangers and the cyclone dust collector are connected to the exterior of the boiler liner in sequence; gas discharged after combustion is treated with the spiral heat exchangers and the cyclone dust collector and then is discharged to the atmosphere, so that the environmental pollution is alleviated; the heat utilization efficiency is high; replacing scattered coal with the clean coal briquettes completely meets existing national policy requirements; and the boiler is easy to popularize and use.

Description

A kind of lustration type coal briquette special efficient environmental protection atmospheric boiler

Technical field

The present invention relates to boiler plant technical field, be specially a kind of lustration type coal briquette special efficient environmental protection atmospheric boiler.

Background technology

Boiler is that the heat energy utilizing fuel or other energy is heated as the plant equipment of hot water or steam water.The original meaning of pot refers to the water container of heating on fire, and stove refers to the place of burning fuel, and boiler includes pot and stove two large divisions.The hot water produced in boiler or steam directly can provide required heat energy for commercial production and people's lives, it is possible to be converted to mechanical energy by Steam Power Equipment, or convert mechanical energy into electric energy again through electromotor.The boiler providing hot water is called hot-water boiler, is mainly used in life, also has a small amount of application in commercial production.The boiler producing steam is called steam boiler, is often simply called boiler, is used for thermal power station, boats and ships, locomotive and agriculture and animal husbandry industry etc..

Existing boiler is when burning dissipates coal, gas after burning is directly discharged in air without after any dust removal process, contaminated environment is serious, the feature of environmental protection is poor, uses and has limitation, and lacks steam superpressure floss hole on existing boiler, boiler air pressure inside when burned for long time raises, cause that boiler inner and outer air pressure is uneven, it is easy to blasting, safety coefficient is low;Meanwhile, product exists in the market, and clean moulded coal ignites difficult problem.

Summary of the invention

Prior art is difficult to meet the needs of people, in order to solve above-mentioned Problems existing, the present invention proposes a kind of lustration type coal briquette special efficient environmental protection atmospheric boiler, it adopts and is connected with two spiral heat exchangers and cyclone dust extractor outside inside of boiler in turn, the gas of burning and exhausting is discharged in air after spiral heat exchanger and cyclone dust extractor process again, and reduces the pollution to environment.

For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme: a kind of lustration type coal briquette special efficient environmental protection atmospheric boiler, including boiler jacket, inside of boiler, the first spiral heat exchanger, the second spiral heat exchanger and cyclone dust extractor;Described inside of boiler, the first spiral heat exchanger, the second spiral heat exchanger and cyclone dust extractor are separately positioned in boiler jacket, and inside of boiler upper end is connected by smoke pipe and the first spiral heat exchanger upper end;Described inside of boiler upper end is additionally provided with observation port, and the both sides of observation port are respectively arranged with steam (vapor) outlet and steam superpressure floss hole;Sieve plate it is provided with in described inside of boiler, and the upper and lower two ends of sieve plate respectively combustor and cinder room;Described combustor and cinder room offer coaling door and clean-out door respectively;Described first spiral heat exchanger and the second spiral heat exchanger upper end are isolated by water holding jacket, and the first spiral heat exchanger and the second spiral heat exchanger lower end are connected by the first Dust Storage Room;Described first spiral heat exchanger and the second spiral heat exchanger upper end are respectively provided with manhole;Described second spiral heat exchanger is connected with cyclone dust extractor by smoke pipe, and cyclone dust extractor lower end is provided with the second Dust Storage Room;Described cyclone dust extractor upper end offers venthole, and venthole place is provided with air-introduced machine.

Further, described first spiral heat exchanger and the second spiral heat exchanger structure are consistent.

Further, described first Dust Storage Room and the second Dust Storage Room are respectively arranged with shoot door.

Further, described boiler jacket is additionally provided with liquidometer, and is provided with maximum water level, normal water bit line and lowest water level line on liquidometer.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: this lustration type coal briquette special efficient environmental protection atmospheric boiler, it adopts and is connected with two spiral heat exchangers and cyclone dust extractor outside inside of boiler in turn, the gas of burning and exhausting is discharged in air after spiral heat exchanger and cyclone dust extractor process again, and reduces the pollution to environment;It is provided with steam superpressure floss hole in inside of boiler upper end so that it is boiler inner and outer air pressure is in equilibrium valve all the time, reduces the risk of the bursting of boilers;Adopting forward combustion equipment, strengthening clean moulded coal ignites, and catches fire easily;Smoke three-pass designs, twice dedusting in stove, solves problem of environmental pollution;The thermal efficiency utilizes high practicability strong, and lustration type coal briquette replaces dissipating coal, is the requirement complying fully with country's policy now, product use easy to spread.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the front view of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the top view of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the side view of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the first spiral heat exchanger top view of the present invention.

In figure: 1-boiler jacket, 2-inside of boiler, 3-the first spiral heat exchanger, 4-the second spiral heat exchanger, 5-cyclone dust extractor, 6-smoke pipe, 7-observation port, 8-steam (vapor) outlet, 9-steam superpressure floss hole, 10-sieve plate, 11-combustor, 12-cinder room, 13-coalings door, 14-clean-out door, 15-water holding jacket, 16-the first Dust Storage Room, 17-manhole, 18-the second Dust Storage Room, 19-venthole, 20-air-introduced machine, 21-shoot door, 22-liquidometer, 23-maximum water level, 24-normal water bit line, 25-lowest water level line.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under not making creative work premise, broadly fall into the scope of protection of the invention.

Referring to Fig. 1-4, a kind of embodiment provided by the invention: a kind of lustration type coal briquette special efficient environmental protection atmospheric boiler, including boiler jacket 1, inside of boiler the 2, first spiral heat exchanger the 3, second spiral heat exchanger 4 and cyclone dust extractor 5;Described inside of boiler the 2, first spiral heat exchanger the 3, second spiral heat exchanger 4 and cyclone dust extractor 5 are separately positioned in boiler jacket 1, and inside of boiler 2 upper end is connected with the first spiral heat exchanger 3 upper end by smoke pipe 6;Described inside of boiler 2 upper end is additionally provided with observation port 7, and the both sides of observation port 7 are respectively arranged with steam (vapor) outlet 8 and steam superpressure floss hole 9;Sieve plate 10 it is provided with in described inside of boiler 2, and sieve plate about 10 two ends respectively combustor 11 and cinder room 12;Described combustor 11 and cinder room 12 offer coaling door 13 and clean-out door 14 respectively;Described first spiral heat exchanger 3 and the second spiral heat exchanger 4 upper end are isolated by water holding jacket 15, and the first spiral heat exchanger 3 and the second spiral heat exchanger 4 lower end are connected by the first Dust Storage Room 16;Described first spiral heat exchanger 3 and the second spiral heat exchanger 4 upper end are respectively provided with manhole 17;Described second spiral heat exchanger 4 is connected with cyclone dust extractor 5 by smoke pipe 6, and cyclone dust extractor 5 lower end is provided with the second Dust Storage Room 18;Described cyclone dust extractor 5 upper end offers venthole 19, and venthole 19 place is provided with air-introduced machine 20;Described first spiral heat exchanger 3 is consistent with the second spiral heat exchanger 4 structure;Described first Dust Storage Room 16 and the second Dust Storage Room 18 are respectively arranged with shoot door 21;Described boiler jacket 1 is additionally provided with liquidometer 22, and liquidometer 22 is provided with maximum water level 23, normal water bit line 24 and lowest water level line 25.

Lustration type coal briquette special efficient environmental protection atmospheric boiler of the present invention is in use, first the combustor 11 being placed in inside of boiler 2 by lustration type coal briquette burns, the smog that burning produces is sequentially entered in the first spiral heat exchanger 3 and the second spiral heat exchanger 4 by smoke pipe 6 and carries out heat exchange, being entered into by smoke pipe 6 by smog after heat exchange and carry out dedusting in cyclone dust extractor 5, it is discharged from venthole 19 by the smog after dedusting by air-introduced machine 20;Reach environment protecting.

It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and when without departing substantially from the spirit of the present invention or basic feature, it is possible to realize the present invention in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the invention rather than described above limits, it is intended that all changes in the implication of the equivalency dropping on claim and scope included in the present invention.Any accompanying drawing labelling in claim should be considered as the claim that restriction is involved.

Claims (4)

1. a lustration type coal briquette special efficient environmental protection atmospheric boiler, is characterized in that: include boiler jacket (1), inside of boiler (2), the first spiral heat exchanger (3), the second spiral heat exchanger (4) and cyclone dust extractor (5);Described inside of boiler (2), the first spiral heat exchanger (3), the second spiral heat exchanger (4) and cyclone dust extractor (5) are separately positioned in boiler jacket (1), and inside of boiler (2) upper end is connected with the first spiral heat exchanger (3) upper end by smoke pipe (6);Described inside of boiler (2) upper end is additionally provided with observation port (7), and the both sides of observation port (7) are respectively arranged with steam (vapor) outlet (8) and steam superpressure floss hole (9);Sieve plate (10) and sieve plate (10) two ends respectively combustor (11) and cinder room (12) up and down it are provided with in described inside of boiler (2);Described combustor (11) and cinder room (12) offer door of coalingging (13) and clean-out door (14) respectively;Described first spiral heat exchanger (3) and the second spiral heat exchanger (4) upper end are by water leg (15) isolation, and the first spiral heat exchanger (3) and the second spiral heat exchanger (4) lower end are connected by the first Dust Storage Room (16);Described first spiral heat exchanger (3) and the second spiral heat exchanger (4) upper end are respectively provided with manhole (17);Described second spiral heat exchanger (4) is connected with cyclone dust extractor (5) by smoke pipe (6), and cyclone dust extractor (5) lower end is provided with the second Dust Storage Room (18);Described cyclone dust extractor (5) upper end offers venthole (19), and venthole (19) place is provided with air-introduced machine (20).
2. a kind of lustration type coal briquette special efficient environmental protection atmospheric boiler according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described first spiral heat exchanger (3) is consistent with the second spiral heat exchanger (4) structure.
3. a kind of lustration type coal briquette special efficient environmental protection atmospheric boiler according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be respectively arranged with shoot door (21) on described first Dust Storage Room (16) and the second Dust Storage Room (18).
4. a kind of lustration type coal briquette special efficient environmental protection atmospheric boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described boiler jacket (1) is additionally provided with liquidometer (22), and liquidometer (22) is provided with maximum water level (23), normal water bit line (24) and lowest water level line (25).
CN201610254099.7A 2016-04-23 2016-04-23 Special efficient environmentally-friendly normal-pressure boiler for clean coal briquettes CN105737124A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610254099.7A CN105737124A (en) 2016-04-23 2016-04-23 Special efficient environmentally-friendly normal-pressure boiler for clean coal briquettes

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610254099.7A CN105737124A (en) 2016-04-23 2016-04-23 Special efficient environmentally-friendly normal-pressure boiler for clean coal briquettes

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105737124A true CN105737124A (en) 2016-07-06

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110214593A1 (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-08 Prabir Kumar Roychoudhury Eco-friendly system and process for generating thermal energy from waste biomass
CN202109645U (en) * 2011-03-08 2012-01-11 郑文虎 Biomass particle semi-gasification water heating boiler with reciprocating fire grate
CN202281216U (en) * 2011-09-22 2012-06-20 江苏新华机电设备制造有限公司 Organic-fuel fired boiler
CN202382407U (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-08-15 河南巨烽生物能源开发有限公司 Biomass numerical control normal-pressure hot water boiler
CN203907993U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-10-29 李鲁信 Biomass fuel hot-water boiler
CN204114924U (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-01-21 郭原江 A kind of counter-burning coal-fired fuel gas environmental protection power economized boiler
CN205048407U (en) * 2015-09-07 2016-02-24 河北艺能锅炉有限责任公司 Horizontal full -automatic steam boiler
CN205535710U (en) * 2016-04-23 2016-08-31 唐山天时农牧机器设备有限公司 Special high -efficient environmental protection ordinary pressure boiler of clean moulded coal ball

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110214593A1 (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-08 Prabir Kumar Roychoudhury Eco-friendly system and process for generating thermal energy from waste biomass
CN202109645U (en) * 2011-03-08 2012-01-11 郑文虎 Biomass particle semi-gasification water heating boiler with reciprocating fire grate
CN202281216U (en) * 2011-09-22 2012-06-20 江苏新华机电设备制造有限公司 Organic-fuel fired boiler
CN202382407U (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-08-15 河南巨烽生物能源开发有限公司 Biomass numerical control normal-pressure hot water boiler
CN203907993U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-10-29 李鲁信 Biomass fuel hot-water boiler
CN204114924U (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-01-21 郭原江 A kind of counter-burning coal-fired fuel gas environmental protection power economized boiler
CN205048407U (en) * 2015-09-07 2016-02-24 河北艺能锅炉有限责任公司 Horizontal full -automatic steam boiler
CN205535710U (en) * 2016-04-23 2016-08-31 唐山天时农牧机器设备有限公司 Special high -efficient environmental protection ordinary pressure boiler of clean moulded coal ball

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Application publication date: 20160706

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