CN105733604A - Soil conditioner applied to mine ecological restoration in arid region as well as preparation and application methods thereof - Google Patents

Soil conditioner applied to mine ecological restoration in arid region as well as preparation and application methods thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105733604A
CN105733604A CN201610179736.9A CN201610179736A CN105733604A CN 105733604 A CN105733604 A CN 105733604A CN 201610179736 A CN201610179736 A CN 201610179736A CN 105733604 A CN105733604 A CN 105733604A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
mine
soil conditioner
slope
acid potassium
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610179736.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105733604B (en
Inventor
宋双双
冀春雷
孙保平
王自力
张春禹
赵晋灵
蔡飞
徐军
郭虎波
肖恩邦
张建锋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Beilin Advanced Ecological Environmental Protection Technology Institute Co Ltd
ELION SHOUJIAN ECOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Beijing Forestry University
Original Assignee
Beijing Beilin Advanced Ecological Environmental Protection Technology Institute Co Ltd
ELION SHOUJIAN ECOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Beijing Forestry University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Beilin Advanced Ecological Environmental Protection Technology Institute Co Ltd, ELION SHOUJIAN ECOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd, Beijing Forestry University filed Critical Beijing Beilin Advanced Ecological Environmental Protection Technology Institute Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610179736.9A priority Critical patent/CN105733604B/en
Publication of CN105733604A publication Critical patent/CN105733604A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105733604B publication Critical patent/CN105733604B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K17/00Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials
    • C09K17/40Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials containing mixtures of inorganic and organic compounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09CRECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09C1/00Reclamation of contaminated soil
    • B09C1/08Reclamation of contaminated soil chemically
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2103/00Civil engineering use

Abstract

The invention discloses a soil conditioner applied to mine ecological restoration in an arid region as well as preparation and application methods thereof. The soil conditioner is prepared from the following raw materials: potassium polyacrylate, decomposed coal, biological potassium fulvate of sugar factory byproducts, natural zeolite powder and a compound microbial agent. The preparation method comprises the following steps: uniformly mixing the potassium polyacrylate, decomposed coal, biological potassium fulvate and natural zeolite powder in parts by weight; and adding water and diluting the compound microbial agent according to a ratio of 1:100, uniformly spraying, uniformly mixing again, and balancing for 10-20 days. The soil conditioner can be used for soil replacement covering engineering for repairing flat slope surface or slope surface with gentle slope in mining area and also can be used for ecological bag slope repair engineering for repairing soil sediment slope surface in mining area with steep slope and poor soil conditions. The soil conditioner can achieve the effects of obviously improving the plant emergence rate, improving water and nutrient conditions, improving physical and chemical properties of soil, increasing soil activity, accelerating the soil-ripening process and promoting vegetation growth.

Description

It is applicable to soil conditioner and the methods for making and using same of arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ecological reestablishment, particularly relate to a kind of soil being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine and change Good dose and methods for making and using same.
Background technology
(1) arid biogeographic zone Mine ecology problem present situation:
Show with assessment result in the investigation of China Geological Survey Bureau mine geological environment: to the end of the year in 2005, national mine because of Mining causes surface collapse 4500 many places, avalanche 1000 many places.The whole nation accounts for pressure and damage to land area because of mining activity 143.9 ten thousand hectares.Therefore, the problem needing solution during ecological restoration of mine is national economy sustainable development badly.Mining During, serious ecological environment problem is brought in discarded pit, refuse dump, Tailings Dam and subsidence area etc., mining Heavy metal contaminants in field, Tailings Dam, dust, the structural instability of refuse dump, destroyed land resource, brings tight Heavy soil pollution, water pollution, atmospheric pollution, soil erosion and landslide, the geological disaster such as cave in, destroy ecological ring Border, has a strong impact on the balance of ecosystem.Arid biogeographic zone mine is repaired simultaneously by natural environmental condition and mining destructiveness Restriction, drought, high and cold windy, soil layer is thin, soil depletion and soil property broken, lack plant implant, domatic The problems such as the long gradient is steep, therefore it is critical in arid biogeographic zone ecological restoration of mine solve shortage of water, soil depletion, water and soil dirt Dye is prevented and treated problem and keeps slope stability problem, reaches the repairing effect of ecological natural simultaneously, prevents from artificially hardening and two Secondary pollution.Therefore arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine be soil improvement and vegetation arrangement, under manual intervention quickly at all Recover vegetation, thus reach slope stability, pollution amelioration, the conservation of soil and water, restoring mature econogy environment.
(2) soil amelioration techniques progress and existing problems during arid biogeographic zone mine is repaired:
Current published patent focuses mostly on the heavy metal pollution in mine and soil depletion problem, for arid soil The research of improvement focuses mostly on alkaline land improving.The Chinese patent of Publication No. CN101722183A discloses a kind of weight Metallic pollution soil improvement method, by hand excavation's ditch or hole, adds chemical fertilizer, fertilizer, industrial waste in soil Thing, biosolids, alkaline matter etc., through absorption, chelating, complexation, etc. the fixing heavy metal ion of reaction;Publication number Chinese patent for CN102206110A discloses a kind of method utilizing the discarded ground of municipal sludge repairing mine, profit With municipal sludge, calcium superphosphate, potassium nitrate, magnesium sulfate, ferrous sulfate, boric acid, make the liquid that mine is repaired Compound fertilizer;The Chinese patent of Publication No. CN102618295A disclose a kind of ecological restoration of mine soil conditioner and Preparation method, utilizes mud, peat, loess, flyash, ardealite, soil binder, mycorhiza biological preparation by one Determine the soil conditioner that parts by weight are mixed, recovering mine wasteland vegetation is had good result.
Summing up arid biogeographic zone mine and repair mesostroma improving technology progress, investigative technique mainly includes the covering of table soil, physics The technology such as chemical modifying, biological modification, municipal sludge and garbage artificial substratum improvement.Plant growing is had by surface soil Have and affect significantly, typically in mine is repaired, owing to the ground soil horizons such as Mine production, discarded pit are thin, bar The problems such as part is poor, debris accumulation, heavy metal pollution, therefore table earthen backfill is a kind of conventional and maximally efficient measure, but Be its relate to table soil collection, deposit, secondary fall soil etc., quantities greatly, costly, destroy rare land resource.Change Learn improving technology, by applying chemical substance, mine soil is carried out acid-base value improvement and applying fertilizer enhancement row soil fertilizer Power, has an appreciable impact to revegetation, but chemical fertilizer effect short-term, need long-term manpower and materials to put into and safeguard;City Improving sludge is a focus of research at present, rich in organic matter in municipal sludge, the beneficially absorption of Plant To Nutrient, but Owing to containing plurality of heavy metal and other pollutant the most simultaneously, it is likely to result in secondary pollution;In biological modification technology generally With Lumbricus, algae and microorganism etc., it is possible to be obviously improved soil physico-chemical property, accelerate soil-ripening process, select simultaneously Suitable plants configuration, accelerates mine greening and repairs, and additionally inoculation bacterium technology such as fungus mycorhiza is applied in mine is repaired, Effective to soil improvement, but in the case of the land occupation conditions such as arid biogeographic zone are severe, biotechnology is relatively big by limitation, and effect is delayed Slowly.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine and preparation and application side Method.For the feature of arid biogeographic zone mine land occupation condition difficulty, treatment in accordance with local conditions, by soil amelioration techniques and ecological engineering measure Combine, on the basis of ecological safety environmental protection, comprehensively solve arid, barren, heavy metal pollution, repairing effect persistency Key technology.
It is an object of the invention to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
The soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine of the present invention, makes including following raw material:
Polyacrylic acid potassium salt, weathered coal, the biological humic acid potassium of sugar refinery side-product, natural zeolite powder, composite microbial bacteria Agent.
The preparation method of the above-mentioned soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine of the present invention, including following step Rapid:
First, by described polyacrylic acid potassium salt, weathered coal, biological humic acid potassium, natural zeolite powder by its parts by weight Mix homogeneously;
Then, by described complex micro organism fungicide in the ratio dilute of 1:100, uniformly sprinkling again mix homogeneously, Balance 10-20 days.
The application process of the above-mentioned soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine of the present invention, its feature exists In, including following any one application process:
For covering with new soil engineering, for relatively slow domatic of the most smooth or gradient, first carry out prepartion of land compacting, subtract The process of light later stage Non-uniform Settlement, peels off table soil by described soil conditioner with mining area original state or strange land mellow soil 1:1 mixes, Overlay on need to repair domatic on, different according to the requirement of field geology landforms, the difference of edaphic condition and recovery, cover The thickness of soil is 30~50cm;
Domatic compared with debris steep, that edaphic condition is poor for the gradient, this soil matrix is combined with ecology bag engineering measure, Select common degradable fibrous material ecology bag on market, select local native soil suitably to fill grass seed by two-layer wood pulp paper Be attached to the inner side of ecology bag, described soil conditioner and mining area original state are peeled off table soil or strange land mellow soil 1:1 mix after as Soil matrix is filled in ecology bag, and wrong stubble is piled up in the side slope that need to repair, when the gradient is more than 40 °, with concrete lattice Grating framework combines, and piles up ecology bag in sash, improves protection intensity.
As seen from the above technical solution provided by the invention, it is raw that what the embodiment of the present invention provided is applicable to arid biogeographic zone mine The soil conditioner of state recovery and methods for making and using same, can significantly improve plant emergence rate, improves water and nutrient condition, Improve soil physico-chemical property, increase soil activation, accelerate soil-ripening process, promote vegetation growth.
Accompanying drawing explanation
When Fig. 1 is to need to repair grade of side slope less than 40 ° in application process two, ecology bag directly wrong stubble is piled up in repairing side slope Front elevation view.
The things that in Fig. 1, each label is corresponding is: 1 ecology bag;2 toes.
When Fig. 2 is to need to repair grade of side slope less than 40 ° in application process two, ecology bag directly wrong stubble piled up in repairing The side elevational view of side slope.
The things that in Fig. 2, each label is corresponding is: 1 ecology bag;2 toes;Domatic after 3 consolidations.
When Fig. 3 is to need to repair grade of side slope more than 40 ° in application process two, ecology bag is tied mutually with concrete grating formula framework Close, sash is piled up ecology bag, for repairing the front elevation view of side slope.
The things that in Fig. 3, each label is corresponding is: 1 ecology bag;2 concrete grating formula frameworks;3 toes.
When Fig. 4 is to need to repair grade of side slope more than 40 ° in application process two, ecology bag is tied mutually with concrete grating formula framework Close, sash is piled up ecology bag, for repairing the side elevational view of side slope;
The things that in Fig. 4, each label is corresponding is: 1 ecology bag;2 toes;3 concrete grating formula frameworks;4 soils Domatic after arrangement.
Detailed description of the invention
The embodiment of the present invention will be described in further detail below.
The soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine of the present invention, its preferably detailed description of the invention is:
Make including following raw material:
Polyacrylic acid potassium salt, weathered coal, the biological humic acid potassium of sugar refinery side-product, natural zeolite powder, composite microbial bacteria Agent.
Each raw material weight number is as follows:
Weathered coal 70 parts, 15 parts of biological humic acid potassium, natural zeolite powder 15 parts, add poly-third by these three raw material cumulative volume Olefin(e) acid potassium salt 80g/ cube, complex micro organism fungicide 5g/ cube.
Described complex micro organism fungicide includes following 5 kinds of strains: nitrogen-fixing bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria, root nodule bacteria, solution starch spore bar Bacterium, bacillus subtilis, addition living bacteria count >=500,000,000/gram.
Described polyacrylic acid potassium salt is macromolecule water uptake resin, white particle or powder, and water absorbent rate is 400 times, certainly Can be absorbed water under the conditions of Ran 30-50 rear natural degradation repeatedly, without the Harmful Residue, and provides effective potassium composition for soil.
The preparation method of the above-mentioned soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine of the present invention, it preferably has Body embodiment is:
Comprise the following steps:
First, by described polyacrylic acid potassium salt, weathered coal, biological humic acid potassium, natural zeolite powder by its parts by weight Mix homogeneously;
Then, by described complex micro organism fungicide in the ratio dilute of 1:100, uniformly sprinkling again mix homogeneously, Balance 10-20 days.
The application process of the above-mentioned soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine of the present invention, it preferably has Body embodiment is:
Including following any one application process:
Application process one: for covering with new soil engineering, for relatively slow domatic of the most smooth or gradient, first carries out soil Smooth compacting, alleviates the process of later stage Non-uniform Settlement, and described soil conditioner and mining area original state are peeled off table soil or strange land Mellow soil 1:1 mixes, overlay on need to repair domatic on, according to field geology landforms, the difference of edaphic condition and recovery Requiring difference, the thickness of earthing is 30~50cm;
Application process two: as shown in Figures 1 to 4, domatic, by this soil compared with debris steep, that edaphic condition is poor for the gradient Substrate combines with ecology bag engineering measure, selects common degradable fibrous material ecology bag on market, selects local township Soil is suitably filled grass seed and is attached to the inner side of ecology bag by two-layer wood pulp paper, by described soil conditioner and the stripping of mining area original state Being filled in ecology bag as soil matrix after table soil or strange land mellow soil 1:1 mixing, wrong stubble is piled up in the side slope that need to repair, When the gradient is more than 40 °, combine with concrete grating formula framework, sash is piled up ecology bag, improve height protection strong Degree.
First the soil amelioration techniques of the present invention solves arid biogeographic zone water shortage problem, provides soil nutrient simultaneously, increases soil fertile Power, it is ensured that the optimum efficiency of early stage revegetation, meanwhile, provides good growing environment for complex microorganism, it is ensured that micro- Biological continual performance its increase soil activation, improve the best use of of soil property, accelerate soil-ripening process, The entrance promoting soil environment circulates benignly, and makes soil ecosystem reach and to maintain plant growing mutual with soil-ripening The poised state promoted.
The present invention is directed to the feature of arid biogeographic zone mine land occupation condition difficulty, soil conditioner is tied mutually with ecological engineering measure Closing, comprehensively solve the problems such as arid, barren, heavy metal pollution, side slope protection, ecological safety, effect are lasting.
The each raw material of soil conditioner of the present invention is described below:
Polyacrylic acid potassium salt: a kind of macromolecule water uptake resin, white particle or powder, water absorbent rate reaches 400 times, certainly Can be absorbed water under the conditions of Ran natural degradation repeatedly after 30-50 time, compared with traditional SAP, has that water absorbent rate is high, environmental protection can Degraded, pollution-free, improve the feature of the readily available nutrient of soil simultaneously.
Weathered coal: environmental type organic fertilizer raw material, it is provided that the organic matter needed for plant growing, weathered coal sieves 60-200 Mesh, wherein content of humic acid >=40%, the content of organic matter >=70%, first to carry out at activation during calcium ions and magnesium ions content height Reason.
Biological humic acid potassium: sugar refinery side-product, is pure natural fermentation product, without any side effects, wherein fulvic acid content About 45%, meanwhile, nitrogenous, phosphorus, potassium, aminoacid, crude protein, organic matter and various trace elements and dimension are raw Element, tropina, surface-active substance and somatomedin.
Natural zeolite powder: containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, organic and multiple mineralising trace element, and have adsorptivity, from Sub-commutativity, heavy metal ion in absorption soil.
Complex micro organism fungicide: include following 5 kinds of strains: nitrogen-fixing bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria, root nodule bacteria, bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus subtilis, addition living bacteria count >=500,000,000/gram.
The action principle of the present invention:
Polyacrylic acid potassium salt material mainly improves Soil Moisture, increases soil porosity;Weathered coal and natural zeolite powder Thering is provided organic matter, humic acids, N P and K, middle trace element etc. Deng material for soil, increase soil fertility, zeolite powder has There is Adsorption of Heavy Metals effect, alleviate heavy metal pollution;Complex micro organism fungicide increases soil microorganism, at polyacrylic acid potassium Salt can play one's part to the full under conditions of improving moisture, significantly improves soil activation.Three acts on soil jointly, water-soluble Property nutrition part can fast lifting soil fertility, bulky grain and macro-nutrients are under the effect of microorganism, slow (control) releases fertilizer, culture fertility, improves soil moisture, nutrient condition, increases soil agreegate, improves Soil structure, Comprehensively improve soil physico-chemical property, interact to each other simultaneously, promote to play each other bigger improved effect, accelerate soil Maturing process, the good soil environment created for revegetation.This improvement substrate is to soil and the lasting work of vegetation root system With, it is ensured that soil-ripening and vegetation growth process jointly carry out and mutually promote, and promote soil-vegetation ecosystem to reach steady Determine and keep benign cycle.
The present invention compared with prior art has a following difference:
1) polyacrylic acid potassium salt high-molecular water absorbing material is used for mine reparation by the present invention first, with traditional SAP phase Ratio, have water absorbent rate height, environment-friendly degradable, pollution-free, improve the feature of the readily available nutrient of soil simultaneously;
2) material that the present invention uses, polyacrylic acid potassium salt, weathered coal, natural zeolite powder, biological humic acid potassium (sugar refinery Side-product), complex micro organism fungicide, be Ecosystem environmental protection material, respond well and non-secondary pollution in repair process Risk;
3) present invention solve simultaneously the hydropenia in ecological restoration of mine, fertilizer deficiency, slow, the effect of taking effect not persistently, secondary pollution The problem of risk;
4) soil conditioner is combined with ecology bag Ecological Restoration Project measure and repairs, quickly for mine by the present invention first Recover vegetation, respond well quick and lasting.
The technical economic analysis of the present invention:
(1) technical specification:
1) improvement soil, improves soil moisture nutrient condition, improves soil physics, chemical property, increases soil activation, Accelerate soil-ripening process;
2) improve plant germination rate and emergence rate, promote vegetation growth, improve phytomass.
(2) economic indicator:
1) raw material of the present invention effectively utilizes the industrial waste such as weathered coal, sugar refinery side-product, reduces Financial cost, subtracts simultaneously Few handling and environmental improvement expense;
2) present invention effectively raises the effect of ecological restoration of mine, reduces after-culture and reseeds and late maintaining administration fee With;
3) present invention substantially improves soil physico-chemical property, improves water and fertilizer condition, can suitably select economic tree in mine is repaired Kind, produce economy of forestry benefit.
Specific embodiment:
Embodiment place is positioned at Wengniute Banner pile of stones mountain, the Inner Mongol, and mining area is discarded for many years, the ecology of in mining area and surrounding area Environmental disruption is serious, and large-area discarded side slope, pit and dump slag etc. have Land of Typical Arid Areas characteristic of mine.15 Year carry out mine reparation and the construction in mining geology park, in process of construction, select gradient length of grade at two, domatic broken Similar domatic of the land occupation conditions such as degree, carries out controlled trial according to related content of the present invention.In process of the test, control ecology The soil matrix filled in bag is unitary variant, other conditions such as execution conditions, process, maintenance management, irrigation times etc. Variable Control is constant.
Selecting PET material ecology bag, the specification of ecology bag will take 81cm*43cm, specification after filling: 60cm*36cm*15cm.Matched group ecology bag is filled strange land mellow soil, experimental group ecology bag is filled the examination of equal weight Test soil matrix, as test soil matrix after i.e. the soil conditioner of the present invention mixes with strange land mellow soil 1:1.Matched group with All adding the plant seed of equal in quality same ratio in experimental group ecology bag, seed is attached to ecology by two-layer wood pulp paper The inner side of bag, according to the climatic characteristic that the Inner Mongol is local, plant seed selects alfalfa, Melilotus suaveolens Ledeb., prairie milk vetch, black Wheat straw four kinds, same ratio mixes.
Variable Control table tested by table 1
Ecology bag packs and seals complete at Tu Chang, and ecology bag to be loaded into planting soil from bag mouth about 7~10cm Place, and during filling, artificial pier is real, will reach the design after ecology bag filling by the fulllyest packed for ecology Requirement.First side slope is cleared up smooth, horse is installed and puts populated ecology bag: make slope control yoke, and draw The gradient and slope angle line in line traffic control piece-wise step are all consistent, should control elevation in real time, it is ensured that domatic list in work progress It is consistent that plane amasss ecology bag quantity;Reserve 3-5cm space when piling up between ecology bag, with ensure compacting after ecology bag bag tail with Bag head connects, but does not produce overlap joint;Every layer pile up after ecology bag, hand compaction to be carried out also controls ecology bag thickness and is 14-15cm.Installation laggard pedestrian work spray water so that it is uniformly in infiltration ecology bag, the degree of depth of planting soil is 10- 15cm, it is ensured that unit are watering amount is identical.After construction, the first two week is the most important to germination, waters weekly Water 1-2 time, seed enters normal maintenance, carries out maintenance according to local climate after normally germinateing.
On the domatic sample ground drawing three 1m*1m respectively of matched group and experimental group, carry out the monitoring of following index: when one month The plant emergence rate on sample ground, normal maintenance stage water before (or rainfall) latter 5 days soil moisture contents, construction with construction after 4 Individual lunar regolith available nutrient, the content of organic matter, microbial biomass carbon (reaction micro organism quantity and microbial activity), And sample ground vegetation total biomass is monitored, and (soil moisture content, available nutrient, organic index each sample ground repeat three Sub-sampling, averages), testing result is analyzed.
Table 2 is constructed latter 30 days emergence rate (%) synopsis
Matched group Experimental group
Sample ground one 70.1 86.4
Sample ground two 64.2 88.4
Sample ground three 62.8 82.9
The table 3 normal maintenance stage waters (or rainfall) latter 5 days soil moisture content synopsis
Matched group Experimental group
Sample ground one 8.5 24.8
Sample ground two 11.7 22.1
Sample ground three 9.9 23.5
Table 4 construct before with construct rear 4 lunar regoliths effective N content synopsis (mg/kg)
Table 5 construct before with construct rear 4 lunar regoliths available P content synopsis (mg/kg)
Table 6 construct before with construct rear 4 lunar regoliths active potassic content synopsis (g/kg)
Table 7 construct before with construct rear 4 lunar regoliths quick-acting content of organic matter synopsis (g/kg)
Table 8 construct before with construct rear 4 lunar regolith microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen content synopsis
Table 9 with constructing rear 4 lunar samples plant total biomass synopsis (g/m2)
Matched group Experimental group
Sample ground one 10.20 30.65
Sample ground two 9.53 46.61
Sample ground three 15.89 45.86
Conclusion: from table 2-table 8 check analysis, its indices of soil matrix adding this invention soil conditioner is obvious Higher than matched group.
(1) emergence rate: early stage maintenance, owing to experimental group is the highest with matched group emergence rate, but adds soil conditioner Test group is apparently higher than matched group.
(2) soil moisture content: water (or rainfall) surveys soil moisture content in latter 5 days, adds the test group of soil conditioner (average moisture content 23.4) 6 is apparently higher than matched group (average moisture content 10.03), during precipitation in Soil improvement matrix Polyacrylic acid potassium salt fully absorbs water, slowly release water tariff collection soil moisture.
(3) available nutrient of soil, organic matter: during on-test, test group is owing to adding organic substance, and each index is the most micro- Higher than matched group, after testing 4 months, the test group sample ground soil sample available N and P, the potassium that add soil conditioner are all substantially high In matched group, micro organism quantity and activity are obviously higher than matched group.
(4) Biomass: after testing 4 months, the Biomass of the test group unit are adding soil conditioner is matched group 3.4 times of the Biomass of unit are, soil improver of improving the soil has obvious facilitation to plant growing.
To sum up, this invention soil conditioner application in arid biogeographic zone mine is repaired, hence it is evident that improve plant emergence rate, improves Water and nutrient condition, improves soil physico-chemical property, increases soil activation, accelerates soil-ripening process, promotes that vegetation is raw Long.
The above, the only present invention preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art in the technical scope of present disclosure, the change that can readily occur in or replace Change, all should contain within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be with claims Protection domain is as the criterion.

Claims (6)

1. the soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine, it is characterised in that include following raw material system Become:
Polyacrylic acid potassium salt, weathered coal, the biological humic acid potassium of sugar refinery side-product, natural zeolite powder, composite microbial bacteria Agent.
The soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Each raw material weight number is as follows:
Weathered coal 70 parts, 15 parts of biological humic acid potassium, natural zeolite powder 15 parts, add poly-third by these three raw material cumulative volume Olefin(e) acid potassium salt 80g/ cube, complex micro organism fungicide 5g/ cube.
The soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that Described complex micro organism fungicide includes following 5 kinds of strains: nitrogen-fixing bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria, root nodule bacteria, bacillus amyloliquefaciens, withered Grass bacillus cereus, addition living bacteria count >=500,000,000/gram.
The soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that Described polyacrylic acid potassium salt is macromolecule water uptake resin, white particle or powder, and water absorbent rate is 400 times, at natural bar Can be absorbed water under part 30-50 rear natural degradation repeatedly, without the Harmful Residue, and provides effective potassium composition for soil.
5. the preparation of the soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine described in an any one of Claims 1-4 Method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
First, by described polyacrylic acid potassium salt, weathered coal, biological humic acid potassium, natural zeolite powder by its parts by weight Mix homogeneously;
Then, by described complex micro organism fungicide in the ratio dilute of 1:100, uniformly sprinkling again mix homogeneously, Balance 10-20 days.
6. the application of the soil conditioner being applicable to arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine described in an any one of Claims 1-4 Method, it is characterised in that include following any one application process:
For covering with new soil engineering, for relatively slow domatic of the most smooth or gradient, first carry out prepartion of land compacting, subtract The process of light later stage Non-uniform Settlement, peels off table soil by described soil conditioner with mining area original state or strange land mellow soil 1:1 mixes, Overlay on need to repair domatic on, different according to the requirement of field geology landforms, the difference of edaphic condition and recovery, cover The thickness of soil is 30~50cm;
Domatic compared with debris steep, that edaphic condition is poor for the gradient, this soil matrix is combined with ecology bag engineering measure, Select common degradable fibrous material ecology bag on market, select local native soil suitably to fill grass seed by two-layer wood pulp paper Be attached to the inner side of ecology bag, described soil conditioner and mining area original state are peeled off table soil or strange land mellow soil 1:1 mix after as Soil matrix is filled in ecology bag, and wrong stubble is piled up in the side slope that need to repair, when the gradient is more than 40 °, with concrete lattice Grating framework combines, and piles up ecology bag in sash, improves protection intensity.
CN201610179736.9A 2016-03-25 2016-03-25 Soil conditioner and methods for making and using same suitable for arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine Active CN105733604B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610179736.9A CN105733604B (en) 2016-03-25 2016-03-25 Soil conditioner and methods for making and using same suitable for arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610179736.9A CN105733604B (en) 2016-03-25 2016-03-25 Soil conditioner and methods for making and using same suitable for arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105733604A true CN105733604A (en) 2016-07-06
CN105733604B CN105733604B (en) 2019-03-05

Family

ID=56252017

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610179736.9A Active CN105733604B (en) 2016-03-25 2016-03-25 Soil conditioner and methods for making and using same suitable for arid biogeographic zone recovery of ecologic environment in a mine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105733604B (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106068750A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-11-09 新疆林科院造林治沙研究所 Reproducing area salinized soil trench digging improvement method of forestation
CN106630186A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-10 东南大学 Agricultural waste/immobilized denitrifying bacteria mixed ecological bag and system for slope protection
CN109233848A (en) * 2018-09-11 2019-01-18 上海龙沛环保科技有限公司 Soil solidification modifying agent for slope treatment water and soil conservation
CN109328892A (en) * 2018-08-15 2019-02-15 江苏绿岩生态技术股份有限公司 A kind of river bank slope ecological restoring method
CN111943777A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-11-17 青海九0六工程勘察设计院 Soil conditioner suitable for mudstone surface layer barren soil
CN112375575A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-02-19 詹创雄 Repairing agent for copper-cadmium polluted acid soil and preparation method thereof
CN112740865A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-05-04 安徽理工大学 Method and device for repairing mine post-explosion environment by adopting biological bacteria and moss

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60262886A (en) * 1984-06-08 1985-12-26 Seikaken:Kk Soil conditioner
CN1569758A (en) * 2003-07-26 2005-01-26 朱绍林 Organic slow-release fertilizer additive
CN1915916A (en) * 2005-08-17 2007-02-21 有限会社农业科学研究所 Substance for farm and garden
CN105131970A (en) * 2015-09-21 2015-12-09 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Conditioner for improvement of saline-alkali soil

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60262886A (en) * 1984-06-08 1985-12-26 Seikaken:Kk Soil conditioner
CN1569758A (en) * 2003-07-26 2005-01-26 朱绍林 Organic slow-release fertilizer additive
CN1915916A (en) * 2005-08-17 2007-02-21 有限会社农业科学研究所 Substance for farm and garden
CN105131970A (en) * 2015-09-21 2015-12-09 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Conditioner for improvement of saline-alkali soil

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
周启星等: "《污染土壤修复原理与方法》", 29 February 2004, 科学出版社 *

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106068750A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-11-09 新疆林科院造林治沙研究所 Reproducing area salinized soil trench digging improvement method of forestation
CN106630186A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-10 东南大学 Agricultural waste/immobilized denitrifying bacteria mixed ecological bag and system for slope protection
CN109328892A (en) * 2018-08-15 2019-02-15 江苏绿岩生态技术股份有限公司 A kind of river bank slope ecological restoring method
CN109233848A (en) * 2018-09-11 2019-01-18 上海龙沛环保科技有限公司 Soil solidification modifying agent for slope treatment water and soil conservation
CN111943777A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-11-17 青海九0六工程勘察设计院 Soil conditioner suitable for mudstone surface layer barren soil
CN112375575A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-02-19 詹创雄 Repairing agent for copper-cadmium polluted acid soil and preparation method thereof
CN112740865A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-05-04 安徽理工大学 Method and device for repairing mine post-explosion environment by adopting biological bacteria and moss

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105733604B (en) 2019-03-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105733604A (en) Soil conditioner applied to mine ecological restoration in arid region as well as preparation and application methods thereof
Mensah Role of revegetation in restoring fertility of degraded mined soils in Ghana: A review
CN109181704B (en) Soil heavy metal and organic pollution remediation agent and preparation and application methods thereof
Mirck et al. Development of short-rotation willow coppice systems for environmental purposes in Sweden
Sheoran et al. Soil reclamation of abandoned mine land by revegetation: a review
CN101502214A (en) Coal gangue pulverizing article ecological recovery greening substrate and method of use thereof
CN103814647A (en) Saline land improvement method appropriate for arid and semi-arid region
CN105145038A (en) Method for repairing vegetation of coal mine storage yard
CN110121971A (en) A kind of method of metal mine acidity discarded ground ecological recovery
Maiti et al. Ecological restoration of coal mine degraded lands: topsoil management, pedogenesis, carbon sequestration, and mine pit limnology
CN104646404A (en) Method for assisting ecological restoration of tailings by utilizing urban excess sludge
CN108739255A (en) A kind of solid waste resource recovery is applied to side slope and repairs method in matrix
Brindle Use of native vegetation and biostimulants for controlling soil erosion on steep terrain
CN209866953U (en) Domatic soil three-dimensional ecological network of restoreing in abandonment tombarthite mining area
CN106489591A (en) A kind of substitution tables soil material for open coal mine
Flege Forest recultivation of coal-mined land: Problems and prospects
Sopper et al. Mine land reclamation with municipal sludge-Pennsylvania's demonstration program
Ranjan et al. Dump slope stabilisation through revegetation in iron ore mines in Bonai Iron ore range: a review
CN102206110B (en) Liquid compound fertilizer for restoration of mining wasteland with municipal domestic sludge and preparation method thereof
CN112897972B (en) Solid waste based porous material, preparation and ecological restoration method for coal gangue dump
Noyd et al. Native plant productivity and litter decomposition in reclamation of taconite iron ore tailing
Seul Bi et al. Vegetation of mono-layer landfill cover made of coal bottom ash and soil by compost application
CN108243854B (en) Greening method for waste ionic rare earth mining area
Hall et al. The use of sewage sludge in restoring disturbed and derelict land to agriculture
Wang et al. Study on land reclamation of soil dump and tailing pond in mining area

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant