CN105729287A - Wear-proof polishing unit for shaft part and application method thereof - Google Patents

Wear-proof polishing unit for shaft part and application method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105729287A
CN105729287A CN201610156183.5A CN201610156183A CN105729287A CN 105729287 A CN105729287 A CN 105729287A CN 201610156183 A CN201610156183 A CN 201610156183A CN 105729287 A CN105729287 A CN 105729287A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axial workpiece
outboard rack
protrusion
tooth bar
rack
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610156183.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李阳彬
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李阳彬
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Application filed by 李阳彬 filed Critical 李阳彬
Priority to CN201610156183.5A priority Critical patent/CN105729287A/en
Publication of CN105729287A publication Critical patent/CN105729287A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B29/00Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents
    • B24B29/02Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents designed for particular workpieces
    • B24B29/04Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents designed for particular workpieces for rotationally symmetrical workpieces, e.g. ball-, cylinder- or cone-shaped workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • B24B41/061Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies axially supporting turning workpieces, e.g. magnetically, pneumatically
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power

Abstract

The invention discloses a wear-proof polishing unit for a shaft part and an application method thereof. The polishing unit comprises a bearing base (8) and a polishing part (7) with a polishing strip (71). Mounting and clamping driving parts (82) arranged in left-and-right symmetry are born by the two ends of the bearing base (8) through bearings (80) in a rotary manner correspondingly. The two mounting and clamping driving parts (82) are oppositely arranged to mount and clamp the two ends of the shaft part (6) in position. The circumference of each mounting and clamping driving part (82) is fixedly provided with a big gear (822) located at the outer side and a small gear (821) located at the inner side. The big gear (822) and the small gear (821) are used for meshing with an outer side rack (92) and an inner side rack (91) correspondingly, wherein the outer rack (92) and the inner rack (91) are arranged in left-and-right symmetry. The shaft part (6) is accordingly driven to abut against the polishing strip (71) and is made to rotate relatively against the polishing strip (7) so that polishing operation is facilitated to be conducted.

Description

A kind of antiwear axial workpiece polissoir and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to polishing field, be specially a kind of antiwear axial workpiece polissoir and using method thereof.
Background technology
The occasion that the dimension precision requirement of axial workpiece is higher generally requires and is polished grinding.In order to reach the size needed, dimensioned and surface smooth finish processing can be carried out while grinding and polishing.This generally requires uses different polishing dynamics and rotary speed.In order to carry out different polishing strategies according to different workpiece, generally require and carry out different glossings according to different workpiece situations.Especially, when manually polishing, this glossing become along with different workpieces often relates to complex and various polissoir work station.This brings unfavorable factor to production cost, and relates to complex work station transfer step or complex control program.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of antiwear axial workpiece polissoir and using method thereof, it can overcome defect of the prior art.
nullThe antiwear axial workpiece polissoir of one according to an aspect of the present invention,Including polishing component and the supporting base with burnishing stick,The two ends of described supporting base rotatably support the driver part that is installed being symmetrical set respectively through bearing,The driver part that is installed described in two is oppositely arranged thus being installed in place by the two ends of described axial workpiece,It is installed on the periphery of driver part described in each and is installed with the gear wheel being positioned at outside and is positioned at the little gear of inner side,In order to engage with the outboard rack being symmetrical set and inner side tooth bar respectively thus driving described axial workpiece bear against described burnishing stick and relatively rotate relative to described burnishing stick to be polished operation,Rear end each in two described inner side tooth bars is connected with driving shank,Front end is provided with the recess of upward opening and the protrusion horizontal stripe that separates,In two described outboard rack, each rear end is provided with the protrusion extending in described recess,The downside of described outboard rack has been arranged around scalable location cone pin in described front side of protruding,When described protrusion horizontal stripe is in described protrusion fluid-tight engagement state,Described scalable location cone pin is against the anterior end surface of described protrusion horizontal stripe thus fixing in place by described protrusion horizontal stripe relative to described outboard rack,Now,Between trailing flank and the trailing flank of described recess of described protrusion, there is space D;The downside of described outboard rack is additionally provided with the leading section being resisted against described outboard rack and protrudes upper thus top pressure spring that described protrusion horizontal stripe is biased backward;The front end place of described supporting base be provided with convex wall engage with the leading flank with described outboard rack thus it is travelled forward carry out spacing, it is provided with the first roller bottom the tooth bar of described inner side, described first roller is provided with four, described first roller is separately positioned on bottom two described inner side tooth bars with each two one group, described leading section is protruded bottom and is provided with the second roller, described first roller and described second roller are directional wheel, such that it is able to improve this device to move motility.
According to a further aspect in the invention, the using method of above-mentioned polissoir, wherein, when described axial workpiece is carried out reburnishing by needs, described axial workpiece is applied big loading force by the polishing component of described burnishing stick, and described outboard rack is promoted forward to engage with described gear wheel thus described axial workpiece is carried out reburnishing by described driving shank;When described axial workpiece is gently polished by needs, described axial workpiece is applied little loading force by the polishing component of described burnishing stick, described outboard rack is continued to promote forward so that the leading flank of described outboard rack engages the convex wall at the front end place of described supporting base by described driving shank, and thus described outboard rack is limited;Described driving shank moves forward, described inner side tooth bar is made to overcome the biasing force of described top pressure spring and by the pressure of described scalable location cone pin thus relative to described outboard rack generation relative motion, thus pinion rotation described in the rack drives of described inner side is thus driving described axial workpiece to rotate, to carry out described light polishing.
Pass through the present invention, owing to being provided with two groups of different-diameters that workpiece can be driven to rotate and the gear of different modulus, its tooth bar engagement corresponding with two groups, it is thus possible to as required the pivot moment of the rotating speed of workpiece and needs transmission is adjusted, thus completing polishing work step two kinds different at a work station.And by arranging the two groups of tooth bars that can be one in front and one in back mutually linked, it enables to the tooth bar being positioned at front end place with the engagement of corresponding gear train thus completing the first polishing, these two groups of tooth bars being mutually linked can also switch to parallel join easily by the main motion of polishing, it is mutual relative motion, is so capable of the second polishing.It is achieved in the quick of two kinds of different glossings at same work station to switch.Adopt when reburnishing gear wheel to engage with corresponding tooth bar, it is possible to transmission high torque power;Adopt little gear to engage with corresponding tooth bar when light polishing, it is possible to so that polishing velocity is accelerated.And by arranging the space D between two tooth bar groups, it can be ensured that the interference effect that two groups of tooth bars will not be simultaneously engaged when engaging with corresponding gear.Whole apparatus structure is simple, reliable and easy to use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of a kind of antiwear axial workpiece polissoir of the present invention.
Device in Fig. 2 Fig. 1 look up structural representation, it is shown that the distribution of the total of tooth bar and the engagement system with gear.
Fig. 3 is the schematic cross-section of the device in Fig. 1, it is shown that the mode that is connected with each other of tooth bar and the engagement system with gear.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1-3, the present invention is described in detail.
nullThe antiwear axial workpiece polissoir of one according to embodiment,Including polishing component 7 and the supporting base 8 with burnishing stick 71,The two ends of described supporting base 8 rotatably support the driver part 82 that is installed being symmetrical set respectively through bearing 80,The driver part 82 that is installed described in two is oppositely arranged thus being installed in place by the two ends of described axial workpiece 6,It is installed on the periphery of driver part 82 described in each and is installed with the gear wheel 822 being positioned at outside and is positioned at the little gear 821 of inner side,In order to engage with the outboard rack 92 being symmetrical set and inner side tooth bar 91 respectively thus driving described axial workpiece 6 bear against described burnishing stick 71 and relatively rotate relative to described burnishing stick 71 to be polished operation,Rear end each in two described inner side tooth bars 91 is connected with driving shank 919,Front end is provided with the recess 911 of upward opening and the protrusion horizontal stripe 910 that separates,In two described outboard rack 92, each rear end is provided with the protrusion 921 extending in described recess 911,The downside of described outboard rack 92 has been arranged around scalable location cone pin 922 on front side of described protrusion 921,When described protrusion horizontal stripe 910 is in described protrusion 921 fluid-tight engagement state,Described scalable location cone pin 922 is against the anterior end surface of described protrusion horizontal stripe 910 thus fixing in place by described protrusion horizontal stripe 910 relative to described outboard rack 92,Now,Between trailing flank and the trailing flank of described recess 911 of described protrusion 921, there is space D;The downside of described outboard rack 92 is additionally provided with the leading section being resisted against described outboard rack 92 and protrudes on 929 thus top pressure spring 928 that described protrusion horizontal stripe 910 is biased backward;The front end place of described supporting base 8 be provided with convex wall 81 engage with the leading flank with described outboard rack 92 thus it is travelled forward carry out spacing, the first roller 101 it is provided with bottom described inner side tooth bar 91, described first roller 101 is provided with four, described first roller 101 is separately positioned on bottom two described inner side tooth bars 91 with each two one group, described leading section is protruded and is provided with the second roller 102 bottom 929, described first roller 101 is directional wheel with described second roller 102, such that it is able to improve this device to move motility.
Valuably, wherein, described driving shank 919 is manual operation shank.
According to embodiment, the using method of described polissoir, wherein, when described axial workpiece 6 is carried out reburnishing by needs, described axial workpiece 6 is applied big loading force by the polishing component 7 of described burnishing stick 71, and described outboard rack 92 is promoted forward to engage with described gear wheel 822 thus described axial workpiece 6 is carried out reburnishing by described driving shank 919;When described axial workpiece 6 is gently polished by needs, described axial workpiece 6 is applied little loading force by the polishing component 7 of described burnishing stick 71, described driving shank 919 continues described outboard rack 92 to promote forward so that the leading flank of described outboard rack 92 engages the convex wall 81 at the front end place of described supporting base 8, and thus described outboard rack 92 is limited;Described driving shank 919 moves forward, described inner side tooth bar 91 is made to overcome the biasing force of described top pressure spring 928 and be depressed by described scalable location cone pin 922 thus there is relative motion relative to described outboard rack 92, thus described inner side tooth bar 91 drives described little gear 821 to rotate thus driving described axial workpiece 6 to rotate, to carry out described light polishing.
Owing to being provided with two groups of different-diameters that workpiece can be driven to rotate and the gear of different modulus, its tooth bar engagement corresponding with two groups, it is thus possible to as required the pivot moment of the rotating speed of workpiece and needs transmission is adjusted, thus completing polishing work step two kinds different at a work station.And by arranging the two groups of tooth bars that can be one in front and one in back mutually linked, it enables to the tooth bar being positioned at front end place with the engagement of corresponding gear train thus completing the first polishing, these two groups of tooth bars being mutually linked can also switch to parallel join easily by the main motion of polishing, it is mutual relative motion, is so capable of the second polishing.It is achieved in the quick of two kinds of different glossings at same work station to switch.Adopt when reburnishing gear wheel to engage with corresponding tooth bar, it is possible to transmission high torque power;Adopt little gear to engage with corresponding tooth bar when light polishing, it is possible to so that polishing velocity is accelerated.And by arranging the space D between two tooth bar groups, it can be ensured that the interference effect that two groups of tooth bars will not be simultaneously engaged when engaging with corresponding gear.
By with upper type, those skilled in the art can make various change according to mode of operation within the scope of the invention.

Claims (3)

  1. null1. an antiwear axial workpiece polissoir,Including polishing component (7) and the supporting base (8) with burnishing stick (71),The two ends of described supporting base (8) rotatably support the driver part that is installed (82) being symmetrical set respectively through bearing (80),The driver part (82) that is installed described in two is oppositely arranged thus being installed in place by the two ends of described axial workpiece (6),It is installed on the periphery of driver part (82) described in each and is installed with the gear wheel (822) being positioned at outside and is positioned at the little gear (821) of inner side,In order to engage with the outboard rack (92) being symmetrical set and inner side tooth bar (91) respectively thus driving described axial workpiece (6) bear against described burnishing stick (71) and relatively rotate relative to described burnishing stick (71) to be polished operation,Rear end each in two described inner sides tooth bar (91) is connected with driving shank (919),Front end is provided with the recess (911) of upward opening and the protrusion horizontal stripe (910) that separates,In two described outboard rack (92), each rear end is provided with the protrusion (921) extending in described recess (911),The downside of described outboard rack (92) has been arranged around scalable location cone pin (922) in described protrusion (921) front side,When described protrusion horizontal stripe (910) is in described protrusion (921) fluid-tight engagement state,Described scalable location cone pin (922) is against the anterior end surface of described protrusion horizontal stripe (910) thus by fixing relative to described outboard rack (92) for described protrusion horizontal stripe (910) in place,Now,Between trailing flank and the trailing flank of described recess (911) of described protrusion (921), there is spacing (D);The downside of described outboard rack (92) is additionally provided with the leading section being resisted against described outboard rack (92) protrude (929) upper thus top pressure spring (928) that described protrusion horizontal stripe (910) is biased backward;The front end place of described supporting base (8) be provided with convex wall (81) engage with the leading flank with described outboard rack (92) thus it is travelled forward carry out spacing, bottom, described inner side tooth bar (91) is provided with the first roller (101), described first roller (101) is provided with four, described first roller (101) is separately positioned on two described inner side tooth bar (91) bottoms with each two one group, described leading section is protruded (929) bottom and is provided with the second roller (102), described first roller (101) and described second roller (102) are directional wheel, such that it is able to improve this device to move motility.
  2. 2. polissoir as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described driving shank (919) is manual operation shank.
  3. 3. the using method of polissoir as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein, when described axial workpiece (6) is carried out reburnishing by needs, described axial workpiece (6) is applied big loading force by the polishing component (7) of described burnishing stick (71), and described outboard rack (92) is promoted forward to engage with described gear wheel (822) thus described axial workpiece (6) is carried out reburnishing by described driving shank (919);When described axial workpiece (6) is gently polished by needs, described axial workpiece (6) is applied little loading force by the polishing component (7) of described burnishing stick (71), described outboard rack (92) is continued to promote forward so that the leading flank of described outboard rack (92) engages the convex wall (81) at the front end place of described supporting base (8) by described driving shank (919), and thus described outboard rack (92) is limited;Described driving shank (919) moves forward, described inner side tooth bar (91) is made to overcome the biasing force of described top pressure spring (928) and by the pressure of described scalable location cone pin (922) thus there is relative motion relative to described outboard rack (92), thus described inner side tooth bar (91) drives described little gear (821) to rotate thus driving described axial workpiece (6) to rotate, to carry out described light polishing.
CN201610156183.5A 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Wear-proof polishing unit for shaft part and application method thereof Pending CN105729287A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610156183.5A CN105729287A (en) 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Wear-proof polishing unit for shaft part and application method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610156183.5A CN105729287A (en) 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Wear-proof polishing unit for shaft part and application method thereof

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN105729287A true CN105729287A (en) 2016-07-06

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6268268A (en) * 1985-09-20 1987-03-28 Tipton Mfg Corp Work shaft drive device for gyro polishing machine
CN201807963U (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-04-27 信阳航天标准件厂 Shaft component polishing tooling
CN202251919U (en) * 2011-09-19 2012-05-30 上海中科深江电动车辆有限公司 Gear-shifting location device of two-gear electric control mechanical automatic transmission for electric vehicle
CN103084962A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-05-08 无锡英特帕普威孚液压有限责任公司 Step shaft part computer numerical control (CNC) polishing machine
CN204868471U (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-12-16 浦江雄达机械设备有限公司 Novel steel pipe polishing and grinding machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6268268A (en) * 1985-09-20 1987-03-28 Tipton Mfg Corp Work shaft drive device for gyro polishing machine
CN201807963U (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-04-27 信阳航天标准件厂 Shaft component polishing tooling
CN202251919U (en) * 2011-09-19 2012-05-30 上海中科深江电动车辆有限公司 Gear-shifting location device of two-gear electric control mechanical automatic transmission for electric vehicle
CN103084962A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-05-08 无锡英特帕普威孚液压有限责任公司 Step shaft part computer numerical control (CNC) polishing machine
CN204868471U (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-12-16 浦江雄达机械设备有限公司 Novel steel pipe polishing and grinding machine

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