CN105717798B - A kind of smart home solid bodyguard - Google Patents

A kind of smart home solid bodyguard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105717798B
CN105717798B CN201610149698.2A CN201610149698A CN105717798B CN 105717798 B CN105717798 B CN 105717798B CN 201610149698 A CN201610149698 A CN 201610149698A CN 105717798 B CN105717798 B CN 105717798B
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China
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light
control
alarm
sensor
module
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CN201610149698.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105717798A (en
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甘常松
范高堂
李承峰
林丽安
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陈丹红
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of smart home solid bodyguard, intelligent domestic gateway includes control layer and interface layer;Environmentally sensitive system includes several sensors, processor, communication module and output control equipment, and sensor includes current sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, smog alarm sensor and gas alarm sensor;Safety-protection system includes server, control system, alarm system, detecting system, GSM transmitting modules, execution system;Household service system includes water power coal expense recharging and paying module, call charging module, community service notification module, safeguards repair module.The present invention certification and encryption mechanism centered on intelligent domestic gateway ensure Data Data safety and user security, realize that point-to-point data transmission without any setting, reaches the remote control and monitoring function of digital family system by mobile client.

Description

A kind of smart home solid bodyguard

Technical field

The invention belongs to smart home field more particularly to a kind of smart home solid bodyguards.

Background technology

Intelligent domestic system is to utilize comprehensive wiring technology, network communication technology, safety precaution skill using house as platform Art, automatic control technology, audio frequency and video technology integrate the related facility of home life, build efficient housing facilities and Family Day The management system of journey affairs promotes house security, convenience, comfort, artistry, and realizes the inhabitation ring of environmental protection and energy saving Border.

Currently, traditional intelligence household system is required for putting into great workload and cost in terms of configuration and software upgrading And safety is poor, does not adapt to the needs of modernization development.

Invention content

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of smart home solid bodyguards, it is intended to solve existing intelligent domestic system at The problem of this height, safety difference.

The invention is realized in this way a kind of smart home solid bodyguard includes intelligent domestic gateway, client, intelligent family Electric system, environmentally sensitive system, safety-protection system, household service system;

The intelligent domestic gateway includes control layer and interface layer;

Control layer, is used for the control management of gateway, and controls connection application layer, which includes:

Interactive unit for carrying out information exchange with user, the interactive unit are connected with main control unit;

Metering units for measuring home-use electricity, the metering units are connected with main control unit, 220V input circuits;

For the execution unit of rationing the power supply of household electricity spatial load forecasting, it is described ration the power supply execution unit respectively with main control unit, Home circuit input circuit is connected;

Power supply unit for powering for modules, the power supply unit respectively with main control unit, interactive unit, metering Unit, wireless routing communication unit, plc communication unit and execution unit of rationing the power supply are connected;

Interface layer, for being connect with external device communication;Exchange of media layer is additionally provided between interface layer and control layer;Using Application program compatibility interface is equipped in layer;Contain communication protocols translation layer and protocol adaptation component in interface layer;The interface layer packet It includes:

For Broadband Network Access, the covering of indoor wireless networks signal and wireless routing with the communication of other communicating terminals Communication unit, the wireless routing communication unit are connected with main control unit;Plc communication list for indoor power line carrier communication Member, the plc communication unit are connected with main control unit, 220V power lines respectively;

The intelligent appliance system includes the central control unit of installation in the client, and is mounted on the intelligence Electrical equipment control end in household electrical appliances;

The client is for display control menu and household appliance working condition and the control menu according to display Send out control signal;

For that will control information, network is sent to the electrical equipment control end, institute to the central control unit by radio communication Electrical equipment control end is stated for operating parameter to be arranged to control the intelligent appliance according to the control information;

The control information includes the set information of operating parameter and function to the intelligent appliance;

The environmentally sensitive system includes several sensors, processor, communication module and output control equipment, described Sensor include current sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, smog alarm sensor and gas alarm sensor;

The current sensor is mounted on each household electrical appliance of resident family, the temperature sensor and humidity sensor In each room of resident family, the signal output end of each sensor is connected with the signal input part of processor, the processing The control signal output of device is connected with the control signal input of output control equipment, and output control equipment includes switch, sky Reconciliation humidifier, the switch, air-conditioning and humidifier respectively control the switch of household electrical appliance, temperature and humidity, locate The signal of communication end for managing device is connected by communication module with the signal input part of corresponding floor gateway, and each gateway passes through network and pipe Central server connection is managed, the management center server exports the networked information of each resident family;

The smog alarm sensor and gas alarm sensor is installed in resident family room, and the smog alarm passes The signal output end of sensor and gas alarm sensor is connected with the signal input part of processor;

The safety-protection system includes server, control system, alarm system, detecting system, GSM transmitting modules, executes System;

The control system includes local control end and remote control terminal, alarm system connection process control End, alarm system also pass through server and connect remote control terminal by GSM transmitting modules, which connects with client It connects;

The detecting system connection local control end, detecting system also pass through server and connect remote control terminal, execute System connects local control end, also passes through server and connects remote control terminal, the detecting system include pyrotechnics detection module, Gate inhibition's probe sensing module, window prohibit probe sensing module, camera, and the execution system includes that fire executes system and door and window Automatic opening and closing system;

Characteristic extracting module is provided in the face recognition device, this feature extraction module is extracted for construction feature Operator extracts facial image feature vector, the specific steps are:

Step 1: collecting N number of sample is used as training set X, sample mean m is found out using following formula:

Wherein, xi∈ sample training collection X=(x1, x2..., xN);

Step 2: finding out scatter matrix S:

Find out the eigenvalue λ i and corresponding feature vector ei of scatter matrix, wherein ei is principal component, by characteristic value from It arrives greatly and small is arranged in order λ 1, λ 2 ...;

Assuming that taking out p value, λ 1, λ 2 ..., λ p can determine face space E=(e1, e2 ..., eP), in this face space On, in training sample X, the point that each element projects to the space can be obtained by following formula:

x'i=Etxi, t=1,2 ..., N;

What is obtained by above formula is p dimensional vectors by former vector after PCA dimensionality reductions;

The characteristic extracting module is based on sparse representation, and plurality of human faces identification is carried out using SRC face recognition algorithms;

Use SRC face recognition algorithms carry out plurality of human faces identification specific method for:

The recognition result of each face of present frame is obtained to present frame Face datection and by coordinate sequence;It is each according to present frame The recognition result of a face calculates corresponding each face respectively adjacent n frames recognition result;The identity for counting each face, by surpassing The Unified Identity of more than half n/2 determines the final identity of target;

Wherein, calculate picture and face database to be identified it is of all categories between reconstruction error { r1, r2……rn, r1<r2<……< rn, by obtained similarity value according toRule determine final recognition result;Wherein T1 For rate value, T1=0.6.

The household service system includes water power coal expense recharging and paying module, call charging module, community service notice Module safeguards repair module.

Further, the wireless routing communication unit receives client and is passed to the intelligent domestic gateway by internet Defeated instruction and/or audio and video, wherein described instruction determine according to the operation information of the user got by client, and Described instruction and/or audio and video are sent to control layer;

The control layer receives instruction and/or the audio and video of the wireless routing communication unit unit transmission, through recognizing safely Card module determines the process object of described instruction and/or the audio and video from described instruction after being authenticated, and described in determination The address of process object;The wireless routing communication unit is according to described address by described instruction and/or the audio and video The process object is sent to be handled and/or presented;

The security authentication module includes:It is whole that secure accessing controls interchanger, Web access authentications server and user End, the Web access authentications server control interchanger by network and secure accessing and interconnect, and the secure accessing control exchanges Machine is by accessing network connection user terminal;

The Web access authentications server is used for user terminal access-in management, web authentication, controls the secure accessing Interchanger carries out access and controls and sets, interacts and record subscriber terminal access authentication correlation log with external system;

The secure accessing control interchanger is used to learn and safeguard polynary group information, interception and the redirection of user terminal Unauthenticated user terminal HTTP access requests are to Web access authentications server and receive the Web access authentications server Access is controlled and set, and carries out access verification to user terminal message by packet filtering mode, and check and be arranged IP packet DSCP values.

Further, gate inhibition probe sensing module includes door status sensor, RFID card-reading apparatus, face recognition device And access controller, the door status sensor, RFID card-reading apparatus and face recognition device are installed on the door of resident family, institute The signal output end of door status sensor, RFID card-reading apparatus and the face recognition device stated is connected with intelligent domestic gateway.

Further, the central control unit includes input management end, exchange gateway, outgoing management end, and described is defeated Enter the front end inside the centrally disposed control unit of management end, the exchange gateway is connected to input management end and outgoing management Between end, the rear side in exchange gateway is arranged in the outgoing management end.

Further, the output control equipment includes cryptanalysis device, information-storing device, and the cryptanalysis device is set The inner upper end in output control equipment is set, the information-storing device is connected to the side of cryptanalysis device.

Further, the alarm system includes detector, light alarm apparatus, phonetic alarm, and the detector is set It sets in the upper end of alarm system, the light alarm apparatus is connected to the downside of detector, and the phonetic alarm is connected to The side of light alarm apparatus.

Further, the audio alert implement body uses siren sound loudspeaker warner, setting operation keyboard, voice to carry Show device, LCD data exception display screens.

Further, the detection implement body is combined using sound wave detector and fixing, and light is arranged in sound wave detector Fine and light element, light element are fixed on by fixing material in detector body, and fixed material is formed in the week of light element At least part of at least part enclosed, light element is formed by glass, and fixed material is fluorine resin material, tetrafluoro second Dioxol polymer (TFE/PDD) and fluorine silicone rubber between alkene-perfluor can also be refractive index of the refractive index than light element Low low-refraction silicone resin or methyl system silicone resin, the light exit side of light element are guide-lighting single by fixing material covering Member includes the first light conducting member conducted to the light being emitted from light source and makes to be spread simultaneously by the light that the first light conducting member conduct To the second light conducting member near sound wave detector, the second light conducting member is incident in the light of light from the incidence of the first light conducting member for conduction Side includes the light pervasion component for making incident light spread, in the first light conducting member and the second light conducting member at least the second light conducting member by Fixed material is fixed, and only the second light conducting member is fixed by fixing material in the first light conducting member and the second light conducting member, geometrical clamp Attached bag is included with long element proximally and distally, and fixing further includes at least one far-end mounted on long element Opposed member and shell, opposed member are arranged in the part that detector is clamped between long element and opposed member, phase Component is extended from the proximal end for being distally-oriented to long element of long element, opposed member is connected to elongated structure by traversing component Part traverses component and is arranged to engage the top edge of a part for detector in use, and opposed member is by towards elongated structure Part and be resiliently biased, shell is mounted to long element, the shell in the side opposite with opposed member of long element It is pivotally mounted to long element around the axis transverse to the longitudinal direction of long element, shell is relative to long element It is slidably mounted, the brake apparatus of the opposite sliding for preventing shell and long element, brake apparatus includes rack and spine Pawl.

Further, the light alarm apparatus specifically uses infra-red alarm, setting DC power supply, infrared light emission electricity Road, infrared electro conversion circuit, level signal amplifying circuit, DC power supply include light source, drive light source pulse generating circuit, Total control circuit and power-supply battery, light alarm apparatus shell, light alarm apparatus shell include the pedestal and circular arc type of cylindrical type Upper cover, light source are the red high-brightness light emitting diode LED of at least one set for being specially embedded upper cover, every group of two pole of red high-brightness luminous Pipe LED includes the orthogonal red high-brightness light emitting diode LED of 2 axis, and total control circuit controls the pulse generation electricity The pulse duty factor and pulse width on road control continuous 8 pulses and light high-brightness light emitting diode LED, total control circuit control Audio and impulse generator export bass signal to woofer, the resonance of the frequency and light alarm apparatus shell of audio signal Frequency is consistent, and the matrix of alarm shell opens up several apertures, and the region that matrix inner wall opens up several apertures covers hydrophobic Ultrafiltration membrane material, is provided with built-in button, and below power-supply battery and periphery is provided with thermal insulation material, infrared light emission circuit It is made of infrared light-emitting diode, resistance and linear potentiometer, the model SE303 that infrared light-emitting diode is selected, infrared hair Optical diode anode is red by resistor wiring potentiometer one end, the linear potentiometer other end and its activity termination circuit anode UV light-emitting diode cathode with connecing circuit, infrared electro conversion circuit by infrared photodiode, resistance, NPN transistor, when Base circuit and capacitance composition, the model PH202 that infrared photodiode is selected, the model NE555 that time base circuit is selected.

The smart home solid bodyguard of the present invention is arranged cryptanalysis device, improves encipherment protection;Setting information stores Device enhances information preservation and locating function;Light alarm apparatus is set, the efficient promptness of alarm is improved;Voice reporting is set Alert device, realizes Rapid Alarm function;Centered on intelligent domestic gateway certification and encryption mechanism ensure Data Data safety and User security can realize that point-to-point data transmission without any setting, reaches system of digital home by mobile client The remote control and monitoring function of system.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of smart home solid bodyguard provided in an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the central control unit structural schematic diagram of smart home solid bodyguard provided in an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the output control equipment structural schematic diagram of smart home solid bodyguard provided in an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the alarm system structural schematic diagram of smart home solid bodyguard provided in an embodiment of the present invention;

In figure:1, intelligent domestic gateway;2, client;3, intelligent appliance system;3-1, central control unit;It is 3-1-1, defeated Enter management end;3-1-2, exchange gateway;3-1-3, outgoing management end;3-2, electrical equipment control end;4, environmentally sensitive system;4-1, biography Sensor;4-2, processor;4-3, communication module;4-4, output control equipment;4-4-1, cryptanalysis device;4-4-2, information storage Device;5, safety-protection system;5-1, server;5-2, control system;5-3, alarm system;5-3-1, detector;5-3-2, light report Alert device;5-3-3, phonetic alarm;5-4, detecting system;5-5, GSM transmitting module;5-6, system is executed;6, household service system System;6-1, water power coal take recharging and paying module;6-2, call charging module;6-3, community service notification module;6-4, report is safeguarded Dispatching module.

Specific implementation mode

In order to further understand the content, features and effects of the present invention, the following examples are hereby given, and coordinate attached drawing Detailed description are as follows.

As shown in Figs 1-4, the invention is realized in this way, a kind of smart home solid bodyguard include intelligent domestic gateway 1, Client 2, intelligent appliance system 3, environmentally sensitive system 4, safety-protection system 5, household service system 6;

The intelligent domestic gateway 1 includes control layer and interface layer;

Control layer, is used for the control management of gateway, and controls connection application layer, which includes:

Interactive unit for carrying out information exchange with user, the interactive unit are connected with main control unit;

Metering units for measuring home-use electricity, the metering units are connected with main control unit, 220V input circuits;

For the execution unit of rationing the power supply of household electricity spatial load forecasting, it is described ration the power supply execution unit respectively with main control unit, Home circuit input circuit is connected;

Power supply unit for powering for modules, the power supply unit respectively with main control unit, interactive unit, metering Unit, wireless routing communication unit, plc communication unit and execution unit of rationing the power supply are connected;

Interface layer, for being connect with external device communication;Exchange of media layer is additionally provided between interface layer and control layer;Using Application program compatibility interface is equipped in layer;Contain communication protocols translation layer and protocol adaptation component in interface layer;The interface layer packet It includes:

For Broadband Network Access, the covering of indoor wireless networks signal and wireless routing with the communication of other communicating terminals Communication unit, the wireless routing communication unit are connected with main control unit;Plc communication list for indoor power line carrier communication Member, the plc communication unit are connected with main control unit, 220V power lines respectively;

The intelligent appliance system 3 includes the central control unit 3-1 of installation in the client, and mounted on described Electrical equipment control end 3-2 in intelligent appliance;

The client 2 is for display control menu and household appliance working condition and the control menu according to display Send out control signal;

For that will control information, network is sent to the electrical equipment control to the central control unit 3-1 by radio communication End, the electrical equipment control end 3-2 are used to that operating parameter to be arranged to control the intelligent appliance according to the control information;

The control information includes the set information of operating parameter and function to the intelligent appliance;

The environmentally sensitive system 4 includes several sensors 4-1, processor 4-2, communication module 4-3 and output control Control equipment 4-4, the sensor 4-1 include current sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, smog alarm sensor With gas alarm sensor;

The current sensor is mounted on each household electrical appliance of resident family, the temperature sensor and humidity sensor In each room of resident family, the signal output end of each sensor is connected with the signal input part of processor, the processing The control signal output of device is connected with the control signal input of output control equipment, and output control equipment includes switch, sky Reconciliation humidifier, the switch, air-conditioning and humidifier respectively control the switch of household electrical appliance, temperature and humidity, locate The signal of communication end for managing device is connected by communication module with the signal input part of corresponding floor gateway, and each gateway passes through network and pipe Central server connection is managed, the management center server exports the networked information of each resident family;

The smog alarm sensor and gas alarm sensor is installed in resident family room, and the smog alarm passes The signal output end of sensor and gas alarm sensor is connected with the signal input part of processor;

The safety-protection system 5 includes server 5-1, control system 5-2, alarm system 5-3, detecting system 5-4, GSM Transmitting module 5-5, system 5-6 is executed;

The control system 5-2 includes local control end and remote control terminal, the alarm system connection process control End processed, alarm system also pass through GSM transmitting modules 5-5 connection remote control terminals, the remote control terminal and client by server End connection;

The detecting system 5-4 connection local controls end, detecting system also pass through server and connect remote control terminal, hold Row system connects local control end, also passes through server and connects remote control terminal, the detecting system includes pyrotechnics detection mould Block, gate inhibition pop one's head in sensing module, window prohibit probe sensing module, camera, the execution system include fire execute system and Door and window automatic opening and closing system;

Characteristic extracting module is provided in face recognition device, this feature extraction module extracts operator for construction feature, Facial image feature vector is extracted, the specific steps are:

Step 1: collecting N number of sample is used as training set X, sample mean m is found out using following formula:

Wherein, xi∈ sample training collection X=(x1, x2..., xN);

Step 2: finding out scatter matrix S:

Find out the eigenvalue λ i and corresponding feature vector ei of scatter matrix, wherein ei is principal component, by characteristic value from It arrives greatly and small is arranged in order λ 1, λ 2 ...;

Assuming that taking out p value, λ 1, λ 2 ..., λ p can determine face space E=(e1, e2 ..., eP), in this face space On, in training sample X, the point that each element projects to the space can be obtained by following formula:

x'i=Etxi, t=1,2 ..., N;

What is obtained by above formula is p dimensional vectors by former vector after PCA dimensionality reductions;

The characteristic extracting module is based on sparse representation, and plurality of human faces identification is carried out using SRC face recognition algorithms;

Use SRC face recognition algorithms carry out plurality of human faces identification specific method for:

The recognition result of each face of present frame is obtained to present frame Face datection and by coordinate sequence;It is each according to present frame The recognition result of a face calculates corresponding each face respectively adjacent n frames recognition result;The identity for counting each face, by surpassing The Unified Identity of more than half n/2 determines the final identity of target;

Wherein, calculate picture and face database to be identified it is of all categories between reconstruction error { r1, r2……rn, r1<r2<……< Rn, by obtained similarity value according toRule determine final recognition result;Wherein T1 For rate value, T1=0.6;

The household service system 6 takes recharging and paying module 6-1, call charging module 6-2, community's clothes including water power coal Business notification module 6-3, repair module 6-4 is safeguarded.

First, internet channel is connected to home router (Internet portal and office of family by WIFI built in gateway Domain net), the signal output of TV set-top box (Broadcasting Cable Network) is linked into the digital/analog signal input module of gateway system, gateway The number display output of system is connected with home television set, and finally, the wired ethernet mouth of gateway system accesses community local area network. Family lan is added through WIFI connection home routers in the smart machines such as video intercom indoor terminal, mobile phone, tablet.Family Interior various electrical equipments are added to smart home system by the front end access way of wired or wireless (ZigBee, infrared etc.) System, intelligent domestic system access multifunctional intellectual net by wired mode such as ZigBee wireless networkings or CAN, TCP/IP again It closes (intelligent gateway has integrated ZigBee coordinator modules and CAN communication agreement).Multifunctional gateway just completes in this way:Family The fusion connection of LAN, community local area network, Broadcasting Cable Network and intelligent home network.

The purposes and Synergy of display terminal can effectively be promoted.After video intercom network construction, utilization rate is not high, can It is not fully used depending on intercommunication indoor terminal display screen, causes the waste of resource.By this digital family network system, no But common TV can be upgraded to smart television, while can be the hardware cost that user saves video intercom indoor terminal, passed through Directly use living-room TV as the terminal of display and the interaction of intercom system.Or indoor terminal of the installation with radio function Afterwards, the information for increasing high in the clouds push displayed on the terminals, to improve the service efficiency of intercommunication indoor terminal display screen, extension pair Say the use scope of terminal.

Further, the wireless routing communication unit receives client and is passed to the intelligent domestic gateway by internet Defeated instruction and/or audio and video, wherein described instruction determine according to the operation information of the user got by client, and Described instruction and/or audio and video are sent to control layer;

The control layer receives instruction and/or the audio and video of the wireless routing communication unit unit transmission, through recognizing safely Card module determines the process object of described instruction and/or the audio and video from described instruction after being authenticated, and described in determination The address of process object;The wireless routing communication unit is according to described address by described instruction and/or the audio and video The process object is sent to be handled and/or presented;

The security authentication module includes:It is whole that secure accessing controls interchanger, Web access authentications server and user End, the Web access authentications server control interchanger by network and secure accessing and interconnect, and the secure accessing control exchanges Machine is by accessing network connection user terminal;

The Web access authentications server is used for user terminal access-in management, web authentication, controls the secure accessing Interchanger carries out access and controls and sets, interacts and record subscriber terminal access authentication correlation log with external system;

The secure accessing control interchanger is used to learn and safeguard polynary group information, interception and the redirection of user terminal Unauthenticated user terminal HTTP access requests are to Web access authentications server and receive the Web access authentications server Access is controlled and set, and carries out access verification to user terminal message by packet filtering mode, and check and be arranged IP packet DSCP values.

Certification and encryption mechanism centered on intelligent domestic gateway ensure Data Data safety and user security, a side Face is the safety certification to user and smart home device, and from equipment angle, smart home device will meet wanting for systemic presupposition Networking and certification could be completed by asking, and from user perspective, different users has different access rights, the service system of smart home System is responsible for being authenticated each user and the functions such as service access and the every management of service.Still further aspect, to data Safeguard protection, gateway are connected to authentication center, and perception data is encrypted using the private key or interim conversation key of gateway granting After reach gateway, gateway according to corresponding public key or session key to being decrypted, if data need to be sent to public network, Then gateway and the key of household service centre is used to be encrypted herein, to ensure the safety of data.

Further, gate inhibition probe sensing module includes door status sensor, RFID card-reading apparatus, face recognition device And access controller, the door status sensor, RFID card-reading apparatus and face recognition device are installed on the door of resident family, institute The signal output end of door status sensor, RFID card-reading apparatus and the face recognition device stated is connected with intelligent domestic gateway.

Further, the central control unit 3-1 includes input management end 3-1-1, exchange gateway 3-1-2, efferent duct Manage end 3-1-3, the front end inside the centrally disposed control unit 3-1 of input management end 3-1-1, the exchange gateway 3-1-2 is connected between input management end 3-1-1 and outgoing management end 3-1-3, and outgoing management end 3-1-3 settings are being handed over The rear side of 3-1-2 is closed in draping.

Further, the output control equipment 4-4 includes cryptanalysis device 4-4-1, information-storing device 4-4-2, described Cryptanalysis device 4-4-1 the inner upper end in output control equipment 4-4 is set, the information-storing device 4-4-2 is connected to The side of cryptanalysis device 4-4-1.

Further, the alarm system 5-3 includes detector 5-3-1, light alarm apparatus 5-3-2, phonetic alarm 5- 3-3, the detector 5-3-1 are arranged in the upper end of alarm system 5-3, and the light alarm apparatus 5-3-2 is connected to detection The downside of device 5-3-1, the phonetic alarm 5-3-3 are connected to the side of light alarm apparatus 5-3-2.

Further, the phonetic alarm 5-3-3 specifically use siren sound loudspeaker warner, setting operation keyboard, Voice prompting device, LCD data exception display screens.

Further, the detector 5-3-1 specifically uses sound wave detector and fixing to combine, and sound wave detector is set Optical fiber and light element are set, light element is fixed on by fixing material in detector body, and fixed material is formed in light element Around at least part, at least part of light element formed by glass, and fixed material is fluorine resin material, tetrafluoro Dioxol polymer (TFE/PDD) and fluorine silicone rubber between ethylene-perfluor can also be refraction of the refractive index than light element The low low-refraction silicone resin of rate or methyl system silicone resin, the light exit side of light element are guide-lighting by fixing material covering Unit includes the first light conducting member conducted to the light being emitted from light source and makes to be spread by the light that the first light conducting member conduct And conduct to the second light conducting member near sound wave detector, the second light conducting member enters in light from the light of the first light conducting member incidence It includes the light pervasion component for making incident light spread to penetrate side, at least the second light conducting member in the first light conducting member and the second light conducting member It is fixed by fixed material, only the second light conducting member is fixed by fixing material in the first light conducting member and the second light conducting member, fixed Clip includes with long element proximally and distally, and fixing further includes at least one far-end mounted on long element Opposed member and shell, opposed member be arranged between long element and opposed member clamp detector a part, Opposed member from long element be distally-oriented to long element proximal end extend, opposed member by traverse component be connected to it is elongated Component traverses component and is arranged to engage the top edge of a part for detector in use, and opposed member is by towards elongated Component and be resiliently biased, shell is mounted to long element, the shell in the side opposite with opposed member of long element Body is pivotally mounted to long element around the axis transverse to the longitudinal direction of long element, and shell is relative to elongated structure Part is slidably mounted, the brake apparatus of the opposite sliding for preventing shell and long element, brake apparatus include rack and Pawl.

Further, the light alarm apparatus 5-3-2 specifically uses infra-red alarm, setting DC power supply, infrared light Radiating circuit, infrared electro conversion circuit, level signal amplifying circuit, DC power supply include light source, drive the pulse hair of light source Raw circuit, total control circuit and power-supply battery, light alarm apparatus shell, light alarm apparatus shell include the pedestal and circle of cylindrical type The upper cover of camber, light source are the red high-brightness light emitting diode LED of at least one set for being specially embedded upper cover, every group of red high brighten the hair Optical diode LED includes the orthogonal red high-brightness light emitting diode LED of 2 axis, and total control circuit controls the pulse The pulse duty factor and pulse width of circuit occurs, controls continuous 8 pulses and lights high-brightness light emitting diode LED, master control electricity Road controls audio and impulse generator exports bass signal to woofer, frequency and the light alarm apparatus shell of audio signal Resonant frequency it is consistent, the matrix of alarm shell opens up several apertures, and the region that matrix inner wall opens up several apertures has covered The ultrafiltration membrane material of hydrophobic, is provided with built-in button, and below power-supply battery and periphery is provided with thermal insulation material, infrared light hair Transmit-receive radio road is made of infrared light-emitting diode, resistance and linear potentiometer, the model SE303 that infrared light-emitting diode is selected, Infrared light-emitting diode anode is by resistor wiring potentiometer one end, and the linear potentiometer other end and its activity termination circuit are just Pole, with connecing circuit, infrared electro conversion circuit is by infrared photodiode, resistance, NPN type crystal for infrared light-emitting diode cathode Pipe, time base circuit and capacitance composition, the model PH202 that infrared photodiode is selected, the model that time base circuit is selected NE555。

The smart home solid bodyguard of the present invention improves encipherment protection using cryptanalysis device, passes through information storage Device enhances information preservation and locating function, using light alarm apparatus, improves the efficient promptness of alarm, passes through voice reporting Alert device, realizes Rapid Alarm function, centered on intelligent domestic gateway certification and encryption mechanism ensure Data Data safety and User security can realize that point-to-point data transmission without any setting, reaches system of digital home by mobile client The remote control and monitoring function of system.

The above is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention in any form, Every any simple modification made to the above embodiment according to the technical essence of the invention, equivalent variations and modification, belong to In the range of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of smart home solid bodyguard, which is characterized in that the smart home solid bodyguard include intelligent domestic gateway, Client, intelligent appliance system, environmentally sensitive system, safety-protection system, household service system;
The intelligent domestic gateway includes control layer and interface layer;
Control layer, is used for the control management of gateway, and controls connection application layer, which includes:
Interactive unit for carrying out information exchange with user, the interactive unit are connected with main control unit;
Metering units for measuring home-use electricity, the metering units are connected with main control unit, 220V input circuits;
For the execution unit of rationing the power supply of household electricity spatial load forecasting, it is described ration the power supply execution unit respectively with main control unit, family Circuit input circuit is connected;
Power supply unit for powering for modules, the power supply unit are single with main control unit, interactive unit, metering respectively Member, wireless routing communication unit, plc communication unit and execution unit of rationing the power supply are connected;
Interface layer, for being connect with external device communication;Exchange of media layer is additionally provided between interface layer and control layer;In application layer Equipped with application program compatibility interface;Contain communication protocols translation layer and protocol adaptation component in interface layer;The interface layer includes:
It is communicated for Broadband Network Access, the covering of indoor wireless networks signal and with the wireless routing of the communication of other communicating terminals Unit, the wireless routing communication unit are connected with main control unit;For the plc communication unit of indoor power line carrier communication, The plc communication unit is connected with main control unit, 220V power lines respectively;
The intelligent appliance system includes the central control unit of installation in the client, and is mounted on the intelligent appliance In electrical equipment control end;
The client is sent out for display control menu and household appliance working condition and according to the control menu of display Control signal;
For that will control information, network is sent to the electrical equipment control end, the electricity to the central control unit by radio communication Device control terminal is used to that operating parameter to be arranged to control the intelligent appliance according to the control information;
The control information includes the set information of operating parameter and function to the intelligent appliance;
The environmentally sensitive system includes several sensors, processor, communication module and output control equipment, the biography Sensor includes current sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, smog alarm sensor and gas alarm sensor;
The current sensor is mounted on each household electrical appliance of resident family, the temperature sensor and humidity sensor installation In each room of resident family, the signal output end of each sensor is connected with the signal input part of processor, the processor Control signal output is connected with the control signal input of output control equipment, output control equipment include switch, air-conditioning and Humidifier, the switch, air-conditioning and humidifier respectively control the switch of household electrical appliance, temperature and humidity, processor Signal of communication end be connected by communication module and the signal input part of corresponding floor gateway, each gateway pass through network in management Central server connects, and the management center server exports the networked information of each resident family;
The smog alarm sensor and gas alarm sensor is installed in resident family room, the smog alarm sensor It is connected with the signal output end of gas alarm sensor with the signal input part of processor;
The safety-protection system includes server, control system, alarm system, detecting system, GSM transmitting modules, execution system;
The control system includes local control end and remote control terminal, the alarm system connection process control terminal, report Alert system also passes through server and connects remote control terminal by GSM transmitting modules, which connect with client;
The detecting system connection local control end, detecting system also pass through server and connect remote control terminal, execute system Local control end is connected, also passes through server and connects remote control terminal, the detecting system includes pyrotechnics detection module, gate inhibition Probe sensing module, window prohibit probe sensing module, camera, and the execution system includes that fire execution system and door and window are automatic Open and close system;
Gate inhibition's probe sensing module includes door status sensor, RFID card-reading apparatus, face recognition device and access control Device, the door status sensor, RFID card-reading apparatus and face recognition device are installed on the door of resident family, and the door sensor passes The signal output end of sensor, RFID card-reading apparatus and face recognition device is connected with intelligent domestic gateway;
Characteristic extracting module is provided in the face recognition device, this feature extraction module is calculated for construction feature extraction Son extracts facial image feature vector, the specific steps are:
Step 1: collecting N number of sample is used as training set X, sample mean m is found out using following formula:
Wherein, xi ∈ sample training collections X=(x1, x2 ..., xN);
Step 2: finding out scatter matrix S:
Find out the eigenvalue λ i and corresponding feature vector ei of scatter matrix, wherein ei is principal component, by characteristic value from greatly to It is small to be arranged in order λ 1, λ 2 ...;
Assuming that taking out p value, λ 1, λ 2 ..., λ p can determine face space E=(e1, e2 ..., eP), this face spatially, instruct Practice in sample X, the point that each element projects to the space can be obtained by following formula:
x'I=Etxi, t=1,2 ..., N;
What is obtained by above formula is p dimensional vectors by former vector after PCA dimensionality reductions;
The characteristic extracting module is based on sparse representation, and plurality of human faces identification is carried out using SRC face recognition algorithms;
Use SRC face recognition algorithms carry out plurality of human faces identification specific method for:
The recognition result of each face of present frame is obtained to present frame Face datection and by coordinate sequence;According to each individual of present frame The recognition result of face calculates corresponding each face respectively adjacent n frames recognition result;The identity for counting each face, by being more than half The Unified Identity of number n/2 determines the final identity of target;
Wherein, calculate picture and face database to be identified it is of all categories between reconstruction error { r1, r2 ... rn }, r1<r2<……<Rn, By obtained similarity value according toRule determine final recognition result;Wherein T1For Rate value, T1=0.6;
The household service system include water power coal expense recharging and paying module, call charging module, community service notification module, Safeguard repair module;
The wireless routing communication unit receive client to the intelligent domestic gateway by the instruction of the Internet transmission and/ Or audio and video, wherein described instruction are determined according to the operation information of the user got by client, and by described instruction And/or audio and video are sent to control layer;
The control layer receives instruction and/or the audio and video of wireless routing communication unit transmission, through security authentication module into The process object of described instruction and/or the audio and video is determined after row certification from described instruction, and determines the process object Address;Described instruction and/or the audio and video are sent to the place by the wireless routing communication unit according to described address Reason object is handled and/or is presented;
The security authentication module includes:Secure accessing controls interchanger, Web access authentications server and user terminal, institute It states Web access authentications server and interchanger interconnection is controlled by network and secure accessing, the secure accessing control interchanger is logical Cross access network connection user terminal;
The Web access authentications server is used for user terminal access-in management, web authentication, controls exchange to the secure accessing Machine carries out access and controls and sets, interacts and record subscriber terminal access authentication correlation log with external system;
The secure accessing control interchanger is used to learn and safeguard that polynary group information, interception and the redirection of user terminal not to be recognized Demonstrate,prove access of the user terminal HTTP access requests to Web access authentications server and the receiving Web access authentications server It controls and sets, access verification is carried out to user terminal message by packet filtering mode, and check and be arranged IP packet DSCP values;
The central control unit includes input management end, exchange gateway, outgoing management end, input management end setting Front end inside central control unit, the exchange gateway is connected between input management end and outgoing management end, described Outgoing management end the rear side in exchange gateway is set;The output control equipment includes cryptanalysis device, information-storing device, The inner upper end in output control equipment is arranged in the cryptanalysis device, and the information-storing device is connected to cryptanalysis device Side;The alarm system includes detector, light alarm apparatus, phonetic alarm, and detector setting is being alarmed The upper end of system, the light alarm apparatus are connected to the downside of detector, and the phonetic alarm is connected to light alarm The side of device.
2. smart home solid bodyguard as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the detection implement body is examined using sound wave Device and fixing combination are surveyed, sound wave detector setting optical fiber and light element, light element are fixed on detection by fixing material In device main body, fixed material is formed at least part around light element, and at least part of light element is by glass It is formed, fixed material is dioxol polymer and fluorine silicone rubber between fluorine resin material, tetrafluoroethylene-perfluoro, can also It is that the refractive index low-refraction silicone resin lower than the refractive index of light element or methyl system silicone resin, the light of light element go out It penetrates end to be covered by fixed material, light element includes the first light conducting member for conducting the light being emitted from light source and makes by the Light the second light conducting member for spreading and conducting to sound wave detector of one light conducting member conduction, the second light conducting member light from The light incident side of first light conducting member incidence includes the light pervasion component for making incident light spread, the first light conducting member and the second leaded light At least the second light conducting member is fixed by fixing material in component, the only second guide-lighting structure in the first light conducting member and the second light conducting member Part is fixed by fixing material, and fixing includes with long element proximally and distally, and fixing further includes at least one Mounted on the opposed member and shell of the far-end of long element, opposed member be arranged in long element and opposed member it Between clamp detector a part, opposed member from long element be distally-oriented to long element proximal end extend, opposed member It is connected to long element by traversing component, component is traversed and is arranged to engage the upper edge of a part for detector in use Edge, opposed member are resiliently biased, with opposed member opposite side quilt of the shell in long element towards long element To long element, the shell is pivotally mounted to elongated around the axis transverse to the longitudinal direction of long element for installation Component, shell are slidably mounted relative to long element, for preventing the braking of the opposite sliding of shell and long element from filling It sets, brake apparatus includes rack and pawl.
3. smart home solid bodyguard as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the light alarm apparatus specifically uses red Outside line alarm, setting DC power supply, infrared light emission circuit, infrared electro conversion circuit, level signal amplifying circuit, direct current Power supply includes light source, drives pulse generating circuit, total control circuit and power-supply battery, the light alarm apparatus shell of light source, light Alarm shell includes the pedestal of cylindrical type and the upper cover of circular arc type, and light source is the red height of at least one set for being specially embedded upper cover Bright Light-emitting diode LED, every group of red high-brightness light emitting diode LED include the orthogonal red high-brightness luminous of 2 axis two Pole pipe LED, total control circuit control the pulse duty factor and pulse width of the pulse generating circuit, control continuous 8 pulses Light high-brightness light emitting diode LED, total control circuit control audio and impulse generator export bass signal to woofer, The frequency of audio signal is consistent with the resonant frequency of light alarm apparatus shell, and the matrix of alarm shell opens up several apertures, base The region that internal wall opens up several apertures covers the ultrafiltration membrane material of hydrophobic, is provided with built-in button, under power-supply battery Face and periphery are provided with thermal insulation material, and infrared light emission circuit is made of infrared light-emitting diode, resistance and linear potentiometer, red The model SE303 that UV light-emitting diode is selected, infrared light-emitting diode anode is by resistor wiring potentiometer one end, linearly The potentiometer other end and its activity termination circuit anode, infrared light-emitting diode cathode with connecing circuit, infrared electro conversion circuit It is made of infrared photodiode, resistance, NPN transistor, time base circuit and capacitance, the model that infrared photodiode is selected The model NE555 selected for PH202, time base circuit.
CN201610149698.2A 2016-03-16 2016-03-16 A kind of smart home solid bodyguard CN105717798B (en)

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