CN105714722B - A kind of efficient cyclone high-speed air circulates road sweeper - Google Patents

A kind of efficient cyclone high-speed air circulates road sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105714722B
CN105714722B CN201610283100.9A CN201610283100A CN105714722B CN 105714722 B CN105714722 B CN 105714722B CN 201610283100 A CN201610283100 A CN 201610283100A CN 105714722 B CN105714722 B CN 105714722B
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China
Prior art keywords
cleans
whirlwind
collector
roller bearing
car
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CN201610283100.9A
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CN105714722A (en
Inventor
谭燕斌
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CHONGQING GAO JIAN ENVIRONMENTAL GREENING ENGINEERING Co.,Ltd.
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谭燕斌
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Publication of CN105714722A publication Critical patent/CN105714722A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0809Loosening or dislodging by blowing ; Drying by means of gas streams

Abstract

Road sweeper is circulated the invention discloses a kind of efficient cyclone high-speed air, collector is cleaned including car body and cyclone dust, also include side and clean whirlwind mouthpiece, the side cleans the side that whirlwind mouthpiece is arranged on car body, and side cleans whirlwind mouthpiece and connected by ventilation shaft with the discharge pipe that cyclone dust cleans the whirlwind generator in collector;During work, the side cleans whirlwind mouthpiece and dried to car body direction;The cleaning hair roller bearing that the cyclone dust cleans collector is connected with motor;The cyclone dust cleans the lower rear that collector is arranged on car body, the front of whirlwind generator discharge pipe blowing mouth, which is set, cleans hair roller bearing, the front for cleaning hair roller bearing sets garbage collection tank, roller bearing is collected provided with spiral in garbage collection tank, the two ends that spiral collects roller bearing are communicated by air-flow, mechanical mixture refuse conveying pipe with refuse collection separator box.This sweeper has cleaning wider width, airborne dust is smaller, energy consumption is relatively low, clean effect preferably, rubbish transmits more smoothly advantage.

Description

A kind of efficient cyclone high-speed air circulates road sweeper
Technical field
The present invention relates to the mechanical field of road-cleaning, specifically a kind of efficient cyclone high-speed air circulation road sweeper.
Background technology
Publication No. CN104343098A Chinese patents disclose " a kind of whirlwind high-speed air circulates sweeper ", the car bag Car body and clearing apparatus are included, described clearing apparatus cleans collector, including sweeper, whirlwind generator and rubbish for cyclone dust Rubbish collects separator box, and described sweeper is arranged on lower section in the middle part of car body, and the blowing mouth of whirlwind generator is arranged on sweeper Front and rear, the inlet scoop of whirlwind generator is arranged on above the middle part of sweeper, and inlet scoop is connected with refuse collection separator box, whirlwind The air inlet of generator is connected with refuse collection separator box.
Described sweeper include preceding round brush and rear round brush, wherein the two ends of preceding round brush be provided with load-bearing position-limited wheel, preceding round brush, The shaft end of round brush is respectively equipped with driving gear, driven gear afterwards, and driving gear is mutually nibbled with driven gear by two idler gears Close, make preceding round brush, the opposite synchronous axial system of rear round brush.
Described whirlwind generator includes blower fan, casing, high pressure blow-gas pipe and the aspiration of negative pressure pipe, the high pressure blow-gas pipe Blowing mouth is arranged on the forward and backward inner edge of casing, and with ground in oblique angle during air blowing, the inlet scoop of the aspiration of negative pressure pipe is arranged on casing Middle part is communicated with the dust suction inner chamber of casing, and high pressure blow-gas pipe is communicated with the air outlet of blower fan, the air inlet of blower fan and refuse collection Separator box is connected.
Described refuse collection separator box is closed box, is divided into by dust air separating and filtering net in casing upper and lower Two parts, top is arranged with air outlet, and bottom is arranged with rubbish dust suction inlet.
The forward and backward round brush opposite direction rotating of this sweeper, rubbish is swept on the outside of two round brush into two round brush Between position, meanwhile, gases at high pressure are blown out from round brush surrounding, then are suctioned out above the round brush and entered garbage collection box, blower fan and rubbish Collecting box formation air circulation, whirlwind generator forms whirlwind high velocity air in the surrounding of sweeper and top, and rubbish is with rotation Wind high velocity air fully enters refuse collection separator box, and cleaning is cleaner, stir up a cloud of dust less and cost is relatively low.
But the car is still suffered from place of some shortcomings, is mainly reflected in:
1. the width cleaned is not wide enough, the place of body width can only be cleaned;
2. airborne dust is larger;
3. energy consumption is higher;
4. refuse sweeping collector is unpowered type, the rotation of cleaning wheel is to drag rubbish when being travelled forward by sweeper Collector BOGEY WHEEL is cleaned come what is driven, drives BOGEY WHEEL to rotate by the frictional force of road surface and BOGEY WHEEL, and then drives cleaning The rotation of wheel, therefore when road conditions are poor or rubbish need to reduce cleaning speed too much, the rotating speed of cleaning wheel will be reduced or stopped, So as to reduce cleaning effect;
5. refuse sweeping collector is connected with cleaning compartment using flexible pipe, rubbish fully relies on air-flow transmission, and particle is larger Rubbish can not be sent to from refuse sweeping collector in compartment.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to circulate road sweeper there is provided a kind of efficient cyclone high-speed air for above-mentioned deficiency, this Kind of sweeper have clean wider width, airborne dust is smaller, energy consumption is relatively low, clean effect preferably, rubbish transmission more smoothly advantage.
Realizing the technical scheme of the object of the invention is:
A kind of efficient cyclone high-speed air circulates road sweeper, including car body and cyclone dust clean collector, with showing Have unlike technology, also include
Side cleans whirlwind mouthpiece, and the side cleans the side that whirlwind mouthpiece is arranged on car body, and side cleans whirlwind mouthpiece and passed through The discharge pipe that ventilation shaft cleans the whirlwind generator in collector with cyclone dust is connected;During work, the side cleans whirlwind Mouthpiece is dried to car body direction;
The cleaning hair roller bearing that the cyclone dust cleans collector is connected with motor;
The cyclone dust cleans the lower rear that collector is arranged on car body, and cyclone dust cleans the whirlwind in collector The front of generator discharge pipe blowing mouth, which is set, cleans hair roller bearing, and the front for cleaning hair roller bearing sets garbage collection tank, and rubbish is received Collect in groove and collect roller bearing provided with spiral, the two ends that spiral collects roller bearing are received by air-flow, mechanical mixture refuse conveying pipe and rubbish Collection separator box is communicated.
Including atomizing device, the shower nozzle of the atomizing device is arranged in the discharge pipe of whirlwind generator.
Including centrifugation dust separator, the refuse collection separator box is that disengagement chamber is provided with closed box, closed box, described Disengagement chamber is connected by centrifuging dust separator with closed box;The disengagement chamber is connected with the air inlet of whirlwind generator.
Described air-flow, mechanical mixture refuse conveying pipe include refuse conveying pipe and are arranged in refuse conveying pipe body Chain, the chain is provided with scraper plate.
Described motor is hydraulic motor or electro-motor.
The fan blade of the whirlwind generator is connected with blower motor, and the blower motor is hydraulic motor, and blower motor leads to Cross hydraulic pump and be connected with cleaning car engine.
Advantages of the present invention:
1. increasing the side-blown clearing apparatus of high pressure draught, increase working width, the rubbish of sweeper both sides and roadside is blown into Underbody is cleaned by refuse sweeping collector after car and collected, and improves operating efficiency 63%;
2. increasing atomizing device, water smoke is added and purged over the ground in high pressure air flow, improve air and dust separation Efficiency 55%, reduces airborne dust;
3. the power of cleaning car engine is passed to cleaning blower fan and refuse sweeping collector using hydraulic drive, make whole Car is more succinct, reduces energy consumption;
4. refuse sweeping collector is improved, because original refuse sweeping collector is unpowered type, turn of cleaning wheel Move and drag when travelling forward by sweeper refuse sweeping collector BOGEY WHEEL to drive, when road conditions are poor or rubbish is needed too much When reduction cleans speed, the rotating speed of cleaning wheel will be reduced or stopped, so as to reduce cleaning effect, being passed now by hydraulic pressure It is dynamic, the power of cleaning car engine is passed to refuse sweeping collector, make the rotating speed of cleaning wheel is not influenceed by speed, so that Improve the cleaning effect of refuse sweeping collector;
Collected 5. improving refuse sweeping collector with cleaning connection and the rubbish transmission mode in compartment, refuse sweeping originally Device is connected with cleaning compartment using flexible pipe, and rubbish fully relies on air-flow transmission, and the larger rubbish of particle just cannot be from refuse sweeping Collector is sent in compartment, is now changed to have chain scraper in the connection of Rigid Slope connecting tube, connecting tube, rubbish is in air-flow and spiral From collector is cleaned to two concentration into connection inclined tube in the presence of chain scraper and air-flow, through oblique under the drive of conveyer Pipe up sends into compartment, therefore cleaning effect is more thorough, more totally.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment;
Fig. 3 Fig. 4 is that whirlwind cleans collector assembling structure schematic diagram.
In figure, the load-bearing of 5. refuse collection separator box of the disengagement chamber 4. of 1. car body, 2. blower fan 3. centrifugation dust separator 6. Wheel 7. cleans the spiral of hair roller bearing 8. and collects the motor of 11. whirlwind generator of roller bearing 9. chain, 10. refuse conveying pipe 12. 13. the spiral of 14. tensioning wheel of motor synchronous belt pulley 15. collects roller bearing timing belt pulley 16. and cleans hair roller bearing timing belt pulley 17. the side of 18. collector shell of synchronous belt 19. cleans the wind of 21. garbage collection tank of whirlwind 20. spray generator of mouthpiece 22. The air inlet of 23. discharge pipe of machine motor 24..
Embodiment
Present invention is further elaborated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, but is not limitation of the invention.
Embodiment:
Reference picture 1- Fig. 4, a kind of efficient cyclone high-speed air circulation road sweeper, including car body 1 and cyclone dust are clear Collector is swept, is also included
Side cleans whirlwind mouthpiece 19, and the side cleans the side that whirlwind mouthpiece 19 is arranged on car body 1, and side cleans whirlwind mouthpiece 19 are connected by ventilation shaft with the discharge pipe 23 that cyclone dust cleans the whirlwind generator 11 in collector;It is described during work Side cleans whirlwind mouthpiece 19 and dried to the direction of car body 1;
The cleaning hair roller bearing 7 that the cyclone dust cleans collector is connected with motor 12;
The cyclone dust cleans the lower rear that collector is arranged on car body 1, and cyclone dust cleans the rotation in collector The front of the blowing mouth of air generator discharge pipe 23, which is set, cleans hair roller bearing 7, and the front for cleaning hair roller bearing 7 sets garbage collection tank 21, garbage collection tank 21 is interior to collect roller bearing 8 provided with spiral, and the two ends that spiral collects roller bearing 8 are defeated by air-flow, mechanical mixture rubbish Pipe is sent to be communicated with refuse collection separator box 5.
The two ends for cleaning hair roller bearing 7 are fitted with BOGEY WHEEL 6.
Including atomizing device, the shower nozzle of the atomizing device is arranged in the discharge pipe 23 of whirlwind generator. Atomizing device is spray generator 20.
Including centrifugation dust separator 4, the refuse collection separator box 5 is that disengagement chamber 3 is provided with closed box, closed box, The disengagement chamber 3 is connected by centrifuging dust separator 4 with closed box 3;The air inlet of the disengagement chamber 3 and whirlwind generator 11 24 connections.
Described air-flow, mechanical mixture refuse conveying pipe include refuse conveying pipe 10 and are arranged on the body of refuse conveying pipe 10 Interior chain 9, the chain 9 is provided with scraper plate.
Described motor 12 is hydraulic motor or electro-motor.
The fan blade of the whirlwind generator 11 is connected with blower motor 22, and the blower motor 22 is hydraulic motor, blower fan Motor 22 is connected by hydraulic pump with cleaning car engine.
As shown in figure 4, in collector shell 18, motor 12 is equipped with motor synchronous belt pulley 13, motor synchronous belt pulley 13 It is coupled by synchronous belt 17 with cleaning hair roller bearing timing belt pulley 16, spiral collection roller bearing timing belt pulley 15, synchronous belt 17 are provided with tensioning wheel 14.
When sweeper works, the BOGEY WHEEL 6 that whirlwind cleans collector is contacted with ground, whirlwind is cleaned collector and road direction The garbage collection tank 21 in front of certain height, whirlwind cleaning collector is kept through refuse conveying pipe 10 and closed refuse collection Separator box 5 is connected, and extracts the air in refuse collection separator box 5 out when blower fan 2 works, and makes in front of cleaning collector and rubbish is received Collect the formation negative pressure of vacuum of separator box 5.And the pressure-air that blower fan 2 is blown out is sent to whirlwind generator warp in discharge pipe 23 plus after mist Air port tiltedly blows to ground, and whirlwind blows afloat the size rubbish on ground, and motor 12, which drives, cleans hair roller bearing 7 and spiral collection roller bearing 8 rotate, and the cleaning hair roller bearing 7 of rotation drives whirlwind to blow to the rubbish that ground is blown afloat in the garbage collection tank 21 of negative pressuren zone, rubbish The spiral rotated in rubbish collecting tank 21 collects the refuse conveying pipe that rubbish is pushed to two ends under the collective effect of roller bearing 8 and air-flow 10, under the common promotion of the inside strake of refuse conveying pipe 10 and air-flow, various rubbish are promoted into refuse collection separator box 5, through from Air after the separation of heart dust separator 4 is again introduced into blower fan 2 and carries out next circulation.During entirely following badly, cyclonic air flow All in sweeping truck system interior circulation, closed-loop path is formed, air-flow just has of short duration only when by garbage collector with ground Contact, therefore in job engineering and too big power need not be consumed with regard to the high velocity air of a circulation can be formed, make cleaning Industry is more efficient, more thorough, more energy efficient, more environmentally friendly.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of efficient cyclone high-speed air circulates road sweeper, including car body and cyclone dust clean collector, its feature It is also to include
Side cleans whirlwind mouthpiece, and the side cleans the side that whirlwind mouthpiece is arranged on car body, and side cleans whirlwind mouthpiece and passes through ventilation The discharge pipe that pipeline cleans the whirlwind generator in collector with cyclone dust is connected;During work, the side cleans whirlwind mouthpiece Dried to car body direction;
The cleaning hair roller bearing that the cyclone dust cleans collector is connected with motor;
The cyclone dust cleans the lower rear that collector is arranged on car body, and the whirlwind that cyclone dust is cleaned in collector occurs The front of device discharge pipe blowing mouth, which is set, cleans hair roller bearing, and the front for cleaning hair roller bearing sets garbage collection tank, garbage collection tank Interior to collect roller bearing provided with spiral, the two ends that spiral collects roller bearing pass through air-flow, mechanical mixture refuse conveying pipe and refuse collection point Communicated from case.
2. efficient cyclone high-speed air according to claim 1 circulates road sweeper, it is characterised in that including steam mist Makeup is put, and the shower nozzle of the atomizing device is arranged in the discharge pipe of whirlwind generator.
3. efficient cyclone high-speed air according to claim 1 circulates road sweeper, it is characterised in that including centrifugation dirt Native separator, the refuse collection separator box is that disengagement chamber is provided with closed box, closed box, and the disengagement chamber is by centrifuging dust Separator is connected with closed box;The disengagement chamber is connected with the air inlet of whirlwind generator.
4. efficient cyclone high-speed air according to claim 1 circulates road sweeper, it is characterised in that described gas Stream, mechanical mixture refuse conveying pipe include refuse conveying pipe and the chain being arranged in refuse conveying pipe body, described defeated Chain is sent to be provided with scraper plate.
5. efficient cyclone high-speed air according to claim 1 circulates road sweeper, it is characterised in that described motor For hydraulic motor or electro-motor.
6. efficient cyclone high-speed air according to claim 1 circulates road sweeper, it is characterised in that the whirlwind hair The fan blade of raw device is connected with blower motor, and the blower motor is hydraulic motor, and blower motor is sent out by hydraulic pump and sweeper Motivation is connected.
CN201610283100.9A 2016-05-03 2016-05-03 A kind of efficient cyclone high-speed air circulates road sweeper Active CN105714722B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105714722B true CN105714722B (en) 2017-07-14

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107034827A (en) * 2017-04-12 2017-08-11 东南大学 A kind of airborne dust severable garbage collecting robot people
CN107007229A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-08-04 于丽丽 Conveying type sweeps receipts integrated device
CN107489119A (en) * 2017-09-05 2017-12-19 佛山市鸿尚得科技有限公司 A kind of intelligence receives system
CN107804165A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-03-16 江苏天嘉车辆技术有限公司 The driving control system and its course of work of single engine municipal administration vehicle

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3579030B2 (en) * 2002-01-21 2004-10-20 本田技研工業株式会社 Dust removal device
CN201037241Y (en) * 2007-04-24 2008-03-19 方先学 High-speed air flow cleaning dust removing vehicle
CN201746799U (en) * 2010-07-07 2011-02-16 王德平 Cyclone vacuum dust-collecting and sweeping trolley
CN104389283B (en) * 2014-09-30 2016-04-27 安科智慧城市技术(中国)有限公司 A kind of road-sweeper
CN104343099B (en) * 2014-11-21 2016-04-13 谭燕斌 A kind of cyclone dust cleaning collector
CN104343098B (en) * 2014-11-21 2016-04-13 谭燕斌 A kind of whirlwind high-speed air circulation road-sweeper
CN104499450B (en) * 2014-12-23 2016-03-23 刘振兴 A kind of refuse cleaning vehicle
CN205576811U (en) * 2016-05-03 2016-09-14 谭燕斌 High -speed air cycle road sweeper of high -efficient whirlwind

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TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20190910

Address after: 230000 B-1017, wo Yuan Garden, 81 Ganquan Road, Shushan District, Hefei, Anhui.

Patentee after: Hefei clean Dragon Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: Transmountain road Guilin the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 541004 No. 11-82

Patentee before: Tan Yan Bin

Effective date of registration: 20190910

Address after: 230000 B-1017, wo Yuan Garden, 81 Ganquan Road, Shushan District, Hefei, Anhui.

Patentee after: Hefei clean Dragon Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: Transmountain road Guilin the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 541004 No. 11-82

Patentee before: Tan Yan Bin

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20200313

Address after: 400000 27-11, building 2, No. 8, Xihuan Road, Jiangbei District, Chongqing

Patentee after: CHONGQING GAO JIAN ENVIRONMENTAL GREENING ENGINEERING Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 230000 B-1017, wo Yuan Garden, 81 Ganquan Road, Shushan District, Hefei, Anhui.

Patentee before: HEFEI JINGLONG ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right