CN105710423A - Tool special for milling dish cover part - Google Patents

Tool special for milling dish cover part Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105710423A
CN105710423A CN201610154462.8A CN201610154462A CN105710423A CN 105710423 A CN105710423 A CN 105710423A CN 201610154462 A CN201610154462 A CN 201610154462A CN 105710423 A CN105710423 A CN 105710423A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
workbench
clamp jaw
chute
screw mandrel
rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610154462.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘泽刚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xindu District Dafeng Pengyu Machinery Factory
Original Assignee
Xindu District Dafeng Pengyu Machinery Factory
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xindu District Dafeng Pengyu Machinery Factory filed Critical Xindu District Dafeng Pengyu Machinery Factory
Priority to CN201610154462.8A priority Critical patent/CN105710423A/en
Publication of CN105710423A publication Critical patent/CN105710423A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C3/00Milling particular work; Special milling operations; Machines therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • B23Q3/082Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated hydraulically actuated

Abstract

The invention discloses a tool special for milling a dish cover part, belongs to tools special for milling in the technical field of machining equipment, and aims at providing a tool special for milling the dish cover part and high in clamping stability. According to the technical scheme, a workbench is included and provided with a cross-shaped sliding groove; a clamping jaw is arranged in each sliding groove body of the cross-shaped sliding groove; two pressing devices are arranged on the workbench and comprise hydraulic drivers and swing rods, the tail ends of output shafts of the hydraulic drivers are connected with joint levers, and connecting rods are hinged to the two ends of each joint lever; each pressing device is provided with the two swing rods, the bottoms of every two corresponding swing rods are hinged to the two ends of one side face of the workbench, and the other ends of the connecting rods at the two ends of each joint lever are hinged to the middles of the corresponding swing rods; and linkage rods are connected between the ends of the swing rods and the positions, corresponding to the other side of the workbench, of the swing rods. The tool is suitable for being used as a tool special for milling.

Description

A kind of Plate-shaped parts Milling Process special tooling
Technical field
The invention belongs to machining equipment technical field, relate to the special tooling of a kind of Milling Process.
Background technology
Milling Process refers to and uses the multiple-cutting-edge tool cutting workpiece rotated, and is efficient processing method.During Milling Process, cutter rotates (primary movement), and workpiece moves (doing feed motion), and workpiece can also be fixed, but the cutter now rotated must also move (simultaneously completing main motion and feed motion).
Bearing (ball) cover is exactly a kind of common Plate-shaped parts.In prior art, when bearing (ball) cover bores Milling Machining on lathe, it is necessary to use clamp for bearing end cover.General bearing fixture is non-adjustable, may be only available for the bearing (ball) cover of single specification, when the bearing (ball) cover of another kind of specification needs to add man-hour, is necessary for the clamp for bearing end cover more renewed, it is impossible to realize the quick-replaceable of fixture.Need to prepare the clamp for bearing end cover of Multiple Type, specification when generally processing a collection of bearing (ball) cover, in a disguised form add the making amount of clamp for bearing end cover, and often develop a new product and will again make a whole set of fixture, cause the development cost height of fixture, cycle long, add processing cost.
For this, application number be 201220454740.9 invention disclose a kind of end cap and bore milling quick change type clamp, it includes shell A and the shell B, described shell A and shell B adaptive with shell A adopt shell installation seam to combine, and switchs front end at furniture and arranges quick-changing type location key seat.Operationally, quick-changing type location key seat is arranged on the groove of shell A, then by the pin-and-hole of alignment pin alignment housings B, again through pull bar tension and compression centre bore face clamping shell A and shell B, so as to combine.
Existing milling tool is when carrying out clamping to such part of dish, and such part of dish is substantially simply clamped or compresses by it, it is achieved the clamping of Plate-shaped parts.But, Plate-shaped parts is when carrying out Milling Process, active force between milling cutter and Plate-shaped parts is bigger, and when adopting merely the mode clamping Plate-shaped parts of clamping or compression, active force between fixture and Plate-shaped parts is less, Plate-shaped parts is made easily to produce to slide on fixture, or even the fixture that flies out, cause the personal injury of workman.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the Plate-shaped parts Milling Process special tooling that a kind of clamping stability is high.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme is that
A kind of Plate-shaped parts Milling Process special tooling, including workbench, described workbench offers cross chute, is provided with clamp jaw in every chute of described cross chute, and described clamp jaw can slide in chute and realize the clamping of workpiece;Described workbench is provided with two groups of hold down gags, described hold down gag includes hydraulic unit driver and swing arm, the hydraulic unit driver of two groups of hold down gags lays respectively at left and right or the both sides, front and back of workbench, the output shaft end of described hydraulic unit driver is connected to connecting rod, and the two ends of described connecting rod are all hinged with connecting rod;The swing arm often organizing hold down gag arranges two, and the bottom of two swing arms is hingedly connected to the two ends of workbench side, and the middle part of the swing arm that the other end of the connecting rod at described connecting rod two ends lays respectively at workbench two ends correspondence position is articulated and connected;Workbench is connected to gangbar between swing arm end and the swing arm of workbench opposite side corresponding position of certain side.
Preferably, described workbench includes top board and base plate, is connected by four support columns between described top board and base plate;Described cross chute is opened on top board, and described base plate is provided with the claw driving mechanism for driving clamp jaw to move.
Preferably, described claw driving mechanism is fluid pressure drive device, and the position of described fluid pressure drive device correspondence clamp jaw arranges four groups, and the clamp jaw of the output shaft and corresponding position of often organizing fluid pressure drive device is connected and drives clamp jaw to move along the length direction of chute.
Preferably, described claw driving mechanism includes drive bevel gear and screw mandrel, described drive bevel gear is installed on base plate and rotates around the axis of drive bevel gear, described screw mandrel is four groups, the position often organizing screw mandrel correspondence clamp jaw is arranged, and screw rod bushing is located in the screwed hole of clamp jaw and threadeds with clamp jaw, on described screw mandrel, the side near drive bevel gear is provided with driven wheel of differential, and the driven wheel of differential on four groups of screw mandrels all engages with drive bevel gear.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention is:
In the present invention, workbench being offered cross chute, be provided with clamp jaw in every chute of cross chute, clamp jaw can slide in chute, it is achieved the clamping to workpiece;Both sides in the working day arrange hold down gag, the hydraulic unit driver of hold down gag can drive the connecting rod on its output shaft to move up and down, drivening rod and swing arm are rotated by moving up and down of connecting rod, swing arm rotates and the gangbar realized between swing arm is just moved up and down on the table, it is achieved to the compression of workpiece, unclamp;Workpiece can be clamped by clamp jaw, gangbar, be compressed by this special function, the active force between workpiece and special tooling is made to increase, improve the special tooling clamping active force to workpiece, effectively prevent workpiece from sliding on special tooling, or even user is caused personal injury by the special tooling that flies out, thus increasing substantially the security performance of special tooling.In addition, for driving the claw driving mechanism that clamp jaw moves to include being centrally located the drive bevel gear of position, drive bevel gear be circumferentially with screw mandrel, the position of screw mandrel, the position of quantity and clamp jaw, quantity is suitable, and clamp jaw is set on the screw mandrel of correspondence position, both realize threaded, the driven wheel of differential of screw mandrel end engages with drive bevel gear, drive bevel gear rotates will drive driven wheel of differential, screw mandrel rotates, screw mandrel rotates clamp jaw the moving axially along screw mandrel that will drive on screw mandrel, thus realizing moving and stepping up or unclamp workpiece of clamp jaw, many group clamp jaws are made to be capable of linkage, improve the mobile efficiency of clamp jaw, can be convenient, efficiently workpiece is carried out clamping.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of workbench in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of hold down gag in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of claw driving mechanism in the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described:
A kind of Plate-shaped parts Milling Process special tooling, this special tooling is mainly used in treating the Plate-shaped parts of Milling Process and carries out clamping.This special tooling includes workbench 1, offers cross chute 14 on the end face of workbench 1, and this cross chute 14 has orthogonal four chutes to be intersected in same point and formed.Being provided with clamp jaw 3 in each chute of this cross chute 14, this clamp jaw 3 can move length direction along chute in chute.The clamping to workpiece can be realized by the movement of clamp jaw 3.The end face of this clamp jaw 3 is provided with hierarchic structure, and this hierarchic structure is at least provided with two-layer.By arranging hierarchic structure on clamp jaw 3, the workpiece of different size, shape can be clamped thereby through the hierarchic structure on this clamp jaw 3.Being additionally provided with two groups of hold down gags 2 on this workbench 1, this compression hold down gag 2 lays respectively at left and right or the both sides, front and back of workbench 1.This hold down gag 2 includes hydraulic unit driver 21 and swing arm 25, this hydraulic unit driver 21 is arranged at the medium position of workbench 1 side, owing to being provided with two groups of hold down gags 2, thus just including two hydraulic unit drivers 21, two hydraulic unit drivers 21 are respectively arranged on the left and right of working day or the side of both sides, front and back.The output shaft end of this hydraulic unit driver 21 is connected to connecting rod 22, and this connecting rod 22 is parallel with workbench 1, and the medium position of this connecting rod 22 is connected with the output shaft of hydraulic unit driver 21, and the output shaft being hydraulically operated device 21 drives it to move up and down.The two ends of connecting rod 22 are all hinged with connecting rod 23, and two connecting rods 23 can be freely rotatable around respective jointed shaft in same connecting rod 22.Often group hold down gag 2 includes two swing arms 25, and the swing arm 25 of same group of hold down gag 2 is positioned at the both sides of workbench 1 same side, and the bottom-hinged of this swing arm 25 is on the side of workbench 1, makes the swing arm 25 can be freely rotatable on the side of workbench 1.To should the end of connecting rod 23 of swing arm 25 position be articulated and connected in the middle part of swing arm 25 hinged on workbench 1 and connecting rod 22, between end and the swing arm 25 of workbench 1 opposite side corresponding position of swing arm 25, it is connected to gangbar 26.
Offering cross chute 14 on workbench 1, be provided with clamp jaw 3 in every chute of cross chute 14, clamp jaw 3 can slide in chute, it is achieved the clamping to workpiece;Both sides in the working day arrange hold down gag 2, the hydraulic unit driver 21 of hold down gag 2 can drive the connecting rod 22 on its output shaft to move up and down, drivening rod 23 i.e. swing arm 25 is rotated by moving up and down of connecting rod 22, swing arm 25 rotates and the gangbar 26 realized between swing arm 25 is moved up and down above workbench 1, it is achieved to the compression of workpiece, unclamp;Workpiece can be clamped by clamp jaw 3, gangbar 26, be compressed by this special function, the active force between workpiece and special tooling is made to increase, improve the special tooling clamping active force to workpiece, effectively prevent workpiece from sliding on special tooling, or even user is caused personal injury by the special tooling that flies out, thus increasing substantially the security performance of special tooling.
Preferred embodiment, on the basis of above-described embodiment, this workbench 1 includes top board 11 and base plate 12, is attached by four support columns 13 between this top board 11 and base plate 12, and four support columns 13 are positioned at the corner of top board 11, base plate 12.This cross chute 14 is opened on top board 11, the clamp jaw 3 being arranged in the chute of cross chute 14 movement of base plate 12, base plate 12 is provided with the claw driving mechanism for driving clamp jaw 3 to move, and this claw driving mechanism is connected with clamp jaw 3, it is achieved the driving to clamp jaw 3.
Preferred embodiment, on the basis of above-described embodiment, above-mentioned claw driving mechanism adopts fluid pressure drive device, and this fluid pressure drive device is also provided with four groups, and four groups of corresponding four clamp jaws 3 of fluid pressure drive device are arranged.The clamp jaw 3 of the output shaft and corresponding position of often organizing fluid pressure drive device is connected, and this fluid pressure drive device can drive the clamp jaw 3 of corresponding position to connect and drive clamp jaw 3 to move along the length direction of chute.
Preferred embodiment, on the basis of above-described embodiment, above-mentioned claw driving mechanism adopts the structure of screw mandrel 33 pair of nut, and it includes drive bevel gear 31 and screw mandrel 33, and this drive bevel gear 31 is arranged on base plate 12, and can be freely rotatable on base plate 12.This screw mandrel 33 is set to four groups, and often the position of the corresponding clamp jaw 3 of group screw mandrel 33 is arranged.Screw mandrel 33 is threadeded with the clamp jaw 3 of corresponding position, and screw mandrel 33 is threadeded with clamp jaw 3 after the screwed hole on clamp jaw 3.Thus when screw mandrel 33 rotates, the clamp jaw 3 on this screw mandrel 33 will move along the axis of screw mandrel 33 on screw mandrel 33.On every rhizoid bar 33, the side near drive bevel gear 31 is provided with driven wheel of differential 32, and the spaced 90 ° of tailing edge drive bevel gear 31 of four driven wheels of differential 32 on four groups of screw mandrels 33 is circumferentially disposed, and four driven wheels of differential 32 all engage with drive bevel gear 31.
For driving the claw driving mechanism that clamp jaw 3 moves to include being centrally located the drive bevel gear 31 of position, drive bevel gear 31 be circumferentially with screw mandrel 33, the position of screw mandrel 33, the position of quantity and clamp jaw 3, quantity is suitable, and clamp jaw 3 is set on the screw mandrel 33 of correspondence position, both realize threaded, the driven wheel of differential 32 of screw mandrel 33 end engages with drive bevel gear 31, drive bevel gear 31 rotates and will drive driven wheel of differential 32, screw mandrel 33 rotates, screw mandrel 33 rotates clamp jaw 3 the moving axially along screw mandrel 33 that will drive on screw mandrel 33, thus realizing moving and stepping up or unclamp workpiece of clamp jaw 3, many group clamp jaws 3 are made to be capable of linkage, improve the mobile efficiency of clamp jaw 3, can be convenient, efficiently workpiece is carried out clamping.

Claims (4)

1. a Plate-shaped parts Milling Process special tooling, including workbench (1), it is characterized in that: described workbench (1) offers cross chute (14), being provided with clamp jaw (3) in every chute of described cross chute (14), described clamp jaw (3) can slide in chute and realize the clamping of workpiece;Described workbench (1) is provided with two groups of hold down gags (2), described hold down gag (2) includes hydraulic unit driver (21) and swing arm (25), the hydraulic unit driver (21) of two groups of hold down gags (2) lays respectively at left and right or the both sides, front and back of workbench (1), the output shaft end of described hydraulic unit driver (21) is connected to connecting rod (22), and the two ends of described connecting rod (22) are all hinged with connecting rod (23);The swing arm (25) often organizing hold down gag (2) arranges two, and the bottom of two swing arms (25) is hingedly connected to the two ends of workbench (1) certain side, the other end of the connecting rod (23) at described connecting rod (22) two ends is articulated and connected with the middle part of the swing arm (25) being positioned at workbench (1) two ends correspondence position respectively;It is connected to gangbar (26) between swing arm (25) end and the swing arm (25) of workbench (1) opposite side corresponding position of workbench (1) certain side upper.
2. a kind of Plate-shaped parts Milling Process special tooling as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described workbench (1) includes top board (11) and base plate (12), is connected by four support columns (13) between described top board (11) with base plate (12);Described cross chute (14) is opened on top board (11), and described base plate (12) is provided with the claw driving mechanism for driving clamp jaw (3) movement.
3. a kind of Plate-shaped parts Milling Process special tooling as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described claw driving mechanism is fluid pressure drive device, the position of described fluid pressure drive device correspondence clamp jaw (3) arranges four groups, and the clamp jaw (3) of the output shaft and corresponding position of often organizing fluid pressure drive device is connected and drives clamp jaw (3) to move along the length direction of chute.
4. a kind of Plate-shaped parts Milling Process special tooling as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described claw driving mechanism includes drive bevel gear (31) and screw mandrel (33), described drive bevel gear (31) is installed on upper and around drive bevel gear (31) the axis of base plate (12) and rotates, described screw mandrel (33) is four groups, the position often organizing the corresponding clamp jaw (3) of screw mandrel (33) is arranged, and screw mandrel (33) is set in the screwed hole of clamp jaw (3) and threadeds with clamp jaw (3), the upper side near drive bevel gear (31) of described screw mandrel (33) is provided with driven wheel of differential (32), driven wheel of differential (32) on four groups of screw mandrels (33) all engages with drive bevel gear (31).
CN201610154462.8A 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Tool special for milling dish cover part Pending CN105710423A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610154462.8A CN105710423A (en) 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Tool special for milling dish cover part

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610154462.8A CN105710423A (en) 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Tool special for milling dish cover part

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105710423A true CN105710423A (en) 2016-06-29

Family

ID=56158960

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610154462.8A Pending CN105710423A (en) 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Tool special for milling dish cover part

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105710423A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108856840A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-11-23 臧晨晨 A kind of soft state slitting guide and guards of flat cold-rolled sheet

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108856840A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-11-23 臧晨晨 A kind of soft state slitting guide and guards of flat cold-rolled sheet
CN108856840B (en) * 2018-07-17 2019-11-26 唐山首唐宝生功能材料有限公司 A kind of soft state slitting guide and guards of flat cold-rolled sheet

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C06 Publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20160629

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication