CN105708633A - 辅助式上下床轮椅 - Google Patents

辅助式上下床轮椅 Download PDF

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CN105708633A
CN105708633A CN201610204985.9A CN201610204985A CN105708633A CN 105708633 A CN105708633 A CN 105708633A CN 201610204985 A CN201610204985 A CN 201610204985A CN 105708633 A CN105708633 A CN 105708633A
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support
buttocks
wheelchair
chute
slide
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CN105708633B (zh
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朱恩惠
徐凯翔
潘柏松
蔡姚杰
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/104Devices for lifting or tilting the whole wheelchair
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1001Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto specially adapted for specific applications
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1013Lifting of patients by
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1049Attachment, suspending or supporting means for patients
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2200/00Information related to the kind of patient or his position
    • A61G2200/10Type of patient
    • A61G2200/20Type of patient with asymmetric abilities, e.g. hemiplegic or missing a limb
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/70General characteristics of devices with special adaptations, e.g. for safety or comfort

Abstract

辅助式上下床轮椅,包括支架,在支架两侧安装有轮子,支架包括底部框架,人体支撑部件包括膝部支架、腿部支撑板、臀部支架、背部支撑板和肩部支架,膝部支架、臀部支架、肩部支架的垂向通过具有滑槽滑轨结构的升降杆固定在底部框架上;膝部支架、臀部支架、肩部支架分别为三个滑块组成,三个滑块通过滑槽滑块结构相互连接,三个滑块向轮椅的一侧横向滑动。抬升人体,再将病患依滑块推向病床一侧,可将病患人体放置于病床之上,可以方便地解决腿脚不便的空巢老年人、肢体不便的病患在轮椅和床之间转移困难的问题。

Description

辅助式上下床轮椅
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及一种轮椅,特别涉及一种可辅助上下床的轮椅。
背景技术
[0002]病患从轮椅到床上有时必须要有他人的帮助。在帮扶病患上床的过程中,很容易对病人造成二次损伤,如果病人比较重,需要几个人进行合作才能完成。对于行动不便的空巢老年人,也需要他人帮助。
发明内容
[0003]为解决现有技术的不足,提供一种辅助式上下床轮椅,这种轮椅结构合理,能有效帮助病患移动到床。
[0004]为实现上述目的,本发明采用以下技术方案:
辅助式上下床轮椅,包括支架,在支架两侧安装有轮子,支架包括底部框架,人体支撑部件包括膝部支架、腿部支撑板、臀部支架、背部支撑板和肩部支架,腿部支撑板、背部支撑板固定在支架上,底部框架包括在轮椅的两侧与臀部支架固定的中段,在该中段两头设有与之滑槽滑轨配合的移动框架,移动框架分别与膝部支架、肩部支架固定连接,底部框架通过横向连杆连接;膝部支架、臀部支架、肩部支架的垂向通过具有滑槽滑轨结构的升降杆固定在底部框架上;膝部支架、臀部支架、肩部支架分别为三个滑块组成,三个滑块通过滑槽滑块结构相互连接,三个滑块向轮椅的一侧横向滑动。
[0005]上述的辅助式上下床轮椅,臀部支架还包括上臀支架、下臀支架,下臀支架为三块向轮椅一侧滑动的末端滑块,上臀支架通过滑槽滑块结构与下臀支架连接,上臀支架滑动方向为背部方向,在下臀支架上设有转轴,下臀支架上设有滑槽,安装在上臀支架滑槽内的滑块与转轴通过臀部离合连杆连接。
[0006]上述的辅助式上下床轮椅,下臀支架的转轴与一手动转轮连接。
[0007]上述的辅助式上下床轮椅,下臀支架的转轴与一电机连接。
[0008]上述的辅助式上下床轮椅,在机架上膝部横向滑动的一侧活动连接有平衡支撑脚。
[0009]轮椅通过扶轮转动进行平常的移动,其机构与普通的轮椅并无二致。当需要将病患移动到床上,放下平衡支撑脚,通过升降杆将病患的膝部、臀部及肩部抬起,由于膝部、臀部及肩部支架由三个滑块组成,可手动将病患推向病床一侧,再转动固定在下臀支架上的转动轴,将上、下臀支架分离,使得病患的臀部先着床,此时可依次抽回膝部支架、肩部支架及臀部支架的各个滑块,将病患人体放置于病床之上。
[0010]升降杆可以是通过电动驱动的液压升降装置。
[0011]本发明辅助式上下床轮椅可以方便地解决腿脚不便的空巢老年人、肢体不便的病患在轮椅和床之间转移困难的问题。
附图说明
[0012]图1为本发明整体结构示意图。
[0013]图2为本发明人体支撑部件结构示意图。
[0014]图3为本发明人体支撑部件滑开及分离后的结构示意图。
[0015]图4为本发明肩部支架滑开后的结构示意图。
[0016]图5为本发明膝部支架滑开后的结构示意图。
[0017]图6为本发明臀部支架滑开后的结构示意图。
[0018]图7为本发明臀部支架分离前的结构示意图。
[0019]图8为本发明臀部支架分离后的结构示意图。
[0020]图9为本发明平衡支撑脚的结构示意图。
[0021]图中标记为:I机架,11横向连杆,12底部框架包括在轮椅的两侧与臀部支架固定的中段,21前轮,22扶轮,23扶手,3人体支撑部件,31臀部支架,310臀部升降杆,311第一臀部滑块,312第二臀部滑块,313第三臀部滑块即下臀支架,314上臀支架,315转轴,316臀部离合连杆,317滑块,318上臀支架用于下臀支架配合的滑块,319下臀支架用于下臀支架配合的滑槽,320上臀支架上开设的滑槽,32背部支撑板,33肩部支架,330肩部升降杆,331第一肩部滑块,332第二肩部滑块,第三333肩部滑块,34腿部支撑板,35膝部支架,350膝部升降杆,351膝部滑块,352膝部滑块,353膝部滑块,4平衡支撑脚。
具体实施方式
[0022] 实施例一:
辅助式上下床轮椅,包括支架I,在支架两侧安装有轮子,轮子包括扶轮22和前轮21,支架包括底部框架,人体支撑部件包括膝部支架35、腿部支撑板34、臀部支架31、背部支撑板32和肩部支架33,腿部支撑板、背部支撑板固定在支架I上,底部框架包括在轮椅的两侧与臀部支架固定的中段12,在该中段两头设有与之滑槽滑轨配合的移动框架13,移动框架分别与膝部支架、肩部支架固定连接,底部框架通过横向连杆11连接;膝部支架、臀部支架、肩部支架的垂向通过具有滑槽滑轨结构的升降杆固定在底部框架上;在支架I上设有扶手23;膝部支架、臀部支架、肩部支架分别为三个滑块组成,三个滑块通过滑槽滑块结构相互连接,三个滑块向轮椅的一侧横向滑动。
[0023]臀部支架还包括上臀支架、下臀支架,下臀支架为三块中向轮椅一侧滑动的末端滑块313,上臀支架314通过滑槽滑块结构与下臀支架连接,上臀支架滑动方向为背部方向,在下臀支架上设有转轴315,下臀支架上设有滑槽319,安装在上臀支架滑槽320内的滑块317与转轴通过臀部离合连杆316连接;下臀支架的转轴与一手动转轮连接。
[0024]在机架上膝部横向滑动的一侧活动连接有平衡支撑脚。
[0025]当需要将病患移动到床上时,放下平衡支撑脚4,通过升降杆将病患的膝部、臀部及肩部抬起,膝部、臀部及肩部支架由三个滑块组成,此时人体压在各滑块上,可手动将病患沿滑块推向病床一侧,再转动固定在下臀支架上的转动轴,将上、下臀支架分离,使得病患的臀部先着床,再依次抽回膝部支架、肩部支架及臀部支架的各个滑块,将病患人体放置于病床之上。
[0026]本例中所所述的升降杆可以是通过电能驱动的液压升降装置。
[0027] 实施例二:
本实施例与实施例一不同的是,下臀支架的转轴与一电机连接。

Claims (5)

1.辅助式上下床轮椅,包括支架,在支架两侧安装有轮子,其特征在于支架包括底部框架,人体支撑部件包括膝部支架、腿部支撑板、臀部支架、背部支撑板和肩部支架,腿部支撑板、背部支撑板固定在支架上,底部框架包括在轮椅的两侧与臀部支架固定的中段,在该中段两头设有与之滑槽滑轨配合的移动框架,移动框架分别与膝部支架、肩部支架固定连接,底部框架通过横向连杆连接;膝部支架、臀部支架、肩部支架的垂向通过具有滑槽滑轨结构的升降杆固定在底部框架上;膝部支架、臀部支架、肩部支架分别为三个滑块组成,三个滑块通过滑槽滑块结构相互连接,三个滑块向轮椅的一侧横向滑动。
2.如权利要求1所述的辅助式上下床轮椅,其特征在于臀部支架还包括上臀支架、下臀支架,下臀支架为三块向轮椅一侧滑动的末端滑块,上臀支架通过滑槽滑块结构与下臀支架连接,上臀支架滑动方向为背部方向,在下臀支架上设有转轴,下臀支架上设有滑槽,安装在上臀支架滑槽内的滑块与转轴通过臀部离合连杆连接。
3.如权利要求1所述的辅助式上下床轮椅,其特征在于下臀支架的转轴与一手动转轮连接。
4.如权利要求1所述的辅助式上下床轮椅,其特征在于下臀支架的转轴与一电机连接。
5.如权利要求1所述的辅助式上下床轮椅,其特征在于在机架上膝部横向滑动的一侧活动连接有平衡支撑脚。
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CN112076032A (zh) * 2020-10-16 2020-12-15 杭州米兔智能家居科技有限公司 一种心内科护理床

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112076032A (zh) * 2020-10-16 2020-12-15 杭州米兔智能家居科技有限公司 一种心内科护理床

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