CN105706777A - Wireless intelligent planting system with air purification - Google Patents

Wireless intelligent planting system with air purification Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105706777A
CN105706777A CN201610255751.7A CN201610255751A CN105706777A CN 105706777 A CN105706777 A CN 105706777A CN 201610255751 A CN201610255751 A CN 201610255751A CN 105706777 A CN105706777 A CN 105706777A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
control
air cleaning
air
tank
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610255751.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林振华
伏小强
Original Assignee
苏州创必成电子科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610255751.7A priority Critical patent/CN105706777A/en
Publication of CN105706777A publication Critical patent/CN105706777A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/022Pots for vertical horticulture
    • A01G9/023Multi-tiered planters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/003Controls for self-acting watering devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/006Reservoirs, separate from plant-pots, dispensing directly into rooting medium
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/89Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • F24F8/10
    • F24F8/108
    • F24F8/175
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01FMEASURING VOLUME, VOLUME FLOW, MASS FLOW OR LIQUID LEVEL; METERING BY VOLUME
    • G01F23/00Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm

Abstract

The invention discloses a wireless intelligent planting system with air purification. The wireless intelligent planting system comprises a bracket, a control system, an automatic water supply system, a humidity sensor, an air purification system and a water level sensor, wherein the automatic water supply system comprises a water tank, a water pipe, a water pump, a water supplying hole and a water returning hole; the water pump is arranged in the water tank and is connected with the water pipe arranged in soil through the water supplying hole; a water through hole is formed in a pipe wall of the water pipe; the water returning hole is arranged above the water tank; and the vertical position of discharging water is lower than the water pipe. The wireless intelligent planting system takes the control system as the core, and humidity control is realized through the automatic water supply system and the humidity sensor; the air purification is realized through the air purification system so that an indoor environment is improved; water lacking early warning is realized through the water level sensor; wireless intelligent remote control is realized through a wireless device; and on the whole, the wireless intelligent planting system is high in automation degree and high in space utilization rate and can be flexibly controlled.

Description

A kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning

Technical field

The present invention relates to planting technology field, particularly relate to a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning.

Background technology

In recent years, continuous growth along with urban population, the high buildings and large mansions of reinforced concrete are also increasing, so that the green coverage in city is in continuous minimizing, meanwhile, the crowd in city, the food of vegetable etc is all bought by market, people cannot pass through naked eyes identification vegetable whether safety, so that urbanite is faced with the problem such as environmental pollution, food safety.

Family planting vegetable garden refers to that resident utilizes the space of family housing to carry out planting vegetable, not only act as indoor greening, decorate the effect viewed and admired, and the vegetable planted eats for people, ensure that food safety, meanwhile, the job morale of the busy anxiety of people and the day by day heavy learning pressure of child, it is possible to by culturing vegetable personally, enjoy the enjoyment that Arcadian life brings, thus serving the effect of mood of releiving.

Different vegetable varieties is for illumination, temperature and humidity has different requirements, for illumination and temperature, cheap and the light compensating lamp that is easily achieved can effective supplementary light, more and more general air-conditioning can effectively regulate temperature, but, how effectively to control watering time and irrigation amount, thus ensureing the humidity requirement of vegetable variety, but it is not easy to, a kind of three-dimensional paddy field wall such as Chinese Patent Application No. 201210082682.6, have employed water and cycle facilities thereof, plant and cultivating facility thereof, forms facility, in point, outward, interior three hierarchical combination become the wall body structure in house, intervalometer and fixing water supply installation is adopted to control irrigation amount, but the timing function of intervalometer is parameter-embedded, this invention does not provide control device to carry out parameter setting, the present invention is made to there is culturing vegetable single, the defect of malfunction;The light filling type sectional kitchen garden planting unit of Chinese Patent Application No. 201410350469.8, the devices such as microcomputer controller, micropump, LED light supplement lamp are adopted to realize computer semiautomatic control irrigation amount, operate comparatively flexible, but this invention have employed the mode of top water spray, water flows from top to bottom, the humidity that there is top layer and bottom is uneven, and the water of ejection waters on vegetable, has that the soil is porous, moisture evaporation and a defect such as unbecoming;A kind of root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system of China Patent No. 201420207751.6, what adopt is controlling water level and the mode of bottom sponge infiltration, realize automatic irrigation and control the beneficial effect of soil moisture, avoid many defects that top water spray brings, but the contact of water-absorbing sponge and soil makes soil can absorb moisture always, until soil moisture is saturated or has reached the situation that sponge humidity is consistent, humid control is undesirable and the problem that there is soil's being over wet;A kind of balcony vegetable plantation equipment of the automatic irrigation of China Patent No. 201510632916.3, the change of soil moisture content is judged by detecting soil resistivity change, realize pouring water by the with holes little water pipe being embedded in soil, thus realizing the technique effect of automatic irrigation, but this invention measures soil moisture content indirectly by soil resistivity, its error is bigger, not accurate enough, simultaneously because tube-type receptacle two ends are by covering closure, if monolayer tube-type receptacle, then space availability ratio is too low, if multilamellar tube-type receptacle, then do not connect mutually between multilamellar, water circulation can not be formed, flow into the water in little water pipe with holes to flow out from the perforate of one end capping when reaching suitable soil moisture, the water flowed out is regardless of whether there is collection, the water collected is regardless of whether reuse, all make this invention cannot realize water-saving irrigation and automatic irrigation simultaneously.

A kind of the family planting system that automatic watering function, energy-conservation irrigation, space availability ratio are high and can control flexibly can be realized it is therefore desirable to design.

Summary of the invention

The present invention solves that the problems referred to above provide a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning, to control system for core, humid control is achieved by automatic water supply system and humidity sensor, air cleaning is achieved by air cleaning system, improve indoor environment, achieve hydropenia early warning by level sensor, and pass through wireless device, achieving intelligent wireless remote control, automaticity is high on the whole, space availability ratio is high and can control flexibly.

For achieving the above object, reaching the effect above, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:

A kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning, including support, control system, automatic water supply system, humidity sensor, air cleaning system and level sensor, described automatic water supply system includes tank, water pipe, water pump, feed water inlet and water return outlet, described water pump is placed in the sink, it is connected with the water pipe being placed in soil by feed water inlet, described water pipe is provided with permeable hole on tube wall, described water return outlet is arranged on the top of tank, and the upright position of water outlet is lower than water pipe, described control system and automatic water supply system, humidity sensor, air cleaning system, level sensor connects.

Further, described support includes short planting groove, long planting groove, universal wheel and collet, described short planting groove is connected with long planting groove, and described water pipe is positioned at the bottom of short planting groove, long planting groove, and described tank, air cleaning system are placed on collet.

Further, described control system includes display, button, central controller, sensor processing module and wireless device, and described wireless device can be attached with the smart machine of user, and described wireless device is WIFI module or Bluetooth module.

Further, described air cleaning system includes the trachea sucking the air pump of gas, the air refining device that gas is refined into microgranule bubble and transmission gas, described air pump is connected with air refining device by trachea, the quantity one_to_one corresponding of described trachea and air refining device.

Further, being placed with and remove the drainage screen of particulate pollutant in air between described air pump and trachea, described drainage screen is HEPA filter screen or electro static filtering net or active carbon filter screen.

Further, described humidity sensor is provided with one or more, contacts with the soil in planting groove, and described control system, by receiving the soil humidity information that humidity sensor gathers, automatically controls startup or the closedown of automatic water supply system.

Further, described level sensor is placed on tank, and described control system is by receiving the tank water level information that level sensor gathers, thus controlling whether to send hydropenia early warning.

Further, the parameter can changed in described control system includes but not limited to: soil moisture range corresponding to the output of automatic water supply system and water supply time, different cultivars, default hydropenia alarming value, the startup of controlled in wireless or closedown, described control system preserves the parameter that user sets, thus automatic water supply system, hydropenia prior-warning device are controlled.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

A kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning, has the advantage that

1, by being embedded in the water pipe with holes bottom soil, adopting pumping for water pump to eminence, flow through planting groove along water pipe, finally unnecessary current return flume, entirety achieves the technique effect of water circulation, thus avoiding unnecessary water to discharge the waste caused;By arranging different water supply parameters in the controls, to adapt to the humidity requirement of different vegetable kind, enabling users to control more flexibly irrigation amount, the water content in soil monitored in real time by humidity sensor simultaneously, it is achieved thereby that the technique effect automatically watered;

2, the wireless device in control system can be connected with the smart machine of user so that user can pass through the APP program being contained on smart machine in advance, carries out the Wireless remote control to whole system;

3, air pump extracts gas, passes in water, effectively filter the pollutant in air after drainage screen, air refining device, plays the effect purifying air;

4, gathered the water level information in tank by level sensor, by user preset hydropenia alarming value, judged by controlling intrasystem software algorithm, and send early warning signal, thus reminding user to carry out moisturizing in time;

In sum, the present invention is a kind of intelligent implant system with humid control, wireless remote control, air cleaning, hydropenia early warning.

Described above is only the general introduction of technical solution of the present invention, in order to better understand the technological means of the present invention, and can be practiced according to the content of description, below with presently preferred embodiments of the present invention and coordinate accompanying drawing describe in detail as after, the specific embodiment of the present invention is shown in detail in by following example and accompanying drawing thereof.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Accompanying drawing described herein is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, constitutes the part of the application, and the schematic description and description of the present invention is used for explaining the present invention, is not intended that inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 2 is the front view of a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional view of a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 4 is the axonometric chart of a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 5 is the top view of a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the automatic water supply system that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the control system that the present invention relates to;

Fig. 8 is the schematic internal view of the control system that the present invention relates to.

Wherein, support 1, control system 2, automatic water supply system 3, humidity sensor 4, smart machine 5, air cleaning system 6, level sensor 7, top cover plate 11, long beam 12, tail trimmer 13, column 14, short planting groove 15, long planting groove 16, universal wheel 17, collet 18, buttress brace 19, display 21, button 22, central controller 23, sensor processing module 24, wiring hole 25, wireless device 26, tank 31, water pipe 32, water pump 33, feed water inlet 34, water return outlet 35, air pump 61, air refining device 62, trachea 63.

Detailed description of the invention

Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments, the present invention is described in detail:

As Figure 1-Figure 8, a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning, by support 1, control system 2, automatic water supply system 3, humidity sensor 4, air cleaning system 6 and level sensor 7 form, control system 2 and automatic water supply system 3 are placed on support 1, control system 2 automatic water supply system 3, humidity sensor 4, air cleaning system 6, level sensor 7 is connected, wherein automatic water supply system 3 includes tank 31, water pipe 32, water pump 33, feed water inlet 34 and water return outlet 35, water pump 33 is placed in tank 31, it is connected with the water pipe 32 being placed in soil by feed water inlet 34, the tube wall of water pipe 32 is provided with permeable hole, water return outlet 35 is positioned at the top of tank 31, and the upright position of water outlet is lower than water pipe 32.

As it is shown in figure 1, support 1 includes top cover plate 11, long beam 12, tail trimmer 13, column 14, short planting groove 15, long planting groove 16, universal wheel 17, collet 18 and buttress brace 19;Short planting groove 15 is connected with long planting groove 16, forms loop;Water pipe 32 is positioned at the bottom of short planting groove 15, long planting groove 16, and the soil overlaid with plantation of water pipe 32, tank 31 is placed on collet 18, and collet 18 is arranged on the bottom of support 1;Control system 2 is then positioned at the top of long beam 12, against long planting groove 16;Humidity sensor 4 is provided with three, is each provided with one on every layer long planting groove 16, is placed on the sidewall of long planting groove 16, contacts with the soil in long planting groove 16.

Control system 2 is placed on the height on support 1 at about one meter, it is simple to user is controlled;Whole support 1 is provided with three layers plantation layer altogether, and space availability ratio is higher, is separated by 0.4 meter for every layer, the growing space that vegetable has is at about 0.3 meter, suitable cultivation most vegetables kind, support 1 is provided with four universal wheels 17 altogether, it is simple to user moves according to practical situation;Whole support 1 adopts long beam 12, tail trimmer 13, column 14 as body frame structure, is provided with four buttress braces 19 and carries out load-bearing, securely in the middle of simultaneously.

As it is shown on figure 3, air cleaning system 6 includes air pump 61, air refining device 62 and trachea 63, air pump 61 is placed on tank 31 side, and four air refining devices 62 are placed in tank 31, and air pump 61 is connected one to one by four tracheas 63 and air refining device 62;Level sensor 7 is placed on tank 31, touches with tank 31 bottom connection.

As shown in Figs. 7-8, control system 2 includes display 21, button 22, central controller 23, sensor processing module 24, wiring hole 25 and wireless device 26, wireless device 26 is WIFI module, wireless connections can be carried out with the smart machine 5 of user, be connected energising with external power source by wiring hole 25.

The overall work process of this embodiment is as follows: the power line of connection control system 2, user is planting vegetable kind in short planting groove 15, long planting groove 16, and according to vegetable variety, the requirement of humidity is carried out parameter setting, after being provided with, control system 2 carries out humid control and hydropenia early warning, and user chooses whether to open controlled in wireless, automatic mode and the switching of manual mode, being turned on and off of air cleaning system 6 also dependent on oneself practical situation.

Realize the process that parameter arranges as follows: carry out parameter first when arranging, check operation interface by display 21, inputted parameter and corresponding vegetable variety by button 22, be then saved in the central controller 23 in control system 2, parameter is arranged after successfully first, vegetable variety according to plantation, searches corresponding sequence number, recalls the parameter arranged before, carry out using, if finding, the parameter recalled does not meet the actual requirement of oneself, can modify, and uses after preservation.

The process realizing humid control is as follows: the soil humidity information gathered by the humidity sensor 4 being embedded in soil, and the soil humidity information gathered is sent to controlling in system 2, computing is carried out by the software algorithm in control system 2, judge whether in the soil moisture range that user sets, when the soil moisture range lower limit set lower than user, control system 2 starts water pump 33, water in tank 31 is through the absorption of water pump 33, water pipe 32 is flowed into from feed water inlet 34, water pipe 32 flows through short planting groove 15, in long planting groove 16, soil is penetrated into from permeable hole, owing to the upright position of water return outlet 35 water outlet is lower than water pipe 32, unnecessary water can flow back in tank 31 through water return outlet 35, after reaching the soil moisture range higher limit that user sets, switch off the pump 33, stop supplying water.

The process realizing hydropenia early warning is as follows: the current level information gathered by level sensor 7, and the water level information gathered is sent to controlling in system 2, computing is carried out by the software algorithm in control system 2, judge whether reaching the hydropenia alarming value of user preset, when the hydropenia alarming value set lower than user, control system 2 sends hydropenia early warning, notifies the timely moisturizing of user.

The process realizing controlled in wireless is as follows: user selects to open controlled in wireless by display 21, smart machine 5 is installed the APP program that can control this implant system, carry out wireless connections by WIFI, by the operation in APP program, implant system is carried out controlled in wireless.

The process realizing Non-follow control is as follows: user selects to open Non-follow control by display 21, judge according to practical situation, the parameter about humidity is inputted by button 22, after determining, control instruction is sent by control system 2, thus automatic water supply system 3 is controlled, complete the parameter that user is manually entered.

The process realizing air cleaning is as follows: user selects to open air cleaning system 6 by display 21, gas is extracted by air pump 61, pass in water after drainage screen, trachea 63, air refining device 62, gas is refined into microgranule bubble by air refining device 62, emerge from the water surface, complete Water warfare, effectively filter the pollutant in air.

In the foregoing, the parameter that control system 2 can be changed includes but not limited to: soil moisture range corresponding to the output of automatic water supply system 3 and water supply time, different cultivars, default hydropenia alarming value, the startup of controlled in wireless or the switching of closedown, automatic mode and manual mode, being turned on and off of air cleaning system 6.

In conjunction with above known, when user goes away, when cannot take care of plant in time, can in advance toward tank 31 topped up with water, line parameter of going forward side by side is preset, and closes controlled in wireless, monitor in real time is carried out by control system 2, controlled startup and the closedown of automatic water supply system 3 by control system 2, carry out humid control, thus ensureing the growth humidity requirement of plant;Water returns to the cyclic design of tank 31 after whole automatic water supply system 3, it is to avoid unnecessary water is drained the waste caused, and reaches the beneficial effect of energy-conservation irrigation;By arranging the different parameters that different vegetable is corresponding in control system 2, user also may select manual mode or automatic mode or wireless remote control pattern so that user can control flexibly according to different practical situations.

The above, be only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the present invention not does any pro forma restriction;The those of ordinary skill of all industry all can shown in by specification accompanying drawing and the above and implement the present invention swimmingly;But, all those skilled in the art without departing within the scope of technical solution of the present invention, utilize disclosed above technology contents and make a little change, modify and the equivalent variations of differentiation, be the Equivalent embodiments of the present invention;Meanwhile, all change of any equivalent variations, modification and differentiation etc. above example made according to the substantial technological of the present invention, all still fall within the protection domain of technical scheme.

Claims (8)

1. an intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning, including support (1), control system (2), automatic water supply system (3), humidity sensor (4), air cleaning system (6) and level sensor (7), it is characterized in that: described automatic water supply system (3) includes tank (31), water pipe (32), water pump (33), feed water inlet (34) and water return outlet (35), described water pump (33) is placed in tank (31), it is connected with the water pipe (32) being placed in soil by feed water inlet (34), described water pipe (32) is provided with permeable hole on tube wall, described water return outlet (35) is arranged on the top of tank (31), and the upright position of water outlet is lower than water pipe (32), described control system (2) and automatic water supply system (3), humidity sensor (4), air cleaning system (6), level sensor (7) connects.
2. a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described support (1) includes short planting groove (15), long planting groove (16), universal wheel (17) and collet (18), described short planting groove (15) is connected with long planting groove (16), described water pipe (32) is positioned at the bottom of short planting groove (15), long planting groove (16), and described tank (31), air cleaning system (6) are placed on collet (18).
3. a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described control system (2) includes display (21), button (22), central controller (23), sensor processing module (24) and wireless device (26), described wireless device (26) can be attached with the smart machine (5) of user, and described wireless device (26) is WIFI module or Bluetooth module.
4. a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described air cleaning system (6) includes sucking the trachea (63) of the air pump (61) of gas, the air refining device (62) that gas is refined into microgranule bubble and transmission gas, described air pump (61) is connected with air refining device (62) by trachea (63), the quantity one_to_one corresponding of described trachea (63) and air refining device (62).
5. a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: be placed with between described air pump (61) and trachea (63) and remove the drainage screen of particulate pollutant in air, described drainage screen is HEPA filter screen or electro static filtering net or active carbon filter screen.
6. a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described humidity sensor (4) is provided with one or more, contact with the soil in planting groove, described control system (2), by receiving the soil humidity information that humidity sensor (4) gathers, automatically controls startup or the closedown of automatic water supply system (3).
7. a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described level sensor (7) is placed on tank (31), described control system (2) is by receiving tank (31) water level information that level sensor (7) gathers, thus controlling whether to send hydropenia early warning.
8. according to one of them described a kind of intelligent wireless implant system with air cleaning of claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that: the upper parameter that can change of described control system (2) includes but not limited to: soil moisture range corresponding to the output of automatic water supply system (3) and water supply time, different cultivars, default hydropenia alarming value, the startup of controlled in wireless or closedown, described control system (2) preserves the parameter that user sets, thus automatic water supply system (3), hydropenia prior-warning device are controlled.
CN201610255751.7A 2016-04-22 2016-04-22 Wireless intelligent planting system with air purification CN105706777A (en)

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CN104904584A (en) * 2015-05-16 2015-09-16 周晚来 Plant cultivation device
CN105386500A (en) * 2015-10-19 2016-03-09 梁恩銘 Opening infiltrating irrigation drain pipe and sealed full-automatic infiltrating irrigation rainwater recycling all-dimensional planting pot
CN105230452A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-01-13 南京工业职业技术学院 Intelligent flower watering system

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