CN105699761A - Electric energy information acquisition and monitor method on the basis of internet of things - Google Patents

Electric energy information acquisition and monitor method on the basis of internet of things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105699761A
CN105699761A CN201610066087.1A CN201610066087A CN105699761A CN 105699761 A CN105699761 A CN 105699761A CN 201610066087 A CN201610066087 A CN 201610066087A CN 105699761 A CN105699761 A CN 105699761A
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China
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phase
data
energy
bytes
total
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金显吉
佟为明
高吉星
李中伟
林景波
李凤阁
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Harbin Institute of Technology
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Harbin Institute of Technology
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Priority to CN201610066087.1A priority Critical patent/CN105699761A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R22/00Arrangements for measuring time integral of electric power or current, e.g. electricity meters
    • G01R22/06Arrangements for measuring time integral of electric power or current, e.g. electricity meters by electronic methods
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R22/00Arrangements for measuring time integral of electric power or current, e.g. electricity meters
    • G01R22/06Arrangements for measuring time integral of electric power or current, e.g. electricity meters by electronic methods
    • G01R22/061Details of electronic electricity meters
    • G01R22/063Details of electronic electricity meters related to remote communication

Abstract

The invention discloses an electric energy information acquisition and monitor method on the basis of internet of things and is applied in a system formed by a main station, a data concentrator and an intelligent electric meter. The data concentrator uses polling method to acquire real time data; the data concentrator uses event triggering method to acquire event data. When an event flag variable is detected as 1 in a status confirmation polling response message, the data concentrator will command the intelligent electric meter to send failure occurrence/ending event data messages; when the fault occurrence event of the intelligent electric meter is detected, the data concentrator will give the alarm to the main station; when the fault ending event is detected, the data concentrator will command the intelligent electric meter to send a fault event record data I/O polling response message. According to the method, polling is performed on data of different types at different time periods, and event triggering is adopted to transmit event data, and therefore, the communication efficiency is increased, the communication real-time performance is enhanced; the method has large application prospect and great usage value.

Description

A kind of acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring method
Technical field
The present invention relates to acquiring electric energy information and monitoring technical field, in particular to a kind of acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring method。
Background technology
Acquiring electric energy information and monitoring system based on Internet of Things are made up of main website, data concentrator, intelligent electric meter three part;Voltage and current signal on the intelligent electric meter power bus-bar to detecting processes, calculates and analyzes the data obtaining being related to energy information, and transmits data to data concentrator by the communication mode of Zigbee, RS485 and power line carrier;Data concentrator receives the energy information data that intelligent electric meter sends, and it is analyzed further and stores, and by the communication mode of Ethernet and GPRS, the data of storage is sent to main website, and the duty of intelligent electric meter is also monitored by data concentrator simultaneously。As can be seen here, the acquiring electric energy information of Internet of Things and monitoring system bear the vital task of acquiring electric energy information, so that have that communication efficiency height, real-time be good and the performance such as motility is high, to ensure standardization and the precision of acquiring electric energy information process, but, when communicating with intelligent electric meter, there is the problems such as communication efficiency is low, real-time communication is poor in current data concentrator。
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring method, in order to overcome the problems such as communication efficiency when existing data concentrator and intelligent electric meter communicate is low, real-time communication is poor。
In order to achieve the above object, the invention provides a kind of acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring method, the method is applied in the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring system, acquiring electric energy information and monitoring system based on Internet of Things include main website, data concentrator and intelligent electric meter, wherein, by the mutual communication of communication mode of Ethernet and GPRS between main website and data concentrator, by the mutual communication of communication mode of Zigbee, RS485 or power line carrier between data concentrator and intelligent electric meter, wherein, the method comprises the following steps:
S1: based on acquiring electric energy information and the monitoring system electrification of Internet of Things;
S2: the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things performs communication initialization with monitoring system;
S3: described data concentrator sends state confirmation polling order message to described intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is the N1 second;
S4: described intelligent electric meter receives the state confirmation polling order message of described data concentrator transmission and sends state confirmation poll response message to described data concentrator;
S5: described data concentrator detects the state confirmation poll response message of described intelligent electric meter transmission and judges whether the event flag variable in state confirmation poll response message is 1, when event flag variable is 1, described data concentrator sends fault message request command to described intelligent electric meter and performs step S6, performs step S10 when event flag variable is not 1;
S6: described intelligent electric meter receives fault message request command and sends fault generation/end event data message to described data concentrator;
S7: described data concentrator receives fault generation/end event data message and it is judged, when judging that described intelligent electric meter exists failure occurrence event, described data concentrator sends warning message to described main website, when judging then to carry out step S8 when described intelligent electric meter exists fault End Event, if there is no fault End Event then performs step S10;
S8: described data concentrator sends event of failure record data I/O polling order message to described intelligent electric meter;
S9: described intelligent electric meter sends event of failure record data I/O poll response message to described data concentrator;
S10: described data concentrator sends real time data I/O polling order message to described intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is N2 hour;
S11: described intelligent electric meter adopts the mode of packet to send real time data I/O poll response message to described data concentrator;
S12: described data concentrator sends day freezing data I/O polling order message to described intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is 24 hours;
S13: described intelligent electric meter adopts the mode of packet to send day freezing data I/O poll response message to described data concentrator;
S14: described data concentrator sends moon freezing data I/O polling order message to described intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is 1 month;
S15: described intelligent electric meter adopts the mode of packet to send moon freezing data I/O poll response message to described data concentrator;
S16: return step S3。
In one embodiment of this invention, the value of N1 is the value of 5, N2 is 24。
In one embodiment of this invention, between described data concentrator and described intelligent electric meter during communication mutual to the communication mode of RS485 or power line carrier, in step s 11, the data in described real time data I/O poll response message are divided into 5 groups, are respectively as follows:
1st group of data are followed successively by: the combination active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the forward active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the reverse active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, idle 1 electric energy of combination of total amount and 4 rate components, idle 2 electric energy of combination of total amount and 4 rate components, the first quartile reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, second quadrant reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the third quadrant reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the fourth quadrant reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the forward apparent electric energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the reverse apparent electric energy of total amount and 4 rate components, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the total length of the 1st group of data is 220 bytes;
2nd group of data are followed successively by: associate total electric energy, forward is gained merit the total electric energy of first-harmonic, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of first-harmonic, forward is gained merit the total electric energy of harmonic wave, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave, copper loss is gained merit total power compensation amount, iron loss is gained merit total power compensation amount, A phase energy data, B phase energy data and C phase energy data, wherein, the energy data of each phase is followed successively by: forward active energy, reverse active energy, combine idle 1 electric energy, combine idle 2 electric energy, first quartile reactive energy, second quadrant reactive energy, third quadrant reactive energy, fourth quadrant reactive energy, forward apparent electric energy, reverse apparent electric energy, association electric energy, forward is gained merit fundamental energy, reversely meritorious fundamental energy, forward is gained merit harmonic electric energy, reversely meritorious harmonic electric energy, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave, copper loss active energy compensation dosage and iron loss active energy compensation dosage, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the total length of the 2nd group of data is 232 bytes;
3rd group of data are followed successively by: A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current, total instantaneous active power, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power, total instantaneous reactive power, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power, total instantaneous apparent energy, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase, total power factor, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor and the C phase current waveform distortion factor, wherein, A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage is 2 bytes, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous apparent energy is 3 bytes, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase is 3 bytes, and total power factor is 2 bytes, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor is 2 bytes, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle is 2 bytes, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor is 2 bytes, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor, the C phase current waveform distortion factor is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 3rd group of data is 77 bytes;
4th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase voltage, 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase voltage, C phase voltage 1~21 subharmonic content, 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase current, 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase current, C phase current 1~21 subharmonic content, above-mentioned each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 4th group of data is 252 bytes;
5th group of data are followed successively by: neutral line current, mains frequency, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage, internal cell working time and current step price, wherein, neutral line current, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement is 3 bytes, mains frequency, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage is 2 bytes, internal cell working time and current step price are 4 bytes, the total length of the 5th group of data is 31 bytes。
In one embodiment of this invention, between described data concentrator and described intelligent electric meter during communication mutual to Zigbee communication mode, in step s 11, the data in described real time data I/O poll response message are divided into 11 groups, are respectively as follows:
1st group of data are followed successively by: idle 2 electric energy of combination of idle 1 electric energy of combination of the combination active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and the reverse active energy of the forward active energy of 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the 1st group of total length is 100 bytes;
2nd group of data are followed successively by: the fourth quadrant reactive energy of the second quadrant reactive energy of the first quartile reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and the third quadrant reactive energy of 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the 2nd group has total length is 80 bytes;
3rd group of data are followed successively by: the reverse apparent electric energy of the forward apparent electric energy of total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, associate total electric energy, the meritorious total electric energy of first-harmonic of forward, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of first-harmonic, the meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave of forward, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave, copper loss gain merit total power compensation amount and iron loss is gained merit total power compensation amount, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the 3rd group of total length is 68 bytes;
4th group of data are: A phase energy data, total length is 68 bytes;
5th group of data are: B phase energy data, total length is 68 bytes;
6th group of data are: C phase energy data, total length is 68 bytes;
7th group of data are followed successively by: A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current, total instantaneous active power, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power, total instantaneous reactive power, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power, total instantaneous apparent energy, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase, total power factor, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor and the C phase current waveform distortion factor, wherein, A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage is 2 bytes, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous apparent energy is 3 bytes, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase is 3 bytes, and total power factor is 2 bytes, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor is 2 bytes, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle is 2 bytes, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor is 2 bytes, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor, the C phase current waveform distortion factor is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 3rd group of data is 77 bytes;
8th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase voltage and 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase voltage, wherein, each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 8th group of data is 84 bytes;
9th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of C phase voltage and 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase current, each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 9th group of data is 84 bytes;
10th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase current and 1~21 subharmonic content of C phase current, each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 10th group of data is 84 bytes;
11st group of data are followed successively by: neutral line current, mains frequency, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage, internal cell working time and current step price, wherein, neutral line current, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement is 3 bytes, mains frequency, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage is 2 bytes, internal cell working time and current step price are 4 bytes, the total length of the 5th group of data is 31 bytes。
In one embodiment of this invention, described failure occurrence event includes: decompression, under-voltage, overvoltage, disconnected phase, full decompression, accessory power supply dead electricity, voltage negative phase sequence, electric current negative phase sequence, Voltage unbalance, current imbalance, defluidization, crosses stream, cutout, trend reversely and overload。
In one embodiment of this invention, described event of failure record data I/O poll response message includes fault and data and fault record data occurs/terminate, wherein, described fault occurs/terminates data for the finish time that moment and fault occur of record trouble, and described fault record data is for recording the energy data change from the fault generation moment to fault finish time process。
In one embodiment of this invention, described fault generation/end data packet draws together event identifier, event generation time and event finish time, wherein, described event generation time and described event finish time all include year, month, day, hour, min and second, described event identifier is 1 byte, described event generation time and described event finish time are 6 bytes, when described event finish time is 0xFFFFFFFFFFFF, represent that event of failure not yet terminates。
In one embodiment of this invention, described fault record data is followed successively by: event identifier, forward is gained merit total electric energy increment, reversely meritorious total electric energy increment, combine idle 1 total electric energy increment, combine idle 2 total electric energy increments, A phase forward active energy increment, A is on the contrary to active energy increment, the combined idle 1 electric energy increment of A, the combined idle 2 electric energy increments of A, B phase forward active energy increment, B is on the contrary to active energy increment, the combined idle 1 electric energy increment of B, the combined idle 2 electric energy increments of B, C phase forward active energy increment, C is on the contrary to active energy increment, the combined idle 1 electric energy increment of C and the combined idle 2 electric energy increments of C, wherein, event identifier accounts for 1 byte, all the other parameters all account for 4 bytes。
In one embodiment of this invention, data in described day freezing data I/O poll response message are followed successively by: timing freeze-off time, forward active energy data are freezed in timing, reverse active energy data are freezed in timing, timing is freezed to combine idle 1 energy data, timing is freezed to combine idle 2 energy datas, first quartile reactive energy data are freezed in timing, the second quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, third quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, fourth quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, the meritorious maximum demand of forward and time of origin data are freezed in timing and reversely gain merit maximum demand and time of origin data are freezed in timing, wherein, timing freeze-off time is 5 bytes, the meritorious maximum demand of forward and time of origin data are freezed in timing, timing freezes reversely to gain merit maximum demand and time of origin data are 40 bytes, remainder data is 20 bytes, total length of data is 245 bytes;
Time between described data concentrator and described intelligent electric meter by the mutual communication of Zigbee communication mode, the data in described day freezing data I/O poll response message are divided into 3 groups, are respectively as follows:
1st group of data are followed successively by: timing freeze-off time, timing freeze forward active energy data, reverse active energy data are freezed in timing, timing freezes to combine idle 1 energy data, timing is freezed to combine idle 2 energy datas, and total length is 85 bytes;
2nd group of data are followed successively by: first quartile reactive energy data are freezed in timing, the second quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, third quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, fourth quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, above-mentioned each parameter is 20 bytes, and total length is 80 bytes;
3rd group of data are followed successively by: the meritorious maximum demand of forward is freezed in timing and time of origin data timing freezes reversely gain merit maximum demand and time of origin data, and above-mentioned each parameter is 40 bytes, and total length is 80 bytes。
In one embodiment of this invention, the communication between described intelligent electric meter and described data concentrator adopts abstract application layer agreement, wherein:
1st byte of abstract application layer protocol massages and the 2nd byte representation intelligent electric meter address, in 3rd byte, bit7 represents that transmission direction, bit6 represent that response situation, bit5 retain, bit4-bit0 represents function type, the 4th byte and the 5th byte representation data length, and all the other bytes are data fields。
Acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things provided by the invention is with monitoring method, and data concentrator adopts the mode of poll that real time data is acquired;Data concentrator adopts the mode that event triggers that event data is acquired。When detecting that event flag variable is 1 from state confirmation poll response message, order intelligent electric meter is sent fault generation/end event data message by data concentrator, when finding that intelligent electric meter exists failure occurrence event, data concentrator will be reported to the police to main website, when finding fault End Event, order intelligent electric meter is sent event of failure record data I/O poll response message by data concentrator。This method is by being polled in the different time periods different types of data, and adopts the mode that event triggers to transmit event data, improves the efficiency of communication, enhances the real-time of communication, has bigger application prospect and use value。
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art will be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the premise not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings。
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring system;
Fig. 2 is the flow chart of the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring method。
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments。Based on the embodiment in the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under not paying creative work premise, broadly fall into the scope of protection of the invention。
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring system, and Fig. 2 is the flow chart of the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring method。As shown in the figure, acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things provided by the invention and monitoring method are applied in the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring system, acquiring electric energy information and monitoring system based on Internet of Things include main website, data concentrator and intelligent electric meter, wherein, by the mutual communication of communication mode of Ethernet and GPRS between main website and data concentrator, by the mutual communication of communication mode of Zigbee, RS485 or power line carrier between data concentrator and intelligent electric meter, wherein, the method comprises the following steps:
S1: based on acquiring electric energy information and the monitoring system electrification of Internet of Things;
S2: the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things performs communication initialization with monitoring system;
S3: data concentrator sends state confirmation polling order message to intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is the N1 second, and wherein, the value of N1 can be 5, and namely polling cycle herein is 5 seconds;
S4: intelligent electric meter receives the state confirmation polling order message of data concentrator transmission and sends state confirmation poll response message to data concentrator;
S5: data concentrator detects the state confirmation poll response message of intelligent electric meter transmission and judges whether the event flag variable in state confirmation poll response message is 1, when event flag variable is 1, data concentrator sends fault message request command to intelligent electric meter and performs step S6, performs step S10 when event flag variable is not 1;
S6: intelligent electric meter receives fault message request command and sends fault generation/end event data message to data concentrator;
S7: data concentrator receives fault generation/end event data message and it is judged, when judging that intelligent electric meter exists failure occurrence event, data concentrator sends warning message to main website, when judging then to carry out step S8 when intelligent electric meter exists fault End Event, if there is no fault End Event then performs step S10;
S8: data concentrator sends event of failure record data I/O polling order message to intelligent electric meter;
S9: intelligent electric meter sends event of failure record data I/O poll response message to data concentrator;
S10: data concentrator sends real time data I/O polling order message to intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is N2 hour, and wherein, the value of N2 can be 24, and namely polling cycle herein is 24 hours;
S11: intelligent electric meter adopts the mode of packet to send real time data I/O poll response message to data concentrator;
S12: data concentrator sends day freezing data I/O polling order message to intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is 24 hours;
S13: intelligent electric meter adopts the mode of packet to send day freezing data I/O poll response message to data concentrator;
S14: data concentrator sends moon freezing data I/O polling order message to intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is 1 month;
S15: intelligent electric meter adopts the mode of packet to send moon freezing data I/O poll response message to data concentrator;
S16: return step S3。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, between data concentrator and intelligent electric meter during communication mutual to the communication mode of RS485 or power line carrier, in step s 11, the data in real time data I/O poll response message can be divided into 5 groups, is respectively as follows:
1st group of data are followed successively by: the combination active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the forward active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the reverse active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, idle 1 electric energy of combination of total amount and 4 rate components, idle 2 electric energy of combination of total amount and 4 rate components, the first quartile reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, second quadrant reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the third quadrant reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the fourth quadrant reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the forward apparent electric energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the reverse apparent electric energy of total amount and 4 rate components, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the total length of the 1st group of data is 220 bytes;
2nd group of data are followed successively by: associate total electric energy, forward is gained merit the total electric energy of first-harmonic, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of first-harmonic, forward is gained merit the total electric energy of harmonic wave, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave, copper loss is gained merit total power compensation amount, iron loss is gained merit total power compensation amount, A phase energy data, B phase energy data and C phase energy data, wherein, the energy data of each phase is followed successively by: forward active energy, reverse active energy, combine idle 1 electric energy, combine idle 2 electric energy, first quartile reactive energy, second quadrant reactive energy, third quadrant reactive energy, fourth quadrant reactive energy, forward apparent electric energy, reverse apparent electric energy, association electric energy, forward is gained merit fundamental energy, reversely meritorious fundamental energy, forward is gained merit harmonic electric energy, reversely meritorious harmonic electric energy, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave, copper loss active energy compensation dosage and iron loss active energy compensation dosage, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the total length of the 2nd group of data is 232 bytes;
3rd group of data are followed successively by: A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current, total instantaneous active power, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power, total instantaneous reactive power, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power, total instantaneous apparent energy, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase, total power factor, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor and the C phase current waveform distortion factor, wherein, A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage is 2 bytes, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous apparent energy is 3 bytes, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase is 3 bytes, and total power factor is 2 bytes, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor is 2 bytes, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle is 2 bytes, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor is 2 bytes, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor, the C phase current waveform distortion factor is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 3rd group of data is 77 bytes;
4th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase voltage, 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase voltage, C phase voltage 1~21 subharmonic content, 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase current, 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase current, C phase current 1~21 subharmonic content, above-mentioned each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 4th group of data is 252 bytes;
5th group of data are followed successively by: neutral line current, mains frequency, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage, internal cell working time and current step price, wherein, neutral line current, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement is 3 bytes, mains frequency, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage is 2 bytes, internal cell working time and current step price are 4 bytes, the total length of the 5th group of data is 31 bytes。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, between data concentrator and intelligent electric meter during communication mutual to Zigbee communication mode, in step s 11, the data in real time data I/O poll response message are divided into 11 groups, are respectively as follows:
1st group of data are followed successively by: idle 2 electric energy of combination of idle 1 electric energy of combination of the combination active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and the reverse active energy of the forward active energy of 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the 1st group of total length is 100 bytes;
2nd group of data are followed successively by: the fourth quadrant reactive energy of the second quadrant reactive energy of the first quartile reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and the third quadrant reactive energy of 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the 2nd group has total length is 80 bytes;
3rd group of data are followed successively by: the reverse apparent electric energy of the forward apparent electric energy of total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, associate total electric energy, the meritorious total electric energy of first-harmonic of forward, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of first-harmonic, the meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave of forward, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave, copper loss gain merit total power compensation amount and iron loss is gained merit total power compensation amount, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the 3rd group of total length is 68 bytes;
4th group of data are: A phase energy data, total length is 68 bytes;
5th group of data are: B phase energy data, total length is 68 bytes;
6th group of data are: C phase energy data, total length is 68 bytes;
7th group of data are followed successively by: A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current, total instantaneous active power, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power, total instantaneous reactive power, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power, total instantaneous apparent energy, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase, total power factor, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor and the C phase current waveform distortion factor, wherein, A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage is 2 bytes, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous apparent energy is 3 bytes, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase is 3 bytes, and total power factor is 2 bytes, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor is 2 bytes, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle is 2 bytes, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor is 2 bytes, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor, the C phase current waveform distortion factor is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 3rd group of data is 77 bytes;
8th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase voltage and 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase voltage, wherein, each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 8th group of data is 84 bytes;
9th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of C phase voltage and 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase current, each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 9th group of data is 84 bytes;
10th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase current and 1~21 subharmonic content of C phase current, each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 10th group of data is 84 bytes;
11st group of data are followed successively by: neutral line current, mains frequency, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage, internal cell working time and current step price, wherein, neutral line current, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement is 3 bytes, mains frequency, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage is 2 bytes, internal cell working time and current step price are 4 bytes, the total length of the 5th group of data is 31 bytes。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, failure occurrence event includes: decompression, under-voltage, overvoltage, disconnected phase, full decompression, accessory power supply dead electricity, voltage negative phase sequence, electric current negative phase sequence, Voltage unbalance, current imbalance, defluidization, crosses stream, cutout, trend reversely and overload。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, event of failure record data I/O poll response message includes fault and data and fault record data occurs/terminate, wherein, fault occurs/terminates data for the finish time that moment and fault occur of record trouble, and fault record data is for recording the energy data change from the fault generation moment to fault finish time process。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, fault generation/end data packet draws together event identifier, event generation time and event finish time, wherein, event generation time and event finish time all include year, month, day, hour, min and second, event identifier is 1 byte, event generation time and event finish time are 6 bytes, when carving when the event is completed as 0xFFFFFFFFFFFF, represent that event of failure not yet terminates。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, fault record data is followed successively by: event identifier, forward is gained merit total electric energy increment, reversely meritorious total electric energy increment, combine idle 1 total electric energy increment, combine idle 2 total electric energy increments, A phase forward active energy increment, A is on the contrary to active energy increment, the combined idle 1 electric energy increment of A, the combined idle 2 electric energy increments of A, B phase forward active energy increment, B is on the contrary to active energy increment, the combined idle 1 electric energy increment of B, the combined idle 2 electric energy increments of B, C phase forward active energy increment, C is on the contrary to active energy increment, the combined idle 1 electric energy increment of C and the combined idle 2 electric energy increments of C, wherein, event identifier accounts for 1 byte, all the other parameters all account for 4 bytes。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, data in day freezing data I/O poll response message are followed successively by: timing freeze-off time, forward active energy data are freezed in timing, reverse active energy data are freezed in timing, timing is freezed to combine idle 1 energy data, timing is freezed to combine idle 2 energy datas, first quartile reactive energy data are freezed in timing, the second quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, third quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, fourth quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, the meritorious maximum demand of forward and time of origin data are freezed in timing and reversely gain merit maximum demand and time of origin data are freezed in timing, wherein, timing freeze-off time is 5 bytes, the meritorious maximum demand of forward and time of origin data are freezed in timing, timing freezes reversely to gain merit maximum demand and time of origin data are 40 bytes, remainder data is 20 bytes, total length of data is 245 bytes;
Time between data concentrator and intelligent electric meter by the mutual communication of Zigbee communication mode, the data in day freezing data I/O poll response message are divided into 3 groups, are respectively as follows:
1st group of data are followed successively by: timing freeze-off time, timing freeze forward active energy data, reverse active energy data are freezed in timing, timing freezes to combine idle 1 energy data, timing is freezed to combine idle 2 energy datas, and total length is 85 bytes;
2nd group of data are followed successively by: first quartile reactive energy data are freezed in timing, the second quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, third quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, fourth quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, above-mentioned each parameter is 20 bytes, and total length is 80 bytes;
3rd group of data are followed successively by: the meritorious maximum demand of forward is freezed in timing and time of origin data timing freezes reversely gain merit maximum demand and time of origin data, and above-mentioned each parameter is 40 bytes, and total length is 80 bytes。
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the communication between intelligent electric meter and data concentrator adopts abstract application layer agreement, wherein:
1st byte of abstract application layer protocol massages and the 2nd byte representation intelligent electric meter address, in 3rd byte, bit7 represents that transmission direction, bit6 represent that response situation, bit5 retain, bit4-bit0 represents function type, the 4th byte and the 5th byte representation data length, and all the other bytes are data fields。
Acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things provided by the invention is with monitoring method, and data concentrator adopts the mode of poll that real time data is acquired;Data concentrator adopts the mode that event triggers that event data is acquired。When detecting that event flag variable is 1 from state confirmation poll response message, order intelligent electric meter is sent fault generation/end event data message by data concentrator, when finding that intelligent electric meter exists failure occurrence event, data concentrator will be reported to the police to main website, when finding fault End Event, order intelligent electric meter is sent event of failure record data I/O poll response message by data concentrator。This method is by being polled in the different time periods different types of data, and adopts the mode that event triggers to transmit event data, improves the efficiency of communication, enhances the real-time of communication, has bigger application prospect and use value。
One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that: accompanying drawing is the schematic diagram of an embodiment, module or flow process in accompanying drawing are not necessarily implemented necessary to the present invention。
One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that: the module in device in embodiment can describe in the device being distributed in embodiment according to embodiment, it is also possible to carries out respective change and is disposed other than in one or more devices of the present embodiment。The module of above-described embodiment can merge into a module, it is also possible to is further split into multiple submodule。
Last it is noted that above example is only in order to illustrate technical scheme, it is not intended to limit;Although the present invention being described in detail with reference to previous embodiment, it will be understood by those within the art that: the technical scheme described in previous embodiment still can be modified by it, or wherein portion of techniques feature is carried out equivalent replacement;And these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of embodiment of the present invention technical scheme。

Claims (10)

1. the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring method, the method is applied in the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things and monitoring system, acquiring electric energy information and monitoring system based on Internet of Things include main website, data concentrator and intelligent electric meter, wherein, by the mutual communication of communication mode of Ethernet and GPRS between main website and data concentrator, by the mutual communication of communication mode of Zigbee, RS485 or power line carrier between data concentrator and intelligent electric meter, it is characterized in that, the method comprises the following steps:
S1: based on acquiring electric energy information and the monitoring system electrification of Internet of Things;
S2: the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things performs communication initialization with monitoring system;
S3: described data concentrator sends state confirmation polling order message to described intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is the N1 second;
S4: described intelligent electric meter receives the state confirmation polling order message of described data concentrator transmission and sends state confirmation poll response message to described data concentrator;
S5: described data concentrator detects the state confirmation poll response message of described intelligent electric meter transmission and judges whether the event flag variable in state confirmation poll response message is 1, when event flag variable is 1, described data concentrator sends fault message request command to described intelligent electric meter and performs step S6, performs step S10 when event flag variable is not 1;
S6: described intelligent electric meter receives fault message request command and sends fault generation/end event data message to described data concentrator;
S7: described data concentrator receives fault generation/end event data message and it is judged, when judging that described intelligent electric meter exists failure occurrence event, described data concentrator sends warning message to described main website, when judging then to carry out step S8 when described intelligent electric meter exists fault End Event, if there is no fault End Event then performs step S10;
S8: described data concentrator sends event of failure record data I/O polling order message to described intelligent electric meter;
S9: described intelligent electric meter sends event of failure record data I/O poll response message to described data concentrator;
S10: described data concentrator sends real time data I/O polling order message to described intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is N2 hour;
S11: described intelligent electric meter adopts the mode of packet to send real time data I/O poll response message to described data concentrator;
S12: described data concentrator sends day freezing data I/O polling order message to described intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is 24 hours;
S13: described intelligent electric meter adopts the mode of packet to send day freezing data I/O poll response message to described data concentrator;
S14: described data concentrator sends moon freezing data I/O polling order message to described intelligent electric meter, and polling cycle is 1 month;
S15: described intelligent electric meter adopts the mode of packet to send moon freezing data I/O poll response message to described data concentrator;
S16: return step S3。
2. the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things according to claim 1 and monitoring method, it is characterised in that the value of N1 is the value of 5, N2 is 24。
3. the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things according to claim 1 and monitoring method, it is characterized in that, between described data concentrator and described intelligent electric meter during communication mutual to the communication mode of RS485 or power line carrier, in step s 11, data in described real time data I/O poll response message are divided into 5 groups, are respectively as follows:
1st group of data are followed successively by: the combination active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the forward active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the reverse active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, idle 1 electric energy of combination of total amount and 4 rate components, idle 2 electric energy of combination of total amount and 4 rate components, the first quartile reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, second quadrant reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the third quadrant reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the fourth quadrant reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the forward apparent electric energy of total amount and 4 rate components, the reverse apparent electric energy of total amount and 4 rate components, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the total length of the 1st group of data is 220 bytes;
2nd group of data are followed successively by: associate total electric energy, forward is gained merit the total electric energy of first-harmonic, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of first-harmonic, forward is gained merit the total electric energy of harmonic wave, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave, copper loss is gained merit total power compensation amount, iron loss is gained merit total power compensation amount, A phase energy data, B phase energy data and C phase energy data, wherein, the energy data of each phase is followed successively by: forward active energy, reverse active energy, combine idle 1 electric energy, combine idle 2 electric energy, first quartile reactive energy, second quadrant reactive energy, third quadrant reactive energy, fourth quadrant reactive energy, forward apparent electric energy, reverse apparent electric energy, association electric energy, forward is gained merit fundamental energy, reversely meritorious fundamental energy, forward is gained merit harmonic electric energy, reversely meritorious harmonic electric energy, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave, copper loss active energy compensation dosage and iron loss active energy compensation dosage, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the total length of the 2nd group of data is 232 bytes;
3rd group of data are followed successively by: A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current, total instantaneous active power, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power, total instantaneous reactive power, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power, total instantaneous apparent energy, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase, total power factor, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor and the C phase current waveform distortion factor, wherein, A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage is 2 bytes, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous apparent energy is 3 bytes, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase is 3 bytes, and total power factor is 2 bytes, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor is 2 bytes, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle is 2 bytes, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor is 2 bytes, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor, the C phase current waveform distortion factor is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 3rd group of data is 77 bytes;
4th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase voltage, 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase voltage, C phase voltage 1~21 subharmonic content, 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase current, 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase current, C phase current 1~21 subharmonic content, above-mentioned each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 4th group of data is 252 bytes;
5th group of data are followed successively by: neutral line current, mains frequency, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage, internal cell working time and current step price, wherein, neutral line current, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement is 3 bytes, mains frequency, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage is 2 bytes, internal cell working time and current step price are 4 bytes, the total length of the 5th group of data is 31 bytes。
4. the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things according to claim 1 and monitoring method, it is characterized in that, between described data concentrator and described intelligent electric meter during communication mutual to Zigbee communication mode, in step s 11, data in described real time data I/O poll response message are divided into 11 groups, are respectively as follows:
1st group of data are followed successively by: idle 2 electric energy of combination of idle 1 electric energy of combination of the combination active energy of total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and the reverse active energy of the forward active energy of 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the 1st group of total length is 100 bytes;
2nd group of data are followed successively by: the fourth quadrant reactive energy of the second quadrant reactive energy of the first quartile reactive energy of total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and the third quadrant reactive energy of 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the 2nd group has total length is 80 bytes;
3rd group of data are followed successively by: the reverse apparent electric energy of the forward apparent electric energy of total amount and 4 rate components, total amount and 4 rate components, associate total electric energy, the meritorious total electric energy of first-harmonic of forward, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of first-harmonic, the meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave of forward, the reversely meritorious total electric energy of harmonic wave, copper loss gain merit total power compensation amount and iron loss is gained merit total power compensation amount, above-mentioned each parameter is used that 4 byte floating-point formats represent, the 3rd group of total length is 68 bytes;
4th group of data are: A phase energy data, total length is 68 bytes;
5th group of data are: B phase energy data, total length is 68 bytes;
6th group of data are: C phase energy data, total length is 68 bytes;
7th group of data are followed successively by: A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current, total instantaneous active power, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power, total instantaneous reactive power, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power, total instantaneous apparent energy, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase, total power factor, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor and the C phase current waveform distortion factor, wherein, A phase voltage, B phase voltage, C phase voltage is 2 bytes, A phase current, B phase current, C phase current is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous active power, B phase instantaneous active power, C phase instantaneous active power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, A phase instantaneous reactive power, B phase instantaneous reactive power, C phase instantaneous reactive power is 3 bytes, and total instantaneous apparent energy is 3 bytes, the instantaneous apparent energy of A phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of B phase, the instantaneous apparent energy of C phase is 3 bytes, and total power factor is 2 bytes, A phase power factor, B phase power factor, C phase power factor is 2 bytes, A phase phase angle, B phase phase angle, C phase phase angle is 2 bytes, the A phase voltage shape distortion factor, the B phase voltage shape distortion factor, the C phase voltage shape distortion factor is 2 bytes, the A phase current waveform distortion factor, the B phase current waveform distortion factor, the C phase current waveform distortion factor is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 3rd group of data is 77 bytes;
8th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase voltage and 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase voltage, wherein, each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 8th group of data is 84 bytes;
9th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of C phase voltage and 1~21 subharmonic content of A phase current, each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 9th group of data is 84 bytes;
10th group of data are followed successively by: 1~21 subharmonic content of B phase current and 1~21 subharmonic content of C phase current, each harmonic component is 2 bytes, and the total length of the 10th group of data is 84 bytes;
11st group of data are followed successively by: neutral line current, mains frequency, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage, internal cell working time and current step price, wherein, neutral line current, one minute meritorious total mean power, current active demand, current reactive demand, current apparent requirement is 3 bytes, mains frequency, temperature in table, Clock battery voltage, power cut-off recording cell voltage is 2 bytes, internal cell working time and current step price are 4 bytes, the total length of the 5th group of data is 31 bytes。
5. the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things according to claim 1 and monitoring method, it is characterized in that, described failure occurrence event includes: decompression, under-voltage, overvoltage, disconnected phase, full decompression, accessory power supply dead electricity, voltage negative phase sequence, electric current negative phase sequence, Voltage unbalance, current imbalance, defluidization, crosses stream, cutout, trend reversely and overload。
6. the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things according to claim 1 and monitoring method, it is characterized in that, described event of failure record data I/O poll response message includes fault and data and fault record data occurs/terminate, wherein, described fault occurs/terminates data for the finish time that moment and fault occur of record trouble, and described fault record data is for recording the energy data change from the fault generation moment to fault finish time process。
7. the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things according to claim 6 and monitoring method, it is characterized in that, described fault generation/end data packet draws together event identifier, event generation time and event finish time, wherein, described event generation time and described event finish time all include year, month, day, hour, min and second, described event identifier is 1 byte, described event generation time and described event finish time are 6 bytes, when described event finish time is 0xFFFFFFFFFFFF, represent that event of failure not yet terminates。
8. the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things according to claim 6 and monitoring method, it is characterized in that, described fault record data is followed successively by: event identifier, forward is gained merit total electric energy increment, reversely meritorious total electric energy increment, combine idle 1 total electric energy increment, combine idle 2 total electric energy increments, A phase forward active energy increment, A is on the contrary to active energy increment, the combined idle 1 electric energy increment of A, the combined idle 2 electric energy increments of A, B phase forward active energy increment, B is on the contrary to active energy increment, the combined idle 1 electric energy increment of B, the combined idle 2 electric energy increments of B, C phase forward active energy increment, C is on the contrary to active energy increment, the combined idle 1 electric energy increment of C and the combined idle 2 electric energy increments of C, wherein, event identifier accounts for 1 byte, all the other parameters all account for 4 bytes。
9. the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things according to claim 1 and monitoring method, it is characterized in that, data in described day freezing data I/O poll response message are followed successively by: timing freeze-off time, forward active energy data are freezed in timing, reverse active energy data are freezed in timing, timing is freezed to combine idle 1 energy data, timing is freezed to combine idle 2 energy datas, first quartile reactive energy data are freezed in timing, the second quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, third quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, fourth quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, the meritorious maximum demand of forward and time of origin data are freezed in timing and reversely gain merit maximum demand and time of origin data are freezed in timing, wherein, timing freeze-off time is 5 bytes, the meritorious maximum demand of forward and time of origin data are freezed in timing, timing freezes reversely to gain merit maximum demand and time of origin data are 40 bytes, remainder data is 20 bytes, total length of data is 245 bytes;
Time between described data concentrator and described intelligent electric meter by the mutual communication of Zigbee communication mode, the data in described day freezing data I/O poll response message are divided into 3 groups, are respectively as follows:
1st group of data are followed successively by: timing freeze-off time, timing freeze forward active energy data, reverse active energy data are freezed in timing, timing freezes to combine idle 1 energy data, timing is freezed to combine idle 2 energy datas, and total length is 85 bytes;
2nd group of data are followed successively by: first quartile reactive energy data are freezed in timing, the second quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, third quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, fourth quadrant reactive energy data are freezed in timing, above-mentioned each parameter is 20 bytes, and total length is 80 bytes;
3rd group of data are followed successively by: the meritorious maximum demand of forward is freezed in timing and time of origin data timing freezes reversely gain merit maximum demand and time of origin data, and above-mentioned each parameter is 40 bytes, and total length is 80 bytes。
10. the acquiring electric energy information based on Internet of Things according to claim 1 and monitoring method, it is characterised in that the communication between described intelligent electric meter and described data concentrator adopts abstract application layer agreement, wherein:
1st byte of abstract application layer protocol massages and the 2nd byte representation intelligent electric meter address, in 3rd byte, bit7 represents that transmission direction, bit6 represent that response situation, bit5 retain, bit4-bit0 represents function type, the 4th byte and the 5th byte representation data length, and all the other bytes are data fields。
CN201610066087.1A 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 Electric energy information acquisition and monitor method on the basis of internet of things Pending CN105699761A (en)

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CN109102691A (en) * 2018-07-24 2018-12-28 宁波三星医疗电气股份有限公司 A kind of electric energy meter active report of event processing method based on chained list
CN109061262A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-21 广东电网有限责任公司 Stealing monitoring method and device
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Application publication date: 20160622