CN105690144A - Clamping device used for sheet workpieces and use method thereof - Google Patents

Clamping device used for sheet workpieces and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105690144A
CN105690144A CN201610181046.7A CN201610181046A CN105690144A CN 105690144 A CN105690144 A CN 105690144A CN 201610181046 A CN201610181046 A CN 201610181046A CN 105690144 A CN105690144 A CN 105690144A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
driving wheel
clamping
sheet
wheel parts
workpiece
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610181046.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何先进
Original Assignee
何先进
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 何先进 filed Critical 何先进
Priority to CN201610181046.7A priority Critical patent/CN105690144A/en
Publication of CN105690144A publication Critical patent/CN105690144A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B11/00Work holders not covered by any preceding group in the subclass, e.g. magnetic work holders, vacuum work holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/10Devices for clamping workpieces of a particular form or made from a particular material

Abstract

The invention provides a clamping device used for sheet workpieces and a use method thereof. The clamping device comprises a base frame (9), two drive wheel parts (700) and two clamping plates (8). The drive wheel parts (700) are symmetrically installed on the two sides of the base frame (9) in a rotatable manner. The clamping plates (8) are driven by the two drive wheel parts (700) and symmetrically arranged. Each drive wheel part (700) comprises a main shaft (79), an upper drive wheel (7) installed at the upper end of the main shaft (79), a lower drive wheel (5) installed at the lower end of the main shaft (79), and a push-pull vertical rod (71) fixedly connected between the upper drive wheel (7) and the lower drive wheel (5). The push-pull vertical rod (71) of each drive wheel part (700) is hinged to the tail end of a protruding arm (61) of a corresponding push-pull slide block (6).

Description

A kind of clamping device for sheet-like workpiece and using method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to field of fixtures, be specially a kind of clamping device for sheet-like workpiece and using method thereof。

Background technology

For, in the work step such as processing and detection of some sheet-like workpieces, generally requiring and workpiece reliably clamped。And current some clamping devices often structure is complicated, and it is difficult to the simplification requirement opening distance clamping and handling to meet different-thickness dimension workpiece strengthened。And some by chain type or belt transmission carry out large scale open the transmission of distance realize time, it tends to be difficult to applying big clamping force, it also has retardance for the response aspect of operation or has power transmission loss。

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of clamping device for sheet-like workpiece and using method thereof, it can overcome defect of the prior art。

The clamping device for sheet-like workpiece according to an aspect of the present invention, including pedestal, it is symmetrically mounted on two driving wheel parts of described pedestal both sides rotationally and is driven and symmetrically arranged two clamping plates by two driving wheel parts respectively, wherein, each described driving wheel parts all include main shaft, it is arranged on the upper driving wheel of described main shaft upper end, it is arranged on the lower driving wheel of described main shaft lower end, and it is fixedly connected on the push-and-pull vertical rod between described upper driving wheel and lower driving wheel, the described push-and-pull vertical rod of each described driving wheel parts is hinged with the end of the protruded arm of corresponding push-and-pull slide block, the main body block of described push-and-pull slide block coordinates to the slide in the corresponding clamping plate in said two clamping plate, both sides, the front and back place of each described clamping plate is provided with and can extend the guiding protrusion slided in chute in the left and right in described pedestal, extension chute in each described left and right is provided with the flexible lock tabs of two cone shaped elastic, in order to respectively the tongue of corresponding clamping plate is locked at clip position, the medial surface of each described clamping plate is provided with elastic clamping sheet, in order to engage with the corresponding side surface of held sheet-like workpiece respectively to realize clamping;Wherein, in two described driving wheel parts, the described lower driving wheel of the driving wheel parts in left side is hinged with the left end driving connecting rod, the described lower driving wheel of the driving wheel parts on right side is hinged with the right-hand member of described driving connecting rod, and is provided with the rocking handle stretched out on the upside of described pedestal on the driving wheel parts in described left side。

According on the other hand, the using method of above-mentioned clamping device, original state is that described clamping plate is in open configuration, when described sheet-like workpiece is placed in the grip orifice between two described elastic clamping sheets, manually shake described rocking handle and drive the driving wheel parts in described left side to rotate, thus, by described driving connecting rod, the driving wheel parts on described right side are driven and are rotated with the driving wheel parts in described left side in opposite directionly, so that said two clamping plate moves described sheet-like workpiece is clamped by corresponding push-and-pull slider-actuated toward each other;When needs unclamp, operate described rocking handle and rotate backward, so that the mutually liftoff motion each other of said two clamping plate, to unclamp described sheet-like workpiece。

Pass through the present invention, two driving wheel parts power are coupled by the driving connecting rod owing to being provided through the axial line crossed orientation with driving wheel, it is thus possible to transmission meets the pushing force of clamping force size, and enable to two driving wheel parts be spaced from each other certain distance and meet the needs for work-handling, namely meet the driving needs in opposite direction of clamping plate work-handling to space requirement。By connecting rod being arranged in downside (outside) place of lower driving wheel, requirement is driven it can be avoided that interfere with the main shaft of driving wheel and meet big distance, it is connected to push-and-pull vertical shaft between upper and lower driving wheel, it is possible to transmit big clamping force and enable to the power of transmission and be uniformly applied on slide block by arranging。And by arranging position, specific rod hinge connection angle, it is possible to it is easy to make the distance that two fixture blocks slide identical after manual pulley being turned an angle by clamping thrust, so that clamping is fixed neutral better。Whole apparatus structure consolidates, and uses reliable and easy to operate。

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the property the looked up overall structure schematic diagram of the clamping device of the present invention, and it intercepts cross section between upper and lower two driving wheels, and wherein, clamping plate is in open configuration。

Fig. 2 is the overlooking structural representation of the device shown in Fig. 1, and it is looked up from the downside of whole device, and wherein, clamping plate is in clamped condition。

Fig. 3 corresponds to the device of the view schematic diagram when clamping plate is in clamped condition in Fig. 1。

Fig. 4 corresponds to the device of the view schematic diagram when clamping plate is in releasing orientation in Fig. 2。

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the driving wheel in left side。

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with Fig. 1-5, the present invention is described in detail。

A kind of clamping device for sheet-like workpiece according to embodiment, including pedestal 9, it is symmetrically mounted on two driving wheel parts 700 of described pedestal 9 both sides rotationally and is driven by two driving wheel parts 700 respectively and symmetrically arranged two clamping plates 8, wherein, each described driving wheel parts 700 all include main shaft 79, it is arranged on the upper driving wheel 7 of described main shaft 79 upper end, it is arranged on the lower driving wheel 5 of described main shaft 79 lower end, and it is fixedly connected on the push-and-pull vertical rod 71 between described upper driving wheel 7 and lower driving wheel 5, the described push-and-pull vertical rod 71 of each described driving wheel parts 700 is hinged with the end of the protruded arm 61 of corresponding push-and-pull slide block 6, the main body block 62 of described push-and-pull slide block 6 is slidably matched to the chute 80 in the corresponding clamping plate 8 in said two clamping plate 8, both sides, the front and back place of each described clamping plate 8 is provided with and can extend the guiding protrusion 82 slided in chute 90 in the left and right in described pedestal 9, extension chute 90 in each described left and right is provided with the flexible lock tabs 91 of two cone shaped elastic, in order to respectively the tongue 91 of corresponding clamping plate 8 is locked at clip position, the medial surface of each described clamping plate 8 is provided with elastic clamping sheet 81, in order to engage with the corresponding side surface of held sheet-like workpiece respectively to realize clamping;Wherein, in two described driving wheel parts 700, the described lower driving wheel 5 of the driving wheel parts 700 in left side is hinged with the left end driving connecting rod 4, the described lower driving wheel 5 of the driving wheel parts 700 on right side is hinged with the right-hand member of described driving connecting rod 4, and is provided with the rocking handle 72 stretched out on the upside of described pedestal 9 on the driving wheel parts 700 in described left side。

Valuably, wherein, when two described clamping plates 8 are in open configuration away from each other, line of centres 70 between the described lower driving wheel 5 of the described driving wheel parts 700 in left side with radius 41 driving wheel 5 lower to two of driving wheel parts 700 described in said two residing for the pin joint driving connecting rod 4 is vertical, and it is positioned at the front side of described line of centres 70, the described lower driving wheel 5 of the described driving wheel parts 700 on right side is vertical with described line of centres 70 with the radius 42 residing for the pin joint driving connecting rod 4, and is positioned at the rear side of described line of centres 70。

Valuably, wherein, the quantity of the described protruded arm 61 of each described push-and-pull slide block 6 is two, is separately located at the both sides up and down of corresponding clamping plate 8。

According to embodiment, the using method of the above-mentioned clamping device for sheet-like workpiece, original state is that described clamping plate 8 is in open configuration, when described sheet-like workpiece is placed in the grip orifice 98 between two described elastic clamping sheets 81, manually shake described rocking handle 72 and drive the driving wheel parts 700 in described left side to rotate, thus, by described driving connecting rod 4, the driving wheel parts on described right side are driven and are rotated with the driving wheel parts 700 in described left side in opposite directionly, so that said two clamping plate 8 is driven by corresponding push-and-pull slide block 6 and moves toward each other described sheet-like workpiece is clamped;When needs unclamp, operate described rocking handle 72 and rotate backward, so that said two clamping plate 8 mutually liftoff motion each other, to unclamp described sheet-like workpiece。

Two driving wheel parts power are coupled by the driving connecting rod owing to being provided through the axial line crossed orientation with driving wheel, it is thus possible to transmission meets the pushing force of clamping force size, and enable to two driving wheel parts be spaced from each other certain distance and meet the needs for work-handling, namely meet the driving needs in opposite direction of clamping plate work-handling to space requirement。By connecting rod being arranged in downside (outside) place of lower driving wheel, requirement is driven it can be avoided that interfere with the main shaft of driving wheel and meet big distance, it is connected to push-and-pull vertical shaft between upper and lower driving wheel, it is possible to transmit big clamping force and enable to the power of transmission and be uniformly applied on slide block by arranging。And by arranging position, specific rod hinge connection angle, it is possible to it is easy to make the distance that two fixture blocks slide identical after manual pulley being turned an angle by clamping thrust, so that clamping is fixed neutral better。

By with upper type, those skilled in the art can make various change according to mode of operation within the scope of the invention。

Claims (4)

1. the clamping device for sheet-like workpiece, including pedestal (9), it is symmetrically mounted on two driving wheel parts (700) of described pedestal (9) both sides rotationally and is driven and symmetrically arranged two clamping plates (8) by two driving wheel parts (700) respectively, wherein, each described driving wheel parts (700) all include main shaft (79), it is arranged on the upper driving wheel (7) of described main shaft (79) upper end, it is arranged on the lower driving wheel (5) of described main shaft (79) lower end, and it is fixedly connected on the push-and-pull vertical rod (71) between described upper driving wheel (7) and lower driving wheel (5), the described push-and-pull vertical rod (71) of each described driving wheel parts (700) is hinged with the end of the protruded arm (61) of corresponding push-and-pull slide block (6), the main body block (62) of described push-and-pull slide block (6) is slidably matched to the chute (80) in the corresponding clamping plate (8) in said two clamping plate (8), both sides, the front and back place of each described clamping plate (8) is provided with and can extend guiding protrusion (82) slided in chute (90) in the left and right in described pedestal (9), each described left and right extension chute (90) is provided with the flexible lock tabs (91) of two cone shaped elastic, in order to respectively the tongue (91) of corresponding clamping plate (8) is locked at clip position, the medial surface of each described clamping plate (8) is provided with elastic clamping sheet (81), in order to engage with the corresponding side surface of held sheet-like workpiece respectively to realize clamping;Wherein, in two described driving wheel parts (700), the described lower driving wheel (5) of the driving wheel parts (700) in left side is hinged with the left end driving connecting rod (4), the described lower driving wheel (5) of the driving wheel parts (700) on right side is hinged with the right-hand member of described driving connecting rod (4), and is provided with the rocking handle (72) stretching out in described pedestal (9) upside on the driving wheel parts (700) in described left side。
2. a kind of clamping device for sheet-like workpiece as claimed in claim 1, wherein, when two described clamping plates (8) are in open configuration away from each other, line of centres (70) between the described lower driving wheel (5) of the described driving wheel parts (700) in left side with radius (41) and two the lower driving wheels (5) of driving wheel parts (700) described in said two residing for the pin joint driving connecting rod (4) is vertical, and it is positioned at the front side of described line of centres (70), the described lower driving wheel (5) of the described driving wheel parts (700) on right side is vertical with described line of centres (70) with the radius (42) residing for the pin joint driving connecting rod (4), and it is positioned at the rear side of described line of centres (70)。
3. a kind of clamping device for sheet-like workpiece as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein, the quantity of the described protruded arm (61) of each described push-and-pull slide block (6) is two, is separately located at the both sides up and down of corresponding clamping plate (8)。
4. the using method of a kind of clamping device for sheet-like workpiece as described in any one of the claims, original state is that described clamping plate (8) is in open configuration, when described sheet-like workpiece is placed in the grip orifice (98) between two described elastic clamping sheets (81), manually shake described rocking handle (72) and drive the driving wheel parts (700) in described left side to rotate, thus, by described driving connecting rod (4), the driving wheel parts on described right side are driven and are rotated with the driving wheel parts (700) in described left side in opposite directionly, so that said two clamping plate (8) is driven by corresponding push-and-pull slide block (6) and moves toward each other described sheet-like workpiece is clamped;When needs unclamp, operate described rocking handle (72) and rotate backward, so that said two clamping plate (8) mutually liftoff motion each other, to unclamp described sheet-like workpiece。
CN201610181046.7A 2016-03-28 2016-03-28 Clamping device used for sheet workpieces and use method thereof CN105690144A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610181046.7A CN105690144A (en) 2016-03-28 2016-03-28 Clamping device used for sheet workpieces and use method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610181046.7A CN105690144A (en) 2016-03-28 2016-03-28 Clamping device used for sheet workpieces and use method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105690144A true CN105690144A (en) 2016-06-22

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4138099A (en) * 1978-04-17 1979-02-06 Englehart Clem C Materials handling device
GB2366621A (en) * 2000-09-12 2002-03-13 Brian Ellison Freeland Adjustable mitre cutting apparatus
CN201760775U (en) * 2010-08-03 2011-03-16 河南中原吉凯恩气缸套有限公司 Automatic centering clamping device of numerical control double-shaft boring machine
CN103538075A (en) * 2013-09-13 2014-01-29 常州市盈顺电子有限公司 Mechanical gripper
CN105108766A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-02 广西大学 Clamping type manipulator

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4138099A (en) * 1978-04-17 1979-02-06 Englehart Clem C Materials handling device
GB2366621A (en) * 2000-09-12 2002-03-13 Brian Ellison Freeland Adjustable mitre cutting apparatus
CN201760775U (en) * 2010-08-03 2011-03-16 河南中原吉凯恩气缸套有限公司 Automatic centering clamping device of numerical control double-shaft boring machine
CN103538075A (en) * 2013-09-13 2014-01-29 常州市盈顺电子有限公司 Mechanical gripper
CN105108766A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-02 广西大学 Clamping type manipulator

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
梁海峰: "《机械分析与应用》", 31 January 2014 *
黄平: "《常用机械零件及机构图册》", 30 September 1999 *

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Application publication date: 20160622