CN105688548A - Purifier for smoke of biomass stove - Google Patents

Purifier for smoke of biomass stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105688548A
CN105688548A CN201610062326.6A CN201610062326A CN105688548A CN 105688548 A CN105688548 A CN 105688548A CN 201610062326 A CN201610062326 A CN 201610062326A CN 105688548 A CN105688548 A CN 105688548A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
smoke
water tank
dust
biomass stove
dust water
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610062326.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王毅
甄宝中
张全国
李亚猛
荆艳艳
Original Assignee
河南农业大学
东莞恒净新能源科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 河南农业大学, 东莞恒净新能源科技有限公司 filed Critical 河南农业大学
Priority to CN201610062326.6A priority Critical patent/CN105688548A/en
Publication of CN105688548A publication Critical patent/CN105688548A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/02Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent by passing the gas or air or vapour over or through a liquid bath
    • B01D47/021Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent by passing the gas or air or vapour over or through a liquid bath by bubbling the gas through a liquid bath
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/06Spray cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/004Combinations of devices relating to groups B01D45/00 and B01D47/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • F23J15/04Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material using washing fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J2217/00Intercepting solids
    • F23J2217/50Intercepting solids by cleaning fluids (washers or scrubbers)

Abstract

The invention discloses a purifier for smoke of a biomass stove. The purifier comprises a draught fan, a smoke entering pipe, a dust-collecting water tank and a smoke exhaust pipe, wherein an inlet of the smoke entering pipe is connected with a smoke outlet of the biomass stove through the draught fan; an outlet of the smoke entering pipe is communicated with the dust-collecting water tank; the outlet of the smoke entering pipe is formed under the liquid level of the purified water in the dust-collecting water tank; the inlet of the smoke exhaust pipe is communicated with the dust-collecting water tank; a dehydration protecting cap is arranged at the top end of the smoke exhaust pipe; an opening on the lower part of the dust-collecting water tank is connected with a circulating pump through a first pipeline; the circulating pump is connected with a spray header arranged on the upper part in the smoke exhaust pipe through a second pipeline. The purifier provided by the invention can be used for causing the smoke of the biomass stove reach the smoke-less, dust-less and flavor-less indoor emission standard, has the advantages of high efficiency, energy-saving effect, application and simple operation, has ultrahigh popularizing and practical value, and can bring excellent economic benefit and environmental protection benefit after being widely popularized and applied.

Description

Biomass stove fume purifier

Technical field

The present invention relates to smoke purifying equipment technical field, particularly relate to a kind of biomass stove fume purifier。

Background technology

At present, biomass granule fuel is the regenerative resource of cleaning, act as indispensable role in economic development and Working Life。In recent years along with the deterioration of environment, Environmental is administered and the popularization and application dynamics of biomass granule fuel is also continuing to increase, and biomass granule fuel has evolved to all trades and professions the application of succeeding as biomass large stove fuel。But, the clarifying smoke problem of biological particles large stove never receives the concern of people, and most biomass large stove flue dust or directly discharge, only minority adds simple fume purifier, but result of use is all undesirable。

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of efficient biomass stove fume purifier, the flue dust of biomass stove can be made to reach smokeless, dustless, tasteless indoor discharge standard。

The technical solution used in the present invention is: biomass stove fume purifier, including air-introduced machine, smoke-intake pipe, dust water tank and smoke exhaust pipe, the entrance of smoke-intake pipe for connecting the exhaust opening of biomass stove by air-introduced machine, the outlet of smoke-intake pipe connects with dust water tank, and the outlet of smoke-intake pipe is arranged in dust water tank below the liquid level of scrubbing water;The entrance of smoke exhaust pipe connects with dust water tank;The top of smoke exhaust pipe is provided with dehydration head protector;The opening being arranged on dust water tank bottom is connected with circulating pump by the first pipeline, and circulating pump is by second pipe and the spray head connection being arranged on smoke exhaust pipe internal upper part。

The port of export of described smoke-intake pipe is arranged with shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover, and the lower surface of shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover is arranged in dust water tank below the liquid level of scrubbing water, and 6-12mm higher than the lower surface of the outlet of smoke-intake pipe。

The side surface upper part of described dust water tank is provided with overfall, and the bottom of overfall mixes the lower surface of cover and is positioned at same level with shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt。

Being vertically provided with fluid-tight plate on the top inwall of described dust water tank, the bottom of described fluid-tight plate is higher than the liquid level of scrubbing water in dust water tank。

The filtrating smoke dust net for preventing smoke contamination circulating pump it is provided with in described dust water tank。

Described dust water tank bottom is provided with blowoff valve。

The outlet of described smoke-intake pipe is arranged in dust water tank 80-110mm place below the liquid level of scrubbing water。

The present invention first will purify in the scrubbing water in flue dust suction dust water tank, the flue dust entering smoke exhaust pipe is deposited in dust water tank under the effect of spray head, remaining a small amount of gas carries water vapour to be continued to rise along smoke exhaust pipe, under the stop of dehydration head protector, most steam cohesions in uprising gas, again return in dust water tank, sufficiently cleaned up through this process ground, the present invention can make the flue dust of biomass stove reach smokelessly, dustless, tasteless indoor discharge standard, have efficiently, energy-conservation, it is suitable for grade simple to operate a little, have and well promote and practical value, good economic benefit and environmental benefit can be produced widely after popularization and application。In the present invention, Mini-type spiral spray head, by conical for scrubbing water vaporific ejection, the absorption to flue dust can be conducive to。

In the present invention, the setting of shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover and position thereof, can guarantee that flue dust can be sufficiently mixed in shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover。

The setting of overfall in the present invention, can effectively solve owing to smoke-intake pipe and shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mix cover that to enter the liquid level of scrubbing water too deep, and causes the situation that flue gas cannot discharge。

In the present invention, the setting of fluid-tight plate and position thereof, can guarantee that the flue dust covering out from the mixing of shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt is not discharged dust water tank。

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention。

Detailed description of the invention

As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes air-introduced machine, smoke-intake pipe 2, dust water tank 3 and smoke exhaust pipe 4, the entrance of smoke-intake pipe 2 for connecting the exhaust opening of biomass stove by air-introduced machine, the outlet of smoke-intake pipe 2 connects with dust water tank 3, and the outlet of smoke-intake pipe 2 is arranged in dust water tank 3 80-110mm place below the liquid level of scrubbing water;The entrance of dust water tank 3 smoke exhaust pipe 4 connects with dust water tank 3;The top of smoke exhaust pipe 4 is provided with dehydration head protector 5;The opening being arranged on dust water tank 3 bottom is connected with circulating pump 7 by the first pipeline 6, and circulating pump 7 is by second pipe 8 and the spray head connection being arranged on smoke exhaust pipe 4 internal upper part。In the present embodiment, the outlet of smoke-intake pipe 2 is arranged in dust water tank 3 100mm place below the liquid level of scrubbing water, air-introduced machine adopts high temperature draught fan 1, circulating pump 7 adopts miniature circulating pump 7, spray head adopts Mini-type spiral spray head 9, by conical for scrubbing water vaporific ejection, the absorption to flue dust can be conducive to。

The port of export of described smoke-intake pipe 2 is arranged with shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover 10, and the lower surface of shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover 10 is arranged in dust water tank 3 below the liquid level of scrubbing water, and 6-12mm higher than the lower surface of the outlet of smoke-intake pipe 2。The setting of shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover 10 and position thereof, can guarantee that flue dust can mixing in shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover 10。

The side surface upper part of described dust water tank 3 is provided with overfall 11, and the bottom of overfall 11 mixes the lower surface of cover 10 and is positioned at same level with shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt。The setting of overfall 11 in the present invention, the liquid level that can effectively solve to mix cover 10 entrance scrubbing waters due to smoke-intake pipe 2 and shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt is too deep, and causes the situation that flue gas cannot discharge。

Being vertically provided with fluid-tight plate 12 on the top inwall of described dust water tank 3, the bottom of described fluid-tight plate 12 is higher than the liquid level of scrubbing water in dust water tank 3。In the present invention, the setting of fluid-tight plate 12 and position thereof, can guarantee that and be not discharged dust water tank 3 from shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover 10 flue dust out。

The filtrating smoke dust net 13 for preventing smoke contamination circulating pump 7 it is provided with in described dust water tank 3。

The blowoff valve 14 being convenient to clean sewage bottom dust water tank 3 it is provided with bottom described dust water tank 3。

In the present invention, for ensureing that flue dust can be fully contacted with cone water smoke in smoke exhaust pipe 4, Mini-type spiral spray head 9 installation needs certain altitude, this height and miniature circulating pump head and flow, and the pressure of Mini-type spiral spray head 9 and spray angle have substantial connection。In the present embodiment, high temperature draught fan 1 model adopted is CYG100H, its static pressure is 380Pa, the then lower surface 10mm higher than the lower surface of the outlet of smoke-intake pipe 2 of shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover 10, smoke-intake pipe 2 gos deep into 100mm in dust water tank 3, the height of fluid-tight plate 12 is 110mm, and the distance on overfall 11 bottom and dust water tank 3 top is 82mm。In the present embodiment, employing voltage is 12V, and lift is 4 meters, and flow is the miniature water circulating pump of 4L/min, and miniature spray head is 3/8NPT, pressure position 0.7Kg, and spray angle is 120 degree, then Mini-type spiral spray head 9 is arranged on the position from dust water tank 3 top 1200mm。

The operation principle of the present invention is as follows:

The flue dust of biomass stove under the effect of high temperature draught fan 1 through the entrance of smoke-intake pipe 2, enter in the scrubbing water in dust water tank 3, most flue dust is purified in the process, non-purified flue dust again contacts mixing with the blister heaved in shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover 10, part flue dust is made to be purified, flue dust from shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover 10 discharge after, under the barrier effect of fluid-tight plate 12, the liquid level being close to scrubbing water in dust water tank 3 enters in smoke exhaust pipe 4, in the process, owing to being subject to the effect of self gravitation (containing steam), part flue dust is deposited in dust water tank 3, remaining flue dust enters smoke exhaust pipe 4。Simultaneously, scrubbing water in dust water tank 3 is elevated under the swabbing action of miniature circulating pump 7, and then through the conical vaporific ejection of Mini-type spiral spray head 9, remaining flue dust is adsorbed by cone water smoke in smoke exhaust pipe 4, and then it is deposited in dust water tank 3, remaining a small amount of gas carries water vapour to be continued to rise along smoke exhaust pipe 4, under the stop of dehydration head protector 5, most steam cohesions in uprising gas, again returning in dust water tank 3, smokeless, dustless, the tasteless gas after sufficiently cleaned up can be directly discharged into air。

Above example is only in order to illustrative not limiting technical scheme, although the present invention being described in detail with reference to above-described embodiment, it will be understood by those within the art that: still the present invention can be modified or equivalent replacement, without deviating from any modification or partial replacement of the spirit and scope of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of scope of the presently claimed invention。

Claims (7)

1. biomass stove fume purifier, it is characterized in that: include air-introduced machine, smoke-intake pipe, dust water tank and smoke exhaust pipe, the entrance of smoke-intake pipe for connecting the exhaust opening of biomass stove by air-introduced machine, the outlet of smoke-intake pipe connects with dust water tank, and the outlet of smoke-intake pipe is arranged in dust water tank below the liquid level of scrubbing water;The entrance of smoke exhaust pipe connects with dust water tank;The top of smoke exhaust pipe is provided with dehydration head protector;The opening being arranged on dust water tank bottom is connected with circulating pump by the first pipeline, and circulating pump is by second pipe and the spray head connection being arranged on smoke exhaust pipe internal upper part。
2. biomass stove fume purifier according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the port of export of described smoke-intake pipe is arranged with shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover, the lower surface of shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt mixing cover is arranged in dust water tank below the liquid level of scrubbing water, and 6-12mm higher than the lower surface of the outlet of smoke-intake pipe。
3. biomass stove fume purifier according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the side surface upper part of described dust water tank is provided with overfall, and the bottom of overfall mixes the lower surface of cover and is positioned at same level with shredded tobacco for water pipes dirt。
4. the biomass stove fume purifier according to claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterised in that: being vertically provided with fluid-tight plate on the top inwall of described dust water tank, the bottom of described fluid-tight plate is higher than the liquid level of scrubbing water in dust water tank。
5. biomass stove fume purifier according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: it is provided with the filtrating smoke dust net for preventing smoke contamination circulating pump in described dust water tank。
6. biomass stove fume purifier according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described dust water tank bottom is provided with blowoff valve。
7. biomass stove fume purifier according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the outlet of described smoke-intake pipe is arranged in dust water tank 80-110mm place below the liquid level of scrubbing water。
CN201610062326.6A 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 Purifier for smoke of biomass stove CN105688548A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610062326.6A CN105688548A (en) 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 Purifier for smoke of biomass stove

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610062326.6A CN105688548A (en) 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 Purifier for smoke of biomass stove

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105688548A true CN105688548A (en) 2016-06-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610062326.6A CN105688548A (en) 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 Purifier for smoke of biomass stove

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105688548A (en)

Citations (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2621798Y (en) * 2003-06-04 2004-06-30 刘天水 Liquid state three-separation filtering duster
CN2687540Y (en) * 2004-03-27 2005-03-23 株洲市吉祥园林绿化工程有限公司 Oil-fume purifying machine for food and beverage trade
CN1730139A (en) * 2005-07-11 2006-02-08 张维财 Water-bath type dust cleaner
CN1745880A (en) * 2005-08-15 2006-03-15 周宗云 Low-consumption and high-efficient smoke purifying system with desulfuring, deoiling, dust-proof and dust-collecting functions
CN200991632Y (en) * 2006-12-28 2007-12-19 王明义 Smoke-return type sprinkling dust-control apparatus
CN201192613Y (en) * 2008-05-22 2009-02-11 谭玲 Vibratory water-bath dust removing apparatus
CN101502733A (en) * 2009-02-13 2009-08-12 无锡市雪江环境工程设备有限公司 Spraying and dust-removing system
CN202516440U (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-11-07 智胜化工股份有限公司 Settlement-free scrubber tower dust removal structure
CN203389494U (en) * 2013-08-02 2014-01-15 湖南金中环保设备股份有限公司 Composite wet-type flue dust collector
CN104415625A (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-03-18 王新展 Efficient dust-removing desulfuration filter
CN104606986A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-05-13 无锡市南长区科技创业服务中心 A washing type flue dust collector having a high dust collection efficiency
CN204320042U (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-05-13 自贡天龙化工有限公司 Exhaust treatment system produced by rubber chemicals
CN204601973U (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-09-02 贵州龙里创奇装备制造有限公司 A kind of Novel wet-type desulphurization dust removal device
CN104959007A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-10-07 国惠环保新能源有限公司 Multi-tube water surface self-shock-wave gas purifying device and multi-tube water surface self-shock-wave gas purifying method
CN204745953U (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-11-11 山东鲁新设计工程有限公司 Tail gas absorbing device
CN204768009U (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-11-18 江苏奇乐娃实业有限公司 Biomass fuel furnace exhaust gas purification device of spraying plastics oven
CN105169850A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-12-23 周海旭 Smoke dust purification method and device for realizing the same

Patent Citations (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2621798Y (en) * 2003-06-04 2004-06-30 刘天水 Liquid state three-separation filtering duster
CN2687540Y (en) * 2004-03-27 2005-03-23 株洲市吉祥园林绿化工程有限公司 Oil-fume purifying machine for food and beverage trade
CN1730139A (en) * 2005-07-11 2006-02-08 张维财 Water-bath type dust cleaner
CN1745880A (en) * 2005-08-15 2006-03-15 周宗云 Low-consumption and high-efficient smoke purifying system with desulfuring, deoiling, dust-proof and dust-collecting functions
CN200991632Y (en) * 2006-12-28 2007-12-19 王明义 Smoke-return type sprinkling dust-control apparatus
CN201192613Y (en) * 2008-05-22 2009-02-11 谭玲 Vibratory water-bath dust removing apparatus
CN101502733A (en) * 2009-02-13 2009-08-12 无锡市雪江环境工程设备有限公司 Spraying and dust-removing system
CN202516440U (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-11-07 智胜化工股份有限公司 Settlement-free scrubber tower dust removal structure
CN203389494U (en) * 2013-08-02 2014-01-15 湖南金中环保设备股份有限公司 Composite wet-type flue dust collector
CN104415625A (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-03-18 王新展 Efficient dust-removing desulfuration filter
CN204601973U (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-09-02 贵州龙里创奇装备制造有限公司 A kind of Novel wet-type desulphurization dust removal device
CN204320042U (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-05-13 自贡天龙化工有限公司 Exhaust treatment system produced by rubber chemicals
CN104606986A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-05-13 无锡市南长区科技创业服务中心 A washing type flue dust collector having a high dust collection efficiency
CN204745953U (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-11-11 山东鲁新设计工程有限公司 Tail gas absorbing device
CN204768009U (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-11-18 江苏奇乐娃实业有限公司 Biomass fuel furnace exhaust gas purification device of spraying plastics oven
CN104959007A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-10-07 国惠环保新能源有限公司 Multi-tube water surface self-shock-wave gas purifying device and multi-tube water surface self-shock-wave gas purifying method
CN105169850A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-12-23 周海旭 Smoke dust purification method and device for realizing the same

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Application publication date: 20160622