CN105684868B - A kind of hydroponic plant wall method for planting and device - Google Patents

A kind of hydroponic plant wall method for planting and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105684868B
CN105684868B CN201610081687.5A CN201610081687A CN105684868B CN 105684868 B CN105684868 B CN 105684868B CN 201610081687 A CN201610081687 A CN 201610081687A CN 105684868 B CN105684868 B CN 105684868B
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China
Prior art keywords
plant
sink
water
root
planting
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CN201610081687.5A
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CN105684868A (en
Inventor
杨士嘉
杨始怀
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Guangzhou Jingrun Garden Greening Co Ltd
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Guangzhou Jingrun Garden Greening Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • A01G31/06Hydroponic culture on racks or in stacked containers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of hydroponic plant wall method for planting and devices, including are transplanted using molding water planting plant;Hydroponic plant is planted using sizing field planting basket for plant;Progress plant is cultivated to form hydroponic plant wall after carrying out absorption cleaning to the water of the circulatory system by the hydroponic plant wall device of the exhaust system with sink, recirculated water.The present invention can combine plantation using sizing field planting basket for plant for different cultivars plant on sink, the water of fish jar or fishpond is extracted at the top of plant walls by water pump, next stage is flowed to naturally after the water level of every grade of sink to gap position, it then flows back after the water of lowermost level sink to gap position fish jar or fishpond, forms water circulation.Air cleaning, clean plantation, ecological, environmental protective can be achieved in the present invention, improves quality of the life, modularized production is operated conveniently and conserved and is simple, practical.

Description

A kind of hydroponic plant wall method for planting and device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of indoor growing device, especially a kind of indoor hydroponic plant wall method for planting and device.
Background technique
As the improvement of people's living standards, people also increasingly focus on the living environment of oneself, in addition to environment Beauty is put forward higher requirements, and also to indoor air etc., higher requirements are also raised, therefore houseplant applies and gives birth to, existing Some indoor growings, all phytomass is small, landscaping effect is single, air purification effect is poor using potting, to cause to put, and takes up an area Area is big, therefore can not form scale.Have plant walls launch in recent years, establishes some technical methods, devise Some matched containers or device, but mostly be using earth culture transplant, the corollary apparatus of the method is more complicated, practicability compared with Difference, it is difficult to form commercialization or commercialized degree is low.And earth culture planting is used, management difficulty is big, is easy to appear secondary dirt Dye breeds mosquito etc..
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the shortcomings of existing indoor growing, provide that a kind of plant life power is strong, in clean room Air excellent effect, the growth conditions for not only having improved plant but also the hydroponic plant wall method for planting for effectively improving living environment and Device.
In order to achieve the above object, a kind of hydroponic plant wall plant feed unit of the present invention, including dress can be fixed at least two layers Be placed on wall or plant cultivation trough that the sink put by least one level that is fixed on support frame forms, be installed on it is each It is used to place and fix the field planting basket of plant, the water inlet pipe connecting with each sink, overflow pipe, downcomer, height in sink opening Press flushing pipe, each sink by hook is fixed on wall or is fixed on support frame, sink by plastics integrated injection molding at Type or stainless steel or iron plate compression moulding, the water inlet pipe are to follow in the sink for be transported to top by pump sump for supplementing Ring water, the overflow pipe is mounted in the bottom of each sink, and each overflow pipe divides according to the odevity of layer position where each sink Left or right side is not located in so that the water in each sink all forms the recirculated water for flowing or flowing from left to right from right to left, is overflow The opening of water pipe is located in each sink at 1/2 to 3/4 height, and the outlet of overflow pipe stretches out the bottom of gullet and injects next stage water The overthe openings of slot, when sink moisturizing, when water level is more than gap position, water flows to next stage sink along spilling water tube opening, Then direct outlet or external fish jar or fishpond, the high pressure washing pipe are flowed back into after the water of lowermost layer sink to gap position External feed pipe is connected, the side of cultivation bed is installed on, enters from each sink top and leads directly to each bottom of gullet, and against each sink Bottom surface, using the water flow pressure of feed pipe, by the root system of plant in each sink because rubbish caused by metabolism is flushed to separately Outer side is drained down and outward by the downcomer level-one grade of each sink.The downcomer is placed in inside each sink, position In the other side of high pressure washing pipe, the bottom of sink is occupied, downcomer is connect with valve with next stage sink, general when Open valve Water discharges next stage, successively walks downward, the downcomer of lowermost layer sink is connect with outer drainpipe, will discharge the direct outlet of water, directly Until rinsing well.
Preferably, hydroponic plant wall plant feed unit of the present invention further includes having filter, fish jar or fishpond, the mistake Filter pocket is placed in above fish jar or fishpond, is connected the overflow pipe discharge outlet of most bottom level-one sink, is passed through filter material mistake in lautertuns Water after filter flows back into fish jar or the fishpond supported and have fish.
Preferably, above-mentioned lautertuns is set there are four filter grid, wherein the one the second filter grid bottom connections, the second third mistake The connection of filter grid top, the connection of the 3rd the 4th filter grid bottom, the filtering material being filled in each lautertuns are respectively filter cotton, pottery Ceramic ring, biochemical cotton, active carbon and biochemical cotton filter material, filter and adsorb the impurity in water using filter material, improve water Cleanliness.
Preferably, little for sink spacing, and the feature that sink side is exposed, above-mentioned each plant cultivation trough can be opening The unidirectional sink of single scarf tilted down from inside to outside, the bevel angle of the unidirectional sink are 30-70 degree, and the unidirectional sink Back veneer be equipped with the mounting plate with mounting hole that sink can be fixed on wall.And for one that office or needs separate A little spaces, above-mentioned each plant cultivation trough may be opening by center to two outside inclined two-way water of double inclined plane shape separately down Slot, the bevel angle of the two-way sink are 30-70 degree, and are equipped among the top of the two-way sink sink can be fixed on to support Installation part on frame, the bottom both ends of the two-way sink are equipped with the connector that can be fixed on bottom of gullet on support frame.To Make the present invention after the plant for laying out plant indigo plant, plant can up grow, while can cover sink outer walls again, ensure plant walls Globality.
The present invention also provides a kind of hydroponic plant wall method for planting, comprising the following steps:
(1) the earth culture molding plant for selecting well-grown, plant type grace, no disease and pests harm is selected to plant as stand-by water planting Object;
(2) earth culture plant is switched to by hydroponic plant by root system method for inducing and cultivating, it is special according to different plant growths at this time Point and Root Characters, are respectively adopted following two method: (21) use xylophyta and cut root induction cultural method entirely, first Suitable earth culture potted plant is screened, whole soil of plant is sloughed, cuts off whole root systems, but be unable to Jian Shang stem, by plant Remaining soil washes with water completely, and plant is placed in sterilization pool, is sterilized 15 minutes with fungicide, and it is cool to be placed into the progress of airing platform It is 2 hours dry, the plant of airing is placed in taking root liquid pool and impregnates basal part of stem 30 minutes, is then placed into airing platform airing 20- 28 hours are fixed on plant in field planting basket when can't see water mark to stem, and being placed in induction bed makes plant basal part of stem Water surface root induction is contacted, is grown by 10-14 days new roots, formed complete aquatic root system by 25-35 days;
(22) root induction cultural method is cut using part for nonwood plant: screens suitable earth culture potting first and plants Object removes whole soil of plant, cuts off old root, weak, undesirable root, retains healthy and strong root, by whole plant wash with water completely, Plant is placed in sterilization pool, is sterilized 15 minutes with fungicide, is placed into airing platform and carries out airing 2 hours, the plant of airing is placed in It takes root and impregnates basal part of stem 30 minutes in liquid pool, airing platform airing is then placed into 10-15 hours, when can't see small water droplet to root Plant is fixed in field planting basket again, being placed in induction bed made plant root contact water surface root induction, by 10-20 days Complete aquatic root system is formed afterwards;
(3) there is the hydroponic plant of complete aquatic root system to be put into each sink the formation cultivated in field planting basket to be formed Hydroponic plant wall.
Hydroponic plant wall method for planting and device of the present invention are a kind of novel plant walls cultivation techniques.Utilize water Ornamental plant is used for three-dimensional plant and watched by training technology, by matched water circulation facility, by hydroponic plant, fish, water and air It is connected, formation can purify air but also purify water, and the green that can beautify the environment and improve indoor comfort degree is small Ecology.Have the characteristics that it is convenient for management, clean, graceful, be easy to conserve, integrate and admire the beauty of flowers, see root, breed fish, it is deep to be liked by people Love.
The present invention has the following advantages that compared with prior art and effect:
1. the hydroponic plant that the present invention uses is soilless cultivation, that is, does not have to soil or matrix is cultivated, be both not easy to breed Pest and disease damage, but it is sanitation and hygiene, without secondary pollution.
2. being easy feasible: hydroponic plant does not have to soil and is cultivated, without understanding the technology of plant watering, as long as usually connecing Upper power switch, allows water to recycle, so that it may which it is loaded down with trivial details to eliminate earth culture management, and is easily understood for the growth for guaranteeing plant.
3. ecological, environmental protective, the present invention combines plantation hydroponic plant on sink, and the water of fish jar or fishpond is extracted into plant by water pump Object wall top portion, flows to next stage after the water level to gap position of every grade of sink naturally, the water of lowermost level sink to gap position It postpones, flow back fish jar or fishpond, forms water circulation.Plant and fish on wall, which are formed by water for tie, links, and the water breeded fish follows Ring is absorbed and utilized to plant root by plant roots, this process water can be purified, and mitigates the eutrophication of water body;Due to Water body can circulate, and increase water oxygen amount, promote microorganism and oxidation in water, to also improve its self-purification capacity, protect Running water state is held, so that plant, fish, air and water is formed small ecology and brings out the best in each other, not only improved the growth conditions of fish and plant, but also change It has been apt to living environment.
4. the present invention can be directed to different demands, it is formed field planting basket using different model, by planting in field planting basket, Then field planting basket is placed on the sink of dimension, plantation can be freely combined in different cultivars plant, replace at any time.
5. the present invention can be opened as needed field planting basket bottom using different model field planting basket for different demands Hole, root system of plant pass through bottom, stretch out field planting basket, are then consolidated plant with haydite or the blue materials such as stone or cobble inside field planting basket It is fixed, planting in field planting basket, then field planting basket is placed on the sink of dimension, different cultivars plant can be free Combination plantation, is replaced at any time.
6. water circulation of the invention is transported in the sink of top by pump sump, the position of water inlet and overflow pipe point It is not placed in the left and right sides of sink, forms left and right or reversed flowing after allowing water to enter sink, when sink moisturizing, water level is more than to overflow When the position of the mouth of a river, water flows to next stage sink along overflow pipe, and each overflow pipe is respectively positioned at one according to layer position where sink The other side of layer gutter spill position, the rest may be inferred by analogy, flows or flows from left to right from right to left so that the water in each sink is all formed Dynamic, then flow back after the water to gap position of lowermost level sink fish jar or fishpond form complete water circulation.
7. the present invention can accept most bottom level-one gutter spill pipe row by the lautertuns being placed in above fish jar or fishpond Water filtration, purification is ensured the healthy growth of plant and fish by filter material in slot to keep clean water quality by water.
8. the lautertuns that the present invention is placed in above fish jar or fishpond be it is movable, be conveniently easy to split out cleaning.
9. apparatus of the present invention are to recycle with water, can save water.
10. apparatus of the present invention hydroponic plant can be with long term growth since hydroponic plant vitality is strong, and replaces and hold Easily, so it is at low cost.
11. apparatus of the present invention modularized production hydroponic plant, from the sieve bore on the water bed of production base, field planting basket Size with the opening of sink be all it is consistent, matched, the plant in field planting basket can optionally be placed in the sink of dimension On, plantation can be freely combined in different cultivars plant, or replaces position at any time, can also be with the plant of different colours according to client It needs to risk pattern, facilitates operation, practical.
12. the present invention is little for sink spacing, and the feature that sink side is exposed, sink is open two side bevelings, Inclined-plane and the inside side wall (or two-sided middle line) form 30-70 ° of angle, and after the plant for laying out plant indigo plant, plant can up grow, Sink outer walls can be covered again simultaneously, ensure the globality of plant walls.
13. the present invention can select two-sided plant walls for office or some spaces for needing to separate.
It, can be for leaving plant growth and new old in sink 14. each sink of the present invention all installs high pressure washing pipe Sundries caused by being metabolized is rinsed, and when plant growth, branches and leaves interweave each other, health when forming whole green wall, in sink It is difficult to clear up, the present invention, which can open high pressure washing pipe, allows water flow that sundries is washed into the other side from the side of sink, by this The downcomer of side discharges down, until draining outward, it is ensured that the cleaning in sink.
15. aquatic property root system induction can carry out in product container simultaneously with culture in cultural method of the present invention, It can be not required to otherwise processed, shorten product cultivation cycle, save time and cost.
16. the present invention carries out the culture and induction of aquatic property root system for different root system of plant characteristics, inductivity is improved, Ensure plant quality.
17. the present invention induces aquatic property root system induction and culture due to carrying out using induction bed, also have the characteristics that: A, plant inducing effect is good, since induction bed plumbing is easy, can change water at any time, and space is big, water oxygen content is high, is conducive to root The induction of system promotes root system that can comparatively fast grow;B, plant growth is healthy and strong, and due to the limitation of not receptor size, root growth relaxes Exhibition, root system appreciation effect is good, and bed is induced to can be adjusted according to the needs the height of water level, provides optimum level of water for root growth, Ensure that plant growth is healthy and strong;C, utilization of area rate is high, and field planting basket directly puts sieve, and the influence of receptor size, does not put Density can be bigger, and place utilization rate is higher;D, production management efficiency is high, reduces production cost.It is every due to reducing in production One plant of plant puts into container and the process individually handled to each basin plant, while to the rotten root of growing process, rotten Root and plant sanitation and hygiene, can unify efficient process, save the investment of man power and material.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structure composition schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the overflow pipe and drainage pipe structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 3 is side schematic view of the field planting basket of the embodiment of the present invention 1 in conjunction with sink.
Fig. 4 is the high pressure water pipe structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 5 is that the high-pressure washing water of the embodiment of the present invention 1 flows away to figure.
Fig. 6 is the filtering slot structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 7 is the diagrammatic cross-section of the field planting basket of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram when field planting basket of the embodiment of the present invention 1 uses.
Fig. 9 is the structure composition schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Figure 10 is the partial enlargement diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Figure 11 is the diagrammatic cross-section of the two-sided sink of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Figure 12 is the two-sided sink schematic top plan view of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Figure 13 is the two-sided gutter spill pipe and drainage pipe structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Figure 14 is the two-sided sink high pressure water pipe schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Figure 15 is side schematic view of the field planting basket of the embodiment of the present invention 2 in conjunction with two-sided sink.
Figure 16 is the structural schematic diagram of present invention induction bed.
[main component symbol description]
1. hydroponic plant wall
11. sink
111. mounting plate
112. installation part
113. connector
12. overflow pipe
13. high pressure washing pipe
14. lautertuns
15. fish jar or fishpond
16. water pump
17. downcomer
18. water inlet pipe
2. field planting basket
21. water planting plant
3. support frame
4. inducing bed.
Specific embodiment
A kind of 1 plant feed unit of hydroponic plant wall of the present invention, including can fix at least two layers be installed on wall or It is fixed on plant cultivation trough that the sink 11 put by least one level on support frame forms, is installed in each sink opening For place and fix the field planting basket 2 of water planting plant 21, the water inlet pipe 18 being connect with each sink, overflow pipe 12, downcomer 17, High pressure washing pipe 13, each sink 11 are fixed on wall or are fixed on support frame 3 by hook, and sink 11 is by plastics one Body injection molding or stainless steel or iron plate compression moulding, the water inlet pipe 18 are to be absorbed water to be transported to the sink of top by water pump 16 For supplementing recirculated water in 11, the overflow pipe 12 is mounted in the bottom of each sink 11, and each overflow pipe 12 is according to each sink The odevity at 11 places layer position and be respectively positioned at left or right side so that the water in each sink 11 is all formed and flowed from left to right Or the recirculated water flowed from right to left, the opening of overflow pipe 12 are located in each sink 11 at 1/2 to 3/4 height, overflow pipe 12 Outlet stretch out 11 bottom of sink inject next stage sink 11 overthe openings, when 11 moisturizing of sink water level be more than gap When position, water is open along overflow pipe 12 and flows to next stage sink 11, then straight after the water to gap position of lowermost layer sink 11 It connects outlet or flows back into external fish jar or fishpond 15, the high pressure washing pipe 13 connects external feed pipe, is installed on cultivation bed Side, enter at the top of each sink 11 and lead directly to each 11 bottom of sink, and against each 11 bottom surface of sink, utilize the water flow of feed pipe Pressure, because root system of plant rubbish caused by metabolism is flushed to other side, will pass through each sink 11 in each sink 11 17 level-one grade of downcomer drain down and outward.High pressure washing pipe 13, Neng Gouzhen is all installed by each sink 11 in this way It is rinsed to sundries caused by plant growth and metabolism is left in sink, when plant growth, branches and leaves interweave each other, shape When integral green wall, the health in sink is difficult to clear up, and the present invention, which can open high pressure washing pipe, allows water flow by sundries from sink Side be washed into the other side, discharged down by the downcomer of the side, until drain outward, it is ensured that the cleaning in sink.Institute Stating downcomer is placed in inside each sink, positioned at the other side of high pressure washing pipe, occupies the bottom of sink, downcomer has valve It is connect with next stage sink, water is discharged into next stage when Open valve, is successively walked downward, the downcomer and outlet of lowermost layer sink Water pipe connection, will discharge the direct outlet of water, until rinsing well.
Preferably, 1 plant feed unit of hydroponic plant wall of the present invention further includes having lautertuns 14, fish jar or fishpond 15, The lautertuns 14 is placed in 15 top of fish jar or fishpond, connects 12 discharge outlet of overflow pipe of most bottom level-one sink 11, passes through filtering The filtered water of filter material flows back into fish jar or the fishpond 15 supported and have fish in slot 14.
Preferably, above-mentioned lautertuns 14 is set there are four filter grid, wherein the one the second filter grid bottom connections, the second third Filter grid top connection, the 3rd the 4th filter grid bottom connection, the filtering material being filled in each lautertuns be respectively filter cotton, Ceramic ring, biochemical cotton, active carbon and biochemical cotton filter material, filter and adsorb the impurity in water using filter material, improve water Cleanliness.And water circulation of the invention is transported in the sink of top by pump sump, the position of water inlet and spilling water Pipe is respectively placed in the left and right sides of sink, and left and right or reversed flowing are formed after allowing water to enter sink, and when sink moisturizing, water level is super When crossing gap position, water flows to next stage sink along overflow pipe, and each overflow pipe is respectively positioned at according to layer position where sink The other side of upper one layer of gutter spill position, the rest may be inferred by analogy, so that the water in each sink all forms flowing from left to right or by dextrad Left flowing, then flow back after the water to gap position of lowermost level sink fish jar or fishpond form complete water circulation.The present invention exists The water of fish jar or fishpond is extracted at the top of plant walls by combination plantation hydroponic plant, water pump on sink, and the water level of every grade of sink is to excessive Naturally next stage is flowed to behind the position of the mouth of a river, then flow back after the water to gap position of lowermost level sink fish jar or fishpond form water Circulation.Plant and fish on wall, which are formed by water for tie, links, and the water breeded fish is recycled to plant root, absorbs benefit by plant roots With this process water can be purified, and mitigate the eutrophication of water body;Since water body can circulate, increase water oxygen amount, Promote microorganism and oxidation in water, to also improve its self-purification capacity, keeps running water state, make plant, fish, air and water It forms small ecology to bring out the best in each other, has not only improved the growth conditions of fish and plant, but also improve living environment.
Preferably, little for 11 spacing of sink, and the feature that sink side is exposed, above-mentioned each plant cultivation trough can be open The unidirectional sink of single scarf that tilts down from inside to outside of mouth, the bevel angle of the unidirectional sink are 30-70 degree, and the unidirectional water The back veneer of slot is equipped with the mounting plate 111 with mounting hole that can be fixed on sink on wall.And for office or need every Disconnected some spaces, above-mentioned each plant cultivation trough may be opening by center to two outside inclined double inclined plane shapes separately down Two-way sink, the bevel angle of the two-way sink are 30-70 degree, and are equipped with and can fix sink among the top of the two-way sink In the installation part 112 on support frame 3, the bottom both ends of the two-way sink are equipped with the company that can be fixed on bottom of gullet on support frame Fitting 113.To make the present invention after the plant for laying out plant indigo plant, plant can up grow, while can cover outside sink again Wall ensures the globality of plant walls.
The present invention also provides a kind of hydroponic plant wall method for planting, comprising the following steps:
(1) the earth culture molding plant for selecting well-grown, plant type grace, no disease and pests harm is selected to plant as stand-by water planting Object;
(2) earth culture plant is switched to by hydroponic plant by root system method for inducing and cultivating, it is special according to different plant growths at this time Point and Root Characters, are respectively adopted following two method: (21) use xylophyta and cut root induction cultural method entirely, first Suitable earth culture potted plant is screened, whole soil of plant is sloughed, cuts off whole root systems, but be unable to Jian Shang stem, by plant Remaining soil washes with water completely, and plant is placed in sterilization pool, is sterilized 15 minutes with fungicide, and it is cool to be placed into the progress of airing platform It is 2 hours dry, the plant of airing is placed in taking root liquid pool and impregnates basal part of stem 30 minutes, is then placed into airing platform airing 20- 28 hours are fixed on plant in field planting basket when can't see water mark to stem, and being placed in induction bed makes plant basal part of stem Water surface root induction is contacted, is grown by 10-14 days new roots, formed complete aquatic root system by 25-35 days;
(22) root induction cultural method is cut using part for nonwood plant: screens suitable earth culture potting first and plants Object removes whole soil of plant, cuts off old root, weak, undesirable root, retains healthy and strong root, by whole plant wash with water completely, Plant is placed in sterilization pool, is sterilized 15 minutes with fungicide, is placed into airing platform and carries out airing 2 hours, the plant of airing is placed in It takes root and impregnates basal part of stem 30 minutes in liquid pool, airing platform airing is then placed into 10-15 hours, when can't see small water droplet to root Plant is fixed in field planting basket again, being placed in induction bed made plant root contact water surface root induction, by 10-20 days Complete aquatic root system is formed afterwards;
(3) there is the hydroponic plant of complete aquatic root system to be put into each sink the formation cultivated in field planting basket to be formed Hydroponic plant wall.
Kasugarnycin, carbendazim of the above-mentioned fungicide for 1000 times.
Above-mentioned root-growing agent uses concentration for the α-naphthylacetic acid of 200mg/L or heteroauxin.
Above-mentioned induction bed 4 is the water bed to plant hydroponic plant, and the adjustable water storage total height of the induction bed water level is 20cm, bed surface are fixed with mesh sieve 41 not of uniform size, and edge is placed on each mesh of sieve on field planting basket 2, in field planting basket 2 Plant pass through mesh, plant basal part of stem or root with induce bed in the water surface contact, the induction of aquatic root system is carried out to plant.From And make each hydroponic plant by modularized production, from the sieve bore on the water bed of production base, field planting basket size and sink are opened Mouthful be all it is consistent, matched, the plant in field planting basket can optionally be placed on the sink of dimension, different cultivars plant Plantation can be freely combined, or replace position at any time, can also need to risk pattern according to client with the plant of different colours, side Just it operates, is practical.
Now simply introduce the induction production process of money tree by taking money tree as an example, money tree be with cut full root induction technology into Row production, process can be divided into the following:
Suitable earth culture potting money tree is screened, whole soil of money tree is sloughed, cuts off whole root systems, but wound cannot be cut Stem washes with water the remaining soil of clean plant.
Money tree is put into sterilization pool to sterilize 15 minutes, being placed into airing platform progress airing, (standard is to pick up money tree not having Have to drip and can be carried out next process)
The money tree of airing is put into taking root liquid pool and is impregnated 30 minutes (only impregnating stem bottom), is placed into airing platform airing (stem cannot see that water mark, this process will be about 24 hours)
Money tree is fixed in plantation basket, is put into root induction in induction pond, general 10 to 14 days it can be seen that new root It grows, then conserving a period of time can shipment.Overall process will be about 30 days or so to arrive in client's hand.
Hydroponic plant wall method for planting and device of the present invention are a kind of novel plant walls cultivation techniques.Utilize water Ornamental plant is used for three-dimensional plant and watched by training technology, by matched water circulation facility, by hydroponic plant, fish, water and air It is connected, formation can purify air but also purify water, and the green that can beautify the environment and improve indoor comfort degree is small Ecology.Have the characteristics that it is convenient for management, clean, graceful, be easy to conserve, integrate and admire the beauty of flowers, see root, breed fish, it is deep to be liked by people Love.
The present invention has the following advantages that compared with prior art and effect:
1. the hydroponic plant that the present invention uses is soilless cultivation, that is, does not have to soil or matrix is cultivated, be both not easy to breed Pest and disease damage, but it is sanitation and hygiene, without secondary pollution.
2. being easy feasible: hydroponic plant does not have to soil and is cultivated, without understanding the technology of plant watering, as long as usually connecing Upper power switch, allows water to recycle, so that it may which it is loaded down with trivial details to eliminate earth culture management, and is easily understood for the growth for guaranteeing plant.
3. ecological, environmental protective, the present invention combines plantation hydroponic plant on sink, and the water of fish jar or fishpond is extracted into plant by water pump Object wall top portion, flows to next stage after the water level to gap position of every grade of sink naturally, the water of lowermost level sink to gap position It postpones, flow back fish jar or fishpond, forms water circulation.Plant and fish on wall, which are formed by water for tie, links, and the water breeded fish follows Ring is absorbed and utilized to plant root by plant roots, this process water can be purified, and mitigates the eutrophication of water body;Due to Water body can circulate, and increase water oxygen amount, promote microorganism and oxidation in water, to also improve its self-purification capacity, protect Running water state is held, so that plant, fish, air and water is formed small ecology and brings out the best in each other, not only improved the growth conditions of fish and plant, but also change It has been apt to living environment.
4. the present invention can be directed to different demands, it is formed field planting basket using different model, by planting in field planting basket, Then field planting basket is placed on the sink of dimension, plantation can be freely combined in different cultivars plant, replace at any time.
5. the present invention can be opened as needed field planting basket bottom using different model field planting basket for different demands Hole, root system of plant pass through bottom, stretch out field planting basket, are then consolidated plant with haydite or the blue materials such as stone or cobble inside field planting basket It is fixed, planting in field planting basket, then field planting basket is placed on the sink of dimension, different cultivars plant can be free Combination plantation, is replaced at any time.
6. water circulation of the invention is transported in the sink of top by pump sump, the position of water inlet and overflow pipe point It is not placed in the left and right sides of sink, forms left and right or reversed flowing after allowing water to enter sink, when sink moisturizing, water level is more than to overflow When the position of the mouth of a river, water flows to next stage sink along overflow pipe, and each overflow pipe is respectively positioned at one according to layer position where sink The other side of layer gutter spill position, the rest may be inferred by analogy, flows or flows from left to right from right to left so that the water in each sink is all formed Dynamic, then flow back after the water to gap position of lowermost level sink fish jar or fishpond form complete water circulation.
7. the present invention can accept most bottom level-one gutter spill pipe row by the lautertuns being placed in above fish jar or fishpond Water filtration, purification is ensured the healthy growth of plant and fish by filter material in slot to keep clean water quality by water.
8. the lautertuns that the present invention is placed in above fish jar or fishpond be it is movable, be conveniently easy to split out cleaning.
9. apparatus of the present invention are to recycle with water, can save water.
10. apparatus of the present invention hydroponic plant can be with long term growth since hydroponic plant vitality is strong, and replaces and hold Easily, so it is at low cost.
11. apparatus of the present invention modularized production hydroponic plant, from the sieve bore on the water bed of production base, field planting basket Size with the opening of sink be all it is consistent, matched, the plant in field planting basket can optionally be placed in the sink of dimension On, plantation can be freely combined in different cultivars plant, or replaces position at any time, can also be with the plant of different colours according to client It needs to risk pattern, facilitates operation, practical.
12. the present invention is little for sink spacing, and the feature that sink side is exposed, sink is open two side bevelings, Inclined-plane and the inside side wall (or two-sided middle line) form 30-70 ° of angle, and after the plant for laying out plant indigo plant, plant can up grow, Sink outer walls can be covered again simultaneously, ensure the globality of plant walls.
13. the present invention can select two-sided plant walls for office or some spaces for needing to separate.
It, can be for leaving plant growth and new old in sink 14. each sink of the present invention all installs high pressure washing pipe Sundries caused by being metabolized is rinsed, and when plant growth, branches and leaves interweave each other, health when forming whole green wall, in sink It is difficult to clear up, the present invention, which can open high pressure washing pipe, allows water flow that sundries is washed into the other side from the side of sink, by this The downcomer of side discharges down, until draining outward, it is ensured that the cleaning in sink.
15. aquatic property root system induction can carry out in product container simultaneously with culture in cultural method of the present invention, It can be not required to otherwise processed, shorten product cultivation cycle, save time and cost.
16. the present invention carries out the culture and induction of aquatic property root system for different root system of plant characteristics, inductivity is improved, Ensure plant quality.
17. the present invention induces aquatic property root system induction and culture due to carrying out using induction bed, also have the characteristics that: A, plant inducing effect is good, since induction bed plumbing is easy, can change water at any time, and space is big, water oxygen content is high, is conducive to root The induction of system promotes root system that can comparatively fast grow;B, plant growth is healthy and strong, and due to the limitation of not receptor size, root growth relaxes Exhibition, root system appreciation effect is good, and bed is induced to can be adjusted according to the needs the height of water level, provides optimum level of water for root growth, Ensure that plant growth is healthy and strong;C, utilization of area rate is high, and field planting basket directly puts sieve, and the influence of receptor size, does not put Density can be bigger, and place utilization rate is higher;D, production management efficiency is high, reduces production cost.It is every due to reducing in production One plant of plant puts into container and the process individually handled to each basin plant, while to the rotten root of growing process, rotten Root and plant sanitation and hygiene, can unify efficient process, save the investment of man power and material.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of hydroponic plant wall plant feed unit, can fix including at least two layers and be installed on wall or be fixed on support frame The plant cultivation trough that is made of the sink that at least one level is put, be installed in each sink opening for placing and fixing plant The field planting basket of strain, water inlet pipe, overflow pipe, the downcomer, high pressure washing pipe connecting with each sink, each sink are solid by hook Due on wall or being fixed on support frame, sink is made of plastics integrated injection molding or stainless steel or iron plate compression moulding, The water inlet pipe is for supplementing recirculated water in the sink for be transported to top by pump sump, and the overflow pipe is mounted in respectively The bottom of sink, and each overflow pipe is respectively positioned at left or right side so that each water according to the odevity of layer position where each sink Water in slot all forms the recirculated water for flowing or flowing from left to right from right to left, and the opening of overflow pipe is located at 1/2 in each sink To 3/4 height, the overthe openings that the bottom of gullet injects next stage sink are stretched out in the outlet of overflow pipe, when sink moisturizing When water level is more than gap position, water flows to next stage sink along spilling water tube opening, the water of lowermost layer sink to gap position It postpones, direct outlet or flows back into external fish jar or fishpond, the high pressure washing pipe connects external feed pipe, is installed on cultivation The side for training slot enters from each sink top and leads directly to each bottom of gullet, and againsts each sink bottom surface, utilizes the water flow pressure of feed pipe Power passes through being lauched for each sink by the root system of plant in each sink because rubbish caused by metabolism is flushed to other side Pipe level-one grade is drained down and outward, and the downcomer is placed in inside each sink, positioned at the other side of high pressure washing pipe, is occupied The bottom of sink, downcomer are connect with valve with next stage sink, water are discharged next stage when Open valve, successively down It walks, the downcomer of lowermost layer sink is connect with outer drainpipe, the direct outlet of water will be discharged, until rinsing well;
It further include having lautertuns, fish jar or fishpond, the lautertuns is placed in above fish jar or fishpond, connection most bottom level-one sink Overflow pipe discharge outlet flows back into fish jar or the fishpond supporting and have fish by the filtered water of filter material in lautertuns.
2. hydroponic plant wall plant feed unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that above-mentioned lautertuns is set there are four filter grid, Wherein the one the second filter grid bottom connection, the connection of the second third filter grid top, the connection of the 3rd the 4th filter grid bottom are described First filter grid is filled with filter cotton and ceramic ring from top to bottom, in second filter grid from top to bottom filled with biochemical cotton and Ceramic ring, the third filter grid is interior to be filled with active carbon, is filled with biochemical cotton and work from top to bottom in the 4th filter grid Property charcoal, using filter material filter and adsorb water in impurity, improve the cleanliness of water.
3. hydroponic plant wall plant feed unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that above-mentioned each plant cultivation trough be opening by In to the unidirectional sink of single scarf tilted down outside, the bevel angle of the unidirectional sink is 30-70 degree, and the unidirectional sink Back veneer is equipped with the mounting plate with mounting hole that can be fixed on sink on wall.
4. hydroponic plant wall plant feed unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that above-mentioned each plant cultivation trough be opening by To two outsides, the inclined two-way sink of double inclined plane shape, the bevel angle of the two-way sink are 30-70 degree separately down at center, and should The installation part that sink can be fixed on support frame is equipped among the top of two-way sink, the bottom both ends of the two-way sink are equipped with The connector that bottom of gullet can be fixed on support frame.
5. a kind of hydroponic plant wall method for planting based on hydroponic plant wall plant feed unit described in claim 1, feature exist In the following steps are included:
(1) earth culture of well-grown, plant type grace, no disease and pests harm is selected to form plant as stand-by hydroponic plant;
(2) earth culture plant is switched to by hydroponic plant by root system method for inducing and cultivating, at this time according to different plant growth features and Following two method is respectively adopted in Root Characters: (21) using root induction cultural method is cut entirely, screen xylophyta first Suitable earth culture potted plant, sloughs whole soil of plant, cuts off whole root systems, but be unable to Jian Shang stem, plant is remained Soil wash with water completely, plant is placed in sterilization pool, with fungicide sterilize 15 minutes, be placed into airing platform carry out airing 2 Hour, the plant of airing is placed in taking root liquid pool and impregnates basal part of stem 30 minutes, is then placed into airing platform airing 20-28 Hour, plant is fixed in field planting basket when can't see water mark to stem, being placed in induction bed makes axis base in contact Water surface root induction was grown by 10-14 days new roots, formed complete aquatic root system by 25-35 days;
(22) root induction cultural method is cut using part for nonwood plant: screens suitable earth culture potted plant first, removes It removes whole soil of plant, cut off old root, weak, undesirable root, retain healthy and strong root, whole plant is washed with water completely, plant It is placed in sterilization pool, is sterilized 15 minutes with fungicide, airing platform is placed into and carries out airing 2 hours, the plant of airing is placed in and is taken root Impregnated basal part of stem 30 minutes in liquid pool, be then placed into airing platform airing 10-15 hours, when can't see small water droplet to root again Plant is fixed in field planting basket, and being placed in induction bed makes plant root contact water surface root induction, is formed after 10-20 days Complete aquatic root system;
(3) hydroponic plant that the formation cultivated in field planting basket has complete aquatic root system is put into each sink and forms water planting plant Object wall.
6. hydroponic plant wall method for planting as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the spring thunder that above-mentioned fungicide is 1000 times Mycin, carbendazim.
7. hydroponic plant wall method for planting as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that taking root liquid uses concentration for 200mg/L's α-naphthylacetic acid or heteroauxin.
8. hydroponic plant wall method for planting as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that above-mentioned induction bed is planted for plantation water planting The water bed of object, the adjustable water storage total height of the induction bed water level are 20cm, and bed surface is fixed with mesh sieve not of uniform size, Along being placed on each mesh of sieve on field planting basket, the plant in field planting basket passes through mesh, plant basal part of stem or root and induction The water surface contacts in bed, and the induction of aquatic root system is carried out to plant.
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