CN105684714A - Staphylea bumalda tender branch cutting seedling cultivation method - Google Patents

Staphylea bumalda tender branch cutting seedling cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105684714A
CN105684714A CN201610098061.5A CN201610098061A CN105684714A CN 105684714 A CN105684714 A CN 105684714A CN 201610098061 A CN201610098061 A CN 201610098061A CN 105684714 A CN105684714 A CN 105684714A
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cutting
seedling
cuttage
nursery stock
soil
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徐华龙
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徐华龙
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0299Handling or transporting of soil blocks or seedlings

Abstract

The invention discloses a Staphylea bumalda tender branch cutting seedling cultivation method. The method includes the first step of cutting seedling base facilities, the second step of a cutting matrix, the third step of cutting selection and cutting shoot preparation, the fourth step of cutting, the fifth step of post-cutting management, the sixth step of disease and pest prevention, and the seventh step of seedling selling. By means of seedlings cultivated by conducting root promotion on cutting shoots and processing ends of cutting shoots, the quality and resistance of cutting seedlings are improved, and the plantation period of Staphylea bumalda can be greatly shortened by planting young seedlings of cutting seedling cultivation. Meanwhile, by means of the tender branch cutting seedling cultivation technology, excellent characteristics of mothers are easily ensured, local material utilization, local seedling cultivation and local plantation can be easily conducted, and the advantages of being rapid in growth, high in yield, high in adaptability and the like of seedlings are fully shown after plantation. In addition, high-quality strong seedlings are cultivated through scientific management of cutting seedling cultivation, young seedlings subjected to cutting grow neatly, the seedling disease rate is decreased, the economic value of seedlings and the survival rate of seedling culture can be increased, and social and economic benefits are improved.

Description

A kind of breeding method of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling
Technical field
The present invention relates to the breeding method of a kind of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling。
Background technology
Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae (Staphyleacolchica) is perennial machaka or dungarunga, another name water bar, place is commonly called as basilima sorbifolia, is the rare woody oleiferous plants of China, there is the advantages such as fruit oil content high, oil quality good, high yield, fast-growing, strong adaptability, be the energy-source plant of great potential。Edible and the medical value of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae is already recognized by people, tender leaf, tender slightly significantly high with the nutrition quality mark such as crude fat, total amino acids and essential amino acids in alabastrum, can as wholefood development of resources。Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae whole nation most area has distribution, two alpine regions that main integrated distribution has concurrently at north-south climate, is born in roadside, hillside or trench both sides shrubbery, have cold-resistant, happiness is moistening, adapt to the characteristics such as sunshine。
Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae has above-mentioned multiple use, the economic benefit of its plantation is high, but set of system method for cultivating seedlings is not had over the years because of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae, and existing tradition method for culturing seedlings technology single, and germination percentage is low, nursery stock growing way is uneven, difficult quality guarantee, the survival rate planted is low, so the Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae production cycle of plantation is long, not manageability, the growing way of plant differs greatly, greatly reduce the economic benefit of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae, main or the facility bred with cutting seedling and substrate, cutting is selected, preparation and cuttage, seedling management, the Prevention Technique of planting technique and pest and disease damage is closely bound up。
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned Problems existing, it is desirable to provide the breeding method of a kind of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling, the method is the another nursery new technique except seeding and seedling raising and hardwood cutting and seedling raising that Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae is carried out, i.e. epicormic branch cutting method, adopt epicormic branch cuttage technology, by very to promoting that cuttage rooting and cutting end carry out the Seedling wood that process operation is cultivated, improve quality and the resistance of cutting seedling, and the seedling of cutting propagation carries out planting and can be greatly shortened the crop cycle of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae, simultaneously, adopt Cultivation Techniques of Softwood Cutting, the favourable merit ensureing female parent, it is easy to gather materials on the spot, nursery and planting on the spot on the spot, fully show after planting that it is got bumper crops, the advantage such as fast-growing and strong adaptability, additionally, high-quality strong sprout is cultivated by the scientific management of cutting propagation, the seedling growth making cuttage is neat, reduce nursery stock sickness rate, the economic worth of nursery stock and the survival rate of transplanted seedling tree can be improved again, improve economic results in society。
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
The breeding method of a kind of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling, comprises the following steps:
(1) cutting propagation infrastructure:
A, cutting propagation facility: adopt Full sunshing automatic spraying device for raising seedlings, use good water sources, pH value neutrality or subacidity;
B, slotting machine are set up: set up rectangle slotting machine, the queen closer of the thick 20cm of bottom paving, the filtered water level that upper berth 10cm is thick;
(2) cutting medium:
A, matrix formulations: turfy soil 50%, perlite, Vermiculitum each 10%, decomposed manure 30%;
B, Seedling bag making: carry out mechanization Nutrition Soil filling with the degradable nonwoven fabrics container that diameter is 4cm~5cm, the non-woven fabrics fill Seedling bag loaded cut into the segment of 8cm~10cm length;
C, make bed: the Seedling bag made is put into bedside 0.9m~1m, long 8m~10m, pavement width 0.3m~0.5m seedbed, and Seedling bag gap soil waters after tamping;
D, matrix treatments: after performing seedbed, 1d before cuttage, start spraying apparatus, first with water, cuttage soil sprinkling is saturating, then spray bed surface with the potassium permanganate of 0.3%;
(3) prepared by cutting selection and cutting:
A, cutting collection: the first tenday period of a month in late April to May, and the nothing of current growth 10cm~15cm spends sturdy twig to choose, and after twig cutting is cut, carry out fresh-keeping;
Prepared by b, cutting: cut off by the twig of collection after the blade of base portion 1/4~1/3 as cutting;
C, cutting process: by cutting base portion with the disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate 10min of 0.1% before cuttage, then soak 0.5h in the NAA solution of 200mg/kg;
(4) cuttage:
A, cutting time: carry out the first tenday period of a month in annual late April to May;
B, cutting propagation: piece cutting of a Seedling bag interpolation, cutting is vertical with Seedling bag, and seeding row spacing does not block mutually to be advisable by the blade in cutting and carries out cuttage, fringe bar insertion depth is 3cm~5cm, blinding compacting, sprays permeable after inserting, so that cutting and substrate close contact plastic covering Small plastic shed;
(5) management after inserting:
A, period management of taking root: in canopy, preference temperature is 20 DEG C~25 DEG C, should take water spray, shade or ventilate and lower the temperature during higher than 35 DEG C;In canopy, relative humidity is not less than 80%;
B, survive period management: after cutting survives, 1 young sprout of selecting and remain in time is trained trunk, removes the germinating branch that base portion is unnecessary;
C, topdress: to mid-September after cuttage rooting, the mixotrophism liquid spraying 0.2% carbamide and 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate every 5d~7d carries out foliage top dressing;
D, growing season management: at trophophase, will remove withered cutting and weeds in time, and 7d~10d sprays 800 times~1000 times carbendazim on cutting, in case infecting;
E, seedling exercising: after cuttage rooting, start progressively to take ventilation, printing opacity, and control water and the fertile measure of control carry out seedling exercising;
(6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: include the preventing and treating of nursery stock southern blight, nursery stock stem rot, cutworm, geometrid moth and Phytophthira;
(7) outplanting:
A, lifting period: after late October nursery stock fallen leaves to soil in winter freeze-up before or spring in next year soil be the lifting time before sprouting to Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae bud mid-February after thawing;
B, seedling sorting and inspection;
C, seedling identification, packaging and transport;
D, heel in: after lifting, it is impossible to the nursery stock of field planting in time, the plot of not easily hydrops need to be selected to heel in, running check, it is prevented that nursery stock is air-dry, go rotten and endangered by Mus, rabbit。
Further, all should stirring once every 2h under the sun before the raw materials used use in described step (2) " matrix formulations ", after the 8h~10h that is exposed to the sun, mixing be mixed thoroughly, and with ferrous sulfate or zineb bacterium sterilizing, admixes appropriate miracle powder insect protected。
Further, the cuttage end of the every root cutting processed in described step (3) " cutting process " all wraps 2~3 layers of preservative film, and interts on preservative film and arrange some apertures。
Further, nursery stock southern blight in described step (6) " prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control ": carry out soil disinfection before sowing, execute quick lime 750kg/hm2Or 1% copper sulfate solution 3750kg/hm2~4500kg/hm2, their early stage, waters shoot root with 500 times of liquid of 70% pentachloronitrobenzene or 1% copper sulfate solution or executes plant ash in sick Seedling surrounding soil;Nursery stock stem rot: strengthen during morbidity checking, it has been found that sick Seedling removes destruction in time, hypopathia strain excision old complaint, then water 20% lime water or 25% ferrous sulfate;Cutworm: the initial stage catches and kills in time, contains adult and sends out phase beginning, uses black light lamps adult, or with sugar 6 parts, vinegar 3 parts, Chinese liquor 1 part, 10 parts of sweet-and-sour liquid being made into of water, adds 1 part of 25% metrifonate powder, traps and kills adult;Geometrid moth: the initial stage catches and kills in time, in the larva low age stage, when worm strain rate is less than 5%, with 25% d ichlorbenzuron, 1500 times of liquid of No. 3 suspending agents, or the 1000 times of liquid sprayings of 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate;Phytophthira: at aphid early period of origination, can spray 1500~2000 times of liquid of 40% omethoate emulsifiable solution or 2000~2500 times of liquid of 50% parathion cream, or 50% wards off 2000~3000 times of liquid of aphid mist wettable powder。
Further, in described step (7), " seedling sorting " is that according to height and footpath, ground, nursery stock is divided into two-stage: I grade: seedling height H >=35cm, nursery stock ground footpath D >=0.5cm;II grade: seedling height 35cm >=H >=20cm, nursery stock ground footpath 0.5cm >=D >=0.3cm。
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention is compared with prior art that to propose one more comprehensive, the breeding method of reasonable and efficient Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cutting, it is low that this kind of method solves seedling in prior art, growing way is uneven, seedling growth is slow, planting survival rate is low and the problem such as growth cycle length, and this method has summed up facility and the substrate that Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling is bred, cutting is selected, preparation and cuttage, seedling management, main diseases and insect pests is prevented and treated, the detailed management method in outplanting each period, the novel method for cultivating of the epicormic branch cuttage Seedling of this kind of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae has accomplished the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control thoroughly, and each growth stage has all been done the process relatively optimized, make the cuttage nursery stock cultivated by this kind of method reach Seedling of fine quality to strengthen, planting survival rate is high, simultaneously, improve the economic benefit of nursery stock。
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make those of ordinary skill in the art be better understood on technical scheme, below in conjunction with embodiment, technical scheme is further described。
Embodiment:The breeding method of a kind of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling, comprises the following steps:
(1) cutting propagation infrastructure:
A, cutting propagation facility: adopt Full sunshing automatic spraying device for raising seedlings, use good water sources, pH value neutrality or subacidity;
B, slotting machine are set up: with brick rectangularity slotting machine, setting up rectangle slotting machine, slotting machine is divided into 2 districts by thing or North and South direction, and about 40cm pavement is stayed in centre, the queen closer of the thick 20cm of bottom paving, handstone composition filtered water level thick for upper berth 10cm;
(2) cutting medium:
A, matrix formulations: turfy soil 50%, perlite, Vermiculitum each 10%, decomposed manure 30%;All should stirring once every 2h under the sun before raw materials used use, after the 8h~10h that is exposed to the sun, mixing be mixed thoroughly, and with ferrous sulfate or zineb bacterium sterilizing, admixes appropriate miracle powder insect protected;
B, Seedling bag making: carry out mechanization Nutrition Soil filling with the degradable nonwoven fabrics container that diameter is 4cm~5cm, the non-woven fabrics fill Seedling bag loaded cut into the segment of 8cm~10cm length;
C, make bed: the Seedling bag made being put into bedside 0.9m~1m, long 8m~10m, pavement width 0.3m~0.5m seedbed, accomplishes that marshalling, crops in rows, bed surface are smooth, Seedling bag gap soil waters after tamping;
D, matrix treatments: after performing seedbed, 1d before cuttage, start spraying apparatus, first with water, cuttage soil sprinkling is saturating, then spray bed surface with the potassium permanganate of 0.3%;
(3) prepared by cutting selection and cutting:
A, cutting collection: the first tenday period of a month in late April to May, from the breeding elite stand that tree vigo(u)r is healthy and strong, clip spends sturdy twig to choose without the nothing of pest and disease damage and current growth 10cm~15cm, after twig cutting is cut, carry out fresh-keeping, twig cutting gathered at morning and evening or the cloudy day in spring, accomplished with adopting, with processing, with cuttage;
Prepared by b, cutting: cut off by the twig of collection after the blade of base portion 1/4~1/3 as cutting;
C, cutting process: before cuttage by cutting base portion with 0.1% disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate 10min, then in the NAA solution of 200mg/kg, soak 0.5h, the cuttage end of the every root cutting processed all wraps 2~3 layers of preservative film, and interts on preservative film and arrange some apertures, it is simple to cutting is breathed;
(4) cuttage:
A, cutting time: carry out the first tenday period of a month in annual late April to May;
B, cutting propagation: piece cutting of a Seedling bag interpolation, cutting is vertical with Seedling bag, and seeding row spacing does not block mutually to be advisable by the blade in cutting and carries out cuttage, fringe bar insertion depth is 3cm~5cm, blinding compacting, sprays permeable after inserting, so that cutting and substrate close contact plastic covering Small plastic shed;Cutting is necessary vertical cuttage when cuttage, otherwise its growing way direction can tilt, affect growing way quality, therefore in order to regulate the perpendicularity of cutting, after the hard stem cutting fringe of every cuttage one, equal triangle adjustor is adjusted, this triangle adjustor in the taper steel disc of 120 degree of orientation angles and is connected to three taper steel disc centre positions and newel straight up forms by three, three taper steel discs are interior in the same plane and this plane is parallel to the ground, each taper steel disc bottom surface is processed as knife face shape, it is easy to inject downwards Medium Culture, first this triangle adjustor is inserted in substrate when cuttage, guarantee after vertically, cutting is carried out for standard again with this triangle adjustor, cutting is paralleled with newel and is vertically, three taper steel disc compositions of this triangle adjustor reason, therefore support effect is good;
(5) management after inserting:
A, period management of taking root: in canopy, preference temperature is 20 DEG C~25 DEG C, should take water spray, shade or ventilate and lower the temperature during higher than 35 DEG C;In canopy, relative humidity is not less than 80%, and humidity can reduce cutting plantation lower than 60%;
B, survive period management: after cutting survives, 1 young sprout of selecting and remain in time is trained trunk, removes the germinating branch that base portion is unnecessary;
C, topdressing: to mid-September after cuttage rooting, the mixotrophism liquid spraying 0.2% carbamide and 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate every 5d~7d carries out foliage top dressing, foliage top dressing carries out after stopping spraying between the lights;
D, growing season management: at trophophase, will remove withered cutting and weeds in time, and 7d~10d sprays 800 times~1000 times carbendazim on cutting, in case infecting;
E, seedling exercising: after cuttage rooting, start progressively to take ventilation, printing opacity, and control water and the fertile measure of control carry out seedling exercising;
(6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: include the preventing and treating of nursery stock southern blight, nursery stock stem rot, cutworm, geometrid moth and Phytophthira;Nursery stock southern blight: carry out soil disinfection before sowing, execute quick lime 750kg/hm2Or 1% copper sulfate solution 3750kg/hm2~4500kg/hm2, notice that weeds are eliminated in draining, promote that seedling growth is vigorous that their early stage waters shoot root with 500 times of liquid of 70% pentachloronitrobenzene or 1% copper sulfate solution or executes plant ash in sick Seedling surrounding soil, excavating disease Seedling and neighbouring sick soil, use lime disinfection;Nursery stock stem rot: select the local nursery that draining is good, soil layer is loose, nursery lot shades, covers grass, forest land catch cropping, reduce nursery bed temperature and prevent calcination, pour water during high temperature and drought, strengthen during morbidity checking, find that sick Seedling removes destruction in time, hypopathia strain excision old complaint, then water 20% lime water or 25% ferrous sulfate;Cutworm: remove the weeds of ground, garden and periphery thereof in time, it has been found that incise on tender leaf should mend in time with hole and kill;Check early morning and find that fresh disconnected Seedling can be pushed table soil near disconnected Seedling aside and catch and kill, contain adult and send out phase beginning, use black light lamps adult, or with sugar 6 parts, vinegar 3 parts, Chinese liquor 1 part, 10 parts of sweet-and-sour liquid being made into of water, add 1 part of 25% metrifonate powder, trap and kill adult;Geometrid moth: should foster in time, reasonable intermediate cutting, remove brood tree, backlog in time, larva has sagging and frightened born habit of weaving silk, larva can be shaken off laggard catching and killing, in the larva low age stage, when worm strain rate is less than 5%, with 25% d ichlorbenzuron, 1500 times of liquid of No. 3 suspending agents, or the 1000 times of liquid sprayings of 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate;Phytophthira: protect and utilize natural enemy; as utilized the predation such as coccinella septempunctata, food aphid, at aphid early period of origination, 1500~2000 times of liquid of 40% omethoate emulsifiable solution can be sprayed; or 2000~2500 times of liquid of 50% parathion cream, or 50% ward off 2000~3000 times of liquid of aphid mist wettable powder;
(7) outplanting:
A, lifting period: after late October nursery stock fallen leaves to soil in winter freeze-up before or spring in next year soil be the lifting time before sprouting to Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae bud mid-February after thawing;
B, seedling sorting and inspection: after lifting, select Seedling covering shady calm place immediately, reject underproof nursery stock, and carry out seedling sorting and add up the yield of qualified nursery stock, nursery stock is divided into two-stage according to height and footpath, ground: I grade: seedling height H >=35cm, nursery stock ground footpath D >=0.5cm;II grade: seedling height 35cm >=H >=20cm, nursery stock ground footpath 0.5cm >=D >=0.3cm;After lifting, seedling quality detection to carry out in a Seedling is criticized, and adopts random sampling method to test, and sampling method performs according to GB6000;
C, seedling identification, packaging and transport: should have clear mark during outplanting, have in mark: nursery stock classification, seeds title, seedling age, quantity, production unit, production site, date of manufacture etc.;According to nursery stock kind, size and transportation range, take corresponding packing method。The label of dated nursery stock kind, seedling age, grade, quantity it is accompanied by the obvious place of packaging;After seedling packing, transport in time, way in note ventilate, it is prevented that nursery stock heating and air-dry, sprinkle water if desired;
D, heel in: after lifting, it is impossible to the nursery stock of field planting in time, the plot of not easily hydrops need to be selected to heel in, running check, it is prevented that nursery stock is air-dry, go rotten and endangered by Mus, rabbit。
The inventive method is the another nursery new technique except seeding and seedling raising and hardwood cutting and seedling raising that Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae is carried out, i.e. epicormic branch cutting method, adopt epicormic branch cuttage technology, by very to promoting that cuttage rooting and cutting end carry out the Seedling wood that process operation is cultivated, improve quality and the resistance of cutting seedling, and the seedling of cutting propagation carries out planting and can be greatly shortened the crop cycle of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae, simultaneously, adopt Cultivation Techniques of Softwood Cutting, the favourable merit ensureing female parent, it is easy to gather materials on the spot, nursery on the spot, plant on the spot, its fast-growing is fully shown after planting, the advantages such as high yield and strong adaptability, additionally, high-quality strong sprout is cultivated by the scientific management of cutting propagation, the seedling growth making cuttage is neat, reduce nursery stock sickness rate, the economic worth of nursery stock and the survival rate of transplanted seedling tree can be improved again, improve economic results in society。

Claims (6)

1. the breeding method of a Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) cutting propagation infrastructure:
A, cutting propagation facility: adopt Full sunshing automatic spraying device for raising seedlings, use good water sources, pH value neutrality or subacidity;
B, slotting machine are set up: set up rectangle slotting machine, the queen closer of the thick 20cm of bottom paving, the filtered water level that upper berth 10cm is thick;
(2) cutting medium:
A, matrix formulations: turfy soil 50%, perlite, Vermiculitum each 10%, decomposed manure 30%;
B, Seedling bag making: carry out mechanization Nutrition Soil filling with the degradable nonwoven fabrics container that diameter is 4cm~5cm, the non-woven fabrics fill Seedling bag loaded cut into the segment of 8cm~10cm length;
C, make bed: the Seedling bag made is put into bedside 0.9m~1m, long 8m~10m, pavement width 0.3m~0.5m seedbed, and Seedling bag gap soil waters after tamping;
D, matrix treatments: after performing seedbed, 1d before cuttage, start spraying apparatus, first with water, cuttage soil sprinkling is saturating, then spray bed surface with the potassium permanganate of 0.3%;
(3) prepared by cutting selection and cutting:
A, cutting collection: the first tenday period of a month in late April to May, and the nothing of current growth 10cm~15cm spends sturdy twig to choose, and after twig cutting is cut, carry out fresh-keeping;
Prepared by b, cutting: cut off by the twig of collection after the blade of base portion 1/4~1/3 as cutting;
C, cutting process: by cutting base portion with the disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate 10min of 0.1% before cuttage, then soak 0.5h in the NAA solution of 200mg/kg;
(4) cuttage:
A, cutting time: carry out the first tenday period of a month in annual late April to May;
B, cutting propagation: piece cutting of a Seedling bag interpolation, cutting is vertical with Seedling bag, and seeding row spacing does not block mutually to be advisable by the blade in cutting and carries out cuttage, fringe bar insertion depth is 3cm~5cm, blinding compacting, sprays permeable after inserting, so that cutting and substrate close contact plastic covering Small plastic shed;
(5) management after inserting:
A, period management of taking root: in canopy, preference temperature is 20 DEG C~25 DEG C, should take water spray, shade or ventilate and lower the temperature during higher than 35 DEG C;In canopy, relative humidity is not less than 80%;
B, survive period management: after cutting survives, 1 young sprout of selecting and remain in time is trained trunk, removes the germinating branch that base portion is unnecessary;
C, topdress: to mid-September after cuttage rooting, the mixotrophism liquid spraying 0.2% carbamide and 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate every 5d~7d carries out foliage top dressing;
D, growing season management: at trophophase, will remove withered cutting and weeds in time, and 7d~10d sprays 800 times~1000 times carbendazim on cutting, in case infecting;
E, seedling exercising: after cuttage rooting, start progressively to take ventilation, printing opacity, and control water and the fertile measure of control carry out seedling exercising;
(6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: include the preventing and treating of nursery stock southern blight, nursery stock stem rot, cutworm, geometrid moth and Phytophthira;
(7) outplanting:
A, lifting period: after late October nursery stock fallen leaves to soil in winter freeze-up before or spring in next year soil be the lifting time before sprouting to Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae bud mid-February after thawing;
B, seedling sorting and inspection;
C, seedling identification, packaging and transport;
D, heel in: after lifting, it is impossible to the nursery stock of field planting in time, the plot of not easily hydrops need to be selected to heel in, running check, it is prevented that nursery stock is air-dry, go rotten and endangered by Mus, rabbit。
2. the breeding method of a kind of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: all should stir once every 2h under the sun before the raw materials used use in described step (2) " matrix formulations ", it is exposed to the sun after 8h~10h to mix and mixes thoroughly, and with ferrous sulfate or zineb bacterium sterilizing, admix appropriate miracle powder insect protected。
3. the breeding method of a kind of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the cuttage end of the every root cutting processed in described step (3) " cutting process " all wraps 2~3 layers of preservative film, and intert on preservative film some apertures are set。
4. the breeding method of a kind of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: in described step (3) " cutting propagation ", after every hard stem cutting fringe of cuttage one, equal triangle adjustor is adjusted, this triangle adjustor in the taper steel disc of 120 degree of orientation angles and is connected to three taper steel disc centre positions and newel straight up forms by three, three taper steel discs are interior in the same plane and this plane is parallel to the ground, and each taper steel disc bottom surface is processed as knife face shape。
5. the breeding method of a kind of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: nursery stock southern blight in described step (6) " prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control ": carry out soil disinfection before sowing, execute quick lime 750kg/hm2Or 1% copper sulfate solution 3750kg/hm2~4500kg/hm2, their early stage, waters shoot root with 500 times of liquid of 70% pentachloronitrobenzene or 1% copper sulfate solution or executes plant ash in sick Seedling surrounding soil;Nursery stock stem rot: strengthen during morbidity checking, it has been found that sick Seedling removes destruction in time, hypopathia strain excision old complaint, then water 20% lime water or 25% ferrous sulfate;Cutworm: the initial stage catches and kills in time, contains adult and sends out phase beginning, uses black light lamps adult, or with sugar 6 parts, vinegar 3 parts, Chinese liquor 1 part, 10 parts of sweet-and-sour liquid being made into of water, adds 1 part of 25% metrifonate powder, traps and kills adult;Geometrid moth: the initial stage catches and kills in time, in the larva low age stage, when worm strain rate is less than 5%, with 25% d ichlorbenzuron, 1500 times of liquid of No. 3 suspending agents, or the 1000 times of liquid sprayings of 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate;Phytophthira: at aphid early period of origination, can spray 1500~2000 times of liquid of 40% omethoate emulsifiable solution or 2000~2500 times of liquid of 50% parathion cream, or 50% wards off 2000~3000 times of liquid of aphid mist wettable powder。
6. the breeding method of a kind of Fructus Staphyleae Bumaldae epicormic branch cuttage Seedling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described step (7), " seedling sorting " is that according to height and footpath, ground, nursery stock is divided into two-stage: I grade: seedling height H >=35cm, nursery stock ground footpath D >=0.5cm;II grade: seedling height 35cm >=H >=20cm, nursery stock ground footpath 0.5cm >=D >=0.3cm。
CN201610098061.5A 2016-02-23 2016-02-23 Staphylea bumalda tender branch cutting seedling cultivation method Pending CN105684714A (en)

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