CN105679943A - Environment monitoring system capable of achieving continuous working - Google Patents

Environment monitoring system capable of achieving continuous working Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105679943A
CN105679943A CN201610171406.5A CN201610171406A CN105679943A CN 105679943 A CN105679943 A CN 105679943A CN 201610171406 A CN201610171406 A CN 201610171406A CN 105679943 A CN105679943 A CN 105679943A
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film
ito
wox
active layer
organic active
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CN201610171406.5A
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吴桂广
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吴桂广
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/42Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for sensing infra-red radiation, light, electro-magnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other material as the active part; Multistep processes for their manufacture
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/42Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for sensing infra-red radiation, light, electro-magnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other material as the active part; Multistep processes for their manufacture
    • H01L51/44Details of devices
    • H01L51/441Electrodes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/42Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for sensing infra-red radiation, light, electro-magnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other material as the active part; Multistep processes for their manufacture
    • H01L51/44Details of devices
    • H01L51/441Electrodes
    • H01L51/442Electrodes transparent electrodes, e.g. ITO, TCO
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/54Material technologies
    • Y02E10/549Material technologies organic PV cells

Abstract

The invention discloses an environment monitoring system capable of achieving continuous working. A polymer solar cell is arranged on the outer surface of the environment monitoring system, and is in a sandwich structure; the polymer solar cell comprises an anode electrode, an organic active layer and a cathode electrode; the anode electrode is sequentially provided with ITO glass, a WOX film, a WOX nanowire film and a PEDOT:PSS buffer layer from the outside to the inside; the organic active layer is located between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode; and the cathode electrode is sequentially provided with a Ti sheet, an Al film and a TiO<2> film from the outside to the inside. The polymer solar cell can provide a power support for the environment monitoring system, so that the continuous working target is achieved; and the environment monitoring system is high in the energy conversion efficiency, good in the stability, and relatively long in cycle working time and lifetime.

Description

一种可实现连续工作的环境监控系统 An environmental monitoring system to achieve continuous operation

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及监控领域,具体涉及一种可实现连续工作的环境监控系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of surveillance, particularly relates to an environment monitoring system of continuous work.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]环境监控系统包括数据采集部分、信号处理部分、监控部分等,是对一定区域内环境参数的检监测,包括常规的气象要素(风向、风速、湿度等)连续观测。 [0002] The environmental monitoring system includes a data acquisition, signal processing, and monitoring system, is subject to monitoring environmental parameters in a certain area, including conventional meteorological elements (wind direction, wind speed, humidity, etc.) continuous observation.

[0003] —般情况下,环境监控系统工作地点为室外区域,然而,现有环境监控系统一般不具备太阳能电池模块,不能高效的利用室外太阳能资源。 [0003] - Under normal circumstances, the workplace environment monitoring system is an outdoor area, however, the conventional environmental monitoring systems generally do not have a solar cell module can not be efficient use of solar energy resources outside.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004]本发明的目的在于避免现有技术的不足之处而提供一种可实现连续工作的环境监控系统。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to avoid the shortcomings of the prior art and to provide an environment monitoring system may be implemented in continuous operation.

[0005]本发明的目的通过以下技术方案实现: [0005] The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

[0006]提供了一种可实现连续工作的环境监控系统,其特征在于,所述环境监控系统外表面安装有聚合物太阳能电池,该聚合物太阳能电池的ITO玻璃一面朝外侧安装,该聚合物太阳能电池通过导线与环境监控系统连接;所述聚合物太阳能电池为三明治结构,由阳极电极、有机活性层、阴极电极组成;所述阳极电极由外到内依次为ITO玻璃(01)、W0X薄膜(02)、WOx纳米线薄膜(04)、PEDOT:PSS缓冲层(03),其中,WOx纳米线薄膜(04)生长于WOx薄膜 [0006] Providing the environmental monitoring system which can realize a continuous operation, characterized in that the outer surface of the environment monitoring system attached polymer solar cells, polymer solar cells the ITO glass side toward the outer mounting, the polymeric the solar cell was connected by wire and environmental monitoring systems; said polymer sandwich structure is a solar cell, an anode electrode, an organic active layer, a cathode electrode composition; the anode electrode sequentially from outside to inside as ITO glass (01), W0X film (02), WOx nanowire film (04), PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03), wherein, WOx nanowire film (04) grown in WOx film

(02)之上,PED0T:PSS缓冲层(03)填充于纳米线结构之间,并且纳米线长度大于PED0T:PSS缓冲层(03)厚度;所述有机活性层(05)位于阳极电极和阴极电极之间,有机活性层(05)厚度为500nm;所述阴极电极由外到内依次为Ti片(08)^1膜(07)、1102薄膜(06)。 (02) above, PED0T: PSS buffer layer (03) is filled in between the nanowire structure, and the nanowire length is greater than PED0T: PSS buffer layer (03) thickness; the organic active layer (05) is located in the anode and cathode between the electrodes, the organic active layer (05) having a thickness of 500 nm; the cathode electrode sequentially from outside to inside is Ti sheet (08) ^ a membrane (07), 1102 film (06).

[0007]优选地,所述聚合物太阳能电池模块的制备方法如下: [0007] Preferably, the polymer is a solar cell module was prepared as follows:

[0008] 步骤一,清洗ITO玻璃(OI):取购买的商用ITO玻璃(OI),其对可见光的透射率达到85%以上,将其裁剪成预定尺寸;用浸湿丙酮的超净布擦拭干净,然后经过丙酮、乙醇、去离子水的超声清洗,每步清洗时间均为Ih,清洗过后放入真空烘箱中干燥;将洗净并干燥好的ITO基底放入臭氧清洗机中,臭氧清洗30min; [0008] Step a cleaning ITO glass (OI): take the later commercial ITO glass (the OI), its visible light transmittance of 85% or more, which was cut into a predetermined size; wiped clean with a cloth soaked in acetone clean, then through acetone, ethanol, deionized water ultrasonic cleaning, cleaning time per step are Ih is, after cleaning and dried in a vacuum oven; good wash and dry the ITO substrate cleaning machine into ozone, ozone cleaning 30min;

[0009]步骤二,制备WOx薄膜(02)及WOx纳米线薄膜(04):将清洗后的ITO玻璃放入磁控溅射仪中,抽真空至本底真空为5 X 10_4pa以下,设定Ar、02流量为20sccm、2sccm,待气体稳定后,磁控溅射W膜,溅射功率为320W,厚度为10nm;将磁控溅射后的ITO基底放入管式炉中,在380°C下热氧化生长WOx纳米线,保温时间为lh,如此在WOx薄膜(02)表面得到WOx纳米线薄膜(04); [0009] Step II Preparation of WOx film (02) and the WOx film of nanowires (04): The cleaned ITO glass placed in a magnetron sputtering device, evacuated to a background vacuum of 5 X 10_4pa hereinafter set ar, 02 flow rate of 20 sccm, 2 sccm, until the gas is stable, the W film magnetron sputtering, sputtering power of 320W, a thickness of 10 nm; the substrate after the ITO sputtering placed in a tube furnace at 380 ° the thermal oxide growth WOx C nanowires, LH holding time, the case (02) to give the surface WOx nanowire film (04) in the WOx film;

[0010] 步骤三,旋涂PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03):从冰箱取出PEDOT: PSS溶液自然解冻至室温,在ITO基底上滴定PEDOT: PSS溶液,使其覆盖ITO基底表面,然后将基底放在匀胶机上,设定转速为2800r/min,旋涂时间为55S,PED0T:PSS缓冲层厚度为40nm,然后将其放入真空烘箱中120 °C烘烤1min,使PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)凝固; [0010] Step three, spin-coating PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03): removed from the refrigerator PEDOT: PSS solution was naturally thawed to room temperature and titrated on the ITO substrate PEDOT: PSS solution, ITO so as to cover the surface of the substrate, the substrate is then put in the spin coater, the set rotational speed of 2800r / min, a spin-coating time is 55S, PED0T: PSS buffer layer having a thickness of 40nm, and then placed in a vacuum oven at 120 ° C bake 1min, that the PEDOT: PSS buffer layer ( 03) solidified;

[0011]步骤四,制备有机活性层(05):本方案有机活性层采用PCDTBT/PC71BM,称取PCDTBT: PC71BM质量比为1:4,以氯苯为溶剂,配制溶液,其中PCDTBT的浓度为5mg/ml,将溶液在65°C水浴中加热并搅拌,以充分溶解;随后将配制好的有机活性层滴定到ITO基底上,并放于在匀胶机上,旋涂转速为900r/min,旋涂时间为38s,即可得到有机活性层(05); [0011] Step 4 Preparation of the organic active layer (05): This embodiment uses the organic active layer PCDTBT / PC71BM, weighed PCDTBT: PC71BM mass ratio of 1: 4, chlorobenzene as a solvent to prepare a solution, wherein the concentration of PCDTBT 5mg / ml, the solution was heated at 65 ° C in a water bath and stirred to fully dissolve; then the prepared organic active layer was titrated onto the ITO substrate, and placed on a spin coater, spin coating speed of 900r / min, spin-coating time is 38s, the organic active layer (05) can be obtained;

[0012]步骤五,组装阴极电极: [0012] Step five, the cathode electrode assembly:

[0013] I)阴极电极采用重量轻,柔性好的Ti片(08),裁剪Ti片,使其与ITO基底尺寸相同,Ti片厚度为0.1mm,将其浸渍在0.1M的HCl溶液中,时间为2.5h,然后用水和乙醇清洗,然后利用磁控溅射方法在其表面蒸镀一层Al膜(07),溅射功率为300W,工作气压为1.0Pa,溅射Al膜厚度为10nm; [0013] I) a cathode electrode using lightweight, flexible sheet good Ti (08), cut sheet Ti, ITO substrates reacted with the same size, the sheet thickness Ti of 0.1mm, was immersed in a 0.1M HCl solution in, time was 2.5h, then washed with water and ethanol, and then deposited by magnetron sputtering an Al film (07) on its surface, sputtering power of 300W, operating pressure of 1.0 Pa, sputtering, an Al film having a thickness of 10nm ;

[0014] 2)取50mL钛酸丁酯(Ti (0C4H9)4)和6mL氢氟酸(HF,浓度为40% )加入到200mL的聚四氟乙稀水热斧中,室温下搅拌均匀后,在170°C下水热12小时。 [0014] 2) taking 50mL butyl titanate (Ti (0C4H9) 4) and 6mL hydrofluoric acid (the HF, 40% concentration) was added to 200mL of PTFE ax in hot water, even after stirring at room temperature , hot water at 170 ° C for 12 hours. 其中,钛与氟的摩尔比为I,水热反应完成后,将所得的T12沉淀溶于300mL乙醇溶液中,搅拌均匀,将ITO基底的有机活性层一端浸入溶有Ti02乙醇溶液中,然后在勾胶机上300r/min下旋转12s,得到一层1nm左右的T12薄膜(06),然后放入真空烘箱60 °C烘烤2min; Wherein the molar ratio of titanium and fluorine as I, after the completion of the hydrothermal reaction, the resulting precipitate was dissolved in 300mL T12 ethanol solution and stirred well, the organic active layer ITO substrate was immersed in an end Ti02 dissolved in ethanol, and then rotating at 300r / min on a hook melter 12S, obtained about 1nm T12 film layer (06), and then placed in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C 2min baking;

[0015] 3)将阴极电极Ti片覆盖在ITO玻璃(01)上,使得阴极电极Al膜(07)—端与ITO玻璃上有机活性层(05)—端接触, [0015] 3) Ti cathode electrode covered on the ITO glass plate (01), a cathode electrode such that an Al film (07) - on the end of the organic active layer and ITO glass (05) - end contacts,

[0016]步骤六,引线及封装:将导线连接到ITO电极与阴极电极,并用环氧树脂对器件进行封装,放入固化炉中70 0C下处理25min。 [0016] Step six, the lead and the package: the connecting wire to the ITO electrode and the cathode electrode, and the device is encapsulated with an epoxy resin, placed in a curing oven at 70 0C process 25min.

[0017]与现有技术相比本发明的有益效果: [0017] Compared with the prior art of the present invention the beneficial effects:

[0018] 1.采用磁控溅射的方法在ITO表面蒸镀一层WOx薄膜,其与ITO薄膜形成得是良好的欧姆接触,降低了接触势皇,提高了ITO阳极收集空穴的能力; [0018] 1. The use of a magnetron sputtering method on the surface of ITO layer deposited WOx film formed with the ITO film to obtain a good ohmic contact, reducing the contact potential Huang, improve the ability to collect the ITO anode hole;

[0019] 2.结构方面,在ITO与PEDOT: PSS缓冲层之间引入一层WOx薄膜结构,其与PEDOT:PSS缓冲层形成双层空穴传输层,并且在WOx薄膜表面生长有WOx纳米线薄膜,该纳米线直接与有机活性层接触,增大了电极与有机活性层的接触面积,该结构大大提高了ITO阳极电极对有机活性层中空穴的收集效率,产生了意想不到的效果; [0019] 2. The structure, the ITO and PEDOT: PSS buffer layer is introduced between the WOx layer film structure, which PEDOT: PSS buffer layer form a bilayer hole transport layer, and the nanowires grown WOx film surface WOx film, the nanowires are directly in contact with the organic active layer increases the contact area with the electrode of the organic active layer, the structure greatly improves the collection efficiency of the ITO anode electrode holes in the organic active layer, yields unexpected results;

[0020] 3.Ti阴极电极表面磁控一层Al膜,形成反光层,并且在Al膜与有机活性层之间采用T12修饰,其与活性层带隙匹配,可以起到电子传输层和空穴阻挡层的作用。 [0020] 3.Ti magnetron cathode surface layer of Al film, formed reflecting layer, and using a modified T12 between the Al film and the organic active layer, the active layer with band-gap matching, can play an electron transport layer and Empty the hole-blocking layer effect.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0021]利用附图对发明作进一步说明,但附图中的实施例不构成对本发明的任何限制,对于本领域的普通技术人员,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据以下附图获得其它的附图。 [0021] using the drawings The invention is further described, but the embodiments in the drawings do not constitute any limitation on the present invention, and those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts may still following figures derive other drawings.

[0022]图1是本发明的聚合物太阳能电池模块示意图。 [0022] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a polymer solar cell module of the present invention.

[0023] 其中:01-1T0玻璃,02-W0x薄膜,03-PED0T:PSS缓冲层,04_W0x纳米线薄膜,05-有机活性层,06-Ti02薄膜,07-A1膜,08-Ti片。 [0023] wherein: 01-1T0 glass, 02-W0x film, 03-PED0T: PSS buffer layer, 04_W0x nanowire film, an organic active layer 05-, 06-Ti02 film, 07-A1 film, 08-Ti substrate.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0024]进入21世纪,随着科技的发展,能源已经成为世界发展和经济增长的最新驱动力,是人类赖以生存的基础。 [0024] In the 21st century, with the development of science and technology, energy has become a new driving force of world development and economic growth, is the foundation of human life. 由于石油、煤炭、天然气等非可再生能源的消耗,寻求和发展可再生能源是解决目前能源问题的主要方法。 As oil, coal, natural gas and other non-renewable energy consumption, and to seek development of renewable energy is the main way to solve the current energy problems. 而太阳能是一种清洁、环保,取之不尽的替代能源。 The solar energy is a clean, environmentally friendly, inexhaustible alternative energy sources. 目前,投入使用的太阳能包括两种,一种为利用太阳能的热能,主要有热水器、太阳灶等,另一种是利用太阳的光能,即利用光生伏打效应,将光能转换为电能,太阳能电池是太阳能光电转换的重要器件,其是直接将太阳能转换为电能的装置,按照所用材料来分类,可以分为无机太阳能电池和有机太阳能电池。 Currently, use of solar energy includes two inputs, one for the utilization of solar energy, there are water heaters, solar cookers, and the other is the use of solar energy, namely the use of photovoltaic effect, the light energy into electrical energy, a solar cell is a solar photoelectric conversion device important that directly convert solar energy into electrical energy, according to the materials classified, solar cells can be divided into inorganic and organic solar cells. 无机太阳能电池以娃基材料为主,具有转换效率高、稳定性好等优点,缺点是材料纯度要求高,制备工艺复杂,价格昂贵等;有机太阳能电池又可分为有机小分子和聚合物太阳能电池,其材料来源广泛、制备工艺简单,可以采用溶液旋涂、丝网印刷等方法大面积制备,因此有机太阳能电池更具有低成本的优势,有机太阳能电池的研究已经成为人们广泛关注的重点。 The inorganic material-based solar cells based doll, having a high conversion efficiency, good stability, the disadvantages of high material purity requirements, complicated preparation process, expensive and the like; an organic solar cell can be divided into small molecules and organic polymer solar batteries, which are widely material source, simple preparation process, the spin coating solution may be employed to prepare a large-area screen printing method, an organic solar cell and therefore is more advantageous cost, of organic solar cells have become the focus of widespread concern.

[0025]简单的聚合物太阳能电池结构为单层结构,中间一层为有机材料充当活性层,两端为不同功函数的电极,其中一端电极透明,经光照到中间层有机材料,其会产生束缚状态的激子,由于激子的结合能一般为0.1〜1.0eV,两端电极产生的内建电场很难将其分离为电子-空穴对,因此引入双层结构;双层结构中的活性层由两种有机材料组成,一种材料充当电子给体,另一种充当电子受体,在光照下,材料中电子受激发,在电子给体与电子受体的界面处发生电子转移,极大的提高了有机材料中激子的分离效率;随后又引入本体异质结,本体异质结是将电子给体与电子受体一起共混,在三维尺度上形成异质结,一方面电子给体与电子受体在纳米尺度的混合有利于电子转移,另一方面电子给体富集相与电子受体富集相能够形成连续相,利于分离后的电子、空穴 [0025] The simple structure of the polymer solar cell is a single layer structure, the intermediate layer acting as an active layer of an organic material, both ends of the different work functions of the electrode, wherein an end of the transparent electrode, the organic material layer into the intermediate light, which is generated bound state exciton, the exciton binding energy due to the generally 0.1~1.0eV, internal electric field generated across the electrodes is difficult to be separated electron - hole pairs, so the introduction of double-layered structure; bilayer structure an organic active layer composed of two materials, one material acting as an electron donor, and the other acting as an electron acceptor, in the light, excited electrons in the material, electrons in the electron transfer occurs at the interfaces with the electron acceptor, greatly improves the separation efficiency of excitons in an organic material; followed by the introduction of a bulk heterojunction, a bulk heterojunction is blended together electron donor and the electron acceptor, a heterojunction is formed in three dimensions, on the one hand the electron donor and electron acceptor mixed nanoscale facilitate electron transfer, on the other hand the electron acceptor to the electron-rich phase enriched phase is capable of forming a continuous phase, after separation facilitates electron, hole 各自相中传输到两端电极。 Each phase to transfer across the electrodes.

[0026]目前,聚合物太阳电池中,通常采用ITO为透明阳极,用来收集空穴,Al薄膜作为阴极,收集电子,由于电极与活性层之间的接触势皇决定了电极收集电荷的能力,为了使空穴能够更好的收集,在ITO与活性层之间加入缓冲层,目前应用最广泛的是PED0T(3,4-乙撑二氧噻吩单体的聚合物)和PSS (聚苯乙烯磺酸盐)的混合溶液,PEDOT为很好的导电性材料,PSS可以使PEDOT更好的分散在溶液中以便成膜及调节薄膜电导率。 [0026] Currently, polymer solar cells, usually transparent ITO anode, a hole for collecting, Al film as the cathode, collecting electrons, the potential due to the contact between the electrode and Huang determines the ability of the active layer of the charge collection electrode in order to better collect the hole, was added a buffer layer between the ITO and the active layer, the most widely used is PEDOT (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene polymer thiophene monomers) and PSS (polystyrene vinyl sulfonate) mixed solution, PEDOT material of good electrical conductivity, PSS PEDOT can make better dispersed in the solution so as to adjust the film deposition and the electrical conductivity.

[0027]然而,PSS呈酸性,会对与之接触的ITO带来腐蚀性,PEDOT:PSS还具有很强的吸湿性,会极大的影响器件的性能和寿命。 [0027] However, the PSS acidic, the ITO would be brought in contact with corrosive, PEDOT: PSS also has a strong hygroscopic, it can greatly affect device performance and lifetime.

[0028]针对现有聚合物太阳能电池的效率较低、稳定性及寿命较差,缓冲层的结构、工艺等问题,本发明通过在ITO与PED0T:PSS缓冲层之间引入WOx薄膜及WOx纳米线结构,其与PED0T:PSS缓冲层形成双层空穴传输层,同时采用Ti片作为阴极电极,并在其表面上磁控一层Al膜,形成反光层,大大提高了阳光的吸收效率,并且在Al膜与有机活性层之间采用T12修饰,对该聚合物太阳能电池的效率、稳定性提高、寿命延长起到了意想不到的效果。 [0028] for the lower efficiency of existing polymer solar cells, poor stability and life, the problem of the buffer layer structure, process or the like, and ITO by the present invention PED0T: introducing WOx film and WOx nanometers PSS buffer layer line structure, which PED0T: PSS buffer layer, the hole transport layer to form a bilayer, while using Ti plate as a cathode electrode, and an Al film on the surface of the magnetic layer which is formed reflecting layer, greatly improving the absorption efficiency of the sunlight, and using the modified T12 between the Al film and the organic active layer, the efficiency of polymer solar cells, improved stability, longer life plays an unexpected effect.

[0029]下面结合附图说明对本发明作进一步说明。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION [0029] Hereinafter, in conjunction with the present invention will be further described.

[0030]图1是本发明的聚合物太阳能电池模块示意图。 [0030] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a polymer solar cell module of the present invention.

[0031 ] 其中:01-1T0玻璃,02-W0x薄膜,03-PED0T: PSS缓冲层,04—WOx纳米线薄膜,05-有机活性层,06-Ti02薄膜,07-A1膜,08-Ti片。 [0031] wherein: 01-1T0 glass, 02-W0x film, 03-PED0T: PSS buffer layer, 04-WOx nanowire film, an organic active layer 05-, 06-Ti02 film, 07-A1 film, 08-Ti sheet .

[0032]结合以下实施例对本发明作进一步描述。 [0032] The following embodiments in conjunction with the present invention will be further described.

[0033] 实施例1: [0033] Example 1:

[0034]如图1所示,本发明的实施例所提供的一种可实现连续工作的环境监控系统,其特征在于,所述环境监控系统外表面安装有聚合物太阳能电池,该聚合物太阳能电池的ITO玻璃一面朝外侧安装,该聚合物太阳能电池通过导线与环境监控系统连接;所述聚合物太阳能电池为三明治结构,由阳极电极、有机活性层、阴极电极组成;所述阳极电极由外到内依次为ITO玻璃(01)、W0x薄膜(02)、W0x纳米线薄膜(04)、PED0T:PSS缓冲层(03),其中,W0x纳米线薄膜(04)生长于WOx薄膜(02)之上,PED0T:PSS缓冲层(03)填充于纳米线结构之间,并且纳米线长度大于PED0T:PSS缓冲层(03)厚度;所述有机活性层(05)位于阳极电极和阴极电极之间,有机活性层(05)厚度为500nm;所述阴极电极由外到内依次为Ti片(08)、A1膜(07)、T12 薄膜(06)。 [0034] As shown in FIG. 1, the embodiment of the present invention to provide an environmental monitoring system may be implemented in continuous operation, characterized in that the outer surface of the environment monitoring system attached polymer solar cells, polymer solar ITO glass side of the battery toward the outer mounting, the polymer solar cells are connected by wire and environmental monitoring systems; said polymer sandwich structure is a solar cell, an anode electrode, an organic active layer, a cathode electrode composition; the anode electrode by a outside to the order of ITO glass (01), W0x film (02), W0x nanowire film (04), PED0T: PSS buffer layer (03), wherein, W0x nanowire film (04) grown in WOx film (02) above, PED0T: PSS buffer layer (03) is filled in between the nanowire structure, and the nanowire length is greater than PED0T: PSS buffer layer (03) thickness; the organic active layer (05) located between the anode and cathode electrodes organic active layer (05) having a thickness of 500 nm; the cathode electrode sequentially from outside to inside is Ti sheet (08), A1 film (07), T12 the thin film (06).

[0035]优选地,所述聚合物太阳能电池模块的制备方法如下: [0035] Preferably, the polymer is a solar cell module was prepared as follows:

[0036] 步骤一,清洗ITO玻璃(OI):取购买的商用ITO玻璃(OI),其对可见光的透射率达到85%以上,将其裁剪成预定尺寸;用浸湿丙酮的超净布擦拭干净,然后经过丙酮、乙醇、去离子水的超声清洗,每步清洗时间均为Ih,清洗过后放入真空烘箱中干燥;将洗净并干燥好的ITO基底放入臭氧清洗机中,臭氧清洗30min; [0036] Step a cleaning ITO glass (OI): take the later commercial ITO glass (the OI), its visible light transmittance of 85% or more, which was cut into a predetermined size; wiped clean with a cloth soaked in acetone clean, then through acetone, ethanol, deionized water ultrasonic cleaning, cleaning time per step are Ih is, after cleaning and dried in a vacuum oven; good wash and dry the ITO substrate cleaning machine into ozone, ozone cleaning 30min;

[0037]步骤二,制备WOx薄膜(02)及WOx纳米线薄膜(04):将清洗后的ITO玻璃放入磁控溅射仪中,抽真空至本底真空为5 X 10_4pa以下,设定Ar、02流量为20sccm、2sccm,待气体稳定后,磁控溅射W膜,溅射功率为320W,厚度为10nm;将磁控溅射后的ITO基底放入管式炉中,在380°C下热氧化生长WOx纳米线,保温时间为lh,如此在WOx薄膜(02)表面得到WOx纳米线薄膜(04); [0037] Step II Preparation of WOx film (02) and the WOx film of nanowires (04): The cleaned ITO glass placed in a magnetron sputtering device, evacuated to a background vacuum of 5 X 10_4pa hereinafter set ar, 02 flow rate of 20 sccm, 2 sccm, until the gas is stable, the W film magnetron sputtering, sputtering power of 320W, a thickness of 10 nm; the substrate after the ITO sputtering placed in a tube furnace at 380 ° the thermal oxide growth WOx C nanowires, LH holding time, the case (02) to give the surface WOx nanowire film (04) in the WOx film;

[0038] 步骤三,旋涂PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03):从冰箱取出PEDOT: PSS溶液自然解冻至室温,在ITO基底上滴定PEDOT: PSS溶液,使其覆盖ITO基底表面,然后将基底放在匀胶机上,设定转速为2800r/min,旋涂时间为55S,PED0T:PSS缓冲层厚度为40nm,然后将其放入真空烘箱中120 °C烘烤1min,使PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)凝固; [0038] Step three, spin-coating PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03): removed from the refrigerator PEDOT: PSS solution was naturally thawed to room temperature and titrated on the ITO substrate PEDOT: PSS solution, ITO so as to cover the surface of the substrate, the substrate is then put in the spin coater, the set rotational speed of 2800r / min, a spin-coating time is 55S, PED0T: PSS buffer layer having a thickness of 40nm, and then placed in a vacuum oven at 120 ° C bake 1min, that the PEDOT: PSS buffer layer ( 03) solidified;

[0039]步骤四,制备有机活性层(05):本方案有机活性层采用PCDTBT/PC71BM,称取PCDTBT: PC71BM质量比为1:4,以氯苯为溶剂,配制溶液,其中PCDTBT的浓度为5mg/ml,将溶液在65°C水浴中加热并搅拌,以充分溶解;随后将配制好的有机活性层滴定到ITO基底上,并放于在匀胶机上,旋涂转速为900r/min,旋涂时间为38s,即可得到有机活性层(05); [0039] Step 4 Preparation of the organic active layer (05): This embodiment uses the organic active layer PCDTBT / PC71BM, weighed PCDTBT: PC71BM mass ratio of 1: 4, chlorobenzene as a solvent to prepare a solution, wherein the concentration of PCDTBT 5mg / ml, the solution was heated at 65 ° C in a water bath and stirred to fully dissolve; then the prepared organic active layer was titrated onto the ITO substrate, and placed on a spin coater, spin coating speed of 900r / min, spin-coating time is 38s, the organic active layer (05) can be obtained;

[0040]步骤五,组装阴极电极: [0040] Step five, the cathode electrode assembly:

[0041] I)阴极电极采用重量轻,柔性好的Ti片(08),裁剪Ti片,使其与ITO基底尺寸相同,Ti片厚度为0.1mm,将其浸渍在0.1M的HCl溶液中,时间为2.5h,然后用水和乙醇清洗,然后利用磁控溅射方法在其表面蒸镀一层Al膜(07),溅射功率为300W,工作气压为1.0Pa,溅射Al膜厚度为10nm; [0041] I) a cathode electrode using lightweight, flexible sheet good Ti (08), cut sheet Ti, ITO substrates reacted with the same size, the sheet thickness Ti of 0.1mm, was immersed in a 0.1M HCl solution in, time was 2.5h, then washed with water and ethanol, and then deposited by magnetron sputtering an Al film (07) on its surface, sputtering power of 300W, operating pressure of 1.0 Pa, sputtering, an Al film having a thickness of 10nm ;

[0042] 2)取50mL钛酸丁酯(Ti(0C4H9)4)和6mL氢氟酸(HF,浓度为40%)加入到200mL的聚四氟乙稀水热斧中,室温下搅拌均匀后,在170°C下水热12小时。 [0042] 2) taking 50mL butyl titanate (Ti (0C4H9) 4) and 6mL hydrofluoric acid (the HF, 40% concentration) was added to 200mL of PTFE ax in hot water, even after stirring at room temperature , hot water at 170 ° C for 12 hours. 其中,钛与氟的摩尔比为I,水热反应完成后,将所得的T12沉淀溶于300mL乙醇溶液中,搅拌均匀,将ITO基底的有机活性层一端浸入溶有Ti02乙醇溶液中,然后在勾胶机上300r/min下旋转12s,得到一层1nm左右的T12薄膜(06),然后放入真空烘箱60 °C烘烤2min; Wherein the molar ratio of titanium and fluorine as I, after the completion of the hydrothermal reaction, the resulting precipitate was dissolved in 300mL T12 ethanol solution and stirred well, the organic active layer ITO substrate was immersed in an end Ti02 dissolved in ethanol, and then rotating at 300r / min on a hook melter 12S, obtained about 1nm T12 film layer (06), and then placed in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C 2min baking;

[0043] 3)将阴极电极Ti片覆盖在ITO玻璃(01)上,使得阴极电极Al膜(07)—端与ITO玻璃上有机活性层(05)—端接触, [0043] 3) Ti cathode electrode covered on the ITO glass plate (01), a cathode electrode such that an Al film (07) - on the end of the organic active layer and ITO glass (05) - end contacts,

[0044]步骤六,引线及封装:将导线连接到ITO电极与阴极电极,并用环氧树脂对器件进行封装,放入固化炉中70 0C下处理25min。 [0044] Step six, the lead and the package: the connecting wire to the ITO electrode and the cathode electrode, and the device is encapsulated with an epoxy resin, placed in a curing oven at 70 0C process 25min.

[0045]聚合物太阳能模块测试结果 [0045] The test results of polymer solar module

[0046]对WOx薄膜表面WOx纳米线长度测量,得到其长度值约为200nm;由于太阳能电池是能量转换器件,其性能的测量要以太阳光为基准,用太阳模拟光,在AMl.5G的标准光谱下进行性能测试,该器件短路电流密度约14.15mA/cm2,开路电压约0.95V,能量转换效率(PCE)可达7.9% ;重复测量500h后其电流衰减小于10%,在大气中放置50天后,测试其能量转换效率衰减为初始值的91 %。 [0046] The length measurement nanowire film surface WOx WOx, to give a length value of about 200 nm; Since the solar cell is an energy conversion device, which measures performance as a reference to sunlight, solar-simulated light, the standard AMl.5G spectral performance test carried out, the device short circuit current density of about 14.15mA / cm2, an open circuit voltage of about 0.95V, the energy conversion efficiency (PCE) of up to 7.9%; repeated measures its current decay after 500h less than 10%, 50 placed in the air days were tested for attenuation of energy conversion efficiency of 91% of the initial value.

[0047]测试表明,该发明的环境监控系统对太阳光的能量转换效率可达7.9%,能够高效的利用环境监控系统所处环境的太阳能,稳定性良好,并且循环工作时间、寿命较长,大大减小了对电网电能的依赖,有效节约了电网电能。 [0047] The tests show that the environmental monitoring system of the invention, the energy conversion efficiency of up to 7.9% of sunlight can be efficiently utilizing solar energy of the environment monitoring system environment, good stability, and the work cycle time, longer life, greatly reduces the dependence on the power grid, the grid effectively save energy.

[0048] 实施例2 [0048] Example 2

[0049]本发明的实施例所提供的一种可实现连续工作的环境监控系统,其特征在于,所述环境监控系统外表面安装有聚合物太阳能电池,该聚合物太阳能电池的ITO玻璃一面朝外侧安装,该聚合物太阳能电池通过导线与环境监控系统连接;所述聚合物太阳能电池为三明治结构,由阳极电极、有机活性层、阴极电极组成;所述阳极电极由外到内依次为ITO玻璃(01)、W0X薄膜(02)、W0X纳米线薄膜(04)、PED0T:PSS缓冲层(03),其中,W0X纳米线薄膜 Example [0049] The present invention may be implemented to provide an environment monitoring system operating continuously, characterized in that the outer surface of the environment monitoring system attached polymer solar cells, polymer solar cells of the ITO glass side installation outward, the polymer solar cells are connected by wire and environmental monitoring systems; said polymer sandwich structure is a solar cell, an anode electrode, an organic active layer, a cathode electrode composition; the anode electrode sequentially from outside to inside an ITO glass (01), W0X film (02), W0X nanowire film (04), PED0T: PSS buffer layer (03), wherein, W0X nanowire film

(04)生长于WOx薄膜(02)之上,PED0T:PSS缓冲层(03)填充于纳米线结构之间,并且纳米线长度大于PED0T:PSS缓冲层(03)厚度;所述有机活性层(05)位于阳极电极和阴极电极之间,有机活性层(05)厚度为400nm;所述阴极电极由外到内依次为Ti片(08))1膜(07)、1102薄膜(06)。 (04) grown on the WOx film (02), PED0T: PSS buffer layer (03) is filled in between the nanowire structure, and the nanowire length is greater than PED0T: PSS buffer layer (03) thickness; the organic active layer ( 05) is located between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode, the organic active layer (05) having a thickness of 400 nm; the cathode electrode from the outer to the inner sheet followed by Ti (08)) a membrane (07), 1102 film (06).

[0050]优选地,所述聚合物太阳能电池模块的制备方法如下: [0050] Preferably, the polymer is a solar cell module was prepared as follows:

[0051 ] 步骤一,清洗ITO玻璃(OI):取购买的商用ITO玻璃(OI),其对可见光的透射率达到85%以上,将其裁剪成预定尺寸;用浸湿丙酮的超净布擦拭干净,然后经过丙酮、乙醇、去离子水的超声清洗,每步清洗时间均为Ih,清洗过后放入真空烘箱中干燥;将洗净并干燥好的ITO基底放入臭氧清洗机中,臭氧清洗30min; [0051] Step a cleaning ITO glass (OI): take the later commercial ITO glass (the OI), its visible light transmittance of 85% or more, which was cut into a predetermined size; wiped clean with a cloth soaked in acetone clean, then through acetone, ethanol, deionized water ultrasonic cleaning, cleaning time per step are Ih is, after cleaning and dried in a vacuum oven; good wash and dry the ITO substrate cleaning machine into ozone, ozone cleaning 30min;

[0052]步骤二,制备WOx薄膜(02)及WOx纳米线薄膜(04):将清洗后的ITO玻璃放入磁控溅射仪中,抽真空至本底真空为5 X 10_4pa以下,设定Ar、02流量为20sccm、2sccm,待气体稳定后,磁控溅射W膜,溅射功率为300W,厚度为10nm;将磁控溅射后的ITO基底放入管式炉中,在380°C下热氧化生长WOx纳米线,保温时间为lh,如此在WOx薄膜(02)表面得到WOx纳米线薄膜(04); [0052] Step II Preparation of WOx film (02) and the WOx film of nanowires (04): The cleaned ITO glass placed in a magnetron sputtering device, evacuated to a background vacuum of 5 X 10_4pa hereinafter set ar, 02 flow rate of 20 sccm, 2 sccm, until the gas is stable, the W film magnetron sputtering, sputtering power of 300W, a thickness of 10 nm; the substrate after the ITO sputtering placed in a tube furnace at 380 ° the thermal oxide growth WOx C nanowires, LH holding time, the case (02) to give the surface WOx nanowire film (04) in the WOx film;

[0053] 步骤三,旋涂PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03):从冰箱取出PEDOT: PSS溶液自然解冻至室温,在ITO基底上滴定PEDOT: PSS溶液,使其覆盖ITO基底表面,然后将基底放在匀胶机上,设定转速为2800r/min,旋涂时间为55S,PED0T:PSS缓冲层厚度为40nm,然后将其放入真空烘箱中120 °C烘烤1min,使PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)凝固; [0053] Step three, spin-coating PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03): removed from the refrigerator PEDOT: PSS solution was naturally thawed to room temperature and titrated on the ITO substrate PEDOT: PSS solution, ITO so as to cover the surface of the substrate, the substrate is then put in the spin coater, the set rotational speed of 2800r / min, a spin-coating time is 55S, PED0T: PSS buffer layer having a thickness of 40nm, and then placed in a vacuum oven at 120 ° C bake 1min, that the PEDOT: PSS buffer layer ( 03) solidified;

[0054]步骤四,制备有机活性层(05):本方案有机活性层采用PCDTBT/PC71BM,称取PCDTBT: PC71BM质量比为1:4,以氯苯为溶剂,配制溶液,其中PCDTBT的浓度为5mg/ml,将溶液在65°C水浴中加热并搅拌,以充分溶解;随后将配制好的有机活性层滴定到ITO基底上,并放于在匀胶机上,旋涂转速为900r/min,旋涂时间为38s,即可得到有机活性层(05); [0054] Step 4 Preparation of the organic active layer (05): This embodiment uses the organic active layer PCDTBT / PC71BM, weighed PCDTBT: PC71BM mass ratio of 1: 4, chlorobenzene as a solvent to prepare a solution, wherein the concentration of PCDTBT 5mg / ml, the solution was heated at 65 ° C in a water bath and stirred to fully dissolve; then the prepared organic active layer was titrated onto the ITO substrate, and placed on a spin coater, spin coating speed of 900r / min, spin-coating time is 38s, the organic active layer (05) can be obtained;

[0055]步骤五,组装阴极电极: [0055] Step five, the cathode electrode assembly:

[0056] I)阴极电极采用重量轻,柔性好的Ti片(08),裁剪Ti片,使其与ITO基底尺寸相同,Ti片厚度为0.1mm,将其浸渍在0.1M的HCl溶液中,时间为2.5h,然后用水和乙醇清洗,然后利用磁控溅射方法在其表面蒸镀一层Al膜(07),溅射功率为300W,工作气压为1.0Pa,溅射Al膜厚度为10nm; [0056] I) a cathode electrode using lightweight, flexible sheet good Ti (08), cut sheet Ti, ITO substrates reacted with the same size, the sheet thickness Ti of 0.1mm, was immersed in a 0.1M HCl solution in, time was 2.5h, then washed with water and ethanol, and then deposited by magnetron sputtering an Al film (07) on its surface, sputtering power of 300W, operating pressure of 1.0 Pa, sputtering, an Al film having a thickness of 10nm ;

[0057] 2)取50mL钛酸丁酯(Ti (0C4H9)4)和6mL氢氟酸(HF,浓度为40 % )加入到200mL的聚四氟乙稀水热斧中,室温下搅拌均匀后,在170°C下水热12小时。 [0057] 2) taking 50mL butyl titanate (Ti (0C4H9) 4) and 6mL hydrofluoric acid (the HF, 40% concentration) was added to 200mL of PTFE ax in hot water, even after stirring at room temperature , hot water at 170 ° C for 12 hours. 其中,钛与氟的摩尔比为I,水热反应完成后,将所得的T12沉淀溶于300mL乙醇溶液中,搅拌均匀,将ITO基底的有机活性层一端浸入溶有Ti02乙醇溶液中,然后在勾胶机上300r/min下旋转12s,得到一层1nm左右的T12薄膜(06),然后放入真空烘箱60 °C烘烤2min; Wherein the molar ratio of titanium and fluorine as I, after the completion of the hydrothermal reaction, the resulting precipitate was dissolved in 300mL T12 ethanol solution and stirred well, the organic active layer ITO substrate was immersed in an end Ti02 dissolved in ethanol, and then rotating at 300r / min on a hook melter 12S, obtained about 1nm T12 film layer (06), and then placed in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C 2min baking;

[0058] 3)将阴极电极Ti片覆盖在ITO玻璃(01)上,使得阴极电极Al膜(07)—端与ITO玻璃上有机活性层(05)—端接触, [0058] 3) Ti cathode electrode covered on the ITO glass plate (01), a cathode electrode such that an Al film (07) - on the end of the organic active layer and ITO glass (05) - end contacts,

[0059]步骤六,引线及封装:将导线连接到ITO电极与阴极电极,并用环氧树脂对器件进行封装,放入固化炉中70 0C下处理25min。 [0059] Step six, the lead and the package: the connecting wire to the ITO electrode and the cathode electrode, and the device is encapsulated with an epoxy resin, placed in a curing oven at 70 0C process 25min.

[0060]聚合物太阳能模块测试结果 [0060] Test results of polymer solar module

[0061 ]对WOx薄膜表面WOx纳米线长度测量,得到其长度值约为200nm;由于太阳能电池是能量转换器件,其性能的测量要以太阳光为基准,用太阳模拟光,在AMl.5G的标准光谱下进行性能测试,该器件短路电流密度约14.06mA/cm2,开路电压约0.95V,能量转换效率(PCE)可达7.7% ;重复测量500h后其电流衰减小于10%,在大气中放置50天后,测试其能量转换效率衰减为初始值的90%。 [0061] The length measurement nanowire film surface WOx WOx, to give a length value of about 200 nm; Since the solar cell is an energy conversion device, which measures performance as a reference to sunlight, solar-simulated light, the standard AMl.5G spectral performance test carried out, the device short circuit current density of about 14.06mA / cm2, an open circuit voltage of about 0.95V, the energy conversion efficiency (PCE) of up to 7.7%; repeated measures its current decay after 500h less than 10%, 50 placed in the air days later, the test energy conversion efficiency of 90% attenuation of the initial value.

[0062]测试表明,该发明的环境监控系统对太阳光的能量转换效率可达7.7%,能够高效的利用环境监控系统所处环境的太阳能,稳定性良好,并且循环工作时间、寿命较长,大大减小了对电网电能的依赖,有效节约了电网电能。 [0062] The tests show that the environmental monitoring system of the invention, the energy conversion efficiency of up to 7.7% of sunlight can be efficiently utilizing solar energy of the environment monitoring system environment, good stability, and the work cycle time, longer life, greatly reduces the dependence on the power grid, the grid effectively save energy.

[0063] 实施例3: [0063] Example 3:

[0064] —种可实现连续工作的环境监控系统,其特征在于,所述环境监控系统外表面安装有聚合物太阳能电池,该聚合物太阳能电池的ITO玻璃一面朝外侧安装,该聚合物太阳能电池通过导线与环境监控系统连接;所述聚合物太阳能电池为三明治结构,由阳极电极、有机活性层、阴极电极组成;所述阳极电极由外到内依次为ITO玻璃(01)、W0x薄膜(02)、W0x纳米线薄膜(04)、PED0T:PSS缓冲层(03),其中,WOx纳米线薄膜(04)生长于TOx薄膜(02)之上,PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)填充于纳米线结构之间,并且纳米线长度大于PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)厚度;所述有机活性层(05)位于阳极电极和阴极电极之间,有机活性层(05)厚度为300nm;所述阴极电极由外到内依次为Ti片(08)、A1膜(07)、Ti02薄膜(06)。 [0064] - species can be continuous monitoring system operating environment, characterized in that the outer surface of the environment monitoring system attached polymer solar cells, polymer solar cells the ITO glass side toward the outer mounting, the polymer solar through a wire connected to the battery environment monitoring system; said polymer sandwich structure is a solar cell, an anode electrode, an organic active layer, a cathode electrode composition; the anode electrode sequentially from outside to inside as ITO glass (01), W0x film ( 02), W0x nanowire film (04), PED0T: PSS buffer layer (03), wherein, of WOx nanowire film (04) grown in TOx film (above 02), PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03) is filled nano between the line structure, and the nanowire length is greater than PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03) thickness; the organic active layer (05) positioned between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode, the organic active layer (05) having a thickness of 300 nm; the cathode order from outside to inside the electrode is Ti sheet (08), A1 film (07), Ti02 film (06).

[0065]优选地,所述聚合物太阳能电池模块的制备方法如下: [0065] Preferably, the polymer is a solar cell module was prepared as follows:

[0066] 步骤一,清洗ITO玻璃(OI):取购买的商用ITO玻璃(OI),其对可见光的透射率达到85%以上,将其裁剪成预定尺寸;用浸湿丙酮的超净布擦拭干净,然后经过丙酮、乙醇、去离子水的超声清洗,每步清洗时间均为Ih,清洗过后放入真空烘箱中干燥;将洗净并干燥好的ITO基底放入臭氧清洗机中,臭氧清洗30min; [0066] Step a cleaning ITO glass (OI): take the later commercial ITO glass (the OI), its visible light transmittance of 85% or more, which was cut into a predetermined size; wiped clean with a cloth soaked in acetone clean, then through acetone, ethanol, deionized water ultrasonic cleaning, cleaning time per step are Ih is, after cleaning and dried in a vacuum oven; good wash and dry the ITO substrate cleaning machine into ozone, ozone cleaning 30min;

[0067]步骤二,制备WOx薄膜(02)及WOx纳米线薄膜(04):将清洗后的ITO玻璃放入磁控溅射仪中,抽真空至本底真空为5 X 10_4pa以下,设定Ar、02流量为20sccm、2sccm,待气体稳定后,磁控溅射W膜,溅射功率为320W,厚度为10nm;将磁控溅射后的ITO基底放入管式炉中,在380°C下热氧化生长WOx纳米线,保温时间为lh,如此在WOx薄膜(02)表面得到WOx纳米线薄膜(04); [0067] Step II Preparation of WOx film (02) and the WOx film of nanowires (04): The cleaned ITO glass placed in a magnetron sputtering device, evacuated to a background vacuum of 5 X 10_4pa hereinafter set ar, 02 flow rate of 20 sccm, 2 sccm, until the gas is stable, the W film magnetron sputtering, sputtering power of 320W, a thickness of 10 nm; the substrate after the ITO sputtering placed in a tube furnace at 380 ° the thermal oxide growth WOx C nanowires, LH holding time, the case (02) to give the surface WOx nanowire film (04) in the WOx film;

[0068] 步骤三,旋涂PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03):从冰箱取出PEDOT: PSS溶液自然解冻至室温,在ITO基底上滴定PEDOT: PSS溶液,使其覆盖ITO基底表面,然后将基底放在匀胶机上,设定转速为2800r/min,旋涂时间为55S,PED0T:PSS缓冲层厚度为40nm,然后将其放入真空烘箱中120 °C烘烤1min,使PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)凝固; [0068] Step three, spin-coating PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03): removed from the refrigerator PEDOT: PSS solution was naturally thawed to room temperature and titrated on the ITO substrate PEDOT: PSS solution, ITO so as to cover the surface of the substrate, the substrate is then put in the spin coater, the set rotational speed of 2800r / min, a spin-coating time is 55S, PED0T: PSS buffer layer having a thickness of 40nm, and then placed in a vacuum oven at 120 ° C bake 1min, that the PEDOT: PSS buffer layer ( 03) solidified;

[0069]步骤四,制备有机活性层(05):本方案有机活性层采用PCDTBT/PC71BM,称取PCDTBT: PC71BM质量比为1:4,以氯苯为溶剂,配制溶液,其中PCDTBT的浓度为5mg/ml,将溶液在65°C水浴中加热并搅拌,以充分溶解;随后将配制好的有机活性层滴定到ITO基底上,并放于在匀胶机上,旋涂转速为900r/min,旋涂时间为38s,即可得到有机活性层(05); [0069] Step 4 Preparation of the organic active layer (05): This embodiment uses the organic active layer PCDTBT / PC71BM, weighed PCDTBT: PC71BM mass ratio of 1: 4, chlorobenzene as a solvent to prepare a solution, wherein the concentration of PCDTBT 5mg / ml, the solution was heated at 65 ° C in a water bath and stirred to fully dissolve; then the prepared organic active layer was titrated onto the ITO substrate, and placed on a spin coater, spin coating speed of 900r / min, spin-coating time is 38s, the organic active layer (05) can be obtained;

[0070]步骤五,组装阴极电极: [0070] Step five, the cathode electrode assembly:

[0071] I)阴极电极采用重量轻,柔性好的Ti片(08),裁剪Ti片,使其与ITO基底尺寸相同,Ti片厚度为0.1mm,将其浸渍在0.1M的HCl溶液中,时间为2.5h,然后用水和乙醇清洗,然后利用磁控溅射方法在其表面蒸镀一层Al膜(07),溅射功率为300W,工作气压为1.0Pa,溅射Al膜厚度为10nm; [0071] I) a cathode electrode using lightweight, flexible sheet good Ti (08), cut sheet Ti, ITO substrates reacted with the same size, the sheet thickness Ti of 0.1mm, was immersed in a 0.1M HCl solution in, time was 2.5h, then washed with water and ethanol, and then deposited by magnetron sputtering an Al film (07) on its surface, sputtering power of 300W, operating pressure of 1.0 Pa, sputtering, an Al film having a thickness of 10nm ;

[0072] 2)取50mL钛酸丁酯(Ti(0C4H9)4)和6mL氢氟酸(HF,浓度为40%)加入到200mL的聚四氟乙稀水热斧中,室温下搅拌均匀后,在170°C下水热12小时。 [0072] 2) taking 50mL butyl titanate (Ti (0C4H9) 4) and 6mL hydrofluoric acid (the HF, 40% concentration) was added to 200mL of PTFE ax in hot water, even after stirring at room temperature , hot water at 170 ° C for 12 hours. 其中,钛与氟的摩尔比为I,水热反应完成后,将所得的T12沉淀溶于300mL乙醇溶液中,搅拌均匀,将ITO基底的有机活性层一端浸入溶有Ti02乙醇溶液中,然后在勾胶机上300r/min下旋转12s,得到一层1nm左右的T12薄膜(06),然后放入真空烘箱60 °C烘烤2min; Wherein the molar ratio of titanium and fluorine as I, after the completion of the hydrothermal reaction, the resulting precipitate was dissolved in 300mL T12 ethanol solution and stirred well, the organic active layer ITO substrate was immersed in an end Ti02 dissolved in ethanol, and then rotating at 300r / min on a hook melter 12S, obtained about 1nm T12 film layer (06), and then placed in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C 2min baking;

[0073] 3)将阴极电极Ti片覆盖在ITO玻璃(01)上,使得阴极电极Al膜(07)—端与ITO玻璃上有机活性层(05)—端接触, [0073] 3) Ti cathode electrode covered on the ITO glass plate (01), a cathode electrode such that an Al film (07) - on the end of the organic active layer and ITO glass (05) - end contacts,

[0074]步骤六,引线及封装:将导线连接到ITO电极与阴极电极,并用环氧树脂对器件进行封装,放入固化炉中70 0C下处理25min。 [0074] Step six, the lead and the package: the connecting wire to the ITO electrode and the cathode electrode, and the device is encapsulated with an epoxy resin, placed in a curing oven at 70 0C process 25min.

[0075]聚合物太阳能模块测试结果 [0075] Test results of polymer solar module

[0076]对WOx薄膜表面WOx纳米线长度测量,得到其长度值约为200nm;由于太阳能电池是能量转换器件,其性能的测量要以太阳光为基准,用太阳模拟光,在AMl.5G的标准光谱下进行性能测试,该器件短路电流密度约14.15mA/cm2,开路电压约0.95V,能量转换效率(PCE)可达7.9% ;重复测量500h后其电流衰减小于10%,在大气中放置50天后,测试其能量转换效率衰减为初始值的91 %。 [0076] The length measurement nanowire film surface WOx WOx, to give a length value of about 200 nm; Since the solar cell is an energy conversion device, which measures performance as a reference to sunlight, solar-simulated light, the standard AMl.5G spectral performance test carried out, the device short circuit current density of about 14.15mA / cm2, an open circuit voltage of about 0.95V, the energy conversion efficiency (PCE) of up to 7.9%; repeated measures its current decay after 500h less than 10%, 50 placed in the air days were tested for attenuation of energy conversion efficiency of 91% of the initial value.

[0077]测试表明,该发明的环境监控系统对太阳光的能量转换效率可达7.9%,能够高效的利用环境监控系统所处环境的太阳能,稳定性良好,并且循环工作时间、寿命较长,大大减小了对电网电能的依赖,有效节约了电网电能。 [0077] The tests show that the environmental monitoring system of the invention, the energy conversion efficiency of up to 7.9% of sunlight can be efficiently utilizing solar energy of the environment monitoring system environment, good stability, and the work cycle time, longer life, greatly reduces the dependence on the power grid, the grid effectively save energy.

[0078] 实施例4 [0078] Example 4

[0079] —种可实现连续工作的环境监控系统,其特征在于,所述环境监控系统外表面安装有聚合物太阳能电池,该聚合物太阳能电池的ITO玻璃一面朝外侧安装,该聚合物太阳能电池通过导线与环境监控系统连接;所述聚合物太阳能电池为三明治结构,由阳极电极、有机活性层、阴极电极组成;所述阳极电极由外到内依次为ITO玻璃(01)、W0x薄膜(02)、W0x纳米线薄膜(04)、PED0T:PSS缓冲层(03),其中,WOx纳米线薄膜(04)生长于TOx薄膜(02)之上,PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)填充于纳米线结构之间,并且纳米线长度大于PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)厚度;所述有机活性层(05)位于阳极电极和阴极电极之间,有机活性层(05)厚度为450nm;所述阴极电极由外到内依次为Ti片(08)、A1膜(07)、Ti02薄膜(06)。 [0079] - species can be continuous monitoring system operating environment, characterized in that the outer surface of the environment monitoring system attached polymer solar cells, polymer solar cells the ITO glass side toward the outer mounting, the polymer solar through a wire connected to the battery environment monitoring system; said polymer sandwich structure is a solar cell, an anode electrode, an organic active layer, a cathode electrode composition; the anode electrode sequentially from outside to inside as ITO glass (01), W0x film ( 02), W0x nanowire film (04), PED0T: PSS buffer layer (03), wherein, of WOx nanowire film (04) grown in TOx film (above 02), PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03) is filled nano between the line structure, and the nanowire length is greater than PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03) thickness; the organic active layer (05) positioned between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode, the organic active layer (05) of a thickness of 450 nm; the cathode order from outside to inside the electrode is Ti sheet (08), A1 film (07), Ti02 film (06).

[0080]优选地,所述聚合物太阳能电池模块的制备方法如下: [0080] Preferably, the polymer is a solar cell module was prepared as follows:

[0081 ]步骤一,清洗ITO玻璃(OI):取购买的商用ITO玻璃(OI),其对可见光的透射率达到85%以上,将其裁剪成预定尺寸;用浸湿丙酮的超净布擦拭干净,然后经过丙酮、乙醇、去离子水的超声清洗,每步清洗时间均为Ih,清洗过后放入真空烘箱中干燥;将洗净并干燥好的ITO基底放入臭氧清洗机中,臭氧清洗30min; [0081] Step a cleaning ITO glass (OI): take the later commercial ITO glass (the OI), its visible light transmittance of 85% or more, which was cut into a predetermined size; wiped clean with a cloth soaked in acetone clean, then through acetone, ethanol, deionized water ultrasonic cleaning, cleaning time per step are Ih is, after cleaning and dried in a vacuum oven; good wash and dry the ITO substrate cleaning machine into ozone, ozone cleaning 30min;

[0082]步骤二,制备WOx薄膜(02)及WOx纳米线薄膜(04):将清洗后的ITO玻璃放入磁控溅射仪中,抽真空至本底真空为5 X 10_4pa以下,设定Ar、02流量为20sccm、2sccm,待气体稳定后,磁控溅射W膜,溅射功率为320W,厚度为10nm;将磁控溅射后的ITO基底放入管式炉中,在380°C下热氧化生长WOx纳米线,保温时间为lh,如此在WOx薄膜(02)表面得到WOx纳米线薄膜(04); [0082] Step II Preparation of WOx film (02) and the WOx film of nanowires (04): The cleaned ITO glass placed in a magnetron sputtering device, evacuated to a background vacuum of 5 X 10_4pa hereinafter set ar, 02 flow rate of 20 sccm, 2 sccm, until the gas is stable, the W film magnetron sputtering, sputtering power of 320W, a thickness of 10 nm; the substrate after the ITO sputtering placed in a tube furnace at 380 ° the thermal oxide growth WOx C nanowires, LH holding time, the case (02) to give the surface WOx nanowire film (04) in the WOx film;

[0083] 步骤三,旋涂PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03):从冰箱取出PEDOT: PSS溶液自然解冻至室温,在ITO基底上滴定PEDOT: PSS溶液,使其覆盖ITO基底表面,然后将基底放在匀胶机上,设定转速为2800r/min,旋涂时间为55S,PED0T:PSS缓冲层厚度为40nm,然后将其放入真空烘箱中120 °C烘烤1min,使PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)凝固; [0083] Step three, spin-coating PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03): removed from the refrigerator PEDOT: PSS solution was naturally thawed to room temperature and titrated on the ITO substrate PEDOT: PSS solution, ITO so as to cover the surface of the substrate, the substrate is then put in the spin coater, the set rotational speed of 2800r / min, a spin-coating time is 55S, PED0T: PSS buffer layer having a thickness of 40nm, and then placed in a vacuum oven at 120 ° C bake 1min, that the PEDOT: PSS buffer layer ( 03) solidified;

[0084]步骤四,制备有机活性层(05):本方案有机活性层采用PCDTBT/PC71BM,称取PCDTBT: PC71BM质量比为1:4,以氯苯为溶剂,配制溶液,其中PCDTBT的浓度为5mg/ml,将溶液在65°C水浴中加热并搅拌,以充分溶解;随后将配制好的有机活性层滴定到ITO基底上,并放于在匀胶机上,旋涂转速为900r/min,旋涂时间为38s,即可得到有机活性层(05); [0084] Step 4 Preparation of the organic active layer (05): This embodiment uses the organic active layer PCDTBT / PC71BM, weighed PCDTBT: PC71BM mass ratio of 1: 4, chlorobenzene as a solvent to prepare a solution, wherein the concentration of PCDTBT 5mg / ml, the solution was heated at 65 ° C in a water bath and stirred to fully dissolve; then the prepared organic active layer was titrated onto the ITO substrate, and placed on a spin coater, spin coating speed of 900r / min, spin-coating time is 38s, the organic active layer (05) can be obtained;

[0085]步骤五,组装阴极电极: [0085] Step five, the cathode electrode assembly:

[0086] I)阴极电极采用重量轻,柔性好的Ti片(08),裁剪Ti片,使其与ITO基底尺寸相同,Ti片厚度为0.1mm,将其浸渍在0.1M的HCl溶液中,时间为2.5h,然后用水和乙醇清洗,然后利用磁控溅射方法在其表面蒸镀一层Al膜(07),溅射功率为300W,工作气压为1.0Pa,溅射Al膜厚度为10nm; [0086] I) a cathode electrode using lightweight, flexible sheet good Ti (08), cut sheet Ti, ITO substrates reacted with the same size, the sheet thickness Ti of 0.1mm, was immersed in a 0.1M HCl solution in, time was 2.5h, then washed with water and ethanol, and then deposited by magnetron sputtering an Al film (07) on its surface, sputtering power of 300W, operating pressure of 1.0 Pa, sputtering, an Al film having a thickness of 10nm ;

[0087] 2)取50mL钛酸丁酯(Ti (0C4H9)4)和6mL氢氟酸(HF,浓度为40 % )加入到200mL的聚四氟乙稀水热斧中,室温下搅拌均匀后,在170°C下水热12小时。 [0087] 2) taking 50mL butyl titanate (Ti (0C4H9) 4) and 6mL hydrofluoric acid (the HF, 40% concentration) was added to 200mL of PTFE ax in hot water, even after stirring at room temperature , hot water at 170 ° C for 12 hours. 其中,钛与氟的摩尔比为I,水热反应完成后,将所得的T12沉淀溶于300mL乙醇溶液中,搅拌均匀,将ITO基底的有机活性层一端浸入溶有Ti02乙醇溶液中,然后在勾胶机上300r/min下旋转12s,得到一层1nm左右的T12薄膜(06),然后放入真空烘箱60 °C烘烤2min; Wherein the molar ratio of titanium and fluorine as I, after the completion of the hydrothermal reaction, the resulting precipitate was dissolved in 300mL T12 ethanol solution and stirred well, the organic active layer ITO substrate was immersed in an end Ti02 dissolved in ethanol, and then rotating at 300r / min on a hook melter 12S, obtained about 1nm T12 film layer (06), and then placed in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C 2min baking;

[0088] 3)将阴极电极Ti片覆盖在ITO玻璃(OI)上,使得阴极电极Al膜(07)—端与ITO玻璃上有机活性层(05)—端接触, [0088] 3) A Ti sheet covering the cathode electrode on the ITO glass (the OI), a cathode electrode such that an Al film (07) - on the end of the organic active layer and ITO glass (05) - end contacts,

[0089]步骤六,引线及封装:将导线连接到ITO电极与阴极电极,并用环氧树脂对器件进行封装,放入固化炉中70 0C下处理25min。 [0089] Step six, the lead and the package: the connecting wire to the ITO electrode and the cathode electrode, and the device is encapsulated with an epoxy resin, placed in a curing oven at 70 0C process 25min.

[0090]聚合物太阳能模块测试结果 [0090] Test results of polymer solar module

[0091]对WOx薄膜表面WOx纳米线长度测量,得到其长度值约为200nm;由于太阳能电池是能量转换器件,其性能的测量要以太阳光为基准,用太阳模拟光,在AMl.5G的标准光谱下进行性能测试,该器件短路电流密度约13.63mA/cm2,开路电压约0.94V,能量转换效率(PCE)可达7.3% ;重复测量500h后其电流衰减小于10%,在大气中放置50天后,测试其能量转换效率衰减为初始值的91 %。 [0091] The length measurement nanowire film surface WOx WOx, to give a length value of about 200 nm; Since the solar cell is an energy conversion device, which measures performance as a reference to sunlight, solar-simulated light, the standard AMl.5G spectral performance test carried out, the device short circuit current density of about 13.63mA / cm2, an open circuit voltage of about 0.94V, the energy conversion efficiency (PCE) of up to 7.3%; repeated measures its current decay after 500h less than 10%, 50 placed in the air days were tested for attenuation of energy conversion efficiency of 91% of the initial value.

[0092]测试表明,该发明的环境监控系统对太阳光的能量转换效率可达7.3%,能够高效的利用环境监控系统所处环境的太阳能,稳定性良好,并且循环工作时间、寿命较长,大大减小了对电网电能的依赖,有效节约了电网电能。 [0092] The tests show that the environmental monitoring system of the invention, the energy conversion efficiency of up to 7.3% of sunlight can be efficiently utilizing solar energy of the environment monitoring system environment, good stability, and the work cycle time, longer life, greatly reduces the dependence on the power grid, the grid effectively save energy.

[0093] 实施例5 [0093] Example 5

[0094] —种可实现连续工作的环境监控系统,其特征在于,所述环境监控系统外表面安装有聚合物太阳能电池,该聚合物太阳能电池的ITO玻璃一面朝外侧安装,该聚合物太阳能电池通过导线与环境监控系统连接;所述聚合物太阳能电池为三明治结构,由阳极电极、有机活性层、阴极电极组成;所述阳极电极由外到内依次为ITO玻璃(01)、W0x薄膜(02)、W0x纳米线薄膜(04)、PED0T:PSS缓冲层(03),其中,WOx纳米线薄膜(04)生长于TOx薄膜(02)之上,PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)填充于纳米线结构之间,并且纳米线长度大于PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)厚度;所述有机活性层(05)位于阳极电极和阴极电极之间,有机活性层(05)厚度为550nm;所述阴极电极由外到内依次为Ti片(08)、A1膜(07)、Ti02薄膜(06)。 [0094] - species can be continuous monitoring system operating environment, characterized in that the outer surface of the environment monitoring system attached polymer solar cells, polymer solar cells the ITO glass side toward the outer mounting, the polymer solar through a wire connected to the battery environment monitoring system; said polymer sandwich structure is a solar cell, an anode electrode, an organic active layer, a cathode electrode composition; the anode electrode sequentially from outside to inside as ITO glass (01), W0x film ( 02), W0x nanowire film (04), PED0T: PSS buffer layer (03), wherein, of WOx nanowire film (04) grown in TOx film (above 02), PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03) is filled nano between the line structure, and the nanowire length is greater than PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03) thickness; the organic active layer (05) positioned between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode, the organic active layer (05) having a thickness of 550 nm; the cathode order from outside to inside the electrode is Ti sheet (08), A1 film (07), Ti02 film (06).

[0095]优选地,所述聚合物太阳能电池模块的制备方法如下: [0095] Preferably, the polymer is a solar cell module was prepared as follows:

[0096] 步骤一,清洗ITO玻璃(OI):取购买的商用ITO玻璃(OI),其对可见光的透射率达到85%以上,将其裁剪成预定尺寸;用浸湿丙酮的超净布擦拭干净,然后经过丙酮、乙醇、去离子水的超声清洗,每步清洗时间均为Ih,清洗过后放入真空烘箱中干燥;将洗净并干燥好的ITO基底放入臭氧清洗机中,臭氧清洗30min; [0096] Step a cleaning ITO glass (OI): take the later commercial ITO glass (the OI), its visible light transmittance of 85% or more, which was cut into a predetermined size; wiped clean with a cloth soaked in acetone clean, then through acetone, ethanol, deionized water ultrasonic cleaning, cleaning time per step are Ih is, after cleaning and dried in a vacuum oven; good wash and dry the ITO substrate cleaning machine into ozone, ozone cleaning 30min;

[0097]步骤二,制备WOx薄膜(02)及WOx纳米线薄膜(04):将清洗后的ITO玻璃放入磁控溅射仪中,抽真空至本底真空为5 X 10_4pa以下,设定Ar、02流量为20sccm、2sccm,待气体稳定后,磁控溅射W膜,溅射功率为320W,厚度为10nm;将磁控溅射后的ITO基底放入管式炉中,在380°C下热氧化生长WOx纳米线,保温时间为lh,如此在WOx薄膜(02)表面得到WOx纳米线薄膜(04); [0097] Step II Preparation of WOx film (02) and the WOx film of nanowires (04): The cleaned ITO glass placed in a magnetron sputtering device, evacuated to a background vacuum of 5 X 10_4pa hereinafter set ar, 02 flow rate of 20 sccm, 2 sccm, until the gas is stable, the W film magnetron sputtering, sputtering power of 320W, a thickness of 10 nm; the substrate after the ITO sputtering placed in a tube furnace at 380 ° the thermal oxide growth WOx C nanowires, LH holding time, the case (02) to give the surface WOx nanowire film (04) in the WOx film;

[0098] 步骤三,旋涂PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03):从冰箱取出PEDOT: PSS溶液自然解冻至室温,在ITO基底上滴定PEDOT: PSS溶液,使其覆盖ITO基底表面,然后将基底放在匀胶机上,设定转速为2800r/min,旋涂时间为55S,PED0T:PSS缓冲层厚度为40nm,然后将其放入真空烘箱中120 °C烘烤1min,使PEDOT: PSS缓冲层(03)凝固; [0098] Step three, spin-coating PEDOT: PSS buffer layer (03): removed from the refrigerator PEDOT: PSS solution was naturally thawed to room temperature and titrated on the ITO substrate PEDOT: PSS solution, ITO so as to cover the surface of the substrate, the substrate is then put in the spin coater, the set rotational speed of 2800r / min, a spin-coating time is 55S, PED0T: PSS buffer layer having a thickness of 40nm, and then placed in a vacuum oven at 120 ° C bake 1min, that the PEDOT: PSS buffer layer ( 03) solidified;

[0099]步骤四,制备有机活性层(05):本方案有机活性层采用PCDTBT/PC71BM,称取PCDTBT: PC71BM质量比为1:4,以氯苯为溶剂,配制溶液,其中PCDTBT的浓度为5mg/ml,将溶液在65°C水浴中加热并搅拌,以充分溶解;随后将配制好的有机活性层滴定到ITO基底上,并放于在匀胶机上,旋涂转速为900r/min,旋涂时间为38s,即可得到有机活性层(05); [0099] Step 4 Preparation of the organic active layer (05): This embodiment uses the organic active layer PCDTBT / PC71BM, weighed PCDTBT: PC71BM mass ratio of 1: 4, chlorobenzene as a solvent to prepare a solution, wherein the concentration of PCDTBT 5mg / ml, the solution was heated at 65 ° C in a water bath and stirred to fully dissolve; then the prepared organic active layer was titrated onto the ITO substrate, and placed on a spin coater, spin coating speed of 900r / min, spin-coating time is 38s, the organic active layer (05) can be obtained;

[0100]步骤五,组装阴极电极: [0100] Step five, the cathode electrode assembly:

[0101] I)阴极电极采用重量轻,柔性好的Ti片(08),裁剪Ti片,使其与ITO基底尺寸相同,Ti片厚度为0.1mm,将其浸渍在0.1M的HCl溶液中,时间为2.5h,然后用水和乙醇清洗,然后利用磁控溅射方法在其表面蒸镀一层Al膜(07),溅射功率为300W,工作气压为1.0Pa,溅射Al膜厚度为10nm; [0101] I) a cathode electrode using lightweight, flexible sheet good Ti (08), cut sheet Ti, ITO substrates reacted with the same size, the sheet thickness Ti of 0.1mm, was immersed in a 0.1M HCl solution in, time was 2.5h, then washed with water and ethanol, and then deposited by magnetron sputtering an Al film (07) on its surface, sputtering power of 300W, operating pressure of 1.0 Pa, sputtering, an Al film having a thickness of 10nm ;

[0102] 2)取50mL钛酸丁酯(Ti(0C4H9)4)和6mL氢氟酸(HF,浓度为40%)加入到200mL的聚四氟乙稀水热斧中,室温下搅拌均匀后,在170°C下水热12小时。 [0102] 2) taking 50mL butyl titanate (Ti (0C4H9) 4) and 6mL hydrofluoric acid (the HF, 40% concentration) was added to 200mL of PTFE ax in hot water, even after stirring at room temperature , hot water at 170 ° C for 12 hours. 其中,钛与氟的摩尔比为I,水热反应完成后,将所得的T12沉淀溶于300mL乙醇溶液中,搅拌均匀,将ITO基底的有机活性层一端浸入溶有Ti02乙醇溶液中,然后在勾胶机上300r/min下旋转12s,得到一层1nm左右的T12薄膜(06),然后放入真空烘箱60 °C烘烤2min; Wherein the molar ratio of titanium and fluorine as I, after the completion of the hydrothermal reaction, the resulting precipitate was dissolved in 300mL T12 ethanol solution and stirred well, the organic active layer ITO substrate was immersed in an end Ti02 dissolved in ethanol, and then rotating at 300r / min on a hook melter 12S, obtained about 1nm T12 film layer (06), and then placed in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C 2min baking;

[0103] 3)将阴极电极Ti片覆盖在ITO玻璃(01)上,使得阴极电极Al膜(07)—端与ITO玻璃上有机活性层(05)—端接触, [0103] 3) Ti cathode electrode covered on the ITO glass plate (01), a cathode electrode such that an Al film (07) - on the end of the organic active layer and ITO glass (05) - end contacts,

[0104]步骤六,引线及封装:将导线连接到ITO电极与阴极电极,并用环氧树脂对器件进行封装,放入固化炉中70 0C下处理25min。 [0104] Step six, the lead and the package: the connecting wire to the ITO electrode and the cathode electrode, and the device is encapsulated with an epoxy resin, placed in a curing oven at 70 0C process 25min.

[0105]聚合物太阳能模块测试结果 [0105] Test results of polymer solar module

[0106]对WOx薄膜表面WOx纳米线长度测量,得到其长度值约为200nm;由于太阳能电池是能量转换器件,其性能的测量要以太阳光为基准,用太阳模拟光,在AMl.5G的标准光谱下进行性能测试,该器件短路电流密度约12.36mA/cm2,开路电压约0.95V,能量转换效率(PCE)可达7.9% ;重复测量500h后其电流衰减小于10%,在大气中放置50天后,测试其能量转换效率衰减为初始值的87%。 [0106] The length measurement nanowire film surface WOx WOx, to give a length value of about 200 nm; Since the solar cell is an energy conversion device, which measures performance as a reference to sunlight, solar-simulated light, the standard AMl.5G spectral performance test carried out, the device short circuit current density of about 12.36mA / cm2, an open circuit voltage of about 0.95V, the energy conversion efficiency (PCE) of up to 7.9%; repeated measures its current decay after 500h less than 10%, 50 placed in the air days were tested for attenuation of energy conversion efficiency of 87% of the initial value.

[0107]测试表明,该发明的环境监控系统对太阳光的能量转换效率可达7.9%,能够高效的利用环境监控系统所处环境的太阳能,稳定性良好,并且循环工作时间、寿命较长,大大减小了对电网电能的依赖,有效节约了电网电能。 [0107] Tests show that the environmental monitoring system of the invention, the energy conversion efficiency of up to 7.9% of sunlight can be efficiently utilizing solar energy of the environment monitoring system environment, good stability, and the work cycle time, longer life, greatly reduces the dependence on the power grid, the grid effectively save energy.

[0108]最后应当说明的是,以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对本发明保护范围的限制,尽管参照较佳实施例对本发明作了详细地说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解,可以对本发明的技术方案进行修改或者等同替换,而不脱离本发明技术方案的实质和范围。 [0108] Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are intended to illustrate the present invention, not to limit the scope of the present invention, although described with reference to the preferred embodiments of the present invention in detail, of ordinary skill in the art It will appreciate that modifications may be made to the technical solutions of the present invention, or equivalent replacements without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1.一种可实现连续工作的环境监控系统,其特征在于,所述环境监控系统外表面安装有聚合物太阳能电池,该聚合物太阳能电池的ITO玻璃一面朝外侧安装,该聚合物太阳能电池通过导线与环境监控系统连接;所述聚合物太阳能电池为三明治结构,由阳极电极、有机活性层、阴极电极组成;所述阳极电极由外到内依次为ITO玻璃、WOx薄膜、WOx纳米线薄膜、PEDOT: PSS缓冲层,其中,WOx纳米线薄膜生长于WOx薄膜之上,PEDOT: PSS缓冲层填充于纳米线结构之间,并且纳米线长度大于PED0T:PSS缓冲层厚度;所述有机活性层位于阳极电极和阴极电极之间,有机活性层厚度为500nm;所述阴极电极由外到内依次为Ti片、Al膜、T12薄膜。 An environmental monitoring system may be implemented in continuous operation, characterized in that the outer surface of the environment monitoring system attached polymer solar cells, polymer solar cells the ITO glass side toward the outer mounting, the polymer solar cell connected by a wire to the environmental monitoring system; said polymer sandwich structure is a solar cell, an anode electrode, an organic active layer, a cathode electrode composition; the anode electrode sequentially from outside to inside as ITO glass, of WOx film, a thin film of nanowires of WOx , PEDOT: PSS buffer layer, wherein, WOx films grown on the nanowire WOx film, PEDOT: PSS buffer layer is filled in between the nanowire structure, and the nanowire length is greater than PED0T: PSS buffer layer thickness; the organic active layer located between the anode electrode and cathode electrode, the organic active layer having a thickness of 500 nm; the cathode electrode from the outer to the inner sheet followed Ti, Al film, T12 the thin film.
2.根据权利要求1所述的环境监控系统,其特征在于,所述聚合物太阳能电池模块的制备方法如下: 步骤一,清洗ITO基底:取购买的商用ITO玻璃,其对可见光的透射率达到85 %以上,将其裁剪成预定尺寸;用浸湿丙酮的超净布擦拭干净,然后经过丙酮、乙醇、去离子水的超声清洗,每步清洗时间均为Ih,清洗过后放入真空烘箱中干燥;将洗净并干燥好的ITO基底放入臭氧清洗机中,臭氧清洗30min; 步骤二,制备WOx薄膜及WOx纳米线薄膜:将清洗后的ITO基底放入磁控溅射仪中,抽真空至本底真空为5 X 10_4pa以下,设定Ar、02流量为20sccm、2sccm,待气体稳定后,磁控派射W膜,溅射功率为320W,厚度为10nm;将磁控溅射后的ITO基底放入管式炉中,在380°C下热氧化生长WOx纳米线,保温时间为Ih,如此在WOx薄膜表面得到WOx纳米线薄膜; 步骤三,旋涂PEDOT: PSS缓冲层:从冰箱取出PEDOT: PS The environmental monitoring system according to claim 1, characterized in that the preparation of polymer solar cell module as follows: a step of cleaning the substrate ITO: ITO take purchase commercial glass, the transmittance of visible light which reaches more than 85%, which was cut into a predetermined size; wipe clean with a clean cloth moistened with acetone, and then through acetone, ethanol, deionized water ultrasonic cleaning, cleaning time per step are Ih is, after cleaning a vacuum oven drying; and the clean ITO substrate was dried good ozone into the washing machine, the ozone cleaning for 30 min; step two, WOx films preparation and WOx nanowire film: the cleaned ITO substrates into a magnetron sputtering apparatus, the suction vacuo to a background vacuum of 5 X 10_4pa hereinafter set Ar, 02 flow rate of 20 sccm, 2 sccm, until the gas is stable, the W film shot sent magnetron sputtering power of 320W, a thickness of 10 nm; after sputtering the ITO substrate placed in a tube furnace at 380 ° C thermal oxide growth WOx nanowires, Ih is the holding time, the nanowire film thus obtained WOx film surface WOx; step three, spin-coating PEDOT: PSS buffer layer: from out of the refrigerator PEDOT: PS S溶液自然解冻至室温,在ITO基底上滴定PEDOT: PSS溶液,使其覆盖ITO基底表面,然后将基底放在匀胶机上,设定转速为2800r/min,旋涂时间为55S,PED0T:PSS缓冲层厚度为40nm,然后将其放入真空烘箱中120°C烘烤1min,使PED0T:PSS缓冲层凝固; 步骤四,制备有机活性层:本方案有机活性层采用PCDTBT/PC71BM,称取PCDTBT: PC71BM质量比为1:4,以氯苯为溶剂,配制溶液,其中P⑶TBT的浓度为5mg/ml,将溶液在65 V水浴中加热并搅拌,以充分溶解;随后将配制好的有机活性层滴定到ITO基底上,并放于在匀胶机上,旋涂转速为900r/min,旋涂时间为38s,即可得到有机活性层; 步骤五,组装阴极电极: 1)阴极电极采用重量轻,柔性好的Ti片,裁剪Ti片,使其与ITO基底尺寸相同,Ti片厚度为0.1mm,将其浸渍在0.1M的HCl溶液中,时间为2.5h,然后用水和乙醇清洗,然后利用磁控溅射方法在其表面蒸镀 S solution was naturally thawed to room temperature and titrated on the ITO substrate PEDOT: PSS solution, ITO so as to cover the surface of the substrate, the substrate is then placed on a spin coater, the set rotational speed of 2800r / min, a spin-coating time is 55S, PED0T: PSS the buffer layer having a thickness of 40nm, and then placed in a vacuum oven at 120 ° C bake 1min, so PED0T: PSS buffer layer solidification; step 4 preparation of the organic active layer: the active layer of the present embodiment uses the organic PCDTBT / PC71BM, weighed PCDTBT : PC71BM mass ratio of 1: 4, chlorobenzene as a solvent to prepare a solution, wherein the concentration of P⑶TBT was 5mg / ml, the solution was heated and stirred a water bath at 65 V, in order to fully dissolve; then the prepared organic active layer titrated onto the ITO substrate, and placed on a spin coater, spin coating speed of 900r / min, the spin-coating time is 38S, the organic active layer can be obtained; step five, the assembly of the cathode electrode: 1) a cathode electrode using a light weight, the flexible sheet good Ti, Ti sheet cutting, to be the same size of the substrate with the ITO, Ti sheet thickness 0.1mm, was immersed in a 0.1M HCl solution, the time was 2.5h, then washed with water and ethanol, and then using magnetic the method of sputter deposition on the surface thereof 层Al膜,溅射功率为300W,工作气压为1.0Pa,溅射Al膜厚度为10nm; 2)取50mL钛酸丁酯(Ti(0C4H9)4)和6mL氢氟酸(HF,浓度为40%)加入到200mL的聚四氟乙稀水热斧中,室温下搅拌均匀后,在170°C下水热12小时。 Layer Al film, a sputtering power of 300W, operating pressure of 1.0 Pa, sputtering, an Al film having a thickness of 10nm; 2) takes 50mL butyl titanate (Ti (0C4H9) 4) and 6mL hydrofluoric acid (the HF, at a concentration of 40 %) was added to 200mL of PTFE hydrothermal ax stirred uniformly at room temperature, hot water at 170 ° C for 12 hours. 其中,钛与氟的摩尔比为I,水热反应完成后,将所得的T12沉淀溶于300mL乙醇溶液中,搅拌均匀,将ITO基底的有机活性层一端浸入溶有Ti02乙醇溶液中,然后在勾胶机上300r/min下旋转12s,得到一层1nm左右的T12薄膜,然后放入真空烘箱60°C烘烤2min; 3)将阴极电极Ti片覆盖在ITO基底上,使得阴极电极Al膜一端与ITO基底上有机活性层一立而接触, 步骤六,引线及封装:将导线连接到ITO电极与阴极电极,并用环氧树脂对器件进行封装,放入固化炉中70°C下处理25min。 Wherein the molar ratio of titanium and fluorine as I, after the completion of the hydrothermal reaction, the resulting precipitate was dissolved in 300mL T12 ethanol solution and stirred well, the organic active layer ITO substrate was immersed in an end Ti02 dissolved in ethanol, and then melter rotating hook 300r / min at 12S, to give a layer of about 1nm T12 film, and then placed in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C baking 2min; 3) Ti sheet covering the cathode electrode on the ITO substrate, so that an end of the cathode electrode film of Al a stand in contact with the organic active layer on the ITO substrate, step six, the lead and the package: the connecting wire to the ITO electrode and the cathode electrode, and the device is encapsulated with an epoxy resin, a curing treatment into an oven 25min at 70 ° C.
CN201610171406.5A 2016-03-24 2016-03-24 Environment monitoring system capable of achieving continuous working CN105679943A (en)

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