CN105676827A - Novel intelligent control and management system designed based on microprocessor - Google Patents

Novel intelligent control and management system designed based on microprocessor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105676827A
CN105676827A CN201610145529.1A CN201610145529A CN105676827A CN 105676827 A CN105676827 A CN 105676827A CN 201610145529 A CN201610145529 A CN 201610145529A CN 105676827 A CN105676827 A CN 105676827A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
circuit
processing unit
central processing
connects
novel intelligent
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CN201610145529.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张小军
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SHISHI GUOGAO ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHISHI GUOGAO ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610145529.1A priority Critical patent/CN105676827A/en
Publication of CN105676827A publication Critical patent/CN105676827A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/418Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM]
    • G05B19/41845Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM] characterised by system universality, reconfigurability, modularity
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/418Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM]
    • G05B19/4185Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM] characterised by the network communication
    • G05B19/4186Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM] characterised by the network communication by protocol, e.g. MAP, TOP

Abstract

The invention discloses a novel intelligent control and management system designed based on a microprocessor. The novel intelligent control and management system comprises a central processor, a storage circuit, a power supply system, a power supply circuit, an indoor main controller, an infrared signal transmitting circuit, a disk drive system, a heating system, a bathroom heater system and an illumination system, wherein the storage circuit is connected with the central processor, and the infrared signal transmitting circuit is connected with the disk drive system, the heating system, the bathroom heater system and the illumination system; a photovoltaic cell panel, a voltage stabilizing circuit and a power supply controller are arranged inside the power supply system, and the power supply controller is connected with the power supply circuit, the disk drive system, the heating system, the bathroom heater system and the illumination system. The novel intelligent control and management system designed based on the microprocessor can perform control on various kinds of controlled assemblies in an intelligent and automatic manner, utilizes a micro-control technology to perform central control processing, reduces system volume and effectively decreases design cost while processing data in a refined manner.

Description

Based on the novel intelligent Control management system of microprocessor Design
Technical field
The present invention relates to intelligence administrative skill field, specifically, it is a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design.
Background technology
The central processing unit that microprocessor is made up of a slice or minority several large-scale integrated circuit. These circuit perform the function of function unit and arithmetic logical unti.
Microprocessor can complete instruction fetch, perform instruction, and operates with extraneous storer and logic unit exchange information etc., is the operation control part of minicomputer. It can form minicomputer with storer and peripheral circuit chip.
Microprocessor, compared with traditional central processing unit, has that volume is little, weight is light and the advantage such as easy modularization. The basic composition part of microprocessor has: register heap, arithmetical unit, sequential control circuit, and data and address bus.
Intelligence management (IntelligentManagement is called for short IM) is new technology, the new disciplines that the technology multidisciplinary, many such as artificial intelligence and management science, knowledge engineering and systems engineering, computing technique and the communication technology, soft project and information engineering be combined with each other, interpenetrates and produce. How its research improves the level of intelligence of computer management system, and the design theory of intelligence management system, method and actualizing technology. Intelligence management is the new trend of modern management scientific technological advance. Intelligence management system is at management information system (ManagementInformationSystem, be called for short MIS), the office automation system (OffeceAu-tomationSystem is called for short OAS), decision support system (DSS) (DecisionSupportSystem, be called for short DSS) function i ntegration, Integration ofTechnology basis on, the Method and Technology such as using artificial intelligent expert system, knowledge engineering, pattern recognition, artificial neural network, carries out the computer management system of a new generation of intellectuality, integrated, concert rationality, Design and implementation.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to design a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design, a kind of novel intelligent Control management system designed based on intelligence administrative skill principle, can intelligent, automatization carry out multiple by the control of control unit, and utilize Micro-control Technology to carry out center-control process, while process of refinement data, reduce system bulk, and effectively reducing design cost, whole system has the features such as design is scientific and reasonable, safety and stability, intelligence degree height.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design, comprise central processing unit, memory circuit, power-supply system, feed circuit, indoor master controller, infrared signal transmission circuit, disc player system, heating system, super bath system and lighting system, described memory circuit connects central processing unit, described power-supply system connects feed circuit, described feed circuit connect central processing unit, described central processing unit connects indoor master controller, described central processing unit connects infrared signal transmission circuit, described infrared signal transmission circuit connects disc player system respectively, heating system, super bath system and lighting system,Photovoltaic battery panel, voltage stabilizing circuit, power-supply controller of electric it is provided with in described power-supply system, described photovoltaic battery panel connects voltage stabilizing circuit, described voltage stabilizing circuit connects power-supply controller of electric, and described power-supply controller of electric connects feed circuit, disc player system, heating system, super bath system and lighting system respectively.
To better implement the present invention, further, also comprise real-time clock circuit, described real-time clock circuit connects central processing unit.
To better implement the present invention, further, also comprise reset circuit and dog circuit of guarding the gate, described central processing unit connects reset circuit and dog circuit of guarding the gate respectively.
To better implement the present invention, further, also comprise control computer, described control computer is connected with central processing unit by RS232 communication interface.
To better implement the present invention, further, described memory circuit comprises storing expands circuit, FLASH memory, and described storage expansion circuit connects central processing unit and FLASH memory respectively.
To better implement the present invention, further, also it is provided with random access memory in described memory circuit, described random access memory connects to store expands circuit.
To better implement the present invention, further, described random access memory adopts dynamic storage or/and static memory.
To better implement the present invention, further, also it is provided with secondary battery in described power-supply system, described secondary battery connects power-supply controller of electric.
To better implement the present invention, further, also it is provided with secondary battery in described power-supply system, described secondary battery connects power-supply controller of electric.
To better implement the present invention, further, described indoor master controller is connected with central processing unit by RS485 communication interface.
The present invention compared with prior art, has the following advantages and useful effect:
(1) a kind of novel intelligent Control management system that the present invention designs based on intelligence administrative skill principle, can intelligent, automatization carry out multiple by the control of control unit, and utilize Micro-control Technology to carry out center-control process, while process of refinement data, reduce system bulk, and effectively reducing design cost, whole system has the features such as design is scientific and reasonable, safety and stability, intelligence degree height.
(2) the present invention adopts solar powered mode to power, and can reduce the loss of nonrenewable resource, within 24 hours, can uninterruptedly power simultaneously, meet needed for system long term operation.
(3) the present invention adopts the data storage processing pattern that multi-memory combines, and can effectively improve the handling property of system, and can carry out data backup in scene as required, so that the later stage calls.
(4) control of the present invention calculates function and realizes general control function, and operator can form effective control strategy according to the respective environment data gathered and carry out corresponding policy control.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, it is briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment below, it is to be understood that, the following drawings illustrate only some embodiment of the present invention, therefore should not be counted as is the restriction to scope, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other relevant accompanying drawings according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the functional block diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited to this.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design, comprise central processing unit, memory circuit, power-supply system, feed circuit, indoor master controller, infrared signal transmission circuit, disc player system, heating system, super bath system and lighting system, described memory circuit connects central processing unit, described power-supply system connects feed circuit, described feed circuit connect central processing unit, described central processing unit connects indoor master controller, described central processing unit connects infrared signal transmission circuit, described infrared signal transmission circuit connects disc player system respectively, heating system, super bath system and lighting system,Photovoltaic battery panel, voltage stabilizing circuit, power-supply controller of electric it is provided with in described power-supply system, described photovoltaic battery panel connects voltage stabilizing circuit, described voltage stabilizing circuit connects power-supply controller of electric, and described power-supply controller of electric connects feed circuit, disc player system, heating system, super bath system and lighting system respectively.
When designing use, sun power is converted to electric energy by photovoltaic battery panel, the electric energy magnitude of voltage changed due to photovoltaic battery panel is general very low and magnitude of voltage is also changeable, therefore devise the electric energy that photovoltaic battery panel changed by voltage stabilizing circuit to boost and voltage stabilizing operation, its magnitude of voltage is made to be in the state of a stationary value, then utilize power-supply controller of electric that it is boosted to central processing unit serviceable condition again, and utilize feed circuit that central processing unit is carried out power supply and make its normal operation, simultaneously by power-supply controller of electric respectively to disc player system, heating system, super bath system and lighting system are powered, thus reduce the application of illumination city electricity as much as possible, reach the object of energy-saving and emission-reduction, when carrying out data processing, for ease of improving the handling property of central processing unit, the basis of the storer structure of central processing unit self extends out memory circuit, for carrying out the stores processor of data, and improve the performance of central processing unit process data with this, the steering order formed in central processing unit will be launched through infrared signal transmission circuit decoding, form multi-way control signals and respectively disc player system, heating system, super bath system and lighting system are operated control accordingly, simultaneously, formation control signal is also sent on indoor master controller by central processing unit, thus the multi-use electrical that intelligent control is connected on indoor master controller.
Embodiment 2:
The present embodiment is the basic enterprising one-step optimization at above-described embodiment, to better implement the present invention, further, for making central processing unit can have a suitable crystal oscillator signal, for central processing unit is carried out starting of oscillation, as shown in Figure 1, it is provided with following structure especially: also comprise real-time clock circuit, described real-time clock circuit connects central processing unit, real-time clock circuit when central processing unit works for it provides suitable clocksignal (crystal oscillator signal), for central processing unit is carried out starting of oscillation.
Embodiment 3:
The present embodiment is the basic enterprising one-step optimization in embodiment 1, to better implement the present invention, further, being convenient to powers to central processing unit inside monitors, avoid the steering routine of central processing unit to run to fly, thus infinite loop phenomenon occurs, as shown in Figure 1, being provided with following structure especially: also comprise reset circuit and dog circuit of guarding the gate, described central processing unit connects reset circuit and dog circuit of guarding the gate respectively; Reset circuit, as monitoring voltage device, has reset function when power supply drops into, and can monitor out power supply instantaneous short circuit and moment step-down and the reset signal that produces. This circuit inside has reset signal removing function when power supply rises, and can correctly monitor the voltage of reduction, its inner votage reference with temperature compensation, and both positive and negative logic exports; This circuit powers on except auto-reset function except having, it is also possible to force the RESET of central processing unit to be lower level by reset button; When system power failure, the energy stored in reset capacitance can be that path discharges rapidly taking diode, and this is that central processing unit reliable reset when reset powers on provides guarantee.
Dog circuit of guarding the gate make use of a timer, control the operation of master routine, namely in the operational process of master routine, timing to before timer is resetted, when endless loop occurs, or PC pointer can not be returned, then timing to after will make monolithic processor resetting, thus prevent program generation endless loop (program fleet).
Embodiment 4:
The present embodiment is the basic enterprising one-step optimization in embodiment 1, to better implement the present invention, further, for ease of carrying out back-stage management, as shown in Figure 1, it is provided with following structure especially: also comprise control computer, described control computer is connected with central processing unit by RS232 communication interface, when design and use, control computer can be used as center, backstage and uses, control computer will send various management and control instruction, and utilize RS232 communication interface to be delivered in central processing unit, respective handling is carried out in central processing unit, then form control signal or the instruction signal of the device various to be controlled being connected on central processing unit.
Embodiment 5:
The present embodiment is the basic enterprising one-step optimization in above-mentioned any embodiment, to better implement the present invention, further, for ease of several data being carried out the operations such as storage backup, as shown in Figure 1, it is arranged to following structure especially: described memory circuit comprises storing expands circuit, FLASH memory, and described storage expansion circuit connects central processing unit and FLASH memory respectively; Store expansion circuit for various storage unit and central processing unit are carried out signal communication, FLASH memory adopts SPR4096A, be mainly used to store central processing unit such as Backup Data, running status, process time the data information that needs prolonged storage to use such as length. SPR4096AFLASH has following feature: the storage space of 512K × 8; The SRAM of interior embedding 4K × 8; Outer CPU can access Flash/SRAM by serial line interface or 8 bit parallel interfaces; The voltage range of I/O interface is 2.25~3.6V, and supports province's power mode of standby. Can greatly reduce the cost of system. In use, in data processing process, central processing unit can effectively complete data exchange in conjunction with FLASH memory, to reach good data process effects.
Embodiment 6:
The present embodiment is the basic enterprising one-step optimization at above-described embodiment, to better implement the present invention, further, for ease of improving the real time data processing performance of central processing unit, as shown in Figure 1, being arranged to following structure especially: be also provided with random access memory in described memory circuit, described random access memory connects to store expands circuit.
Embodiment 7:
The present embodiment is the basic enterprising one-step optimization at above-described embodiment, to better implement the present invention, further, and described random access memory adopts dynamic storage or/and static memory; The feature of static memory (SRAM) is that working speed is fast, as long as power supply is not removed, the information of write SRAM would not disappear, do not need to refresh circuit, do not destroy, when reading, the information originally deposited simultaneously, can repeatedly read once write, but integrated level is lower, power consumption is relatively big, makes cache memory (Cache) in the present invention and uses. DRAM is dynamic RAM (DynamicRandomAccessMemory), it utilizes the grid of field effect transistor to the distributed capacity between its substrate to preserve information, to store the number of electric charge, namely the height of capacitance terminal voltage represents " 1 " and " 0 ", uses as primary storage in the present invention.
Embodiment 8:
The present embodiment is the basic enterprising one-step optimization in above-mentioned any embodiment, to better implement the present invention, further, sun power can be made not to carry out generating electricity or still meet when night in illuminance whole system to be powered, as shown in Figure 1, being provided with following structure especially: be also provided with secondary battery in described power-supply system, described secondary battery connects power-supply controller of electric.
In use, unnecessary electric energy will be stored in secondary battery, and occur that solar illuminating is not or rainy weather or during night, secondary battery will carry out releasing electricity, and it is delivered in feed circuit by the output circuit of power-supply controller of electric, central processing unit is powered, reaches the round-the-clock work in 24 hours of whole system.
Embodiment 9:
The present embodiment is the basic enterprising one-step optimization in above-mentioned any embodiment, to better implement the present invention, further, RS485 common communication line is utilized to carry out the data corresponding between indoor master controller and central processing unit, as shown in Figure 1, following structure it is arranged to especially: described indoor master controller is connected with central processing unit by RS485 communication interface.
A kind of novel intelligent Control management system that the present invention designs based on intelligence administrative skill principle, can intelligent, automatization carry out multiple by the control of control unit, and utilize Micro-control Technology to carry out center-control process, while process of refinement data, reduce system bulk, and effectively reducing design cost, whole system has the features such as design is scientific and reasonable, safety and stability, intelligence degree height.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations. Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment of doing, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design, it is characterized in that: comprise central processing unit, memory circuit, power-supply system, feed circuit, indoor master controller, infrared signal transmission circuit, disc player system, heating system, super bath system and lighting system, described memory circuit connects central processing unit, described power-supply system connects feed circuit, described feed circuit connect central processing unit, described central processing unit connects indoor master controller, described central processing unit connects infrared signal transmission circuit, described infrared signal transmission circuit connects disc player system respectively, heating system, super bath system and lighting system, photovoltaic battery panel, voltage stabilizing circuit, power-supply controller of electric it is provided with in described power-supply system, described photovoltaic battery panel connects voltage stabilizing circuit, described voltage stabilizing circuit connects power-supply controller of electric, and described power-supply controller of electric connects feed circuit, disc player system, heating system, super bath system and lighting system respectively.
2. a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: also comprising real-time clock circuit, described real-time clock circuit connects central processing unit.
3. a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: also comprising reset circuit and dog circuit of guarding the gate, described central processing unit connects reset circuit and dog circuit of guarding the gate respectively.
4. a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: also comprising control computer, described control computer is connected with central processing unit by RS232 communication interface.
5. a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described memory circuit comprises storing expands circuit, FLASH memory, and described storage expansion circuit connects central processing unit and FLASH memory respectively.
6. a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: being also provided with random access memory in described memory circuit, described random access memory connects to store expands circuit.
7. a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described random access memory adopts dynamic storage or/and static memory.
8. a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: being also provided with secondary battery in described power-supply system, described secondary battery connects power-supply controller of electric.
9. a kind of novel intelligent Control management system based on microprocessor Design according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described indoor master controller is connected with central processing unit by RS485 communication interface.
CN201610145529.1A 2016-03-15 2016-03-15 Novel intelligent control and management system designed based on microprocessor Pending CN105676827A (en)

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CN201610145529.1A CN105676827A (en) 2016-03-15 2016-03-15 Novel intelligent control and management system designed based on microprocessor

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201203949Y (en) * 2008-06-04 2009-03-04 惠州市卓耐普智能技术有限公司 Control instrument for solar water heater
CN101799190A (en) * 2010-04-19 2010-08-11 江苏贝德莱特太阳能科技有限公司 Solar energy concentrated heating control system
CN201655005U (en) * 2010-02-26 2010-11-24 江苏惠通集团有限责任公司 Solar infrared remote controller
CN203133598U (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-08-14 王小星 Computer remote intelligent control system
CN204024423U (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-12-17 西安建筑科技大学 Solar energy intelligent curtain

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201203949Y (en) * 2008-06-04 2009-03-04 惠州市卓耐普智能技术有限公司 Control instrument for solar water heater
CN201655005U (en) * 2010-02-26 2010-11-24 江苏惠通集团有限责任公司 Solar infrared remote controller
CN101799190A (en) * 2010-04-19 2010-08-11 江苏贝德莱特太阳能科技有限公司 Solar energy concentrated heating control system
CN203133598U (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-08-14 王小星 Computer remote intelligent control system
CN204024423U (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-12-17 西安建筑科技大学 Solar energy intelligent curtain

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