CN105673311B - One kind folds oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment - Google Patents

One kind folds oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105673311B
CN105673311B CN201610044446.3A CN201610044446A CN105673311B CN 105673311 B CN105673311 B CN 105673311B CN 201610044446 A CN201610044446 A CN 201610044446A CN 105673311 B CN105673311 B CN 105673311B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
current energy
folding
pedestal
generating equipment
energy generating
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CN201610044446.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105673311A (en
Inventor
林伟豪
汪曙光
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天津大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • Y02E10/28Tidal stream or damless hydropower, e.g. sea flood and ebb, river, stream

Abstract

The invention discloses one kind to fold oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment,The TRT includes the base that four sides are respectively arranged with telescopic arm,The base is provided centrally with folding strut,The pillar is provided with thrust bearing,The thrust bearing is connected with pedestal by universal joint,Internal band generator is provided with the pedestal,The watertight compartment of step-up gear and flywheel,The input axis connection flywheel of the step-up gear,Its output shaft is connected with the generator,The flywheel is fixedly connected by bearing with the pedestal,It is hinged by stretching out the curved bar of the watertight compartment with the rotary shaft being arranged at the top center of the pedestal,The rotary shaft is connected with collapsible streamlined collection wing by collapsible linking arm,The device reduces the volume of whole device by effectively folding,Convenience in transport,The dismounting between all parts is avoided to reduce seabed installation cost.

Description

One kind folds oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment

Technical field

The invention belongs to the technical field to be generated electricity using marine tidal-current energy, more particularly to a kind of folding oscillatory type marine tidal-current energy generating dress Put.

Background technology

Ocean energy is as a kind of cleaning, the reproducible energy, not only aboundresources, and the influence to environment is little.When Before, the reproducible marine energy resources in the whole world, theoretical total amount reaches 766000GW, and DEVELOPMENT PROSPECT is considerable.China possesses long Coastline and wide oceanic area, ocean energy rich reserves, developable marine energy resources include:Marine tidal-current energy, tide energy and Wave energy etc., wherein, marine tidal-current energy theory mean power is 13940MW.Marine tidal-current energy provides electric power because predictability is strong, stable Aspect has bigger advantage than wave energy, while compared with the utilization of tide energy, marine tidal-current energy does not simultaneously need a wide range of change Natural environment, therefore turn into current ocean energy focus.

The high transport of existing tidal current energy generating equipment accounts for the 30% of totle drilling cost with installation cost, turns into obstruction marine tidal-current energy The biggest obstacle of generating.TRT is at home and abroad there is no at present using flexible and folding mode, reduces tidal current energy water turbine fortune Defeated and installation cost.Zhejiang University proposes patent of invention《Flexible slurry ocean current energy generator》(application number: 200610052522.1) resistance impacted using stretching structure reduction incoming to the hydraulic turbine, focuses on raising performance.Harbin work Cheng great Xue patent of invention《The adaptive varying pitch hydraulic turbine of straight leaf formula for marine tidal-current energy conversion》(application number: 2003106918.5) replace cycloidal type to reach the function of adjust automatically pitch using spring mechanism, improve the ratio of performance to price.China Ocean university《Self-adapting flexible vane rotor》(application number:200710181399.8) and《Flexible blade rotor supporting device》 (application number:200810249880.0) by using flexible blade rotor, the torque bigger than rigid blade is produced, improves water wheels Machine conversion efficiency.University Of Tianjin《Be self-regulated ocean current energy generator》(application number:200610129897.3) utilize inductor To the angle and depth of the size and Orientation adjust automatically blade of ocean current, the performance of two horizontal-shaft water turbines of optimization.Dalian University of Science & Engineering The patent of invention of university《Bi-reverse folding-type cross shaft tidal stream energy hydroturbine》(application number:201010247741.1)、《It is efficient three-wheeled Telescopic folding horizontal-shaft tidal current energy generating equipment》(application number:201010253682.9) and《Folding vertical shaft tidal, which generates electricity, to be filled Put》(application number:201010235920.3) telescopic folding type structure is used, the volume of whole device is reduced, effectively reduces Installation and cost of transportation.

The content of the invention

For technical problem present in prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide one kind to fold oscillatory type marine tidal-current energy hair Electric installation, the transport that it is directed in background technology will consume the deficiency of substantial amounts of man power and material with seabed installation, by effective Folding reduce the volume of whole device, convenience in transport, avoid dismounting between all parts from reducing seabed installation cost;Together When, in view of the quick rotation of blade easily accidentally injures marine organisms when traditional hydraulic turbine works, the present invention uses oscillatory type, by adopting Collection wing swinging up and down by a small margin can gather marine tidal-current energy, so as to effectively reduce destruction of the TRT to marine environment.

In order to solve technical problem present in prior art, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:

One kind folds oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment, including TRT body, and the TRT includes four sides point The base of telescopic arm is not provided with, and the base is provided centrally with folding strut, and the pillar is provided with thrust bearing, institute State thrust bearing and pedestal is connected with by universal joint, internal band generator, step-up gear and flywheel are provided with the pedestal Watertight compartment, the input axis connection flywheel of the step-up gear, its output shaft is connected with the generator, and the flywheel passes through Bearing is fixedly connected with the pedestal, and it is by stretching out the curved bar of the watertight compartment and being arranged at the top center of the pedestal Rotary shaft be hinged, the rotary shaft is connected with collapsible streamlined collection wing by collapsible linking arm.

The telescopic arm connects and composes " ten " type structure with the base.

Telescopic arm described in each group is folded by 3 internal diameter size difference expansion links and formed.

The pillar is folded by the different support bar of 3 internal diameter sizes and formed.

The linking arm is folded by the different connecting rod of 3 internal diameter sizes and formed.

The streamlined collection wing is made up of symmetrical two groups folding collection wing single-blades, harvester described in each group Wing single-blade has the different streamlined wing bar of 3 internal diameter sizes to fold composition.

Beneficial effect of the present invention:

1st, streamlined collection wing, linking arm, pillar and telescopic arm form a folding system in the present invention, fold system System by effectively folding, reduces the volume of whole device, conveniently using the accordion structure of bolt-type locking mechanism locking Transport, avoids the dismounting between all parts, reduces transport, saves seabed installation cost.

2nd, the present invention uses lever principle, using rotary shaft as fulcrum, linking arm, streamlined collection wing and curved bar composition one Individual laborsaving lever, larger power is produced at curved bar, so as to which flywheel driven rotates, the starting efficiency of device is improved, by flying Oscillating movement is converted into rotation by wheel transmission system, and then marine tidal-current energy is converted into electric energy by generator, relative to the hydraulic turbine Improve energy conversion efficiency.

3rd, linking arm of the present invention and streamlined collection wing use oscillatory type, by gathering wing swinging up and down by a small margin Marine tidal-current energy can be gathered, accidental injury of the TRT to marine organisms can be effectively reduced compared to this mode of traditional hydraulic turbine, from And reduce destruction of the TRT to marine environment.

4th, pedestal of the present invention is fixed on pillar top through universal joint by thrust bearing using rotating manner, can be according to incoming Direction voluntarily rotates, and so as to be directed to any direction of flow, can voluntarily adjust linking arm and streamlined collection wing direction, realize Energy acquisition and generating.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure diagram for folding oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is pedestal partial structural diagram in a kind of folding oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment of the invention.

Fig. 3 is a kind of folding oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment center base structural representation of the invention.

Fig. 4 is wing structure schematic diagram in a kind of folding oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment of the invention.

Fig. 5, which is that the present invention is a kind of, folds the state diagram after oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment folds.

Embodiment:

The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:

As shown in figure 1, the present invention provides a kind of folding oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment, including TRT body, institute Stating TRT body includes the base 1 that four sides are respectively arranged with telescopic arm (11,12,13,14), and 1 center of the base is set Folding strut 2 is equipped with, the top of the pillar 2 is connected with pedestal 3 by thrust bearing 5 through universal joint 4, as shown in Fig. 2 institute State pedestal 3 and be provided with a watertight compartment 9, generator 6 and step-up gear 7, the speed increasing gear are installed inside the watertight compartment 9 The input axis connection flywheel 8 of case 7, its output shaft are connected with the generator 6, and the flywheel 8 is solid by bearing and the pedestal 3 Fixed connection, the flywheel 8 are a colyliform accumulator with compared with large rotating inertia, and it is located above the step-up gear 7, It is be hinged by the curved bar 10 and the rotary shaft 31 being arranged at the top center of the pedestal 3 for stretching out the watertight compartment 9, described Rotary shaft 31 is connected with collapsible streamlined collection wing 33 by collapsible linking arm 32.The watertight compartment 9 and the curved bar Watertight axle envelope is used between 10.The curved bar is stretched out by the hole being arranged on the watertight compartment to be hinged with the rotary shaft.Such as Shown in Fig. 1, the pillar is folded by the different support bar (2a, 2b, 2c) of 3 internal diameter sizes and formed.The support bar (2a, 2b, It is attached between 2c) using bolt-type locking mechanism, in a folded state, 2a support bars is pushed into 2b support bars successively In, in 2b support bars push-in 2c support bars;In a state of use, 2b support bars are pulled out into 2c support bars successively, 2a support bars are drawn Go out 2b support bars.As shown in figure 1, the linking arm 32 folds structure by the different connecting rod (32a, 32b, 32c) of 3 internal diameter sizes Into being attached between the connecting rod (32a, 32b, 32c) using bolt-type locking mechanism, in a folded state, successively 32a connecting rods are pushed into 32b connecting rods, in 32b connecting rods push-in 32c connecting rods;In a state of use, 32b is connected successively Extension bar pulls out 32c connecting rods, and 32a connecting rods pull out 32b connecting rods.

As shown in figure 3, the telescopic arm (11,12,13,14) connects and composes " ten " type structure with the base 1.Each group The telescopic arm (11,12,13,14) folds by 3 internal diameter size difference expansion links and formed, i.e., telescopic arm 11 is flexible by 3 Bar (11a, 11b, 11c) is formed;Equally, telescopic arm 12 is made up of 3 expansion links (12a, 12b, 12c);Telescopic arm 13 is stretched by 3 Contracting bar (13a, 13b, 13c) is formed;Telescopic arm 14 is made up of 3 expansion links (14a, 14b, 14c).With one group of expansion link therein Exemplified by, connection to expansion link, using illustrating.For example, in telescopic arm 11 3 expansion links (11a, 11b, 11c) it Between be to be attached using bolt-type locking mechanism, in a folded state, successively by 11a expansion links be pushed into 11b expansion links in, In 11b expansion links push-in 11c expansion links;In a state of use, 11b expansion links are pulled out into 11c expansion links, 11a expansion links successively Pull out 11b expansion links.Similarly, the expansion link in three groups of others is also used using above-mentioned connected mode.

As shown in figure 4, the streamlined collection wing 33 is by symmetrical two groups folding collection wing single-blades (331,332) Form, described in each group gather wing single-blade (331,332) have the different wing bar of 3 internal diameter sizes (331a, 331b, 331c;332a, 332b, 332c) fold composition.By taking one group of wing bar (331a, 331b, 331c) therein as an example, to wing bar Connection, using illustrating.For example, it is using slotting between 3 wing bars (331a, 331b, 331c) in single-wing 331 Pin retaining mechanism is attached, and in a folded state, 331a wings bar is pushed into 331b wing bars successively, 331b wings In bar push-in 331c wing bars;In a state of use, 331b wings bar is pulled out into 331c wing bars successively, 331a wings bar pulls out 331b wing bars.Similarly, the wing bar in single-wing 332 is also connected, used in the same way.

Actual mechanical process of the present invention:

The present invention is before transport, as shown in figure 5, first by streamlined collection wing 33, linking arm 32, pillar 2 and base 1 Four expansion links (11,12,13,14) are retracted to most short, then packed and transported.It so can effectively prevent device in transportation There is the situation of damaged in collision.After transport arrives at, expansion link (11,12,13,15) in the expansion present invention, and will be respective The end of (11a, 12a, 13a, 14a) is fixedly mounted with seabed in expansion link, then pillar 2 is pulled up, while deploys to connect Arm 32 and wing 33 start operation.

Above-mentioned technical scheme folds oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment using a kind of, reduces the underwater construction time, carries The high installation quality of underwater construction, makes transport be reduced with installation cost.Reduce in terms of environmental protection to marine environment Destroy.The technical threshold of workmen is reduced in terms of manpower, it is only necessary to which simple training is carried out to common laborer can work Make.

One of ordinary skill in the art will be understood that in actual applications the set-up mode of each part is equal in the present invention Some changes may occur, and other staff may also make similar Design under its enlightenment.As long as it is pointed out that do not take off From the design aim of invention, all obvious changes and its similar Design, it is all contained within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. one kind folds oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment, it is characterised in that:The TRT is respectively equipped with including four sides to be stretched The base of contracting arm, the base are provided centrally with folding strut, and the pillar is provided with thrust bearing, the thrust bearing Pedestal is connected with by universal joint, the internal watertight compartment for carrying generator, step-up gear and flywheel is provided with the pedestal, The input axis connection flywheel of the step-up gear, its output shaft are connected with the generator, and the flywheel passes through bearing and institute State pedestal to be fixedly connected, it passes through the curved bar for stretching out the watertight compartment and the rotary shaft being arranged at the top center of the pedestal Be hinged, the rotary shaft is connected with collapsible streamlined collection wing by collapsible linking arm.
A kind of 2. folding oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The telescopic arm with The base connects and composes " ten " type structure.
A kind of 3. folding oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Stretched described in each group Contracting arm is folded by 3 internal diameter size difference expansion links and formed.
A kind of 4. folding oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The pillar is by 3 The different support bar of root internal diameter size, which folds, to be formed.
A kind of 5. folding oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The linking arm by The different connecting rod of 3 internal diameter sizes, which folds, to be formed.
A kind of 6. folding oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The collection wing It is made up of symmetrical two groups folding collection wing single-blades, wing single-blade is gathered described in each group there are 3 internal diameter size differences Streamlined wing bar fold form.
CN201610044446.3A 2016-01-22 2016-01-22 One kind folds oscillatory type tidal current energy generating equipment CN105673311B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106351796A (en) * 2016-10-09 2017-01-25 天津大学 Ocean wind energy and tidal current energy united power supply floating lighting device
CN106545454A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-03-29 天津大学 A kind of portable folding blade tidal current energy generating equipment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101892936A (en) * 2010-07-23 2010-11-24 大连理工大学 Folding vertical shaft tidal power generation device
CN101907054A (en) * 2010-07-31 2010-12-08 大连理工大学 Bi-reverse folding-type cross shaft tidal stream energy hydroturbine
CN201896694U (en) * 2010-08-31 2011-07-13 大连理工大学 Collapsible type vertical-shaft tidal fluid energy generation device
CN201896695U (en) * 2010-08-31 2011-07-13 大连理工大学 Double-reverse collapsible type vertical-shaft tidal fluid energy water turbine
CN103742347A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-04-23 柳州市锋威汽车科技有限公司 Oceanic renewable energy source device

Family Cites Families (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101493259B1 (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-02-16 한국해양과학기술원 Multiple oscillating tidal stream generators

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101892936A (en) * 2010-07-23 2010-11-24 大连理工大学 Folding vertical shaft tidal power generation device
CN101907054A (en) * 2010-07-31 2010-12-08 大连理工大学 Bi-reverse folding-type cross shaft tidal stream energy hydroturbine
CN201896694U (en) * 2010-08-31 2011-07-13 大连理工大学 Collapsible type vertical-shaft tidal fluid energy generation device
CN201896695U (en) * 2010-08-31 2011-07-13 大连理工大学 Double-reverse collapsible type vertical-shaft tidal fluid energy water turbine
CN103742347A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-04-23 柳州市锋威汽车科技有限公司 Oceanic renewable energy source device

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Address after: 300350 Haijing garden, Haihe Education Park, Jinnan, Tianjin, 135, Tianjin University.

Patentee after: Tianjin University

Address before: 300072 No. 72 Weijin Road, Nankai District, Tianjin

Patentee before: Tianjin University