CN105672442A - Rainwater discarding and collecting device - Google Patents

Rainwater discarding and collecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105672442A
CN105672442A CN201610008931.5A CN201610008931A CN105672442A CN 105672442 A CN105672442 A CN 105672442A CN 201610008931 A CN201610008931 A CN 201610008931A CN 105672442 A CN105672442 A CN 105672442A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
tank
abandoned stream
isocon
pipe
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610008931.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张芮
尹鑫卫
马小军
王文武
赵旭红
贾生海
张彦洪
李晓玲
王引弟
高彦婷
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甘肃农业大学
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Application filed by 甘肃农业大学 filed Critical 甘肃农业大学
Priority to CN201610008931.5A priority Critical patent/CN105672442A/en
Publication of CN105672442A publication Critical patent/CN105672442A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B1/00Methods or layout of installations for water supply
    • E03B1/04Methods or layout of installations for water supply for domestic or like local supply
    • E03B1/041Greywater supply systems
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F1/00Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B1/00Methods or layout of installations for water supply
    • E03B1/04Methods or layout of installations for water supply for domestic or like local supply
    • E03B1/041Greywater supply systems
    • E03B2001/047Greywater supply systems using rainwater
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The invention relates to a rainwater early-stage discarding and collecting device. The device comprises a water inlet pipe, a discarding tank, a pressure stabilizing pipe, a blow-off pipe, a first diversion pipe, a second diversion pipe, a water collecting box and a water drainage pipe. A water baffle, a spring, a sliding rod and a control plug with a connection rod are arranged in the discarding tank, and the tank body of the discarding tank is provided with a first diversion port, a second diversion port and a pressure stabilizing port; a discarding port is formed in the bottom of the tank; an overflow port and a water taking port are formed in the water collecting box; rainwater flows into the discarding tank through the water inlet pipe; under the discarding action of the discarding tank, when early-stage rainwater is discharged into the water drainage pipe through the blow-off pipe, later-stage rainwater is collected into the water collecting box through the first diversion pipe and the second diversion pipe; when the water level in the water collecting box reaches a designed water level, redundant rainwater flows into the water drainage pipe through the overflow port to be discharged, and early-stage discarding and collecting of rainwater are achieved. The defects that an original device is complicated in structure, high in energy consumption and maintenance cost, not complete in discarding and the like can be avoided, the rainwater early-stage discarding and collecting device can automatically run, and re-discarding and re-collecting of many times of rainfall are achieved.

Description

A kind of rain water drainage and collection device

Technical field

The present invention relates to rainwater-collecting and utilize technical field, especially one rain early-stage split-flow and collection device.

Background technology

Along with the whole world freshwater resources constantly in short supply, the collection of rainwater with utilize receive significant attention. In city and the area of some scarcity of fresh water resources, begin with various technology, equipment and measure and carry out the Collection utilization of rainwater. But owing in early-stage rainwater, pollutant levels are higher, condition of water quality is poor, often do not meet the requirement of rainwater catchment system, so adopting reasonable manner that rainwater carries out initial Split-flow become an importance of rainwater utilization. Rain early-stage split-flow device of the prior art generally adopts the structure such as electromagnetic valve, ball float to realize the initial Split-flow of rainwater, and its structure is complicated, there is energy consumption, and maintenance cost is high, needs personal management. Therefore, for guaranteeing hydrops quality and Optimum cost, it is achieved sustainable popularization and application, the rain early-stage split-flow and the collection device that design a kind of canalization, lightness and automatization are to need badly at present to solve the technical problem that.

Summary of the invention

The present invention is directed to prior art to exist and run complicated, economy and the poor problem of reliability, it is provided that a kind of abandoned stream simple in construction, without electricity consumption, respond well, the convenient rain early-stage split-flow of Maintenance and Repair and collection device.

The technical scheme realizing above-mentioned purpose is as follows: a kind of rain water drainage and collection device, including water inlet pipe, abandoned stream tank, blow-off pipe, the two ends of abandoned stream tank are respectively communicated with water inlet pipe and blow-off pipe, blow-off pipe forms abandoned stream mouth with abandoned stream tank junction, it is characterized in that: abandoned stream tank is internally provided with lowering or hoisting gear, lowering or hoisting gear arranges the permeable hole that liquid flows down, liquid enters blow-off pipe by permeable hole, wherein flow into the fluid flow that the fluid flow of abandoned stream tank is discharged more than permeable hole, the bottom of lowering or hoisting gear is installed and is controlled plug, control size and the abandoned stream mouth size fit of plug, lowering or hoisting gear can in abandoned stream tank on, lower movement, when the liquid being positioned on lowering or hoisting gear conducts oneself with dignity dynamics when falling more than lowering or hoisting gear, control plug and block abandoned stream mouth gradually, water is made to be no longer flow in blow-off pipe, control plug for controlling closure and the unlatching of abandoned stream mouth,

Near abandoned stream pot bottom position, at arranged outside first isocon of abandoned stream tank, the free end connection water tank of the first isocon, when the import of the clogging blow-off pipe of lowering or hoisting gear, the liquid in abandoned stream tank enters water tank by the first isocon.

The method of work of rain water drainage and collection device, it is characterised in that:

(1) the early-stage rainwater stream abandoning stage:

After rainfall starts, rainwater flows into water inlet pipe, and the rainwater in water inlet pipe flows into abandoned stream tank, and early-stage rainwater is constantly discharged through the permeable hole inflow blow-off pipe on lowering or hoisting gear afterwards; The rainwater flow that rainwater flow owing to flowing into abandoned stream tank is discharged more than permeable hole, along with constantly carrying out of rainfall, it is positioned at the amount of rainfall on lowering or hoisting gear can increase at short notice, making water level in abandoned stream tank slowly increase, under the effect of water body deadweight, lowering or hoisting gear slowly moves down, cause control plug closure abandoned stream mouth gradually, when abandoned stream mouth is controlled plug 8 closure completely, early-stage rainwater is drained just, thus realizing rain early-stage split-flow;

(2) the rainwater-collecting stage:

After controlling plug closure abandoned stream mouth completely, permeable hole continues permeable downwards, causes abandoned stream pot bottom hydrops occur, and along with increasing of water accumulating volume, liquid level gradually rises up to the first isocon nozzle position, thus the first isocon begins to flow out rainwater; Proceeding along with rainfall simultaneously, water accumulation level more than lowering or hoisting gear gradually rises up to the second isocon nozzle position, and the second isocon begins to flow out rainwater; Hydrops imports in water tank in company with the first isocon, the second isocon; When the water accumulating volume in water tank arrives overfall position, the unnecessary water yield flows into drain pipe by overfall and drains;

(3) device automatically resets the stage:

After rainfall terminates, along with flowing into gradually decreasing of water inlet pipe flow, the water level in abandoned stream tank is due to the hydrops effect of the first isocon, and water level starts slow decline, causes the above water body deadweight of lowering or hoisting gear to alleviate gradually; When the above water body deadweight of lowering or hoisting gear is less than the frictional force between elastic force and water fender and the abandoned stream top tank structure of spring, lowering or hoisting gear drives and controls to fill in upper gradually shifting, so that abandoned stream mouth is opened, and the surplus water in emptying abandoned stream tank, finally realize device and automatically reset.

Early-stage rainwater is drained by the described permeable hole intercepted after net enters described abandoned stream tank on described water fender; Later stage rainwater compresses described miniature tiny stage clip under Gravitative Loads, causes the band bar on described baffle plate to control plug and is blocked by abandoned stream mouth, and later stage water purification is entered described water tank by described first isocon, the second isocon respectively.

After rainfall stopping, the rainwater in abandoned stream tank is slowly flowed down by the permeable hole on described water fender, simultaneously described water fender under the effect of described miniature tiny stage clip elastic force gradually on move, cause described band bar to control plug to be opened by abandoned stream mouth, thus draining remaining rainwater in described abandoned stream tank, final described water fender resets.

Rainwater after being processed by the present invention is as a kind of available water resource, it is possible to in adapting to water water standard use water. This device is applicable to the rainwater catchment system on building roof, it is possible to is extended to some areas rainwater recycle and utilizes. Its simple in construction, energy-conserving and environment-protective, economic and practical, respond well, it is simple to popularization and application.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is overall schematic of the present invention

Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of lowering or hoisting gear in Fig. 1

Figure number illustrates: intercepts net 1, water inlet pipe 2, flexible coupling 3, abandoned stream tank 4, permeable hole 5, stabilivolt 6, miniature tiny stage clip 7, control plug 8, blow-off pipe 9, drain pipe the 10, second isocon 11, water fender the 12, first isocon 13, slide bar 14, overfall 15, water tank 16, intake 17, abandoned stream mouth 18, isocon 19, oblique pipe 20, boss 21

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.

In Fig. 1, rain water drainage and collection device, including water inlet pipe 2, abandoned stream tank 4, blow-off pipe 9, the two ends of abandoned stream tank 4 are respectively communicated with water inlet pipe 2 and blow-off pipe 9, blow-off pipe 9 forms abandoned stream mouth with abandoned stream tank 4 junction, between preferred abandoned stream tank 4 and water inlet pipe 2, flexible coupling 3 is set, one end of flexible coupling 3 is connected to the bottom of water inlet pipe 2, the other end is connected to the top of abandoned stream tank 4, and flexible coupling 3 is tilting between abandoned stream tank and water inlet pipe, water inlet pipe 2 is parallel with abandoned stream tank 4, the angle that wherein between flexible coupling and horizontal plane, shape is at 45 °, water in water inlet pipe 2 enters in abandoned stream tank 4 by flexible coupling 3, the initial Split-flow for rainwater that is connected of abandoned stream mouth and blow-off pipe 9. blow-off pipe 9 free end communicated drainage pipe 10, blow-off pipe 9 water out is discharged by drain pipe 10, and certain blow-off pipe 9 water out can also be expelled directly out.

The mouth of pipe of water inlet pipe 2 arranges interception net 1, intercept that net 1 is tilting puts into, make interception net 1 horizontal by the angle of 20 °, what intercept net 1 arranges the impurity that can intercept in water, rubbish bigger in rainwater and particulate contaminant are carried out high efficiency filter, ensure below 2mm foreign material can free landing, intercept the setting of net and solve initial Split-flow rain impurities in water to the card of abandoned stream tank inner structure, the problem such as stifled, it is achieved reliably abandoned stream.

Abandoned stream tank 4 is internally provided with lowering or hoisting gear, lowering or hoisting gear arranges the permeable hole under several current, water enters blow-off pipe 9 by permeable hole, the bottom of lowering or hoisting gear is installed and is controlled plug 8, control size and the abandoned stream mouth size fit of plug 8, lowering or hoisting gear can move up and down in abandoned stream tank 4, during dynamics when the deadweight of the water being positioned on lowering or hoisting gear is fallen more than lowering or hoisting gear, control plug 8 and block abandoned stream mouth gradually, make water be no longer flow in blow-off pipe 9, control plug for controlling closure and the unlatching of abandoned stream mouth.

Described lowering or hoisting gear includes water fender 12, several slide bars 14, the outer rim of water fender 12 is adaptive with the inwall of abandoned stream tank, permeable hole is positioned on the end face of water fender 12, simultaneously near water fender 12 marginal position, water fender 12 also sets up the jack of several symmetry, slide bar 14 adaptation be inserted in jack, water fender 12 can move up and down along slide bar 14, and it is positioned on every slide bar bottom water fender and is socketed spring 7, the upper end contact of spring 7 is in the bottom surface of water fender 12, the preferred miniature tiny stage clip of spring 7, in the present invention, slide bar is preferably three, and between three slide bars, it is mutually the angle of 120 °, a connecting rod is installed at the middle part of water fender 12, and connecting rod bottom is installed and controlled plug 8, abandoned stream tank 4 bottom has a boss 21, and when lowering or hoisting gear moves down, slide bar 14 free end of water fender 12 bottom margin can be connected on boss 21, and the position of boss 21 is supplied to one strong point of slide bar, when the deadweight of the water on water fender 12 gives the resilience force sum of water fender 12 more than the frictional force between water fender 12 and abandoned stream tank 4 and spring, the slow landing of water fender 12, until controlling plug 8 to block the import of blow-off pipe 9, water is made not enter back in blow-off pipe 9. the height of miniature tiny stage clip and stiffness factor are determined by abandoned stream tank volume and abandoned stream amount, and described miniature tiny stage clip surface scribbles anticorrosive paint, on water fender 12 0.5 times of the gross area of permeable hole≤described water inlet pipe aperture area. water fender passes through wedging ring spring on vertical slide bar, drives and controls plug closure abandoned stream mouth.The slide bar bottom of lowering or hoisting gear in assembling process can in advance contact on boss 21, it is also possible to slightly from boss 21 apart from certain position, in the present invention preferably by slide bar bottom contact in advance on boss 21.

Controlling plug 8 is butyl rubber material, the round table-like structure that big bottom is little in top, wherein connect the connection-rod length controlling plug 8 highly to be determined between described abandoned stream tank abandoned stream mouth position by water fender 12 pan position under water body Gravitative Loads limit inferior, namely water fender 12 starts to be displaced downwardly to spring under water body Gravitative Loads and is fully compressed state, in the process that this state terminates, connecting rod can drive control plug just to be blocked completely the position of abandoned stream mouth, if connecting rod is long, state that abandoned stream mouth does not compress completely at spring is dirty too early has blocked abandoned stream mouth, and connecting rod is too short, spring still can not block abandoned stream mouth when compressing completely.

Near abandoned stream tank 4 bottom position, at arranged outside first isocon 13 of abandoned stream tank 4, the free end of the first isocon 13 can directly connect water tank 16, isocon 19 can also be set between the first isocon 13 and water tank 16, isocon 19 and the first isocon 13 are respectively communicated with water tank 16, when controlling the outlet of plug 8 clogging blow-off pipes 9, the water in abandoned stream tank 4 is entered in water tank 16 by the first isocon 13. The volume of water tank 16 is determined by roofing area and the abandoned stream degree of depth.

The outer upper of abandoned stream tank also sets up the second isocon 11, the free end of the second isocon 11 can directly connect water tank 16, or the free end of the second isocon 11 also directly connects isocon 19, the water of the first isocon and the second isocon 11 all imports at isocon 19, enters in water tank 16 again through isocon 19 afterwards.

The height of the second isocon 11 is higher than the height of the first isocon 13, and when the water depth in abandoned stream tank 4 is higher than the second isocon 11, the water in abandoned stream tank 4 is entered in water tank jointly by the first isocon 13 and the second isocon 11. The discharge capacity of the first isocon is more than the discharge capacity of permeable hole on water fender, and the discharge capacity of the first isocon is less than the discharge capacity of the second isocon simultaneously.

Water tank 16 upper left quarter is provided with overfall 15, the oblique pipe 20 of overfall 15 external connection, the oblique direct communicated drainage pipe 10 of pipe 20 other end, blow-off pipe 9 and water tank 16 water out are co-flowed into drain pipe 10 and drain, and oblique pipe 20 can reduce current to the impact of drain pipe 10 and to be prevented from pouring in down a chimney. The position at overfall 15 place of water tank 16 body side is preset water level, and when namely the water in water tank 16 exceedes preset water level, namely the unnecessary water yield can discharge from overfall 15 along oblique pipe 20.

Also setting up stabilivolt connector, stabilivolt connector external connection stabilivolt 6, the height when height≤spring of stabilivolt connector is by limited compression on abandoned stream tank 4, stabilivolt 6 is for keeping the constant voltage of water in abandoned stream tank.

The present invention it should be noted that coordinating of jack internal diameter on water fender 12 size with slide bar 14 external diameter, owing to water fender 12 needs to glide along slide bar, thus water fender 12 compresses the spring on slide bar, water fender 12 also drives control plug 8 to press to abandoned stream mouth simultaneously, therefore jack can not adopt stationary fit with coordinating of slide bar 14, avoid water fender can not slide along slide bar 14, jack can not be excessive with the gap of slide bar simultaneously, water fender somewhat stress is avoided just to glide along slide bar, gap between preferred jack and slide bar is between 0.01-0.005, as long as after spring is fully compressed, water fender is no longer along slide bar and glides.

In the present invention, preferred water fender, connecting rod and control plug are integral type structure.

Abandoned stream and collection device are collected the process of rainwater and discharge outflow thereof and three phases can be divided into carry out:

(1) device installs the preparatory stage: the rainfall data information for many years according to territory of use, the design rainwater flow of early-stage rainwater stream abandoning total amount and correspondence is determined in estimation, it is determined that the number of permeable hole 5 on the caliber of described water inlet pipe 2, the size of described abandoned stream tank 4, described water fender 12, the specification of described miniature tiny stage clip 7 and slide bar 14 length and connecting rod, the length of control plug 8, water tank 16 the key element such as volume design. Each key element needs to be determined according to local practical situation, as long as the setting of parameter can complete the purpose of the present invention.

The selection of miniature tiny stage clip specification to meet under the effect of rainwater deadweight, makes control plug 8 realize the automatic plugging to abandoned stream mouth and unlatching; Total discharge capacity of the first isocon 13 and the second isocon 11 wants >=and the discharge capacity of water inlet pipe 2 (and the discharge capacity of the first isocon 13 should be greater than the discharge capacity of permeable mouth 5 on water fender 12, the discharge capacity of the first isocon 13 is less than the discharge capacity of the second isocon 11 simultaneously); The rate of discharge of isocon 19 should be consistent with the inlet flow rate of overfall 15, and the discharge capacity of drain pipe 10 should be greater than total discharge capacity of oblique pipe 20 and blow-off pipe 9; The design volume of water tank 16 can hold abundant rainfall water purification, to meet fully efficiently utilizing of rainfall resource.

(2) the early-stage rainwater stream abandoning stage: after rainfall starts, rainwater flows into water inlet pipe 2 after intercepting net 1, rainwater in water inlet pipe 2 enters abandoned stream tank 4 at the flows by action of flexible coupling 3, and early-stage rainwater flows into blow-off pipe 9 through the permeable hole 5 on water fender 12 and constantly discharges; The flow that rainwater flow owing to flowing into abandoned stream tank 4 is discharged more than permeable hole 5, along with constantly carrying out of rainfall, amount of rainfall on water fender 12 can increase at short notice, making water level in abandoned stream tank 4 slowly increase, under the effect of water body deadweight, water fender 12 is along the slow tiny stage clip of compression mini of slide bar 14, cause control plug 8 closure abandoned stream mouth 18 gradually, when described abandoned stream mouth 18 is blocked by the control plug 8 with connecting rod completely, early-stage rainwater is drained just, thus realizing rain early-stage split-flow.

(3) the rainwater-collecting stage: after band connecting rod controls plug 8 closure abandoned stream mouth completely, permeable hole 5 on water fender 12 continues permeable downwards, cause, bottom abandoned stream tank 4, hydrops occurs, along with increasing of water accumulating volume, liquid level gradually rises up to the first isocon 13 mouth of pipe water level, starting hydrops thereby through the first isocon 13, final rainwater flows out from the first isocon 13; Proceeding along with rainfall simultaneously, the water accumulation level of water fender more than 12 gradually rises up to the second isocon 11 mouth of pipe water level, starts hydrops by the second isocon 11; Hydrops flows in water tank 16 after importing isocon 19 in company with the water purification of first isocon the 13, second isocon 11; When the water accumulating volume in water tank 16 reaches design water accumulating volume (horizontal line of overfall 15 position is design water accumulating volume), the unnecessary water yield flows into oblique pipe 20 by overfall 15, finally flows into described drain pipe 10 together with the early-stage rainwater in blow-off pipe 9 and drains.

(4) device automatically resets the stage: after rainfall terminates, along with flowing into gradually decreasing of water inlet pipe 2 flow, water level in abandoned stream tank 4 is due to the hydrops effect of the first isocon 13, and water level starts slow decline, causes the deadweight of water fender more than 12 water body to alleviate gradually;When the deadweight of water fender more than 12 water body is less than the frictional force between elastic force and water fender 12 and abandoned stream tank 4 inwall of miniature tiny stage clip, under the effect of miniature tiny stage clip elastic force, water fender 12 drives and controls plug 8 upper shifting gradually, so that abandoned stream mouth 18 is opened, surplus water in emptying abandoned stream tank 4, finally realizes device and automatically resets.

In sum, the present invention is at the rainfall just interim abandoned stream tank arrangement by simplifying, automatically the early-stage rainwater that should not directly use can be carried out abandoned stream, after completing early-stage rainwater stream abandoning, the rainwater of Collection utilization middle and late stage, rainfall terminates rear device and automatically resets, automatically carrying out early-stage rainwater stream abandoning for next rainwater-collecting to prepare, the present invention is without manual work, and automaticity is high, abandoned stream is respond well, and has simple in construction, idle, low cost and other advantages.

These are only the preferred embodiment of the embodiment of the present invention; not in order to limit the embodiment of the present invention; within all spirit in the embodiment of the present invention and principle, any amendment of making, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included in the protection domain of the embodiment of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a rain water drainage and collection device, including water inlet pipe, abandoned stream tank, blow-off pipe, the two ends of abandoned stream tank are respectively communicated with water inlet pipe and blow-off pipe, blow-off pipe forms abandoned stream mouth with abandoned stream tank junction, it is characterized in that: abandoned stream tank is internally provided with lowering or hoisting gear, lowering or hoisting gear arranges the permeable hole that liquid flows down, initial stage liquid enters blow-off pipe by permeable hole, wherein flow into the fluid flow that the fluid flow of abandoned stream tank is discharged more than permeable hole, the bottom of lowering or hoisting gear is installed and is controlled plug, control size and the abandoned stream mouth size fit of plug, lowering or hoisting gear can in abandoned stream tank on, lower movement, when the liquid being positioned on lowering or hoisting gear conducts oneself with dignity dynamics when falling more than lowering or hoisting gear, control plug and block abandoned stream mouth gradually, water is made to be no longer flow in blow-off pipe, control plug for controlling closure and the unlatching of abandoned stream mouth,
Near abandoned stream pot bottom position, at arranged outside first isocon of abandoned stream tank, the free end connection water tank of the first isocon, when the water inlet of the clogging blow-off pipe of lowering or hoisting gear, the liquid in abandoned stream tank enters water tank by the first isocon.
2. rain water drainage according to claim 1 and collection device, it is characterized in that: described lowering or hoisting gear includes water fender, several slide bar, the outer rim of water fender is adaptive with the inwall of abandoned stream tank, permeable hole is positioned on the end face of water fender, simultaneously near water fender marginal position, also setting up the jack of several symmetry on water fender, what slide bar was adaptive is inserted in jack, water fender can move up and down along slide bar, and is positioned at the spring being socketed same type on every slide bar bottom water fender;
Wherein a connecting rod is installed at the middle part of water fender, and connecting rod bottom is installed and controlled plug, and requires that controlling plug matches with abandoned stream mouth;
The tank bottoms end of described abandoned stream has a boss, and when lowering or hoisting gear moves down, the slide bar free end of water fender bottom margin can be connected on boss, and the position of boss is supplied to one strong point of slide bar;
When the liquid on water fender conducts oneself with dignity the resilience force sum giving water fender more than the frictional force between water fender and abandoned stream tank and spring, the slow landing of water fender, until controlling plug to block the import of blow-off pipe, make liquid not enter back into blow-off pipe.
3. rain water drainage according to claim 2 and collection device, it is characterized in that: the outside of abandoned stream tank also sets up the second isocon, the height of the second isocon is higher than the height of the first isocon, when the liquid height in abandoned stream tank is higher than the second isocon, the liquid in abandoned stream tank is entered in water tank by the first isocon and the second isocon.
4. according to the rain water drainage described in claim 3 and collection device, it is characterised in that: the spring being cased with on vertical slide bar belongs to miniature tiny stage clip.
5. rain water drainage according to claim 4 and collection device, it is characterised in that: wherein the first isocon, the second isocon are communicated with isocon jointly, the free end connection water tank of isocon;
Water tank side lower is provided with overfall, and the lower end of blow-off pipe is provided with drain pipe, is connected oblique pipe, blow-off pipe and water tank water out and is co-flowed into drain pipe and drains between drain pipe with overfall.
6. rain water drainage according to claim 1 and collection device, it is characterized in that: between abandoned stream tank and water inlet pipe, flexible coupling is set, liquid in water inlet pipe enters in abandoned stream tank by flexible coupling, wherein one end of flexible coupling is connected to the bottom of water inlet pipe, the other end is connected to the top of abandoned stream tank, and flexible coupling is tilting between abandoned stream tank and water inlet pipe.
7. rain water drainage according to claim 1 and collection device, it is characterized in that: the top of water inlet pipe is installed and intercepted net, described interception net is provided with eight order grids, intercepts the angle that net is horizontal by 20 °, it is ensured that below the 2mm foreign material of filtration can free landing; The bottom of water tank arranges switch, and the water in on-off control water tank flows out.
8. rain water drainage according to claim 2 and collection device, it is characterized in that: abandoned stream tank also sets up stabilivolt connector, stabilivolt connector external connection stabilivolt, the height when height≤spring of stabilivolt connector is by limited compression, stabilivolt is used for keeping constant voltage.
9. rain water drainage according to claim 5 and collection device, it is characterized in that: wherein the discharge capacity of the first isocon is more than the discharge capacity of permeable hole on water fender, the discharge capacity of the first isocon is less than the discharge capacity of the second isocon simultaneously, on described water fender 0.5 times of the gross area of permeable hole≤described water inlet pipe aperture area, the rate of discharge of isocon is consistent with the inlet flow rate of overfall.
10. the method for work of rain water drainage and collection device, it is characterised in that:
(1) the early-stage rainwater stream abandoning stage:
After rainfall starts, rainwater flows into water inlet pipe, and the rainwater in water inlet pipe flows into abandoned stream tank, and early-stage rainwater is constantly discharged through the permeable hole inflow blow-off pipe on lowering or hoisting gear afterwards; The rainwater flow that rainwater flow owing to flowing into abandoned stream tank is discharged more than permeable hole, along with constantly carrying out of rainfall, it is positioned at the amount of rainfall on lowering or hoisting gear can increase at short notice, making water level in abandoned stream tank slowly increase, under the effect of water body deadweight, lowering or hoisting gear slowly moves down, cause control plug closure abandoned stream mouth gradually, when abandoned stream mouth is controlled plug 8 closure completely, early-stage rainwater is drained just, thus realizing rain early-stage split-flow;
(2) the rainwater-collecting stage:
After controlling plug closure abandoned stream mouth completely, permeable hole continues permeable downwards, causes abandoned stream pot bottom hydrops occur, and along with increasing of water accumulating volume, liquid level gradually rises up to the first isocon nozzle position, thus the first isocon begins to flow out rainwater; Proceeding along with rainfall simultaneously, water accumulation level more than lowering or hoisting gear gradually rises up to the second isocon nozzle position, and the second isocon begins to flow out rainwater; Hydrops imports in water tank in company with the first isocon, the second isocon; When the water accumulating volume in water tank arrives overfall position, the unnecessary water yield flows into blow-off pipe by overfall and drains;
(3) device automatically resets the stage:
After rainfall terminates, along with flowing into gradually decreasing of water inlet pipe flow, the water level in abandoned stream tank is due to the hydrops effect of the first isocon, and water level starts slow decline, causes the above water body deadweight of lowering or hoisting gear to alleviate gradually;When the above water body deadweight of lowering or hoisting gear is less than the frictional force between elastic force and water fender and the abandoned stream top tank structure of spring, lowering or hoisting gear drives and controls to fill in upper gradually shifting, so that abandoned stream mouth is opened, and the surplus water in emptying abandoned stream tank, finally realize device and automatically reset.
CN201610008931.5A 2016-01-07 2016-01-07 Rainwater discarding and collecting device CN105672442A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105986599A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-10-05 天津大学 Diversion and filtration device for initial rainwater
CN106638917A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-10 浙江水利水电学院 Splitting type rainwater recycling, storage and regulation system and construction method thereof
CN106677253A (en) * 2017-02-06 2017-05-17 河海大学 Novel rainwater collecting device
CN106939635A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-07-11 上海应用技术大学 A kind of overpass rainwater primary filter and retention device
CN107724525A (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-02-23 单开禹 A kind of rainwater-collecting multifunctional heat insulating curtain wall

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CN106939635A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-07-11 上海应用技术大学 A kind of overpass rainwater primary filter and retention device
CN107724525A (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-02-23 单开禹 A kind of rainwater-collecting multifunctional heat insulating curtain wall

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