CN105669119A - Cement fiber board and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Cement fiber board and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105669119A
CN105669119A CN201511025011.6A CN201511025011A CN105669119A CN 105669119 A CN105669119 A CN 105669119A CN 201511025011 A CN201511025011 A CN 201511025011A CN 105669119 A CN105669119 A CN 105669119A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cement
fibrolite plate
water
cement fibrolite
parts
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201511025011.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨卓舒
陈强
孙吉利
余中华
邹阳陈
展庆月
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhuoda New Material Technology Group Weihai Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhuoda New Material Technology Group Weihai Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhuoda New Material Technology Group Weihai Co Ltd filed Critical Zhuoda New Material Technology Group Weihai Co Ltd
Priority to CN201511025011.6A priority Critical patent/CN105669119A/en
Publication of CN105669119A publication Critical patent/CN105669119A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/27Water resistance, i.e. waterproof or water-repellent materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/20Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the density
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of building materials and particularly relates to a cement fiber board and a preparation method thereof. The cement fiber board includes the following components, by weight, 50-100 parts of ordinary Portland cement, 3-5 parts of an adhesive, 6-7 parts of fly ash, 9-12 parts of wood chip, 3-6 parts of water, 2-8 parts of a waterproof agent, and 0.5-2.0 parts of a water reducer. The cement fiber board has light volume weight, is low in cost, is not liable to crack and has good water resistance.

Description

A kind of cement fibrolite plate and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material technical field, particularly relate to a kind of cement fibrolite plate and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
At present, and existing use cement is as the such as wooden cement-bonded wood chipboard of the fibreboard product of bonding agent, and this particieboard density is higher, uses and is subject to a definite limitation. The bonding agent that cement fibrolite plate uses in process of production mostly is resinae or isocyanates etc., in process of production, it is easy to produce harmful gas or the problem such as production cost is higher.
It is disclosed in the information of this background section and is merely intended to increase the understanding of the general background to the present invention, and be not construed as admitting or imply in any form that this information structure is for prior art that persons skilled in the art are known.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of cement fibrolite plate and preparation method thereof. This cement fibrolite plate low-carbon environment-friendly, light fire prevention, water proof and dust proof.
Technical scheme provided by the invention is:
A kind of cement fibrolite plate, comprises following components: Portland cement 50-100 part, binding agent 3-5 part, flyash 6-7 part, wood flour 9-12 part, water 3-6 part, waterproofing agent 2-8 part and water reducer 0.5-2.0 part by weight.
As preferably, described cement fibrolite plate, comprise following components by weight: Portland cement 60-70 part, binding agent 3-5 part, flyash 5-10 part, wood flour 5-15 part, water 2-10 part, waterproofing agent 2-8 part and water reducer 1.2-1.4 part.
As preferably, described binding agent is at least one in Oleum Verniciae fordii, syrup, dextrin, carboxymethyl cellulose, Colophonium and synthetic resin.
As preferably, described waterproofing agent is sodium methyl silicate or potassium methyl silicate.
As preferably, described water reducer is at least one in sodium lignin sulfonate, calcium lignosulfonate, naphthalenesulfonate formaldehyde condensation compound and polycarboxylate.
The preparation method that present invention also offers described cement fibrolite plate, comprises the following steps:
(1) first by Portland cement, flyash, wood flour adds water, stirs 2-10min;
(2) after being subsequently adding binding agent, waterproofing agent, water reducer, stir 1min, stand 5-10min;
(3) sending into roller horizontal line workshop, enter template fill roller and produce wet panel all one's life, send into the maintenance of maintenance workshop after cutting, maintenance is complete, namely obtains described cement fibrolite plate.
Compared with prior art, there is advantages that
(1) the cement fibrolite plate unit weight of the present invention is light, its porosity high (85-87%), the little (340-360kg/m of density3), say, that weight is lighter.
(2) the cement fibrolite plate cost of the present invention is low: adopts flyash, wood flour etc. to produce waste material, not only can turn waste into wealth but also can save cost.
(3) the cement fibrolite plate performance of the present invention is good, not easy to crack, and water resistance is good: form network structure after flyash, wood flour and cement mixing so that the fibreboard surface hardness made is good, not easy to crack.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, it is to be understood that protection scope of the present invention is not by the restriction of detailed description of the invention.
Explicitly indicate that unless otherwise other, otherwise in entire disclosure and claims, term " includes " or its conversion will be understood to comprise the element or ingredient stated at such as " comprising " or " including " etc., and does not get rid of other element or other ingredient.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of cement fibrolite plate, comprises following components: Portland cement 50 parts, binding agent 3 parts, 6 parts of flyash, wood flour 9 parts, 3 parts of water, waterproofing agent 2 parts and water reducer 0.5 part by weight; Described binding agent is Oleum Verniciae fordii; Described waterproofing agent is sodium methyl silicate; Described water reducer is sodium lignin sulfonate.
The preparation method that present invention also offers described cement fibrolite plate, comprises the following steps:
(1) first by Portland cement, flyash, wood flour adds water, stirs 2min;
(2) after being subsequently adding binding agent, waterproofing agent, water reducer, stir 1min, stand 5min;
(3) sending into roller horizontal line workshop, enter template fill roller and produce wet panel all one's life, send into the maintenance of maintenance workshop after cutting, maintenance is complete, namely obtains described cement fibrolite plate.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of cement fibrolite plate, comprises following components: Portland cement 100 parts, binding agent 5 parts, 7 parts of flyash, wood flour 12 parts, 6 parts of water, waterproofing agent 8 parts and water reducer 2.0 parts by weight; Described binding agent is dextrin; Described waterproofing agent is potassium methyl silicate; Described water reducer is naphthalenesulfonate formaldehyde condensation compound.
The preparation method that present invention also offers described cement fibrolite plate, comprises the following steps:
(1) first by Portland cement, flyash, wood flour adds water, stirs 10min;
(2) after being subsequently adding binding agent, waterproofing agent, water reducer, stir 1min, stand 10min;
(3) sending into roller horizontal line workshop, enter template fill roller and produce wet panel all one's life, send into the maintenance of maintenance workshop after cutting, maintenance is complete, namely obtains described cement fibrolite plate.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of cement fibrolite plate, comprises following components: Portland cement 70 parts, binding agent 4 parts, 6 parts of flyash, wood flour 10 parts, 5 parts of water, waterproofing agent 6 parts and water reducer 1.0 parts by weight; Described binding agent is carboxymethyl cellulose; Described waterproofing agent is sodium methyl silicate; Described water reducer is polycarboxylate.
The preparation method that present invention also offers described cement fibrolite plate, comprises the following steps:
(1) first by Portland cement, flyash, wood flour adds water, stirs 5min;
(2) after being subsequently adding binding agent, waterproofing agent, water reducer, stir 1min, stand 8min;
(3) sending into roller horizontal line workshop, enter template fill roller and produce wet panel all one's life, send into the maintenance of maintenance workshop after cutting, maintenance is complete, namely obtains described cement fibrolite plate.
Comparative example 1:
A kind of cement fibrolite plate, comprises following components: Portland cement 80 parts, 5 parts of water by weight.
The preparation method of described cement fibrolite plate is with embodiment 3.
Embodiment 4: the performance measurement of cement fibrolite plate of the present invention
Adopting 300KN (WE30) universal hydraulic testing machine (test instrunment is AEC-201 type strength of cement testing machine) to measure its rupture strength the cement fiberboard article of preparation in embodiment 1-3, comparative example 1, test result is in Table 1.
The performance measurement of table 1 anti-accumulation of salt in the surface soil sulphate aluminium cement goods of the present invention
As it can be seen from table 1 the rupture strength of the cement fibrolite plate of the present invention is far above comparative example 1, and apparent flawless, nothing cracking, its density is also far below comparative example 1.
Embodiment 5: the resistance to water of cement fibrolite plate of the present invention measures
5.1 test materials and method
Test material uses the cement fibrolite plate obtained by embodiment of the present invention 1-3 and comparative example 1.
Take 4 blocks of sheet materials, with paraffin and rosin blend (mass ratio 1:1), sheet material edge and the back side are closed. Then by the 1/2 of the sheet material area tap water immersing room temperature, observe, till foaming, efflorescence, peeling occurs in surface
5.2 test results and analysis
The resistance to water of table 2 cement fibrolite plate of the present invention measures
From table 2 it can be seen that the resistance to water of the cement fibrolite plate of the present invention is far above comparative example 1.
The aforementioned description to the specific illustrative embodiment of the present invention illustrates that and the purpose of illustration. These describe and are not wishing to limit the invention to disclosed precise forms, and it will be apparent that according to above-mentioned instruction, it is possible to carry out much changing and change. Purpose exemplary embodiment selected and describe is in that to explain the certain principles of the present invention and practical application thereof, so that those skilled in the art is capable of and utilizes the various different exemplary of the present invention and various different selection and change. The scope of the present invention is intended to be limited by claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (6)

1. a cement fibrolite plate, it is characterised in that comprise following components by weight: Portland cement 50-100 part, binding agent 3-5 part, flyash 6-7 part, wood flour 9-12 part, water 3-6 part, waterproofing agent 2-8 part and water reducer 0.5-2.0 part.
2. cement fibrolite plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprise following components by weight: Portland cement 60-70 part, binding agent 3-5 part, flyash 5-10 part, wood flour 5-15 part, water 2-10 part, waterproofing agent 2-8 part and water reducer 1.2-1.4 part.
3. cement fibrolite plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described binding agent is at least one in Oleum Verniciae fordii, syrup, dextrin, carboxymethyl cellulose, Colophonium and synthetic resin.
4. cement fibrolite plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described waterproofing agent is sodium methyl silicate or potassium methyl silicate.
5. cement fibrolite plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described water reducer is at least one in sodium lignin sulfonate, calcium lignosulfonate, naphthalenesulfonate formaldehyde condensation compound and polycarboxylate.
6. the preparation method according to the arbitrary described cement fibrolite plate of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) first by Portland cement, flyash, wood flour adds water, stirs 2-10min;
(2) after being subsequently adding binding agent, waterproofing agent, water reducer, stir 1min, stand 5-10min;
(3) sending into roller horizontal line workshop, enter template fill roller and produce wet panel all one's life, send into the maintenance of maintenance workshop after cutting, maintenance is complete, namely obtains described cement fibrolite plate.
CN201511025011.6A 2015-12-30 2015-12-30 Cement fiber board and preparation method thereof Pending CN105669119A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201511025011.6A CN105669119A (en) 2015-12-30 2015-12-30 Cement fiber board and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201511025011.6A CN105669119A (en) 2015-12-30 2015-12-30 Cement fiber board and preparation method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105669119A true CN105669119A (en) 2016-06-15

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Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2716632C1 (en) * 2019-04-11 2020-03-13 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Поволжский государственный технологический университет" Building material based on portland cement, tripoli powder and logging wastes, sawing and woodworking
CN112321221A (en) * 2020-09-29 2021-02-05 湖南臻镜绿色建筑科技有限公司 Formula and preparation process of high-hydrophobicity hollow extrusion molding fiber reinforced cement board

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1038631A (en) * 1988-06-23 1990-01-10 山东建筑材料工业学院 Composite plant fiber-cement board and preparation method
CN101891430A (en) * 2010-06-28 2010-11-24 上海衡峰氟碳材料有限公司 Flexible cement component, flexible cement product and preparation method and use thereof
CN103086677A (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-05-08 青岛中镁建材有限公司 Novel cement fiberboard structure
CN103406976A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-11-27 常熟市金亿复合材料有限公司 Method for manufacturing fiber cement board
CN105110744A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-12-02 安徽省中坤元新型建材有限公司 Wood-like cement fiberboard

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1038631A (en) * 1988-06-23 1990-01-10 山东建筑材料工业学院 Composite plant fiber-cement board and preparation method
CN101891430A (en) * 2010-06-28 2010-11-24 上海衡峰氟碳材料有限公司 Flexible cement component, flexible cement product and preparation method and use thereof
CN103086677A (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-05-08 青岛中镁建材有限公司 Novel cement fiberboard structure
CN103406976A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-11-27 常熟市金亿复合材料有限公司 Method for manufacturing fiber cement board
CN105110744A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-12-02 安徽省中坤元新型建材有限公司 Wood-like cement fiberboard

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2716632C1 (en) * 2019-04-11 2020-03-13 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Поволжский государственный технологический университет" Building material based on portland cement, tripoli powder and logging wastes, sawing and woodworking
CN112321221A (en) * 2020-09-29 2021-02-05 湖南臻镜绿色建筑科技有限公司 Formula and preparation process of high-hydrophobicity hollow extrusion molding fiber reinforced cement board

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Application publication date: 20160615

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