CN105667723B - A kind of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat - Google Patents

A kind of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105667723B
CN105667723B CN201510820921.7A CN201510820921A CN105667723B CN 105667723 B CN105667723 B CN 105667723B CN 201510820921 A CN201510820921 A CN 201510820921A CN 105667723 B CN105667723 B CN 105667723B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveyer belt
deck
hydraulic cylinder
lamellar
collecting
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CN201510820921.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105667723A (en
Inventor
林勇刚
丁渊
李弓苗
李伟
刘宏伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Zhongsheng Ship Equipment Co Ltd
Zhejiang University ZJU
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Zhejiang Zhongsheng Ship Equipment Co Ltd
Zhejiang University ZJU
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Application filed by Zhejiang Zhongsheng Ship Equipment Co Ltd, Zhejiang University ZJU filed Critical Zhejiang Zhongsheng Ship Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510820921.7A priority Critical patent/CN105667723B/en
Publication of CN105667723A publication Critical patent/CN105667723A/en
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Publication of CN105667723B publication Critical patent/CN105667723B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/32Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for for collecting pollution from open water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/104Conveyors; Paddle wheels; Endless belts

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat, its hull is twin hull structure, including the first lamellar body and the second lamellar body, front end between first lamellar body and the second lamellar body forms water suction horn mouth, the paddle wheel device of low pressure can be formed by being provided with the middle part of the rear end on deck, paddle wheel device includes rail brackets and the paddle wheel that can be lifted along rail brackets, the front portion on deck is provided with front deck and collects conveyer belt, middle deck conveyer belt is installed in the middle part of deck, first lamellar body and front deck are provided with the first secondary collection conveyer belt between collecting conveyer belt, second lamellar body and front deck are provided with the second secondary collection conveyer belt between collecting conveyer belt, first secondary collection conveyer belt, second secondary collect is flexibly connected between conveyer belt and front deck collection conveyer belt using network structure, the front end both sides that front deck collects conveyer belt are separately installed with collection swing arm.Advantage:The maximization that single stroke floating refuse reclaims area can be achieved, reduces back and forth reciprocal recovery operation, improves the organic efficiency of floating refuse.

Description

A kind of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automatic floating debris cleaning boat for collecting floating marine rubbish.
Background technology
Pollution of the mankind to marine environment is just becoming increasingly serious.It is persistent, artificial or processed in the rubbish of ocean Solid floating discarded object general increase, not only threaten the existence of marine organisms, and same to mankind's navigation safety Impact.Floating marine rubbish not only can be usually wrapped on the fishing net of fishing boat or propeller, influence navigation safety and Fishing operation, plastic garbage therein can also especially threaten navigation safety.Specifically, plastic garbage can snarl the spiral shell of ship Oar is revolved, the various plastic bottles of " magic bottle " are especially known as, they can damage hull and machine, cause accident and stagnation of movement, to boat Fortune company causes heavy losses.
Floating marine rubbish can also float towards seabeach along tide, make coastal environment by very big destruction.Not only can be to sea Foreign biology causes harm, and can also lead to the biological chain harm mankind.That is, floating marine rubbish is by fish, the marine organisms such as green turtle Or birds eat, substantial amounts of toxin is produced in vivo at it, and enter eventually into the food chain of the mankind.
Floating debris cleaning boat is a kind of equipment for collecting floating on water surface rubbish, and nowadays floating debris cleaning boat is carried out to reservoir or Sea area Floating refuse is reclaimed, but the floating refuse immediately ahead of the only recyclable travel path of these floating debris cleaning boats, the floating refuse of front both sides Inevitably it is missed, so causing single stroke to be cleared up, area is small, and cleaning effect is undesirable, is reclaimed due to single stroke Floating refuse area is small, therefore floating debris cleaning boat needs reciprocally to carry out floating refuse recovery back and forth so that the recovery work of floating refuse Make to repeat tediously long, the organic efficiency of floating refuse is not high, and man power and material is significantly lost.
The content of the invention
The present invention reclaims area for above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art there is provided a kind of achievable single stroke floating refuse Maximization, reduce the same area back and forth reciprocal recovery operation, improve the organic efficiency of floating refuse, manpower can be saved and The automatic floating debris cleaning boat in sea of material resources.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat, its hull is twin hull structure, including the first lamellar body positioned at left side, positioned at the right side Second lamellar body of side, is connected with deck between the first lamellar body and the second lamellar body, the afterbody of first lamellar body and the second lamellar body is equal The forward tail rudder and propeller of driving hull is installed, sail, the deck are also equipped between the first lamellar body and the second lamellar body On hydraulic power unit and hoist engine are installed;
The front end of first lamellar body is obliquely installed from Inside To Outside, and the front end of the second lamellar body is tilted from Inside To Outside Set, then the front end between the first lamellar body and the second lamellar body forms the water suction horn mouth of gradually enlarging;The rear end on the deck Middle part has the vacancy portion for being used for installing paddle wheel device, and paddle wheel device includes rail brackets and the paddle wheel of rotation is driven by motor, Rail brackets is fixed on the deck of vacancy portion both sides, and paddle wheel is fixed on the middle part of a below the crossbeam, rail brackets it is interior Side has a guide rail for sliding above and below the crossbeam, and the left end of crossbeam is fixed with the first movable pulley, and the right-hand member of crossbeam is fixed with the The first fixed pulley is fixed with the left of two movable pulleys, the upper end of rail brackets, the upper end right side of rail brackets is fixed with second and slided calmly Wheel, the right-hand member of the first steel wire rope and the upper end of rail brackets are fixed, and the first steel wire rope bypasses the first movable pulley and the first fixed pulley, The left end of second steel wire rope and the upper end of rail brackets are fixed, and the second steel wire rope bypasses the second movable pulley and the second fixed pulley, the The right-hand member of the left end of one steel wire rope and the second steel wire rope is lifted by the hoist engine sync pulling;
The front portion on the deck is provided with front deck and collects conveyer belt, and the middle part on deck is in being provided with middle deck conveying in sail Band, the front deck collects the left side of conveyer belt provided with the first secondary collection conveyer belt, and the first secondary conveyer belt of collecting is located at described first Lamellar body and front deck are in sector structure between collecting conveyer belt, and conveying is collected in the right side that the front deck collects conveyer belt provided with the second pair Band, it is in sector structure, the first secondary collection that the second secondary collection conveyer belt, which is located between second lamellar body and front deck collection conveyer belt, Conveyer belt and front deck are flexibly connected between collecting conveyer belt using network structure, and the second secondary conveyer belt of collecting is collected with front deck Also it is flexibly connected between conveyer belt using network structure, the described first secondary belt direction for collecting conveyer belt is to be tilted towards A left side, the second secondary belt direction for collecting conveyer belt is tilts to the right, and front deck collects the conveyer belt of conveyer belt and middle deck conveyer belt Direction is longitudinal direction, and the middle deck conveyer belt is fixed on deck by support member, is placed in the end that front deck collects conveyer belt;
The front end both sides that the front deck collects conveyer belt are separately installed with collection swing arm, and the collection swing arm is collected with front deck Connected between the sidepiece of conveyer belt by first hydraulic cylinder, one end of first hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with the collection swing arm, the The other end of one hydraulic cylinder is connected by the first unidirectional hinge with the sidepiece that the front deck collects conveyer belt, and the collection swing arm is also Directly it is hinged between collecting the sidepiece of conveyer belt by the second unidirectional hinge and front deck, the collection swing arm can be along the second unidirectional hinge Chain adjusts opening angle to both sides;
The front deck collect conveyer belt pass on left second hydraulic cylinder and the 3rd unidirectional hinge is connected with deck, the second liquid Cylinder pressure is located at before the 3rd unidirectional hinge, and the left side that conveyer belt is collected in the upper end of second hydraulic cylinder with front deck passes through the 4th Unidirectional chain connection, the lower end of second hydraulic cylinder is with deck by the 5th unidirectional chain connection, and the front deck collects conveyer belt Right side is connected by the 3rd hydraulic cylinder and the 6th unidirectional hinge with deck, the connected mode of the 3rd hydraulic cylinder and second hydraulic pressure The connected mode of cylinder is symmetrical, connected mode of the connected mode of the 6th unidirectional hinge and the 3rd unidirectional hinge or so pair Claim, second hydraulic cylinder, the 3rd unidirectional hinge, the 3rd hydraulic cylinder, the 6th unidirectional hinge make it that front deck collects conveyer belt can be along front and rear Direction rotates;
Described first it is secondary collect conveyer belt pass on left the 4th hydraulic cylinder and the 5th hydraulic cylinder is connected with deck, the 4th liquid Cylinder pressure is located at before the 5th hydraulic cylinder, and the upper end of the 4th hydraulic cylinder passes through the first universal coupling and the first secondary left side for collecting conveyer belt Sidepiece is connected, and the lower end of the 4th hydraulic cylinder is connected by the second universal coupling with deck, and the upper end of the 5th hydraulic cylinder passes through the 3rd Universal coupling is connected with the first secondary left side for collecting conveyer belt, and lower end and the deck of the 5th hydraulic cylinder pass through the 7th unidirectional hinge Connection, the rotation direction of the 7th unidirectional hinge is to be rotated from the left of hull to mid-ship;Described first secondary collection conveyer belt Right side is connected by the 6th hydraulic cylinder and the 4th universal coupling with deck, and the 6th hydraulic cylinder is located at before the 4th universal coupling, the The upper end of six hydraulic cylinders is connected by the 5th universal coupling with the first secondary right side for collecting conveyer belt, the lower end of the 6th hydraulic cylinder It is connected by the 8th unidirectional hinge with deck, the free bearing of the 4th universal coupling is fixed with deck;
Described second it is secondary collect conveyer belt pass on left the 7th hydraulic cylinder and the 6th universal coupling is connected with deck, second The right side that pair collects conveyer belt is connected by the 8th hydraulic cylinder and the 9th hydraulic cylinder with deck, the second secondary collection conveyer belt and deck Connected mode and first it is secondary collect conveyer belt and the connected mode on deck is symmetrical, the first secondary conveyer belt and deck of collecting Connected mode make it that the first secondary conveyer belt of collecting can along the longitudinal direction rotate and be overturn to the direction that front deck collects conveyer belt, the The connected mode that second mate collects conveyer belt and deck make it that the second secondary conveyer belt of collecting can rotate and to front deck along the longitudinal direction Collect the direction upset of conveyer belt;
The first hydraulic cylinder to the 9th hydraulic cylinder is driven flexible respectively by the hydraulic power unit on the deck;
Paddle wheel during the inoperative period in the paddle wheel device is on the water surface, in the traction of hoist engine during working hour Under the paddle wheel sink to water surface lower work along the guide rail on the inside of rail brackets, paddle wheel produces low pressure by rotary work, is subject to The hull water suction bell-mouthed guide functions when advancing, make the floating refuse of both sides in front of hull be drifted about to postmedian, by the One secondary collection conveyer belt and the second secondary conveyer belt of collecting are collected, under the guide effect that swing arm is collected in hull traveling process, ship Floating refuse immediately ahead of body enters the front deck and collects the interior collection of conveyer belt, and the first pair collects conveyer belt and the second secondary collection is defeated The direction that conveyer belt can be collected to the front deck by sending band overturns and the floating refuse of collection is delivered into front deck and collects in conveyer belt, Front deck collect conveyer belt can back rotation the floating refuse of collection is delivered in middle deck conveyer belt.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1st, marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat of the present invention, is additionally arranged paddle wheel device in afterbody, collects and convey in front deck The both sides of band are additionally arranged the first secondary collection conveyer belt and the second secondary collection conveyer belt, when carrying out floating refuse recovery, can make bright Wheel submerged rotary work coordinates the bell-mouthed guide functions that absorbed water in traveling process to form low pressure, makes two in front of hull The floating refuse of side drifts about to postmedian, and the first secondary collection conveyer belt and the second pair for collecting conveyer belt both sides by front deck collect defeated Send with the floating refuse for collecting two lateral postmedian drifts in front of hull, be achieved in that single stroke floating refuse reclaims area Maximization, reduce the same area reciprocal recovery operation back and forth, improve the organic efficiency of floating refuse;
2nd, in marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat of the present invention, hull traveling process in the case where collecting the guide effect of swing arm, by Floating refuse immediately ahead of the relative motion of hull and water, hull enters to be collected in front deck collection conveyer belt, the first secondary receipts The direction upset of conveyer belt can be collected to front deck by collecting conveyer belt and the second secondary conveyer belt of collecting, and the floating refuse of collection is delivered to Front deck collect conveyer belt in, front deck collect conveyer belt can back rotation the floating refuse of collection is conveyed into middle deck conveyer belt.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of three dimensional structure diagram of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of right view of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of top view of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of structure chart of the paddle wheel device of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat of the present invention;
Fig. 5 collects swing arm and the attachment structure figure of front deck collection conveyer belt for the present invention's;
Fig. 6 collects the left side of conveyer belt and the left view connection figure on deck for the front deck of the present invention;
The right side on right side and deck that Fig. 7 collects conveyer belt for the front deck of the present invention regards connection figure;
Left sides and the left view connection figure on deck of the Fig. 8 for the first secondary collection conveyer belt of the present invention;
Fig. 9 regards connection figure for the right side on the first secondary right side for collecting conveyer belt and deck of the present invention;
Left sides and the left view connection figure on deck of the Figure 10 for the second secondary collection conveyer belt of the present invention;
Figure 11 regards connection figure for the right side on the second secondary right side for collecting conveyer belt and deck of the present invention.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, a kind of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat, its hull is twin hull structure, including positioned at left side First lamellar body 1, the second lamellar body 2 positioned at right side, are connected with deck 3, described first between the first lamellar body 1 and the second lamellar body 2 The tail vane 4 and propeller 5 that are mounted on driving hull forward of the lamellar body 2 of body 1 and second, between the first lamellar body 1 and the second lamellar body 2 It is also equipped with that hydraulic power unit 7 and hoist engine 8 are installed on sail 6, the deck 3.Collected not shown in Fig. 1 in swing arm 18, Fig. 2 The not shown first secondary pair of conveyer belt 14, second of collecting collects conveyer belt 15 and collects swing arm 18.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, the front end of first lamellar body 1 is obliquely installed from Inside To Outside, the front end of the second lamellar body 2 It is obliquely installed from Inside To Outside, then the front end between the first lamellar body 1 and the second lamellar body 2 forms the water suction loudspeaker of gradually enlarging Mouth 9;There is the vacancy portion 11 for being used for installing paddle wheel device 10, as shown in figure 4, paddle wheel device 10 in the middle part of the rear end on the deck 3 The paddle wheel 103 of rotation is driven including rail brackets 101 and by motor 102, rail brackets 101 is fixed on the both sides of vacancy portion 11 Deck on, paddle wheel 103 is arranged on the middle part of the lower section of crossbeam 105 by a vertical beam 104, and the inner side of rail brackets 101 has can The guide rail 106 slided for the crossbeam about 105, the left end of crossbeam 105 is fixed with the first movable pulley 107, and the right-hand member of crossbeam is consolidated Surely have and two the first fixed pulleys 109 for being in sustained height be fixed with the left of the second movable pulley 108, the upper end of rail brackets 101, The second fixed pulley 110 of two and the sustained height of the first fixed pulley 109, the first steel are fixed with the right side of the upper end of rail brackets 101 The upper end of the right-hand member of cord 111 and rail brackets 101 is fixed, and the first steel wire rope 111 bypasses the He of the first movable pulley 107 afterwards Two the first fixed pulleys 109, the left end of the first steel wire rope 111 draws lifting, the second steel wire rope 112 by the hoist engine 8 on deck 3 The upper end of left end and rail brackets 101 fix, the second steel wire rope 112 bypasses second movable pulley 108 and two afterwards Two fixed pulleys 110, the right-hand member of the second steel wire rope 11 is lifted by the same sync pulling of hoist engine 8, in the present embodiment, sets two the One fixed pulley 109 be in order that the first steel wire rope 111 more quietly drawn, set two the second fixed pulleys 110 also for So that the second steel wire rope 112 is more quietly drawn.
As shown in figure 3, the front portion on the deck 3, which is provided with front deck, collects conveyer belt 12, the middle part on deck 3 is in sail 6 Middle deck conveyer belt 13 is installed, the front deck collects the left side of conveyer belt 12 provided with the first secondary collection conveyer belt 14, and the first pair is received It is in sector structure to collect conveyer belt 14 to be located between first lamellar body 1 and front deck collection conveyer belt 12, and the front deck collects conveying With 12 right side provided with the second secondary collection conveyer belt 15, the second secondary conveyer belt 15 of collecting is located at second lamellar body 2 and front deck receipts It is in using network structure between collection conveyer belt 12 between sector structure, the first secondary collection conveyer belt 14 and front deck collection conveyer belt 12 16 are flexibly connected, and are also carried out between the second secondary collection conveyer belt 15 and front deck collection conveyer belt 12 using network structure 16 soft Property connection, the described first secondary belt direction for collecting conveyer belt 14 is tilts to the left, to collect what left forward side drift came Floating refuse, the second secondary belt direction for collecting conveyer belt 15 is tilts to the right, to collect the drift that right forward side drift comes Floating rubbish, it is longitudinal direction that front deck, which collects the belt direction of conveyer belt 12 and middle deck conveyer belt 13, and front deck is collected conveyer belt 12 and is used to Floating refuse immediately ahead of collection, the middle deck conveyer belt 13 is fixed on deck 3 by support member 17, is placed in front deck and is collected conveying With 12 end.During working condition, front deck collects conveyer belt 12 and the first secondary pair of conveyer belt 14 and second of collecting of both sides is collected The equal front end of conveyer belt 15, which to be dipped down, tiltedly stretch into water, and floating refuse is collected by the operating of respective conveyer belt.
As shown in figure 5, the front end both sides that the front deck collects conveyer belt 12 are separately installed with collection swing arm 18, it is described to collect Swing arm 18 and front deck are connected between collecting the sidepiece of conveyer belt 12 by first hydraulic cylinder 19, one end of first hydraulic cylinder 19 and institute State collection swing arm 18 to be fixedly connected, the other end of first hydraulic cylinder 19 is collected by the first unidirectional hinge 20 and the front deck to be conveyed It is described to collect swing arm 18 also by between the sidepiece of the second unidirectional hinge 21 and front deck collection conveyer belt 12 with the connection of 12 sidepiece Directly it is hinged, the collection swing arm 18 can adjust opening angle along the second unidirectional hinge 21 to both sides.
As shown in fig. 6, the front deck collect conveyer belt 12 pass on left the unidirectional hinge 23 of second hydraulic cylinder 22 and the 3rd It is connected with deck, second hydraulic cylinder 22 is located at before the 3rd unidirectional hinge 23, the upper end of second hydraulic cylinder 22 is collected with front deck receives The left side of collection conveyer belt 12 is connected by the 4th unidirectional hinge 24, and the lower end and deck 3 of second hydraulic cylinder 22 are single by the 5th Connected to hinge 25, as shown in fig. 7, the right side that the front deck collects conveyer belt 12 passes through the 3rd hydraulic cylinder 26 and the 6th unidirectional hinge Chain 27 is connected with deck, and the connected mode of the 3rd hydraulic cylinder 26 and the connected mode of the second hydraulic cylinder 22 are symmetrical, the Six unidirectional hinges and 27 connected mode and the connected mode of the 3rd unidirectional hinge 23 are symmetrical, second hydraulic cylinder 22, 3rd unidirectional hinge 23, the 3rd hydraulic cylinder 26, the 6th unidirectional hinge 27 make it that front deck is collected conveyer belt 12 and can revolved along the longitudinal direction Turn.
As shown in figure 8, described first it is secondary collect conveyer belt 14 pass on left the 4th hydraulic cylinder 28 and the 5th hydraulic cylinder 29 It is connected with deck 3, the 4th hydraulic cylinder 28 is located at before the 5th hydraulic cylinder 29, and the upper end of the 4th hydraulic cylinder 28 passes through the first universal hinge Chain 30 is connected with the first secondary left side for collecting conveyer belt 14, and the lower end of the 4th hydraulic cylinder 28 passes through the second universal coupling 31 and first Plate 3 is connected, and the upper end of the 5th hydraulic cylinder 29 is connected by the 3rd universal coupling 32 with the first secondary left side for collecting conveyer belt 14, The lower end of 5th hydraulic cylinder 29 is connected with base 33 by the 7th unidirectional hinge 34, and the base 33 is fixed with deck 3, and the 7th is single It is to be rotated to mid-ship on the left of the hull to the rotation direction of hinge 34, reflection in the figure 7 can be to for the 7th unidirectional hinge 34 Paper rotation in surface;As shown in figure 9, the described first secondary right side for collecting conveyer belt 14 passes through the 6th hydraulic cylinder 35 and the 4th universal hinge Chain 36 is connected with deck 3, and the 6th hydraulic cylinder 35 is located at before the 4th universal coupling 36, and the upper end of the 6th hydraulic cylinder 35 passes through the 5th Universal coupling 37 is connected with the first secondary right side for collecting conveyer belt 14, and the lower end of the 6th hydraulic cylinder 35 passes through the 8th unidirectional hinge 38 are connected with deck 3, and the free bearing of the 4th universal coupling 36 is fixed with deck 3.
As shown in Figure 10, described second it is secondary collect conveyer belt 15 pass on left the 7th hydraulic cylinder 39 and the 6th universal coupling 40 are connected with deck, as shown in figure 11, and the second secondary right side for collecting conveyer belt 15 passes through the 8th hydraulic cylinder 41 and the 9th hydraulic cylinder 42 are connected with deck, the second secondary connected mode for collecting conveyer belt 15 and the first secondary connected mode for collecting conveyer belt 14 or so pair Claim, the first secondary conveyer belt 14 of collecting make it that the first secondary conveyer belt 14 of collecting can rotate along the longitudinal direction with the connected mode on deck 3 And overturn to the direction that front deck collects conveyer belt 12, the second secondary collection conveyer belt 15 and the connected mode on deck 3 cause second Pair, which collects conveyer belt 15, can along the longitudinal direction rotate and be overturn to the direction that front deck collects conveyer belt 12.
The hydraulic cylinder 42 of first hydraulic cylinder 19 to the 9th is driven flexible respectively by the hydraulic power unit 7 on the deck 3.
The operation principle of the present embodiment:Paddle wheel device 10 is additionally arranged in afterbody, during the inoperative period, paddle wheel device 10 In paddle wheel 103 be in the water surface on, in the same of the steel wire rope 112 of 8 pair of first steel wire rope of hoist engine 111 and second during working hour Under step traction, guide rail 106 of the paddle wheel 103 along the inner side of rail brackets 101 sinks to water surface lower work, and paddle wheel 103 passes through during work Rotation produces low pressure, and the guide functions of the water suction horn mouth 9, make the floating refuse of both sides in front of hull when coordinating hull to advance Drifted about to postmedian, and the first secondary pair of conveyer belt 14 and second of collecting is additionally arranged in the both sides that front deck collects conveyer belt 12 and collect defeated Band 15 is sent, two lateral postmedian drifts in front of hull are collected by the first secondary secondary conveyer belt 15 of collecting of conveyer belt 14 and second of collecting Floating refuse, the first secondary secondary conveyer belt 15 of collecting of conveyer belt 14 and second of collecting can collect the direction of conveyer belt 12 to the front deck Overturn and the floating refuse of collection is delivered to front deck and collect in conveyer belt 12, in addition, collecting swing arm in hull traveling process Under 18 guide effect, the floating refuse immediately ahead of hull enters to be collected in front deck collection conveyer belt 12, so, is realized Single stroke floating refuse reclaims the maximization of area, reduces the same area reciprocal recovery operation back and forth, improves drift The organic efficiency of floating rubbish.
During work, front deck collects conveyer belt 12 and the first secondary pair of conveyer belt 14 and second of collecting of both sides collects conveyer belt 15 stretch into water diagonally downward for front end, as in Fig. 2 front deck collect conveyer belt shown in, during work front deck collect conveyer belt 12 with And the first secondary pair of conveyer belt 14 and second of collecting of both sides collects conveyer belt 15, the conveyer belt of three is operated, to collect front And the floating refuse of front both sides, the first secondary secondary collection conveyer belt 15 of collection conveyer belt 14 and second can be collected to front deck to be conveyed With the upset of 12 direction, the floating refuse of collection is delivered to front deck and collected in conveyer belt 12, front deck collects conveyer belt 12 can be to Rotate afterwards and the floating refuse of collection is conveyed into middle deck conveyer belt 13, the floating refuse collected after pulling in shore in middle deck conveyer belt 13 It can be transported on the bank.During inoperative, front deck collects conveyer belt 12 and the first secondary pair of conveyer belt 14 and second of collecting of both sides is received Conveyer belt 15 can back rotation takes deck 3 back to collection diagonally downward by front end, it is to avoid the long-term immersion effect service life in water.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Modification, equivalent and improvement for being made within principle etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat, its hull is twin hull structure, including the first lamellar body positioned at left side, positioned at right side The second lamellar body, deck is connected between the first lamellar body and the second lamellar body, the afterbody of first lamellar body and the second lamellar body is pacified Equipped with the forward tail rudder and propeller of driving hull, it is also equipped between the first lamellar body and the second lamellar body on sail, the deck Hydraulic power unit and hoist engine are installed;It is characterized in that:
The front end of first lamellar body is obliquely installed from Inside To Outside, and the front end of the second lamellar body is tilted from Inside To Outside to be set Put, then the front end between the first lamellar body and the second lamellar body forms the water suction horn mouth of gradually enlarging;In the rear end on the deck Portion has the vacancy portion for being used for installing paddle wheel device, and paddle wheel device includes rail brackets and the paddle wheel of rotation is driven by motor, leads Rail support is fixed on the deck of vacancy portion both sides, and paddle wheel is fixed on the middle part of a below the crossbeam, the inner side of rail brackets With the guide rail for being slided above and below the crossbeam, the left end of crossbeam is fixed with the first movable pulley, and the right-hand member of crossbeam is fixed with second It is fixed with the left of movable pulley, the upper end of rail brackets on the right side of the first fixed pulley, the upper end of rail brackets and is fixed with the second fixed pulley, The right-hand member of first steel wire rope and the upper end of rail brackets are fixed, and the first steel wire rope bypasses the first movable pulley and the first fixed pulley, the The left end of two steel wire ropes and the upper end of rail brackets are fixed, and the second steel wire rope bypasses the second movable pulley and the second fixed pulley, first The right-hand member of the left end of steel wire rope and the second steel wire rope is lifted by the hoist engine sync pulling;
The front portion on the deck is provided with front deck and collects conveyer belt, and the middle part on deck is in being provided with middle deck conveyer belt, institute in sail State front deck collect the left side of conveyer belt provided with first it is secondary collect conveyer belt, first it is secondary collect conveyer belt be located at first lamellar body with Front deck is in sector structure between collecting conveyer belt, and conveyer belt is collected in the right side that the front deck collects conveyer belt provided with the second pair, the It is in sector structure that second mate, which collects conveyer belt to be located between second lamellar body and front deck collection conveyer belt, and the first pair collects conveyer belt It is flexibly connected between collecting conveyer belt with front deck using network structure, the second secondary conveyer belt of collecting collects conveyer belt with front deck Between be also flexibly connected using network structure, the described first secondary belt direction for collecting conveyer belt for inclination to the left, the Second mate collects the belt direction of conveyer belt to tilt to the right, and front deck collects conveyer belt and the belt direction of middle deck conveyer belt is Longitudinal direction, the middle deck conveyer belt is fixed on deck by support member, is placed in the end that front deck collects conveyer belt;
The front end both sides that the front deck collects conveyer belt are separately installed with collection swing arm, and the collection swing arm is collected with front deck and conveyed Connected between the sidepiece of band by first hydraulic cylinder, one end of first hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with the collection swing arm, the first liquid The other end of cylinder pressure is connected by the first unidirectional hinge with the sidepiece that the front deck collects conveyer belt, and the collection swing arm also passes through Second unidirectional hinge and front deck is directly hinged between collecting the sidepiece of conveyer belt, the collection swing arm can along the second unidirectional hinge to Both sides adjust opening angle;
The front deck collect conveyer belt pass on left second hydraulic cylinder and the 3rd unidirectional hinge is connected with deck, second hydraulic cylinder Before the 3rd unidirectional hinge, the upper end of second hydraulic cylinder and the left side that front deck collects conveyer belt are unidirectional by the 4th Chain connection, the lower end of second hydraulic cylinder is with deck by the 5th unidirectional chain connection, and the front deck collects the right side of conveyer belt It is connected by the 3rd hydraulic cylinder and the 6th unidirectional hinge with deck, the connected mode of the 3rd hydraulic cylinder and the second hydraulic cylinder Connected mode is symmetrical, and the connected mode of the connected mode of the 6th unidirectional hinge and the 3rd unidirectional hinge is symmetrical, Second hydraulic cylinder, the 3rd unidirectional hinge, the 3rd hydraulic cylinder, the 6th unidirectional hinge make it that front deck collection conveyer belt can be along the longitudinal direction Rotation;
Described first it is secondary collect conveyer belt pass on left the 4th hydraulic cylinder and the 5th hydraulic cylinder is connected with deck, the 4th hydraulic cylinder Before the 5th hydraulic cylinder, the upper end of the 4th hydraulic cylinder passes through the first universal coupling and the first secondary left side for collecting conveyer belt Connection, the lower end of the 4th hydraulic cylinder is connected by the second universal coupling with deck, and the upper end of the 5th hydraulic cylinder is universal by the 3rd Hinge is connected with the first secondary left side for collecting conveyer belt, and lower end and the deck of the 5th hydraulic cylinder are connected by the 7th unidirectional hinge Connect, the rotation direction of the 7th unidirectional hinge is to be rotated from the left of hull to mid-ship;The described first secondary right side for collecting conveyer belt Side is connected by the 6th hydraulic cylinder and the 4th universal coupling with deck, and the 6th hydraulic cylinder is located at before the 4th universal coupling, and the 6th The upper end of hydraulic cylinder is connected by the 5th universal coupling with the first secondary right side for collecting conveyer belt, and the lower end of the 6th hydraulic cylinder leads to Cross the 8th unidirectional hinge to be connected with deck, the free bearing of the 4th universal coupling is fixed with deck;
Described second it is secondary collect conveyer belt pass on left the 7th hydraulic cylinder and the 6th universal coupling be connected with deck, the second pair receipts The right side of collection conveyer belt is connected by the 8th hydraulic cylinder and the 9th hydraulic cylinder with deck, the second secondary company for collecting conveyer belt and deck The connected mode for connecing mode and the first secondary collection conveyer belt and deck is symmetrical, the first secondary connection for collecting conveyer belt and deck Mode make it that the first secondary conveyer belt of collecting can along the longitudinal direction rotate and be overturn to the direction that front deck collects conveyer belt, and second is secondary The connected mode for collecting conveyer belt and deck make it that the second secondary conveyer belt of collecting can along the longitudinal direction rotate and be collected to front deck The direction upset of conveyer belt;
The first hydraulic cylinder to the 9th hydraulic cylinder is driven flexible respectively by the hydraulic power unit on the deck;
Paddle wheel during the inoperative period in the paddle wheel device is on the water surface, during working hour under the traction of hoist engine institute State wheel clearly and sink to water surface lower work along the guide rail on the inside of rail brackets, paddle wheel produces low pressure by rotary work, is subject to hull The bell-mouthed guide functions of water suction, make the floating refuse of both sides in front of hull be drifted about to postmedian during traveling, secondary by first Collect conveyer belt and the second secondary conveyer belt of collecting is collected, under the guide effect that swing arm is collected in hull traveling process, hull is just The floating refuse in front enters the front deck and collects the interior collection of conveyer belt, and the first pair collects conveyer belt and the second secondary collection conveyer belt The direction upset of conveyer belt can be collected to the front deck and the floating refuse of collection is delivered to front deck and is collected in conveyer belt, front deck Collect conveyer belt can back rotation the floating refuse of collection is delivered in middle deck conveyer belt.
2. a kind of marine automatic floating debris cleaning boat as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:First fixed pulley has two, two Individual first fixed pulley is each attached on the left of the upper end of rail brackets, and the first steel wire rope bypasses the first movable pulley and two first fixed sliding It is connected after wheel with hoist engine, second fixed pulley there are two, and the upper end that two the second fixed pulleys are each attached to rail brackets is right Side, two the first fixed pulleys and two the second fixed pulleys are in sustained height, and the second steel wire rope bypasses the second movable pulley and two It is connected after second fixed pulley with hoist engine.
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CN107401152B (en) * 2017-09-15 2019-04-16 中煤(北京)环保工程有限公司 Garbage cleaning device on a kind of miniature water
CN107761685B (en) * 2017-09-28 2019-09-17 复旦大学 A kind of quick removal device and method of water body algal tufa
CN110326588B (en) * 2019-08-14 2021-03-16 浙江海洋大学 Fishing device and fishing method for fishing boat
CN111360006A (en) * 2020-04-14 2020-07-03 夏邦传 Bottom sludge cleaning device for sewage purification tank

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