CN105661612A - Insulation full-automatic solar tobacco curing barn - Google Patents

Insulation full-automatic solar tobacco curing barn Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105661612A
CN105661612A CN201610100280.2A CN201610100280A CN105661612A CN 105661612 A CN105661612 A CN 105661612A CN 201610100280 A CN201610100280 A CN 201610100280A CN 105661612 A CN105661612 A CN 105661612A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flue
cured tobacco
tobacco room
humidity
insulation
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610100280.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈泽鹏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUANGDONG BRANCH OF CHINA NATIONAL TOBACCO Corp
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GUANGDONG BRANCH OF CHINA NATIONAL TOBACCO Corp
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Filing date
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Application filed by GUANGDONG BRANCH OF CHINA NATIONAL TOBACCO Corp filed Critical GUANGDONG BRANCH OF CHINA NATIONAL TOBACCO Corp
Priority to CN201610100280.2A priority Critical patent/CN105661612A/en
Publication of CN105661612A publication Critical patent/CN105661612A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B3/00Preparing tobacco in the factory
    • A24B3/10Roasting or cooling tobacco

Abstract

The invention discloses an insulation full-automatic solar tobacco curing barn which is characterized in that a first draught fan is arranged at the lower part of a hot-air chamber at a position close to an air inlet; a second draught fan blowing upwards is arranged at the lower part of the tobacco curing barn at a position opposite to the first draught fan; a tobacco hanging rack comprises vertically arranged vertical rods and transversely arranged cross rods; a plurality of clamping parts used for clamping the cross rods are arranged on the vertical rods; a solar power system is arranged on the roof of the tobacco curing barn; a temperature and humidity measurement device is arranged in the tobacco curing barn; a control host computer is arranged on the tobacco curing barn; the control host computer is connected with each of the temperature and humidity measurement device, a heating device, the first draught fan, the second draught fan and the solar power system through cables; a control panel is further arranged at the outer part of the control host computer; an observation window is arranged on the side wall of the tobacco curing barn. According to the insulation full-automatic solar tobacco curing barn, the solar power system supplies power to the electric appliances in the tobacco curing barn, so that the electric equipment investment is reduced, and the comprehensive electricity utilization cost is reduced; automation control is realized, so that full-automatic and intelligent tobacco curing is realized; meanwhile, a humidity collection system is arranged in the tobacco curing barn, so that the humidity management and control are facilitated.

Description

The full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of a kind of insulation
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of flue-cured tobacco equipment, more specifically, it relates to the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of a kind of insulation.
Background technology
Flue-cured tobacco room is basic equipment indispensable in cured tobacco production. Flue-cured tobacco room, after interior baking is modulated, just shows the distinctive look of flue-cured tobacco, perfume (or spice), taste, type, becomes the high quality raw material meeting cigarette industry needs. Its ultimate principle is after tobacco leaf is heated, and the moisture in tobacco leaf is discharged, and moisture is discharged outside flue-cured tobacco room after vaporizing, thus makes tobacco leaf scalding, drying.
Existing smoke hanging shelf can not adjust so that user hangs tobacco leaf and collecting in the process of tobacco leaf inconvenient. And can not effectively utilize solar energy resources. And the inadequate automatization of control to flue-cured tobacco room. And the room heat-insulated effect of existing flue-cured tobacco is poor.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is at least one defect overcome described in above-mentioned prior art, it is provided that the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of a kind of insulation, and its structure is simple, easy to use, and effectively utilizes solar energy resources, and can Automated condtrol.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of a kind of insulation, wherein, the flue-cured tobacco room comprise the hot air chamber being provided with heating unit, being provided with smoke hanging shelf, by blast inlet and return air interruption-forming cycle flue between flue-cured tobacco room and hot air chamber, described heating unit connects heat transfer tube;
Described hot air chamber bottom is provided with the first blower fan near blast inlet, and described bottom, flue-cured tobacco room and the opposite position of the first blower fan are provided with the 2nd blower fan upwards dried; Described smoke hanging shelf comprises the cross bar erected to the montant arranged, arranged transversely, and described montant is provided with the Access Division that multiple card connects cross bar;
Flue-cured tobacco room is also provided with device of solar generating on roof;
Described flue-cured tobacco indoor are provided with Temperature and Humidity device, and flue-cured tobacco room is also provided with main control system, and main control system is connected with Temperature and Humidity device, heating unit, the first blower fan, the 2nd blower fan, device of solar generating respectively by cable;
Also being provided with control panel outside described main control system, the sidewall of flue-cured tobacco room is provided with viewing window. In the present invention, the working order in flue-cured tobacco room can be controlled by control panel user, by the state observing tobacco leaf that viewing window can be real-time, such as color, shape etc.
Device of solar generating can be powered for the electrical equipment in flue-cured tobacco room, reduces electrical equipment investment, and very environmental protection, reduces comprehensive electric cost.
Flue-cured tobacco room also comprises humidity collection system, described humidity collection system comprises humidity sensor, humidity signal processing unit, wireless transmission unit, radio receiving unit, microprocessor and PC, described humidity sensor, humidity signal processing unit and wireless transmission unit are electrically connected successively, humidity sensor exports Digital Humidity signal, and described radio receiving unit, microprocessor and PC are electrically connected successively.
Further, the number of described humidity sensor is multiple, is arranged at multiple positions in flue-cured tobacco room respectively, and the observed value of individual humidity sensor being averaged to obtain the medial humidity in flue-cured tobacco room, is convenient to carry out moisture management and control. Described humidity signal processing unit adopts STC12LE5408 micro-chip, described wireless transmission unit and radio receiving unit all adopt nRF24L01 wireless receiving and dispatching device, the CE of nRF24L01 wireless receiving and dispatching device, CSN, SCK, MOSI, MISO, IRQ pin connects P15, P14, P13, P12, P11 and P10 port of STC12LE5408 micro-chip respectively; Described microprocessor adopts AT89S52 micro-chip. Described PC is also electrically connected with warning unit, and when humidity is higher than the wet threshold value of default height or lower than default low wet threshold value, warning unit sends guard signal.
In the present invention, the first blower fan alignment blast inlet, makes hot blast blow to flue-cured tobacco room from hot air chamber, and the 2nd blower fan is located at bottom the sidewall of flue-cured tobacco room, makes the hot blast from the first blower fan blowout accelerate to rise in side-walls, then is back in hot air chamber by return air mouth.
In the present invention, being air-flow ascending manner flue-cured tobacco room, the air of flue-cured tobacco indoor moves from bottom to top and carries out damp and hot exchange with tobacco leaf; Certainly, airflow descending type compression flue-cured tobacco room can be changed in the position changing blower fan, the air of flue-cured tobacco indoor is moved from top to bottom and carries out damp and hot exchange with tobacco leaf, and the conversion of above-mentioned position is also in protection scope of the present invention. In addition, also can reduce the quantity of blower fan according to actual needs, as long as ensureing the circulating effect of air.
In addition, in the present invention, room body can adopt brick mix structure or mobile board house structure, and the benefit of brick mix structure is that its rugged construction is stablized, and can resist the accident of various naturally-occurring so that the carrying out baking that tobacco leaf can be stable preserves.
And the benefit adopting mobile board house structure is to facilitate installing/dismounting, owing to flue-cured tobacco room is generally built in the place near tobacco leaf growth, and consider the situation of soil, disease and pest, nutrient balance, the rule of a crop rotation in 3 years is generally followed in the growth of tobacco leaf, after earth completes the time of kind of cigarette, it is possible to be not suitable for the growth of tobacco leaf, therefore, adopt mobile board house structure entirety to move, meet the actual needs of production, it is to increase the utilization ratio in flue-cured tobacco room; The more important thing is and improve land utilization ratio so that soil can obtain rational layout, transfer to the place of production from unproductive place, it is to increase the utilization ratio of resource.
In addition, owing to the length of tobacco leaf is generally 60-70cm, the number of plies that cross bar is arranged is 3-4 layer.In flue-cured tobacco room, also it is provided with small generator, for standby, prevents solar powered insufficient.
And montant is provided with the Access Division that multiple card connects cross bar, during use, hang fixing for tobacco leaf on cross bar, and the position that can be connected on montant by cross bar after being provided with Access Division different heights, adapt to different size and the requirement of size tobacco leaf, tobacco leaf can not be dropped after fixation on the ground. In addition, Height Adjustable owing to being provided with Access Division rear transverse rod, user is made to hang tobacco leaf and collect in the process of tobacco leaf convenient, during as hung tobacco leaf, first cross bar can be connected to the position meeting user's height, fixing after mounting, then by instrument, this cross bar is adjusted to other height location, the process collecting tobacco leaf is also similar.
Further, it is the inclined-plane of the first blower fan wind direction far-end higher than near-end bottom described flue-cured tobacco room. Bottom flue-cured tobacco room, the design on inclined-plane can better guide the rising of flue gas stream.
Further, described Access Division is around being located at montant circumferential exterior. During the installation cross bar being so more convenient, the position of cross bar can be regulated at any time.
Further, described flue-cured tobacco room sidewall is provided with moisture exhausting port. Described moisture exhausting port is provided with dehumidifier. Along with the raising of baking efficiency, flue-cured tobacco room arranges corresponding moisture exhausting port and dehumidifier can improve row's wet performance.
Further, described device of solar generating comprises the DC/AC inverter that the store battery that the charging-discharging controller that photovoltaic battery panel is connected is connected with charging-discharging controller is connected with charging-discharging controller with photovoltaic battery panel, and DC/AC inverter connects exchange load.
The electricity that photovoltaic battery panel produces provides electric power with DC/AC inverter for exchanging load by charging-discharging controller, and in the exchange non-electric situation of load, this electricity input store battery is for subsequent use. In the present invention, exchange load is the first blower fan, the 2nd blower fan, dehumidifier etc.
Dehumidifier also passes through cable connection control main frame, in the present invention; Main control system is a controller that microcomputer chip is housed, the humiture input main control system of Temperature and Humidity device detection, by the on-off control to heating unit, the first blower fan, the 2nd blower fan, dehumidifier, device of solar generating, reach the temperature to flue-cured tobacco indoor and humidity implementation precisely control, this main control system has semiautomatic controls and expert curve controls two kinds of functions automatically, semiautomatic controls be by flue-cured tobacco people to the temperature of barn and during humidity row set accordingly, all the other control flue-cured tobacco automatically by computer. Expert curve controls to be that main control system regulates wet temp to complete whole flue-cured tobacco process by by the flue-cured tobacco curve through expert's setting of internal memory automatically, it is achieved that fully-automatic intelligent flue-cured tobacco by flue-cured tobacco people selected expert curve automatically.
Further, described control panel is provided with and runs button, stop button, selection function button, temperature and humidity regulation button, display screen. In the present invention, display screen can show real-time flue-cured tobacco working order, such as the temperature in flue-cured tobacco room, humidity, working hour etc. so that user can understand rapidly above information, grasps the last state in flue-cured tobacco process. And run button, start and stop that stop button can control whole flue-cured tobacco, selection function button can select semiautomatic controls and expert curve automatically to control two kinds of functions, and temperature and humidity regulation button regulates the humiture in flue-cured tobacco room by heating unit and dehumidifier.
Described flue-cured tobacco room wall is provided with wall cloth, and described wall cloth comprises the plane materiel of a width grey cloth, carries out waterproof, grease proofing, dust-proof three anti-techniques, flour-sculpting craft, coating process, flocking technique and setting process successively thereon, last trimming and obtain.
Described grey cloth be cotton, fiber crops, silk, bamboo, grass maybe can compile thing by fabric; The anti-technique of the three of water-proof oil-proof dustproof is soaked 30 minutes in 150 DEG C in three anti-solution by described grey cloth, then by the grey cloth after immersion 150 DEG C of air-dry sizings; Described flour-sculpting craft is that in 160 DEG C, the grey cloth through three anti-techniques is sprayed acrylic acid aqueous solution; Described coating process is 190 DEG C of paintings, the back side of the work in-process cloth through flour-sculpting craft is rolled ACRYLIC EMULSION and pressurize; Described flocking technique is 180 DEG C of flocking by the coat side of the work in-process cloth through coating process; Described setting process is deviation and the whole position of pattern that the work in-process cloth through flocking technique carries out correcting warp and woof at 150 DEG C. Described trimming is determine cutter trimming with the hot cutter trimming of constant temperature and machinery; Wall cloth, according to wall height, jointlessly laterally spreads use.
The wall cloth of the present invention can reach the fabric width of 2.7-3 rice, therefore the demand in common flue-cured tobacco room can be met completely, can use by shakedown horizontal, seamless, in addition, the wall cloth of the present invention reaches thicker thickness after repeatedly technique, therefore also there is sound insulation, insulation, air permeable effect, and have the features such as stronger tensile strength. Therefore use wall cloth can be room heat-insulated to flue-cured tobacco.
Compared with prior art, useful effect is: the present invention is by the flue gas stream of ascending manner and the setting coordinating flue gas water conservancy diversion, thus promotes flue gas recirculation speed so that efficiency and the quality of tobacco flue-curing are improved significantly. And the position that can be connected on montant by cross bar after being provided with Access Division different heights, adapt to different size and the requirement of size tobacco leaf, tobacco leaf can not be dropped after fixation on the ground. In addition, Height Adjustable owing to being provided with Access Division rear transverse rod so that user hangs tobacco leaf and collecting in the process of tobacco leaf convenient.
Device of solar generating can be powered for the electrical equipment in flue-cured tobacco room, reduces electrical equipment investment, and very environmental protection, reduces comprehensive electric cost. And can Automated condtrol, it is achieved that fully-automatic intelligent flue-cured tobacco. Meanwhile, flue-cured tobacco room is also provided with humidity collection system, is convenient to management and the control of humidity.
Flue-cured tobacco room of the present invention can adopt various heating sources combined heat, and by intelligent regulating system according to the feature of each thermal source and efficiency, selects main heating source and auxiliary thermal source, and then raise the efficiency, reduce costs.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is one-piece construction schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is smoke hanging shelf structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is montant cross section structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is device of solar generating schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is control panel schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of humidity collection system of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the minimum system figure of microprocessor in humidity collection system of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is nRF24L01 wireless receiving and dispatching device of the present invention and STC12LE5408 micro-chip junction circuit figure.
Fig. 9 is wall cloth preparation technology's schematic flow sheet of the present invention.
Embodiment
Accompanying drawing, only for exemplary illustration, can not be interpreted as the restriction to this patent; In order to the present embodiment is better described, some parts of accompanying drawing have omission, zoom in or out, and do not represent the size of actual product; To those skilled in the art, some known features and illustrate and may omit and be appreciated that in accompanying drawing. Accompanying drawing describes position relation only for exemplary illustration, the restriction to this patent can not be interpreted as.
As shown in figures 1-8, a full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room for insulation, wherein, the flue-cured tobacco room 1 comprise the hot air chamber 2 being provided with heating unit 4, being provided with smoke hanging shelf 3, forming cycle flue by blast inlet 5 and return air mouth 6 between flue-cured tobacco room 1 and hot air chamber 2, heating unit 4 connects heat transfer tube 7;
Hot air chamber 2 bottom is provided with the first blower fan 9 near blast inlet 5, and the opposite position of bottom, flue-cured tobacco room 1 and the first blower fan 9 is provided with the 2nd blower fan 91 upwards dried; Smoke hanging shelf 3 comprises the cross bar 32 erected to the montant 31 arranged, arranged transversely, and montant 31 is provided with the Access Division 311 that multiple card connects cross bar 32;
Flue-cured tobacco room is also provided with device of solar generating 01 on roof;
Being provided with Temperature and Humidity device 02 in flue-cured tobacco room 1, flue-cured tobacco room is also provided with main control system 03, main control system 03 is connected with Temperature and Humidity device 02, heating unit 4, first blower fan 9, the 2nd blower fan 91, device of solar generating 01 respectively by cable;
Main control system 03 is outer is also provided with control panel 04, and the sidewall of flue-cured tobacco room 1 is provided with viewing window 05. In the present embodiment, the working order in flue-cured tobacco room can be controlled by control panel 04 user, by the state observing tobacco leaf that viewing window 05 can be real-time, such as color, shape etc.
Flue-cured tobacco room also comprises humidity collection system, described humidity collection system comprises humidity sensor, humidity signal processing unit, wireless transmission unit, radio receiving unit, microprocessor and PC, described humidity sensor, humidity signal processing unit and wireless transmission unit are electrically connected successively, humidity sensor exports Digital Humidity signal, and described radio receiving unit, microprocessor and PC are electrically connected successively.
In the present embodiment, the number of described humidity sensor is multiple, is arranged at multiple positions in flue-cured tobacco room respectively, and the observed value of individual humidity sensor being averaged to obtain the medial humidity in flue-cured tobacco room, is convenient to carry out moisture management and control. Described humidity signal processing unit adopts STC12LE5408 micro-chip, described wireless transmission unit and radio receiving unit all adopt nRF24L01 wireless receiving and dispatching device, the CE of nRF24L01 wireless receiving and dispatching device, CSN, SCK, MOSI, MISO, IRQ pin connects P15, P14, P13, P12, P11 and P10 port of STC12LE5408 micro-chip respectively; Described microprocessor adopts AT89S52 micro-chip. Described PC is also electrically connected with warning unit, and when humidity is higher than the wet threshold value of default height or lower than default low wet threshold value, warning unit sends guard signal.
In the present embodiment, first blower fan 9 is directed at blast inlet 5, makes hot blast blow to flue-cured tobacco room 1 from hot air chamber 2, and the 2nd blower fan 91 is located at bottom the sidewall of flue-cured tobacco room 1, make the hot blast blown out from the first blower fan 9 accelerate to rise in side-walls, then it is back in hot air chamber 2 by return air mouth 6.
And montant 31 is provided with the Access Division 311 that multiple card connects cross bar, during use, hang fixing for tobacco leaf on cross bar 32, and the position that can be connected on montant by cross bar after being provided with Access Division 311 different heights, adapt to different size and the requirement of size tobacco leaf, tobacco leaf can not be dropped after fixation on the ground. In addition, Height Adjustable owing to being provided with Access Division 311 rear transverse rod, user is made to hang tobacco leaf and collect in the process of tobacco leaf convenient, during as hung tobacco leaf, first cross bar can be connected to the position meeting user's height, fixing after mounting, then by instrument, this cross bar is adjusted to other height location, the process collecting tobacco leaf is also similar.
In the present embodiment, it is the inclined-plane of the first blower fan 9 wind direction far-end higher than near-end bottom flue-cured tobacco room 1. Access Division 311 is around being located at montant 31 circumferential exterior. Flue-cured tobacco room 1 sidewall is provided with moisture exhausting port 10. Moisture exhausting port 10 is provided with dehumidifier 11.
Bottom flue-cured tobacco room 1, the design on inclined-plane can better guide the rising of flue gas stream.Access Division 311 is more convenient around being located at when montant 31 circumferential exterior makes to install cross bar, can regulate the position of cross bar at any time. Along with the raising of baking efficiency, flue-cured tobacco room 1 arranges corresponding moisture exhausting port 10 and dehumidifier 11 can improve row's wet performance.
Device of solar generating 01 comprises the DC/AC inverter 103 that the store battery 105 that the charging-discharging controller 102 that photovoltaic battery panel 101 is connected is connected with charging-discharging controller 102 is connected with charging-discharging controller 102 with photovoltaic battery panel 101, and DC/AC inverter 103 connects exchange load 104.
The electricity that photovoltaic battery panel 101 produces provides electric power with DC/AC inverter 103 for exchanging load 104 by charging-discharging controller 102, and in the exchange non-electric situation of load 104, this electricity input store battery 105 is for subsequent use. In the present invention, exchange load 104 is the first blower fan 9, the 2nd blower fan 91, dehumidifier 11 etc.
Dehumidifier 11 also passes through cable connection control main frame 03, in the present invention; Main control system 03 is a controller that microcomputer chip is housed, the humiture input main control system 03 that Temperature and Humidity device 02 detects, by the on-off control to heating unit 4, first blower fan 9, the 2nd blower fan 91, dehumidifier 11, device of solar generating 01, reach the temperature to flue-cured tobacco indoor and humidity implementation precisely control, this main control system has semiautomatic controls and expert curve controls two kinds of functions automatically, semiautomatic controls be by flue-cured tobacco people to the temperature of barn and during humidity row set accordingly, all the other control flue-cured tobacco automatically by computer. Expert curve controls to be that main control system regulates wet temp to complete whole flue-cured tobacco process by by the flue-cured tobacco curve through expert's setting of internal memory automatically, it is achieved that fully-automatic intelligent flue-cured tobacco by flue-cured tobacco people selected expert curve automatically. Device of solar generating 01 also can be main control system and Temperature and Humidity device provides electric energy.
Control panel 04 is provided with and runs button 41, stop button 42, selection function button 43, temperature and humidity regulation button 44, display screen 45. In the present embodiment, display screen 45 can show real-time flue-cured tobacco working order, such as the temperature in flue-cured tobacco room, humidity, working hour etc. so that user can understand rapidly above information, grasps the last state in flue-cured tobacco process. And run button 41, start and stop that stop button 42 can control whole flue-cured tobacco, selection function button 43 can select semiautomatic controls and expert curve automatically to control two kinds of functions, and temperature and humidity regulation button 44 regulates the humiture in flue-cured tobacco room by heating unit and dehumidifier.
Principle of work: first add fuel in heating unit 4, after heat transfer tube 7 is heated, in hot air chamber 2, flue gas around heat transfer tube 7 is heated, then the first blower fan 9 forms the flue gas of negative pressure district attraction heating and enters into flue-cured tobacco room 1 by blast inlet 5 after rotating, flue gas rapid increase under the guide functions on inclined-plane 8, 2nd blower fan 91 accelerates lift velocity, tobacco leaf in smoke hanging shelf 3 is toasted, moisture in tobacco leaf is evaporated, moisture after vaporization is discharged by auxiliary moisture exhausting port 10, remaining flue gas then returns to hot air chamber 2 by return air mouth 6 and is again heated by heat-transfer pipe 7, the steam of the non-emptying of part is also discharged by the moisture exhausting port (not shown) of hot air chamber simultaneously, then the flue gas heated is attracted by negative pressure district again, thus define cycle flue between hot air chamber 2 and flue-cured tobacco room 1, tobacco leaf is constantly toasted. owing to the moisture exhausting port of auxiliary moisture exhausting port 10 and hot air chamber has discharged partial fume, therefore in hot air chamber, flue gas can be supplemented so that exhaust gas volumn and temperature in flue-cured tobacco room can both keep stable stablely.
According to Meizhou too can sunshine situation, every general 150w of square meter cell panel, according to light lie prostrate that design software calculates be best 35 degree, inclination angle when every day received radiation amount at 4kwh/m2. If high-efficiency battery sheet, so efficiency is about 14.5% for 150w, and every day, cell panel just can generate electricity 4*14.5%=0.58kwh, is exactly 0.58 degree of electricity. In the present embodiment, the total area of solar photovoltaic cell panel 101 is 21.6 square metres, and device of solar generating generated energy every day on this flue-cured tobacco room is 12.53 degree of electricity.
In the present embodiment, the Design calcu-lation of heating equipment
Maximum heat requirement
In the tobacco leaf maximum dehydration stage, baking heat requirement is maximum. Calculate the dress smoke which mq of barn according to barn cigarette-filling house volume and smoke filling density, tobacco leaf maximum water holding capacity is Wq, and maximum dehydrating speed is Ws, then unit time maximum fluid loss Sp=mqwqws; According to envrionment conditions, h-d figure is utilized to find water capacity dk, the dp of blast inlet freezing air and moisture exhausting port warm air, enthalpy hkc, hp, unit time wet required dry air amount Gkg=Sp/ (the dp-dk)=mqwqws/ (dp-dk) of row, maximum net heat (moisture evaporation maximum belt walks heat) Qz=GKg (hp-hkc)=(hp-hkc) mqwqws/ (dp-dk) of unit time; Maximum heat requirement Qgr=Qz/ η=(hp-hkc) mqwqws/ (dp-dk) η formula can be extrapolated (1) by the thermo-efficiency η of barn.
Heat exchange area
The thermal conductivity of the size of heat exchange area heat requirement maximum with barn and heat exchanger materials is relevant, and heat exchanger heat radiation area (Ag) is the ratio of maximum heat requirement and radiating pipe heat transfer coefficient (Kgt) and cigarette inner tube smoke medial temperature (tej) product: Ag=Qgr/ (Kgt.tej) formula is (2).
Maximum consumption fuel quantity
Try to achieve the maximum heat requirement (i.e. the maximum heat supplied of burner) of unit time according to design hothouse baking ability after, barn unit time maximum consumption fuel quantity (Gpm) can be calculated.
Gpm=Qgr/Qnet.ar (3), in formula Qgr be the barn unit time maximum heat requirement KJ/h, Qnet.ar be the calorific value KJ/Kg of fuel.
Bulk curing barn tobacco leaf heat requirement calculates:
Maximum heat requirement
Bulk curing barn cigarette-filling house specification is 800cm × 270cm × 350cm, and cigarette-filling house's volume is 75.6m3: smoke filling density is 59.52~66.14/m3, for calculating the maximum heat supplied of barn, get its maximum value 66.14/m here3; The dress smoke which of bulk curing barn is the long-pending of cigarette-filling house's volume and smoke filling density: 75.6m3×66.14㎏/m3=5000kg
The water content of fresh tobacco leaf is generally 80-90%, gets maximum value W hereq=90%; Moisture content in leaves vaporization speed capping W when big row is wets=2.5%; The water capacity capping d of the waste gas that moisture exhausting port is dischargedp=0.046kg/kg dry air; The water capacity of the freezing air that air intake hole enters barn removes the limit dk=0.021kg/kg dry air; By looking into h-d figure, it is seen that discharge warm air and enter the enthalpy of freezing air, hp=134.4kJ/kg, hkc=79.8kJ/kg: the thermo-efficiency of bulk curing barn general about 40%. Bring above each value into formula (1), the maximum heat requirement of bulk curing barn can be calculated: Qgr=609749.45kJ/h.
Above-mentioned heat in the present embodiment, pluralities of fuel can be utilized, as long as can be produced.
As shown in Figure 9, wall cloth provided by the invention is taking the grey cloth of 2.7-3 rice as plane materiel, carries out three anti-techniques, flour-sculpting craft, coating process, flocking technique and setting process successively thereon, last trimming and obtain.
In the inventive solutions, described grey cloth be cotton, fiber crops, silk, bamboo, grass etc. can fabric/thing can be compiled, fabric width 2.7-3 rice.
Wall cloth provided by the invention is obtained by following technique:
The first step, carries out three anti-techniques by grey cloth: soaked 30 minutes in 150 DEG C in three anti-solution of routine by grey cloth, then by the grey cloth after immersion 150 DEG C of air-dry sizings. After this step, grey cloth can waterproof, grease proofing (dirt) and dust-proof (electrostatic).
2nd step, flour-sculpting craft: the grey cloth through three anti-techniques is sprayed transparent acrylic acid aqueous solution in 160 DEG C. After this step, hardness and the resistance intensity of grey cloth are strengthened.
3rd step, coating process: the back side of the work in-process cloth through flour-sculpting craft is coated with at 190 DEG C in coating apparatus and rolls ACRYLIC EMULSION to form second time of foaming coating, and pressurize and increase solid degree. After this step, add the thickness of grey(cloth), so that product can reach the effect of insulation, sound insulation, meanwhile, also further enhancing the hardness of product and resistance intensity.
4th step, flocking technique: by the coat side of the work in-process cloth through coating process 180 DEG C of flocking in flocking apparatus, described flocking raw material is terylene filament suede, and adhesive glue is vinylformic acid. After this step, owing to fine hair has extremely strong viscose glue degree so that product can firmly can be mounted on decorative cover by sticky when using under the effect of glue agent, and flocking simultaneously also increases the sound insulation of product and warming effect.
5th step, setting process: deviation and the whole position of pattern that the work in-process cloth through flocking technique carries out correcting warp and woof at 150 DEG C in standard equipment. After this step so that product reaches the pattern effect designed in advance.
6th step, trimming technology: determine cutter trimming with the hot cutter trimming of constant temperature and machinery. After this step so that product limit end is neat, constructability.
Obviously, the above embodiment of the present invention is only for example of the present invention is clearly described, and is not the restriction to embodiments of the present invention. For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description. Here without the need to also cannot all enforcement modes be given exhaustive. All any amendment, equivalent replacement and improvement etc. done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, all should be included within the protection domain of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of an insulation, it is characterized in that, comprise the hot air chamber (2) being provided with heating unit (4), the be provided with smoke hanging shelf flue-cured tobacco room (1) of (3), forming cycle flue by blast inlet (5) and return air mouth (6) between flue-cured tobacco room (1) and hot air chamber (2), described heating unit (4) connects heat transfer tube (7);
Described hot air chamber (2) bottom is provided with the first blower fan (9) near blast inlet (5), and described (1) bottom, flue-cured tobacco room and the opposite position of the first blower fan (9) are provided with the 2nd blower fan (91) upwards dried; Described smoke hanging shelf (3) comprises the cross bar (32) erected to the montant (31) arranged, arranged transversely, and described montant (31) is provided with the Access Division (311) that multiple card connects cross bar (32);
Roof, flue-cured tobacco room is also provided with device of solar generating (01);
It is provided with Temperature and Humidity device (02) in described flue-cured tobacco room (1), also being provided with main control system (03) on flue-cured tobacco room, main control system (03) is connected with Temperature and Humidity device (02), heating unit (4), the first blower fan (9), the 2nd blower fan (91), device of solar generating (01) respectively by cable;
Described main control system (03) is also provided with control panel (04) outward, and the sidewall of flue-cured tobacco room (1) is provided with viewing window (05);
Described flue-cured tobacco room wall is provided with wall cloth, and described wall cloth comprises the plane materiel of a width grey cloth, carries out waterproof, grease proofing, dust-proof three anti-techniques, flour-sculpting craft, coating process, flocking technique and setting process successively thereon, last trimming and obtain;
Flue-cured tobacco room also comprises humidity collection system, described humidity collection system comprises humidity sensor, humidity signal processing unit, wireless transmission unit, radio receiving unit, microprocessor and PC, described humidity sensor, humidity signal processing unit and wireless transmission unit are electrically connected successively, humidity sensor exports Digital Humidity signal, and described radio receiving unit, microprocessor and PC are electrically connected successively.
2. the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of a kind of insulation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described bottom, flue-cured tobacco room (1) is the inclined-plane of the first blower fan (9) wind direction far-end higher than near-end.
3. the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of a kind of insulation according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described Access Division (311) is around being located at montant (31) circumferential exterior.
4. the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of a kind of insulation according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described flue-cured tobacco room (1) sidewall is provided with moisture exhausting port (10).
5. the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of a kind of insulation according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described moisture exhausting port (10) is provided with dehumidifier (11).
6. according to the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of the arbitrary described a kind of insulation of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: described device of solar generating (01) comprises the DC/AC inverter (103) that the store battery (105) that the charging-discharging controller (102) that photovoltaic battery panel (101) is connected is connected with charging-discharging controller (102) is connected with charging-discharging controller (102) with photovoltaic battery panel (101), and DC/AC inverter (103) connects exchange load (104).
7. according to the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of the arbitrary described a kind of insulation of claim 1 to 5, it is characterised in that: described control panel (04) is provided with and runs button (41), stop button (42), selection function button (43), temperature and humidity regulation button (44), display screen (45).
8. the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of a kind of insulation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described grey cloth be cotton, fiber crops, silk, bamboo, grass maybe can compile thing by fabric; The anti-technique of the three of water-proof oil-proof dustproof is soaked 30 minutes in 150 DEG C in three anti-solution by described grey cloth, then by the grey cloth after immersion 150 DEG C of air-dry sizings; Described flour-sculpting craft is that in 160 DEG C, the grey cloth through three anti-techniques is sprayed acrylic acid aqueous solution; Described coating process is 190 DEG C of paintings, the back side of the work in-process cloth through flour-sculpting craft is rolled ACRYLIC EMULSION and pressurize; Described flocking technique is 180 DEG C of flocking by the coat side of the work in-process cloth through coating process; Described setting process is deviation and the whole position of pattern that the work in-process cloth through flocking technique carries out correcting warp and woof at 150 DEG C.
9. the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of a kind of insulation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, the number of described humidity sensor is multiple, is arranged at multiple positions in flue-cured tobacco room respectively; Described humidity signal processing unit adopts STC12LE5408 micro-chip, and described wireless transmission unit and radio receiving unit all adopt nRF24L01 wireless receiving and dispatching device, and described microprocessor adopts AT89S52 micro-chip;Described PC is also electrically connected with warning unit, and when humidity is higher than the wet threshold value of default height or lower than default low wet threshold value, warning unit sends guard signal.
10. the full automatic solar flue-cured tobacco room of a kind of insulation according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, at wireless transmission unit, the CE of nRF24L01 wireless receiving and dispatching device, CSN, SCK, MOSI, MISO, IRQ pin connects P15, P14, P13, P12, P11 and P10 port of STC12LE5408 micro-chip respectively.
CN201610100280.2A 2016-02-23 2016-02-23 Insulation full-automatic solar tobacco curing barn Pending CN105661612A (en)

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CN201610100280.2A CN105661612A (en) 2016-02-23 2016-02-23 Insulation full-automatic solar tobacco curing barn

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2932459Y (en) * 2006-04-03 2007-08-08 帅军 Baking room temperature and humidity automatic control system
WO2010074908A1 (en) * 2008-12-23 2010-07-01 Williams Jonnie R Tobacco curing method
CN101818551A (en) * 2009-02-27 2010-09-01 北京新丽美盛典装饰材料有限公司 Wall cloth
CN103637393A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-03-19 卢招苟 Tobacco flue-curing room adopting multiple heat sources
CN203505553U (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-02 卢招苟 Tobacco roasting room by adopting multiple heat sources
CN203692504U (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-07-09 张竣淞 Solar tobacco baking room
CN104957745A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-10-07 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Liquefied petroleum gas tobacco curing house
CN105146704A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-16 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Multifunctional remote monitoring system for baking room

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2932459Y (en) * 2006-04-03 2007-08-08 帅军 Baking room temperature and humidity automatic control system
WO2010074908A1 (en) * 2008-12-23 2010-07-01 Williams Jonnie R Tobacco curing method
CN101818551A (en) * 2009-02-27 2010-09-01 北京新丽美盛典装饰材料有限公司 Wall cloth
CN203692504U (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-07-09 张竣淞 Solar tobacco baking room
CN103637393A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-03-19 卢招苟 Tobacco flue-curing room adopting multiple heat sources
CN203505553U (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-02 卢招苟 Tobacco roasting room by adopting multiple heat sources
CN104957745A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-10-07 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Liquefied petroleum gas tobacco curing house
CN105146704A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-16 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Multifunctional remote monitoring system for baking room

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Application publication date: 20160615