CN105660989A - Preparation method of filiform tissue protein - Google Patents

Preparation method of filiform tissue protein Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105660989A
CN105660989A CN201610226056.8A CN201610226056A CN105660989A CN 105660989 A CN105660989 A CN 105660989A CN 201610226056 A CN201610226056 A CN 201610226056A CN 105660989 A CN105660989 A CN 105660989A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
district
screw extruder
twin screw
squeeze
temperature
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610226056.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
段玉豪
李迎军
侯金炉
史永星
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Henan Shuguang Biotechnology Co Ltd
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Henan Shuguang Biotechnology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610226056.8A priority Critical patent/CN105660989A/en
Publication of CN105660989A publication Critical patent/CN105660989A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23JPROTEIN COMPOSITIONS FOR FOODSTUFFS; WORKING-UP PROTEINS FOR FOODSTUFFS; PHOSPHATIDE COMPOSITIONS FOR FOODSTUFFS
    • A23J3/00Working-up of proteins for foodstuffs
    • A23J3/14Vegetable proteins
    • A23J3/16Vegetable proteins from soybean
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23JPROTEIN COMPOSITIONS FOR FOODSTUFFS; WORKING-UP PROTEINS FOR FOODSTUFFS; PHOSPHATIDE COMPOSITIONS FOR FOODSTUFFS
    • A23J3/00Working-up of proteins for foodstuffs
    • A23J3/22Working-up of proteins for foodstuffs by texturising
    • A23J3/26Working-up of proteins for foodstuffs by texturising using extrusion or expansion

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of filiform tissue protein.The preparation method includes the steps that 22-30 parts by weight of bean pulp, 50-55 parts by weight of protein isolate, 10-18 parts by weight of vital gluten and 5-10 parts by weight of wheat starch are mixed at low temperature to form materials, after purified water is added for soaking, through a series of extrusion, breaking and kneading at different temperatures and under different extrusion forces, finally extrusion and drawing are conducted, and filiform fibers with a certain length, namely the filiform tissue protein can be formed.The preparation method is high in automation degree, workers can operate the preparation method only through simple learning, the process is stable, the produced product is high in nutrient content and good in taste, and the filiform tissue protein with high quality can be obtained without adding an additive.

Description

The preparation method of a kind of thread tissue protein
Technical field
The present invention relates to food processing field, in particular to the preparation method of a kind of thread tissue protein.
Background technology
Along with develop rapidly and the growth in the living standard of foodstuffs industry, people more and more pay attention to the development and utilization of soyabean tissue's albumen. Thread soyabean tissue albumen is the plant protein of high nutrition, protein content height, Amino acid profile ratio in protein composition is comparatively reasonable, and protein digestibility height, very similar with meat, but soybean protein is not containing cholesterol, and the content of cholesterol in blood of human body can be reduced, the effect with atherosclerosis is the mankind is prevent cardiovascular disorder from replacing the best vegetable protein source of animal protein.
Thread soyabean tissue albumen is take soyflour as raw material or soybean protein isolate etc. is raw material, add gluten powder, through the product that machineries such as stirring, extrude and be expanded and hot effect are made, after being characterized in rehydration, tissue protein is thread, there is the quality being well similar to meat, it is widely used in numerous food processing. But, the complex manufacturing of existing thread tissue protein, technique is unstable, and the nutritive ingredient of product is less, and mouthfeel is not good enough, often needs to add some additives to improve mouthfeel, is unsuitable for extensive popularization.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention just is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, it provides the preparation method of a kind of thread tissue protein.
For achieving the above object, the present invention implements according to following technical scheme:
A preparation method for thread tissue protein, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material by following weight part number is mixed to form material, low temperature soy meal 22-30 part, protein isolate 50-55 part, gluten powder 10-18 part and wheat starch 5-10 part;
(2) add the purified water that weight part number is 10-15 part, infiltrate 10-15 minute;
(3) continue to add the purified water that weight part number is 5-10 part, infiltrate 5-10 minute;
(4) by double-screw agitator, material is stirred at the temperature of 50-70 DEG C, material spiral is fed forward simultaneously;
(5) at the temperature of 100-120 DEG C, carrying out tentatively extruding and stirring to material by twin screw extruder first district, thus improve the viscosity of material, squeeze is 3-8kg/cm2;
(6) at the temperature of 160-180 DEG C, being extruded by material by twin screw extruder the 2nd district, broken, thus improve the viscosity of material further, squeeze is 3-9kg/cm2;
(7) at the temperature of 180-200 DEG C, being extruded by material by twin screw extruder the 3rd district, kneading, make material begin to take shape fibrous texture, squeeze is 3-10kg/cm2;
(8) at the temperature of 150-170 DEG C, by twin screw extruder the 4th district, material is extruded, heat molten, make material form fibrous texture more closely, squeeze is 3-12.5kg/cm2;
(9) by material by internal diameter progressively or gradient increase passage progressively discharge the squeeze to material;
(10) material is discharged material by the passage of constant inner diameter with uniform squeeze, the protein molecule of material is mutually bonded under forward thrust effect and begins to take shape the filamentary fibers with length, bend to U-shaped gradually along working direction under the frictional force effect of this filamentary fibers material thrust and vias inner walls below;
(11) material is progressively reduced by internal diameter or gradient reduce passage progressively increase the squeeze being applied to material, under the frictional force effect of material thrust and vias inner walls below, make to bend to U-shaped filamentary fibers and be progressively formed as little U-shaped along working direction, final extruding wire drawing becomes to have the long filamentary fibers of length, i.e. thread tissue protein.
As the improvement to technique scheme, the pitch in described twin screw extruder the 2nd district and spiral fluting are all less than twin screw extruder first district, and the squeeze in described twin screw extruder the 2nd district is greater than twin screw extruder first district.
As the improvement to technique scheme, the pitch in described twin screw extruder the 3rd district and spiral fluting are all less than twin screw extruder the 2nd district, and the squeeze in described twin screw extruder the 3rd district is greater than twin screw extruder the 2nd district.
As the improvement to technique scheme, the pitch in described twin screw extruder the 4th district and spiral fluting are all less than twin screw extruder the 3rd district, and the squeeze in described twin screw extruder the 4th district is greater than twin screw extruder the 3rd district.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Preparation method's level of automation height provided by the invention, workman only needs simple study to operate, and process stabilizing, the product nutritive ingredient height produced, mouthfeel is better, it is not necessary to doping can obtain the thread tissue protein of high-quality.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described, and illustrative examples and explanation in this invention are used for explaining the present invention, but not as a limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
The raw material of following weight part number is mixed to form material, low temperature soy meal 22 parts, protein isolate 50 parts, gluten powder 10 parts and wheat starch 5 parts; Add the purified water that weight part number is 10 parts, infiltrate 10 minutes; Continue to add the purified water that weight part number is 5 parts, infiltrate 5 minutes; By double-screw agitator, material is stirred at the temperature of 50 DEG C, material spiral is fed forward simultaneously; At the temperature of 100 DEG C, carrying out tentatively extruding and stirring to material by twin screw extruder first district, thus improve the viscosity of material, squeeze is 3kg/cm2; At the temperature of 160 DEG C, being extruded by material by having twin screw extruder the 2nd district of pitch less of twin screw extruder first district and spiral fluting, broken and kneading, thus improve the viscosity of material further, squeeze is 4.5kg/cm2; At the temperature of 180 DEG C, by have pitch less of twin screw extruder the 2nd district and spiral fluting twin screw extruder the 3rd district material is extruded, kneading, make material begin to take shape fibrous texture, squeeze is 6kg/cm2;At the temperature of 150 DEG C, by having twin screw extruder the 4th district of pitch less of twin screw extruder the 3rd district and spiral fluting, material is extruded, heat molten, make material form fibrous texture more closely, squeeze is 7kg/cm2; By material by internal diameter progressively or gradient increase passage progressively discharge the squeeze to material; Material is discharged material by the passage of constant inner diameter with uniform squeeze, the protein molecule of material is mutually bonded under forward thrust effect and begins to take shape the filamentary fibers with length, bend to U-shaped gradually along working direction under the frictional force effect of this filamentary fibers material thrust and vias inner walls below; Material is progressively reduced by internal diameter or gradient reduce passage progressively increase the squeeze being applied to material, under the frictional force effect of material thrust and vias inner walls below, make to bend to U-shaped filamentary fibers and be progressively formed as little U-shaped along working direction, final extruding wire drawing becomes to have the long filamentary fibers of length, i.e. thread tissue protein.
Embodiment 2
The raw material of following weight part number is mixed to form material, low temperature soy meal 25 parts, protein isolate 53 parts, gluten powder 15 parts and wheat starch 8 parts; Add the purified water that weight part number is 15 parts, infiltrate 15 minutes; Continue to add the purified water that weight part number is 10 parts, infiltrate 10 minutes; By double-screw agitator, material is stirred at the temperature of 70 DEG C, material spiral is fed forward simultaneously; At the temperature of 110 DEG C, carrying out tentatively extruding and stirring to material by twin screw extruder first district, thus improve the viscosity of material, squeeze is 3kg/cm2; At the temperature of 170 DEG C, being extruded by material by having twin screw extruder the 2nd district of pitch less of twin screw extruder first district and spiral fluting, broken, thus improve the viscosity of material further, squeeze is 4kg/cm2; At the temperature of 180 DEG C, by have pitch less of twin screw extruder the 2nd district and spiral fluting twin screw extruder the 3rd district material is extruded, kneading, make material begin to take shape fibrous texture, squeeze is 7kg/cm2; At the temperature of 170 DEG C, by having twin screw extruder the 4th district of pitch less of twin screw extruder the 3rd district and spiral fluting, material is extruded, heat molten, make material form fibrous texture more closely, squeeze is 10kg/cm2; By material by internal diameter progressively or gradient increase passage progressively discharge the squeeze to material; Material is discharged material by the passage of constant inner diameter with uniform squeeze, the protein molecule of material is mutually bonded under forward thrust effect and begins to take shape the filamentary fibers with length, bend to U-shaped gradually along working direction under the frictional force effect of this filamentary fibers material thrust and vias inner walls below; Material is progressively reduced by internal diameter or gradient reduce passage progressively increase the squeeze being applied to material, under the frictional force effect of material thrust and vias inner walls below, make to bend to U-shaped filamentary fibers and be progressively formed as little U-shaped along working direction, final extruding wire drawing becomes to have the long filamentary fibers of length, i.e. thread tissue protein.
Embodiment 3
The raw material of following weight part number is mixed to form material, low temperature soy meal 30 parts, protein isolate 55 parts, gluten powder 18 parts and wheat starch 10 parts; Add the purified water that weight part number is 15 parts, infiltrate 15 minutes;Continue to add the purified water that weight part number is 10 parts, infiltrate 10 minutes; By double-screw agitator, material is stirred at the temperature of 70 DEG C, material spiral is fed forward simultaneously; At the temperature of 120 DEG C, carrying out tentatively extruding and stirring to material by twin screw extruder first district, thus improve the viscosity of material, squeeze is 5kg/cm2; At the temperature of 180 DEG C, being extruded by material by having twin screw extruder the 2nd district of pitch less of twin screw extruder first district and spiral fluting, broken, thus improve the viscosity of material further, squeeze is 8kg/cm2; At the temperature of 200 DEG C, by have pitch less of twin screw extruder the 2nd district and spiral fluting twin screw extruder the 3rd district material is extruded, kneading, make material begin to take shape fibrous texture, squeeze is 10kg/cm2; At the temperature of 170 DEG C, by having twin screw extruder the 4th district of pitch less of twin screw extruder the 3rd district and spiral fluting, material is extruded, heat molten, make material form fibrous texture more closely, squeeze is 12.5kg/cm2; By material by internal diameter progressively or gradient increase passage progressively discharge the squeeze to material; Material is discharged material by the passage of constant inner diameter with uniform squeeze, the protein molecule of material is mutually bonded under forward thrust effect and begins to take shape the filamentary fibers with length, bend to U-shaped gradually along working direction under the frictional force effect of this filamentary fibers material thrust and vias inner walls below; Material is progressively reduced by internal diameter or gradient reduce passage progressively increase the squeeze being applied to material, under the frictional force effect of material thrust and vias inner walls below, make to bend to U-shaped filamentary fibers and be progressively formed as little U-shaped along working direction, final extruding wire drawing becomes to have the long filamentary fibers of length, i.e. thread tissue protein.
Product quality inspection
The thread tissue protein stochastic sampling that method described in embodiment 3 is obtained, sample size is 500g, the indexs such as the sense organ of sample, net content, moisture, crude protein, crude fat, nitrogen soluble index, ash content, total number of bacterial colony, coliform are detected by the related request according to industry standard " SB/T10453-2007 expanded soyabean goods ", Testing index is as shown in the table, and it is all qualified that product is examined project.
The technical scheme of the present invention is not limited to the restriction of above-mentioned specific embodiment, and every technology distortion made according to the technical scheme of the present invention, all falls within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. the preparation method of a thread tissue protein, it is characterised in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) raw material of following weight part number is mixed, low temperature soy meal 22-30 part, protein isolate 50-55 part, gluten powder 10-18 part and wheat starch 5-10 part;
(2) add the purified water that weight part number is 10-15 part, infiltrate 10-15 minute;
(3) continue to add the purified water that weight part number is 5-10 part, infiltrate 5-10 minute;
(4) by double-screw agitator, material is stirred at the temperature of 50-70 DEG C, material spiral is fed forward simultaneously;
(5) at the temperature of 100-120 DEG C, carrying out tentatively extruding and stirring to material by twin screw extruder first district, thus improve the viscosity of material, squeeze is 3-8kg/cm2;
(6) at the temperature of 160-180 DEG C, being extruded by material by twin screw extruder the 2nd district, broken, thus improve the viscosity of material further, squeeze is 3-9kg/cm2;
(7) at the temperature of 180-200 DEG C, being extruded by material by twin screw extruder the 3rd district, kneading, make material begin to take shape fibrous texture, squeeze is 3-10kg/cm2;
(8) at the temperature of 150-170 DEG C, by the 4th twin screw extruder, material is extruded, heat molten, make material form fibrous texture more closely, squeeze is 3-12.5kg/cm2;
(9) by material by internal diameter progressively or gradient increase passage progressively discharge the squeeze to material;
(10) material is discharged material by the passage of constant inner diameter with uniform squeeze, the protein molecule of material is mutually bonded under forward thrust effect, begin to take shape the filamentary fibers with length, bend to U-shaped gradually along working direction under the frictional force effect of this filamentary fibers material thrust and vias inner walls below;
(11) material is progressively reduced by internal diameter or gradient reduce passage progressively increase the squeeze being applied to material, under the frictional force effect of material thrust and vias inner walls below, make to bend to U-shaped filamentary fibers and be progressively formed as little U-shaped along working direction, final extruding wire drawing becomes the long filamentary fibers with length, i.e. thread tissue protein.
2. the preparation method of a kind of thread tissue protein according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the pitch in described twin screw extruder the 2nd district and spiral fluting are all less than twin screw extruder first district, and the squeeze in described twin screw extruder the 2nd district is greater than twin screw extruder first district.
3. the preparation method of a kind of thread tissue protein according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the pitch in described twin screw extruder the 3rd district and spiral fluting are all less than twin screw extruder the 2nd district, and the squeeze in described twin screw extruder the 3rd district is greater than twin screw extruder the 2nd district.
4. the preparation method of a kind of thread tissue protein according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the pitch in described twin screw extruder the 4th district and spiral fluting are all less than twin screw extruder the 3rd district, and the squeeze in described twin screw extruder the 4th district is greater than twin screw extruder the 3rd district.
CN201610226056.8A 2016-04-13 2016-04-13 Preparation method of filiform tissue protein Pending CN105660989A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106974296A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-07-25 河南品正食品科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the thread histone of use various plants protein production

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101836701A (en) * 2010-06-08 2010-09-22 郭强 Skin roll for pets and preparation method thereof
CN102630805A (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-08-15 北京金地三福膨化机制造(大厂)有限公司 Manufacturing method for drawing protein
CN103005000A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-04-03 四川南溪徽记食品有限公司 Method for preparing vegetable beef food
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106974296A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-07-25 河南品正食品科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the thread histone of use various plants protein production

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