CN105660316B - Water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle - Google Patents

Water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105660316B
CN105660316B CN201511033349.6A CN201511033349A CN105660316B CN 105660316 B CN105660316 B CN 105660316B CN 201511033349 A CN201511033349 A CN 201511033349A CN 105660316 B CN105660316 B CN 105660316B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
system
compounding
water
pump
valve
Prior art date
Application number
CN201511033349.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105660316A (en
Inventor
王朋成
方凌
张其安
严从生
田红梅
王艳
王明霞
江海坤
董言香
Original Assignee
安徽省农业科学院园艺研究所
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Application filed by 安徽省农业科学院园艺研究所 filed Critical 安徽省农业科学院园艺研究所
Priority to CN201511033349.6A priority Critical patent/CN105660316B/en
Publication of CN105660316A publication Critical patent/CN105660316A/en
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Publication of CN105660316B publication Critical patent/CN105660316B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/09Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/042Adding fertiliser to watering systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0003Atomisers or mist blowers
    • A01M7/0014Field atomisers, e.g. orchard atomisers, self-propelled, drawn or tractor-mounted

Abstract

It is electric vehicle, gasoline car or diesel vehicle using vehicle the invention discloses a kind of water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle, using being mounted with water system, stoste supply system, compounding system, finished fluid output system, laxative system, drainage on vehicle;Water system, stoste supply system are connect with compounding system respectively, and compounding system is connect with finished fluid output system;Water system is also connect with finished fluid output system;Laxative system is connect with compounding system;Drainage is connect with compounding system.Watering, fertilising, laxative are integrated into an onboard system by the present invention, compact-sized, have good travelling performance, are adapted to enter into narrow field and are carried out liquid manure pouring and laxative operation.

Description

Water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicles.

Background technology

Currently, field fertilization and pouring are required to using different water, fertilizer, medicine application device, Each performs its own functions, and can not mix With.These water, fertilizer, medicine application device are often bulky, and some also needs to be laid with fixed water supply, fertile equipment, it has not been convenient to narrow Small field space uses, while these device structures are complicated, and operating performance is cumbersome when use, use cost also accordingly compared with It is high.

Invention content

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicles.

In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle, using vehicle For electric vehicle, gasoline car or diesel vehicle, using being mounted on vehicle, water system, stoste supply system, compounding system, finished fluid are defeated Go out system, laxative system, drainage;

Water system, stoste supply system are connect with compounding system respectively, and compounding system is connect with finished fluid output system;

Water system is also connect with finished fluid output system;

Laxative system is connect with compounding system;

Drainage is connect with compounding system.

Preferably,

Water system includes water source, water pump, valve, flowmeter;Water source is by water source hose and through water pump, valve and flow It counts and is connect with the finished barrel of the compounding bucket of compounding system or finished fluid output system.

Stoste supply system includes stoste bucket, stoste self priming pump, conveying mixing pump, flowmeter, valve;Stoste stores Bucket sucks stoste by stoste self priming pump, then is connected to compounding system through conveying mixing pump, flowmeter, valve by liquid supply pipe Compound bucket.

Compounding system includes compounding bucket, finished fluid displacement pump;Bucket is compounded by delivery hose and through finished fluid displacement pump to connect It is connected to the finished barrel of finished product system.Compounding bucket is also equipped with liquid level meter.

Finished fluid output system includes finished barrel, flowmeter, finished fluid delivery pump, valve;Finished barrel passes through delivery hose And finished product solution in finished barrel is exported to greenhouse or field through flowmeter, finished fluid delivery pump, valve.

Laxative system includes Teat pipette, spray hose, nozzle, hose support, valve;Nozzle is by spray hose and through valve Door, Teat pipette are connect with the compounding bucket of compounding system.

Drainage includes blowdown hose and sewage draining valve;Blowdown hose passes through the compounding bucket of sewage draining valve and the system of compounding Connection.

Valve is electromagnetic valve.

It further include dynamical system;Dynamical system includes diesel generating set;Diesel generating set drives the water pump, stoste Self priming pump, conveying mixing pump, finished fluid displacement pump, finished fluid delivery pump, Teat pipette operation.

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:

Fertilising, watering, laxative are integrated into an onboard system, it is compact-sized, have good travelling performance, be suitable for into Enter narrow field and carries out liquid manure pouring and laxative operation.

Description of the drawings

The present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is each system structure diagram of water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle embodiment of the present invention.

In Fig. 2,1- stoste self priming pumps are pumped, pump 2- conveys mixing pump, pumps 3- finished fluid displacement pumps, pump 4- finished fluids conveying Pump.

Specific implementation mode

Fig. 1 is a kind of water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle, and water system, stoste supply system, compounding are housed on the tumbrel System, finished fluid output system, laxative system, drainage.

Water system, stoste supply system are connect with compounding system respectively, and compounding system is connect with finished fluid output system; Water system is also connect with finished fluid output system;Laxative system is connect with compounding system;Drainage is connect with compounding system.

One, each system concrete composition is following (Fig. 2):

1, water system is made of water source, water pump, valve, flowmeter, wherein water source by water source hose and through valve and Flowmeter is connect with the compounding bucket of compounding system.For water source to be pumped into compounding bucket.

2, stoste supply system is made of stoste bucket, stoste self priming pump, stoste displacement pump, flowmeter, valve, wherein Stoste bucket connects by former fertile (medicine) liquid of stoste self priming pump (pump 1) sucking, then through stoste displacement pump (pump 2), flowmeter, valve It is connected to the compounding bucket of compounding system, i.e., former fertile (medicine) liquid pump is entered into stoste bucket (being in fig. 2 original liquid box).

3, compounding system is made of compounding bucket, liquid level meter, finished fluid displacement pump (pump 3), wherein compounding bucket is soft by conveying Guan Bingjing finished fluids displacement pump (pump 3) is connected to the finished barrel of finished product system, and liquid level meter is on compounding bucket.Compounding system is used for Prepared liquid fertilizer is delivered in finished barrel.

4, finished fluid output system is made of finished barrel, flowmeter, finished fluid delivery pump (pump 4), valve, wherein finished barrel Finished product solution in finished barrel is exported to greenhouse or field by delivery hose and through flowmeter, finished fluid delivery pump (pump 4), valve Between.Finished fluid output system is used to the finished product solution for preparing completion in finished barrel being delivered to greenhouse or field.

5, laxative system is made of Teat pipette, spray hose, nozzle, hose support, valve, and wherein nozzle passes through the hose that sprays And it is connect with the compounding bucket of compounding system through valve, Teat pipette.It is sprayed in greenhouse or field for prepared pesticide in bucket will to be compounded Spill application.

6, drainage is made of blowdown hose and sewage draining valve, and wherein blowdown hose is by sewage draining valve and compounding system Compounding bucket connection.It is discharged for sediment dirt in bucket will to be compounded.

For ease of automatically controlling, all valves are all made of electromagnetic valve.As system be by manually come operation and control, can be with Use manually-operated gate.

In addition, dynamical system is moved using diesel generating set driving water pump, stoste self priming pump, conveying mixing pump, finished fluid Position pump, the operation of finished fluid delivery pump, Teat pipette.If greenhouse field frame has power transmission cable, directly electric drive can also be used above-mentioned Each pump operation.

Two, specific equipment is as follows:

1, it is used for the small-sized stainless steel pump 1 that the power of the stoste self priming pump of liquid fertilizer (medicine) is 0.25 kilowatt, for filling Liquid fertilizer (medicine).

2, it is used for the thickening PVC plastic charging basket that the stoste storage ladle capacity of liquid fertilizer (medicine) is 150~200 kilograms.

3, the stoste bucket exit for being used for liquid fertilizer (medicine) is equipped with flowmeter.

4, the water source hose that rubber makes, 1.5 cun of φ, 30 meters (disk dresses) connect water source water pump.

5, the compounding bucket for being used for liquid fertilizer (medicine) is equipped with float valve, for controlling water inlet water level.

6, the compounding ladle capacity for being used for liquid fertilizer (medicine) is 1 ton, is made of PVC plastic.

7, it is used for stainless steel water pump (conveying mixing pump) of the compounding bucket of liquid fertilizer (medicine) with 0.75kW, is used as circulation stirring, It is delivered to finished barrel.

8, the small-sized stainless steel pumps of the power 1.5kW of finished fluid displacement pump 1, finished barrel is transferred to as finished product solution.

9, finished product ladle capacity is 1 ton, and exit connects finished fluid delivery pump.

10, it is 5~7.5kW for the power of the finished fluid delivery pump of liquid fertilizer, import connects finished barrel, outlet installation slip-knot Lock, with greenhouse, greatly sprays pipe band connection.

11, the power of Teat pipette is 3.2~3.6kW, operating pressure 1.5-3Mpa, import connection compounding bucket, outlet connection spray Medicine hose and nozzle.

Three, the equipment Requirement of water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated device

The present embodiment is that a whole set of liquid fertilizer (medicine) equipment is mounted on a flowable small-sized electric car (or gasoline, bavin Oily vehicle) on, constitute mobile watering, fertilising, a laxative integrated apparatus.

Therefore, water-fertilizer-pesticide integration mobile cart is an equipment that is semi-automatic, being combined automatically, and certainly equipped with a set of half Dynamic, automatic general control system, all liq exit install electronic control valve and connect turn-key system.

It is further equipped with a miniature diesel generating set on vehicle, while being equipped with a power supply drum (30 meters).

Furthermore it is possible to according to actual conditions, above system is additionally provided with maintenance bypass, pipeline valve, is used with maintaining easily.

The embodiments of the present invention described above are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.It is any in the present invention Spirit and principle within made by modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements etc., should be included in the claim protection model of the present invention Within enclosing.

Claims (4)

1. water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle, the application vehicle is electric vehicle, gasoline car or diesel vehicle, it is characterised in that:It is described to apply With being mounted with water system, stoste supply system, compounding system, finished fluid output system, laxative system, drainage on vehicle; The water system, stoste supply system are connect with compounding system respectively, and compounding system is connect with finished fluid output system;It is described Water system is also connect with finished fluid output system;The laxative system is connect with compounding system;The drainage and compounding System connects;
The water system includes water source, water pump, valve, flowmeter;The water source by water source hose and through water pump, valve and Flowmeter is connect with the finished barrel of the compounding bucket of compounding system or finished fluid output system;The stoste supply system includes stoste Bucket, stoste self priming pump, conveying mixing pump, flowmeter, valve;The stoste bucket is sucked former by stoste self priming pump Liquid, then by liquid supply pipe through conveying mixing pump, flowmeter, valve be connected to the compounding bucket of compounding system;The compounding system packet Include compounding bucket, finished fluid displacement pump;The compounding bucket is connected to finished product system by delivery hose and through finished fluid displacement pump Finished barrel;The finished fluid output system includes finished barrel, flowmeter, finished fluid delivery pump, valve;The finished barrel passes through defeated It send hose and exports finished product solution in finished barrel to greenhouse or field through flowmeter, finished fluid delivery pump, valve;The laxative System includes Teat pipette, spray hose, nozzle, hose support, valve;The nozzle by spray hose and through valve, Teat pipette with The compounding bucket of compounding system connects;The drainage includes blowdown hose and sewage draining valve;The blowdown hose passes through blowdown Valve is connect with the compounding bucket of compounding system.
2. water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The compounding barreled has liquid level meter.
3. the water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle according to claim 1-2 any one, it is characterised in that:The valve is electricity Magnet valve door.
4. water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It further include dynamical system;It is described dynamic Force system includes diesel generating set;The diesel generating set drive the water pump, stoste self priming pump, conveying mixing pump, at Product liquid displacement pump, finished fluid delivery pump, Teat pipette operation.
CN201511033349.6A 2015-12-31 2015-12-31 Water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle CN105660316B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201511033349.6A CN105660316B (en) 2015-12-31 2015-12-31 Water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201511033349.6A CN105660316B (en) 2015-12-31 2015-12-31 Water-fertilizer-pesticide integrative vehicle

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CN105660316A CN105660316A (en) 2016-06-15
CN105660316B true CN105660316B (en) 2018-08-24

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106508858A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-22 天津恺丰义科技有限公司 Support for spraying insecticides in greenhouse
CN108668594A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-10-19 安徽省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 A kind of water-fertilizer-pesticide integral machine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2274412Y (en) * 1996-09-19 1998-02-18 曹士晗 Watering car for agricultural and forest industries
GB2352383B (en) * 1999-07-08 2003-08-06 Foresight Sprayers Ltd Spraying apparatus
RU2432740C1 (en) * 2010-03-29 2011-11-10 Государственное научное учреждение Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт механизации сельского хозяйства (ГНУ ВИМ Россельхозакадемии) Selective velospraying machine
CN201913026U (en) * 2010-12-03 2011-08-03 买自珍 Movable type moisturizing, fertilizing and medicine spraying device by means of pressurization
CN203575256U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-05-07 齐齐哈尔兴龙园林绿化有限公司 Multifunctional vehicle capable of spraying water and applying fertilizer for seedlings
CN204070001U (en) * 2014-07-21 2015-01-07 青海盐湖工业股份有限公司 A kind of mobile sled block formula irrigation system stem device
CN104351019B (en) * 2014-10-14 2016-02-24 河北科技大学 Orchard attending device
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