CN105648996B - A kind of lifting ballast suitable for simple wellhead stage+module is refuted and its installation method - Google Patents

A kind of lifting ballast suitable for simple wellhead stage+module is refuted and its installation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105648996B
CN105648996B CN201410630642.XA CN201410630642A CN105648996B CN 105648996 B CN105648996 B CN 105648996B CN 201410630642 A CN201410630642 A CN 201410630642A CN 105648996 B CN105648996 B CN 105648996B
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Prior art keywords
lifting
ballast
refuted
movable transverse
leg
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CN105648996A (en
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王翎羽
王文国
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NEPTUNE OFFSHORE ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.
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NEPTUNE OFFSHORE ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

Refuted and its installation method the present invention relates to a kind of lifting ballast suitable for simple wellhead stage+module, include lowering or hoisting gear, longitudinal box beam, fixed horizontal lifting beam, movable transverse lifts beam, hydraulic cylinder, movable transverse lifting beam hangs lock device, lift leg, lift leg shoe, lock device is hung in shoe, loop wheel machine, windlass, the lifting ballast provided by using the present invention is refuted, the installation of marine simple wellhead platform can be achieved, the present invention has the transportable property of maneuverability, simple wellhead platform is respectively provided with applicability to similar, reduce the resource requirement to crane barge and lowering or hoisting gear, significantly improve resource utilization and economic benefit.

Description

A kind of lifting ballast suitable for simple wellhead stage+module is refuted and its installation method
Technical field
Refuted and its installation method the present invention relates to one kind lifting ballast, simple wellhead platform is applied to especially with regard to one kind The lifting ballast of installation is refuted and its installation method.
Background technology
What simple wellhead stage+module method was commonly used has two kinds:One kind is to be lifted into upper brace using crane barge to design position Put fixation, this method needs to employ that rent is expensive and resource very nervous crane barge, and its is costly;Another is to utilize liter Falling unit fixes upper brace lifting to design attitude, and this method has the disadvantage that a platform is equipped with a set of lowering or hoisting gear, increases The dual consumption for having added cost of investment and resource to repeat, causes economic benefit to reduce.
The content of the invention
It is a primary object of the present invention to overcome the disadvantages mentioned above that prior art is present, and provide a kind of for simple wellhead The lifting ballast of stage+module is refuted and its installation method, and the lifting ballast provided by using the present invention is refuted, you can realized marine The installation of simple wellhead platform, the present invention have maneuverability transportable property, to it is similar simple wellhead platform is respectively provided with it is suitable With property, the resource requirement to crane barge and lowering or hoisting gear is reduced, resource utilization and economic benefit is significantly improved.
The purpose of the present invention is realized by following technical scheme:
A kind of lifting ballast suitable for simple wellhead stage+module is refuted, including lowering or hoisting gear, longitudinal box beam, fixed horizontal act Lock device is hung in liter beam, movable transverse lifting beam, mechanical device, lifting leg, the shoe of lifting leg, shoe, it is characterised in that longitudinal case Beam is two, is refuted positioned at the lifting ballast pass through the fixation between left and right topside, longitudinal box beam tail end bottom respectively Beam is lifted between horizontal lifting beam connection, longitudinal box beam head end bottom by the movable transverse to connect, wherein one described vertical Beam is lifted to box beam by bearing pin and the movable transverse to be connected, another longitudinal box beam is provided with pin-and-hole, the pin-and-hole The mechanical device is provided with, another longitudinal box beam lifts beam by the mechanical device and the movable transverse and be connected; Every longitudinal box beam is provided with the lifting leg, and the lifting leg is provided with the lowering or hoisting gear, the lifting leg bottom The lifting leg shoe is mounted on, the lifting leg shoe bottom installs the shoe and hangs lock device.
The mechanical device includes hydraulic cylinder, and the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder is provided with movable transverse lifting beam by flange and hung Lock device.
Several loop wheel machines and several windlass are additionally provided with longitudinal box beam.
The movable transverse lifting beam connection end is provided with tip hole force bearing ring block or reinforcing rib ring, bears the movable transverse lifting Beam hangs lock device and coordinates the later weight from external structure thing with it.
The lifting ballast refutes the installation method for coordinating simple wellhead platform, comprises the following steps:
(1) lifting ballast is refuted from after upper stabilization of bubbling through the water column, and is connected by dilatory cable with tugboat, self-floating towing to construction Marine site;
(2) reach and specify construction marine site, lifting ballast refutes carry out Primary Location, anchor of dishing out is aided in by anchor boat;
(3) open movable transverse lifting beam, by into longitudinal box beam water filling to lifting ballast refute ballast, be depressed into pre-determined bit Put, stop ballast, stranded cable is accurately positioned, refute lifting ballast and installed positioned at required below upper brace;
(4) start lowering or hoisting gear, decentralization lifting leg to underwater platform foundation structure, lifting leg by shoe hang lock device with Platform infrastructure is attached fixation;
(5) continue to transfer lifting leg, make underwater platform foundation structure initial penetration into mud;
(6) underwater platform foundation structure levelness is adjusted, injection is carried out;
(7) closure movable transverse lifting beam, hydraulic cylinder ejection piston rod hangs lock device by longitudinal case using movable transverse lifting beam Beam is connected locking with movable transverse lifting beam;
(8) discharge part ballast water, starts lowering or hoisting gear, and lifting ballast refutes lifting upper brace and leaves the spacing of the water surface one From underwater platform foundation structure is installed in place using weight;
(9) lifting ballast is refuted row and carried, and starts lowering or hoisting gear, lifts upper brace;
(10) after upper brace to design attitude, close lowering or hoisting gear and lock, install solid between upper brace and spud leg Determine structure;
(11) using lift ballast refute head end loop wheel machine carry out waterproof casing installation after, withdraw.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The present invention is due to using above-mentioned technical proposal, the lifting provided by using the present invention Ballast is refuted, you can realize the installation of marine simple wellhead platform, the present invention has the transportable property of maneuverability, to similar by letter Easy wellhead platform is respectively provided with applicability, reduces the resource requirement to crane barge and lowering or hoisting gear, significantly improves resource utilization And economic benefit.
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 refutes side view for lifting ballast;
Fig. 2 refutes top view for lifting ballast;
Fig. 3 refutes self-floating towing state diagram for lifting ballast;
Fig. 4 refutes sea with regard to bitmap for lifting ballast;
Fig. 5 refutes lifting figure for lifting ballast;
Fig. 6 refutes bitmap for lifting ballast.
Major Symbol explanation in figure:
1- lowering or hoisting gears;2- longitudinal directions box beam;3- fixes horizontal lifting beam;4- movable transverses lift beam;5- hydraulic cylinders;6- movable transverses Lifting beam hangs lock device;7- lifts leg;8- lifts leg shoe;Lock device is hung in 9- shoes;10- loop wheel machines;11- windlass;12- platform base knots Structure.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and example, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present invention includes lowering or hoisting gear 1, longitudinal box beam 2, fixed horizontal lifting beam 3, movable transverse lifting Lock device 9 is hung in beam 4, mechanical device, lifting leg 7, lifting leg shoe 8, shoe, and longitudinal box beam 2 is two, respectively positioned at lifting ballast Refute between bow side, longitudinal tail end bottom of box beam 2 and to be connected by fixed horizontal lifting beam 3, led between longitudinal head end bottom of box beam 2 Movable transverse lifting beam 4 is crossed to connect, wherein a longitudinal box beam 2 lifts beam 4 by bearing pin and movable transverse and is connected, another longitudinal case Beam 2, which is provided with pin-and-hole, pin-and-hole, is provided with mechanical device, and another longitudinal box beam 2 lifts beam 4 by mechanical device and movable transverse Connection;Every longitudinal box beam 2 is provided with several lifting legs 7, and lifting leg 7 is provided with several lowering or hoisting gears 1, and lifting leg 7 bottom is equal Lifting leg shoe 8 is installed, the bottom of lifting leg shoe 8 installs shoe and hangs lock device 9;
In examples detailed above, mechanical device includes hydraulic cylinder 5, and the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 5 is provided with movable transverse by flange and lifted Rise beam and hang lock device 6.
In examples detailed above, 2 loop wheel machines 10 and 2 windlass 11 are additionally provided with longitudinal box beam 2.
In examples detailed above, movable transverse lifting beam 4 connection end is furnished with tip hole force bearing ring block or reinforcing rib ring, bears movable transverse act Liter beam hangs lock device 6 and coordinates the later weight from external structure thing with it.
The present invention coordinates the installation method of simple wellhead platform, comprises the following steps:
(1) lifting ballast is refuted from after upper stabilization of bubbling through the water column, and is connected by dilatory cable with tugboat, self-floating towing to construction Marine site;
(2) reach and specify construction marine site, lifting ballast refutes carry out Primary Location, anchor of dishing out is aided in by anchor boat;
(3) open movable transverse lifting beam 4, by into longitudinal box beam 2 water filling to lifting ballast refute ballast, be depressed into predetermined Position, stops ballast, and stranded cable is accurately positioned, and refutes lifting ballast and is installed positioned at required below upper brace;
(4) lowering or hoisting gear 1 is started, decentralization lifting leg 7 to underwater platform foundation structure 12, lifting leg 7 hangs lock by shoe Device 9 is attached fixation with platform infrastructure 12;
(5) continue to transfer lifting leg 7, make the initial penetration into mud of underwater platform foundation structure 12;
(6) levelness of adjustment underwater platform foundation structure 12, carries out injection;
(7) closure movable transverse lifting beam 4, the ejection piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 5, hanging lock device 6 using movable transverse lifting beam will longitudinal direction Box beam 2 is connected locking with movable transverse lifting beam 4;
(8) discharge part ballast water, starts lowering or hoisting gear 1, and lifting ballast refutes lifting upper brace and leaves the spacing of the water surface one From underwater platform foundation structure 12 is installed in place using weight;
(9) lifting ballast is refuted row and carried, and starts lowering or hoisting gear 1, lifts upper brace;
(10) after upper brace to design attitude, close lowering or hoisting gear 1 and lock, install between upper brace and spud leg Fixed structure;
(11) using lift ballast refute head end loop wheel machine 10 carry out waterproof casing installation after, withdraw.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, any formal limitation not is made to the present invention, it is all It is any simple modification, equivalent variations and the modification made according to the technical spirit of the present invention to above example, still falls within In the range of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of lifting ballast suitable for simple wellhead stage+module is refuted, including lowering or hoisting gear, longitudinal box beam, fixed horizontal lifting Lock device is hung in beam, movable transverse lifting beam, mechanical device, lifting leg, the shoe of lifting leg, shoe, it is characterised in that longitudinal box beam For two, refuted respectively positioned at the lifting ballast between left and right topside, longitudinal box beam tail end bottom by described fixed horizontal Lift by movable transverse lifting beam connection between beam connection, longitudinal box beam head end bottom, wherein a longitudinal direction Box beam lifts beam by bearing pin and the movable transverse and is connected, and another longitudinal box beam, which is provided with pin-and-hole, the pin-and-hole, to be set The mechanical device is equipped with, another longitudinal box beam lifts beam by the mechanical device and the movable transverse and be connected;Often Longitudinal box beam is provided with the lifting leg described in root, and the lifting leg is provided with the lowering or hoisting gear, and the lifting leg bottom is equal The lifting leg shoe is installed, the lifting leg shoe bottom installs the shoe and hangs lock device.
2. a kind of lifting ballast suitable for simple wellhead stage+module according to claim 1 is refuted, it is characterised in that institute Stating mechanical device includes hydraulic cylinder, and the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder is provided with movable transverse lifting beam by flange and hangs lock device.
3. a kind of lifting ballast suitable for simple wellhead stage+module according to claim 1 is refuted, it is characterised in that institute State and several loop wheel machines and several windlass are additionally provided with longitudinal box beam.
4. a kind of lifting ballast suitable for simple wellhead stage+module according to claim 1 is refuted, it is characterised in that institute State movable transverse lifting beam connection end and be provided with pin-and-hole force bearing ring block or reinforcing rib ring, bear the movable transverse lifting beam hang lock device with It coordinates weight later from external structure thing.
5. the installation that a kind of lifting ballast using suitable for simple wellhead stage+module as described in claim any one of 1-4 is refuted Method, comprises the following steps:
(1) lifting ballast is refuted from after upper stabilization of bubbling through the water column, and is connected by dilatory cable with tugboat, self-floating towing to marine site of constructing;
(2) reach and specify construction marine site, lifting ballast refutes carry out Primary Location, anchor of dishing out is aided in by anchor boat;
(3) open movable transverse lifting beam, by into longitudinal box beam water filling to lifting ballast refute ballast, be depressed into precalculated position, stop Only ballast, stranded cable is accurately positioned, and is refuted lifting ballast and is installed positioned at required below upper brace;
(4) lowering or hoisting gear is started, decentralization lifting leg to underwater platform foundation structure, lifting leg hangs lock device and platform by shoe Foundation structure is attached fixation;
(5) continue to transfer lifting leg, make underwater platform foundation structure initial penetration into mud;
(6) underwater platform foundation structure levelness is adjusted, injection is carried out;
(7) closure movable transverse lifting beam, hydraulic cylinder ejection piston rod, using movable transverse lifting beam hang lock device by longitudinal box beam with Movable transverse lifting beam connection locking;
(8) discharge part ballast water, starts lowering or hoisting gear, and lifting ballast refutes lifting upper brace and leaves water surface certain distance, profit Underwater platform foundation structure is installed in place with weight;
(9) lifting ballast is refuted row and carried, and starts lowering or hoisting gear, lifts upper brace;
(10) after upper brace to design attitude, close lowering or hoisting gear and lock, fixed knot between upper brace and spud leg is installed Structure;
(11) using lift ballast refute head end loop wheel machine carry out waterproof casing installation after, withdraw.
CN201410630642.XA 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 A kind of lifting ballast suitable for simple wellhead stage+module is refuted and its installation method Active CN105648996B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108824405B (en) * 2018-06-17 2020-09-25 林向亮 Underwater operation device and method
CN110593234A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-12-20 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Double-layer self-elevating underwater operation platform

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09228354A (en) * 1996-02-27 1997-09-02 Kajima Corp Assembling method of marine workbench platform
CN203411966U (en) * 2013-07-08 2014-01-29 北京中科水景科技有限公司 Floating platform mechanism
CN103572744A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-02-12 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Lifting platform
CN203546694U (en) * 2013-11-10 2014-04-16 中国石油大学(华东) Novel elevator mechanism of self-elevating drilling platform
CN204098002U (en) * 2014-11-11 2015-01-14 江苏海王星海洋油气装备有限公司 A kind of lifting ballast being applicable to simple wellhead stage+module is refuted

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09228354A (en) * 1996-02-27 1997-09-02 Kajima Corp Assembling method of marine workbench platform
CN203411966U (en) * 2013-07-08 2014-01-29 北京中科水景科技有限公司 Floating platform mechanism
CN103572744A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-02-12 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Lifting platform
CN203546694U (en) * 2013-11-10 2014-04-16 中国石油大学(华东) Novel elevator mechanism of self-elevating drilling platform
CN204098002U (en) * 2014-11-11 2015-01-14 江苏海王星海洋油气装备有限公司 A kind of lifting ballast being applicable to simple wellhead stage+module is refuted

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