CN105646013A - Closed double-layer barrel aerobic fermentation cylinder - Google Patents

Closed double-layer barrel aerobic fermentation cylinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105646013A
CN105646013A CN201610163843.2A CN201610163843A CN105646013A CN 105646013 A CN105646013 A CN 105646013A CN 201610163843 A CN201610163843 A CN 201610163843A CN 105646013 A CN105646013 A CN 105646013A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cap
fixing
discharging
cylinder
charging
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CN201610163843.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张共敏
冯建忠
王聚仓
乔统
尚浩冉
张榕晏
王宇航
韩亚楷
徐瑞东
张元睿
冯伊璇
王勇鑫
陈昊远
艾永利
张琪
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张共敏
冯建忠
王聚仓
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Priority to CN201610163843.2A priority Critical patent/CN105646013A/en
Publication of CN105646013A publication Critical patent/CN105646013A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/02Apparatus for the manufacture
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/04Biological compost
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention discloses a closed double-layer barrel aerobic fermentation cylinder, comprising a support device, a barrel, a powder driving device, a ventilation device and a feeding and discharging system, wherein the barrel and the power driving device are respectively arranged on the support device; the barrel comprises a feeding fixed end cover, a middle rotating barrel and a discharging fixed end cover; the middle rotating barrel comprises an inner barrel and an outer barrel which are arranged along the same axial direction and are fixedly connected with each other by a connecting support plate; a material retaining seal structure is arranged between one end of the inner barrel of the middle rotating barrel and the feeding fixed end cover, and another material retaining seal structure is positioned between the other end of the inner barrel of the middle rotating barrel and the discharging fixed end cover; the feeding fixed end cover and the discharging fixed end cover are respectively connected with the middle rotating barrel by an end cover fixing device; each end cover fixing device comprises a rotation fixing structure and a rotation support structure. The closed double-layer barrel aerobic fermentation cylinder is simple in structure, high in working efficiency and degree of automation, reliable in operation and good in treatment effect, is free from odor spillover in the treatment process, and is capable of realizing harmless and resource utilization of kitchen wastes.

Description

Air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder
Technical field
The invention belongs to changing food waste processing and utilizing technology field, particularly relate to a kind of air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder.
Background technology
Changing food waste is topmost one in food refuse, comprises food process tankage (kitchen is remaining) and edible remaining (swill pin) that family, school, dining room and catering industry etc. produce. Its complicated component, the mainly mixture of the multiple material such as oil, water, pericarp, vegetables, rice and flour, fish, meat, bone and useless tableware, plastics, paper handkerchief, chemically on composition, have starch, Mierocrystalline cellulose, protein, lipid and inorganic salt. China's changing food waste quantity is very huge, and in rapid increase trend.
Changing food waste has the duplicity of significant harm and resource, and its feature can be concluded and be: (1) water ratio height, 80%-95% can be reached. (2) salt content height, some areas contain capsicum, acetic acid height. (3) organic content height, protein, Mierocrystalline cellulose, starch, fat etc. (4) it is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and various trace element. (5) have pathogenic bacteria, pathogenic micro-organism. Perishable, rotten, smelly, grow mosquito.
In waste resource, according to Ministry of Agriculture relevant expert measuring and calculating, changing food waste includes a large amount of nutritive substances, and main component is grease and protein, alternative corn, fish meal, dregs of beans etc. are processed into high energy protein high-quality feed, are also the applicable raw materials producing biofuel. Expert interpretation, calculate by dry matter content, 5000 ten thousand tons of changing food wastes are equivalent to the high-quality feed of 5,000,000 tons, and the energy equivalence included is in annual 1000 ten thousand mu of energy quantums of output ploughed, and the protein included is equivalent to the protein quantum of output of annual 2000 ten thousand mu of soybean. That is, if the changing food waste of China's 1 year output is all utilized, be equivalent to save 1,000 ten thousand mu of arable lands. In the face of Chinese arable land is nervous, food shortage, the annual present situation needing a large amount of food import feed, Appropriate application changing food waste is the effective way increasing resource utilization, solving China's food problem to a certain extent.Further, this kind utilizes, and meets minimizing, recycling, resource utilization feature, is the lively case developed a circular economy.
For changing food waste hazardness mainly contain following some:
(1) contaminate environment, affect the appearance of the city. Higher organic matter and moisture is contained, it is easy to be subject to the effect of microorganism because of changing food waste, and the phenomenon that rots; And discarded storage period is more of a specified duration, putrid and deteriorated phenomenon is just serious all the more. Particularly to summer, temperature is higher, rots also more fast, at this time easily produces a large amount of water from diffusions and foul gas, grows mosquito, environmental health is caused baneful influence.
(2) it is detrimental to health. Meat proteins in changing food waste and the lipoid material of animality, mainly come from those livestock poultry that meat-based food is provided, livestock is after directly food is without the changing food waste effectively processed, the homology of " cannibalism " is easily occurred to pollute, and cause the cross infection of epidemic disease between people and animals, it is detrimental to health, and the propagation of some fatal disease may be promoted. Such as the transmissible disease of large-scale outbreak in history. Say for another example, the cause of the bird flu etc. propagated in many places at present, it may be that owing to the corpse of sick ox, sick sheep or sick pig has been made into animal-feed, thus cause the extensive infection of disease.
(3) disease is propagated. The outdoor storage of changing food waste can cause a large amount of breedings of mosquitos and flies mouse worm, and it is the main medium that disease spreads.
(4) the lower sepage produced when stacking in changing food waste enters into Sewage treatment systems, can cause the increase of organic content, thus increase the weight of the burden of sewage work, increases running cost.
At present, changing food waste is generally adopted composting process, idiographic flow is: after unified recovery enters process for producing line, through sorting, magnetic separation, being sifted out by the inorganicss such as chopsticks, plastics bag, metal, remaining kitchen castoff, after fragmentation, oily water separation, dehydration, sending into aerobic fermentation equipment, the kitchen castoff after process becomes industrial grease and nutrition soil. And aerobic fermentation equipment is the key determining nutrition soil process, it is little that existing aerobic fermentation equipment has complex structure, treatment capacity, and fermentation period is long, attenuation degree is uneven, poor processing effect, easy break-down, the defects such as level of automation is low, need badly and are improved further.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is in order to solve weak point of the prior art, it provides a kind of structure is simple, working efficiency height, level of automation height, reliable air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder, comprise bracing or strutting arrangement, cylinder, Power Drive Unit, ventilation plant and discharging system, cylinder and Power Drive Unit are located on bracing or strutting arrangement respectively, cylinder comprises the fixing end cap of charging, central rotational cylinder and the fixing end cap of discharging, cylinder is tilted downwards to the fixing end cap one end of discharging by the fixing end cap one end of charging, described central rotational cylinder comprise coaxial setting and by connecting the inner barrel that is fixedly connected with of back up pad and outer cylinder body, the cavity that cross section is annular is formed between inner barrel and outer cylinder body, inner barrel has evenly been offered permeable hole, outer cylinder body is provided with the rising pipe being connected with cavity closing on the fixing end caps of discharging, the two ends of the inner barrel of described central rotational cylinder are provided with stopper sealing structure respectively and between the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging, the fixing end cap of described charging and the fixing end cap of discharging are connected by end cap stationary installation with central rotational cylinder respectively, and described end cap stationary installation comprises rotation fixed sturcture and rotatable support structure, described rotation fixed sturcture comprises described central rotational cylinder two ends and plugs in the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging respectively, the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder is provided with outer thrust ball bearing respectively and between the inwall of the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging, outer thrust ball bearing is set on the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder, and the blowout patche of outer thrust ball bearing is positioned at the outside of its seat ring, the outer cylinder body of the blowout patche of outer thrust ball bearing and described central rotational cylinder keeps off ring by blowout patche and is fixedly connected with, described blowout patche gear ring be fixedly installed on described central rotational cylinder outer cylinder body, described blowout patche gear ring is fixedly connected with the blowout patche of outer thrust ball bearing, the seat ring of outer thrust ball bearing end cap fixing with described charging or the fixing end cap of discharging keep off ring by seat ring and are fixedly connected with, described seat ring gear ring is fixedly installed on the fixing end cap of described charging or the inner end of the fixing end cap of discharging, and described seat ring gear ring is fixedly connected with the seat ring of outer thrust ball bearing.
Described stopper sealing structure comprises axial backgauge sleeve, axial backgauge jacket casing is located on described inner barrel, and end cap is fixed in the outer end of axial backgauge sleeve with described charging or the fixing end cap of discharging is fixedly connected with, the inner of axial backgauge sleeve is fixedly connected with radial backgauge gear ring, it is provided with gap between radial backgauge gear ring and described inner barrel, and the both sides that radial backgauge gear ring is positioned at described gap are provided with backgauge sealing-ring, backgauge sealing-ring is set on described inner barrel and is fixedly connected with radial backgauge gear ring.
Described rotatable support structure comprises one group of outer roller around the described uniform spread configuration of central rotational cylinder, outer roller is arranged on the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder, and the support of outer roller is fixedly connected with the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder, the wheel body of outer roller and described seat ring gear ring are to connecing; Described end cap stationary installation also comprises rotary seal structure, described rotary seal structure comprises the seal sleeve between the inwall of the outer cylinder body being separately positioned on central rotational cylinder and the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging, and charging is fixed end cap, the fixing end cap of discharging, central rotational cylinder and corresponding position, seal sleeve end and is respectively equipped with the block limiting seal sleeve position; Described seal sleeve is urethane material; The inner side of the outside of described blowout patche gear ring, the support of outer roller is respectively arranged with gusseted plate.
The fixing end cap of described charging and discharging inboardend cover and are provided with lubrication system with outer thrust ball bearing corresponding position, lubrication system comprises the oiling seat being arranged on the fixing end cap of charging or discharging inboardend tops and is arranged on the oil discharging seat bottom the fixing end cap of charging or the fixing end cap of discharging, on oiling seat and oil discharging seat, ball corresponding position with outer thrust ball bearing has offered oiling road and oil road respectively, and the upper port in oiling road and the lower port of oil road are all removably connected with sealing oil lid.
The inner face place of the fixing end cap of described charging and the fixing end cap of discharging is provided with the antifriction device of end cap, the antifriction device of described end cap comprises the rotating disk being arranged on inside the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging, rotating disk end cap fixing with charging or the fixing end cap of discharging are connected by neck bearing, the inner face of the inner ring of described neck bearing end cap fixing with described charging or the fixing end cap of discharging is fixedly connected with, and the outer ring of described neck bearing is fixedly connected with described rotating disk.
Described rotating disk and charging are fixed and are provided with one group of internal trolley between end cap or the fixing end cap of discharging, internal trolley is around the uniform spread configuration of described neck bearing, and the support of internal trolley is fixedly connected with described rotating disk, end cap is fixed in the wheel body of internal trolley and described charging or discharging fixes end cap to connecing;
Described neck bearing is angular contact ball bearing.
Described ventilation plant is comprised the fixing airduct connected by flexible connection structure coaxial rotation and rotates airduct, rotating airduct is axially deep in cylinder by the fixing end caps of discharging along central authorities, and stretch out from the fixing end cap of charging, rotate and airduct is evenly provided with air outlet opening, rotating and be provided with supporting linkage between airduct and central rotational cylinder, rotation airduct end cap fixing with charging and the fixing end cap of discharging are all connected by fixing seal sealing structure; Rotating one end that airduct stretches out from the fixing end cap of charging and be referred to as exit end, the exit end rotating airduct is provided with ring flange, ring flange with rotate that airduct is detachable to be tightly connected;
Described flexible connection structure comprises coaxial the plugging of fixing airduct and rotates in airduct, the outer wall of fixing airduct and the inwall of rotation airduct are respectively equipped with gear ring, the end rotating airduct is vertically provided with retaining plate, retaining plate is connected with limiting plate by standing bolt, the wear ring being provided with urethane material between the outer wall of fixing airduct and the inwall rotating airduct, wear ring is between gear ring and limiting plate;
Described fixing seal structure comprises the seal washer being enclosed within rotation airduct and the limiting gasket being enclosed within outside seal washer, being provided with, outside seal washer and limiting gasket, the compressing tablet being enclosed within and rotating outside airduct, compressing tablet and limiting gasket are covered tightly by the fixing end cap of holding bolt and charging or discharging inboardend and are solidly connected;
The cross section of described supporting linkage assumes diamond in shape shape, and the line of two sharp-angled apex of rhombus is arranged along the axial direction due rotating airduct;
Described internal bearing sleeve is located at and rotates on airduct, and described rotating disk offers, with rotation airduct corresponding position, the through hole passed for rotating airduct.
Described discharging system comprises the drawing mechanism being arranged on charging inboardend upper part of the cover feeding unit and being arranged on the fixing end cap bottom of discharging, described feeding unit comprises charging lift and feed-pipe joint, feed-pipe joint is arranged on the top of the fixing end cap of described charging, charging lift is connected to form successively by level transportation section in level transportation section under charging, charging raising section and charging, under charging, level transportation section is provided with charging opening, and in charging, level transportation section is connected with described feed-pipe joint; Described drawing mechanism comprises material storage tube, discharging lift and discharging Guan Jie, discharging Guan Jie is arranged on the bottom of the fixing end cap of described discharging, discharging lift is connected to form successively by level transportation section in level transportation section under discharging, discharging raising section and discharging, the exit of discharging Guan Jie is provided with crusher, under discharging, level transportation section and described crusher outlet corresponding position are provided with material receiving port, material storage tube is arranged on below the outlet of level transportation section in described discharging, and the bottom of material storage tube is provided with pack Guan Jie;
The import of described feed-pipe joint is arranged upward; The mouth down that goes out of described discharging Guan Jie is arranged; The mouth down that goes out of described pack Guan Jie is arranged; Described feed-pipe joint is provided with charging Pneumatic gate valve; Described discharging Guan Jie is provided with discharging Pneumatic gate valve; Described pack Guan Jie is provided with pack Pneumatic gate valve; The bottom of described material storage tube is cone.
Described Power Drive Unit comprises drive-motor, step-down gear, gear and big gear ring, and big gear ring is located on the outer cylinder body of central rotational cylinder, and the power wheel drive end of drive-motor is connected with geartransmission by step-down gear, and gear and big gear ring are connected with a joggle; Described bracing or strutting arrangement comprises middle base and for supporting the fixing end cap of charging and the support of the fixing end cap of discharging, middle base is provided with support roller, and the outer cylinder body of central rotational cylinder is provided with the wheel rim contacted and be rotatably assorted with support roller.
Described inner barrel comprises at least two pitch circle cylinders, the two ends of every pitch circle cylinder are all bent into annular plate in cavity, the plane at annular plate and back up pad place all with the central axis of inner barrel, two annular plate riveted joints of two adjacent one end of pitch circle cylinder, inside and outside back up pad, two ends are welded with outer cylinder body inwall and annular plate respectively; Also being connected by grooved web member between described inner barrel and outer cylinder body, grooved web member comprises one piece of base plate and is located at two blocks of side plates of base plate both sides, and base plate and cylinder are with bolts, and two blocks of side plates and outer cylinder body inwall are welded as a whole.
The useful effect of the present invention:
1, central rotational cylinder comprise coaxial setting and by connecting the inner barrel that is fixedly connected with of back up pad and outer cylinder body, the cavity that cross section is annular is formed between inner barrel and outer cylinder body, inner barrel has evenly been offered permeable hole, outer cylinder body is provided with the rising pipe being connected with cavity closing on the fixing end caps of discharging, the two ends of the inner barrel of described central rotational cylinder are provided with stopper sealing structure respectively and between the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging, stopper sealing structure comprises axial backgauge sleeve, axial backgauge jacket casing is located on inner barrel, and end cap is fixed in the outer end of axial backgauge sleeve with described charging or the fixing end cap of discharging is fixedly connected with, the inner of axial backgauge sleeve is fixedly connected with radial backgauge gear ring, it is provided with gap between radial backgauge gear ring and described inner barrel, and the both sides that radial backgauge gear ring is positioned at described gap are provided with backgauge sealing-ring, backgauge sealing-ring is set on described inner barrel and is fixedly connected with radial backgauge gear ring, during work, moisture in the middle of material is flowed in the cavity between inner barrel and outer cylinder body by the permeable hole on inner barrel, moisture flows through rising pipe bottom along outer cylinder body lower inner wall and discharges, and the setting of backgauge sealing can prevent in the cavity that material enters between inner barrel and outer cylinder body.
2, end cap stationary installation rotates the cooperation by outer thrust ball bearing, blowout patche gear ring, seat ring gear ring and outer roller of fixed sturcture and rotatable support structure, the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging is not only made to form the structure being mutually engaged with central rotational cylinder, avoid the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging departs from central rotational cylinder under the effect of inner barrel material, and fix end cap when reducing central rotational barrel body rotation with charging and the friction resistance of end cap is fixed in discharging.The inner side of the outside of blowout patche gear ring, the support of outer roller is respectively arranged with gusseted plate, it is achieved reinforces and supports. Described rotary seal structure realizes preventing material from leaking the rotary seal of the fixing end cap of middle rotating cylinder and charging and the fixing end cap of discharging.
3, the inner face place of the fixing end cap of described charging and the fixing end cap of discharging is provided with the antifriction device of end cap, the antifriction device of described end cap is by the cooperation of neck bearing, internal trolley and rotating disk, reduce material to the frictional dissipation of the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging, material directly acts on rotating disk when rotating, and avoids directly and end cap contact friction. Described internal bearing sleeve is located at and rotates on airduct, and described rotating disk offers, with rotation airduct corresponding position, the through hole passed for rotating airduct, and above-mentioned design avoids rotating disk to the impact rotating airduct.
4, the fixing end cap of charging and discharging inboardend cover and are provided with lubrication system with outer thrust ball bearing corresponding position, lubrication system comprises the oiling seat being arranged on the fixing end cap of charging or discharging inboardend tops and is arranged on the oil discharging seat bottom the fixing end cap of charging or the fixing end cap of discharging, on oiling seat and oil discharging seat, ball corresponding position with outer thrust ball bearing has offered oiling road and oil road respectively, the upper port in oiling road and the lower port of oil road are all removably connected with sealing oil lid, the above-mentioned design of lubrication system achieves external thrust ball bearing oiling easily and fuel-displaced, complete the lubrication of external thrust ball bearing, improve its work-ing life.
5, discharging system comprises the drawing mechanism being arranged on charging inboardend upper part of the cover feeding unit and being arranged on the fixing end cap bottom of discharging, described feeding unit comprises charging lift and feed-pipe joint, feed-pipe joint is arranged on the top of the fixing end cap of described charging, charging lift is connected to form successively by level transportation section in level transportation section under charging, charging raising section and charging, under charging, level transportation section is provided with charging opening, and in charging, level transportation section is connected with described feed-pipe joint, described drawing mechanism comprises material storage tube, discharging lift and discharging Guan Jie, discharging Guan Jie is arranged on the bottom of the fixing end cap of described discharging, discharging lift is by level transportation section under discharging, in discharging raising section and discharging, level transportation section connects to form successively, the exit of discharging Guan Jie is provided with crusher, under discharging, level transportation section and described crusher outlet corresponding position are provided with material receiving port, material storage tube is arranged on below the outlet of level transportation section in described discharging, the bottom of material storage tube is provided with pack Guan Jie, feeding unit can realize complete discharging system with coordinating of drawing mechanism, material enters into charging lift from the charging opening of level transportation section charging, level transportation section under charging successively, charging raising section, in charging, level transportation section is promoted to feed-pipe joint from ground, and enter cylinder through charging joint, discharging is saved from discharging pipe after cylinder drying and fermentation, the outlet that material joint sent by material enter into crusher in crushing and fall to discharging under the material receiving port of level transportation section, and then level transportation section under the discharging of discharging lift successively, discharging raising section, in discharging, level transportation section is promoted to above material storage tube and falls in material storage tube, the bottom of material storage tube is provided with pack Guan Jie, go out to carry out discharging pack from pack joint, complete whole input and output material flow process. present configuration is simple, treatment capacity is big, level of automation height, charging and discharging operation efficiency height, is convenient to charging and discharging pack.The import of described feed-pipe joint is arranged upward; The mouth down that goes out of described discharging Guan Jie is arranged; The mouth down that goes out of described pack Guan Jie is arranged; The bottom of described material storage tube is cone, it is to increase transport efficiency, avoids feed blocking to pile up. Described feed-pipe joint is provided with charging Pneumatic gate valve; Described discharging Guan Jie is provided with discharging Pneumatic gate valve; Described pack Guan Jie is provided with pack Pneumatic gate valve, is convenient to control mass transport process. Described charging raising section and discharging raising section are vertical-lift section, it is to increase raising efficiency, reduce floor space.
6, ventilation plant is comprised the fixing airduct connected by flexible connection structure coaxial rotation and rotates airduct, rotating airduct is axially deep in cylinder by the fixing end caps of discharging along central authorities, and stretch out from the fixing end cap of charging, rotate and airduct is evenly provided with air outlet opening, rotating and be provided with supporting linkage between airduct and central rotational cylinder, rotation airduct end cap fixing with charging and the fixing end cap of discharging are all connected by fixing seal sealing structure; One end that rotation airduct stretches out from the fixing end cap of charging is referred to as exit end, the exit end rotating airduct is provided with ring flange, ring flange with rotate that airduct is detachable is tightly connected, this ventilation plant is when air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder normal operation uses, fixing airduct is blown in cylinder by rotation airduct, and once rotate airduct and block, open ring flange from the exit end ecto-entad rotating airduct and dredge, avoid blocking and block the rotation airduct that causes and scrap. Supporting linkage is connected with central rotational cylinder for rotating airduct, make rotation airduct with central rotational barrel body rotation, supporting linkage cross section assume diamond in shape shape, the line of two sharp-angled apex of rhombus is arranged along the axial direction due rotating airduct, can reduce mass transport resistance so as far as possible. Flexible connection structure plays fixing airduct and the excellent sealing effect rotating airduct, and fixing seal structure plays rotating airduct and the fixing end cap of charging, rotate airduct and the excellent sealing effect of the fixing end cap of discharging. Present configuration is simple, reasonable in design, ensure that the good seal performance rotating airduct and fixing airduct in actual production runs, and prevents from rotating airduct blocking, reduces and rotate airduct condemnation factor, and then improves fermentation and dry effect.
7, the design of Power Drive Unit and bracing or strutting arrangement achieves the support of power wheel drive and the whole cylinder forwarded to by middle rotating cylinder.
8, described inner barrel comprises at least two pitch circle cylinders, the two ends of every pitch circle cylinder are all bent into annular plate in cavity, the plane at annular plate and back up pad place all with the central axis of inner barrel, two annular plate riveted joints of two adjacent one end of pitch circle cylinder, inside and outside back up pad, two ends are welded with outer cylinder body inwall and annular plate respectively; Also being connected by grooved web member between described inner barrel and outer cylinder body, grooved web member comprises one piece of base plate and is located at two blocks of side plates of base plate both sides, and base plate and cylinder are with bolts, and two blocks of side plates and outer cylinder body inwall are welded as a whole. Inner barrel is become by the coaxial riveted joint of cylinder of at least two joints, is convenient to making and installation like this. Adopt grooved web member to be fixedly connected with back up pad between inner barrel with outer cylinder body, inner barrel and outer cylinder body are fixed as one and synchronously operate. Back up pad adopts unequal-angle bar, and grooved web member adopts channel-section steel.
9, the present invention is by above-mentioned stopper sealing structure, bracing or strutting arrangement, cylinder, end cap stationary installation, the antifriction device of end cap, lubrication system, Power Drive Unit, the structure design of ventilation plant and discharging system, its structure is simple, working efficiency height, level of automation height, reliable, treatment capacity is big, fermentation period is shorter, material fermentation degree is even, process effective, fermentative processing is totally-enclosed operation, treating processes free from extraneous odour is excessive, changing food waste is made a silk purse out of a sow's ear, improve the nutrition soil property amount produced, it also avoid the threat that environment and human body may be caused by changing food waste, thus realize the innoxious of diet and kitchen wastes, recycling.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of central rotational cylinder and the fixing end cap junction of discharging in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged view at A place in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged view at D place in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of central rotational cylinder and the fixing end cap junction of charging in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged view of flexible connection structure in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation rotating airduct in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is B-B sectional view in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is C-C sectional view in Fig. 7;
Figure 10 is the enlarged view at E place in Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is done explanation in detail.
As shown in Figures 1 to 10, the air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder of the present invention, comprise bracing or strutting arrangement, cylinder, Power Drive Unit, ventilation plant and discharging system, cylinder and Power Drive Unit are located on bracing or strutting arrangement respectively, cylinder comprises the fixing end cap 2 of charging, central rotational cylinder 3 and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging, cylinder is tilted downwards 3-5 �� (i.e. Barrel alignment and horizontal plane angle ��) to fixing end cap 4 one end of discharging by fixing end cap 2 one end of charging, �� preferably 5 ��, fixing end cap 2 top of the charging of cylinder is provided with air outlet tube joint 1. described central rotational cylinder 3 comprise coaxial setting and by connecting the inner barrel 659 that is fixedly connected with of back up pad and outer cylinder body, the cavity 660 that cross section is annular is formed between inner barrel 659 and outer cylinder body, inner barrel 659 has evenly been offered permeable hole 661, outer cylinder body is provided with the rising pipe 662 being connected with cavity closing on fixing end cap 4 place of discharging, the two ends of the inner barrel 659 of central rotational cylinder 3 are provided with stopper sealing structure 670 respectively and between the fixing end cap 2 of charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging, stopper sealing structure 670 comprises axial backgauge sleeve 671, axial backgauge sleeve 671 is set on inner barrel 659, and end cap 2 is fixed in the outer end of axial backgauge sleeve 671 with described charging or the fixing end cap 4 of discharging is fixedly connected with, the inner of axial backgauge sleeve 671 is fixedly connected with radial backgauge gear ring 672, it is provided with gap between radial backgauge gear ring 672 and described inner barrel 659, and the both sides that radial backgauge gear ring 672 is positioned at described gap are provided with backgauge sealing-ring 673, backgauge sealing-ring 673 is set on described inner barrel and is fixedly connected with radial backgauge gear ring 672.
The fixing end cap 2 of charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging are connected by end cap stationary installation with central rotational cylinder 3 respectively, and described end cap stationary installation comprises rotation fixed sturcture and rotatable support structure; Described rotation fixed sturcture comprises described central rotational cylinder 3 two ends and plugs in the fixing end cap 2 of charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging respectively, the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder 3 is provided with outer thrust ball bearing respectively and between the inwall of the fixing end cap 2 of charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging, outer thrust ball bearing is set on the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder, and the blowout patche 103 of outer thrust ball bearing is positioned at the outside of its seat ring 101; The blowout patche 103 of outer thrust ball bearing keeps off ring 109 with the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder 3 by blowout patche and is fixedly connected with, described blowout patche gear ring 109 be fixedly installed on described central rotational cylinder 3 outer cylinder body, described blowout patche gear ring 109 be fixedly connected with the blowout patche 103 of outer thrust ball bearing; The seat ring 101 of outer thrust ball bearing end cap 2 fixing with described charging or the fixing end cap 4 of discharging keep off ring 108 by seat ring and are fixedly connected with, described seat ring gear ring 108 is fixedly installed on the fixing end cap 2 of described charging or the inner end of the fixing end cap 4 of discharging, and described seat ring gear ring 108 is fixedly connected with the seat ring 101 of outer thrust ball bearing.In figure, 104 represent for ball keeps frame. Described rotatable support structure comprises one group of outer roller 107 around the described uniform spread configuration of central rotational cylinder 3, outer roller 107 is arranged on the outer wall of described central rotational cylinder 3, and the support of outer roller 107 is fixedly connected with the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder 3, the wheel body of outer roller 107 and described seat ring gear ring 108 are to connecing.
Described end cap stationary installation also comprises rotary seal structure, described rotary seal structure comprise be separately positioned on central rotational cylinder 3 outer cylinder body and the inwall of the fixing end cap 2 of charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging between seal sleeve 110, charging is fixed end cap 2, the fixing end cap 4 of discharging, central rotational cylinder 3 and corresponding position, seal sleeve 110 end and is respectively equipped with the block 111 limiting seal sleeve position, and seal sleeve 111 is urethane material; The inner side of the outside of blowout patche gear ring 103, the support of outer roller 107 is respectively arranged with gusseted plate 105.
End cap stationary installation rotates the cooperation by outer thrust ball bearing, blowout patche gear ring 109, seat ring gear ring 108 and outer roller 107 of fixed sturcture and rotatable support structure, the fixing end cap 2 of charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging is not only made to form the structure being mutually engaged with central rotational cylinder 3, avoid the fixing end cap 2 of charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging departs from central rotational cylinder 3 under the effect of inner barrel material, and reduce when central rotational cylinder 3 rotates with charging to fix end cap 2 and the friction resistance of end cap 4 is fixed in discharging.
The fixing end cap 2 of charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging are provided with lubrication system with outer thrust ball bearing corresponding position, lubrication system comprises the oiling seat 113 being arranged on the fixing end cap 2 of charging or fixing end cap 4 top of discharging and is arranged on the oil discharging seat bottom the fixing end cap 2 of charging or the fixing end cap 4 of discharging, on oiling seat 113 and oil discharging seat, ball 102 corresponding position with outer thrust ball bearing has offered oiling road 112 and oil road respectively, the upper port in oiling road 112 and the lower port of oil road are all removably connected with sealing oil lid 114(oil discharging seat and oiling seat 113, oil road and oiling road 112 are symmetrical arranged, the present embodiment no longer describes in detail). lubrication system achieves external thrust ball bearing oiling easily and fuel-displaced, completes the lubrication of external thrust ball bearing, it is to increase its work-ing life.
Discharging system comprises the feeding unit being arranged on fixing end cap 2 top of charging and the drawing mechanism being arranged on fixing end cap 4 bottom of discharging. Described feeding unit comprises charging lift and feed-pipe joint 411, feed-pipe joint 411 is arranged on the top of the fixing end cap 2 of described charging, charging lift is connected to form successively by level transportation section 414 in level transportation section under charging 412, charging raising section 413 and charging, under charging, level transportation section 412 is provided with charging opening 416, in charging, level transportation section 414 is connected with described feed-pipe joint 411, the import of feed-pipe joint 411 is arranged upward, and feed-pipe joint 411 is provided with charging Pneumatic gate valve 415.
Described drawing mechanism comprises the material storage tube 428 that bottom is cone, discharging lift and discharging pipe joint 421, discharging pipe joint 421 is arranged on the bottom of the fixing end cap 4 of described discharging, discharging lift is by level transportation section 422 under discharging, in discharging raising section 423 and discharging, level transportation section 424 connects to form successively, the exit of discharging pipe joint 421 is provided with crusher 425, under discharging, level transportation section 422 and described crusher 425 export corresponding position and are provided with material receiving port 426, material storage tube 428 is arranged on below the outlet of level transportation section 424 in described discharging, the bottom of material storage tube 428 is provided with pack pipe joint 429.The mouth down that goes out of discharging pipe joint 421 and pack pipe joint 429 is arranged, and discharging pipe joint 421 is provided with discharging Pneumatic gate valve 427, and pack pipe joint 429 is provided with pack Pneumatic gate valve 420.
Chain plate lifting machine all selected by described charging lift and discharging lift, and described charging raising section 413 and discharging raising section 423 are vertical-lift section, it is to increase raising efficiency, reduces floor space.
Discharging system is when working use, material enters into charging lift from the charging opening 416 of level transportation section charging 412, level transportation section 412 under charging successively, charging raising section 413, in charging, level transportation section 414 is promoted to feed-pipe joint 411 from ground, and enter cylinder through charging joint 411, through central rotational cylinder 3, material is carried to discharge end after cylinder drying and fermentation, material saves 421 dischargings from discharging pipe, material enters into that crusher 425 is broken and material receiving port 426 that is level transportation section 422 falling to discharging from the outlet in material joint 421, and then level transportation section 422 under the discharging of discharging lift successively, discharging raising section 423, in discharging, level transportation section 424 is promoted to above material storage tube 428 and falls in material storage tube 428, the bottom of material storage tube 428 is provided with pack pipe joint 429, discharging pack is carried out from pack joint 429, complete whole input and output material flow process, its structure is simple, treatment capacity is big, level of automation height, charging and discharging operation efficiency height, it is convenient to charging and discharging pack.
Ventilation plant is comprised the fixing airduct 9 connected by flexible connection structure coaxial rotation and rotates airduct 10, rotate and airduct 10 is evenly provided with air outlet opening 512, rotate airduct 10 and it is provided with supporting linkage 513 and fixing seal structure 553, described rotation airduct 10 is axially deep in cylinder by the fixing end cap 4 of discharging along central authorities, and stretch out from the fixing end cap 2 of charging, rotation airduct 10 end cap 2 fixing with charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging are all connected by fixing seal sealing structure; Rotating one end that airduct 10 stretches out from the fixing end cap 2 of charging and be referred to as exit end, the exit end rotating airduct 10 is provided with ring flange 559, ring flange 559 with rotate that airduct 10 is detachable to be tightly connected.
Described flexible connection structure 551 comprises coaxial the plugging of fixing airduct 9 and rotates in airduct 10, the outer wall of fixing airduct 9 and the inwall of rotation airduct 10 are respectively equipped with gear ring 518, the end rotating airduct 10 is vertically provided with retaining plate 519, retaining plate 519 is connected with limiting plate 521 by standing bolt 520, the wear ring 522 being provided with urethane material between the outer wall of fixing airduct 9 and the inwall rotating airduct 10, wear ring 522 is between gear ring 518 and limiting plate 521. Flexible connection structure 551 plays fixing airduct 9 and the excellent sealing effect rotating airduct 10. Described fixing seal structure 553 comprises the seal washer 514 being enclosed within rotation airduct 10 and the limiting gasket 515 being enclosed within outside seal washer 514, being provided with, outside seal washer 514 and limiting gasket 515, the compressing tablet 516 being enclosed within and rotating outside airduct 10, compressing tablet 516 and limiting gasket 515 are fastenedly connected by the fixing end cap 2 of holding bolt 517 and charging or the fixing end cap 4 of discharging. Fixing seal structure 553 plays the excellent sealing effect rotating between airduct 10 and the fixing end cap 2 of charging, rotate between airduct 10 and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging. Supporting linkage 13 is for being connected rotation airduct 10 with central rotational cylinder 3, rotation airduct 10 is rotated with central rotational cylinder 3, supporting linkage 13 cross section assume diamond in shape shape, the line of two sharp-angled apex of rhombus is arranged along the axial direction due rotating airduct 10, can reduce mass transport resistance so as far as possible.
Ventilation plant is when air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder normal operation uses, fixing airduct 9 is blown in cylinder by rotation airduct 10, and once rotation airduct blocks, open ring flange 559 to dredge from the exit end ecto-entad rotating airduct 10, avoid the rotation airduct blocked and blocking causes to scrap.
The inner face place of the fixing end cap 2 of described charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging is provided with the antifriction device of end cap, the antifriction device of described end cap comprises the rotating disk 203 being arranged on inside the fixing end cap 2 of charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging, rotating disk 203 end cap 2 fixing with charging or the fixing end cap 4 of discharging are connected by interior angular contact ball bearing 200, the inner face of the inner ring 201 of described interior angular contact ball bearing 200 end cap 2 fixing with described charging or the fixing end cap 4 of discharging is fixedly connected with, and the outer ring 202 of described interior angular contact ball bearing 200 is fixedly connected with described rotating disk 203. Described rotating disk 203 and charging are fixed and are provided with one group of internal trolley 204 between end cap 2 or the fixing end cap 4 of discharging, internal trolley 204 is around the described interior uniform spread configuration of angular contact ball bearing 200, and the support of internal trolley 204 is fixedly connected with described rotating disk 203, end cap 2 is fixed in the wheel body of internal trolley 204 and described charging or discharging fixes end cap 4 to connecing. The antifriction device of described end cap is by the cooperation of interior angular contact ball bearing 200, internal trolley 204 and rotating disk 203, reduce material to the frictional dissipation of the fixing end cap 2 of charging and the fixing end cap 4 of discharging, material directly acts on rotating disk 203 when rotating, and avoids directly and end cap contact friction. Interior angular contact ball bearing 200 is set in and rotates on airduct 10, rotating disk 203 offers, with rotation airduct 10 corresponding position, the through hole passed for rotating airduct 10, avoids rotating disk 203 to the impact rotating airduct 10.
Power Drive Unit comprises drive-motor 40, step-down gear 41, gear 42 and big gear ring 43, big gear ring 43 is located on the outer cylinder body of central rotational cylinder 3, the power wheel drive end of drive-motor 40 is in transmission connection by step-down gear 41 and gear 42, and gear 42 and big gear ring 43 are connected with a joggle.
Bracing or strutting arrangement comprises middle base 46 and for supporting the fixing end cap 2 of charging and the support 47 of the fixing end cap 4 of discharging, middle base 46 is provided with support roller 48, and the outer cylinder body of central rotational cylinder 3 is provided with the wheel rim 49 contacted and be rotatably assorted with support roller 48.
Inner barrel 659 comprises at least two pitch circle cylinders 664, the two ends of every pitch circle cylinder 664 are all bent into annular plate 665 in cavity 660, the plane at annular plate 665 and back up pad 658 place all with the central axis of inner barrel 659, two annular plates 665 of two adjacent one end of pitch circle cylinder 664 are riveted, and inside and outside back up pad 658, two ends are welded with outer cylinder body inwall and annular plate 665 respectively; Also it is connected by grooved web member between described inner barrel 659 and outer cylinder body, grooved web member comprises one piece of base plate 666 and is located at two blocks of side plates 667 of base plate 666 both sides, base plate 666 is with bolts with cylinder 664, and two blocks of side plates 667 are welded as a whole with outer cylinder body inwall. Back up pad 658 adopts unequal-angle bar, and grooved web member adopts channel-section steel.
The present invention is when working use, drive unit drives central rotational cylinder 3 to rotate, material is entered by feeding unit, in the process of charging, air outlet tube joint 1 closedown, the fixing airduct 9 connecing gas blower is by rotating airduct 10 and air outlet tube joint 1 air-supply in cylinder, material is carried by central rotational cylinder 3 to discharge end, along with the conveying of material in cylinder, aerobic fermentation continues to carry out, , moisture in the middle of material is flowed in the cavity 660 between inner barrel 659 and outer cylinder body by the permeable hole 661 on inner barrel 659, moisture flows through rising pipe 662 bottom along outer cylinder body lower inner wall and discharges, when carrying out discharging after mass transport to drawing mechanism one end.During discharging, air intake stops. Entering into after in cylinder at material, feeding unit and drawing mechanism are closed, and ventilate and proceed with air-out, material is dried and ferments, it is 80% that its air is used for dry ratio, and the ratio for fermenting is 20%, carries out discharge in drying with after fermentation for some time. The waste gas produced in treating processes is collected by negative pressure induced wind mode is unified, discharge after concentrating deodorizing process up to standard.
The present invention is by above-mentioned stopper sealing structure, bracing or strutting arrangement, cylinder, end cap stationary installation, the antifriction device of end cap, lubrication system, Power Drive Unit, the structure design of ventilation plant and discharging system, its structure is simple, working efficiency height, level of automation height, reliable treatment capacity is big, fermentation period is shorter, material fermentation degree is even, process effective, fermentative processing is totally-enclosed operation, treating processes free from extraneous odour is excessive, changing food waste is made a silk purse out of a sow's ear, improve the nutrition soil property amount produced, it also avoid the threat that environment and human body may be caused by changing food waste, thus realize the innoxious of diet and kitchen wastes, recycling.
The technical scheme of above embodiment only unrestricted the present invention in order to explanation, although with reference to above-described embodiment to invention has been detailed explanation, it will be understood by those within the art that: still the present invention can be modified or equivalent replacement, and not departing from any modification or partial replacement of the spirit and scope of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the right of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder, comprise bracing or strutting arrangement, cylinder, Power Drive Unit, ventilation plant and discharging system, cylinder and Power Drive Unit are located on bracing or strutting arrangement respectively, cylinder comprises the fixing end cap of charging, central rotational cylinder and the fixing end cap of discharging, cylinder is tilted downwards to the fixing end cap one end of discharging by the fixing end cap one end of charging, described central rotational cylinder comprise coaxial setting and by connecting the inner barrel that is fixedly connected with of back up pad and outer cylinder body, the cavity that cross section is annular is formed between inner barrel and outer cylinder body, inner barrel has evenly been offered permeable hole, outer cylinder body is provided with the rising pipe being connected with cavity closing on the fixing end caps of discharging, it is characterized in that: the two ends of the inner barrel of described central rotational cylinder are provided with stopper sealing structure respectively and between the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging, the fixing end cap of described charging and the fixing end cap of discharging are connected by end cap stationary installation with central rotational cylinder respectively, and described end cap stationary installation comprises rotation fixed sturcture and rotatable support structure, described rotation fixed sturcture comprises described central rotational cylinder two ends and plugs in the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging respectively, the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder is provided with outer thrust ball bearing respectively and between the inwall of the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging, outer thrust ball bearing is set on the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder, and the blowout patche of outer thrust ball bearing is positioned at the outside of its seat ring, the outer cylinder body of the blowout patche of outer thrust ball bearing and described central rotational cylinder keeps off ring by blowout patche and is fixedly connected with, described blowout patche gear ring be fixedly installed on described central rotational cylinder outer cylinder body, described blowout patche gear ring is fixedly connected with the blowout patche of outer thrust ball bearing, the seat ring of outer thrust ball bearing end cap fixing with described charging or the fixing end cap of discharging keep off ring by seat ring and are fixedly connected with, described seat ring gear ring is fixedly installed on the fixing end cap of described charging or the inner end of the fixing end cap of discharging, and described seat ring gear ring is fixedly connected with the seat ring of outer thrust ball bearing.
2. air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stopper sealing structure comprises axial backgauge sleeve, axial backgauge jacket casing is located on described inner barrel, and end cap is fixed in the outer end of axial backgauge sleeve with described charging or the fixing end cap of discharging is fixedly connected with, the inner of axial backgauge sleeve is fixedly connected with radial backgauge gear ring, it is provided with gap between radial backgauge gear ring and described inner barrel, and the both sides that radial backgauge gear ring is positioned at described gap are provided with backgauge sealing-ring, backgauge sealing-ring is set on described inner barrel and is fixedly connected with radial backgauge gear ring.
3. air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described rotatable support structure comprises one group of outer roller around the described uniform spread configuration of central rotational cylinder, outer roller is arranged on the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder, and the support of outer roller is fixedly connected with the outer cylinder body of described central rotational cylinder, the wheel body of outer roller and described seat ring gear ring are to connecing; Described end cap stationary installation also comprises rotary seal structure, described rotary seal structure comprises the seal sleeve between the inwall of the outer cylinder body being separately positioned on central rotational cylinder and the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging, and charging is fixed end cap, the fixing end cap of discharging, central rotational cylinder and corresponding position, seal sleeve end and is respectively equipped with the block limiting seal sleeve position; Described seal sleeve is urethane material; The inner side of the outside of described blowout patche gear ring, the support of outer roller is respectively arranged with gusseted plate.
4. air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the fixing end cap of described charging and discharging inboardend cover and be provided with lubrication system with outer thrust ball bearing corresponding position, lubrication system comprises the oiling seat being arranged on the fixing end cap of charging or discharging inboardend tops and is arranged on the oil discharging seat bottom the fixing end cap of charging or the fixing end cap of discharging, on oiling seat and oil discharging seat, ball corresponding position with outer thrust ball bearing has offered oiling road and oil road respectively, the upper port in oiling road and the lower port of oil road are all removably connected with sealing oil lid.
5. air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the inner face place of the fixing end cap of described charging and the fixing end cap of discharging is provided with the antifriction device of end cap, the antifriction device of described end cap comprises the rotating disk being arranged on inside the fixing end cap of charging and the fixing end cap of discharging, rotating disk end cap fixing with charging or the fixing end cap of discharging are connected by neck bearing, the inner face of the inner ring of described neck bearing end cap fixing with described charging or the fixing end cap of discharging is fixedly connected with, and the outer ring of described neck bearing is fixedly connected with described rotating disk.
6. air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described rotating disk and charging are fixed and be provided with one group of internal trolley between end cap or the fixing end cap of discharging, internal trolley is around the uniform spread configuration of described neck bearing, and the support of internal trolley is fixedly connected with described rotating disk, end cap is fixed in the wheel body of internal trolley and described charging or discharging fixes end cap to connecing;
Described neck bearing is angular contact ball bearing.
7. air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described ventilation plant is comprised the fixing airduct connected by flexible connection structure coaxial rotation and rotates airduct, rotating airduct is axially deep in cylinder by the fixing end caps of discharging along central authorities, and stretch out from the fixing end cap of charging, rotate and airduct is evenly provided with air outlet opening, rotating and be provided with supporting linkage between airduct and central rotational cylinder, rotation airduct end cap fixing with charging and the fixing end cap of discharging are all connected by fixing seal sealing structure; Rotating one end that airduct stretches out from the fixing end cap of charging and be referred to as exit end, the exit end rotating airduct is provided with ring flange, ring flange with rotate that airduct is detachable to be tightly connected;
Described flexible connection structure comprises coaxial the plugging of fixing airduct and rotates in airduct, the outer wall of fixing airduct and the inwall of rotation airduct are respectively equipped with gear ring, the end rotating airduct is vertically provided with retaining plate, retaining plate is connected with limiting plate by standing bolt, the wear ring being provided with urethane material between the outer wall of fixing airduct and the inwall rotating airduct, wear ring is between gear ring and limiting plate;
Described fixing seal structure comprises the seal washer being enclosed within rotation airduct and the limiting gasket being enclosed within outside seal washer, being provided with, outside seal washer and limiting gasket, the compressing tablet being enclosed within and rotating outside airduct, compressing tablet and limiting gasket are covered tightly by the fixing end cap of holding bolt and charging or discharging inboardend and are solidly connected;
The cross section of described supporting linkage assumes diamond in shape shape, and the line of two sharp-angled apex of rhombus is arranged along the axial direction due rotating airduct;
Described internal bearing sleeve is located at and rotates on airduct, and described rotating disk offers, with rotation airduct corresponding position, the through hole passed for rotating airduct.
8. air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described discharging system comprises the drawing mechanism being arranged on charging inboardend upper part of the cover feeding unit and being arranged on the fixing end cap bottom of discharging, described feeding unit comprises charging lift and feed-pipe joint, feed-pipe joint is arranged on the top of the fixing end cap of described charging, charging lift is by level transportation section under charging, in charging raising section and charging, level transportation section connects to form successively, under charging, level transportation section is provided with charging opening, in charging, level transportation section is connected with described feed-pipe joint, described drawing mechanism comprises material storage tube, discharging lift and discharging Guan Jie, discharging Guan Jie is arranged on the bottom of the fixing end cap of described discharging, discharging lift is connected to form successively by level transportation section in level transportation section under discharging, discharging raising section and discharging, the exit of discharging Guan Jie is provided with crusher, under discharging, level transportation section and described crusher outlet corresponding position are provided with material receiving port, material storage tube is arranged on below the outlet of level transportation section in described discharging, and the bottom of material storage tube is provided with pack Guan Jie,
The import of described feed-pipe joint is arranged upward; The mouth down that goes out of described discharging Guan Jie is arranged; The mouth down that goes out of described pack Guan Jie is arranged; Described feed-pipe joint is provided with charging Pneumatic gate valve; Described discharging Guan Jie is provided with discharging Pneumatic gate valve; Described pack Guan Jie is provided with pack Pneumatic gate valve; The bottom of described material storage tube is cone.
9. air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described Power Drive Unit comprises drive-motor, step-down gear, gear and big gear ring, big gear ring is located on the outer cylinder body of central rotational cylinder, the power wheel drive end of drive-motor is connected with geartransmission by step-down gear, and gear and big gear ring are connected with a joggle; Described bracing or strutting arrangement comprises middle base and for supporting the fixing end cap of charging and the support of the fixing end cap of discharging, middle base is provided with support roller, and the outer cylinder body of central rotational cylinder is provided with the wheel rim contacted and be rotatably assorted with support roller.
10. air-tight double cylinder aerobic fermentation cylinder according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described inner barrel comprises at least two pitch circle cylinders, the two ends of every pitch circle cylinder are all bent into annular plate in cavity, the plane at annular plate and back up pad place all with the central axis of inner barrel, two annular plate riveted joints of two adjacent one end of pitch circle cylinder, inside and outside back up pad, two ends are welded with outer cylinder body inwall and annular plate respectively; Also being connected by grooved web member between described inner barrel and outer cylinder body, grooved web member comprises one piece of base plate and is located at two blocks of side plates of base plate both sides, and base plate and cylinder are with bolts, and two blocks of side plates and outer cylinder body inwall are welded as a whole.
CN201610163843.2A 2016-03-22 2016-03-22 Closed double-layer barrel aerobic fermentation cylinder Pending CN105646013A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107309242A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-11-03 安徽新兴翼凌机电发展有限公司 A kind of small enclosed garbage fermentation processing unit
CN110092675A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-08-06 常州大学 A kind of kitchen waste compost device

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CN102942042A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-02-27 江苏富莱士机械有限公司 Material regulator
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CN101579023A (en) * 2009-06-15 2009-11-18 张萍 Adjustable continuous tea-rolling machine with bidirectional roller
CN202540727U (en) * 2012-04-19 2012-11-21 河北颐通管业有限公司 Roller for steel frame helical bellows production line
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CN107309242A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-11-03 安徽新兴翼凌机电发展有限公司 A kind of small enclosed garbage fermentation processing unit
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