CN105644727B - Multifunctional floating offshore platform - Google Patents

Multifunctional floating offshore platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105644727B
CN105644727B CN201410414889.8A CN201410414889A CN105644727B CN 105644727 B CN105644727 B CN 105644727B CN 201410414889 A CN201410414889 A CN 201410414889A CN 105644727 B CN105644727 B CN 105644727B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
buoyancy tank
hinged
sea
marine
compartment
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CN201410414889.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105644727A (en
Inventor
耿婧
肖辉旭
王春建
张鹏宇
宋寒
牛忠成
张传刚
Original Assignee
国家电网公司
国网吉林省电力有限公司辽源供电公司
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Priority to CN201410414889.8A priority Critical patent/CN105644727B/en
Publication of CN105644727A publication Critical patent/CN105644727A/en
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Publication of CN105644727B publication Critical patent/CN105644727B/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of Multifunctional floating offshore platform, to solve existing platform from water maintenance issues, it is multiple crossbeams arranged side by side and multiple longerons arranged side by side are crisscross is fixed together, is separated out multiple rectangle compartments arranged side by side, each compartment be hinged a top surface be plane, front/rear end be hinged with the crossbeam, both sides and undersea buoyancy tank is immersed in bottom when being lower convex wall, load-bearing below, rotation driving locking or the stabilising arrangement of buoyancy tank are fitted between the buoyancy tank and the crossbeam.The platform configuration has the marine compressed air energy storage station that compressed air reservoir built in its buoyancy tank or storage pipe are supported, the power supply of the marine compressed air energy storage station is selected from submarine cable power supply, maritime wave energy power generating source, marine tidal power power supply, offshore wind power generation power supply, marine photovoltaic generation power supply.It with can at sea be carried out in situ dry dock formula care and maintenance, can continue at sea to float, service life long running cost is low, be particularly suitable as the permanent support platform of seabase and be suitable as the advantage of the seaway across sea.

Description

Multifunctional floating offshore platform
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of offshore platform, more particularly to a kind of Multifunctional floating offshore platform.
Background technology
China marine site is vast, and it is far from being enough only to carry out radiativity marine protection by base of islands and reefs to utilize, although The deficiency in islands and reefs base can be made up in a degree by building a large amount of naval vessels of input, still, and the operation on a large amount of naval vessels maintains to need A large amount of non-renewable petroleum resources are expended, a large amount of manpowers is taken, supports cost high, it is economically infeasible, also it is unfavorable for energy-conservation Emission reduction, the wasting of resources is big.Build can as seabase ocean platform, make up islands and reefs radiation scope wretched insufficiency defect, Clearly a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective, economically viable good method, it is not only able to meet carries out radiativity protection as ocean terminal Using eager needs, it can also giving full play to China's steel production capacity advantage, save difficult after over half a century, several generations Advantage steel industry that is pungent, growing up with great difficulty.But it is possible to be put down as marine protection using the ocean of radiating base Platform is a big system that could be set up the problem of needing to solve many every aspects, for example:1st, there must be input-output efficiency, The platform of simple consuming type is hard to carry on;2nd, platform can not possibly as naval vessel, periodically the dry dock to female port safeguard and Maintenance, it is necessary to solve original place maintenance problem, could be feasible;3rd, platform can not possibly fully rely on fuel oil or combustion as naval vessel Gas energy etc..
The content of the invention
Present invention aims to overcome that the drawbacks described above of prior art can at sea be carried out in situ dry dock formula there is provided one kind Care and maintenance, can continue at sea to float, the low Multifunctional floating offshore platform of service life long running cost.
To achieve the above object, Multifunctional floating offshore platform of the present invention is that multiple crossbeams arranged side by side are indulged with multiple arranged side by side Beam is crisscross to be fixed together, be separated out multiple rectangle compartments arranged side by side, and each compartment is hinged a top surface for plane, front and rear End face and the crossbeam are hinged, both sides and undersea buoyancy tank, the buoyancy tank are immersed in bottom when being lower convex wall, load-bearing below Rotation driving locking or the stabilising arrangement of buoyancy tank are fitted between the crossbeam.After buoyancy tank rotation can by all or Casing below the water line of person part exposes sea, to carry out marine dry dock formula care and maintenance on the spot.With can be in sea On be carried out in situ dry dock formula care and maintenance, can continue at sea to float, service life long running cost is low, be particularly suitable for make For the advantage of the permanent support platform of seabase.
As optimization, the rotation driving locking or stabilising arrangement are locked when the buoyancy tank top surface is located at horizontality Fixed or stable buoyancy tank, makes the stable floating load-bearing across the sea of buoyancy tank;Rotated in the buoyancy tank and some or all of expose sea Shi Suoding or stable buoyancy tank, to carry out operational maintenance maintenance to the buoyancy tank or buoyancy tank part that expose sea.
As optimization, the crossbeam of the compartment is hinged by the front/rear end of elevating mechanism and the buoyancy tank, the buoyancy tank The buoyancy tank rotary drive mechanism of buoyancy tank locking or stabilizing mechanism and lifting force driving is fitted between the crossbeam.
As optimization, top surface is fixedly mounted with and is hinged with the elevating mechanism lower end respectively as the front/rear end of the buoyancy tank of flat surface Jointed shaft, and be fixed with using the spacing sliding thick stick of a pair of herringbones for being hinged axle center as the center of circle, the crossbeam is configured with can be with Move forward and backward, with a pair of spacing travellers of the spacing sliding thick stick adapted of the splayed;This pair of spacing traveller is in the case where the buoyancy tank is located at During position, downwardly against the spacing sliding thick stick of the splayed, prevent buoyancy tank from rocking, when buoyancy tank rises, the spacing traveller in side is drawn back Go, depart from the spacing constraint to the sliding thick stick in lateral spacing position, the spacing cunning of the spacing traveller of opposite side then all the time tightly against opposite side Thick stick, forces buoyancy tank rotation up to buoyancy tank rises to up to point, makes buoyancy tank water line lower box is some or all of to expose sea, more It is preferred that making partly to expose sea on buoyancy tank water line lower box, make partly to float on sea under buoyancy tank water line lower box;Buoyancy tank After decline, then after reverse operating rising, the buoyancy tank water line nowel body portion that sea is not exposed in previous rising can be made to expose sea Face;
Or elevating mechanism described in buoyancy tank front/rear end lower hinge of the top surface below flat surface, and make buoyancy tank center of gravity It is located at the centre of buoyancy suffered by buoyancy tank above the hinge axes that buoyancy tank front/rear end is hinged with the elevating mechanism lower end, it is described floating When case is lifted off sea, buoyancy tank can automatic turning under gravity, make buoyancy tank bottom surface upward and stable by gravity, under the buoyancy tank During drop, it can make buoyancy tank top surface upward under buoyancy and stable buoyancy tank.
As optimization, the crossbeam is the Ji tee section beam that panel is formed with downwards two risers, and the riser is formed with downwards V The upper end of equipped elevating mechanism on the outside of shape or triangle support frame, the riser, the lower end of elevating mechanism is hinged before the buoyancy tank The jointed shaft that rear end is fixedly mounted with, when V-arrangement or the triangle support frame lower end is fixed with buoyancy tank positioned at bottom, props up buoyancy tank hinge upwards Spindle or the U-shaped bracket for being hinged axle sleeve;
As the actuation means of the spacing traveller of the buoyancy tank adapted of flat surface it is the configuration of spacing traveller in the branch with top surface In horizontal sleeve pipe on support, described spacing traveller the inner is hinged upper connecting rod and lower link, the crossbeam up and down respectively Panel connects downwards montant by the groove cap of circumferential slide fit, and montant connects through slide fit seat and is fitted in support frame as described above still further below The vertical reverse-flighted screw of inner side, vertical reverse-flighted screw hypomere set is with the lower nut for being hinged described lower link the inner, vertical two-way spiral shell The bar epimere set upper cap nut inner with the upper connecting rod is hinged;
The buoyancy tank front/rear end is below its jointed shaft lower part or jointed shaft and two side portions are prow shape.
As optimization, top surface be located at the buoyancy tank front/rear end below flat surface have above and below two pair of a groove, on support frame as described above Equipped with a pair of spacing travellers with the actuation means with the two pair of a groove adapted up and down:The buoyancy tank is located at lower stop Point when, the spacing low residence of traveller state buoyancy tank on to groove, the buoyancy tank be located at top dead centre when, the spacing traveller is propped up The buoyancy tank it is lower to groove;
The horizontal reverse-flighted screw of rotating driving device is provided with the outside of the riser by slide fit seat, horizontal reverse-flighted screw is left Section and right section respectively set with being hinged the left-handed screw nut and right nut of left connecting rod and right connecting rod downwards, the left linkages lower end be hinged with Buoyancy tank jointed shaft slide fit is hinged axle sleeve;The nut is naked to match somebody with somebody or horizontal slide fit is in the horizontal slide rail that the riser is equipped with. Synchronous rotary control device is configured between the rotating driving device that front and rear two horizontal reverse-flighted screws of same compartment are respectively configured.
The top surface is concordant with above the crossbeam as the buoyancy tank top surface of platform, top edge and the crossbeam and longeron Gap configuration.
As optimization, make successively after hinge connections as pontoon bridge between island and island or continent and island or floating ground Island becomes duplex or multi-joint island, makes to become the peninsula with the island that continent is connected with island;
Or by anchoring on the solid sea in reef atoll of linkwork.
As optimization, numerous hinged anchorings of platform arranged side by side form marine super land across the sea;The sea Upper super land is independently of sea or passes through the platform connection continent or island being hinged successively;
The platform configuration has the marine Caes electricity that compressed air reservoir built in its buoyancy tank or storage pipe are supported Stand, the power supply of the marine compressed air energy storage station is selected from submarine cable power supply, maritime wave energy power generating source, marine tide Can power generating source, offshore wind power generation power supply, marine photovoltaic generation power supply.
As optimization, it is multiple in a ring or the marine super land of S-shaped distribution is concatenated by multiple platforms Super pontoon bridge links together;
Or the super pontoon bridge that multiple marine super land are serially connected by multiple platforms is used as across wide Marine site connects the super land property tie on island and island, island and continent, continent and continent;
There is the bridge spanning the sea constructed on sea bed between the marine super land and the super pontoon bridge;
The marine compressed air energy storage station is disconnected by continent peak of power consumption period, continent low power consumption period connects Attachment means of avoiding the peak hour couple with the submarine cable;The compressed air reservoir or storage pipe are matched somebody with somebody side by side for one or more Put the compressed air reservoir with insulating or storage pipe in the buoyancy tank.
As optimization, the compartment and buoyancy tank are longitudinal direction length, horizontal short rectangle compartment and rectangle buoyancy tank;It is described floating The lower convex wall of case is semicircular arc wall or is semiellipse arcwall;A part for the numerous compartments of platform is floating for configuration The buoyancy tank compartment of case, another part is the naked compartment for not configuring buoyancy tank, and the buoyancy tank compartment is configured or institute with naked compartment interval State buoyancy tank compartment area interval every configuration or the buoyancy tank compartment and naked compartment and the buoyancy tank compartment area and naked lattice with naked compartment Between the configuration of area mixed interval.The naked compartment is configured with mariculture or plantation net cage;
The longeron is horizontal due to the lower channel-section steel below the upper plate and connected crossbeam above the connected crossbeam and connection Beam sides, the upper plate and lower channel-section steel are connected and formed;One above the longeron or two tracks arranged side by side, the track Configuration is located at building or structures chassis on the platform that the rail wheel above buoyancy tank is supported;
The front end face or rear end face of the buoyancy tank are towards ocean current.
After adopting the above technical scheme, Multifunctional floating offshore platform of the present invention, which has, can at sea be carried out in situ dry dock Formula care and maintenance, can continue at sea to float, service life long running cost is low, be particularly suitable as the permanent of seabase Property support platform and be suitable as the advantage of seaway across sea.Such as couple Haikou city seashore and Guangdong Leizhou half Pontoon bridge or floating ground between the continent and island of island seashore.Such as couple China Taiwan with continent Fujian Province seashore across the Taiwan Straits Super land property tie over strait, the super land property knob over strait of the Huanghai Sea is crossed in connection China's Shandong Peninsula the east and South Korea West Coast Band.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overlooking the structure diagram of the first embodiment of Multifunctional floating offshore platform of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the A-A direction views in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the left upset raised configuration of buoyancy tank in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of single compartment and buoyancy tank in second of embodiment of Multifunctional floating offshore platform of the present invention Figure;
Fig. 5 is structural representation when buoyancy tank rotation rises to top dead centre in Fig. 4.
Embodiment
Embodiment one, as Figure 1-3, Multifunctional floating offshore platform of the present invention are that multiple panels arranged side by side are formed with downwards The Ji tee section crossbeam 1 of two risers with it is multiple side by side above there is the longeron 2 of two tracks arranged side by side is crisscross to be connected in one , are separated out that multiple longitudinal directions arranged side by side are long, horizontal short rectangle compartments, and each compartment is hinged a top surface for plane, front and rear End face and the crossbeam 1 are hinged, both sides and when being lower convex wall, load-bearing below under the immersion sea of bottom, top surface is as platform The rectangle buoyancy tank 3 in face, is fitted with the rotation driving locking of buoyancy tank 3 or stable dress between the buoyancy tank 3 and the crossbeam 1 Put.Rotation driving locking (or stabilising arrangement) is that locking is (or steady when the top surface of buoyancy tank 3 is located at horizontality It is fixed) buoyancy tank 3, make the stable floating load-bearing across the sea of buoyancy tank;Locked when the buoyancy tank 3 rotates to and partly exposes sea (or it is steady It is fixed) buoyancy tank 3, to carry out operational maintenance maintenance to the buoyancy tank 3 or buoyancy tank part that expose sea.The crossbeam of the compartment passes through lifting Mechanism and the front/rear end of the buoyancy tank are hinged, and buoyancy tank locking or stabilizing mechanism are fitted between the buoyancy tank and the crossbeam The buoyancy tank rotary drive mechanism driven with lifting force.The track configurations are located on the platform that the rail wheel of the top of buoyancy tank 3 is supported Building or structures chassis.Adjacent chassis respectively takes one in the two-orbit.The longeron 2 is due to positioned at described solid Lower channel-section steel below upper plate and connected crossbeam 1 and the side of connecting cross beam 1, the upper plate and lower channel-section steel above lien beam 1 are connected Form.The width of the lower channel-section steel is less than the width of upper plate.
The top surface of buoyancy tank 3 is concordant above with the crossbeam 1, top edge and the crossbeam 1 and the gap configuration of longeron 2.
Specifically the front/rear end of buoyancy tank 3 is fixedly mounted with the jointed shaft 31 being hinged with the elevating mechanism lower end respectively, and matches somebody with somebody Equipped with the spacing sliding thick stick 32 of a pair of herringbones that axle center as the center of circle are hinged using this, the crossbeam 1, which is configured with, to be moved forward and backward, with A pair of spacing travellers 12 of the spacing sliding adapted of thick stick 32 of splayed;This pair of spacing traveller 12 when the buoyancy tank 3 is located at the next, Downwardly against the spacing sliding thick stick 32 of the splayed, prevent buoyancy tank 3 from rocking, when buoyancy tank 3 rises, the spacing traveller 12 in side is drawn back Go, depart from the spacing constraint to the sliding thick stick 32 in lateral spacing position, the limit of the spacing traveller 12 of opposite side then all the time tightly against opposite side The sliding thick stick 32 in position, forces the rotation of buoyancy tank 3 up to buoyancy tank rises to up to point, the water line nowel body portion of buoyancy tank 3 is exposed sea, make Partly floated under the water line lower box of buoyancy tank 3 on sea;After buoyancy tank 3 declines, then after reverse operating rising, can not have previous rising There is the water line nowel body portion of buoyancy tank 3 for exposing sea to expose sea.
The riser of crossbeam 1 is formed with downwards the upper end of equipped elevating mechanism on the outside of V-arrangement or triangle support frame 4, the riser, The lower end of elevating mechanism is hinged the jointed shaft 31 that the front/rear end of buoyancy tank 3 is fixedly mounted with, the lower end of V-arrangement or triangle support frame 4 When being fixed with buoyancy tank 3 positioned at bottom, the U-shaped that buoyancy tank is hinged the connected diagonal brace in the outside top of axle sleeve 33 (or jointed shaft) is propped up upwards Bracket 44;
The actuation means of spacing traveller 12 are institutes in the horizontal sleeve pipe 40 that spacing traveller 12 is configured on support frame as described above 4 State spacing traveller the inner and be hinged upper connecting rod and lower link, the groove that the crossbeam panel passes through circumferential slide fit up and down respectively Cap 13 connects downwards montant, and montant connects through the vertical reverse-flighted screw that slide fit seat is fitted on the inside of support frame as described above still further below, Vertically reverse-flighted screw hypomere set covers to match somebody with somebody and is hinged on described with lower nut, the vertical reverse-flighted screw epimere for being hinged described lower link the inner The inner upper cap nut of connecting rod.
The elevating mechanism is the horizontal stroke for being provided with rotating driving device on the outside of crossbeam riser by the slide fit seat 5 of left, center, right three Reverse-flighted screw 51 is put, set matches somebody with somebody the left spiral shell for being hinged left connecting rod 52 and right connecting rod 53 downwards to horizontal left section and right section of reverse-flighted screw 51 respectively Cap 54 and right nut 55, the left linkages lower end is hinged is hinged axle sleeve 33 with buoyancy tank jointed shaft 31 slide fit;The nut is naked Match somebody with somebody or horizontal slide fit is in the horizontal slide rail that the riser is equipped with.The rotation of two horizontal reverse-flighted screws of same compartment configuration Sync control device is configured between drive device.
The platform configuration has the marine Caes electricity that compressed air reservoir built in its buoyancy tank 3 or storage pipe are supported Stand, the power supply of the marine compressed air energy storage station is selected from submarine cable power supply, maritime wave energy power generating source, marine tide Can power generating source, offshore wind power generation power supply, marine photovoltaic generation power supply.
The marine compressed air energy storage station is disconnected by continent peak of power consumption period, continent low power consumption period connects Attachment means of avoiding the peak hour couple with the submarine cable;The compressed air reservoir or storage pipe are matched somebody with somebody side by side for one or more Put the compressed air reservoir with insulating or storage pipe in the buoyancy tank 3.
Embodiment two, as illustrated in figures 4-5, the difference of Multifunctional floating offshore platform of the present invention and embodiment one are that many Individual panel arranged side by side be formed with downwards the Ji tee section crossbeam 1 of two risers with it is multiple side by side above have indulging for two tracks arranged side by side Beam 2 is crisscross to be fixed together, it is long to be separated out multiple longitudinal directions arranged side by side, horizontal short rectangle compartments, and each compartment is hinged One top surface be plane, front/rear end and the crossbeam 1 be hinged, both sides and bottom is immersed when being lower convex wall, load-bearing below Undersea rectangle buoyancy tank 3, be fitted between the buoyancy tank 3 and the crossbeam 1 buoyancy tank 3 rotation driving locking or stably Device.Stable (or locking) device of the rotation driving is (or lock stable when the top surface of buoyancy tank 3 is located at horizontality It is fixed) buoyancy tank 3, make the stable floating load-bearing across the sea of buoyancy tank;Stable when the buoyancy tank 3 rotates to and all exposes sea (or lock It is fixed) buoyancy tank 3, to carry out operational maintenance maintenance to the buoyancy tank 3 or buoyancy tank part that expose sea.The crossbeam of the compartment passes through lifting Mechanism and the front/rear end of the buoyancy tank are hinged, and stable (or locking) machine of buoyancy tank is fitted between the buoyancy tank and the crossbeam Structure and the buoyancy tank rotary drive mechanism of lifting force driving.It is not provided with the spacing sliding thick stick 32 of herringbone and the therewith spacing cunning of adapted Post.
Elevating mechanism described in the front/rear end lower hinge of buoyancy tank 3, and make the centre of buoyancy suffered by buoyancy tank center of gravity and buoyancy tank Above the hinge axes that the front/rear end of buoyancy tank 3 and the elevating mechanism lower end are hinged, the buoyancy tank 3 is lifted off sea When, buoyancy tank 3 can automatic turning under gravity, make the bottom surface of buoyancy tank 3 upward and stable by gravity, can be floating when the buoyancy tank 3 declines Make the top surface of buoyancy tank 3 upward under power effect and stable buoyancy tank 3.
Can be further preferred:Buoyancy tank front/rear end have above and below two pair of a groove, be furnished with support frame as described above and described up and down two To a pair of spacing travellers with the actuation means of groove adapted:When the buoyancy tank is located at lower dead center, the spacing cunning The low residence of post state buoyancy tank on to groove, the buoyancy tank be located at top dead centre when, the spacing traveller props up the lower right of the buoyancy tank Groove.
, can further preferably following supplementary technology scheme on the basis of above-mentioned two embodiments:
1st, the buoyancy tank front/rear end is below its jointed shaft lower part or jointed shaft and two side portions are preferably ship Capitiform.
2nd, the lower convex wall of the buoyancy tank is preferably semicircular arc wall or preferably semiellipse arcwall.
3rd, a part for the numerous compartments of the platform is the buoyancy tank compartment of configuration buoyancy tank, and another part is not configure buoyancy tank Naked compartment, the buoyancy tank compartment and the configuration of naked compartment interval or the buoyancy tank compartment area and naked compartment are interval every configuration or institute Buoyancy tank compartment is stated to configure with naked compartment area mixed interval with naked compartment and the buoyancy tank compartment area.
4th, successively after hinge connections as pontoon bridge between island and island or continent and island or floating ground, island and sea are made Island becomes duplex or multi-joint island, makes to become the peninsula with the island that continent is connected, such as connection Haikou city seashore and Guangdong thunder Pontoon bridge or floating ground between the continent and island of state peninsula seashore.
Or by anchoring on the solid sea in reef atoll of linkwork.
5th, the hinged anchoring of numerous platforms arranged side by side forms marine super land across the sea;The marine super land Ground is independently of sea or passes through the platform connection continent or island being hinged successively;
6th, it is multiple in a ring or S-shaped distribution the super pontoon bridge that is concatenated by multiple platforms of the marine super land Link together;
Or the super pontoon bridge that multiple marine super land are serially connected by multiple platforms is used as across wide Marine site connects the super land property tie in island and island, island and continent, continent and continent, the marine super land with it is described There is the bridge spanning the sea constructed on sea bed between super pontoon bridge.Such as couple China Taiwan with continent Fujian Province seashore across Taiwan The super land property tie over strait in straits, connection China's Shandong Peninsula the east crosses over the super land property over strait of the Huanghai Sea with South Korea West Coast Tie.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Multifunctional floating offshore platform, it is characterised in that multiple crossbeams arranged side by side and multiple longerons arranged side by side are crisscross Be fixed together, be separated out multiple rectangle compartments arranged side by side, each compartment be hinged a top surface for plane, front/rear end with it is described Crossbeam is hinged, both sides and undersea buoyancy tank, the buoyancy tank and the crossbeam are immersed in bottom when being lower convex wall, load-bearing below Between be fitted with rotation driving locking or the stabilising arrangement of buoyancy tank.
2. platform according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the rotation driving locking or stabilising arrangement are described floating Case top surface is locked or stable buoyancy tank when being located at horizontality, makes the stable floating load-bearing across the sea of buoyancy tank;In buoyancy tank rotation To it is some or all of expose sea when lock or stable buoyancy tank, it is daily to be carried out to the buoyancy tank or buoyancy tank part that expose sea Maintenance.
3. platform according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the crossbeam of the compartment passes through elevating mechanism and the buoyancy tank Front/rear end is hinged, and the floating of buoyancy tank locking or stabilizing mechanism and lifting force driving is fitted between the buoyancy tank and the crossbeam Case rotary drive mechanism.
4. platform according to claim 3, it is characterised in that top surface is fixedly mounted with respectively as the front/rear end of the buoyancy tank of flat surface The jointed shaft being hinged with the elevating mechanism lower end, and be fixed with to be hinged a pair of herringbones spacing cunning of the axle center as the center of circle Thick stick, the crossbeam, which is configured with, to be moved forward and backward, a pair of spacing travellers with the spacing sliding thick stick adapted of the splayed;This pair spacing Traveller downwardly against the spacing sliding thick stick of the splayed, prevents buoyancy tank from rocking, risen in buoyancy tank when the buoyancy tank is located at the next When, the spacing traveller in side is decorporated backward, departs from the spacing constraint to the sliding thick stick in lateral spacing position, and the spacing traveller of opposite side is then tight all the time Tight against the spacing sliding thick stick of firmly opposite side, force buoyancy tank rotation up to buoyancy tank rises to top dead centre, make buoyancy tank water line lower box portion Divide or all expose sea;After buoyancy tank declines, then after reverse operating rising, the previous buoyancy tank for rising and not exposing sea can be made Water line nowel body portion exposes sea;
Or elevating mechanism described in buoyancy tank front/rear end lower hinge of the top surface below flat surface, and make buoyancy tank center of gravity and floating The centre of buoyancy suffered by case is located above the hinge axes that buoyancy tank front/rear end is hinged with the elevating mechanism lower end, on the buoyancy tank When lifting away from out sea, buoyancy tank can automatic turning under gravity, make buoyancy tank bottom surface upward and stable by gravity, the buoyancy tank declines When, it can make buoyancy tank top surface upward under buoyancy and stable buoyancy tank.
5. platform according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the crossbeam is that panel is formed with downwards the Ji shapes of two risers and cut Face beam, the riser is formed with downwards the upper end of equipped elevating mechanism on the outside of V-arrangement or triangle support frame, the riser, lift The lower end of structure is hinged the jointed shaft that the buoyancy tank front and back end is fixedly mounted with, and V-arrangement or the triangle support frame lower end is fixed with buoyancy tank position When bottom, buoyancy tank jointed shaft is propped up upwards or the U-shaped bracket of axle sleeve is hinged;
As the actuation means of the spacing traveller of the buoyancy tank adapted of flat surface it is the configuration of spacing traveller in support frame as described above with top surface On horizontal sleeve pipe in, described spacing traveller the inner is hinged upper connecting rod and lower link, the crossbeam panel up and down respectively Montant is connected downwards by the groove cap of circumferential slide fit, montant connects through slide fit seat and is fitted on the inside of support frame as described above still further below Vertical reverse-flighted screw, vertical reverse-flighted screw hypomere set is with being hinged the inner lower nut of the lower link, on vertical reverse-flighted screw The section set upper cap nut inner with the upper connecting rod is hinged;
The buoyancy tank front/rear end is below its jointed shaft lower part or jointed shaft and two side portions are prow shape.
6. platform according to claim 5, it is characterised in that top surface is located above and below the buoyancy tank front/rear end below flat surface has Equipped with a pair with the two pair of a groove adapted up and down with the described spacing of the actuation means on two pair of a groove, support frame as described above Traveller:The buoyancy tank be located at lower dead center when, the spacing traveller prop up the buoyancy tank on to groove, the buoyancy tank be located at it is upper only During point, the spacing traveller props up the lower to groove of the buoyancy tank;
Be provided with the horizontal reverse-flighted screw of rotating driving device on the outside of the riser by slide fit seat, left section of horizontal reverse-flighted screw and Right section set is with the left-handed screw nut and right nut that are hinged left connecting rod and right connecting rod downwards respectively, and the left linkages lower end is hinged and buoyancy tank Jointed shaft slide fit is hinged axle sleeve;The nut is naked to match somebody with somebody or horizontal slide fit is in the horizontal slide rail that the riser is equipped with;
The top surface is concordant with above the crossbeam as the buoyancy tank top surface of flat surface, between top edge and the crossbeam and longeron Gap is configured.
7. according to any platforms of claim 1-6, it is characterised in that successively after hinge connections as island and island or Pontoon bridge or floating ground between continent and island, make island become duplex or multi-joint island with island, make to become with the island that continent is connected Into the peninsula;
Or by anchoring on the solid sea in reef atoll of linkwork.
8. according to any platforms of claim 1-6, it is characterised in that numerous platforms arranged side by side are hinged to be anchored at sea Marine super land is formed on face;The marine super land is independently of platform connection continent marine or by being hinged successively Or island;
The platform configuration has the marine compressed air energy storage station that compressed air reservoir built in its buoyancy tank or storage pipe are supported, institute The power supply for stating marine compressed air energy storage station is selected from submarine cable power supply, maritime wave energy power generating source, marine tide energy hair Power supply, offshore wind power generation power supply, marine photovoltaic generation power supply.
9. platform according to claim 8, it is characterised in that it is multiple in a ring or S-shaped distribution the marine super land The super pontoon bridge that ground is concatenated by multiple platforms links together;
Or the super pontoon bridge that multiple marine super land are serially connected by multiple platforms is used as across wide marine site Connect the super land property tie on island and island, island and continent, continent and continent;
There is the bridge spanning the sea constructed on sea bed between the marine super land and the super pontoon bridge;
The marine compressed air energy storage station is disconnected by continent peak of power consumption period, the mistake of continent low power consumption period connection Peak attachment means couple with the submarine cable;The compressed air reservoir or storage pipe are configured and existed side by side for one or more The compressed air reservoir with insulating or storage pipe in the buoyancy tank.
10. according to any platforms of claim 1-6, it is characterised in that the compartment and buoyancy tank are long, laterally short for longitudinal direction Rectangle compartment and rectangle buoyancy tank;The lower convex wall of the buoyancy tank is semicircular arc wall or is semiellipse arcwall;Institute Buoyancy tank compartment of the part for the numerous compartments of platform for configuration buoyancy tank is stated, another part is the naked compartment for not configuring buoyancy tank, described Buoyancy tank compartment and the configuration of naked compartment interval or the buoyancy tank compartment area and naked compartment are interval every configuration or the buoyancy tank compartment Configured with naked compartment and the buoyancy tank compartment area with naked compartment area mixed interval;
Lower channel-section steel and connecting cross beam side of the longeron below the upper plate and connected crossbeam above the connected crossbeam And the longeron sidepiece composition of the be connected upper plate and lower channel-section steel;One or two tracks arranged side by side are set above the longeron, The track configurations are located at building or structures chassis on the platform that the rail wheel above buoyancy tank is supported;The lower channel-section steel Groove face is down;
The front end face or rear end face of the buoyancy tank are towards ocean current.
CN201410414889.8A 2014-08-21 2014-08-21 Multifunctional floating offshore platform CN105644727B (en)

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CN107040195B (en) * 2017-05-12 2019-03-12 苏福来 A kind of sea photovoltaic platform and its power generation operation method and cleaning method
CN107245936B (en) * 2017-06-30 2019-02-19 中国船舶工业集团公司第七0八研究所 A kind of marine highway building system that can install lock automatically
CN108301312B (en) * 2018-01-08 2019-12-10 中国船舶工业集团公司第七0八研究所 Marine highway navigation system for cross-sea traffic
CN108867324B (en) * 2018-07-15 2020-08-04 王健 Compensation floating bridge device in bridge maintenance process
CN110466714B (en) * 2019-08-23 2021-03-02 浙江海洋大学 Overwater dock for maintaining fishing boat

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CN1337495A (en) * 2000-08-03 2002-02-27 徐际长 Vertically rotating bridge
CN200978380Y (en) * 2006-08-29 2007-11-21 刘洪辉 Stable type combined floating shipside
CN201258083Y (en) * 2008-07-15 2009-06-17 程学进 Above-water platform
CN102358401A (en) * 2011-08-29 2012-02-22 王洪明 Overwater multifunctional floating combined platform
CN202728538U (en) * 2012-05-31 2013-02-13 中交天航南方交通建设有限公司 Combined type floating platform used for over water work

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US6196151B1 (en) * 1997-02-24 2001-03-06 Bechtel Group, Inc. Device and method for an independent module offshore mobile base
CN1337495A (en) * 2000-08-03 2002-02-27 徐际长 Vertically rotating bridge
CN200978380Y (en) * 2006-08-29 2007-11-21 刘洪辉 Stable type combined floating shipside
CN201258083Y (en) * 2008-07-15 2009-06-17 程学进 Above-water platform
CN102358401A (en) * 2011-08-29 2012-02-22 王洪明 Overwater multifunctional floating combined platform
CN202728538U (en) * 2012-05-31 2013-02-13 中交天航南方交通建设有限公司 Combined type floating platform used for over water work

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