CN105638539A - Automatic feeding system and method for indoor industrial aquaculture - Google Patents

Automatic feeding system and method for indoor industrial aquaculture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105638539A
CN105638539A CN201610123189.2A CN201610123189A CN105638539A CN 105638539 A CN105638539 A CN 105638539A CN 201610123189 A CN201610123189 A CN 201610123189A CN 105638539 A CN105638539 A CN 105638539A
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China
Prior art keywords
feeding
feeder
track
aquaculture
feedstuff
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Granted
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CN201610123189.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105638539B (en
Inventor
史颖刚
景新
刘利
樊树凯
赵继政
郭阳
姜豪
李汝春
郭娇娇
付旺
魏旭东
张猛
赵娜
李世奇
李俊铭
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Northwest A&F University
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Northwest A&F University
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Priority to CN201610123189.2A priority Critical patent/CN105638539B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic feeding system and method for indoor industrial aquaculture. The system comprises a culture area (1) and is characterized by further comprising a feed supplementing system (4) and a control system, a feeder track (2) is arranged above the culture area (1), a feeder (3) is arranged on the feeder track (2) and can move along the feeder track (2) to provide feed for a culture pool (11) in the culture area (1), the feed supplementing system (4) is responsible for supplementing feed to the feeder (3), and the control system controls running of the feeder (3) and running and feed supplementing operation of the feed supplementing system (4). According to the automatic feeding system and method, feeding can be automatically and reasonably carried out according to the variety and growth period of the cultured fish, feeding rules, the total feeding amount and the feeding time interval, the problem that the labor intensity is large in the feeding process in the industrial aquaculture is solved, and adverse influences of the unscientific feeding amount and interval on growth of the cultured fish and quality of culture water are relieved.

Description

A kind of automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture and automatically throw feeding method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of fish culture, be specifically related to a kind of automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture and automatically throw feeding method.
Background technology
At present, China's culture fishery demand to man-made feeds, incrementally increase, but relatively lag behind in the research and development of aquaculture auxiliary facility, mechanization and automaticity are all relatively low, and throwing something and feeding of feedstuff is substantially also dependent on raiser according to personal experience, uses the hand tools such as spoon, spade to shed feedstuff, and it is with human eye, judges the forage volume that cultivation object needs by rule of thumb. Under high-density breeding state, it is necessary to man-made feeds amount huge, a dead lift is relatively difficult. So, artificial throwing is raised, have labor intensity greatly outside, the shortcomings such as spreading is uneven, it is inaccurate to measure and feeding is not punctual. Meanwhile, throw the quality raising technology and equipment, affect the condition of water quality of breeding water body, the water treatment efficiency of remote-effects cultivating system, directly determine the grazing rate of cultured fishes, health degree and the speed of growth.
Therefore, the throwing of large-scale farming field to be solved and raise labor intensity greatly, throw and raise low precision at regular time and quantity, the problems such as efficiency of feed utilization is low, improve the institution level of industrial circulating water cultivating system, reduce large-scale farming field labor intensity, it is accomplished by researching and developing automatic feeding system, fills up technological gap.
Summary of the invention
The present invention devises a kind of automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture and automatically throws feeding method, which solves plant's throwing in prior art and raises labor intensity greatly, throws and raise low precision at regular time and quantity, the problems such as efficiency of feed utilization is low.
In order to solve the technical problem of above-mentioned existence, present invention employs below scheme:
A kind of automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture, including culture zone (1), it is characterised in that: also include feeding-system (4) and control system;Culture zone (1) be provided above feeder track (2), it is upper and can be mobile to raise to culturing pool (11) throwing in culture zone (1) along feeder track (2) that feeder (3) is arranged on feeder track (2); Feeding-system (4) is responsible for feeder (3) feed supplement, controls system and controls the operation of feeder (3) and throwing is raised and the operation of feeding-system (4) and feed operation.
Further, feeder track (2) is arranged on roof (8).
Further, feeder track (2) is arranged on roof (8) by some support bars (5) and suspension rod (6), and support bar (5) one end and feeder track (2) connect, and support bar (5) other end is connected by suspension rod (6) and roof (8).
Further, it is provided with level-sensing device in the hopper of feeder (3).
Further, feeding-system (4) includes feeding tube (41), feeding blower fan (42), storage bin (43), storing car body (44) and feed supplement track (45); Feed supplement track (45) is fixed on the ground (9) of culture zone (1) side, feeding tube (41), feeding blower fan (42) and storage bin (43) are arranged on storing car body (44), and storing car body (44) is arranged on feed supplement track (45) and above and can move with to feeder (3) feed supplement along feed supplement track (45).
Further, feeding tube (41) is a tee T, and feeding tube (41) one end connects storage bin (43) bottom, and feeding tube (41) second end connects feeding blower fan (42), and feeding tube (41) the 3rd end stretches to the aerial hopper leading to feeder (3).
Further, in culture zone (1), distribution has multiple culturing pool (11).
Further, culture zone (1) has multiple.
A kind of indoor industrial type of aquaculture throws feeding method automatically, it is characterised in that: feeder (3) operates on feeder track (2), raises rule according to the Aquatic product kind of cultivation, growth cycle and throwing in culturing pool (11), is timed quantitative automatic throwing and raises;
When the feedstuff of feeder (3) is about to use up the warning value reaching minimum feedstuff, control system obtains this information and sends the supplementary requirement of feedstuff to feeding-system (4), control system to control this feeder (3) and move to feeding area (7) simultaneously, after feeding-system (4) receives the supplementary requirement of feedstuff that control system sends, control system control under drive storing car body (44) arrive send feedstuff supplement requirement feeder (3) near alignment feeding area (7), open the three-way valve of feeding tube (41) successively, the feeding valve of feeding blower fan (42) and storage bin (43), feedstuff is under the wind-force effect of feeding blower fan (41), drop in the hopper of feeder (3) through feeding tube (41), when feeder (3) detects that the feedstuff of feed bin arrives higher limit, or the timing of feeding arrives, control system closes the feeding valve of storage bin (43) successively, the three-way valve of feeding blower fan (42) and feeding tube (41), then feeder (3) starts, continue throwing to raise.
The automatic feeding system of this indoor industrial type of aquaculture and automatically throwing feeding method have the advantages that
(1) the automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture of the present invention and automatically throw feeding method, raiser can at cultivating workshop, one man operation's feeding system, reduce the amount of labour, reduce labor intensity, improve cultivation quality, it is follow-up breeding water body regulating and controlling water quality simultaneously, reduces workload. This system effectiveness is higher, and maintaining is simple, quick, also is adapted for being applied to existing aquaculture system.
(2) the automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture of the present invention and automatically throw feeding method, can according to the kind of cultured fishes, growth cycle, feedstuff is thrown and is raised rule, total amount is raised in throwing, interval is raised in throwing, automatically throws and raises, and rationally throws and raises, solve feedstuff throwing in industrialized aquiculture and raise link labor intensity greatly, alleviate the amount of raising of throwing, throw and raise the harmful effect that cultured fishes growth, breeding water body quality are caused by interval not science.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: the top view of the automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture of the present invention;
Fig. 2: the front view of the automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1 culture zone; 11 culturing pools; 2 feeder tracks; 3 feeders; 4 feeding-systems; 41 feeding tubes; 42 feeding blower fans; 43 storage bins; 44 storing car bodies; 45 feed supplement tracks; 5 support bars; 6 suspension rods; 7 feeding areas; 8 roofs; 9 ground.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described:
Fig. 1 to Fig. 2 illustrates a kind of automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture, and including multiple culture zones 1, feeding-system 4 and control system, in each culture zone 1, distribution has multiple culturing pool 11. Culture zone 1 be provided above feeder track 2, feeder track 2 is arranged on roof 8 by some support bars 5 and suspension rod 6, and support bar 5 one end and feeder track 2 connect, and support bar 5 other end is connected by suspension rod 6 and roof 8. Feeder 3 is arranged on feeder track 2 and can move to throw to multiple culturing pools 11 of distribution in culture zone 1 along feeder track 2 and raises. The wheel of feeder 3 is contained in the middle of feeder track 2. Control system is responsible for the operation of feeder 3 and throwing is raised and the operation of feeding-system 4 and feed operation.
Feeding-system 4 includes feeding tube 41, feeding blower fan 42, storage bin 43, storing car body 44 and feed supplement track 45. Feed supplement track 45 is laid between culture zone 1, and feeding tube 41, feeding blower fan 42 and storage bin 43 are arranged on storing car body 44, and storing car body 44 is arranged on feed supplement track 45 and can move with to feeder 3 feed supplement of each culture zone 1 along feed supplement track 45. Storing car body 44 is positioned on two feed supplement tracks 45, two pairs of wheels of storing car body 44, is placed in two feed supplement tracks 45, and feed supplement track 45 is fixed on ground 9. Storage bin 43 is fixed on storing car body 44, feeding tube 41 is a tee T, feeding tube 41 one end connects storage bin 43 bottom, second end connects feeding blower fan 42,3rd end stretches to the aerial hopper leading to feeder 3, when feeder 3 is positioned at the feeding area 7 of feeder track 2, the 3rd end port of feeding tube 41 is placed exactly in the surface of feeder 3 hopper. Feeding blower fan 42 lower end is fixed on the floor of storing car body 44.
During work, feeder 3 operates on feeder track 2, raises rule according to the fish species of cultivation, growth cycle and throwing in culturing pool 11, carries out automatically throwing raising, when the feedstuff of feeder 3 is about to use up the warning value reaching minimum feedstuff, low level level-sensing device in feeder 3 hopper is reported to the police, control system obtains this information and sends the supplementary requirement of feedstuff to feeding-system 4, control feeder 3 simultaneously and move to feeding area 7, after feeding-system 4 receives the supplementary requirement of feedstuff of feeder 3, drive storing car body 44 arrival to send feedstuff under control system controls and supplement near the feeder 3 of requirement, alignment feeding area 7, open the three-way valve of feeding tube 41 successively, the feeding valve of feeding blower fan 42 and storage bin 43, feedstuff is under the wind-force effect of feeding blower fan 41, drop in the hopper of feeder 3 through feeding tube 41, when feeder 3 detects that the feedstuff of feed bin arrives higher limit, high-order level-sensing device in feeder 3 hopper is reported to the police, or the timing of feeding arrives, control system closes the feeding valve of storage bin 43 successively, the three-way valve of feeding blower fan 42 and feeding tube 41, then feeder 3 starts, continue throwing to raise.
The automatic feeding system of the one indoor industrial type of aquaculture of the present invention, simple in construction, substantially apply the various instruments of existing aquatic farm, equipment is replenished seldom, and easy to use and flexible can be applicable to existing aquatic farm, with low cost, maintaining is simple, quick.
Above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is carried out exemplary description; the realization of the obvious present invention is not subject to the restrictions described above; as long as have employed the various improvement that the design of the method for the present invention carries out with technical scheme; or the not improved design by the present invention and technical scheme directly apply to other occasion, all in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture, including culture zone (1), it is characterised in that: also include feeding-system (4) and control system; Culture zone (1) be provided above feeder track (2), it is upper and can be mobile to raise to culturing pool (11) throwing in culture zone (1) along feeder track (2) that feeder (3) is arranged on feeder track (2); Feeding-system (4) is responsible for feeder (3) feed supplement, controls system and controls the operation of feeder (3) and throwing is raised and the operation of feeding-system (4) and feed operation.
2. the automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: feeder track (2) is arranged on roof (8).
3. the automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: feeder track (2) is arranged on roof (8) by some support bars (5) and suspension rod (6), support bar (5) one end and feeder track (2) connect, and support bar (5) other end is connected by suspension rod (6) and roof (8).
4. the automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture according to claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterised in that: it is provided with level-sensing device in the hopper of feeder (3).
5. according to the arbitrary described automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture of Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that: feeding-system (4) includes feeding tube (41), feeding blower fan (42), storage bin (43), storing car body (44) and feed supplement track (45); Feed supplement track (45) is fixed on the ground (9) of culture zone (1) side, feeding tube (41), feeding blower fan (42) and storage bin (43) are arranged on storing car body (44), and storing car body (44) is arranged on feed supplement track (45) and above and can move with to feeder (3) feed supplement along feed supplement track (45).
6. the automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: feeding tube (41) is a tee T, feeding tube (41) one end connects storage bin (43) bottom, feeding tube (41) second end connects feeding blower fan (42), and feeding tube (41) the 3rd end stretches to the aerial hopper leading to feeder (3).
7. according to the arbitrary described automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that: in culture zone (1), distribution has multiple culturing pool (11).
8. according to the arbitrary described automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture of claim 1 to 7, it is characterised in that: culture zone (1) has multiple.
9. an indoor industrial type of aquaculture throws feeding method automatically, it is characterised in that: feeder (3) operates on feeder track (2), raises rule according to the Aquatic product kind of cultivation, growth cycle and throwing in culturing pool (11), is timed quantitative automatic throwing and raises;
When the feedstuff of feeder (3) is about to use up the warning value reaching minimum feedstuff, control system obtains this information and sends the supplementary requirement of feedstuff to feeding-system (4), control system to control this feeder (3) and move to feeding area (7) simultaneously, after feeding-system (4) receives the supplementary requirement of feedstuff that control system sends, control system control under drive storing car body (44) arrive send feedstuff supplement requirement feeder (3) near alignment feeding area (7), open the three-way valve of feeding tube (41) successively, the feeding valve of feeding blower fan (42) and storage bin (43), feedstuff is under the wind-force effect of feeding blower fan (41), drop in the hopper of feeder (3) through feeding tube (41), when feeder (3) detects that the feedstuff of feed bin arrives higher limit, or the timing of feeding arrives, control system closes the feeding valve of storage bin (43) successively, the three-way valve of feeding blower fan (42) and feeding tube (41), then feeder (3) starts, continue throwing to raise.
CN201610123189.2A 2016-03-05 2016-03-05 A kind of automatic feeding system of the indoor industrial type of aquaculture Expired - Fee Related CN105638539B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106614209A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-05-10 山东省海洋生物研究院 Feeding system and method for apostichopus japonicas industrial aquaculture
CN107549074A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-01-09 魏发宝 A kind of flowing water culture system for improving batch charger service life
CN111149752A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-05-15 山东康科润海洋科技有限公司 Automatic feeding system for offshore marine cage culture of silver salmon
CN112616747A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-04-09 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Mobile automatic feeding system for industrial shrimp culture

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04304830A (en) * 1991-03-29 1992-10-28 Nisshin Flour Milling Co Ltd Automatic feeding apparatus
US6631695B2 (en) * 2000-01-14 2003-10-14 Il-Hyun Shin Fodder mixing and feeding the fodder, method and apparatus for supplying fodder using the same
CN202269278U (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-06-13 青岛海兴电子有限公司 Intelligent fodder throwing and feeding device
CN103704163A (en) * 2013-12-01 2014-04-09 宁波大学 Self-propelled automatic bait casting device
CN204599016U (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-09-02 西北农林科技大学 A kind of feeding device of automatic feeding system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04304830A (en) * 1991-03-29 1992-10-28 Nisshin Flour Milling Co Ltd Automatic feeding apparatus
US6631695B2 (en) * 2000-01-14 2003-10-14 Il-Hyun Shin Fodder mixing and feeding the fodder, method and apparatus for supplying fodder using the same
CN202269278U (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-06-13 青岛海兴电子有限公司 Intelligent fodder throwing and feeding device
CN103704163A (en) * 2013-12-01 2014-04-09 宁波大学 Self-propelled automatic bait casting device
CN204599016U (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-09-02 西北农林科技大学 A kind of feeding device of automatic feeding system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106614209A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-05-10 山东省海洋生物研究院 Feeding system and method for apostichopus japonicas industrial aquaculture
CN107549074A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-01-09 魏发宝 A kind of flowing water culture system for improving batch charger service life
CN107549074B (en) * 2017-10-23 2021-03-12 魏发宝 Running water aquaculture system capable of prolonging service life of batch feeder
CN111149752A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-05-15 山东康科润海洋科技有限公司 Automatic feeding system for offshore marine cage culture of silver salmon
CN112616747A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-04-09 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Mobile automatic feeding system for industrial shrimp culture

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