CN105629826A - Intelligent watering device - Google Patents

Intelligent watering device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105629826A
CN105629826A CN201510920115.7A CN201510920115A CN105629826A CN 105629826 A CN105629826 A CN 105629826A CN 201510920115 A CN201510920115 A CN 201510920115A CN 105629826 A CN105629826 A CN 105629826A
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China
Prior art keywords
module
detection sub
intelligent
control
watering device
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CN201510920115.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
嫣莉
李杰浩
李晓明
李梓立
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Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University
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Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University
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Priority claimed from CN201410758750 external-priority
Application filed by Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University filed Critical Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University
Priority to CN201510920115.7A priority Critical patent/CN105629826A/en
Publication of CN105629826A publication Critical patent/CN105629826A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/042Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers using digital processors
    • G05B19/0423Input/output
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/24Pc safety
    • G05B2219/24215Scada supervisory control and data acquisition
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P80/00Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications
    • Y02P80/40Minimising material used in manufacturing processes

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent watering device. The intelligent watering device includes a water spraying mechanism and an intelligent control module; the intelligent control module includes a soil temperature and humidity detection sub module, a distance detection sub module, a light intensity detection sub module, an air index data collection sub module and a control sub module, wherein the soil temperature and humidity detection sub module, the distance detection sub module, the light intensity detection sub module and the air index data collection sub module are connected with the control sub module, and the control sub module is connected with the water spraying mechanism. With the intelligent watering device adopted, the concept of agriculture is introduced, so that the intelligent watering device can be applied to the flower growing industry and agriculture, and therefore, intelligent application of the flower growing industry and agriculture can be realized, and high scientific and technological content can be realized; in a mass production process, crop growth environment can be optimal, the survival rate of crops can be improved, and a lot of manpower and material resources can be saved; and environmentally-friendly and durable materials are adopted, so that recycling can be benefitted; and automatic watering can be realized according to specific situations, environmental friendliness and economical performance can be realized.

Description

Intelligent watering device
Technical field
The present invention relates to flower cultivation and agricultural planting apparatus field, particularly a kind of Intelligent watering device based on double frequency.
Background technology
China is large agricultural country, but populous, and per capita area of cultivated farmland is little, and plantation automatization level is low. Along with improving constantly of social need, the work pattern of traditional means of production, the production technology fallen behind and poor efficiency has not reached people's requirement to modern production, thus causing that in rural area, a large amount of labour forces flow to city, occur in that the phenomenon that rural laborer's deficiency, farm output increases slowly. And a lot of local crops, in the seedling stage, temperature, humidity, illumination, irrigation etc. there is strict requirement especially, operated by the experience of peasant's long term accumulation at present, not only efficiency is low, and degree of accuracy is inadequate, causes the decline of agricultural product quality, soil erosion, the waste of resource, pesticide residual contamination and water pollution etc. Therefore, it is achieved intelligent and technicalization the production of crop seems particularly important, make to water intellectuality and automation research and enforcement is extremely urgent.
At present, the material such as the material earthen basin of flowerpot, pottery basin, plastic tub, glass basin, meanwhile, people improve outward appearance and the application scenarios of flowerpot by applicable industry design means, make normal flower pot bring many enjoyment to life staying idle at home. But flowerpot is only the container placing flowers, it is impossible to timely and appropriate discovery waters, it is impossible to obtain various environmental data data around, it is impossible to remotely monitoring flowerpot situation. Water resource is wasted while so there is the low problem of plant survival rate.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to the deficiency existed for above-mentioned prior art, it is provided that a kind of simple in construction, environmental and durable, can not only water and the Intelligent watering device of remotely monitoring can be carried out by timely and appropriate discovery.
In order to realize foregoing invention purpose, the technical solution used in the present invention is: Intelligent watering device, including water spraying mechanism and intelligent control module, described intelligent control module includes soil temperature and humidity detection sub-module, distance detection sub-module, intensity of illumination detection sub-module, air exponent data is collected submodule and controls submodule, described, described soil temperature and humidity detection sub-module, distance detection sub-module, intensity of illumination detection sub-module and air exponent data are collected submodule and are connected with controlling submodule, data input for gathering controls submodule and processes, described control submodule is connected with water spraying mechanism, for controlling water spraying mechanism, thus controlling the injection flow rate of water spraying mechanism, water spray intensity etc., realize automatic watering function.
Described intelligent control module arranges wireless communication module, and signal and reception for each detection sub-module collection of real-time Transmission control the control instruction that terminal issues.
Described control terminal can be smart mobile phone or customization handheld terminal.
Described control submodule can be mounted on water spraying mechanism, is connected with the electromagnetic valve of water spraying mechanism, is used for controlling water spraying mechanism work.
Described water spraying mechanism includes sleeve pipe and setting of casing, and described upper sleeve pipe docks with setting of casing, arranges armature, arrange conjugate layers at upper sleeve pipe with setting of casing junction outer wall and be connected inside upper sleeve pipe with setting of casing junction; Arranging spring holder in sleeve pipe on described, install spring between described spring holder and described armature, sleeve pipe installs electromagnetic valve with setting of casing on described, is used for realizing Electromagnetic Control; Mounting ball valve in described setting of casing, installs valve seat in described cased exit, and described ball valve is arranged on valve seat, installs mist hole spout at described cased water outlet, installs spray nozzle sheet in the spout of described mist hole.
Described upper sleeve pipe and setting of casing constitute housing after connecting, and the outer wall at described housing has three to be evenly distributed to be provided with installing hole, insert a FC-28 soil humidity sensor in described installing hole respectively from top to bottom.
The method have the advantages that and 1. introduce agricultural conception, it is possible to be applied in flower cultivation industry and agricultural aspect, it is achieved the intelligent Application of flower cultivation industry and agricultural, high in technological content, good in economic efficiency; 2. in high volume production process, the environment of plant growth reaches the best, improves survival rate, saves a large amount of manpower and material resources; 3. adopt environmental and durable material, favourable recycling, automatic watering function, environmental protection and saving can be realized as the case may be.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the circuit theory diagrams of 1 wireless communication module;
Fig. 2 is structural representation Fig. 1 of Intelligent watering device of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is structural representation Fig. 2 of Intelligent watering device of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is structural representation Fig. 3 of Intelligent watering device of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the basic structure of fuzzy control;
Fig. 6 is circuit theory diagrams;
Fig. 7 is system framework figure.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention will be described in detail.
Intelligent watering device, as shown in Figure 7, including water spraying mechanism and intelligent control module, described intelligent control module includes soil temperature and humidity detection sub-module, distance detection sub-module, intensity of illumination detection sub-module, air exponent data is collected submodule and controls submodule, described soil temperature and humidity detection sub-module, distance detection sub-module, intensity of illumination detection sub-module and air exponent data are collected submodule and are connected with controlling submodule, the data input gathered is controlled submodule and processes by each submodule above-mentioned, described control submodule is connected with water spraying mechanism, for controlling water spraying mechanism, thus controlling the injection flow rate of water spraying mechanism, water spray intensity etc., realize automatic watering function. above-mentioned control submodule can be mounted on water spraying mechanism, and is connected with the electromagnetic valve of water spraying mechanism, is used for controlling water spraying mechanism work. wherein, described intelligent control module arranges wireless communication module, for being sent to control terminal or receive the control instruction that control terminal issues by the signal that gathers of each detection sub-module of real-time reception, and controls water spraying mechanism work. described wireless telecommunications submodule adopts ZigBeeCC2530 chip. described control terminal can be smart mobile phone or customization handheld terminal, for showing the detection data controlling submodule transmission and sending control instruction. wherein, described system module can adopt Freescale MC9S12XS128 chip, by the I/O port of chip, output level and corresponding ready-made control circuit, it is achieved node control function, thus controlling water spraying mechanism work, it is achieved automatic watering function remotely monitored by flowerpot. described system module is easy to operate, it is possible to achieve airborne microprocessor is monitored by mobile phone, the duty of display Intelligent watering device suitable environment value, the currency of each ambient parameter, corresponding control instruction and hardware facility in real time, and have photographic head real time imaging to monitor.
As in figure 2 it is shown, described water spraying mechanism includes sleeve pipe 8, setting of casing 2, described upper sleeve pipe 8 docks with setting of casing 2, arranges armature 10, arrange conjugate layers 10 at upper sleeve pipe 8 with setting of casing 2 junction outer wall and be connected inside upper sleeve pipe 8 with setting of casing 2 junction; Arranging spring holder 6 in sleeve pipe on described, install spring 5 between described spring holder and described armature, sleeve pipe 8 installs electromagnetic valve 4 with setting of casing 2 on described, is used for realizing Electromagnetic Control. Mounting ball valve 3 in described setting of casing 2, installs valve seat 11 in the exit of described setting of casing 2, and described ball valve 3 is arranged on valve seat 11, and the water outlet at described setting of casing 2 installs mist hole spout 12, installs spray nozzle sheet 1 in described mist hole spout 12. The fogging degree that described water spraying mechanism can control injection flow rate and water spray flexibly by controlling electromagnetic valve 4 to open. Action principle is quickly to set up magnetic field by the pulse electrical signal accepted from Freescale MC9S12XS128 chip, and magnetic field produces electromagnetic force absorption armature, and drives ball valve to overcome pressure and the spring force of injection oil, and motion is thus driving ball valve to open upward. Thus reaching to automatically control Intelligent watering device automatic watering function. Wherein going up after sleeve pipe 8 and setting of casing 2 connect and constitute housing, the outer wall at described housing has three to be evenly distributed to be provided with installing hole, insert a FC-28 soil humidity sensor in described installing hole respectively from top to bottom. Described FC-28 soil humidity sensor is connected with ZigBeeCC2530 chip, it is attached by Du Pont's line between described ZigBeeCC2530 chip and Freescale MC9812XS128 chip, wherein 0.0,0.1, the 0.2 of the digital I/O port of the pin of FC-28 soil humidity sensor and CC2530 chip is connected, the data reduction recorded becomes the form of magnitude of voltage to export, then magnitude of voltage is changed into volumetric soil water content. The experimental result collected is exported by described FC-28 soil humidity sensor in the form of a voltage, not directly gives the numerical value of volumetric soil water content, therefore also the data of output to be further processed. Corresponding relation between voltage output value and volumetric soil water content is as shown in the table:
Model Range of variables Reduction formula
Voltage output 0-2V Corresponding volume moisture content 0-50% Volumetric water content=0.25 �� voltage
Electric current output 4-20mA Corresponding volume moisture content 0-50% Volumetric water content=0.03125 �� (electric current-4)
Measured experimental data represents the conductivity being meant that sampling soil, represents different volumetric soil water contents. The data that three soil humidity sensors are collected are averaged, and more specifically embody the internal soil moisture of sprinkler with the concept of area, and gathering data will be very accurate. The humidity data collected can be stored in inside an intrasystem array by described CC2530 chip, and to its parameter setting one fixing humidity range, multiple information datas that node is collected by the method for fuzzy logic inference simulating human thinking logic are adopted to carry out comprehensive process by fuzzy theory, thus obtaining relatively accurate result.
Wherein, the Fuzzy control system related to is as it is shown in figure 5, it is mainly made up of obfuscation, data base, rule base, fuzzy reasoning and five parts of sharpening. Fuzzy control system is the further process to humidity collection data of the present invention, and it is not one of steps necessary of the present invention.
Wherein,
Described obfuscation: the function of obfuscation link is the precise information obfuscation inputted in the external world, precise information is become fuzzy data, and the data of input are processed accordingly according to the requirement of fuzzy controller, it is carried out change of scale so that it is transform in corresponding fuzzy set.
Described knowledge base: knowledge base is made up of with rule base two parts data base. Wherein, data base is responsible for concept and related definition, the correlation function of desired data such as including linguistic variable, change of scale factor of offer process data. Rule base is represented by a series of Linguistic control law, contains the control engineering knowledge in field, place and the actual control experience of expert, is the important component part of Fuzzy control system.
Described fuzzy reasoning: it is the core component of fuzzy controller system, it is possible to misty idea is had certain inferential capability by the thinking logic of simulation people, and the logic of its reasoning is to obtain according to the fuzzy control rule in rule base.
Described sharpening: the fuzzy data after reasoning is mainly converted to by the process of sharpening can clear data in actual applications, it is possible to be the control signal in system with accurate numerical value according to certain de-fuzzy method migration.
When the data collected are lower than range lower limit threshold values, automatically into the irrigation modular program of moist chamber TT&C system, will can be automatically stopped irrigation function when higher than range limit, return to mastery routine properly functioning in, it is achieved automatic watering function.
Described distance detection sub-module is mainly made up of linear CCD and ultrasonic wave module, and described linear CCD primary responsibility vertical direction distance is also fed back with wave form, and described ultrasonic wave module is responsible for horizontal direction distance and with numeric feedback. Furthermore it is also possible to add traffic monitoring submodule, described traffic monitoring submodule is connected with Freescale MC9S12XS128 chip.
Greenhouse observing and controlling requires the light conditions of plant is accomplished effective measurement, intensity of illumination detection sub-module in the application adopts optical sensor TSL2550, luminance signal can be converted into the signal of telecommunication by sensor photosensitive module by it, is then transferred to the node connected. Described optical sensor TSL2550 has four pins, and pin 1 meets power vd D, pin 2 ground connection, and pin 4 is that the outfan of signal is connected with the I/O mouth of ZigBeeCC2530 chip.
Described air exponent data collects submodule for the CO content in Real-time Collection room air, CO2Content, air quality degree parameter value. The radio network gateway building network of ZigBeeCC2530 chip, form the network ID at this networking, ZigBee wireless router and detection terminal search for network automatically, add network after finding the network ID mated with self, and detection terminal detects the CO content of sprinkler surrounding environment, CO in real time2Content, air quality, and the result detected wirelessly is transmitted directly to gateway, or it is transmitted to radio network gateway by wireless router. Packet is uploaded to PC by USB port after receiving the packet that each detection terminal is sent by radio network gateway successively. The data that physically connected receives are for further processing, and show the Air Quality at each scene in real time. Visual result, after the parameter receiving on-the-spot air quality, is passed through to be shown to user by PC by the mode of figure and word.
Described wireless telecommunications submodule major function has been transmission and reception, execution wireless communication protocol and the network management etc. of the radio communication between each node, data. The major part of described wireless telecommunications submodule is processor chips, RF circuit and antenna. Processor chips select CC2530 chip, and the inverse-F antenna of PCB type selected by antenna.
Shown in Fig. 6, described CC2530 chip is real SOC(system on a chip) (SoC) solution for 2.4-GHzIEEE802.15.4, ZigBee and RF4CE application. It can set up powerful network node with low-down total material cost. CC2530 combines the premium properties of leading RF transceiver, the enhancement mode 8051CPU of industrywide standard, In-System Programmable flash memory, 8-KBRAM and other powerful functions many. CC2530 has flash version four kinds different: CC2530F32/64/128/256, is respectively provided with the flash memory of 32/64/128/256KB. CC2530 has different operational modes so that it especially adapts to the system of super low-power consumption requirement.
Wherein, the circuit of wireless communication module is as shown in Figure 1. ZigBee wireless sensor network realizes data communication, it usually needs through three steps. First, coordinator node building network, the networking function in invocation protocol stack, and initialize. Realize the addition of the establishment of wireless network, maintenance and other child node and exit. Secondly, data transmitting node carries out collection and the transmission of data, and the wireless data in invocation protocol stack sends function, and initializes. Realize collection and the wireless transmission of data. Finally, data reception node carries out data receiver, the wireless data receiver function in invocation protocol stack, and initializes. Realize the wireless receiving of data. At data receiver, after receiving data, the data received are packaged, are packaged into message, it is simple to data are processed.
Soil humidity information acquisition module requires over numeric type high-accuracy temperature-humidity sensor SHT10 and gathers the humidity of soil, the high speed high sensitivity photodiode BPW34S adopting microencapsulated gathers the intensity of temperature indoor illumination, realize the irrigation to greenhouse implants by the CC2530 chip of terminal node, and the humidity collected and photometric data are sent to central coordinator processor by ZigBee communication data are processed.
The CLK port of illumination control module connects chip P14 interface, DATA port connects chip P15 interface, the intensity level of high speed high sensitivity photodiode BPW34S temperature indoor illumination carries out real-time information gathering, data are sent to ZigBeeCC2530 chip and process, being then passed through ZigBee wireless communication technology and be sent to coordinator node, coordinator node can be passed through to control the illumination numerical value in terminal remote display collection terminal greenhouse.
Humidity control module is connected with ZigBeeCC2530 chip, SCK port is connected on chip P11 interface, DATA port is connected on P12 interface, numeric type high-accuracy temperature-humidity sensor SHT10 by real-time collecting to humiture data by being stored in the humiture bin of sensor internal after internal A/D conversion, CC2530 chip processor is to after data mart modeling, by ZigBee communication technical transmission to control centre, the scope of the humiture numerical value received Yu setting can be compared by coordinator node, if the scope beyond original start, dependent instruction can be sent to acquisition node, the CC2530 chip of acquisition node can pass through serial ports to relay output low level, then start irrigation system the plant in greenhouse is irrigated.
Described ultrasonic wave module transtation mission circuit includes the generation of ultrasonic frequency signal, amplification and energy conversion. Ultrasound frequency signal produces to adopt software genetic method and hardware genetic method, the former utilizes software to produce the ultrasound frequency signal more than 20kHz, by controller output pin output to amplifying circuit, ultrasound wave is produced through the dynamic transducer of power amplification pusher, the feature of this method is to make full use of software programming, motility is good, but needs design one to drive electric current to be the drive circuit of more than 100mA; The latter generally utilizes 555 circuit such as grade to produce ultrasonic frequency signal, and directly drives transducer to produce ultrasound wave, and the feature of this method is without drive circuit, but lacks motility. Transducer be divided into electrically with mechanical system two kinds, electrically have piezo-electric type, power type, magnetostriction type etc.; Mechanical system has the liquid whistle and air-flow siren etc. The present invention adopts the TIMER0 intervalometer programming of DG128 to produce 40kHz square-wave signal, to Q601, signal is amplified through the output of X port, then send transformator to realize impedance matching and boosting, and drives transducer UCM40T to send 40kHZ pulse ultrasonic wave. The generation of ultrasonic frequency, stopping have programmed each through to TIMER0 intervalometer, it is achieved that the detection to horizontal range.
The linear CCD of the present invention is used for finding range, and what it adopted is that TSL1401R-LF module uses linear CCD chip, and its core is a piece of linear CCD with 128 pixels, it is possible to direct arbitrarily Series MCU is connected and carries out data acquisition process. Achieved vertical dimension monitoring the linear imaging of Intelligent watering device by CCD camera, solve the monitoring of vertical dimension, with ultrasound horizontal range parallel running, it is achieved omnibearing distance is monitored.
By the soil moisture data collected compared with the humidity range of setting, Freescale MC9S12XS128 chip controls Intelligent watering device electromagnetic valve 8 conduction time, conduction time is long, and it is big that amplitude opened by electromagnetic valve, and injection flow rate is many. The mist hole spout 12 of sprinkler can realize 360 degree of rotations, more omnibearing water.
Plant is also carrying out Repiration carrying out photosynthetic while, and illumination is indispensable for carrying out photosynthesis, and the saccharide that photosynthesis produces provides energy for Repiration, adds intense light irradiation, contributes to plant and better grow. The top of water spraying mechanism is equipped with LED, and LED is directly driven by DC driven module, by external pwm control signal, it is possible to achieve the adjustment to LED brightness.
Mobile phone receives the data that ZigBee wireless sensor network sends, to judge according to the data in agricultural experts data base, cellphone subscriber can send corresponding order to controlling to perform module, indirectly control the light compensating lamp of Intelligent watering device, sprinkling irrigation and etc. hardware facility. Instruction can be done corresponding judgement after receiving the instruction that computer or mobile phone send by Freescale MC9S12XS128 chip, then passes through the low and high level controlling pin to control corresponding hardware facility.
Technology of Internet of things by Zigbee+WIFI gateway, Real-time Collection is any needs monitoring, connection, interactive object or process, gather the information of the various needs such as its sound, light, heat, electricity, the huge network formed is combined with the Internet, realize thing and thing, thing and people, all of article and the connection of network, conveniently identify, manage and control.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, shell total length is 78mm, and water seal external diameter is 14mm, and the size of mist hole spout structure design not only decides injection flow rate, and decides the atomizing effect of water, and it is 5mm that the present invention designs the diameter of mist hole spout. The coil voltage of water jet ball valve is 12V, coil turn 400 circle, coil resistance 18 Europe, armature external diameter 6.2mm, armature internal diameter 3.6mm, armature length 6mm, ball valve weight 6g, sliding air gap 0.1mm, hydraulic coupling 10.5N.
In the irrigation control system of above-mentioned Intelligent watering device, all using water jet as the performer of automatically controlled water injection, its water spray sequential and injection flow rate are passed through water jet drive control circuit by central controller. Water jet is the complication system that four subsystem that moved by magnetic circuit, circuit, mechanical movement and fluid is constituted.
The selection of relay
Relay is a kind of electric control device. It has control system (also known as input circuit) and the interactive relationship controlled between system (also known as output loop). Being commonly used in the control circuit of automatization, it is actually the one " automatically switch " going to control the running of big electric current with small area analysis. Therefore play in circuit be automatically adjusted, safeguard protection, the effect such as change-over circuit. Process of the present invention need a relay to control the work of electromagnetic valve. Owing to needs running voltage is at about 5V. So have selected the relay that model is JZC-36F, its running voltage is between 4V��45V.
The selection of electromagnetic valve 4
Valve is in fluid system, is used for controlling the device of the direction of fluid, pressure, flow. Owing to the present invention adopts Freescale MC9S12XS128 chip 5 to control, and electromagnetic valve is controlled by switching signal, is connected convenience very with Freescale MC9S12XS128 chip 5 control circuit, so determining to adopt electromagnetic valve as valve.
Electromagnetic valve circuit designs:
When relay electric-loss, moving together contact disconnect, break contact close, when relay obtain electric after, moving together contact close, break contact disconnect, utilize the electric shock on-off action of relay can control equipment or transmit logic level signal.
Moving together contact refers to Guan Bi when having predetermined excitation in relay (or functional circuit), the contact disconnected during without excitation, disconnect when break contact is then the excitation having regulation in relay (or functional circuit), the contact of Guan Bi during the excitation of no standard. This invention selects dynamic circuit connector to get an electric shock switch, made the state that relay remains open under power failure state, but be kept closed when obtaining electric.
When the switch of relay closes, under the state that electromagnetic valve is then in a path, and then electromagnetic valve is started working, and system equipment starts to water. On the contrary, when when switching off of relay, under the state that electromagnetic valve is in an open circuit, then electromagnetic valve does not work, thus system equipment does not also work.
Operation principle is as shown in Figure 4, water jet is by accepting from Freescale MC9S12XS128 chip controls relay on-off, electromagnetic valve is made quickly to set up magnetic field, magnetic field produces electromagnetic force absorption armature, and driving ball valve to overcome pressure and the spring force of injection water, motion is thus driving ball valve to open upward. Thus reaching to automatically control Intelligent watering device automatic watering function.
Above-described embodiment is not limitation of the present invention; those of ordinary skill about technical field; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; various change and modification can also be made; therefore all equivalent technical schemes also should belong to scope of the invention, and the scope of patent protection of the present invention should be limited by each claim.

Claims (6)

1. Intelligent watering device, including water spraying mechanism and intelligent control module, it is characterized in that: described intelligent control module includes soil temperature and humidity detection sub-module, distance detection sub-module, intensity of illumination detection sub-module, air exponent data collection submodule and controls submodule, described, described soil temperature and humidity detection sub-module, distance detection sub-module, intensity of illumination detection sub-module and air exponent data are collected submodule and are connected with controlling submodule, and described control submodule is connected with water spraying mechanism.
2. Intelligent watering device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described intelligent control module arranges wireless communication module, and signal and reception for each detection sub-module collection of real-time Transmission control the control instruction that terminal issues.
3. Intelligent watering device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described control terminal is smart mobile phone or customization handheld terminal.
4. Intelligent watering device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described control submodule is mounted on water spraying mechanism, is connected with the electromagnetic valve of water spraying mechanism, is used for controlling water spraying mechanism work.
5. Intelligent watering device according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described water spraying mechanism includes sleeve pipe and setting of casing, described upper sleeve pipe docks with setting of casing, arranges armature, arrange conjugate layers at upper sleeve pipe with setting of casing junction outer wall and be connected inside upper sleeve pipe with setting of casing junction; Arranging spring holder in sleeve pipe on described, install spring between described spring holder and described armature, sleeve pipe installs electromagnetic valve with setting of casing on described, is used for realizing Electromagnetic Control; Mounting ball valve in described setting of casing, installs valve seat in described cased exit, and described ball valve is arranged on valve seat, installs mist hole spout at described cased water outlet, installs spray nozzle sheet in the spout of described mist hole.
6. according to claim 5, Intelligent watering device, it is characterized in that: described upper sleeve pipe and setting of casing constitute housing after connecting, the outer wall at described housing has three to be evenly distributed to be provided with installing hole, insert a FC-28 soil humidity sensor in described installing hole respectively from top to bottom.
CN201510920115.7A 2014-12-10 2015-12-10 Intelligent watering device Pending CN105629826A (en)

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CN106416955A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-22 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Internet of things spray irrigation intelligent emergency device
CN107278838A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-10-24 太仓苏易信息科技有限公司 A kind of Intelligent watering system in office building

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CN105409732A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-23 深圳大学 Wireless solar irrigation system
CN106416955A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-22 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Internet of things spray irrigation intelligent emergency device
CN107278838A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-10-24 太仓苏易信息科技有限公司 A kind of Intelligent watering system in office building

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