CN105628440B - Compartment multiple spot water sampling system - Google Patents

Compartment multiple spot water sampling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105628440B
CN105628440B CN201610016116.3A CN201610016116A CN105628440B CN 105628440 B CN105628440 B CN 105628440B CN 201610016116 A CN201610016116 A CN 201610016116A CN 105628440 B CN105628440 B CN 105628440B
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China
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vertical
water
cylinder
baffle
water inlet
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CN201610016116.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105628440A (en
Inventor
孙永剑
喻立军
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浙江理工大学
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Publication of CN105628440A publication Critical patent/CN105628440A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/10Devices for withdrawing samples in the liquid or fluent state

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of compartment multiple spot water sampling system, it is desirable to provide low, the efficient height of one kind power consumption, different waters can be carried out with the compartment multiple spot water sampling system of repeatedly fixed point water sampling.It includes the automatic water sampling device being arranged on unmanned plane, is used for the range unit for detecting the spacing between unmanned plane and the water surface on unmanned plane for lifting the lowering or hoisting gear of automatic water sampling device and being arranged on;Lowering or hoisting gear includes support, the reel being rotatably provided in by axostylus axostyle on support, the pull rope on reel and the motor for rotating reel;It is connected between the output shaft of motor and axostylus axostyle by clutch;Automatic water sampling device includes frame, is arranged on the buoyant device of upper rack, and by the mining water drum being distributed in from left to right in frame and the filtering cylinder mould being arranged in frame, the buoyant device is positioned at the top of filtering cylinder mould, and the water acquisition cylinder is in filtering cylinder mould.

Description

Compartment multiple spot water sampling system

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of water sampling equipment, and in particular to a kind of based on the compartment multiple spot water applied on unmanned plane Sample acquisition system.

Background technology

At present, China's monitoring water environment is mainly included in line monitoring and artificial sample monitoring.On-line monitoring is by foundation Fixed on-line monitoring station, real-time water quality data monitoring is carried out, cost is higher, and can not be in a wide range of extensive use;Thus Artificial sample monitoring is monitoring mode main at present.Artificial sample monitoring mainly passes through spot sampling, then testing crew Water quality detection is carried out by the water sample of collection, artificial sample monitoring flexibility is high, operable scope is wide.

Traditional artificial water sample sampling method is mainly driven into sampling waters by investigating ship etc., passes through existing water acquisition Device carries out artificial sample;But the efficiency of traditional artificial water sample sampling method is low, and because sampling environment is various, often give Artificial sample brings great inconvenience;Especially under some special environment, or even artificial sample can not be carried out.

At present, arisen at the historic moment to solve deficiency, unmanned sample devices existing for Traditional Man water sample sampling method.Unmanned plane Sampling is one kind of unmanned sampling, and current unmanned plane water sampling is by setting jacking system on unmanned plane, and is passed through Jacking system realizes water sampling to lift hydrophore.Although current unmanned plane water sampling water sampling is convenient, nobody The hydrophore of machine water sampling is often merely able to carry out a water sampling, and this causes the efficiency of unmanned plane water sampling to be difficult to carry It is high.

For example, China Patent Publication No. CN104458329A, publication date on March 25th, 2015, innovation and creation it is entitled The unmanned plane water surface pinpoints automatic sampling system, including hydrophore, elevating mechanism and control circuit part.The unmanned plane of this application case The hydrophore of water surface fixed point automatic sampling system is equally merely able to carry out a water sampling.

The content of the invention

The invention aims to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided the low, efficiency high of one kind power consumption, can Different waters are carried out with the compartment multiple spot water sampling system of repeatedly fixed point water sampling.

The technical scheme is that:

A kind of compartment multiple spot water sampling system, including the automatic water sampling device being arranged on unmanned plane, for lifting The lowering or hoisting gear of automatic water sampling device and the ranging being arranged on unmanned plane for detecting the spacing between unmanned plane and the water surface fill Put;The lowering or hoisting gear includes support, the reel being rotatably provided in by axostylus axostyle on support, leading on reel Messenger and the motor for rotating reel;It is connected between the output shaft of the motor and axostylus axostyle by clutch Connect;The automatic water sampling device includes frame, is arranged on the buoyant device of upper rack, by be distributed in from left to right in frame one Mining water drum and the filtering cylinder mould being arranged in frame, the buoyant device is positioned at the top of filtering cylinder mould, the water acquisition cylinder position In in filtering cylinder mould.The compartment multiple spot water sampling system of this programme can carry out repeatedly fixed point water sample to different waters and adopt Collection, so as to effectively improve sampling efficiency.On the other hand, filtering cylinder mould can filter the floating object swum on the water surface, avoid floating Thing blocks the water acquisition mouth of water acquisition cylinder.

Preferably, water acquisition cylinder is provided with water inlet structure and fuze mechanism, the fuze mechanism includes being arranged on water acquisition cylinder It is interior to be provided with buoyancy tube, it is arranged on the first vertical guide pin bushing of water acquisition cylinder upper end, the fuse being slidably arranged in the first vertical guide pin bushing Guide rod, and the lower end of fuse guide rod is connected with the upper end of buoyancy tube;The water inlet structure includes water acquisition cylinder upper end and and water acquisition The vertical water inlet pipe of tube inner chamber connection, the second vertical guide pin bushing being co-axially located in vertical water inlet pipe, it is perpendicular to be arranged on second The second guide rod in straight guide pin bushing and the cylindrical spool for being used to block vertical water inlet pipe for being co-axially located at the second lower end of the guide rod, institute State on the second guide rod lateral surface and be provided with positive stop above the second vertical guide pin bushing;The water inlet structure is located at fuse guide rod Left side;Each water acquisition cylinder upper surface is provided with vertical baffle, and vertical baffle is located at the right side of fuse guide rod, adjacent two vertical baffle it Between be equipped with trigger device;For the trigger device in filtering cylinder mould, trigger device includes the horizontal cylinder body of left and right extension, if Put the water inlet interface on horizontal cylinder outside, set the piston body that is used for controlling water inlet interface to open/close in horizontal cylinder body and The piston rod of piston body left end is arranged on, the horizontal cylinder body is fixed in frame or water acquisition cylinder by connector, positioned at adjacent It is connected between water inlet interface and vertical water inlet pipe between two vertical baffles by connecting tube;The right-hand member of the horizontal cylinder body Opening, left end closing, and the right-hand member of horizontal cylinder body is provided with bar through hole, the piston rod passes through bar through hole, positioned at horizontal cylinder The piston rod of external side is provided with ring baffle, provided with compressing on piston rod and positioned at ring baffle and horizontal cylinder body right-hand member between Spring, the upper end of the vertical baffle is provided with bar breach, and bar breach is oppositely arranged with piston rod, the end of the piston rod Portion is hinged with frizzen, and the end of frizzen is turned left through the bar breach of adjacent upright baffle plate upper end, on the frizzen Provided with shake-up fixture block.

Preferably, frame is provided with vertical guide rod and float plate, the float plate is provided with floating guide pin bushing, and floats and lead It is set on vertical guide rod, the vertical guide rod is provided with upper locating piece and lower locating piece, and floating guide pin bushing is located at upper positioning Between block and lower locating piece;The float plate, upper locating piece and lower locating piece are in filtering cylinder mould, the end of the pull rope It is connected with the middle part of float plate;The trigger device also includes vertical gag lever post, and vertical gag lever post is being located at piston rod just Top, the upper end of the vertical gag lever post are connected with float plate;When floating guide pin bushing is resisted against upper locating piece, the vertical limit Position bar is located above ring baffle, when floating guide pin bushing is resisted against lower locating piece, the vertical gag lever post lower end and piston rod The external diameter for being smaller than ring baffle between line;When the shake-up fixture block on frizzen is located at the right side of corresponding vertical baffle, and When shake-up fixture block is resisted against the bar gap edge of corresponding vertical baffle, the vertical gag lever post is located at a left side for ring baffle Side, and vertical gag lever post is close to ring baffle.This programme structure can ensure the job stability of automatic water sampling device.

Preferably, the lateral surface lower edge of cylindrical spool is provided with the lower magnetic force block of annular, the top surface of the water acquisition tube inner chamber Magnetic force block in the annular corresponding with magnetic force block under annular is provided with, and the lower port of the vertical water inlet pipe is in annular In magnetic force block.

Preferably, the upper end of fuse guide rod is provided with triggering flat board.

Preferably, water acquisition cylinder is cylindrical, and water acquisition cylinder is vertically arranged.

Preferably, also include the cabin being arranged on unmanned plane, the lower ending opening of the cabin;The lowering or hoisting gear is set In cabin.

Preferably, filtering cylinder mould includes upper end closed, the vertical net cylinder of lower ending opening and hidden for sealing under vertical net cylinder The lower end square of port, the self-cleaning device include being set in the floating ring in vertical net cylinder and the buoyancy on setting floating ring Block, the floating ring rinse hair provided with some, and the buoyancy of the buoyant mass is more than the gravity of self-cleaning device;The vertical net cylinder Lateral surface top edge be provided with upper limit lever, the lateral surface bottom of vertical net cylinder is provided with lower limit lever, the floating ring position Between upper limit lever and lower limit lever.The self-cleaning device of this programme can be automatically miscellaneous on filtering cylinder mould to being adhered to Thing is cleared up, and this can not only be avoided debris from blocking filtering cylinder mould, and can avoid causing water sampling next time Interference.

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:With the low, efficiency high that consumes energy, different waters can be carried out repeatedly with fixed point water sample and adopted The characteristics of collection.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the compartment multiple spot water sampling system of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of the automatic water sampling device of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing at B in Fig. 2.

In figure:Cabin 1a, motor 2a, clutch 3a, reel 4a, range unit 5a, pull rope 6a;Automatic water acquisition Device 1b:Frame 1, vertical guide rod 11, float plate 12, lower locating piece 13, floating guide pin bushing 14, upper locating piece 15, buoyant device 16, Vertical connecting rod 17;Water acquisition cylinder 2;Fuze mechanism 3, buoyancy tube 31, fuse guide rod 32, the first vertical guide pin bushing 33, triggering flat board 34; Water inlet structure 4, vertical water inlet pipe 41, positive stop 42, the second vertical guide pin bushing 43, magnetic force block 44 in annular, the second guide rod 45, The lower magnetic force block 47 of cylindrical spool 46, annular;Connecting tube 5;Vertical baffle 6, bar breach 61;Trigger device 7, preceding sealing ring 71, It is water inlet interface 72, piston body 73, rear sealing ring 74, horizontal cylinder body 75, piston rod 76, compression spring 77, ring baffle 78, vertical Gag lever post 79, jointed shaft 710, frizzen 711, shake-up fixture block 712, filtering cylinder mould 8, upper limit lever 81, lower limit lever 82, Self-cleaning device 9, floating ring 91, buoyant mass 92.

Embodiment

The present invention is described in further detail with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:

As shown in figure 1, a kind of compartment multiple spot water sampling system includes the cabin 1a being arranged on unmanned plane, it is arranged on Automatic water sampling device 1b in cabin, it is arranged in cabin and is used to lift the lowering or hoisting gear of automatic water sampling device and is arranged on nobody It is used for the range unit 5a for detecting the spacing between unmanned plane and the water surface on machine.The range unit of the present embodiment is in the prior art Distance measuring sensor, for example, ultrasonic rangefinder, laser range sensor, infrared distance measuring sensor etc..Open the lower end of cabin Mouthful.Lowering or hoisting gear includes support, the reel 4a being rotatably provided in by axostylus axostyle on support, the traction on reel Restrict the 6a and motor 2a for rotating reel.It is connected between the output shaft of motor and axostylus axostyle by clutch 3a Connect.The clutch of the present embodiment is electromagnetic clutch.

As shown in Fig. 2 automatic water sampling device 1b includes frame 1, the buoyant device 16 of upper rack is arranged on, by from left to right The mining water drum 2 in frame is sequentially distributed, the filtering cylinder mould 8 and self-cleaning device 9 being arranged in frame.Buoyant device position In the top of filtering cylinder mould.Water acquisition cylinder is in filtering cylinder mould.The lower end of water acquisition cylinder is provided with discharge outlet, and discharge outlet is provided with and opened Closing valve.Filtering cylinder mould includes upper end closed, the vertical net cylinder of lower ending opening and the lower end that vertical net cylinder lower port is hidden for sealing Square.Vertical net cylinder is fixed in frame.Lower end square is connected by bandage with vertical net cylinder.On the lateral surface of vertical net cylinder Edge is provided with upper limit lever 81, and the lateral surface bottom of vertical net cylinder is provided with lower limit lever 82.

Self-cleaning device 9 includes being set in the floating ring 91 in vertical net cylinder and some buoyant mass set on floating ring 92.Floating ring is between upper limit lever and lower limit lever.Buoyant mass is circumferentially uniform around floating ring.Buoyant mass is positioned at floating On the outside of ring, and buoyant mass is connected by connector with floating ring.Floating ring be provided with it is some rinse hair, rinse hair end it is close or It is resisted against on the lateral surface of vertical net cylinder.The buoyancy of buoyant mass is more than the gravity of self-cleaning device, specifically, each buoyant mass Buoyancy sum is more than the gravity of self-cleaning device.

Frame is provided with vertical guide rod 11 and float plate 12.Float plate is provided with floating guide pin bushing 14, and floating guide pin bushing is arranged On vertical guide rod.Float plate and vertical guide rod are perpendicular.Float plate upper surface middle part is provided with vertical connecting rod 17.Vertical guide rod Upper locating piece 15 and lower locating piece 13 are provided with, and floating guide pin bushing is between upper locating piece and lower locating piece.It is float plate, upper fixed Position block and lower locating piece are in filtering cylinder mould.The upper end for filtering cylinder mould is provided with avoidance mouth.Up wear the upper end of vertical connecting rod Cross avoidance mouth.The end of pull rope is through filtering cylinder mould with being connected in the middle part of float plate;The end of pull rope in the present embodiment It is connected with the upper end of vertical connecting rod.The buoyancy of buoyant device is more than the gravity of automatic water sampling device.Buoyant device, which is located at, to be adopted The top of water drum.Water acquisition cylinder is located at below float plate.Water acquisition cylinder is fixed on vertical guide rod by connector.

As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, the quantity of the mining water drum in the present embodiment is three.Water acquisition cylinder 2 is provided with water inlet and tied Structure 4 and fuze mechanism 3.Water inlet structure and fuze mechanism are in filtering cylinder mould.Water acquisition cylinder is cylindrical, and the axis of water acquisition cylinder It is vertically arranged.Fuze mechanism, which includes being arranged in water acquisition cylinder, is provided with buoyancy tube 31, and be arranged on water acquisition cylinder upper end first is led vertically Set 33, the fuse guide rod 32 being slidably arranged in the first vertical guide pin bushing, and the lower end of fuse guide rod and the upper end phase of buoyancy tube Connection.It is hard sealing fit structure between first vertical guide pin bushing and fuse guide rod.Buoyancy tube is cylindrical.Buoyancy tube upper and lower ends Face is horizontally disposed with.The upper end of fuse guide rod is provided with triggering flat board 34.

Water inlet structure 4 is located at the left side of fuse guide rod 32.Water inlet structure includes water acquisition cylinder upper end and connected with water acquisition tube inner chamber Logical vertical water inlet pipe 41, the second vertical guide pin bushing 43 being co-axially located in vertical water inlet pipe, is arranged on second and leads vertically The second guide rod 45 in set and the cylindrical spool 46 for being used to block vertical water inlet pipe for being co-axially located at the second lower end of the guide rod.The It is connected between two vertical guide pin bushings and vertical water inlet round tube inner wall by connector.Cylindrical spool is located at the upper surface of buoyancy tube Surface.The lateral surface lower edge of cylindrical spool is provided with the lower magnetic force block 47 of annular.The top surface of water acquisition tube inner chamber is provided with and annular Magnetic force block 44 in the corresponding annular of lower magnetic force block, and the lower port of vertical water inlet pipe is in the upper magnetic force block of annular.Annular Attracted each other between upper magnetic force and the lower magnetic force of annular.It is provided with second guide rod lateral surface and above the second vertical guide pin bushing spacing Block 42.The upper surface edge of cylindrical spool is provided with chamfering.When positive stop is resisted against on the second vertical guide pin bushing, cylindrical spool Positioned at the lower section of vertical water inlet pipe.2 millis are smaller than when the upper end of cylindrical spool and vertically between water inlet pipe lower port Meter Shi, under the suction in annular under magnetic force and annular between magnetic force, the lower magnetic force of annular will drive cylindrical spool toward moving up It is dynamic, until the lower magnetic force of annular fits into only with the upper magnetic force of annular;Now vertical water inlet pipe is stretched into the upper end of cylindrical spool.Work as post When vertical water inlet pipe is stretched into the upper end of shape valve element, the vertical water inlet pipe of cylindrical spool closure, cylindrical spool is justified with vertical water inlet It is hard sealing fit structure between pipe.

As shown in Figure 2, Figure 4 shows, each water acquisition cylinder upper surface is provided with vertical baffle 6, and vertical baffle is located at the right side of fuse guide rod Side.Trigger device 7 is equipped between adjacent two vertical baffle.Trigger device is in filtering cylinder mould.Float plate is positioned at vertical gear The top of plate and trigger device.Trigger device includes the horizontal cylinder body 75 of left and right extension, is arranged on horizontal cylinder outside Water inlet interface 72, set and be used to control the piston body 73 that water inlet interface is opened/closed in horizontal cylinder body, be arranged on the work of piston body left end Stopper rod 76 and vertical gag lever post 79.Horizontal cylinder body is fixed in frame or water acquisition cylinder by connector.The axis of horizontal cylinder body with Vertical baffle is perpendicular.Fuse guide rod is generally aligned in the same plane interior with piston rod axis.Vertical gag lever post be located at piston rod just on Side.Vertical gag lever post is located at below float plate.The upper end of vertical gag lever post is connected with float plate 12.Piston body be provided with before, Two seals circle 71,74 afterwards.Pass through connection between water inlet interface and vertical water inlet pipe between adjacent two vertical baffle Pipe 5 is connected, and the water inlet interface between adjacent two vertical baffle is set with vertical water inlet pipe face, and connecting tube is vertical Set.

The right-end openings of horizontal cylinder body, left end closing, and the right-hand member of horizontal cylinder body is provided with bar through hole.Piston rod is worn Rod through-hole.Piston rod positioned at the external side of horizontal cylinder is provided with ring baffle 78.On piston rod and positioned at ring baffle and level Compression spring 77 is provided between cylinder body right-hand member.The end of piston rod is hinged with frizzen 711, the hinge between piston rod and frizzen Spindle 710 is horizontally disposed, and the jointed shaft between piston rod and frizzen and piston rod axis perpendicular.The upper end of vertical baffle Provided with bar breach 61, and bar breach is oppositely arranged with piston rod.Turn left through on adjacent upright baffle plate the end of frizzen The bar breach at end.Frizzen, which is provided with, touches fixture block 712.

As shown in Fig. 2 when buoyancy tube lower end is resisted against water acquisition cylinder inner bottom surface, buoyancy tube upper surface to vertical water inlet pipe The spacing of lower port and the difference of the axial length of cylindrical spool are more than the spacing between fuse guide rod upper end and piston rod axis.

As shown in figure 4, when the shake-up fixture block 712 on frizzen is located at the right side of corresponding vertical baffle, and touch fixture block and support When leaning against the bar gap edge of corresponding vertical baffle, water inlet interface is between forward and backward two seals circle;When piston body supports When leaning against horizontal cylinder body left end, water inlet interface is located at the same side of forward and backward two seals circle.

As shown in Figure 2, Figure 4 shows, when floating guide pin bushing is resisted against upper locating piece, vertical gag lever post is located above ring baffle. When floating guide pin bushing is resisted against lower locating piece, ring baffle is smaller than between vertical gag lever post lower end and piston rod axis External diameter.When the shake-up fixture block on frizzen is located at the right side of corresponding vertical baffle, and touches fixture block and be resisted against corresponding vertical gear During the bar gap edge of plate, vertical gag lever post is located at the left side of ring baffle, and vertical gag lever post is close to ring baffle.

The specific work process of the compartment multiple spot water sampling system of the present embodiment is as follows:

First, as shown in Fig. 2 shake-up fixture block to be resisted against to the bar breach of corresponding vertical baffle before unmanned plane takes off Edge, and touch the right side that fixture block is located at corresponding vertical baffle;Now, at the vertical water inlet pipe of the water acquisition cylinder of the leftmost side In opening, and the vertical water inlet pipe of remaining water acquisition cylinder is closed.

Then, automatic water sampling device is taken in cabin by the lower port of cabin by lowering or hoisting gear.

Second, drive compartment multiple spot water sampling system to fly to specified sampling marine site by unmanned plane;Then root The height of unmanned plane, i.e. spacing between unmanned plane and the water surface are positioned according to range unit.

3rd, clutch disconnects, and now, automatic water sampling device will be transferred on specified sea under Gravitative Loads, simultaneously Pull rope discharges automatically.

It will be floated across the sea by buoyant device after automatic water sampling device is located at sea, and be sunk in filtering cylinder mould During this in seawater, floating ring floats across the sea under the buoyancy of buoyant mass, so as to by floating ring Hair is rinsed to clear up the lateral surface for filtering cylinder mould.

On the other hand, float plate moves down until floating guide pin bushing is resisted against on lower locating piece under gravity(Such as Fig. 2 It is shown).Meanwhile as shown in Fig. 2 seawater will pass through " water acquisition cylinder corresponding to the vertical water inlet pipe entrance in opening It is interior ", as seawater constantly enters water acquisition cylinder, buoyancy tube will drive fuse guide rod to float under the buoyancy of buoyancy tube.

After buoyancy tube drives fuse guide rod one segment distance of floating cylindrical spool will be driven together to move up.Then, buoyancy tube Drive fuse guide rod and cylindrical spool to continue to move up, and up jacked up the frizzen above it by fuse guide rod, so that Fixture block is touched to break off relations;As shown in Figure 2, Figure 4 shows, when touch fixture block break off relations after, in the presence of compression spring will drive piston rod and Piston body is together toward moving left, untill ring baffle is resisted against on vertical gag lever post, so as to avoid piston body from opening water inlet Interface.

Followed by buoyancy tube drives fuse guide rod and cylindrical spool to continue to move up, and makes cylindrical spool close to vertical water inlet Pipe lower port, when between the upper end of cylindrical spool and vertical water inlet pipe lower port when being smaller than 2 millimeters, in annular Under suction between magnetic force and the lower magnetic force of annular, the lower magnetic force of annular will drive cylindrical spool up to move, and make cylindrical spool Upper end stretch into vertical water inlet pipe;So as to the pipe closing that will intake vertically, the water sampling of the water acquisition cylinder is completed, that is, completes one Secondary water sampling.

4th, clutch closure, automatic water sampling device is up then lifted by reset by the pull rope of lowering or hoisting gear, During this, pull rope first lifts float plate, untill floating guide pin bushing is resisted against upper locating piece;Then pull rope will Whole automatic water sampling device up lifts reset.

When floating guide pin bushing is resisted against upper locating piece, vertical gag lever post will be located above ring baffle;Now, fixture block is touched Piston rod and piston body on the trigger device of unhook will continue toward moving left, until piston body in the presence of compression spring It is resisted against horizontal cylinder body left end;Now water inlet interface is opened, so that the adjacent right side positioned at the water acquisition cylinder for completing water sampling The vertical water inlet pipe of water acquisition cylinder be in opening, and the vertical water inlet pipe of remaining water acquisition cylinder is closed(I.e. After a water acquisition cylinder completes water sampling, the trigger device of the water acquisition cylinder of adjacent right side will be triggered, makes touching for the trigger device Dynamic fixture block breaks off relations;Thus after pull rope up lifts automatic water sampling device, positioned at the phase for the water acquisition cylinder for completing water sampling The vertical water inlet pipe of the water acquisition cylinder on adjacent right side will be in opening).

On the other hand, together rise in the filtering random frame of cylinder mould, during gradually moving to above sea, floating ring is in weight Hair will be rinsed under power effect to clear up the lateral surface for filtering cylinder mould, avoids filtering the attachment on cylinder mould to water sample next time Collection interferes.

5th, return to second step and continue to operate, until after all water acquisition cylinders all complete water sampling;Unmanned plane drives certainly Dynamic water sampling device makes a return voyage.Thus the power consumption of the compartment multiple spot water sampling system of the present embodiment is low, and can be to different waters Repeatedly fixed point water sampling is carried out, so as to effectively improve sampling efficiency.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of compartment multiple spot water sampling system, it is characterized in that, including the automatic water sampling device being arranged on unmanned plane, use In the lowering or hoisting gear for lifting automatic water sampling device and it is arranged on unmanned plane for detecting the spacing between unmanned plane and the water surface Range unit;The lowering or hoisting gear includes support, the reel being rotatably provided in by axostylus axostyle on support, wound on reel On pull rope and motor for rotating reel;Pass through clutch between the output shaft and axostylus axostyle of the motor It is connected;
The automatic water sampling device includes frame, the buoyant device of upper rack is arranged on, by being distributed in from left to right in frame One mining water drum and the filtering cylinder mould being arranged in frame, the buoyant device is positioned at the top of filtering cylinder mould, the water acquisition cylinder In filtering cylinder mould;
The water acquisition cylinder is provided with water inlet structure and fuze mechanism, and the fuze mechanism includes the buoyancy being arranged in water acquisition cylinder Cylinder, it is arranged on the first vertical guide pin bushing of water acquisition cylinder upper end, the fuse guide rod being slidably arranged in the first vertical guide pin bushing, and fuse The lower end of guide rod is connected with the upper end of buoyancy tube;
The water inlet structure includes water acquisition cylinder upper end and the vertical water inlet pipe connected with water acquisition tube inner chamber, and it is vertical to be co-axially located at The the second vertical guide pin bushing intake in pipe, the second guide rod being arranged in the second vertical guide pin bushing and is co-axially located under the second guide rod The cylindrical spool for being used to block vertical water inlet pipe at end, on the second guide rod lateral surface and above the second vertical guide pin bushing Provided with positive stop;The water inlet structure is located on the left of fuse guide rod;
Each water acquisition cylinder upper surface is provided with vertical baffle, and vertical baffle is located at the right side of fuse guide rod, adjacent two vertical baffle it Between be equipped with trigger device;For the trigger device in filtering cylinder mould, trigger device includes the horizontal cylinder body of left and right extension, if Put the water inlet interface on horizontal cylinder outside, set the piston body that is used for controlling water inlet interface to open/close in horizontal cylinder body and The piston rod of piston body left end is arranged on, the horizontal cylinder body is fixed in frame or water acquisition cylinder by connector, positioned at adjacent It is connected between water inlet interface and vertical water inlet pipe between two vertical baffles by connecting tube;The right-hand member of the horizontal cylinder body Opening, left end closing, and the right-hand member of horizontal cylinder body is provided with bar through hole, the piston rod passes through bar through hole, positioned at horizontal cylinder The piston rod of external side is provided with ring baffle, provided with compressing on piston rod and positioned at ring baffle and horizontal cylinder body right-hand member between Spring, the upper end of the vertical baffle is provided with bar breach, and bar breach is oppositely arranged with piston rod, the end of the piston rod Portion is hinged with frizzen, and the end of frizzen is turned left through the bar breach of adjacent upright baffle plate upper end, on the frizzen Provided with shake-up fixture block.
2. compartment multiple spot water sampling system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the frame is provided with and led vertically Bar and float plate, the float plate is provided with floating guide pin bushing, and floating guide pin bushing is set on vertical guide rod, on the vertical guide rod Provided with upper locating piece and lower locating piece, and floating guide pin bushing is between upper locating piece and lower locating piece;The float plate, upper positioning Block and lower locating piece are in filtering cylinder mould, and the end of the pull rope in the middle part of float plate with being connected;
The trigger device also includes vertical gag lever post, and vertical gag lever post is located at the surface of piston rod, described vertical spacing The upper end of bar is connected with float plate;When floating guide pin bushing is resisted against upper locating piece, the vertical gag lever post is located at ring baffle Top, it is described to be smaller than vertically between gag lever post lower end and piston rod axis when floating guide pin bushing is resisted against lower locating piece The external diameter of ring baffle;When the shake-up fixture block on frizzen is located at the right side of corresponding vertical baffle, and touches fixture block and be resisted against phase During the bar gap edge for the vertical baffle answered, the vertical gag lever post is located at the left side of ring baffle, and vertical gag lever post leans on Nearly ring baffle.
3. compartment multiple spot water sampling system according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, outside the cylindrical spool Side lower edge is provided with the lower magnetic force block of annular, and the top surface of the water acquisition tube inner chamber is provided with the ring corresponding with magnetic force block under annular Magnetic force block in shape, and the lower port of the vertical water inlet pipe is in the upper magnetic force block of annular.
4. compartment multiple spot water sampling system according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, the fuse guide rod it is upper End is provided with triggering flat board.
5. compartment multiple spot water sampling system according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, the water acquisition cylinder is in cylinder Shape, and water acquisition cylinder is vertically arranged.
6. compartment multiple spot water sampling system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in addition to be arranged on unmanned plane Cabin, the lower ending opening of the cabin;The lowering or hoisting gear is arranged in cabin.
7. compartment multiple spot water sampling system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in addition to self-cleaning device, institute Stating filtering cylinder mould includes upper end closed, the vertical net cylinder of lower ending opening and the lower end square that vertical net cylinder lower port is hidden for sealing, The self-cleaning device includes being set in the floating ring in vertical net cylinder and sets buoyant mass on floating ring, on the floating ring Hair is rinsed provided with some, the buoyancy of the buoyant mass is more than the gravity of self-cleaning device;The lateral surface top edge of the vertical net cylinder Provided with upper limit lever, the lateral surface bottom of vertical net cylinder is provided with lower limit lever, the floating ring be located at upper limit lever with Between lower limit lever.
CN201610016116.3A 2016-01-11 2016-01-11 Compartment multiple spot water sampling system CN105628440B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610016116.3A CN105628440B (en) 2016-01-11 2016-01-11 Compartment multiple spot water sampling system

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CN105628440A CN105628440A (en) 2016-06-01
CN105628440B true CN105628440B (en) 2018-03-20

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