CN105627801A - Constant temperature heat storage and multi-temperature heat supply industrial-civil dual-purpose heat storage device and implementation method thereof - Google Patents

Constant temperature heat storage and multi-temperature heat supply industrial-civil dual-purpose heat storage device and implementation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105627801A
CN105627801A CN201610050975.4A CN201610050975A CN105627801A CN 105627801 A CN105627801 A CN 105627801A CN 201610050975 A CN201610050975 A CN 201610050975A CN 105627801 A CN105627801 A CN 105627801A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
temperature
heat
water tank
annular
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610050975.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105627801B (en
Inventor
杨善让
赵晓彤
刘志超
朱玉章
曹生现
吕世昌
赵波
王恭
赵贺
张海林
齐冰
姚卓宏
刘豫峰
付玉民
庞俊华
王升龙
彭伟麒
李俊鹏
索英杰
Original Assignee
杨善让
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 杨善让 filed Critical 杨善让
Priority to CN201610050975.4A priority Critical patent/CN105627801B/en
Publication of CN105627801A publication Critical patent/CN105627801A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105627801B publication Critical patent/CN105627801B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D20/00Heat storage plants or apparatus in general; Regenerative heat-exchange apparatus not covered by groups F28D17/00 or F28D19/00
    • F28D20/0034Heat storage plants or apparatus in general; Regenerative heat-exchange apparatus not covered by groups F28D17/00 or F28D19/00 using liquid heat storage material
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F27/00Control arrangements or safety devices specially adapted for heat-exchange or heat-transfer apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D20/00Heat storage plants or apparatus in general; Regenerative heat-exchange apparatus not covered by groups F28D17/00 or F28D19/00
    • F28D2020/0065Details, e.g. particular heat storage tanks, auxiliary members within tanks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/14Thermal energy storage

Abstract

Disclosed is a constant temperature heat storage and multi-temperature heat supply industrial-civil dual-purpose heat storage device. The constant temperature heat storage and multi-temperature heat supply industrial-civil dual-purpose heat storage device is characterized in that the device comprises a heat storage room; a box body is arranged inside the heat storage room and fixedly connected with the heat storage room; a hot air channel is formed between the box body and the heat storage room; a heater is disposed at the bottom of the hot air channel and fixedly connected with the bottom of the hot air channel; N annular spaced walls are connected in a sleeved mode from inside to outside and fixedly connected with the box body; a central water tank and N-1 annular water tanks are formed among the annular spaced walls, and therefore a multi-temperature water tank is formed; the temperature of hot water in the multi-temperature water tank is decreased in sequence from inside to outside; outlets and inlets of the annular water tanks are in sealed connection with a heat load and a multi-temperature heat source correspondingly; and a temperature stabilizing water tank is formed between the annular spaced wall on the outermost side and the box body. An implementation method includes design calculation and operation adjustment, wherein the design calculation includes the steps of setting the number of layers of the annular spaced walls, optimizing the size of a design structure, calculating the thickness of the annular spaced walls, determining heat dissipating capacity and checking a set value, and the operation adjustment includes the steps of on-line determining of a heat exchange process that hot air flows through the hot air channel and the outer wall of the multi-temperature water tank and on-line determining of a heat dissipating process from the multi-temperature water tank to the environment.

Description

A kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of many temperature heat supply and its implementation
Technical field
The present invention relates to heat energy utilization field, be a kind of zero thermal pollution, constant temperature accumulation of heat, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of many temperature heat supply and its implementation.
Background technology
According to statistics, more than the 58% of whole energy of human consumption is all consume with the form of heat energy, and the heat consumption less than 100 DEG C then accounts for more than the 35% of thermal energy consumption. Up to now, energy-consuming still lays particular emphasis on Fossil fuel, only 2014, in the primary energy consumption of the whole world, oil accounting 32.6%, natural gas accounting 23.7%, coal accounting 30%, for tackling the needs of global warming, improve regenerative resource share in primary energy structure, it has also become the common recognition of countries in the world.
Solar energy is most important basic power source in regenerative resource, its " inexhaustible, nexhaustible " and widely distributed, pollution-free, is Eco-power clean energy resource. The area of China more than 2/3, solar energy year, amount of radiation was more than 6GJ/m2, year more than sunshine time 2200h. The solar radiant energy that the annual earth surface of China receives is about 50 �� 1019KJ, is equivalent to 170,000,000,000 tons of standard coals. So abundant solar energy resources also develops solar electrical energy generation for China and provides good condition.
Wind-powered electricity generation is that current technology is the most ripe, substantially realizes commercialization and the most potential emerging renewable energy technologies. By the end of the year 2014, China's grid connected wind power installed capacity is 95,810,000 kilowatts, accounts for the 1/4 of whole world wind-powered electricity generation installation. 2014, China's wind-electricity integration installed capacity 95,810,000 kilowatts, increase by 25.6% on a year-on-year basis, wind power generation capacity reaches 153,300,000,000 kilowatt hours. China's grid connected wind power equipment in 2014 on average utilizes hours 1905 hours, reduces 120 hours on year-on-year basis, and the Cortex schizophragmatis integrifolii radicis level such as Heilungkiang, Jilin, Liaoning and Gansu all utilizes and hour is below 1900 hours breakeven points, and wherein Jilin is only 1501 hours. There is research institution it is expected that China in 2014 abandons wind rate and still will be up to 12%, exceed well over the reasonable interval of 5%.
In recent years, the popularization paces speed-raising of China's biogas engineering. To the end of the year 2010, according to incompletely statistics, existing large, medium and small biogas engineering 70,000 many places, there are nearly 40,000,000 family 1.5 hundred million people to be benefited. At present, biogas total amount 142.6 hundred million m is produced per year3, amount to standard coal 25,000,000 tons, can reducing emission of carbon dioxide more than 5,000 ten thousand tons. Currently, oneself defines the situation that household biogas, small-sized joint household biogas, small-sized methane engineering, medium-sized biogas engineering, large-sized biogas engineering and super-huge biogas engineering are all-round developing.
At present, solar low-temperature heat collection technology, biomass anaerobic digestion techniques, middle-size and small-size wind generating technology are three ripe renewable energy technologies, can meet people's demand to domestic hot-water, life combustion gas and electric energy respectively. But, due to be subject to energy density low, round the clock, season, weather, the unfavorable factor such as landform, arrive the solar radiation of earth surface, wind energy and have that significant energy density is low, discontinuity and undulatory property, make them cannot independently meet the demand of continuous-stable energy supply, thus result in electric power storage, the big class energy storage device of heat accumulation two becomes the technical bottleneck of wind, luminous energy application and development.
Another aspect, the industry such as the metallurgy of China, building materials, chemical industry has substantial amounts of industrial exhaust heat. The statistical data of 2010 shows, industrial waste heat resource is the highest accounts for the 67% of its fuel total amount of heat, and wherein recovery rate reaches 60%, and the overall utilization rate of China's residual heat resources is relatively low, and large iron and steel enterprise utilization rate of waste heat only has about 30%��50%. Visible, the room for promotion of China's industrial waste heat resource utilization rate is very big. But industrial waste heat resource, there is also intermittent and instable problem, seriously hinders the promotion and application about technology.
In sum, randomness, undulatory property, intermittence are the features of regenerative resource, thus cause also existing in renewable energy utilization system the contradiction that energy supply and demand does not match that. For this, improve energy conversion and utilization rate just becomes various countries' necessary top-priority key subjects of the Implement of sustainable development strategy, and heat-storage technology exactly can utilize the feature of various regenerative resource very well, the supply realizing regenerative resource is complementary, the contradiction that the energy supply and demand solving exist in renewable energy utilization system does not match that. Along with the development of regenerative resource, the application of non-grid-connected utilization and heat-storage technology seems more and more important.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to, there is provided a kind of long-acting, low damage, how warm, flexibly, economic constant temperature accumulation of heat, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of many temperature heat supply and its implementation, can prevent wind energy, the randomness of the regenerative resources such as luminous energy, undulatory property, intermittent feature and the homeostasis with energy, stability, contradiction between seriality requirement, combination utilizes multiple renewable energy sources, the supply realizing regenerative resource is complementary, meet continuously, stable provides constant thermal source for the various temperature required for debirs thermophilic digestion system, co-producing bio natural gas and fertilizer, dispersion heating (cold), even the demand of the Integrated Energy system of the zero negative carbon row of carbon row driven, more economical, effectively make full use of the energy, improve energy conversion and utilization rate.
It is an object of the invention to be realized by techniques below scheme:
A kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat, the heat supply of many temperature the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people, it is characterized in that: it includes heat accumulation room, casing, hot heating installation, annular space wall, described heat accumulation room includes insulated building body and insulated roof, the insulated building body in described heat accumulation room is respectively provided with opposed air inlet and air outlet, and the insulated roof in heat accumulation room seals with insulated building body and is connected, described casing is placed in heat accumulation room and is connected, casing is along forming annular lacuna between week and heat accumulation room as hot-air channel, described hot heating installation is placed in as bottom the annular lacuna of hot-air channel and be connected, the thermal water source of the hot water inlet of hot heating installation and many temperature-heat-sources is tightly connected, several current-sharing fins be placed in respectively as in the annular lacuna of hot-air channel, be socketed on casing and be connected, air velocity transducer and temperature sensor are placed in as in the annular lacuna of hot-air channel and be connected respectively, described N number of annular space wall is placed in casing respectively, and be socketed successively from inside to outside and be connected with casing respectively, center water tank and N-1 annular water tank is formed between N number of annular space wall, thus constitute many reservoirs, the hot water temperature stored in the center water tank of many reservoirs and N-1 annular water tank reduces from inside to outside successively, top and the bottom of center water tank and each annular water tank arrange heat-insulation layer respectively, inside arranges temperature sensor, the thickness of each heat-insulation layer is identical or different, the outlet on center water tank and each annular water tank top is tightly connected with thermic load respectively, the import of bottom is tightly connected with many temperature-heat-sources respectively, the steady reservoir of annular is constituted between outermost annular space wall and casing, the top of steady reservoir and bottom arrange heat-insulation layer respectively, first entrance on steady reservoir top is tightly connected with vacuum pump, the second entrance of bottom is connected with the exit seal at the saturated water source of many temperature-heat-sources, steady reservoir built in pressure sensor and temperature sensor, pressure transducer and temperature sensor, vacuum pump that the built-in temperature sensor of air velocity transducer that hot-air channel is built-in and temperature sensor, many reservoirs, steady reservoir are built-in are connected with controlling system signal with information gathering respectively.
The structure of described steady reservoir is: steady reservoir built-in annular semipermeable membrane, it is connected with casing bottom annular semipermeable membrane, gap is left between top and casing, steady reservoir is divided into two annular spaces by annular semipermeable membrane, exterior annular space is saturation water water containing space, interior annular space is that saturated vapor holds between vapour, the water guide fin of several annulars is placed in saturated vapor and holds between vapour, outside is connected with annular semipermeable membrane, pressure transducer and temperature sensor are placed in the saturated vapor of steady reservoir respectively and hold between vapour and be connected, first entrance on steady reservoir top is corresponding with the saturation water water containing space of steady reservoir, it is tightly connected with vacuum pump, second entrance one end of steady reservoir bottom connects with annular semipermeable membrane, the other end is connected with the exit seal at the saturated water source of many temperature-heat-sources.
At least one samming device is set in each annular water tank of described many reservoirs respectively and is connected, described samming device arranges several flowing holes, samming device is placed in 1/4��1/2 place of many reservoirs height, to eliminate the thermal stratification of heat storage water tank, improves heat storage water tank capacity utilization.
The structure of each annular space wall described is identical, its material and thickness are identical or different, and concrete structure is: it includes outer wall, inwall and heat insulation layer, and described outer wall and inwall are annular, described outer wall is socketed on inwall, and insulation is placed between outer wall and inwall and is connected.
A kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat, the heat supply of many temperature the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people realize method, it includes design and calculation method and combustion adjustment method, it is characterised in that: its design and calculation method step is as follows:
1) according to user's demand to each Water in Water Tank gentleness water yield, the physical dimension of the exterior annular water tank of the physical dimension of hot-air channel, the number of plies of annular space wall and many reservoirs is set;
2) physical dimension in center water tank and each annular water tank and the heat accumulation room designing many reservoirs is optimized;
3) thickness of each annular space wall determining many reservoirs is calculated:
4) heat dissipation capacity of the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of constant temperature accumulation of heat of the present invention, the heat supply of many temperature is determined according to the physical dimension of temperature forecast curve and heat accumulation room exterior wall;
5) feasibility of the external wall physical dimension in inspection sets hot-air channel, low temperature water tank, each annular space wall and heat accumulation room and economy.
A kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat, the heat supply of many temperature the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people realize method, it includes design and calculation method and combustion adjustment method, its combustion adjustment method includes determining that hot air flow is crossed the heat transfer process of the exterior annular tank outer wall of hot-air channel and many reservoirs, determined that in line computation the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs of low temperature period is to the radiation processes of environment in line computation, it is characterised in that: step is as follows:
1) utilize computer to determine the maximum caloric receptivity of exterior annular water tank of high temperature period many reservoirs in line computation, and iteration determines the hot-air channel of the best and the thickness of heat accumulation room exterior wall;
2) determine that hot air flow crosses the heat transfer process of hot-air channel and the exterior annular tank outer wall of many reservoirs in line computation;
3) determine in line computation that the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs of low temperature period is to the radiation processes of environment;
4) ambient air temperature teThe water temperature period higher than the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs: open air inlet and air outlet, the high-temperature hot-air of environment is pumped into air inlet by aerator, it is carried out forced-convection heat transfer higher than the hot blast of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs along the outer surface of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs by temperature, simultaneously, the water temperature of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs and the pressure in the saturated vapor space of steady reservoir is monitored continuously by information gathering and control system, and the water perseverance automatically maintaining steady reservoir is saturation, to ensure whole suction, exothermic process is all the phase transition process carried out under optimum water temperature, it is discharged into environment through air outlet after hot air heat exchange cooling,
5) ambient air temperature teThe water temperature period lower than the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs: close air inlet and air outlet, the water temperature keeping the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs is constant corresponding to parameter of saturation, now the water temperature of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs is higher than ambient temperature, the water temperature of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs passes through the still air layer of hot-air channel and the external wall in heat accumulation room to function of environment heat emission, meanwhile, steam in steady reservoir is by carrying out and condense into water gradually with heat radiation, the latent heat of vaporization absorbed when releasing vaporization, until ambient air temperature teIt is increased to and stops function of environment heat emission equal to the optimum water temperature of steady reservoir;
6) according to the average environment temperature of constant temperature accumulation of heat of the present invention, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people certain season on-site of many temperature heat supply, set the water temperature of steady reservoir, both the heat transfer temperature difference of the difference of the water temperature of steady reservoir and ambient air temperature �� between the two had been maintained, to utilize high ambient temperature resource to greatest extent, keep again the mean temperature in this season of steady reservoir water temperature; Seasonal variations causes ambient air temperature teChange time, automatically adjust the second entrance of steady reservoir by set algorithm by information gathering and control system, automatically to adjust the saturation water parameter in steady reservoir, the water of steady reservoir is made to carry out the phase transition process of heat absorption vaporization and exothermic condensation under new parameter of saturation.
A kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat of the present invention, many temperature dual-purpose thermal storage devices of the work people of heat supply and the advantage of its implementation are embodied in:
Many reservoirs water temperature of 1 thermal storage device is long-acting, the room temperature external environment condition that temperature is 10-20 DEG C built by it whole thermal storage device in heat accumulation room including insulated building body and insulated roof, the saturated vapor of saturation water water containing space outside steady reservoir and inner side holds can absorb heat to environment between vapour by day, make the saturation water vaporization in the saturation water water containing space in outside, the saturated vapor that water vapour is entered inner side by annular semipermeable membrane holds storage heat between vapour, when environment is distributed heat by evening, the saturated vapor of inner side holds the water vapour heat release liquefaction between vapour, therefore the temperature stabilization of steady reservoir is remained, so that it is guaranteed that many reservoirs temperature drop of thermal storage device of the present invention reaches minimum, reach long-acting purpose.
2. the low damage of many reservoirs water temperature of thermal storage device, when day temperature is higher than steady reservoir temperature, the endothermic process of low temperature water tank is forced convertion process, when evening, ambient temperature was lower than low temperature water tank temperature, the radiation processes of low temperature water tank is free convection process, if the heat-transfer surface material of two processes, heat exchange areas etc. are chosen proper, the same time, under the same temperature difference, the caloric receptivity of endothermic process can much larger than heat radiation, if at this moment properly increasing the temperature of low temperature water tank, the endothermic process time on daytime shortens than Exotherm Time, the heat dissipation capacity of low temperature water tank is added that low temperature water tank is equal to the heat dissipation capacity of environment with evening from the caloric receptivity sum of environment for daytime by the equally possible high-temperature water tank making the same day, owing to low temperature water tank temperature raises, the temperature difference of low temperature water tank is diminished by high-temperature water tank, heat dissipation capacity from inside to outside is along with tailing off, in high-temperature water tank, the temperature drop of water diminishes, thus reach long-acting, the purpose of low damage heat accumulation. with minimum heat dissipation capacity to function of environment heat emission.
3. how warm, in thermal storage device, high, medium and low many warm waters water tank meets the demand for different heat accumulation water temperatures such as system, user;
4. flexible, due to features such as thermal storage device is efficient, environmental protection, many temperature, it is possible to be combined with various energy resources flexibly, the type according to heat user, and draft corresponding observing and controlling algorithm respectively. For distributed special type user, as needed alliance electricity, air and heat (cold), fertile comprehensive user, it is possible to draft corresponding strategy as the case may be and work out respective algorithms, to adapt to the needs of multiparameter measurement and control the most flexibly and fast.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic front view of the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of the constant temperature accumulation of heat of the present invention, the heat supply of many temperature;
Fig. 2 is the A-A cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 1;
The partial enlargement that Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 looks schematic diagram;
The various energy resources that Fig. 4 is the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of the constant temperature accumulation of heat of the present invention, the heat supply of many temperature utilizes system schematic;
Fig. 5 is weather forecasting curve figure;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of embodiment 2;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of embodiment 3.
1 high-temperature water tank in figure, reservoir in 2, 3 low temperature water tanks, 4 steady reservoirs, 5 hot-air channels, 6 heat accumulation rooms, 7 annular space walls, 8 current-sharing fins, 9 air inlets, 10 samming devices, 11 heat-insulation layers, 12 hot water inlets, 13 second entrances, 14 hot heating installation, 15 imports, 16 saturation water water containing spaces, 17 saturated vapors hold between vapour, 18 air outlets, 19 pressure transducers, 20 temperature sensors, 21 water guide fins, 22 semipermeable membranes, 23 outlets, 24 insulated rooves, 25 high-temperature water tanks, 26 casings, reservoir in 27 times, 28 valves, 29 water pumps, 30 flow transducers, 31 information gatherings and control system, temperature-heat-source more than 32, warming load 33 more, 34 air velocity transducers, 35 aerators, 36 vacuum pumps.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 5, embodiment 1, the present embodiment a kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat, the heat supply of many temperature the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people, it includes heat accumulation room 6, casing 26, hot heating installation 14, annular space wall 7, described heat accumulation room 6 includes insulated building body and insulated roof 24, the insulated building body in described heat accumulation room 6 is respectively provided with opposed air inlet 9 and air outlet 18, and air inlet 9 and aerator 35 are tightly connected, and the insulated roof 24 in heat accumulation room 6 seals with insulated building body and is connected, described casing 26 is placed in heat accumulation room 6 and is connected, casing 26 is along forming annular lacuna between week and heat accumulation room 6 as hot-air channel 5, described hot heating installation 14 is placed in as bottom the annular lacuna of hot-air channel 5 and be connected, the hot water inlet 12 of hot heating installation 14 and the thermal water source of many temperature-heat-sources 32 are by flow transducer 30, water pump 29 and valve 28 are tightly connected, eight current-sharing fins 8 are horizontally placed at as in the annular lacuna of hot-air channel 5 respectively, it is socketed on casing 26 and is connected, air velocity transducer 34 and temperature sensor 20 are placed in as being connected in the annular lacuna of hot-air channel 5 and with casing 26 respectively, described three annular space walls 7 are placed in casing 26 respectively, and be socketed successively from inside to outside and be connected with casing 26 respectively, center water tank and two annular water tanks are formed between three annular space walls 7, thus constitute many reservoirs, the center water tank of many reservoirs and two annular water tanks are followed successively by high-temperature water tank 1 from inside to outside, middle reservoir 2 and low temperature water tank 3, its high-temperature water tank 1, the hot water temperature stored in middle reservoir 2 and low temperature water tank 3 reduces from inside to outside successively, top and the bottom of center water tank and each annular water tank arrange heat-insulation layer 11 respectively, inside arranges temperature sensor 20, the thickness of each heat-insulation layer 11 is identical or different, outlet 23 and the thermic load 33 on high-temperature water tank 1 or middle reservoir 2 or low temperature water tank 3 top pass sequentially through valve 28 respectively, water pump 29 and flow transducer 30 are tightly connected, flow transducer 30 it is tightly connected respectively successively between import 15 and many temperature-heat-sources 32 of high-temperature water tank 1 or middle reservoir 2 or low temperature water tank 3 bottom, water pump 29 and valve 28, the steady reservoir 4 of annular is constituted between outermost annular space wall 7 and casing 26, top and the bottom of steady reservoir 4 arrange heat-insulation layer 11 respectively, first entrance on steady reservoir 4 top is tightly connected with vacuum pump 36, the second entrance 13 of bottom is connected with the exit seal at the saturated water source of many temperature-heat-sources 32, steady reservoir 4 built in pressure sensor 19 and temperature sensor 20, the built-in pressure transducer 19 of the built-in temperature sensor 20 of air velocity transducer 34 that hot-air channel 5 is built-in and temperature sensor 20, many reservoirs, steady reservoir 4, temperature sensor 20, aerator 35, vacuum pump 36, water pump 29, valve 28 and flow transducer 30 are connected with controlling system 31 signal with information gathering respectively.
The structure of described steady reservoir 4 is: steady reservoir 4 built-in annular semipermeable membrane 22, it is connected with casing 26 bottom annular semipermeable membrane 22, gap is left between top and casing 26, steady reservoir 4 is divided into two annular spaces by annular semipermeable membrane 22, exterior annular space is saturation water water containing space 16, interior annular space is that saturated vapor holds between vapour 17, ten annular water guide fins 21 tilt to be placed in saturated vapor respectively and hold between vapour 17, outside is connected with annular semipermeable membrane 22, pressure transducer 19 and temperature sensor 20 are placed in the saturated vapor of steady reservoir 4 respectively and hold between vapour 17 and be connected, first entrance on steady reservoir 4 top is corresponding with the saturation water water containing space 16 of steady reservoir 4, it is tightly connected with vacuum pump 36, second entrance 13 one end of steady reservoir 4 bottom connects with annular semipermeable membrane 22, the other end is connected with the exit seal at the saturated water source of many temperature-heat-sources 32.
Three samming devices 10 are set in each annular water tank of described many reservoirs respectively and are connected, described samming device 10 arranges several flowing holes, samming device 10 is placed in 1/4��1/2 place of many reservoirs height, to eliminate the thermal stratification of heat storage water tank, improves heat storage water tank capacity utilization.
The structure of each annular space wall 7 described is identical, its material and thickness are identical or different, and concrete structure is: it includes outer wall, inwall and heat insulation layer, and described outer wall and inwall are annular, described outer wall is socketed on inwall, and insulation is placed between outer wall and inwall and is connected.
The present embodiment adopts prior art manufacture, and described air velocity transducer 34, temperature sensor 20, pressure transducer 19, valve 28, water pump 29, flow transducer 30, aerator 35 and information gathering and control system 31 are the commercially available prod of prior art.
The method that realizes of the present embodiment includes design and calculation method and combustion adjustment method, and its design and calculation method step is as follows:
1) according to user's demand to each Water in Water Tank gentleness water yield, set the physical dimension of hot-air channel 5 and the physical dimension of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs, the number of plies concurrently setting annular space wall 7 is three layers, and its many reservoirs are followed successively by high-temperature water tank 1, middle reservoir 2 and low temperature water tank 3 from inside to outside;
2) physical dimension in the design high-temperature water tank 1 of many reservoirs, middle reservoir 2 and low temperature water tank 3 and heat accumulation room 6 is optimized;
3) thickness determining each annular space wall 7 of many reservoirs is calculated:
4) heat dissipation capacity of the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of the present invention is determined according to the physical dimension of temperature forecast curve and heat accumulation room 6 exterior wall;
5) feasibility of the external wall physical dimension in inspection sets hot-air channel 5, low temperature water tank 3, each annular space wall 7 and heat accumulation room 6 and economy.
Described step 3) thickness algorithms of each annular space wall 7 is as follows:
A) the free convection heat transfer amount of the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of constant temperature accumulation of heat of the present invention, the heat supply of many temperature is determined by formula (1)
qh,c=hh,c��A��(TH-Te)(1)
In formula: qh,cThe free convection heat transfer amount that the high-temperature water tank of adjacent water tank is external;
hh,cFree convection heat transfer coefficient;
The surface area of the high-temperature water tank of the adjacent water tank of A;
THThe Kelvin of hot water in the high-temperature water tank of adjacent water tank;
TeThe Kelvin of environment;
B) thermal exposure of the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of constant temperature accumulation of heat of the present invention, the heat supply of many temperature is determined by formula (2)
q t , r = ϵ · A · σ · ( T H 4 - T e 4 ) - - - ( 2 )
In formula: qt,rThe thermal exposure that the high-temperature water tank of adjacent water tank is external;
Absorbance;
The surface area of the high-temperature water tank of the adjacent water tank of A;
�� Boltzmann constant;
THThe Kelvin of hot water in the high-temperature water tank of adjacent water tank;
TeThe Kelvin of environment;
C) the inside heat conduction heat flux amount of the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of constant temperature accumulation of heat of the present invention, the heat supply of many temperature is determined by formula (3)
��=qh,c+qt,r(3)
In formula: �� constant temperature of the present invention accumulation of heat, the heat supply of many temperature the inside heat conduction heat flux amount of the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people;
qh,cThe free convection heat transfer amount that the high-temperature water tank of adjacent water tank is external;
qt,rThe thermal exposure that the high-temperature water tank of adjacent water tank is external;
D) by thermal conduction study it can be seen that the heat conduction heat flux amount such as formula (4) of multilamellar water tank, the Temperature Distribution formula such as formula (5) of multilamellar water tank,
Φ = 2 π l ( t 1 - t 2 ) l n ( r 2 / r 1 ) λ 1 + l n ( r 3 / r 2 ) λ 2 + ... + l n ( r n / r n - 1 ) λ n - 1 - - - ( 4 )
t n = t 1 - Φ 2 π l [ 1 λ 1 l n ( r 2 r 1 ) + 1 λ 2 l n ( r 3 r 2 ) + ... + 1 λ n l n ( r n r n - 1 ) ] - - - ( 5 )
In formula: �� constant temperature of the present invention accumulation of heat, the heat supply of many temperature the inside heat conduction heat flux amount of the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people;
L constant temperature of the present invention accumulation of heat, the heat supply of many temperature the longitudinally height of the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people;
t1��t2����tnThe 1st layer, 2 layers of multilamellar water tank ... the saturation water Celsius temperature in n layer water tank, the present embodiment n=3;
r1��r2��r3... the 1st layer, 2 layers, 3 layers of rn multilamellar water tank ... annular space wall 7 radius size of n layer water tank, the present embodiment n=3;
��1����2����3������nThe 1st layer, 2 layers, 3 layers of multi-layer cylinder wall ... the heat-insulation layer heat conductivity of n layer, the present embodiment n=3;
E) thickness of annular space wall 7 is obtained by formula (6)
��n=rn-rn-1(6)
In formula: ��nN-th septal wall thickness, the present embodiment n=3;
rnAnnular space wall 7 radius size of multilamellar water tank n-th layer water tank, the present embodiment n=3;
rn-1The radius size of the annular space wall 7 of (n-1)th layer of water tank of multilamellar water tank, the present embodiment n=3.
Described step 4) heat accumulation room 6 is as follows to the algorithm of the heat dissipation capacity of environment:
A) the external wall surface temperature equilibrium equation such as (7) in heat accumulation room 6
t l - t w δ w λ w = α ( t w - t e ) - - - ( 7 )
In formula, tlThe Celsius temperature of trapped air in the hot-air channel 5 in heat accumulation room 6;
The external wall total surface heat transfer coefficient in �� heat accumulation room 6;
twThe external wall surface temperature in heat accumulation room 6;
teThe Celsius temperature of environment;
��wThe thickness of the external wall heat-insulation layer in heat accumulation room 6;
��wThe heat conductivity of the external wall heat-insulation layer in heat accumulation room 6;
If b) heat-insulation layer outside wall surface is in free convection air, formula (8) determine the external wall total surface heat transfer coefficient in heat accumulation room 6:
��=8.4+0.06 (tw-te)(8)
In formula, the external wall total surface heat transfer coefficient in �� heat accumulation room 6;
twThe external wall surface temperature in heat accumulation room 6;
teThe Celsius temperature of environment;
Formula (8) is brought in formula (7), launch and after arranging, available formula (9) substitutes
at2 w+btw+ c=0 (9)
In formula: a = 0.06 δ w λ w ;
b = ( 8.4 - 0.12 t e ) δ w λ w + 1 ;
c = ( 0.06 t e 2 - 8.4 t e ) δ w λ w - t l ;
twThe external wall surface temperature in heat accumulation room 6;
C) formula (10) is obtained with quadratic equation with one unknown equation solution formula (9), thus calculating the external wall surface temperature in heat accumulation room 6
t w 3 = - b ± b 2 - 4 a c 2 a - - - ( 10 )
In formula: twThe external wall surface temperature in heat accumulation room 6;
a = 0.06 δ w λ w ;
b = ( 8.4 - 0.12 t e ) δ w λ w + 1 ;
c = ( 0.06 t e 2 - 8.4 t e ) δ w λ w - t l ;
If d) heat-insulation layer outside wall surface is in the air of forced convertion, formula (11) determine the external wall total surface heat transfer coefficient in heat accumulation room 6:
α = 5.3 + 3.6 w , w ≤ 5 m / s 6.67 w 0.78 , w > 5 m / s - - - ( 11 )
In formula: the external wall total surface heat transfer coefficient in �� heat accumulation room 6;
The air speed value of w Forced Convection Air;
E) formula (11) is brought in formula (7) obtain, the external wall surface temperature t in heat accumulation room 6 can be obtained by above-mentioned stepsw3Computing formula (12):
t w = t l + αδ w λ w t e 1 + αδ w λ w - - - ( 12 )
In formula, tlThe Celsius temperature of trapped air in the hot-air channel 5 in heat accumulation room 6;
The external wall total surface heat transfer coefficient in �� heat accumulation room 6;
twThe external wall surface temperature in heat accumulation room 6;
teThe Celsius temperature of environment;
��wThe thickness of the external wall heat-insulation layer in heat accumulation room 6;
��wThe heat conductivity of the external wall heat-insulation layer in heat accumulation room 6;
F) formula (13) calculates the heat dissipation capacity in heat accumulation room 6
Q=�� Aw��(tw-te)(13)
In formula: Q heat accumulation room 6 is to the heat dissipation capacity of environment;
AwThe external wall surface area in heat accumulation room 6;
twHeat accumulation room 6 external wall surface temperature;
teThe Celsius temperature of environment;
The external wall total surface heat transfer coefficient in �� heat accumulation room 6.
The method that realizes of the present embodiment includes design and calculation method and combustion adjustment method, its combustion adjustment method includes determining that hot air flow is crossed the heat transfer process of hot-air channel 5 and the exterior annular tank outer wall of many reservoirs, determined that in line computation the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs of low temperature period is to the radiation processes of environment in line computation, and step is as follows:
1) utilize computer to determine the maximum caloric receptivity of exterior annular water tank of high temperature period many reservoirs in line computation, and iteration determines the hot-air channel 5 of the best and the thickness of heat accumulation room 6 exterior wall;
Calculating the maximum caloric receptivity method of exterior annular water tank determining high temperature period many reservoirs is: guaranteeing that the caloric receptivity sum of the heat dissipation capacity of low temperature water tank and the low temperature water tank of high temperature period adjacent water tank is equal to the low temperature water tank of low temperature period adjacent water tank under the premise of the heat dissipation capacity of environment by the high-temperature water tank of adjacent water tank, the caloric receptivity of the low temperature water tank of high temperature period adjacent water tank should make every effort to maximum, the maximum of the low temperature water tank caloric receptivity of adjacent water tank is then by following two constraints: one, the maximum of caloric receptivity should��its all water yields all vaporize the latent heat of vaporization absorbed, two, the saturated vapor caused by vapor volume increase that the maximum of caloric receptivity evaporates holds the steam pressure of 17 between vapour and raises the limit that must not exceed container material.
2) determine that hot air flow crosses the heat transfer process of hot-air channel 5 and the exterior annular tank outer wall of many reservoirs in line computation;
3) determine in line computation that the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs of low temperature period is to the radiation processes of environment;
4) ambient air temperature teThe water temperature period higher than the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs: open air inlet 9 and air outlet 18, the high-temperature hot-air of environment is pumped into air inlet 9 by aerator 35, it is carried out forced-convection heat transfer higher than the hot blast of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs along the outer surface of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs by temperature, simultaneously, the water temperature of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs and the pressure in the saturated vapor space of steady reservoir 4 is monitored continuously by information gathering and control system 31, and the water perseverance automatically maintaining steady reservoir 4 is saturation, to ensure whole suction, exothermic process is all the phase transition process carried out under optimum water temperature, it is discharged into environment through air outlet 18 after hot air heat exchange cooling,
5) ambient air temperature teThe water temperature period lower than the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs: close air inlet 9 and air outlet 18, the water temperature keeping the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs is constant corresponding to parameter of saturation, now the water temperature of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs is higher than ambient temperature, the water temperature of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs passes through the still air layer of hot-air channel 5 and the external wall in heat accumulation room 6 to function of environment heat emission, meanwhile, steam in steady reservoir 4 is by carrying out and condense into water gradually with heat radiation, the latent heat of vaporization absorbed when releasing vaporization, until ambient air temperature teIt is increased to and stops function of environment heat emission equal to the optimum water temperature of steady reservoir 4;
6) according to the average environment temperature of constant temperature accumulation of heat of the present invention, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people certain season on-site of many temperature heat supply, set the water temperature of steady reservoir 4, both the heat transfer temperature difference of the difference of the water temperature of steady reservoir 4 and ambient air temperature �� between the two had been maintained, to utilize high ambient temperature resource to greatest extent, keep again the mean temperature in this season of steady reservoir 4 water temperature; Seasonal variations causes ambient air temperature teChange time, automatically adjust the second entrance 13 and relief valve of steady reservoir 4 by set algorithm by information gathering and control system 31, automatically to adjust the saturation water parameter in steady reservoir 4, the water of steady reservoir 4 is made to carry out the phase transition process of heat absorption vaporization and exothermic condensation under new parameter of saturation.
Described step 6) process that sets steady reservoir 4 water temperature is:
A) the setting process of steady reservoir 4 water temperature:
According to temperature forecast when daily mean temperature valueSet the saturation water temperature t of steady reservoir 4s, needed for hot-air channel 5, hot blast temperature is heating pathogenic wind-warm plus heat transfer temperature difference �� t, such as formula (14) and formula (15),
t s = t e ‾ - - - ( 14 )
t h , w = t e ‾ + Δ t - - - ( 15 )
In formula: tsThe saturation water Celsius temperature of steady reservoir 4;
Temperature forecast when daily mean temperature value;
th,wHeating pathogenic wind-warm;
The heat transfer temperature difference that steady reservoir 4 is heated by �� t;
B) process adjusting steady reservoir 4 water temperature is:
Reducing the water temperature of steady reservoir 4: open the second entrance 13 of steady reservoir 4, temperature enters steady reservoir 4 lower than the cold water of steady reservoir 4 water temperature, reduces after the water temperature of steady reservoir 4 reaches requirement numerical value, closes the second entrance 13;
Raise the water temperature of steady reservoir 4: be filled with the temperature hot water higher than steady reservoir 4 water temperature through the second entrance 13 of steady reservoir 4, after the water temperature of steady reservoir 4 reaches designated value, close the second entrance 13.
Referring to Fig. 6, embodiment 2, the present embodiment is essentially identical with embodiment 1, it is different in that: the present embodiment adopts four annular space walls 7, center water tank and three annular water tanks are formed between described four annular space walls 7, thus constitute many reservoirs, the center water tank of many reservoirs and three annular water tanks are followed successively by high-temperature water tank 1 from inside to outside, secondary high-temperature water tank 25, middle reservoir 2 and low temperature water tank 3, its high-temperature water tank 1, secondary high-temperature water tank 25, the hot water temperature stored in middle reservoir 2 and low temperature water tank 3 reduces from inside to outside successively, top and the bottom of center water tank and each annular water tank arrange heat-insulation layer 11 respectively, inside arranges temperature sensor 20, outlet 23 and the thermic load 33 on high-temperature water tank 1 or secondary high-temperature water tank 25 or middle reservoir 2 or low temperature water tank 3 top pass sequentially through valve 28 respectively, water pump 29 and flow transducer 30 are tightly connected, flow transducer 30 it is tightly connected respectively successively between import 15 and many temperature-heat-sources 32 of high-temperature water tank 1 or secondary high-temperature water tank 25 or middle reservoir 2 or low temperature water tank 3 bottom, water pump 29 and valve 28.
Referring to Fig. 7, embodiment 3, the present embodiment is essentially identical with embodiment 1, it is different in that: the present embodiment adopts five annular space walls 7, center water tank and four annular water tanks are formed between described five annular space walls 7, thus constitute many reservoirs, the center water tank of many reservoirs and four annular water tanks are followed successively by high-temperature water tank 1 from inside to outside, secondary high-temperature water tank 25, middle reservoir 2, secondary middle reservoir 27 and low temperature water tank 3, its high-temperature water tank 1, secondary high-temperature water tank 25, middle reservoir 2, the hot water temperature stored in secondary middle reservoir 27 and low temperature water tank 3 reduces from inside to outside successively, top and the bottom of center water tank and each annular water tank arrange heat-insulation layer 11 respectively, inside arranges temperature sensor 20, outlet 23 and the thermic load 33 on high-temperature water tank 1 or secondary high-temperature water tank 25 or middle reservoir 2 or secondary middle reservoir 27 or low temperature water tank 3 top pass sequentially through valve 28 respectively, water pump 29 and flow transducer 30 are tightly connected, flow transducer 30 it is tightly connected respectively successively between import 15 and many temperature-heat-sources 32 of high-temperature water tank 1 or secondary high-temperature water tank 25 or middle reservoir 2 or secondary middle reservoir 27 or low temperature water tank 3 bottom, water pump 29 and valve 28.
Constant temperature accumulation of heat, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of many warm heat supplies and its implementation that this detailed description of the invention provides are only three embodiments; and it is non exhaustive; those skilled in the art, without the simple copy of creative work and improvement, still fall within the scope of the claims in the present invention protection.

Claims (6)

1. a constant temperature accumulation of heat, the heat supply of many temperature the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people, it is characterized in that: it includes heat accumulation room, casing, hot heating installation, annular space wall, described heat accumulation room includes insulated building body and insulated roof, the insulated building body in described heat accumulation room is respectively provided with opposed air inlet and air outlet, and the insulated roof in heat accumulation room seals with insulated building body and is connected, described casing is placed in heat accumulation room and is connected, casing is along forming annular lacuna between week and heat accumulation room as hot-air channel, described hot heating installation is placed in as bottom the annular lacuna of hot-air channel and be connected, the thermal water source of the hot water inlet of hot heating installation and many temperature-heat-sources is tightly connected, several current-sharing fins be placed in respectively as in the annular lacuna of hot-air channel, be socketed on casing and be connected, air velocity transducer and temperature sensor are placed in as in the annular lacuna of hot-air channel and be connected respectively, described N number of annular space wall is placed in casing respectively, and be socketed successively from inside to outside and be connected with casing respectively, center water tank and N-1 annular water tank is formed between N number of annular space wall, thus constitute many reservoirs, the hot water temperature stored in the center water tank of many reservoirs and N-1 annular water tank reduces from inside to outside successively, top and the bottom of center water tank and each annular water tank arrange heat-insulation layer respectively, inside arranges temperature sensor, the thickness of each heat-insulation layer is identical or different, the outlet on center water tank and each annular water tank top is tightly connected with thermic load respectively, the import of bottom is tightly connected with many temperature-heat-sources respectively, the steady reservoir of annular is constituted between outermost annular space wall and casing, the top of steady reservoir and bottom arrange heat-insulation layer respectively, first entrance on steady reservoir top is tightly connected with vacuum pump, the second entrance of bottom is connected with the exit seal at the saturated water source of many temperature-heat-sources, steady reservoir built in pressure sensor and temperature sensor, pressure transducer and temperature sensor, vacuum pump that the built-in temperature sensor of air velocity transducer that hot-air channel is built-in and temperature sensor, many reservoirs, steady reservoir are built-in are connected with controlling system signal with information gathering respectively.
2. a kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat as claimed in claim 1, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of many temperature heat supply, it is characterized in that: the structure of described steady reservoir is: steady reservoir built-in annular semipermeable membrane, it is connected with casing bottom annular semipermeable membrane, gap is left between top and casing, steady reservoir is divided into two annular spaces by annular semipermeable membrane, exterior annular space is saturation water water containing space, interior annular space is that saturated vapor holds between vapour, the water guide fin of several annulars is placed in saturated vapor and holds between vapour, outside is connected with annular semipermeable membrane, pressure transducer and temperature sensor are placed in the saturated vapor of steady reservoir respectively and hold between vapour and be connected, first entrance on steady reservoir top is corresponding with the saturation water water containing space of steady reservoir, it is tightly connected with vacuum pump, second entrance one end of steady reservoir bottom connects with annular semipermeable membrane, the other end is connected with the exit seal at the saturated water source of many temperature-heat-sources.
3. a kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat as claimed in claim 1, the heat supply of many temperature the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people, it is characterized in that: at least one samming device is set in each annular water tank of described many reservoirs respectively and is connected, described samming device arranges several flowing holes, samming device is placed in 1/4��1/2 place of many reservoirs height, to eliminate the thermal stratification of heat storage water tank, improve heat storage water tank capacity utilization.
4. a kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat as claimed in claim 1, the heat supply of many temperature the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people, it is characterized in that: the structure of each annular space wall described is identical, its material and thickness are identical or different, concrete structure is: it includes outer wall, inwall and heat insulation layer, described outer wall and inwall are annular, described outer wall is socketed on inwall, and insulation is placed between outer wall and inwall and is connected.
5. constant temperature accumulation of heat, the heat supply of many temperature the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people realize a method, it includes design and calculation method and combustion adjustment method, it is characterised in that: its design and calculation method step is as follows:
1) according to user's demand to each Water in Water Tank gentleness water yield, the physical dimension of the exterior annular water tank of the physical dimension of hot-air channel, the number of plies of annular space wall and many reservoirs is set;
2) physical dimension in center water tank and each annular water tank and the heat accumulation room designing many reservoirs is optimized;
3) thickness determining each annular space wall of many reservoirs is calculated;
4) heat dissipation capacity of the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people of constant temperature accumulation of heat of the present invention, the heat supply of many temperature is determined according to the physical dimension of temperature forecast curve and heat accumulation room exterior wall;
5) feasibility of the external wall physical dimension in inspection sets hot-air channel, low temperature water tank, each annular space wall and heat accumulation room and economy.
6. a constant temperature accumulation of heat, the heat supply of many temperature the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people realize method, it includes design and calculation method and combustion adjustment method, its combustion adjustment method includes determining that hot air flow is crossed the heat transfer process of the exterior annular tank outer wall of hot-air channel and many reservoirs, determined that in line computation the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs of low temperature period is to the radiation processes of environment in line computation, it is characterised in that: step is as follows:
1) utilize computer to determine the maximum caloric receptivity of exterior annular water tank of high temperature period many reservoirs in line computation, and iteration determines the hot-air channel of the best and the thickness of heat accumulation room exterior wall;
2) determine that hot air flow crosses the heat transfer process of hot-air channel and the exterior annular tank outer wall of many reservoirs in line computation;
3) determine in line computation that the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs of low temperature period is to the radiation processes of environment;
4) ambient air temperature teThe water temperature period higher than the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs: open air inlet and air outlet, the high-temperature hot-air of environment is pumped into air inlet by aerator, it is carried out forced-convection heat transfer higher than the hot blast of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs along the outer surface of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs by temperature, simultaneously, the water temperature of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs and the pressure in the saturated vapor space of steady reservoir is monitored continuously by information gathering and control system, and the water perseverance automatically maintaining steady reservoir is saturation, to ensure whole suction, exothermic process is all the phase transition process carried out under optimum water temperature, it is discharged into environment through air outlet after hot air heat exchange cooling,
5) ambient air temperature teThe water temperature period lower than the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs: close air inlet and air outlet, the water temperature keeping the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs is constant corresponding to parameter of saturation, now the water temperature of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs is higher than ambient temperature, the water temperature of the exterior annular water tank of many reservoirs passes through the still air layer of hot-air channel and the external wall in heat accumulation room to function of environment heat emission, meanwhile, steam in steady reservoir is by carrying out and condense into water gradually with heat radiation, the latent heat of vaporization absorbed when releasing vaporization, until ambient air temperature teIt is increased to and stops function of environment heat emission equal to the optimum water temperature of steady reservoir;
6) according to the average environment temperature of constant temperature accumulation of heat of the present invention, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people certain season on-site of many temperature heat supply, set the water temperature of steady reservoir, both the heat transfer temperature difference of the difference of the water temperature of steady reservoir and ambient air temperature �� between the two had been maintained, to utilize high ambient temperature resource to greatest extent, keep again the mean temperature in this season of steady reservoir water temperature; Seasonal variations causes ambient air temperature teChange time, automatically adjust the second entrance of steady reservoir by set algorithm by information gathering and control system, automatically to adjust the saturation water parameter in steady reservoir, the water of steady reservoir is made to carry out the phase transition process of heat absorption vaporization and exothermic condensation under new parameter of saturation.
CN201610050975.4A 2016-01-25 2016-01-25 A kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people and its implementation of more warm heat supplies Active CN105627801B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610050975.4A CN105627801B (en) 2016-01-25 2016-01-25 A kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people and its implementation of more warm heat supplies

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610050975.4A CN105627801B (en) 2016-01-25 2016-01-25 A kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people and its implementation of more warm heat supplies

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105627801A true CN105627801A (en) 2016-06-01
CN105627801B CN105627801B (en) 2018-06-05

Family

ID=56042960

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610050975.4A Active CN105627801B (en) 2016-01-25 2016-01-25 A kind of constant temperature accumulation of heat, the dual-purpose thermal storage device of the work people and its implementation of more warm heat supplies

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105627801B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107676995A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-02-09 广西吉宽太阳能设备有限公司 A kind of classification storage tank of solar heating engineering

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS55134291A (en) * 1979-04-03 1980-10-18 Keiichi Yasukawa Hot water storage type long-time heat storage tank
US6203764B1 (en) * 1999-01-15 2001-03-20 Midwest Research Institute Vacuum-insulated catalytic converter
US20050092480A1 (en) * 2002-01-31 2005-05-05 Ove Platell Plant for tempering of a building
CN101349450A (en) * 2008-06-27 2009-01-21 赵铭 Deep layer terrestrial heat renewable energy source winter heating method
CN101363679A (en) * 2008-09-25 2009-02-11 程显超 Energy storage device and use method
KR20100117204A (en) * 2009-04-24 2010-11-03 김해성 The electric boiler which uses the heat medium oil
CN103673306A (en) * 2012-09-12 2014-03-26 大庆市海丰能源技术研究有限公司 Solar temperature-rising heat-storage heat preservation box
CN103994683A (en) * 2014-05-21 2014-08-20 武汉理工大学 High-temperature smoke waste heat recycling and storing device and method
CN105222633A (en) * 2009-11-16 2016-01-06 苏纳珀有限公司 Energy storage system

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS55134291A (en) * 1979-04-03 1980-10-18 Keiichi Yasukawa Hot water storage type long-time heat storage tank
US6203764B1 (en) * 1999-01-15 2001-03-20 Midwest Research Institute Vacuum-insulated catalytic converter
US20050092480A1 (en) * 2002-01-31 2005-05-05 Ove Platell Plant for tempering of a building
CN101349450A (en) * 2008-06-27 2009-01-21 赵铭 Deep layer terrestrial heat renewable energy source winter heating method
CN101363679A (en) * 2008-09-25 2009-02-11 程显超 Energy storage device and use method
KR20100117204A (en) * 2009-04-24 2010-11-03 김해성 The electric boiler which uses the heat medium oil
CN105222633A (en) * 2009-11-16 2016-01-06 苏纳珀有限公司 Energy storage system
CN103673306A (en) * 2012-09-12 2014-03-26 大庆市海丰能源技术研究有限公司 Solar temperature-rising heat-storage heat preservation box
CN103994683A (en) * 2014-05-21 2014-08-20 武汉理工大学 High-temperature smoke waste heat recycling and storing device and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107676995A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-02-09 广西吉宽太阳能设备有限公司 A kind of classification storage tank of solar heating engineering

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105627801B (en) 2018-06-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Kamel et al. Solar systems and their integration with heat pumps: A review
Baljit et al. Review of building integrated applications of photovoltaic and solar thermal systems
Kalogirou et al. Exergy analysis of solar thermal collectors and processes
Kasaeian et al. Solar collectors and photovoltaics as combined heat and power systems: A critical review
Soheyli et al. Modeling a novel CCHP system including solar and wind renewable energy resources and sizing by a CC-MOPSO algorithm
Habibollahzade et al. Multi-criteria optimization of an integrated energy system with thermoelectric generator, parabolic trough solar collector and electrolysis for hydrogen production
Calise et al. A novel renewable polygeneration system for a small Mediterranean volcanic island for the combined production of energy and water: Dynamic simulation and economic assessment
Naseri et al. Exergy analysis of a hydrogen and water production process by a solar-driven transcritical CO2 power cycle with Stirling engine
Esen et al. Experimental evaluation of using various renewable energy sources for heating a greenhouse
Shan et al. Comparative simulation analyses on dynamic performances of photovoltaic–thermal solar collectors with different configurations
Pounraj et al. Experimental investigation on Peltier based hybrid PV/T active solar still for enhancing the overall performance
Gaur et al. Optimization of number of collectors for integrated PV/T hybrid active solar still
Yang et al. Experimental investigations of the performance of a solar-ground source heat pump system operated in heating modes
Gude et al. Desalination using solar energy: Towards sustainability
Chow et al. Annual performance of building-integrated photovoltaic/water-heating system for warm climate application
CN102967080B (en) Thermal power system with complementation between solar energy and biomass energy
CN103119390B (en) The associated methods of energy storing device and the thermal process for separating
WO2018196456A1 (en) Modeling method for heat and electricity combined optimized scheduling model
Gunerhan et al. Environmental impacts from the solar energy systems
Daghigh et al. Advances in liquid based photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) collectors
Müller-Holst et al. Small-scale thermal seawater desalination simulation and optimization of system design
Kumar et al. Development of empirical relation to evaluate the heat transfer coefficients and fractional energy in basin type hybrid (PV/T) active solar still
Brahim et al. Economical assessment and applications of photovoltaic/thermal hybrid solar technology: A review
Tian et al. New optimal design for a hybrid solar chimney, solid oxide electrolysis and fuel cell based on improved deer hunting optimization algorithm
Chen et al. Multi-criteria assessment and optimization study on 5 kW PEMFC based residential CCHP system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant