CN105622262A - Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and cultivation method thereof - Google Patents

Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and cultivation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105622262A
CN105622262A CN201510991195.5A CN201510991195A CN105622262A CN 105622262 A CN105622262 A CN 105622262A CN 201510991195 A CN201510991195 A CN 201510991195A CN 105622262 A CN105622262 A CN 105622262A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
culture medium
pleurotus eryngii
semen
potato residues
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CN201510991195.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王明华
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遵义市明华福食用菌种植场
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Priority to CN201510991195.5A priority Critical patent/CN105622262A/en
Publication of CN105622262A publication Critical patent/CN105622262A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F1/00Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof
    • C05F1/002Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof from fish or from fish-wastes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of edible fungi cultivation, and relates to a pleurotus eryngii culture medium and a cultivation method thereof. The pleurotus eryngii culture medium is prepared from potato residues, pine nut shells, fish scale foil, beer residues, corn flour, peanut vines, pepper and pimacol. According to the characteristics of the pleurotus eryngii, the contents of carbon and nitrogen sources, mineral elements, auxin and the like in the culture medium are adjusted, so that the culture medium is more suitable for growth of the pleurotus eryngii, and the cultivated pleurotus eryngii is better in taste.

Description

A kind of Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and cultural method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to fungus growing technique field, relate to a kind of Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and cultural method.
Background technology
Pleurotus eryngii (PleurotuseryngiiQuel), has another name called perverse celery and picks up the ears. It is under the jurisdiction of Eumycota, Basidiomycetes, Agaricales, Pleurotaceae, pleurotus. Pleurotus eryngii bacterial context is plump, quality is tender and crisp, particularly stem dense structure, solid, milky white, can all eat, and stem is than the more crisp cunning of cap, tasty and refreshing, is referred to as " Pleurotus ostreatus king ", " dry scallop mushroom ", there is the almond flavor of happiness and such as the mouthfeel of Carnis Haliotidis, it is suitable for fresh-keeping, processing, firmly gets liking of people. Growth of Pleurotus eryngii is grown and is needed the nutrient substance such as carbon source, nitrogenous source, mineral, vitamin, current domestic most employing cotton seed hulls is as culture matrix raw material, mouthfeel is general, because with velveteen on cotton seed hulls, when compost is stirred, make troubles, also make troubles to work when pack. The Pleurotus eryngii quality cultivated with cotton seed hulls is soft, and Semen Armeniacae Amarum is lightly seasoned. In the process of Xinbao mushroom culturing, the preparation of the compost of Pleurotus eryngii, the sterilizing before inoculation, and in growth course the management of humiture all it is critical that.
Therefore, in planting almond abalone mushroom process, how reasonably preparation pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and the management of science in Growth of Pleurotus eryngii process, the quality improving Pleurotus eryngii is a problem demanding prompt solution in planting almond abalone mushroom.
In view of the above problems, a kind of method that the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is in that to provide planting almond abalone mushroom, it is therefore intended that improve the nutritive value of Pleurotus eryngii and improve the mouthfeel of Pleurotus eryngii.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned technical problem, inventor is a kind of culture medium according to the characteristics design of Pleurotus eryngii, also discloses the method using this culture medium Xinbao mushroom culturing.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme that a kind of Pleurotus eryngii culture medium, is made up of following parts by weight raw material:
Potato residues 23��31 parts, 13��23 parts of Semen Pini shell, pearl white 10��17 parts, beer residue 8��12 parts, Semen Maydis powder 8��12 parts, seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae 8��11 parts, 6��8 parts of Pericarpium Zanthoxyli, Nafusaku 2��4 parts.
Preferably: potato residues 26 parts, 17 parts of Semen Pini shell, pearl white 13 parts, beer residue 11 parts, Semen Maydis powder 9 parts, seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae 9 parts, 7 parts of Pericarpium Zanthoxyli, Nafusaku 3 parts.
Described potato residues is the by-product after Rhizoma Solani tuber osi extracts starch, and in mass fraction, the starch-containing amount of potato residues is 25��30%.
The method using above-mentioned culture medium Xinbao mushroom culturing, comprises the following steps:
1) take formula ratio raw material, Semen Pini shell, seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli are pulverized, mixes with potato residues, pearl white, beer residue, Semen Maydis powder, Nafusaku, add water, until moisture content in medium accounts for 70��75% culture medium weight;
2) sterilizing after culture medium being packed;
3) to the culture medium inoculated pleurotus eryngii quel strains after sterilizing, cultivate and within 31��36 days, carry out sending out bacterium;
4) carry out the management of producing mushroom of routine, gather in time.
Wherein, step 2) in culture medium loaded diameter to be 20��25cm, length is the thin film barrel bag of 25��30cm.
Wherein, step 2) described sterilising temp is 100 DEG C, sterilization time is 11��14 hours.
Wherein, step 3) a described bacterium temperature of sending out is 18��25 DEG C.
Wherein, step 4) described management of producing mushroom time, air humidity is 80��85%.
The present invention, according to Pleurotus eryngii characteristic, regulates the equal size of culture medium carbon nitrogen source, mineral element, auxin, makes gained culture medium be more suitable for the growth of Pleurotus eryngii so that the Pleurotus eryngii mouthfeel planted is better. It addition, the Pericarpium Zanthoxyli added in culture medium contains the composition of bacteria growing inhibiting, provide a good environment to the growth of Pleurotus eryngii. Coordinate the cultural method of the present invention again so that quality and the yield of Pleurotus eryngii all increase.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme be described further below, but described in the scope claimed is not limited to. Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is done further details of elaboration, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited to the scope that embodiment represents. These embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention, not for restriction the scope of the present invention. Additionally, after reading present disclosure, the present invention can be done various amendment by those skilled in the art, and these equivalent variations fall within appended claims limited range of the present invention equally.
Embodiment 1
Following raw material is weighed by following weight (kilogram):
Potato residues 23 Semen Pini shell 13 pearl white 10 beer residue 8 Semen Maydis powder 8 seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae 8 Pericarpium Zanthoxyli 6 Nafusaku 2
Described potato residues is the by-product after Rhizoma Solani tuber osi extracts starch, and in mass fraction, the starch-containing amount of potato residues is 25%, and described beer residue refers to and manufactures the by-product that medicated beer is remaining. Semen Pini shell, seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli are pulverized, mixes with potato residues, pearl white, beer residue, Semen Maydis powder, Nafusaku, add water, until moisture content in medium accounts for 70% culture medium weight; Culture medium is loaded diameter be 20cm, it is long that in 25cm thin film barrel bag, every bag of weight in wet base is 1 kilogram, pack is wanted rapidly, and the time is 2 hours, in case material is rotten in pocket; Put into autoclave sterilizing after pack, be warming up to 100 DEG C during sterilizing and keep 11 hours, after cooling, take out culture medium bag. By disinfectant, inoculation environment being carried out disinfection sterilization treatment, described disinfectant is weight ratio is the special sterilizing aerosol of the formaldehyde of 2:1 and potassium permanganate mixture or edible fungi. Conventionally technology is to the culture medium inoculated pleurotus eryngii quel strains after sterilizing, has inoculated the ring of diameter 5 centimetres in rear enclosure, and has sealed with newspaper, cultivate and within 31 days, carry out sending out bacterium, control temperature at 18 DEG C, frequent ventilation, keep air fresh, bacterium cylinder is not sprayed water. Management of producing mushroom, the bacterium cylinder of culturing room is moved into mushroom shed, uprightly it is emitted in mushroom shed, continue cultivation, to carry out urging flower bud to process before fruiting, add forced ventilation and widen warm and humid difference, former base is stimulated to be formed, when mycelia kink forms former base and small mushroom bud occurred, open bag, solve opened mouth, will roll over to charge level 2cm under outside for bag film turnup. Fruiting phase mushroom shed relative air humidity is maintained at 80%, when adding water to bacterium cylinder, is not sprayed onto by water on mushroom body, and otherwise sporophore can turn yellow affects quality.
Embodiment 2
Following raw material is weighed by following weight (kilogram):
Potato residues 26 Semen Pini shell 17 pearl white 13 beer residue 11 Semen Maydis powder 9 seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae 9 Pericarpium Zanthoxyli 7 Nafusaku 3
Described potato residues is the by-product after Rhizoma Solani tuber osi extracts starch, and in mass fraction, the starch-containing amount of potato residues is 28%, and described beer residue refers to and manufactures the by-product that medicated beer is remaining. Semen Pini shell, seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli are pulverized, mixes with potato residues, pearl white, beer residue, Semen Maydis powder, Nafusaku, add water, until moisture content in medium accounts for 72% culture medium weight; Culture medium is loaded diameter be 22cm, it is long that in 28cm thin film barrel bag, every bag of weight in wet base is 1 kilogram, pack is wanted rapidly, and the time is 2 hours, in case material is rotten in pocket; Put into autoclave sterilizing after pack, be warming up to 100 DEG C during sterilizing and keep 12 hours, after cooling, take out culture medium bag. By disinfectant, inoculation environment being carried out disinfection sterilization treatment, described disinfectant is weight ratio is the special sterilizing aerosol of the formaldehyde of 2:1 and potassium permanganate mixture or edible fungi. Conventionally technology is to the culture medium inoculated pleurotus eryngii quel strains after sterilizing, has inoculated the ring of diameter 5 centimetres in rear enclosure, and has sealed with newspaper, cultivate and within 32 days, carry out sending out bacterium, control temperature at 20 DEG C, frequent ventilation, keep air fresh, bacterium cylinder is not sprayed water. Management of producing mushroom, the bacterium cylinder of culturing room is moved into mushroom shed, uprightly it is emitted in mushroom shed, continue cultivation, to carry out urging flower bud to process before fruiting, add forced ventilation and widen warm and humid difference, former base is stimulated to be formed, when mycelia kink forms former base and small mushroom bud occurred, open bag, solve opened mouth, will roll over to charge level 2cm under outside for bag film turnup. Fruiting phase mushroom shed relative air humidity is maintained at 82%, when adding water to bacterium cylinder, is not sprayed onto by water on mushroom body, and otherwise sporophore can turn yellow affects quality.
Embodiment 3
Following raw material is weighed by following weight (kilogram):
Potato residues 31 Semen Pini shell 23 pearl white 17 beer residue 12 Semen Maydis powder 12 seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae 11 Pericarpium Zanthoxyli 8 Nafusaku 4
Described potato residues is the by-product after Rhizoma Solani tuber osi extracts starch, and in mass fraction, the starch-containing amount of potato residues is 30%, and described beer residue refers to and manufactures the by-product that medicated beer is remaining. Semen Pini shell, seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli are pulverized, mixes with potato residues, pearl white, beer residue, Semen Maydis powder, Nafusaku, add water, until moisture content in medium accounts for 75% culture medium weight; Culture medium is loaded diameter be 25cm, it is long that in 30cm thin film barrel bag, every bag of weight in wet base is 1 kilogram, pack is wanted rapidly, and the time is 2 hours, in case material is rotten in pocket; Put into autoclave sterilizing after pack, be warming up to 100 DEG C during sterilizing and keep 14 hours, after cooling, take out culture medium bag. By disinfectant, inoculation environment being carried out disinfection sterilization treatment, described disinfectant is weight ratio is the special sterilizing aerosol of the formaldehyde of 2:1 and potassium permanganate mixture or edible fungi. Conventionally technology is to the culture medium inoculated pleurotus eryngii quel strains after sterilizing, has inoculated the ring of diameter 5 centimetres in rear enclosure, and has sealed with newspaper, cultivate and within 36 days, carry out sending out bacterium, control temperature at 25 DEG C, frequent ventilation, keep air fresh, bacterium cylinder is not sprayed water. Management of producing mushroom, the bacterium cylinder of culturing room is moved into mushroom shed, uprightly it is emitted in mushroom shed, continue cultivation, to carry out urging flower bud to process before fruiting, add forced ventilation and widen warm and humid difference, former base is stimulated to be formed, when mycelia kink forms former base and small mushroom bud occurred, open bag, solve opened mouth, will roll over to charge level 2cm under outside for bag film turnup. Fruiting phase mushroom shed relative air humidity is maintained at 85%, when adding water to bacterium cylinder, is not sprayed onto by water on mushroom body, and otherwise sporophore can turn yellow affects quality.

Claims (8)

1. a Pleurotus eryngii culture medium, it is characterised in that described culture medium is made up of following parts by weight raw material:
Potato residues 23��31 parts, 13��23 parts of Semen Pini shell, pearl white 10��17 parts, beer residue 8��12 parts, Semen Maydis powder 8��12 parts, seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae 8��11 parts, 6��8 parts of Pericarpium Zanthoxyli, Nafusaku 2��4 parts.
2. to go the culture medium described in 1 according to right, it is characterised in that described culture medium is made up of following parts by weight raw material:
Potato residues 26 parts, 17 parts of Semen Pini shell, pearl white 13 parts, beer residue 11 parts, Semen Maydis powder 9 parts, seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae 9 parts, 7 parts of Pericarpium Zanthoxyli, Nafusaku 3 parts.
3. to go the culture medium described in 1 according to right, it is characterised in that described potato residues is the by-product after Rhizoma Solani tuber osi extracts starch, and in mass fraction, the starch-containing amount of potato residues is 25��30%.
4. the method using the arbitrary described culture medium Xinbao mushroom culturing of claim 1-3, comprises the following steps:
1) take formula ratio raw material, Semen Pini shell, seedling of Semen arachidis hypogaeae, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli are pulverized, mixes with potato residues, pearl white, beer residue, Semen Maydis powder, Nafusaku, add water, until moisture content in medium accounts for 70��75% culture medium weight;
2) sterilizing after culture medium being packed;
3) to the culture medium inoculated pleurotus eryngii quel strains after sterilizing, cultivate and within 31��36 days, carry out sending out bacterium;
4) carry out the management of producing mushroom of routine, gather in time.
5. Xinbao mushroom culturing forwarding method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that step 2) in culture medium loaded diameter to be 20��25cm, length is the thin film barrel bag of 25��30cm.
6. Xinbao mushroom culturing forwarding method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that step 2) described sterilising temp is 100 DEG C, sterilization time is 11��14 hours.
7. Xinbao mushroom culturing forwarding method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that step 3) a described bacterium temperature of sending out is 18��25 DEG C.
8. Xinbao mushroom culturing forwarding method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that step 4) described management of producing mushroom time, air humidity is 80��85%.
CN201510991195.5A 2015-12-25 2015-12-25 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and cultivation method thereof CN105622262A (en)

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CN106631251A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-10 蚌埠市众星蔬果科技专业合作社联合社 Method for preparing mushroom substrate by potato peels

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106631251A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-10 蚌埠市众星蔬果科技专业合作社联合社 Method for preparing mushroom substrate by potato peels

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