CN105619499A - Control device and control method for controlling sample slice making device through crank - Google Patents

Control device and control method for controlling sample slice making device through crank Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105619499A
CN105619499A CN 201510971832 CN201510971832A CN105619499A CN 105619499 A CN105619499 A CN 105619499A CN 201510971832 CN201510971832 CN 201510971832 CN 201510971832 A CN201510971832 A CN 201510971832A CN 105619499 A CN105619499 A CN 105619499A
Authority
CN
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
device
sample
control
making
slice
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201510971832
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105619499B (en )
Inventor
刘庆伟
董志荣
江泽群
Original Assignee
浙江省金华市科迪仪器设备有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D5/005Computer numerical control means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D5/08Means for actuating the cutting member to effect the cut
    • B26D5/10Hand or foot actuated means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D5/08Means for actuating the cutting member to effect the cut
    • B26D5/14Crank and pin means

Abstract

The invention relates to a sample cutting device, and discloses a control device for controlling a sample slice making device through a crank. The device is characterized by comprising a sample clamping device, a driving device and an induction device, wherein the sample clamping device is arranged on the sample slice making device and used for clamping a sample and keeping the relative distance between the sample and a blade; the driving device is used for pushing and changing the distance of the sample relative to the blade; and the induction device is arranged on a handle of the sample slice making device and can control the pushing stroke of the driving device by inducing the rotating amplitude of the handle. In addition, the invention further discloses a control method applying the device. The control device and method have the beneficial effects that more control manners can be generated through rotation of the handle, the cutting schedule cannot be affected, improvement can be carried out on an existing device, labor intensity of an operator is reduced, and the good application value is achieved.

Description

通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置及控制方法 By controlling the sample producer crank control apparatus and control method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及样品切割装置,特别涉及一种通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置及控制方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a sample cutter device, and particularly relates to a control apparatus and a control method of a sample by a crank production control apparatus.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]样品切割装置是一种在医疗领域经常使用的生物组织样品薄片的制作装置,切割后得到的薄片经过固化染色后,即可以被用于下一步的医疗用途。 [0002] The sample sheet cutting means is a sample of biological tissue production apparatus commonly used in the medical field, after cutting the resulting sheet after curing staining, which can be used in the next medical use. 在其他类似领域中,这些样品切割装置也可以在一定程度上得到应用。 Similarly in other areas, such sample cutter device may be applied to a certain extent.

[0003]现有技术中,手柄被用于控制切割的进度,手柄转动一圈,则向切割装置的驱动器发送信号,令其将样品向刀片推送一定距离,并进行下一次切割。 Progress [0003] In the prior art, the handle is used to control cutting, the handle rotates one revolution, the cutting device driver sends a signal, so that it pushes the sample to the blade at a distance, and a lower cut. 但在实际使用过程中发现,将手柄转动一圈会导致对人体手部肌肉的不当压迫,容易导致手部不适,依照人体手臂结构,手柄转动半圈更为合适,操作也更为容易。 However, in actual use process, one rotation of the handle will cause improper compression human hand muscles, easily lead to discomfort hand, in accordance with the structure of the human arm, the handle is rotated a half turn more appropriate, the operation is easier. 尽管现有技术能够通过改变手柄结构实现半圈的设置,但结构改动较大,且无法对原有的切割装置进行升级改进,成本较高。 Although the prior art can be achieved by changing the half-rings provided a handle structure, but the structure change is large and can not be upgraded to improve the existing cutting apparatus, high cost.

[0004]有鉴于此,有必要研制一种能够在现有的样品切割装置进行安装改进的新型结构。 [0004] In view of this, it is necessary to develop a device capable of cutting a new and improved mounting structure of the conventional sample.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005]本发明针对现有技术无法对现有装置进行较为方便的升级改进的缺点,提供了一种通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置及控制方法,通过增加感应装置,可以令现有的切割装置具备多样的控制方式,确实能够实现改变操作方式和操作习惯的目的。 [0005] The present invention is not carried out for the prior art drawbacks of conventional devices more convenient upgrades, there is provided a control apparatus and a control method for controlling the crank by means of the sample producer, by increasing the sensing device, it can make existing cutting means includes control functionality, can indeed achieve the purpose of changing the operating mode and operating habits.

[0006]为实现上述目的,本发明可采取下述技术方案: [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention may take the following technical scheme:

[0007] —种通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置,包括设置于样品制片装置上的用于夹持样品并保持样品与刀片的相对距离的样品夹持装置、用于推动并改变样品相对于刀片之间距离的驱动装置以及设置在样品制片装置的手柄上能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度控制驱动装置的推动行程大小的感应装置; [0007] - the control means through the crank kinds of sample production control apparatus, comprising a sample holding means provided in the relative distance for gripping and holding the sample with the sample on the sample producer blade means for urging and change the sample relative to the distance between the blades and the drive means provided on the handle means is capable of controlling the sample producer push stroke sensing device size by driving means of the rotation rate sensing controller;

[0008]其中,所述感应装置能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度的改变、转动方向的改变或者转动幅度和转动方向的同时改变而产生相应的信号,并将信号传递至驱动装置; [0008] wherein, said sensing means capable of changing the rotation rate of the sensing by the handle, while changing the rotation rate or the rotational direction and rotational direction of change to produce the corresponding signals, and a signal is transmitted to the driving means;

[0009]所述驱动装置收到信号后通过样品夹持装置推动样品朝向刀片前进或者后退; Sample holding means by the pushing means after the received signal [0009] of the sample toward the blade driving forward or backward;

[0010]所述手柄具有一水平设置的转轴;手柄通过与样品夹持装置控制样品的垂直方向上的移动以便于实现对样品的切割。 [0010] The handle has a horizontally disposed shaft; movement in the vertical direction of the handle by means of a control sample in order to achieve the sample holder of the sample cut.

[0011]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,所述感应装置包括设置于手柄的转轴周围的感应单元;所述感应单元随手柄的转动围绕转轴转动并可以在转动到预定位置时实现控制驱动装置的推动行程。 [0011] Furthermore, as an alternative embodiment, the present application embodiment, the sensing means comprises a handle disposed around the shaft sensing unit; the sensing means rotates with the rotation of the handle about the axis and may be achieved when rotated to a predetermined position of the control push stroke drive device.

[0012]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,所述相邻的感应单元之间均匀间隔。 [0012] Furthermore, as an alternative embodiment, the interval between the uniform application of the present embodiment, the adjacent sensing units.

[0013]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,所述感应装置还包括与所述感应装置相分离的信号产生装置;所述信号产生装置相对所述转轴固定设置,并且能够通过感应与感应装置之间的相对移动产生所述驱动装置能够识别的信号。 [0013] Furthermore, as an alternative embodiment, the present application embodiment, the sensing means further comprises a signal to said sensing means generating phase separation means; said signal generating means relative to said fixed shaft set, and is capable of generating a signal to the drive means can be identified by the relative movement between the sensor and the sensing device.

[0014] —种应用上述的控制装置的控制方法,所述感应装置在手柄转动未满半圈时即向所述驱动装置发送信号控制样品夹持装置推动样品。 [0014] - a method of controlling the above-described control apparatus of applications, the sensing means when said handle means is rotated ie less than half a turn transmits a signal to control the sample holder driving means pushing said sample.

[0015]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中所述感应装置延迟直至手柄转动接近半圈时向所述驱动装置发送信号。 [0015] Furthermore, as an alternative embodiment, the embodiments of the present application, the delay until the handle rotation sensing device sends a signal to the drive means to close a half turn.

[0016]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,所述感应单元为设置于感应装置上的通孔;所述通孔用于切断位于预定位置的光源从而产生所述信号。 [0016] Furthermore, as an alternative embodiment, the present application embodiment, the sensing unit is a through hole provided in the sensing means; a light source for cutting the through hole located at a predetermined position to generate said signal.

[0017]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,所述通孔的朝向手柄的反向转动方向的边缘形成控制装置I,所述控制装置I在经过预定位置时形成信号I;所述通孔的朝向手柄的转动方向的边缘形成控制装置II,所述控制装置II在经过预定位置时形成信号II。 [0017] Furthermore, as an alternative embodiment, the present application embodiment, the edge of the handle toward the reverse rotational direction of the through hole formed in the control device I, the control means passes a predetermined position in the I forming the signal I; the edge of the handle toward the rotational direction of the through hole formed in the control means II, the control means II are formed when the signal passes a predetermined position II.

[0018] 进一步地,还记载了一种应用上述的控制装置的控制方法,所述驱动装置记录信号I以及信号II的数量,并在达到一预设的数量后改变样品夹持装置移动的方向。 [0018] Further, also describes a method for controlling application of said control means, means for recording the number of signal I and II of the drive signal, and change the direction of the sample holding means to move after reaching a predetermined number of .

[0019]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,通过改变预设位置的位置来改变切割的薄片的厚薄。 [0019] Furthermore, as an alternative embodiment, the present application embodiment, the sheet thickness is changed by changing the position of the cutting preset position.

[0020]本发明具有以下的显著技术效果: [0020] The present invention has the following significant technical effects:

[0021]能够方便地在现有的样品切割装置上通过安装一个感应装置得到,改装成本低廉,结构简单,当然也可以应用于全新的切割装置。 [0021] can be easily cut in conventional apparatus by mounting a sample on a sensing device to give low conversion cost, simple structure, of course, also be applied to a new cutting apparatus. 通过加装感应装置,可以感应手柄转动时的手势姿态,从而增加手柄能够控制的方式。 By the installation of sensing means may sense the gesture when the gesture handle is turned, thereby increasing of the grip can be controlled.

[0022]进一步地,只需要转动一个较小的幅度即可以实现原有的切割功能,且可以通过判断转动幅度的大小来控制切割得到的薄片的厚度大小。 [0022] Further, only a small amplitude of rotation i.e. the original cutting function can be achieved, and may be controlled thickness size obtained by cutting the sheet to determine the size of the rotation rate.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023]图1为通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置的大致结构示意图。 [0023] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a control means substantially by means of the sample producer of a control crank.

[0024]图2为通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制方法的大致流程示意图。 [0024] FIG 2 is a general flow diagram of the control crank control device production method of a sample.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0025]下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步的详细描述。 [0025] The following embodiments in conjunction with embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail.

[0026] 实施例1 [0026] Example 1

[0027]如题I所示,一种通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置,包括设置于样品制片装置上的用于夹持样品并保持样品与刀片的相对距离的样品夹持装置100、用于推动并改变样品相对于刀片之间距离的驱动装置200以及设置在样品制片装置的手柄300上能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度控制驱动装置200的推动行程大小的感应装置301;其中,所述感应装置301能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度的改变、转动方向的改变或者转动幅度和转动方向的同时改变而产生相应的信号,并将信号传递至驱动装置200。 [0027] As shown in the title I A control crank by means of the sample producer apparatus, comprising a sample holder disposed in the device 100 for clamping the relative distance of the sample and holding a sample on the sample to the blade production means, and for pushing the drive means changing the sample relative to the distance between the blade 200 and the handle 300 is provided on the sample production apparatus capable of controlling the rotation driving means by sensing the amplitude of the sensing device 301 of the handle 200 of the push stroke size; wherein the said sensing device 301 can be induced by changing the rotation rate of the handle, while changing the rotation rate or the rotational direction and rotational direction of change to produce the corresponding signals, and the signal is transmitted to the driving means 200. 本实施例所记载的控制装置适用于对样品制片装置的制片过程的控制,样品制片装置用于制造病理或者类似医疗领域需要使用的薄片,该制得的薄片在经过固化染色后,可以显示样品内部的一些结构信息,从而作为观察生物组织的细部结构的应用。 The control device of the present embodiment described embodiment is adapted to control the production process samples of the production apparatus, means for producing a pathological sample producer sheet or the like used in the medical field require, after the cured sheet prepared after dyeing, Some structural information can be displayed inside the sample, such as the application to observe the detail of the structure of biological tissues. 需要指出的是,该薄片的制造和产生并不能仅仅局限于直接地被用于诊断疾病。 It should be noted that the manufacture and production of the sheet, and not be confined to be used in the diagnosis directly. 样品制片装置的进一步的延伸应用还包括与医疗较为接近的其他领域,例如食品或者其他在本领域技术人员可知的领域,在要求较高的或者恰当的精度,以及使用者能够半自动或者自动地控制薄片的切割进程的场合,均可以使用。 Application of further extension of the sample producer further comprises a means other areas closer to the medical, such as food or other areas known to those skilled in high precision required or appropriate, and the user can semi-automatically or automatically control sheet where the cutting process, can be used.

[0028]样品夹持装置100上用于夹持样品的部分采用钳式结构,通过一个由样品两侧向样品施加压力的装置实现样品的相对于样品夹持装置100的固定。 Phase means [0028] portion for holding a sample on the sample holding means 100 using clamp structure, by applying pressure from both sides of a sample to the sample to achieve a sample is fixed to the sample holder of the apparatus 100. 作为一种切割上的简化,刀片的锋刃被垂直向上地进行放置,这通常要求样品能够在垂直的方向上改变与刀片的距离以实现切割,但作为其他的可选的方案,也可以将刀片朝向其他方向,在此时,则样品的切割方向需要做适当的调整以适应刀片。 As a simplification cutting blade of the blade are disposed vertically upward performed, which typically requires that the sample can be varied to achieve a distance from the cutting blade in the vertical direction, but as another alternative embodiment, can also the blade toward the other direction, in this case, the cutting direction of the sample required to make the appropriate adjustments to suit the blade. 为了能够实现切割,在本实施例中,样品夹持装置100还必须被置于一个与手柄300联动的垂直位移装置上,如下所述,垂直位移装置图示未示出,在刀片的朝向并非垂直向上的情况下,该垂直位移装置也可以实现样品夹持装置100在其他方向上的位移改变。 In order to enable cutting, in the present embodiment, the sample holding means 100 must also be placed on a vertical displacement means in conjunction with the handle 300, as described below, illustrating the vertical displacement means, not shown, not toward the blade in the case of vertically upward, the vertical displacement of the sample holder device may also be implemented in apparatus 100 changes the displacement of the other direction.

[0029]驱动装置200可以采用步进电机,通过一个丝杆控制样品夹持装置100在水平方向上的位移,特别是需要控制在水平方向上,样品夹持装置100与刀片102之间的距离,这涉及到切割得到的样品厚度能否均一,且厚度大小能否满足相关领域的使用需要。 [0029] The drive apparatus 200 may be a stepping motor, a sample holding means by the lead screw 100 to control the displacement in the horizontal direction, in particular the need to control the horizontal direction, the distance between the sample holder 100 with the blade 102 this involves a sample obtained by cutting can uniform thickness, size and thickness can meet the needs of the related art. 步进电机的选择是可以利用电信号实现位移进程的控制。 Select the stepper motor can achieve an electrical signal to control the displacement process.

[0030]所述驱动装置200收到信号后通过样品夹持装置100推动样品101朝向刀片102前进或者后退。 [0030] Upon receipt of the drive signal 100 by the sample holding means 200 pushing apparatus 101 toward the blade 102 samples forward or backward.

[0031]所述手柄300具有一水平设置的转轴,手柄300通常包括一曲柄以及安装在曲柄上的手持部分,图示未示出;手柄300通过与样品夹持装置100控制样品的垂直方向上的移动以便于实现对样品的切割,该切割是通过将手柄300的旋转和样品夹持装置100在垂直方向上的联动实现的,通过曲柄或者类似结构,手柄300在转动时造成的垂直方向上距离的改变通过垂直位移装置被传递至样品切割装置,实现推动样品切割装置的目的。 [0031] The handle 300 has a horizontally disposed shaft, a crank handle 300 generally comprises a handle portion and mounted on the crank, not shown shown; the vertical direction of the control handle 100 through the sample 300 to the sample holding means in order to achieve movement of the sample cutting, the cutting is caused by the vertical direction, by a crank or similar structure, the handle 300 is rotated in the linkage 100 in the vertical direction of the rotation handle 300 and the sample holding means implemented by changing the distance of the vertical displacement means is transmitted to the sample cutting device, to achieve the purpose of promoting the sample cutting device. 垂直位移装置306通过一个在垂直向的沟槽中滑动的部件实现,此外,在考虑更多的精度要求的情况下,也可以采用与水平位移相类似的丝杆系统,或者也可以采用类似的能够实现上述功能的结构。 Vertical displacement means 306 by a vertical sliding member implemented in the trench, in addition, in consideration of the case where more accuracy requirements, and the horizontal displacement of the screw similar system may be used, or may be similar to the above-described structure functions can be realized. 进一步需要指出的是,和样品夹持装置100在水平方向上的位移不同,在垂直方向上的位移要求迅速和稳定,且实现位移所需要的力不应当过大,借助样品夹持装置100本身的重力实现移动是较为适当的,具体如下所述。 Further it is noted that, the sample holding means 100 and displacement in the horizontal direction different from the displacement in the vertical direction requires rapid and stable, and to achieve the required force-displacement should not be too large, by means of the sample holder apparatus 100 itself the movement of the gravity is more appropriate, as described below.

[0032]进一步地,所述感应装置301包括设置于手柄的转轴周围的感应单元302,通常会在手柄300的周向设置一个相对于转轴303固定的预定位置,该预定位置是可调的,感应装置经过该预定位置时可以产生信号;所述感应单元302随手柄300的转动围绕转轴303转动并可以在转动到预定位置时实现控制驱动装置200的推动行程,由于感应单元302位于手柄300周围,因此在转动手柄300的过程中,不同的感应单元302被依次转到预定位置时,即可以发出连续的信号,这些信号可以是断续的,也可以是完全连续的。 [0032] Further, the sensing device 301 includes a handle disposed around the rotating shaft 302 of the sensing unit, usually a fixed predetermined relative position of the rotary shaft 303 is provided at the periphery of the handle 300, the predetermined position is adjustable, sensing means may generate a signal that passes the predetermined position; the sensing unit 302 is rotated with the rotation of the handle about the axis 303 300 and controlling the driving means may be implemented in a push stroke 200 is rotated to a predetermined position, the sensing unit 302 positioned around the handle 300 Therefore during the rotation of the handle 300, different sensing unit 302 is sequentially transferred a predetermined position, which can emit continuous signals, these signals may be discontinuous, may be completely continuous. 这些信号到达驱动装置200后,即可以实现对驱动装置200的控制从而推动样品夹持装置100。 These signals arrive after the drive apparatus 200, i.e., the driving apparatus can be realized to drive the control sample 200 of the holding means 100.

[0033]进一步地,所述相邻的感应单元302之间均匀间隔。 [0033] Further, the adjacent uniform spacing between the sensing unit 302. 现有的类似装置中,感应单元302的设置是非均匀的,这样设置是考虑了在切割样品时,应当保持样品夹持装置100相对于刀片102在水平方向上的相对距离的固定不变。 Similarly in the conventional apparatus, the sensing unit 302 provided in non-uniform, this setting is considered when cutting the sample, the sample holder 100 should remain fixed with respect to the relative distance means the blade 102 in the horizontal direction. 但在本实施例中,为了能够利用操作者转动手柄300的手势产生更多的不同控制方式,选择了将感应单元302均匀间隔设置的形式。 However, in the present embodiment, in order to utilize the operator turns the handle 300 to generate a gesture more different control mode selected form the sensing unit 302 evenly spaced. 此外,还有利于制造,降低成本。 In addition, there is conducive to manufacturing and reduce costs.

[0034]进一步地,作为另一种可选的方案,所述感应装置301还包括与所述感应装置301相分离的信号产生装置304,而非直接由感应单元302产生信号;所述信号产生装置304相对所述转轴303固定设置,并且能够通过感应与感应装置301之间的相对移动产生所述驱动装置200能够识别的信号。 [0034] Further, as another alternative embodiment, the sensing device 301 further comprises means 301 with the signal of the induced phase separation means 304, rather than directly by the sensing unit generates a signal 302; the signal generating device 304 relative to the fixed shaft 303, and can generate the drive signal by the device 200 can recognize the relative movement between the sensor and the sensing device 301. 信号产生装置304被设置与所述的预定位置,因此无需另行在预定位置设定其他能够触发感应单元302的机构。 Signal generator is provided with a predetermined position of the apparatus 304, and therefore no need to separately set the trigger mechanism can be other sensing unit 302 in a predetermined position. 其次,在此方案下,感应单元302自身无需直接产生信号,有利于降低感应单元302的制造成本,也减少了控制信号的传输路径。 Secondly, in this embodiment, the sensing unit 302 itself need not directly produce a signal, help to reduce the manufacturing cost of the sensing unit 302, but also reduces the transmission path of the control signal. 在此方案下,由于感应单元302无需产生信号,因此可以简化感应单元302的结构,进一步降低制造成本。 In this embodiment, since the sensing unit 302 without generating a signal, it is possible to simplify the structure of the sensing unit 302, to further reduce the manufacturing cost.

[0035] 实施例2 [0035] Example 2

[0036] 如图2所示,一种应用上述实施例1记载的控制装置的控制方法,所述感应装置301在手柄300转动未满半圈时即向所述驱动装置200发送信号控制样品夹持装置100推动样品。 [0036] 2 A method for controlling a control apparatus of the first embodiment described in the application, the sensing device 301 in the handle 300 is rotated namely the drive means when the transmission signal is less than half a turn control sample clamp 200 sample holding means 100 pushed. 如上所述,在转动手柄300时将会不断地产生信号,通过对这些信号进行筛选,可以通过计数信号的数目来判断是否已经到达半圈,但本实施例中,在计数时发现未达半圈时,则不将信号传输至驱动装置200或者对信号进行改变,令驱动装置200保持现有状态不进行改变,只有转动手柄300即将到达半圈,但尚未到达半圈时,即恢复信号的传输,即将信号发送至驱动装置200或者恢复原有信号从而令驱动装置200做相应动作。 As described above, will continue to generate a signal upon turning the handle 300, through the screening of these signals can be determined by counting the number of signals has reached a half-circle, in the present embodiment, the count was found in less than half when ring, not transmit signals to the drive means 200 or the signal changes, so that the drive apparatus 200 does not change the current state remains, only the rotation of the handle 300 is about to reach the semi-circle, but has not yet reached a half turn, the signal is restored transmission, i.e. the signal sent to the drive apparatus 200 to restore the original signal or the driving means 200 so as to make the operation accordingly. 在实际的操作中,操作者通过转动半圈的方式控制样品的切割时,手柄的转动往往是不达到半圈的,此时更符合人体或者其他生物的操作仪器的舒适性要求。 In practical operation, the operator to control the cutting of the sample by way of a half turn, rotation of the handle is often not reach the semi-circle, in which case more in line with the comfort requirements of the human or other organisms operation of the instrument.

[0037] 进一步地,所述感应装置301延迟直至手柄300转动接近半圈时向所述驱动装置200发送信号。 [0037] Further, the sensing device 301 is delayed until the handle 300 is rotated 200 sends a signal to the drive means near half circle. 换而言之,手柄300转动尚未接近半圈时,则信号不向驱动装置200发送。 In other words, the handle 300 is rotated half a turn is not close, then the signal is not transmitted to the driving device 200.

[0038] 实施例3 [0038] Example 3

[0039] 进一步地,本实施例在上述的实施例1的基础上,所述感应单元302为设置于感应装置301上的通孔305;所述通孔305用于切断位于预定位置的光源从而产生所述信号。 [0039] Further, the present embodiment based on the above-described embodiment 1 on, the sensing unit 302 is disposed in the through hole 305 on the sensing device 301; the through hole 305 for cutting at a predetermined position of the light source so that generating said signal.

[0040]进一步地,所述通孔的朝向手柄的反向转动方向的边缘形成控制装置1305a,所述控制装置1305a在经过预定位置时形成信号I;所述通孔305的朝向手柄的转动方向的边缘形成控制装置11305b,所述控制装置11305b在经过预定位置时形成信号II。 [0040] Further, the edge of the handle toward the reverse rotational direction of the through hole 1305a formed in the control apparatus, said control means signals I 1305a is formed at a predetermined position passes; rotational direction toward the handle 305 of the through hole control means forming an edge 11305b, 11305b forming the control means passes a signal II at the predetermined position. 光源在经过通孔的边缘后,则产生了相应的不同的信号,在不同朝向的通孔边缘上,光源可以产生不同的信号,有利于进一步分析信号产生更多的控制方式。 After the light source edge of the through hole, then produced the corresponding different signals, through holes on the edge of different orientations, the light source may produce different signals, facilitate further analysis of signals generated more control. 这些通孔是均匀间隔地分布于转轴303周向上,通过将感应单元302设置为通孔,不仅简化了感应单元302的设置,还增加了信号的触发数量。 These through-holes are distributed evenly spaced in the rotating shaft direction 303 weeks, the sensing unit 302 is provided by a through hole, not only simplifies the setting of the induction unit 302, but also increases the number of trigger signals.

[0041 ] 实施例4 [0041] Example 4

[0042] 一种应用上述实施例3记载的控制装置的控制方法,所述驱动装置200记录信号I以及信号II的数量,并在达到一预设的数量后改变样品夹持装置100移动的方向。 Apparatus control method [0042] Application of the above described Example 3, the drive 200 records the number of signal I and signal II means, holding means and changing the direction of movement of the sample 100 after reaching a predetermined number of . 可以通过计数来持续地积累信号I和信号II的数量,满足条件后即可触发方向的改变。 It may be continuously accumulated number of signals I and II, by counting the signals, to trigger condition is satisfied after changing direction. 该方法的优点在于可以提高容错性,由于两组信号分别计数,即便一组信号产生错误,也可以十分容易地由另一组信号发现。 The advantage of this method is that it can increase fault tolerance, since the two signals are counted, even a set of error signals, can be easily found out by another set of signals.

[0043]进一步地,通过改变预设位置的位置来改变切割的薄片的厚薄。 [0043] Further, the thickness of the sheet is changed by changing the position of the cutting preset position. 在此情形之下,预设位置是可变的,相当于信号产生装置304的位置是可变的,但感应装置301本身是无法判断预设位置的具体位置的,在预设位置改变后,初始半圈能够积累的信号数量发生改变,但其后的半圈能够积累的信号数量则不会改变,通过计算初始半圈的信号数量可以控制切割的薄片的厚度。 Under such circumstances, the preset position is variable, corresponding to the position signal generating means 304 is variable, but sensing device 301 itself is unable to determine the specific location of the preset position, in a predetermined position after the change, the initial number of signals to accumulate semi-circle is changed, but the number of signals to accumulate subsequent half rotation is not changed, the number of the signal by calculating an initial half turn control the thickness of the sheet can be cut.

[0044]总之,以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例,凡依本发明申请专利范围所作的均等变化与修饰,皆应属本发明专利的涵盖范围。 [0044] In summary, the above description is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, where the invention under this patent application modifications and alterations made by the range, also belong to the scope of the present invention patent.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置,其特征在于,包括设置于样品制片装置上的用于夹持样品并保持样品与刀片的相对距离的样品夹持装置(100)、用于推动并改变样品相对于刀片之间距离的驱动装置(200)以及设置在样品制片装置的手柄(300)上能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度控制驱动装置(200)的推动行程大小的感应装置(301); 其中,所述感应装置(301)能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度的改变、转动方向的改变或者转动幅度和转动方向的同时改变而产生相应的信号,并将信号传递至驱动装置(200); 所述驱动装置(200)收到信号后通过样品夹持装置(100)推动样品(101)朝向刀片前进或者后退; 所述手柄(300)具有一水平设置的转轴;手柄(300)通过与样品夹持装置(100)控制样品的垂直方向上的移动以便于实现对样品的切割。 A control crank by means of the sample producer apparatus, wherein the sample holder includes means (100) for clamping the relative distance of the sample and holding a sample on the sample to the blade production means, and for pushing the drive means changing the sample relative to the distance between the blades (200) disposed on the handle (300) capable of controlling a sample production apparatus by the rotation driving means sensing the amplitude of the handle (200) sensing the size of the push stroke means (301); wherein said sensing means (301) can be induced by changing the rotation rate of the handle, while changing the rotation rate or the rotational direction and rotational direction to produce the corresponding signal change, the signal transmitted to the driving means and (200); said drive means (200) upon receipt of a signal sample by a sample holder pushing means (100) (101) forward or backward toward the blade; the handle (300) having a horizontally disposed shaft; a handle (300 ) in the vertical direction by moving the sample holding means (100) in order to achieve a control sample of the sample cut.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的控制装置,其特征在于,所述感应装置(301)包括设置于手柄的转轴周围的感应单元(302);所述感应单元(302)随手柄(300)的转动围绕转轴(303)转动并可以在转动到预定位置时实现控制驱动装置(200)的推动行程。 The control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said sensing means (301) comprises a handle disposed around the shaft sensing unit (302); the sensing unit (302) with a handle (300) rotatable about the axis rotation push stroke (303) and controlling the driving means can be realized when rotated to a predetermined position (200).
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的控制装置,其特征在于,所述相邻的感应单元(302)之间均匀间隔。 The control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said uniform spacing between adjacent sensing unit (302).
  4. 4.根据权利要求1-3任一所述的控制装置,其特征在于,所述感应装置(301)还包括与所述感应装置(301)相分离的信号产生装置(304);所述信号产生装置(304)相对所述转轴(303)固定设置,并且能够通过感应与感应装置(301)之间的相对移动产生所述驱动装置(200)能够识别的信号。 4. The control apparatus according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein said sensing means (301) further comprising a sensing device (301) separate from the signal generating means (304); said signal generating means (304) relative to the shaft (303) is fixed, and can generate the drive signal means (200) can be identified by sensing the relative movement between the sensing means (301).
  5. 5.—种应用上述权利要求1-4任一所述的控制装置的控制方法,其特征在于,所述感应装置(301)在手柄(300)转动未满半圈时即向所述驱动装置(200)发送信号控制样品夹持装置(100)推动样品。 The control method of any of claims 1-4 control apparatus according to a variety of applications 5.- preceding claims, wherein said sensing means (301) in the handle (300) when rotated ie less than half a turn of the driving means (200) transmits a control signal sample holding means (100) pushing the sample.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的控制方法,其特征在于,所述感应装置(301)延迟直至手柄(300)转动接近半圈时向所述驱动装置(200)发送信号。 The control method according to claim 5, wherein said sensing means (301) is delayed until the handle (300) to transmit rotation of said drive means (200) close to a half turn signal.
  7. 7.根据权利要求2或者3所述的控制装置,其特征在于,所述感应单元(302)为设置于感应装置(301)上的通孔(305);所述通孔(305)用于切断位于预定位置的光源从而产生所述信号。 The control device of claim 2 or claim 3, wherein the sensing unit (302) is a sensing device disposed in the through hole (305) on (301); said through-hole (305) for a light source located at a predetermined cutting position so as to generate said signal.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的控制装置,其特征在于,所述通孔的朝向手柄的反向转动方向的边缘形成控制装置I(305a),所述控制装置I(305a)在经过预定位置时形成信号I;所述通孔(305)的朝向手柄的转动方向的边缘形成控制装置II (305b),所述控制装置II (305b)在经过预定位置时形成信号II。 The control apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that the edge of the handle toward the reverse rotational direction of the through hole formed in the control apparatus I (305a), through said control means in a predetermined position I (305a) forming the signal I; the edge of the handle toward the rotational direction of the through hole (305) forming a control apparatus II (305b), formed when the signal passes a predetermined position II the control means II (305b).
  9. 9.一种应用上述权利要求7或者8所述的控制装置的控制方法,其特征在于,所述驱动装置(200)记录信号I以及信号II的数量,并在达到一预设的数量后改变样品夹持装置(100)移动的方向。 A method of applying the above control of claim 7 or 8, said control means, characterized in that said drive means (200) the number of signal I and signal II is recorded, and after reaching a predetermined change in the number of sample holding means (100) direction of movement.
  10. 10.根据权利要求9所述的控制方法,其特征在于,通过改变预设位置的位置来改变切割的薄片的厚薄。 10. The control method according to claim 9, wherein the cutting thickness of the sheet is changed by changing the position of the preset position.
CN 201510971832 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 By controlling the sample producer crank control apparatus and control method CN105619499B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201510971832 CN105619499B (en) 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 By controlling the sample producer crank control apparatus and control method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201510971832 CN105619499B (en) 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 By controlling the sample producer crank control apparatus and control method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105619499A true true CN105619499A (en) 2016-06-01
CN105619499B CN105619499B (en) 2017-09-26

Family

ID=56035034

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201510971832 CN105619499B (en) 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 By controlling the sample producer crank control apparatus and control method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105619499B (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5697278A (en) * 1995-09-28 1997-12-16 Shun-Yi; Wang Apparatus for shape cutting
US6042280A (en) * 1995-05-25 2000-03-28 Brother Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Tape label printing device
CN2387249Y (en) * 1999-08-12 2000-07-12 庆丰富实业股份有限公司 Cutting-off machine for shutter
CN2394768Y (en) * 1999-09-23 2000-09-06 博罗县石湾镇艾维制品厂 Bench type paper cutter
CN201069415Y (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-06-04 浙江省金华市科迪仪器有限公司 A biologic tissue slicer
CN104708658A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-06-17 南通理工学院 Foam cutter

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6042280A (en) * 1995-05-25 2000-03-28 Brother Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Tape label printing device
US5697278A (en) * 1995-09-28 1997-12-16 Shun-Yi; Wang Apparatus for shape cutting
CN2387249Y (en) * 1999-08-12 2000-07-12 庆丰富实业股份有限公司 Cutting-off machine for shutter
CN2394768Y (en) * 1999-09-23 2000-09-06 博罗县石湾镇艾维制品厂 Bench type paper cutter
CN201069415Y (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-06-04 浙江省金华市科迪仪器有限公司 A biologic tissue slicer
CN104708658A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-06-17 南通理工学院 Foam cutter

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CN105619499B (en) 2017-09-26 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102077856A (en) Machine for cleaning and slicing animal intestines
US20040149106A1 (en) Microtome
CN101702277A (en) Virtual and artificial force feedback surgical instrument
US2175426A (en) Wire-coiling machine
CN101216379A (en) Stalk cutting test device and method
US20080261775A1 (en) Wheel assembly of exercise machine capable of presetting resistance parameters
US6758079B2 (en) Coil spring forming machine
CN201625996U (en) Automatic cutting device of double-wall corrugated pipe
CN203992593U (en) Pipe fitting cutting system
CN201217227Y (en) Cutting machine
CN202474526U (en) Novel computer wire cutting and stripping machine
CN102291534A (en) Temperature space camera auto-focus system
CN101721139A (en) Pot-turning device and cooking device using same
US2887967A (en) Needle-jogging mechanisms for sewing machines
CN103157738A (en) Metal wire rod precision alignment cutting device and method
US2924101A (en) Apparatus for operating a physiotherapeutic instrument or other device
CN202167753U (en) Wire rod stripping machine
US20100000390A1 (en) Linear movement length setting for rotary microtome
CN201630350U (en) Automatic cutting table provided with rotary notch cutting device
CN102003515A (en) Mechanism for realizing adjustable equipment rotating angle
CN2202964Y (en) Quick bending cutting moulding machine for resistance element
CN203994011U (en) Wiring harness protecting corrugated pipe cutting machine
CN102683000A (en) Winding machine
US20080289510A1 (en) Pan-Turning Method and Device Thereof
CN202412905U (en) Front lay adjusting device of die cutting machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01