CN105617798A - Air-conveying type ultrasonic wave micron-grade dry fog dust suppression system and method - Google Patents

Air-conveying type ultrasonic wave micron-grade dry fog dust suppression system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105617798A
CN105617798A CN201610142587.9A CN201610142587A CN105617798A CN 105617798 A CN105617798 A CN 105617798A CN 201610142587 A CN201610142587 A CN 201610142587A CN 105617798 A CN105617798 A CN 105617798A
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water
atomization
water tank
controller
pipeline
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刘坤
刘丹
张青松
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刘坤
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/06Spray cleaning
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/06Polluted air
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/281Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using inorganic sorbents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/42Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by ion-exchange
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • C02F1/441Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis by reverse osmosis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions

Abstract

The invention relates to an air-conveying type ultrasonic wave micron-grade dry fog dust suppression system and method. The system comprises a water quality filtering and softening device, a water storage tank, a dry fog dust suppression device and a local controller. An adjustable atomization plate in the dry fog dust suppression device scatters and atomizes a constant-temperature water source which is filtered and softened through the water quality filtering and softening device in the water storage tank, a large amount of micron-grade dry fog and negative ions are produced, a frequency conversion high pressure centrifugal fan in the dry fog dust suppression device blows the large amount of micron-grade dry fog and negative ions out of the dry fog dust suppression device, then the dust is adsorbed, condensed and precipitated, and therefore the purpose of dust removal is achieved. Millimeter-grade visible dust particles can be effectively treated, micrometer-grade inhalable dust particles can also be effectively treated, pollution of dust on the atmosphere is lowered, the work environment of on-site workers is improved, and occupational disease occurrence rate is lowered; the system is small in occupied area, safe and convenient to operate and high in practicability and is controlled in a full-automatic mode.

Description

A kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to dust suppression refining plant field, it is specifically related to a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system and method.
Background technology
At present, China pneumoconiosis patient gets more and more, and pneumoconiosis has become occupational illness first place, accounts for total occupational illness 76%, and industry is respectively coal, non-ferrous metal and building materials. Wherein coal relevant industries account for again more than 46%, and increase year by year, it is seen that the sanitary condition in dust work place does not obtain basic improvement, and dust is the direct inducement of pneumoconiosis, so dust disposal is extremely urgent.
Dust suppression administer main to as if 150 ��m below dust granules, particularly the sucked dust granules of diameter below 10 ��m, although its in material total amount proportion less than 1%, but it is very big to the injury of the person, being the main contributor causing the occupational illness such as pneumoconiosis, the health and lives of the mankind in serious threat. And in existing dedusting dust suppression technology, the improvement that uncontrollable discharge pollutes less than 10 ��m inhalable dust (PM10) does not have basic governance approach. Present dust removal installation more consideration initial stage drops into and does not consider the operation maintenance cost in later stage, emphatically it is considered that to the improvement of visible dust (person of outstanding talent's rice level), and have ignored the improvement to human body inhalable dust (micron order).
Existing dust removal installation mainly contains following several:
The first, sack cleaner, is mainly extracted in sack cleaner by the mixture of ash and air, by the filteration of cloth bag, by ash and air separation, air enters air by cloth bag is inner through the outlet of negative pressure blower fan, ash, due to the effect of gravity, falls into ash storehouse through blocking valve. There is following shortcoming: (1) cloth bag water-absorbent is big, it is easy to fouling, not antistatic, not fire-retardant, and long term operation air permeability is poor, affects dust removing effects; (2) fly-ash separator produces secondary pollution in deashing process; (3) fly-ash separator is grey clearly unreasonable and section's class hour can not cause energy loss; (4) equipment is easily aging, maintenance cost height, and maintenance load is big, it may also be useful to the life-span is short, and floor space is bigger; (5) when source of pollution disperse, dust is difficult to collect, and when some characteristic dust (as: coal dust) reach finite concentration, will blast in the situation of high temperature, naked light, electrical spark, friction, shock; (6) selecting the characteristic that must consider dusty gas during filtrate, its filtrate of general requirement has the features such as corruption wear-resisting, resistance to, resistance are low, long service life, thus adds the manufacturing expense of filter bag; (7) character of filtrate determines sack cleaner and has limitation relative to dust; 8) regulation effect is poor, although discharge value reaches 50 milligrams/cubic metre of country's permission, but 10 milligrams/cubic metre that pollute that on-the-spot improvement index does not all reach national regulation.
2nd kind, electric precipitator, when mainly dusty gas is by high tension electrostatic field, make grit charged, under the effect of electrical forces, charged grit is made to deposit on circuit board, after dust deposits to certain thickness, shaken by rapping and fall in ash bucket and by ash-valve, ash is drained, thus reached the object of dedusting. There is following shortcoming: (1) once invests height, steel consumption amount is big; (2) electric precipitator requires higher making and installation precision usually, otherwise can not ensure that it runs normally and efficiently; (3) floor space is bigger owing to field gas velocity is lower for electric precipitator; (4) handled dust be there are certain requirements by electric precipitator, the dust beyond optimum range, adopts electric precipitation will have corresponding measure, could ensure necessary dust removal performance.
The third, spraying and dedusting, mainly before belt deflector chute, the position such as section installs water spray system additional, makes the humidity increase of coal reach the object not easily playing dirt. There is following shortcoming: (1) water loss is huge; (2) the calorific value loss of coal is big; (3) coal mud clearing causes the loss of coal and increases coal slime processing cost; (4) regulation effect difference cannot reach the standard of 10 milligrams/cubic metre of national regulation.
4th kind, unpowered dedusting, uses aerodynamic principle, adopts pressure equilibrium and closed loop circulation style, reduces the pressure of blanking bucket class dust air to greatest extent, makes it to tend to balance with external air pressure. Material can produce a large amount of negative-pressure air-flows when falling, and dust, under the guiding of negative-pressure air-flow, moves at enclosed space internal recycle, clashing into pressure plate, translational motion turns into curvilinear motion, reduces the potential energy of self, dirt lowers under gravity, reaches the object of dedusting. There is following shortcoming: (1) investment is big; (2) dust catching rate is low; (3) horizontal pipe easily blocks, and affects capture rate; (4) purification efficiency lower (being generally 40% to 50%); (5) floor space is big.
5th kind, single fluid high pressure dry fog dedusting, through high pressure ceramic plunger pump, pressurizes water through piping, by high-pressure nozzle atomizing, is being connected to dirt point by pipeline, is reaching the object of dedusting. There is following shortcoming: (1) nozzle easily blocks; (2) equipment failure rate height, maintenance cost height; (3) for the dust of sports equipment, the regulation effect playing dirt point can only reach 30% to 40%; (4) due to spray nozzle clogging, pipeline connection is easily quick-fried opens; (5) safety coefficient is low, is, by high-pressure pump, water is pressurized to 6MP-8MP due to equipment, once pipeline explosion or wash open, can field personnel be damaged and on-the-spot equipment causes unnecessary loss; (6) to the requirement height of the purity at water source; (7) strainer easily blocks.
6th kind, two-fluid dry fog dedusting, main utilization high-pressure air source and water source, pipeline and gas-water mixed type nozzle, by an air compressor, air is compressed to gas-holder, then form water smoke through gas-water mixed type nozzle again by tracheae and water pipe, equipment is installed to the object that dirt point reaches dedusting. There is following shortcoming: (1) current consumption is big, tens kilowatts easily, or even several hundred kilowatts; (2) floor space is big, will have special equipment room; (3) equipment more complicated, it is desired to equipment is allocated and transported and installed and maintenance management level height; (4) dust is had certain selectivity, all dust can not be made can to obtain very high purification efficiency; (5) once invest bigger.
Owing to there is above weak point, some heat power plants, harbour, Steel Plant, colliery, chemical plant, defeated coal or conveying system dust removal installation are substantially in and fall into disuse inactive state, part power plant, harbour, colliery etc., after changing several dust removal installation, still do not reach the basic goal for the treatment of flour dust.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is for above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system and method is provided, inhalable dust can be administered, reduce dust to the pollution of air, improve surrounding environment and the work situation of site work personnel.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above is as follows:
According to an aspect of the present invention, it provides a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system, described system comprises water filtration softening installation, water tank, at least one suppressing dust with dry mist device and local controller;
Described water filtration softening installation comprises tap water inlet channel, filters softening installation and filter softening installation controller, described tap water inlet channel is connected through the side of described filtration softening installation with the lower end of described water tank, the water inlet of described tap water inlet channel is provided with running-water booster pump, being provided with filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve with on one end that described water tank is connected, another side of the lower end of described water tank is communicated with a thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit;
Described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit is provided with thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump and thermostat(t)ed water goes out water solenoid valve, described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit is connected with one end of at least one transport pipe away from one end of described water tank, the other end of described transport pipe is with suppressing dust with dry mist device one_to_one corresponding and is connected, described transport pipe is provided with thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve, the interior bottom portion of described water tank is provided with storage water heater strip and storage water temp transmitter, and its sidewall is provided with storage water liquidometer;
Described suppressing dust with dry mist device comprises cabinet, atomization water tank, at least one frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan, centrifugal fan driver, at least one adjustable atomization plate, the automation controller being connected with described adjustable atomization plate and centrifugal fan driver circuit and at least one and described adjustable atomization plate fog output hole one to one, described cabinet is the three-dimensional arrangement being provided with sealer case lid, described atomization water tank is arranged on the inside of cabinet, the other end of described transport pipe is connected through the lower end of a sidewall of described cabinet with the lower end of a sidewall of described atomization water tank, described centrifugal controller of fan is arranged in the internal side wall of described cabinet, described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan is arranged on the sidewall of described centrifugal controller of fan and is connected with described centrifugal controller of fan circuit, described adjustable atomization plate is arranged on the bottom of the inside of described atomization water tank, described automation controller is fixedly installed on the exterior lateral sides of described cabinet, the bottom of the inside of described atomization water tank is also provided with heater strip and temperature transmitter, its sidewall is also provided with liquidometer,
Described local controller goes out water solenoid valve, thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve and automation controller circuit with described filtration softening installation controller, described running-water booster pump, filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve, thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump and thermostat(t)ed water respectively and is connected.
On the basis of technique scheme, it is also possible to do improvement further as follows.
Further, described filtration softening installation specifically comprises prime filter, automatically controls backwash filter, reverse osmosis membrane group and accurate filter; Described automatic control backwash filter is made up of quartz sand tank, quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit, charcoal canister, gac pipeline and pumping unit, resin container, industry salt cellar and resin pipeline and pumping unit, it is inner that pipeline in described quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit stretches into described quartz sand tank, it is inner that pipeline in described gac pipeline and pumping unit stretches into described charcoal canister, the pipeline in described resin pipeline and pumping unit stretch into described resin container respectively and industry salt cellar inner; Described tap water inlet channel is successively through described prime filter, quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit, described gac pipeline and pumping unit, described resin pipeline and pumping unit, reverse osmosis membrane group and accurate filter, and the side with the lower end of described water tank is connected.
Described useful effect further is: the water in tap water inlet channel is carried out primary filter by prime filter, filters out impurity bigger in tap water; Quartz sand is for filtering the big impurity of the big suspended substance of granularity in tap water, jelly and density; Activated carbon mainly removes peculiar smell in water, suck part toxic substance and mushroom, resin and Industrial Salt for water is softened, tap water is carried out further filtration by reverse osmosis membrane group, and tap water is carried out secondary filter by accurate filter; Filter softening installation carry out tap water filtering softening after, adjustable atomization plate just can be facilitated liquid water molecules structure to be broken up and to produce elegant water smoke and discharge a large amount of negative ions.
Further, described filtration softening installation controller is made up of quartz sand back flushing controller, activated carbon backwashing controller and resin back flushing controller, described quartz sand back flushing controller is connected with the pump circuit in described quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit, described activated carbon backwashing controller is connected with the pump circuit in described gac pipeline and pumping unit, and described resin back flushing controller is connected with the pump circuit in described resin pipeline and pumping unit.
Described useful effect further is: described local controller can realize the automatic control filtering softening installation.
Further, the water inlet of described tap water inlet channel is also provided with manual ball valve.
Described useful effect further is: when water filtration softening installation needs to overhaul, closes described tap water inlet channel by described manual ball valve, is conveniently overhauled by described water filtration softening installation.
Further, a blowdown pipeline it is connected with between described prime filter and described water tank, one end of described blowdown pipeline is connected the lower end at described prime filter, and the other end is connected the side of end under described water tank, and is positioned at the lower section of described tap water inlet channel; On described blowdown pipeline, one end of close described prime filter is provided with primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve, be provided with storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve near one end of described water tank, the upper position connection between described primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve and storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve of described blowdown pipeline is provided with a blowdown outlet conduit; The upper position between described primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve and storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve of described blowdown pipeline is also connected and is provided with reverse osmosis blowdown pipeline and secondary filter blowdown pipeline two laterals, described reverse osmosis blowdown pipeline and secondary filter blowdown pipeline be connection corresponding to the lower end of described reverse osmosis membrane group and accurate filter respectively, and on described reverse osmosis blowdown pipeline and secondary filter blowdown pipeline, correspondence is provided with reverse osmosis blowoff electromagnetic valve and secondary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve respectively; Described primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve, storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve, reverse osmosis blowoff electromagnetic valve and secondary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve are all connected with described controller circuitry.
Described useful effect further is: for by filtering softening installation water carries out filtering in softening process the impurity sewage producing deposition in sewage and impurity and described water tank, automatically discharging at set intervals.
Further, on described tap water inlet channel, one end of close described running-water booster pump is also provided with preposition hydraulic pressure sensor, on described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit, one end of close described thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump is also provided with hydraulic pressure sensor, and described preposition hydraulic pressure sensor and described hydraulic pressure sensor all send signal to described local controller.
Described useful effect further is: hydraulic pressure sensor and preposition hydraulic pressure sensor are respectively used to detect the pressure of thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump and running-water booster pump, when topping-up pump supercharging is excessive, signal is sent to described local controller, by described local controller, topping-up pump is controlled, and then avoid pipeline to be damaged because pressure is excessive.
Further, highly it is greater than the residing height in top of described atomization water tank residing for described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan; Described cabinet inside is provided with that one parallel with described cabinet lid and the Ji Wugai that removably connects with the sidewall of described cabinet, described Ji Wugai are positioned at higher than height residing for described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan and lower than the position of height residing for described fog output hole; Described collection mist covers and is also provided with at least one and described adjustable atomization plate and fog output hole moister-collecting hood one to one, described moister-collecting hood is the hollow trapezoid shape three-dimensional arrangement of top and bottom opening, it is arranged on described collection mist bottom it to cover, described collection mist covers the position bottom corresponding to described moister-collecting hood and is provided with the opening identical with the bottom size of described moister-collecting hood, described moister-collecting hood is positioned at the surface of described adjustable atomization plate one to one, and described fog output hole is positioned at above the side of described moister-collecting hood one to one.
Described useful effect further is: blowout in the moister-collecting hood that a large amount of negative ions that adjustable atomization plate is broken up elegant water smoke that liquid water molecules structure produces and release by frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan cover from collection mist, and then blow to fog output hole, and the outside blown out from fog output hole to described suppressing dust with dry mist device is to carry out dust suppression, described moister-collecting hood can prevent water smoke and negative ion to run off, make water smoke and negative ion blow to fog output hole from moister-collecting hood, avoid water smoke and negative ion generation loss.
Further, described collection mist covers and is also provided with multiple windsheild straight up, and described windsheild stands in the both sides of moister-collecting hood described in each, highly identical residing for the residing height in its top and described fog output hole top.
Described useful effect further is: windsheild can make each fog output hole blowout uniform water smoke of output and negative ion, avoids water smoke and negative ion to run off simultaneously and loss occurs.
Further, described transport pipe is provided with branch's pipe blow-through that the lower end with a described atomization water tank sidewall is connected near one end of described cabinet, and described branch pipe blow-through and described transport pipe are in same height, and are provided with solenoid purge valve; Described atomization water tank is communicated with atomization blowdown pipeline away from the lower end of another sidewall of described branch pipe blow-through, described atomization blowdown pipeline is also communicated with branch's atomization blowdown pipeline, the two ends of described branch atomization blowdown pipeline are all connected on described atomization blowdown pipeline, being provided with and be manually atomized blowoff electromagnetic valve, the position between the upper two ends being atomized blowdown pipeline in described branch of described atomization blowdown pipeline is provided with automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve; Described atomization water tank is provided with a spillway away from the upper end of another sidewall of described branch pipe blow-through, described spillway correspondence is communicated with an overflow pipe, described overflow pipe is connected with described atomization blowdown pipeline, is connected position between described automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve and the rear end of described branch atomization blowdown pipeline; Described solenoid purge valve and automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve are all connected with described controller circuitry.
Described useful effect further is: every time during suppressing dust with dry mist device stopping work, solenoid purge valve can be opened automatically, clean sprayer plate, open blowoff electromagnetic valve simultaneously, when arriving setting-up time between when purged, automatically close solenoid purge valve, then time-delay closing blowoff electromagnetic valve, carry out described suppressing dust with dry mist device cleaning blowdown; Described spillway and overflow pipe can when liquidometer generation faults, when the water being atomized in water tank is higher than atomization cistern water level higher limit, unnecessary water is discharged by spillway from overflow pipe, avoids the water excess being atomized in water tank to spill in cabinet, damage equipment.
Further, described local controller can arrange multiple, a described corresponding water filtration softening installation of local controller, a water tank and at least one suppressing dust with dry mist device, multiple described local controller is all connected with a main control electricity cabinet circuit, and described main control electricity cabinet is by transmission over radio bridge and multiple remote computation machine wireless connections.
Described useful effect further is: a water filtration softening installation and a water tank can be multiple suppressing dust with dry mist device provides water source, a local controller can control a water filtration softening installation, a water tank and multiple suppressing dust with dry mist device, main control electricity cabinet local can control multiple local controller, also by remote computation machine Long-distance Control main control electricity cabinet, and then control multiple local controller.
According to another aspect of the present invention, the present invention provides a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist method, and described method comprises:
S1, described storage water liquidometer is when the height of the water detected in described water tank is lower than the water storage tank water level lower value set, signal is sent to described local controller, described local controller controls described filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve and opens, start working with filtering softening installation controller described in control, tap water passes in the described tap water inlet channel of described filtration softening installation, tap water in described tap water inlet channel is carried out filtering and softens by described filtration softening installation, then by described tap water inlet channel automatic transport to described water tank,
S2, described storage water liquidometer are when the height of the water detected in described water tank reaches the water storage tank water level higher limit of setting, signal is sent to described local controller, described local controller controls described filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve and cuts out, and then described running-water booster pump closes automatically, described tap water inlet channel stops water inlet, described filtration softening installation stops in conveying water to described water tank, and described local controller controls described filtration softening installation controller stopping work; Meanwhile, described storage water temp transmitter, when the temperature of water in water tank being detected lower than the temperature value of setting, controls described storage water heater strip and is heated by the water in water tank, reaches and stores up water heater strip described in the temperature value control of setting and stop heating;
S3, described liquidometer are when the height of described atomization Water in Water Tanks being detected lower than the atomization water tank water level lower limit set, signal is sent to described local controller, described local controller controls described thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve, thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump and thermostat(t)ed water and goes out water solenoid valve and open, and the water in described water tank enters described atomization water tank by described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit and transport pipe;
S4, described liquidometer are when the atomization cistern water level higher limit that the height of described atomization Water in Water Tanks reaches setting being detected, signal is sent to described local controller, described local controller controls described thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve, thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump and thermostat(t)ed water water outlet closed electromagnetic valve, and described water tank stops in conveying water to described atomization water tank; Meanwhile, described temperature transmitter, when the temperature of atomization Water in Water Tanks being detected lower than the temperature value of setting, controls described heater strip and is heated by the water in atomization water tank, reach heater strip described in the temperature value control of setting and stop heating;
S5, when needs dedusting, described automation controller receives the dedusting work order that described local controller sends, and when the water level that described liquidometer detects in described atomization water tank arrives the water level that described adjustable atomization plate can work, control described adjustable atomization plate to start working, liquid water molecules structure is broken up and produces elegant water smoke and discharge a large amount of negative ions, then after the default time described automation controller by controlling described centrifugal fan driver and then control described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan to start working, water smoke and a large amount of negative ions are blown out the outside to described suppressing dust with dry mist device from fog output hole, dust outside described suppressing dust with dry mist device is adsorbed by water smoke and a large amount of negative ions, condensation and dirt fall,
The dust size in S6, described local controller also each place of dedusting as required sends the work order regulating the atomization quantity size of described adjustable atomization plate and the air quantity size of frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan to described automation controller;
S7, after there is no dust, described automation controller is when receiving dedusting the finish command that described local controller sends, controlling described adjustable atomization plate stopping work, and control described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan stopping work after the preset lime, dedusting terminates.
The useful effect of the present invention is: a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system and method that the present invention proposes, described system comprises water filtration softening installation, water tank, suppressing dust with dry mist device and local controller, adjustable atomization plate in suppressing dust with dry mist device breaks up atomization to filtering the constant temperature water source after sofening treatment through water filtration softening installation in water tank, produce a large amount of micron order water fog particle and negative ion, frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan in suppressing dust with dry mist device blows out the outside to described suppressing dust with dry mist device a large amount of micron order dry fog and negative ion, and then dust is adsorbed, condensation, dirt falls, to reach the object of dedusting, the water fog particle produced and the size of dust granules are close, therefore water fog particle very easily adsorbs each other with dust, in addition water smoke concentration is big, dust can be inhibited within the very first time to kick up, thus reach the object that dust can not be excessive, millimetre-sized visible dust granules can not only effectively be administered by water fog particle and negative ion, the micron-sized dust granules that sucks effectively can also be administered, reduce dust to the pollution of air, improve the work situation of site work personnel, reduce the generation of occupational illness, described water fog particle is dry fog, to below 10um inhalable treating flour dust effect up to 98%, and water loss is little, and humidity of materials gains in weight than being only 0.02%-0.06%, decreases the loss of material calorific value, current consumption is little, and the electricity of a dedusting point is only 1.75KW/h, described dust suppression system does not need the assemblies such as screw air compressor, atomizing nozzle, high-pressure pump and airduct, avoids all inconvenience that atomizing nozzle etc. brings, and adopts integral type to install, and installs simple, it is not necessary to install complicated water pipe and tracheae, and can greatly reduce dust explosion probability, reduce fire-fighting equipment and drop into, equipment investment is few, and operation and maintenance cost is low, constant temperature water source is adopted thus can also normally to use in winter, the application such as fuel-burning power plant can reduce losses of coal, reduce coal mud clearing and cause the loss of coal and reduce coal slime processing cost, described system footprint area is little, easy to operate, Automatic Control, and sterilizing removing toxic substances depositing dust dedusting, safe ready, practicality is stronger.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram of a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of water filtration softening installation of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system and the structural representation of water tank of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the suppressing dust with dry mist device of a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system of the present invention;
In accompanying drawing, the list of parts representated by each label is as follows:
1, water filtration softening installation, 2, water tank, 21, storage water heater strip, 22, storage water temp transmitter, 23, storage water liquidometer, 3, suppressing dust with dry mist device, 31, cabinet, 311, cabinet lid, 32, atomization water tank, 321, temperature transmitter, 322, heater strip, 323, liquidometer, 33, frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan, 34, adjustable atomization plate, 35, fog output hole, 36, centrifugal fan driver, 37, automation controller, 38, Ji Wugai, 381, moister-collecting hood, 39, windsheild, 4, local controller, 5, tap water inlet channel, 51, running-water booster pump, 52, filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve, 53, manual ball valve, 54, preposition hydraulic pressure sensor, 6, filter softening installation, 61, prime filter, 62, automatically backwash filter is controlled, 621, quartz sand tank, 622, quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit, 623, charcoal canister, 624, gac pipeline and pumping unit, 625, resin container, 626, industry salt cellar, 627, resin pipeline and pumping unit, 63, reverse osmosis membrane group, 64, accurate filter, 7, filter softening installation controller, 71, quartz sand back flushing controller, 72, activated carbon backwashing controller, 73, resin back flushing controller, 8, thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit, 81, thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump, 82, thermostat(t)ed water goes out water solenoid valve, and 83, hydraulic pressure sensor, 9, transport pipe, 91, thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve, 92, branch's pipe blow-through, 93, solenoid purge valve, 94, atomization blowdown pipeline, 95, branch's atomization blowdown pipeline, 96, manually it is atomized blowoff electromagnetic valve, 97, automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve, 98, spillway, 99, overflow pipe, 10, blowdown pipeline, 101, primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve, 102, storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve, 103, reverse osmosis blowdown pipeline, 104, secondary filter blowdown pipeline, 105, reverse osmosis blowoff electromagnetic valve, 106, secondary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve, 107, blowdown outlet conduit, 11, main control electricity cabinet, 12, transmission over radio bridge, 13, remote computation machine.
Embodiment
The principle of the present invention and feature being described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, example, only for explaining the present invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment one, a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system. Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, the system that the present embodiment provides is described in detail.
See Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system that the present embodiment provides, comprises water filtration softening installation 1, water tank 2, at least one suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 and local controller 4; Described water filtration softening installation 1 comprises tap water inlet channel 5, filters softening installation 6 and filter softening installation controller 7, described tap water inlet channel 5 is connected through the side of described filtration softening installation 6 with described water tank 2 times ends, the water inlet of described tap water inlet channel 5 is provided with running-water booster pump 51, being provided with filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve 52 with on one end that described water tank 2 is connected, another side of described water tank 2 times ends is communicated with a thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit 8.
Described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit 8 is provided with thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump 81 and thermostat(t)ed water goes out water solenoid valve 82, described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit 8 is connected with one end of at least one transport pipe 9 away from one end of described water tank 2, the other end of described transport pipe 9 with suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 one_to_one corresponding and is connected, described transport pipe 9 is provided with thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve 91, the interior bottom portion of described water tank 2 is provided with storage water heater strip 21 and storage water temp transmitter 22, and its sidewall is provided with storage water liquidometer 23. Described suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 can according to circumstances be set to multiple, and each suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 correspondence is communicated with a transport pipe 9, and each transport pipe 9 is connected with described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit 8.
Concrete, described filtration softening installation 6 specifically comprises prime filter 61, automatically control backwash filter 62, reverse osmosis membrane group 63 and accurate filter 64.
Described automatic control backwash filter 62 is made up of quartz sand tank 621, quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit 622, charcoal canister 623, gac pipeline and pumping unit 624, resin container 625, industry salt cellar 626 and resin pipeline and pumping unit 627, it is inner that pipeline in described quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit 622 stretches into described quartz sand tank 621, it is inner that pipeline in described gac pipeline and pumping unit 624 stretches into described charcoal canister 623, the pipeline in described resin pipeline and pumping unit 627 stretch into described resin container 625 respectively and industry salt cellar 626 inner.
Described tap water inlet channel 5 is successively through described prime filter 61, quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit 622, described gac pipeline and pumping unit 624, described resin pipeline and pumping unit 627, reverse osmosis membrane group 63 and accurate filter 64, and the side with described water tank 2 times ends is connected.
Described filtration softening installation controller 7 is made up of quartz sand back flushing controller 71, activated carbon backwashing controller 72 and resin back flushing controller 73, described quartz sand back flushing controller 71 is connected with the pump circuit in described quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit 622, described activated carbon backwashing controller 72 is connected with the pump circuit in described gac pipeline and pumping unit 624, and described resin back flushing controller 73 is connected with the pump circuit in described resin pipeline and pumping unit 627.
Tap water in described tap water inlet channel 5 is successively through prime filter 61, automatically control backwash filter 62, reverse osmosis membrane group 63 and accurate filter 64, water in tap water inlet channel 5 is carried out primary filter by described prime filter 61, filters out impurity bigger in tap water; Quartz sand in described automatic control backwash filter 62 is for filtering the bigger impurity of the bigger suspended substance of granularity in tap water, jelly and density; Activated carbon in described automatic control backwash filter 62 mainly removes peculiar smell in water, suck part toxic substance and mushroom, resin in described automatic control backwash filter 62 and Industrial Salt are for softening water, tap water is carried out further filtration by described reverse osmosis membrane group 63, and tap water is carried out secondary filter by described accurate filter 64; Described water filtration softening installation 1 carry out tap water filtering softening after, adjustable atomization plate just can be facilitated liquid water molecules structure to be broken up and to produce elegant water smoke and discharge a large amount of negative ions.
The water inlet of described tap water inlet channel 5 is also provided with manual ball valve 53, when water filtration softening installation 1 needs to overhaul, close described tap water inlet channel 5 by described manual ball valve 53, conveniently described water filtration softening installation 1 is overhauled.
A blowdown pipeline 10 it is connected with between described prime filter 61 and described water tank 2, one end of described blowdown pipeline 10 is connected the lower end at described prime filter 61, the other end is connected in the side of described water tank 2 times ends, and is positioned at the lower section of described tap water inlet channel 5.
On described blowdown pipeline 10, one end of close described prime filter 61 is provided with primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve 101, be provided with storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve 102 near one end of described water tank 2, on described blowdown pipeline 10, position between described primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve 101 and storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve 102 is connected and is provided with a blowdown outlet conduit 107.
On described blowdown pipeline 10, position between described primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve 101 and storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve 102 is also connected and is provided with reverse osmosis blowdown pipeline 103 and secondary filter blowdown pipeline 104 two laterals, described reverse osmosis blowdown pipeline 103 and secondary filter blowdown pipeline 104 be connection corresponding to the lower end of described reverse osmosis membrane group 63 and accurate filter 64 respectively, and on described reverse osmosis blowdown pipeline 103 and secondary filter blowdown pipeline 104, correspondence is provided with reverse osmosis blowoff electromagnetic valve 105 and secondary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve 106 respectively.
Described primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve 101, storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve 102, reverse osmosis blowoff electromagnetic valve 105 and secondary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve 106 are all connected with described controller 4 circuit.
Described primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve 101, reverse osmosis blowoff electromagnetic valve 105 and secondary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve 106, for filtration softening installation is produced sewage and impurity discharges at set intervals automatically carrying out water filtering in softening process, the impurity sewage of deposition in described water tank can be carried out timing automatic discharge by storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve 102.
On described tap water inlet channel 5, one end of close described running-water booster pump 51 is also provided with preposition hydraulic pressure sensor 54, on described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit 8, one end of close thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump 81 is also provided with hydraulic pressure sensor 83, and described preposition hydraulic pressure sensor 54 and described hydraulic pressure sensor 83 all send signal to described local controller 4. Described preposition hydraulic pressure sensor 54 and described hydraulic pressure sensor 83 are respectively used to detect the pressure of running-water booster pump 51 and thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump 81, when topping-up pump supercharging is excessive, signal is sent to described local controller 4, local controller 4 controls corresponding topping-up pump stopping work, and then avoids pipeline to be damaged because internal pressure is excessive.
Described suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 comprises cabinet 31, atomization water tank 32, at least one frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33, centrifugal fan driver 36, at least one adjustable atomization plate 34, the automation controller 37 being connected with described adjustable atomization plate 34 and centrifugal fan driver 36 circuit and at least one and described adjustable atomization plate 34 fog output hole 35 one to one, described cabinet 31 is for being provided with the three-dimensional arrangement of sealer case lid 311, described atomization water tank 32 is arranged on the inside of cabinet 31, the other end of described transport pipe 9 is connected through the lower end of a sidewall of described cabinet 31 with the lower end of described atomization water tank 32 1 sidewalls, described centrifugal controller of fan 36 is arranged in the internal side wall of described cabinet 31, described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33 is arranged on the sidewall of described centrifugal controller of fan 36 and is connected with described centrifugal controller of fan 36 circuit, described adjustable atomization plate 34 is arranged on the bottom of the inside of described atomization water tank 32, described automation controller 37 is fixedly installed on the exterior lateral sides of described cabinet 31, the bottom of the inside of described atomization water tank 32 is also provided with heater strip 322 and temperature transmitter 321, its sidewall is also provided with liquidometer 323.
The residing height in top of described atomization water tank 32 highly it is greater than residing for described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33; Described cabinet 31 inside is provided with that one parallel with described cabinet lid 311 and the collection mist lid 38 that removably connects with the sidewall of described cabinet 31, and described collection mist lid 38 is positioned at higher than the described residing height of frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33 and lower than the position of the described residing height of fog output hole 35; Described collection mist lid 38 is also provided with at least one and described adjustable atomization plate 34 and fog output hole 35 moister-collecting hood 381 one to one, described moister-collecting hood 381 is the hollow trapezoid shape three-dimensional arrangement of top and bottom opening, it is arranged on described collection mist lid 38 bottom it, described collection mist lid 38 is provided with the opening identical with the bottom size of described moister-collecting hood 381 corresponding to the position bottom described moister-collecting hood 381, described moister-collecting hood 381 is positioned at the surface of described adjustable atomization plate 34 one to one, and described fog output hole 35 is positioned at above the side of described moister-collecting hood 381 one to one.
A large amount of negative ions of the elegant water smoke that adjustable atomization plate 34 is broken up liquid water molecules structure and produce by described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33 and release are from blowout in the moister-collecting hood 381 collection mist lid 38, and then blow to fog output hole 35, and the outside blown out from fog output hole 35 to described suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 is to carry out dust suppression, described moister-collecting hood 38 can prevent water smoke and negative ion to run off, water smoke and negative ion are concentrated, to blow to fog output hole 35 from moister-collecting hood 38, avoid water smoke and negative ion generation loss. The quantity of adjustable atomization plate 34 is set according to practical situation, the quantity of described adjustable atomization plate 34, moister-collecting hood 381 and fog output hole 35 3 parts is identical, and corresponding one by one, the corresponding moister-collecting hood of an adjustable atomization plate 34 corresponding fog output hole 35 of 381, moister-collecting hood 381. Quantity about frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33 can increase according to practical situation or reduce.
Described collection mist lid 38 is also provided with multiple windsheild 39 straight up, described windsheild 39 stands in the both sides of moister-collecting hood 381 described in each, residing for the residing height in its top and described fog output hole 35 top highly identical, windsheild 39 can make each fog output hole 35 blow out the uniform water smoke of output and negative ion, avoids water smoke and negative ion to run off simultaneously and loss occurs.
Described transport pipe 9 is provided with branch's pipe blow-through 92 that the lower end with described atomization water tank 32 1 sidewalls is connected near one end of described cabinet 31, described branch pipe blow-through 92 and described transport pipe 9 are in same height, and are provided with solenoid purge valve 93.
Described atomization water tank 32 is communicated with atomization blowdown pipeline 94 away from the lower end of another sidewall of described branch pipe blow-through 92, described atomization blowdown pipeline 94 is also communicated with branch's atomization blowdown pipeline 95, the two ends of described branch atomization blowdown pipeline 95 are all connected and are arranged on above described atomization blowdown pipeline 94, being provided with manually atomization blowoff electromagnetic valve 96, the position described atomization blowdown pipeline 94 being atomized between the two ends of blowdown pipeline 95 in described branch is provided with automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve 97.
Described atomization water tank 32 is provided with a spillway 98 away from the upper end of another sidewall of described branch pipe blow-through 92, described spillway 98 correspondence is communicated with an overflow pipe 99, described overflow pipe 99 is connected with described atomization blowdown pipeline 94, is connected position between described automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve 97 and the rear end of described branch atomization blowdown pipeline 95; Described solenoid purge valve 93 and automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve 97 are all connected with described controller 4 circuit. When each suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 stops work, solenoid purge valve 93 can be opened automatically, clean described atomization water tank 32 and adjustable atomization plate 34, automatically open automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve 97 simultaneously, when arriving setting-up time between when purged, automatically close solenoid purge valve 93, then time-delay closing automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve 97, carry out described suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 cleaning blowdown. Described spillway 98 and overflow pipe 99 can when there is fault in liquidometer 323, when in described atomization water tank 32, the height of water is higher than atomization cistern water level higher limit, unnecessary water is discharged from overflow pipe 99 by spillway 98, the water excess being atomized in water tank 32 is avoided to spill in cabinet 31, damage equipment.
Described local controller 4 goes out water solenoid valve 82, thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve 91 and automation controller 37 circuit with described filtration softening installation controller 7, described running-water booster pump 51, filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve 52, thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump 81, thermostat(t)ed water respectively and is connected.
Described local controller 4 can arrange multiple, a described local corresponding water filtration softening installation 1, the water tank 2 of controller 4 and at least one suppressing dust with dry mist device 3, multiple described local controller 4 is all connected with main control electricity cabinet 11 circuit, and described main control electricity cabinet 11 is by transmission over radio bridge 12 and the wireless connections of multiple remote computation machine 13. A water filtration softening installation 1 and a water tank 2 can be multiple suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 to be provided water source and then produces dry fog, and controlled by a local controller 4, main control electricity cabinet 11 local can control multiple local controller 4, also by remote computation machine 13 Long-distance Control main control electricity cabinet 11, and then controlling multiple local controller 4, described main control electricity cabinet 11 is provided with touch-screen.
Described remote computation machine 13 and main control electricity cabinet 11 all can control described dust suppression system start and stop according to the practical situation of each dedusting point, and the data that can be fed back by the local controller 4 of each dedusting point, observe the operation conditions of the described dust suppression system of each dedusting point, thus control the described dust suppression system of each dedusting point, such as can revise the atomization quantity size of described adjustable atomization plate 34, revise the air quantity size of described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33, the temperature parameter changing the water in described water tank 2 and described atomization water tank 32 is arranged, the level parameter changing the water in described water tank 2 and described atomization water tank 32 is arranged, the pressure parameter changing each topping-up pump is arranged, the flow parameter changing each pipeline is arranged, the working hour interval of change solenoid purge valve 93 and each blowoff electromagnetic valve is arranged, change described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33 relative to described adjustable atomization plate 34 time delay set of time stopping work etc.
In addition, tap water inlet channel 5, thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit 8, transport pipe 9, branch's pipe blow-through 92, atomization blowdown pipeline 94, branch's atomization blowdown pipeline 95, overflow pipe 99, blowdown pipeline 10, infiltration blowdown pipeline 103, the pipeline external of secondary filter blowdown pipeline 104 and blowdown outlet conduit 107 is all enclosed with electric tracing thermal insulation structure, described electric tracing thermal insulation structure specifically by electric-heating belt, insulating cotton and asbestos composition, with to prevent when winter pipeline freeze, bursting by freezing, ensure that the current in pipeline run unimpeded, realize the safe operation of whole pipeline.
Described dust suppression system is when carrying out dedusting, also can in dedusting place, such as tippler or automobile discharging hole surrounding arranges dust screen, preventing dust unrestrained ease everywhere, airflow regulation moves towards, through dust screen to the interception of dust, the water smoke of described dust suppression system ejection being arranged on tippler and automobile discharging hole surrounding is to the absorption of dust, condensation, dirt falls, it is ensured that operating post is less by dust pollution.
Embodiment two, a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist method. Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, the method that the present embodiment provides is described in detail.
See Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist method that the present embodiment provides, described method comprises the following steps:
S1, described storage water liquidometer 23 is when the height of the water detected in described water tank 2 is lower than the water storage tank water level lower value set, signal is sent to described local controller 4, described local controller 4 controls described filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve 52 and opens, start working with filtering softening installation controller 7 described in control, tap water passes in the described tap water inlet channel 5 of described filtration softening installation 6, tap water in described tap water inlet channel 5 is carried out filtering and softens by described filtration softening installation 6, then by described tap water inlet channel 5 automatic transport to described water tank 2.
Concrete, the water in described tap water inlet channel 5 is carried out filtering softening by described filtration softening installation 6 automatically, and by the described filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve 52 opened by filter softening after water be delivered in described water tank 2.
S2, described storage water liquidometer 23 are when the height of the water detected in described water tank 2 reaches the water storage tank water level higher limit of setting, signal is sent to described local controller 4, described local controller 4 controls described filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve 52 and cuts out, and then described running-water booster pump 51 closes automatically, described tap water inlet channel 5 stops water inlet, described filtration softening installation 6 stops in conveying water to described water tank 2, and described local controller 4 controls described filtration softening installation controller 7 and stops work; Simultaneously, described storage water temp transmitter 22 is when the temperature of water in water tank being detected lower than the temperature value set, control described storage water heater strip 21 to be heated by the water in water tank 2, reach and store up water heater strip 21 described in the temperature value control of setting and stop heating.
Concrete, the water level in water tank 2 is monitored by storage water liquidometer 23, and make the temperature of the water in water tank 2 maintain temperature constant state by described storage water temp transmitter 22 and described storage water heater strip 21, it is prepared as suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 at any time and water source is provided.
S3, described liquidometer 323 are when the height of water in described atomization water tank 32 being detected lower than the atomization water tank water level lower limit set, signal is sent to described local controller 4, described local controller 4 controls described thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve 91, thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump 81 and thermostat(t)ed water and goes out water solenoid valve 82 and open, and the water in described water tank 2 enters described atomization water tank 32 by described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit 8 and transport pipe 91.
Concrete, as long as the height of water is lower than the atomization water tank water level lower limit of setting in the described atomization water tank 32 in any one suppressing dust with dry mist device 3, the described local described thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve 91 that controller 4 all can control thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump 81, thermostat(t)ed water goes out water solenoid valve 82 and a described suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 correspondence is connected is opened, described water tank 2 provide for the described atomization water tank 32 in all suppressing dust with dry mist devices 3 filter softening after constant temperature water source.
S4, described liquidometer 323 are when the atomization cistern water level higher limit that the height of water in described atomization water tank 32 reaches setting being detected, signal is sent to described local controller 4, described local controller 4 controls described thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve 91, thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump 81 and thermostat(t)ed water and goes out water solenoid valve 82 and cut out, and described water tank 2 stops in conveying water to described atomization water tank 32; Meanwhile, described temperature transmitter 321, when the temperature of water in atomization water tank 32 being detected lower than the temperature value of setting, controls described heater strip 322 and is heated by the water in atomization water tank 32, reach heater strip 322 described in the temperature value control of setting and stop heating.
Concrete, the water level in atomization water tank 32 is monitored by liquidometer 323, and make the temperature of the water in atomization water tank 32 maintain temperature constant state by described temperature transmitter 321 and described heater strip 322, prepare at any time to be dispersed as water smoke by described adjustable atomization plate 34.
S5, when needs dedusting, described automation controller 37 receives the dedusting work order that described local controller 4 sends, and when the water level that described liquidometer 323 detects in described atomization water tank 32 arrives the water level that described adjustable atomization plate 34 can work, control described adjustable atomization plate 34 to start working, liquid water molecules structure is broken up and produces elegant water smoke and discharge a large amount of negative ions, then after the default time described automation controller 37 by controlling described centrifugal fan driver 36 and then control described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33 to start working, water smoke and a large amount of negative ions are blown out the outside to described suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 from fog output hole 35, dust outside described suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 is adsorbed by water smoke and a large amount of negative ions, condensation and dirt fall.
Concrete, liquid water molecules structure is broken up and is produced elegant water smoke and discharge a large amount of negative ions by described adjustable atomization plate 34, water smoke and a large amount of negative ions are blowed to multiple described moister-collecting hood 381 by described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33 from atomization water tank 32, the described fog output hole 35 of multiple correspondence is blowed to again from multiple described moister-collecting hood 381, and from described fog output hole 35, blow out the outside to described suppressing dust with dry mist device 3, the dust of described suppressing dust with dry mist device 3 outside is adsorbed by water smoke and a large amount of negative ions, condensation and dirt fall, windsheild 39 can make to blow out in each fog output hole 35 the uniform water smoke of output and negative ion, avoid water smoke and negative ion to run off simultaneously and loss occurs.
The dust size in S6, described local controller 4 also each place of dedusting as required sends the work order regulating the atomization quantity size of described adjustable atomization plate 34 and the air quantity size of frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33 to described automation controller 37, carries out reaching energy-saving and cost-reducing.
S7, after there is no dust, described automation controller 37 is when receiving dedusting the finish command that described local controller 4 sends, controlling described adjustable atomization plate 34 and stop work, and control described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan 33 after the preset lime and stop work, dedusting terminates.
A kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system and method that the present invention proposes, described system comprises water filtration softening installation, water tank, suppressing dust with dry mist device and local controller, adjustable atomization plate in suppressing dust with dry mist device breaks up atomization to filtering the constant temperature water source after sofening treatment through water filtration softening installation in water tank, produce a large amount of micron order water fog particle and negative ion, frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan in suppressing dust with dry mist device blows out the outside to described suppressing dust with dry mist device a large amount of micron order dry fog and negative ion, and then dust is adsorbed, condensation, dirt falls, to reach the object of dedusting, the water fog particle produced and the size of dust granules are close, therefore water fog particle very easily adsorbs each other with dust, in addition water smoke concentration is big, dust can be inhibited within the very first time to kick up, thus reach the object that dust can not be excessive, millimetre-sized visible dust granules can not only effectively be administered by water fog particle and negative ion, the micron-sized dust granules that sucks effectively can also be administered, reduce dust to the pollution of air, improve the work situation of site work personnel, reduce the generation of occupational illness, described water fog particle is dry fog, to below 10um inhalable treating flour dust effect up to 98%, and water loss is little, and humidity of materials gains in weight than being only 0.02%-0.06%, decreases the loss of material calorific value, current consumption is little, and the electricity of a dedusting point is only 1.75KW/h, described dust suppression system does not need the assemblies such as screw air compressor, atomizing nozzle, high-pressure pump and airduct, avoids all inconvenience that atomizing nozzle etc. brings, and adopts integral type to install, and installs simple, it is not necessary to install complicated water pipe and tracheae, and can greatly reduce dust explosion probability, reduce fire-fighting equipment and drop into, equipment investment is few, and operation and maintenance cost is low, constant temperature water source is adopted thus can also normally to use in winter, the application such as fuel-burning power plant can reduce losses of coal, reduce coal mud clearing and cause the loss of coal and reduce coal slime processing cost, described system footprint area is little, easy to operate, Automatic Control, and sterilizing removing toxic substances depositing dust dedusting, safe ready, practicality is stronger.
The foregoing is only the better embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment of doing, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. a wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system, it is characterized in that, comprise water filtration softening installation (1), water tank (2), at least one suppressing dust with dry mist device (3) and local controller (4);
Described water filtration softening installation (1) comprises tap water inlet channel (5), filter softening installation (6) and filter softening installation controller (7), described tap water inlet channel (5) is connected with the side of described water tank (2) lower end through described filtration softening installation (6), the water inlet of described tap water inlet channel (5) is provided with running-water booster pump (51), it is provided with filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve (52) with on one end that described water tank (2) is connected, another side of described water tank (2) lower end is communicated with a thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit (8),
Described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit (8) is provided with thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump (81) and thermostat(t)ed water goes out water solenoid valve (82), described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit (8) is connected with one end of at least one transport pipe (9) away from one end of described water tank (2), the other end of described transport pipe (9) is with suppressing dust with dry mist device (3) one_to_one corresponding and is connected, described transport pipe (9) is provided with thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve (91), the interior bottom portion of described water tank (2) is provided with storage water heater strip (21) and storage water temp transmitter (22), its sidewall is provided with storage water liquidometer (23),
Described suppressing dust with dry mist device (3) comprises cabinet (31), atomization water tank (32), at least one frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan (33), centrifugal fan driver (36), at least one adjustable atomization plate (34), the automation controller (37) being connected with described adjustable atomization plate (34) and centrifugal fan driver (36) circuit and at least one and described adjustable atomization plate (34) fog output hole (35) one to one, described cabinet (31) is for being provided with the three-dimensional arrangement of sealer case lid (311), described atomization water tank (32) is arranged on the inside of cabinet (31), the other end of described transport pipe (9) is connected through the lower end of a sidewall of described cabinet (31) with the lower end of described atomization water tank (32) sidewalls, described centrifugal controller of fan (36) is arranged in the internal side wall of described cabinet (31), described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan (33) is arranged on the sidewall of described centrifugal controller of fan (36) and is connected with described centrifugal controller of fan (36) circuit, described adjustable atomization plate (34) is arranged on the bottom of the inside of described atomization water tank (32), described automation controller (37) is fixedly installed on the exterior lateral sides of described cabinet (31), the bottom of the inside of described atomization water tank (32) is also provided with heater strip (322) and temperature transmitter (321), its sidewall is also provided with liquidometer (323),
Described local controller (4) goes out water solenoid valve (82), thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve (91) and automation controller (37) circuit with described filtration softening installation controller (7), described running-water booster pump (51), filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve (52), thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump (81) and thermostat(t)ed water respectively and is connected.
2. a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described filtration softening installation (6) specifically comprises prime filter (61), automatically controls backwash filter (62), reverse osmosis membrane group (63) and accurate filter (64);
Described automatic control backwash filter (62) is by quartz sand tank (621), quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit (622), charcoal canister (623), gac pipeline and pumping unit (624), resin container (625), industry salt cellar (626) and resin pipeline and pumping unit (627) composition, it is inner that pipeline in described quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit (622) stretches into described quartz sand tank (621), it is inner that pipeline in described gac pipeline and pumping unit (624) stretches into described charcoal canister (623), pipeline in described resin pipeline and pumping unit (627) stretch into described resin container (625) respectively and industry salt cellar (626) inner,
Described tap water inlet channel (5) is successively through described prime filter (61), quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit (622), described gac pipeline and pumping unit (624), described resin pipeline and pumping unit (627), reverse osmosis membrane group (63) and accurate filter (64), and the side with described water tank (2) lower end is connected.
3. a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described filtration softening installation controller (7) is by quartz sand back flushing controller (71), activated carbon backwashing controller (72) and resin back flushing controller (73) composition, described quartz sand back flushing controller (71) is connected with the pump circuit in described quartz sand pipeline and pumping unit (622), described activated carbon backwashing controller (72) is connected with the pump circuit in described gac pipeline and pumping unit (624), described resin back flushing controller (73) is connected with the pump circuit in described resin pipeline and pumping unit (627).
4. a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that, the water inlet of described tap water inlet channel (5) is also provided with manual ball valve (53).
5. a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, a blowdown pipeline (10) it is connected with between described prime filter (61) and described water tank (2), one end of described blowdown pipeline (10) is connected the lower end at described prime filter (61), the other end is connected in the side of described water tank (2) lower end, and is positioned at the lower section of described tap water inlet channel (5);
The upper one end near described prime filter (61) of described blowdown pipeline (10) is provided with primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve (101), one end of described water tank (2) is provided with storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve (102), and the position connection described blowdown pipeline (10) being positioned between described primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve (101) and storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve (102) is provided with a blowdown outlet conduit (107);
The position being positioned between described primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve (101) and storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve (102) on described blowdown pipeline (10) is also connected and is provided with reverse osmosis blowdown pipeline (103) and secondary filter blowdown pipeline (104) two laterals, described reverse osmosis blowdown pipeline (103) and secondary filter blowdown pipeline (104) be connection corresponding to the lower end of described reverse osmosis membrane group (63) and accurate filter (64) respectively, in described reverse osmosis blowdown pipeline (103) and secondary filter blowdown pipeline (104), correspondence is provided with reverse osmosis blowoff electromagnetic valve (105) and secondary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve (106) respectively,
Described primary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve (101), storage water blowoff electromagnetic valve (102), reverse osmosis blowoff electromagnetic valve (105) and secondary filter blowoff electromagnetic valve (106) are all connected with described controller (4) circuit.
6. a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, the upper one end near described running-water booster pump (51) of described tap water inlet channel (5) is also provided with preposition hydraulic pressure sensor (54), the upper one end near thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump (81) of described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit (8) is also provided with hydraulic pressure sensor (83), and described preposition hydraulic pressure sensor (54) and described hydraulic pressure sensor (83) all send signal to described local controller (4).
7. a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that, highly it is greater than the residing height in top of described atomization water tank (32) residing for described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan (33);
Described cabinet (31) inside is provided with that one parallel with described cabinet lid (311) and the Ji Wugai (38) that removably connects with the sidewall of described cabinet (31), and described Ji Wugai (38) is positioned at higher than the residing height of described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan (33) and the position lower than the residing height of described fog output hole (35);
Described Ji Wugai (38) is also provided with at least one and described adjustable atomization plate (34) and fog output hole (35) moister-collecting hood (381) one to one, the hollow trapezoid shape three-dimensional arrangement that described moister-collecting hood (381) is top and bottom opening, it is arranged on described Ji Wugai (38) bottom it, described Ji Wugai (38) is provided with the opening identical with the bottom size of described moister-collecting hood (381) corresponding to the position of described moister-collecting hood (381) bottom, described moister-collecting hood (381) is positioned at the surface of described adjustable atomization plate (34) one to one, described fog output hole (35) is positioned at above the side of described moister-collecting hood (381) one to one.
8. a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, described Ji Wugai (38) is also provided with multiple windsheild straight up (39), described windsheild (39) stands in the both sides of moister-collecting hood described in each (381), highly identical residing for the residing height in its top and described fog output hole (35) top.
9. a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, described transport pipe (9) is provided with branch's pipe blow-through (92) that the lower end with described atomization water tank (32) sidewalls is connected near one end of described cabinet (31), described branch pipe blow-through (92) and described transport pipe (9) are in same height, and are provided with solenoid purge valve (93);
Described atomization water tank (32) is communicated with atomization blowdown pipeline (94) away from the lower end of another sidewall of described branch pipe blow-through (92), described atomization blowdown pipeline (94) is also communicated with branch's atomization blowdown pipeline (95), the two ends of described branch atomization blowdown pipeline (95) are all connected and are arranged on above described atomization blowdown pipeline (94), it is provided with and manually it is atomized blowoff electromagnetic valve (96), the position being positioned between the two ends of described branch atomization blowdown pipeline (95) on described atomization blowdown pipeline (94) is provided with automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve (97),
Described atomization water tank (32) is provided with a spillway (98) away from the upper end of another sidewall of described branch pipe blow-through (92), described spillway (98) correspondence is communicated with an overflow pipe (99), described overflow pipe (99) is connected with described atomization blowdown pipeline (94), is connected between the rear end that position is positioned at described automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve (97) and described branch atomization blowdown pipeline (95);
Described solenoid purge valve (93) and automatic atomising blowoff electromagnetic valve (97) are all connected with described controller (4) circuit.
10. a kind of wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that, described local controller (4) can arrange multiple, a described corresponding water filtration softening installation (1) of local controller (4), a water tank (2) and at least one suppressing dust with dry mist device (3), multiple described local controller (4) is all connected with main control electricity cabinet (11) circuit, described main control electricity cabinet (11) is by transmission over radio bridge (12) and the wireless connections of multiple remote computation machine (13).
11. 1 kinds of dust-suppression methods based on the wind spraying aid type ultrasonic wave micron order suppressing dust with dry mist system described in the arbitrary item of claim 1 to 10, it is characterised in that, comprise following step:
S1, described storage water liquidometer (23) is when the height of the water detected in described water tank (2) is lower than the water storage tank water level lower value set, signal is sent to described local controller (4), described local controller (4) controls described filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve (52) and opens, start working with filtering softening installation controller (7) described in control, tap water passes in the described tap water inlet channel (5) of described filtration softening installation (6), tap water in described tap water inlet channel (5) is carried out filtering and softens by described filtration softening installation (6), then by described tap water inlet channel (5) automatic transport to described water tank (2),
S2, described storage water liquidometer (23) is when the height of the water detected in described water tank (2) reaches the water storage tank water level higher limit of setting, signal is sent to described local controller (4), described local controller (4) controls described filtered water entering water electromagnetic valve (52) and closes, and then described running-water booster pump (51) closes automatically, described tap water inlet channel (5) stops water inlet, described filtration softening installation (6) stops in conveying water to described water tank (2), described local controller (4) controls described filtration softening installation controller (7) and stops work, simultaneously, described storage water temp transmitter (22) is when the temperature of water in water tank being detected lower than the temperature value set, control described storage water heater strip (21) to be heated by the water in water tank (2), reach and store up water heater strip (21) described in the temperature value control of setting and stop heating,
S3, described liquidometer (323) are when the height of water in described atomization water tank (32) being detected lower than the atomization water tank water level lower limit set, signal is sent to described local controller (4), described local controller (4) controls described thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve (91), thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump (81) and thermostat(t)ed water and goes out water solenoid valve (82) and open, and the water in described water tank (2) enters described atomization water tank (32) by described thermostat(t)ed water outlet conduit (8) and transport pipe (91);
S4, described liquidometer (323) are when the atomization cistern water level higher limit that the height of water in described atomization water tank (32) reaches setting being detected, signal is sent to described local controller (4), described local controller (4) controls described thermostat(t)ed water entering water electromagnetic valve (91), thermostat(t)ed water topping-up pump (81) and thermostat(t)ed water and goes out water solenoid valve (82) closedown, and described water tank (2) stops in conveying water to described atomization water tank (32); Simultaneously, described temperature transmitter (321) is when the temperature of atomization Water in Water Tanks being detected lower than the temperature value set, control described heater strip (322) to be heated by the water in atomization water tank (32), reach heater strip (322) described in the temperature value control of setting and stop heating;
S5, when needs dedusting, described automation controller (37) receives the dedusting work order that described local controller (4) sends, and when the water level that described liquidometer (323) detects in described atomization water tank (32) arrives the water level that described adjustable atomization plate (34) can work, control described adjustable atomization plate (34) to start working, liquid water molecules structure is broken up and produces elegant water smoke and discharge a large amount of negative ions, then after the default time, described automation controller (37) is started working by controlling described centrifugal fan driver (36) and then control described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan (33), water smoke and a large amount of negative ions are blown out the outside to described suppressing dust with dry mist device (3) from fog output hole (35), the outer dust of described suppressing dust with dry mist device (3) is adsorbed by water smoke and a large amount of negative ions, condensation and dirt fall,
The dust size in S6, described local controller (4) also each place of dedusting as required sends the work order regulating the atomization quantity size of described adjustable atomization plate (34) and the air quantity size of frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan (33) to described automation controller (37);
S7, after there is no dust, described automation controller (37) is when receiving dedusting the finish command that described local controller (4) sends, control described adjustable atomization plate (34) and stop work, and control described frequency conversion centrifugal high pressure fan (33) after the preset lime and stop work, dedusting terminates.
CN201610142587.9A 2016-03-14 2016-03-14 Air-conveying type ultrasonic wave micron-grade dry fog dust suppression system and method Pending CN105617798A (en)

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