CN105613172B - The implantation methods of selenium-rich mango - Google Patents

The implantation methods of selenium-rich mango Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105613172B
CN105613172B CN201510972680.8A CN201510972680A CN105613172B CN 105613172 B CN105613172 B CN 105613172B CN 201510972680 A CN201510972680 A CN 201510972680A CN 105613172 B CN105613172 B CN 105613172B
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parts
fertilizer
selenium
mango
organic
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CN201510972680.8A
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CN105613172A (en
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何树悠
黄日明
包鸿铭
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广西绿希望农业发展有限公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • C05D9/02Other inorganic fertilisers containing trace elements

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich mango, it is characterised in that:The step of including selection of land, nursery, field planting, trimming and finishing, fertilizer and water management, orchard management and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.The present invention is using fertilizer technologies such as Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer, selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer, organic fertilizers, not only it is effectively improved soil property environment, so that soil with organic matter and Se content greatly increase, the Se content for the mango planted out is high and Mango Output is high, Se content removes insect pest technology in 0.40 0.45mg/kg, and using plant insecticide and botanical fungicide in mango after testing, while nutrition is ensured, preferable insecticidal effect is also acted, economic benefit is very notable.

Description

The implantation methods of selenium-rich mango

Technical field

The present invention relates to the cultural method of industrial crops, more particularly to a kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich mango.

Background technology

Mango(Mangifera indica Linn), mango be also referred to as mango, vast and boundless fruit, bored fruit, honey hope, hope fruit, Buddhist nunnery polo Fruit;For the fruit of paint section plant mango, the aiphyllium of original India.The shape of mango is very interesting:Some is egg shape, is also had Circle, kidney shape, heart;There are many colors of the leather:Light green color, yellow, peony;Pulp is yellow, there is fiber, and taste is sour-sweet to differ, Aromatic, juice is more and fruit stone is big.Mango integrates tropical fruit essences, is known as " king of tropical fruit (tree) ".Mango Fruit Containing sugar, protein, crude fibre, the precursor carrotene ingredient of the vitamin A contained by mango is especially high, is in all fruit Rare.Secondly Vitamin C content is not also low.Furthermore minerals, protein, fat, carbohydrate etc. and its Major Nutrient into Point.Per the hectogram pulp .5 milligram of 56.4-137 containing vitamin C, some may be up to 189 milligrams;Sugar content 14-16%;Contain in seed 5 .6% of protein;16 .1% of fat;69 .3% of carbohydrate.Edible mango has beneficial stomach, quenches one's thirst, the function of diuresis, ripe Mango can make slow dirty agent and diuretics, seed in medicine and can then make insecticide and astringent.Mango pulp succulence, it is delicious can Mouthful, it has the flavour of peach, apricot, Lee and apple etc. concurrently, if midsummer is able to eat several, can promote the production of body fluid to quench thirst, relieve summer heat god of relaxing.

Mango is evergreen megaphanerophyte, and fruit is big, askew avette, mellow fruit yellow.Property happiness it is warm, can not resist cold frost, light.Flat Well-grown during 20-30 DEG C of equal temperature, temperature drop to slow-growing at less than 18 DEG C, and less than 10 DEG C stop growing.It is optimum Annual rainfall scope is 800-2500 millimeters.It is not tight to soil requirement, with soil layer is deep, level of ground water is low, organic matter enriches, arranges Water is good, open-textured loam and sandy loam are ideal, good in the soil-grown of subacidity to neutrality, pH5 .5-7 .5 It is good.In China Taiwan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan and south Fujian, south of Yunnan, the southeast, the west and south and Sichuan Qu Jun has mango plantation.But orchard worker is during mango is planted, due to largely apply inorganic chemical fertilizer, spray it is a variety of The insecticide of high toxicity, drug effect length severely exceeds the residual quantity of chemical fertilizer in Mango Fruit, pesticide, and such food is by people After edible, pesticide and heavy metal will be remained in human body, the life security of people can be seriously endangered.

In addition, selenium is indispensable trace element in human body, selenium and vitamin E are both anti-peroxidation substance(Peroxide Compound is harmful), also turn out that its underfed children caused by lacking protein has therapeutic effect, to some possibility Carcinogen have resistant function.The performance of human body selenium deficiency is mainly alopecia, piptonychia, and skin symptom occur in some patientss, few Number patient may occur in which nervous symptoms and tooth loss.People is slight or moderate selenium deficiency, sign or symptom unobvious.Human body selenium deficiency can The disease that can be generated:Energy deficiency malnutrition, blood hemolytic anemia, Keshan disease, Kaschin-Beck disease, hypertension, ischemic heart Disease, hepatic sclerosis, pancreatitis, fibroma, cancer, myomata, not pregnant disease, diabetes, cataract etc..The World Health Organization has been realized To the harm of selenium deficiency, so various selenium-supply health products largely generate, still, for increasingly pursuing the modern of health, people It is highly desirable to through tonic come instead of building up one's health by taking tonic.In recent years, it is rich with the enhancing of people's health care consciousness and the promotion to the selenium degree of awareness Selenium agricultural and sideline product has been widely accepted and has accepted, and forms a kind of upsurge for pursuing selenium-rich product, therefore studies selenium-rich mango tool There is important meaning.

At present, the method that foliage-spray inorganic selenium is all used for plantation selenium-rich mango, shortcoming clearly, blade face first It sprays and requires selenium fertilizer comparision contents high, the selenium fertilizer of high concentration is added with fertile cost;Secondly because foliage-spray, selenium fertilizer holds very much It easily trickles down to field, very big waste is thus caused to field runoff water and soil;Again, inorganic selenium residual quantity is often resulted in Greatly, and inorganic selenium has body apparent toxic action, and security is relatively low, it is impossible to be used in the production of organic Se-rich agricultural product.

The content of the invention

The purpose of invention is to provide a kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich mango, which, which utilizes inorganic selenium fertilizer, ferments To organic selenium fertilizer impose on mango, so as to increase the Se content of mango, increase substantially the quality of mango, economic benefit is very aobvious It writes.

The implantation methods of mango of the present invention comprise the following steps:

A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich mango, it is characterised in that:Including selection of land, nursery, field planting, trimming and finishing, rich water pipe The step of reason, orchard management and prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;And using Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer and selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer to mango It applies fertilizer, every plant applies 5-15kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers and 2-10kg selenium-rich organics liquid active fertilizer;

The material composition and parts by weight of the Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer are ecological 60-85 parts of sheep manure, paulownia bran 10-20 Part, 5-15 parts of turf, the micro- fertilizer of selenium or 0.5-3 parts of 0.5-2 parts of selenium mineral powder, bacillus subtilis and/or actinomyces live bacteria agent;

The raw material that the selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer includes following parts by weight is made:50-60 parts of rice bran, molasses 25- 0 .5-2 parts of 30 parts, 25-30 parts of sisal hemp waste water, 10-15 parts of analysis for soybean powder, 2-4 parts of egg, the micro- fertilizer of selenium or selenium mineral powder and saccharomycete 0 .1-0 .5 parts.

The selection of land is:Orchard selection it is leeward on the sunny side, back of the body north orientation south, sunshine abundance gentle slope, soil is with penetrating Property good sand loam based on, the soil gradient be not higher than 25 °;

The nursery is:Nursery is carried out using grafting method, using with it is precocious, tree crown is sturdy, growing way is energetic, straight Vertical, disease-resistant strong kind " platform agriculture No.1 " is used as stock;Using with high and stable yield, savory sweet tea, sugar content be high, product of storage tolerance Kind " hanging seven awns " uses raw then, aging branch as scion, after the intensive leaf or intensive bud on removing branch top, warp Cultivation obtains active bud, and the position full, in the same size, that illumination is sufficient of bud eye is taken to be grafted;

The field planting is:According to seeding row spacing 4m × 4m, 40-50 plants/acre of specification digs cave field planting, is per cave length and width depth 100cm×100cm×70cm;Should weeds be first placed on cave bottom during backfill, table soil and subsoil mix respectively with the fertilizer of equivalent It fills out back, backfill face should be higher than that 20-30 centimetres of ground, can be colonized after waiting the fertilizer in plant holes and soil shrinkage stabilization;

The trimming and finishing is:In field planting then, when the trunk length of treelet is to 60-70cm high, carries out pinching and inspire Branch leaves three branches and grows up to major branch after branch rudiment, after major branch complete ripeness, every allows the strong budding of its pumping again, through 1-2 Branch number is gradually expanded in time, increase tree canopy product removes sick branch, the branch on the sagging ground that withers;

The fertilizer and water management is:Before field planting 5-10kg organic fertilizers and 5-10kg Se-enriched bios are spread fertilizer over the fields in the cave bottom dug As base manure after organic fertilizer mixing, in every year by the end of February or every plant at the beginning of the 3 months organic fertilizer 5-10kg and Se-enriched bio for applying Accelerate bloom The mixed fertilizer of organic fertilizer 3-5kg, thank spend after fruiting period apply selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer as top dressing, and coordinate impose it is suitable The nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer of amount is to supplement a great number of elements;

The orchard management is:The spring tip is controlled, summer shoot of erasing protects leaf flower and fruit protecting, flower and fruit thinning after steady fruit, enhancing tree Gesture cultivates strong tree;

The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is to thrips, Mango Leaf-hopper, Chlumetia transversa Walker, mango leaf cecidomyiia, mango The prevention of snout moth class, mango weevil Class A, anthracnose, root rot, sooty mould, powdery mildew, bacterium black spot;Use vegetable source pesticide Agent biocontrol of mango insect pest uses botanical fungicide biocontrol of mango disease.

Further, the material composition of the organic fertilizer and parts by weight be 30-60 parts of organic matter, 15-20 parts of crop tangerine stalk, 2-4 parts of 15-20 parts of pineapple waste residue, 5-10 parts of human faecal mass, 5-10 parts of waste residue of Chinese herbs, 2-4 parts of compound amino acid and humic acid.

Further, the production method of the Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer comprises the following steps:In parts by weight by ecological sheep manure, Paulownia bran, turf are uniformly mixed, and obtain mixture;The micro- fertilizer of selenium of parts by weight or selenium mineral powder, withered grass gemma are added in the mixture Bacillus and/or actinomyces live bacteria agent, control moisture are uniformly mixed, build heap in 35%-50%, fermented 15-20 days at normal temperatures, i.e., It can obtain Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer.

Further, the material composition of the plant insecticide and parts by weight are:25-35 parts of galangal, Chinese prickly ash 20-30 Part, 10-15 parts of tobacco, 5-10 parts of lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus), 2-4 parts of ginkgo leaf, 2-4 parts of cloves, 2-4 parts of fruit of washing one's hands.

The application method of this plant insecticide is:500-800 times of liquid is diluted with water in plant insecticide, to mango Blade face and stalk carry out even spraying.Before optimum is at the morning 9 or in the afternoon 4 when after carry out spray fertilizer, spraying should be with Based on tender tip, spire, blade face and stalk, it is subtle that droplet is made every effort in spraying, is uniformly gathered with sharp, is sprayed onto blade and all moistens, solution It is intended to drip without falling as degree.

Further, the material composition of the botanical fungicide and parts by weight are:25-35 parts of macleaya cordata, kuh-seng 20-30 Part, 10-15 parts of baeckea frutescen, 5-10 parts of Desmos chinensis, 5-10 parts of betel nut, 2-4 parts of stone-like omphalia, 2-4 parts of Sophora alopecuroide, 2-4 parts of fruit of washing one's hands.

The application method of this botanical fungicide is:500-1000 times of liquid is diluted with water in botanical fungicide, to mango Leaf face and root carry out even spraying.Before optimum is at the morning 9 or in the afternoon 4 when after carry out spray fertilizer, spraying should Based on tender tip, spire, blade face and root, it is subtle that droplet is made every effort in spraying, is uniformly gathered with sharp, is sprayed onto blade and all moistens, fertilizer Liquid is intended to drip without falling as degree.

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:

1st, the innovation scion that present invention grafting uses is with than traditional scion seedling-growing time earlier and matter of preferably emerging Amount, it is rich with simple and easy to get, uniform quality, nutriment and growth hormone by the innovation scion (active bud) taken pains to foster The features such as rich, after graft union, the growing point of grafting obtains more nutriment and growth hormone, is the germination of seedling More substances are provided, the material base for erecting reality and abundant endogenous substance are slightly laid for the pumping of seedling, for carrying for grafting Early germination and pumping slightly quality provide more, complete nutriment.

2nd, the mango planted of the present invention have selenium content height, precocity, high and stable yield, savory sweet tea, sugar content height, it is disease-resistant by force, The features such as storage tolerance.

Inorganic selenium fertilizer is imposed on mango by the 3rd, the selenium-rich mango of the method for the present invention plantation using the organic selenium fertilizer that fermentation obtains, So that selenium element is easily absorbed fully by mango, the Se content for the mango planted out is high and Mango Output is high, after testing mango Middle Se content is in 0.40-0.45mg/kg.

4th, cultural method of the present invention is using fertilizer skills such as Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer, selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer, organic fertilizers Art is not only effectively improved soil property environment so that and soil with organic matter and Se content greatly increase, and using plant insecticide With botanical fungicide except insect pest technology, while nutrition is ensured, preferable insecticidal effect is also acted.

5th, the plant insecticide and botanical fungicide that the present invention uses are refined by herbaceous plant, abundant raw materials It is easy to get, production process is simple, at low cost, less toxic or even nontoxic to people, animal, Crop securify, environmentally safe, no drug Residual;Also there is apparent getting fat, production-increasing function, while at regulating crop growth, raising plant immune and degeneration-resistant aspect also There is apparent effect.

Specific embodiment

Embodiment 1

A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich mango, it is characterised in that:Including selection of land, nursery, field planting, trimming and finishing, rich water pipe The step of reason, orchard management and prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;And using Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer and selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer to mango It applies fertilizer, every plant applies 5kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers and 10kg selenium-rich organics liquid active fertilizer;

The material composition and parts by weight of the Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer are ecological 60 parts of sheep manure, 10 parts of paulownia bran, turf 5 Part, the micro- fertilizer of selenium or 0.5 part of 0.5 part of selenium mineral powder, bacillus subtilis and/or actinomyces live bacteria agent;

The raw material that the selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer includes following parts by weight is made:50 parts of rice bran, 25 parts of molasses, sword The micro- fertilizer of numb 25 parts of waste water, 10 parts of analysis for soybean powder, 2 parts of egg, selenium or 0.1 part of 0.5 part of selenium mineral powder and saccharomycete.

The selection of land is:Orchard selection it is leeward on the sunny side, back of the body north orientation south, sunshine abundance gentle slope, soil is with penetrating Property good sand loam based on, the soil gradient be not higher than 25 °;

The nursery is:Nursery is carried out using grafting method, using with it is precocious, tree crown is sturdy, growing way is energetic, straight Vertical, disease-resistant strong kind " platform agriculture No.1 " is used as stock;Using with high and stable yield, savory sweet tea, sugar content be high, product of storage tolerance Kind " hanging seven awns " uses raw then, aging branch as scion, after the intensive leaf or intensive bud on removing branch top, warp Cultivation obtains active bud, and the position full, in the same size, that illumination is sufficient of bud eye is taken to be grafted;

The field planting is:According to seeding row spacing 4m × 4m, 40-50 plants/acre of specification digs cave field planting, is per cave length and width depth 100cm×100cm×70cm;Should weeds be first placed on cave bottom during backfill, table soil and subsoil mix respectively with the fertilizer of equivalent It fills out back, backfill face should be higher than that 20-30 centimetres of ground, can be colonized after waiting the fertilizer in plant holes and soil shrinkage stabilization;

The trimming and finishing is:In field planting then, when the trunk length of treelet is to 60-70cm high, carries out pinching and inspire Branch leaves three branches and grows up to major branch after branch rudiment, after major branch complete ripeness, every allows the strong budding of its pumping again, through 1-2 Branch number is gradually expanded in time, increase tree canopy product removes sick branch, the branch on the sagging ground that withers;

The fertilizer and water management is:Before field planting 5-10kg organic fertilizers and 5-10kg Se-enriched bios are spread fertilizer over the fields in the cave bottom dug As base manure after organic fertilizer mixing, in every year by the end of February or every plant at the beginning of the 3 months organic fertilizer 5-10kg and Se-enriched bio for applying Accelerate bloom The mixed fertilizer of organic fertilizer 3-5kg, thank spend after fruiting period apply selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer as top dressing, and coordinate impose it is suitable The nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer of amount is to supplement a great number of elements;

The orchard management is:The spring tip is controlled, summer shoot of erasing protects leaf flower and fruit protecting, flower and fruit thinning after steady fruit, enhancing tree Gesture cultivates strong tree;

The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is to thrips, Mango Leaf-hopper, Chlumetia transversa Walker, mango leaf cecidomyiia, mango The prevention of snout moth class, mango weevil Class A, anthracnose, root rot, sooty mould, powdery mildew, bacterium black spot;Use vegetable source pesticide Agent biocontrol of mango insect pest uses botanical fungicide biocontrol of mango disease.

Embodiment 2

A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich mango, it is characterised in that:Including selection of land, nursery, field planting, trimming and finishing, rich water pipe The step of reason, orchard management and prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;And using Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer and selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer to mango It applies fertilizer, every plant applies 15kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers and 2kg selenium-rich organics liquid active fertilizer;

The material composition and parts by weight of the Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer are ecological 85 parts of sheep manure, 20 parts of paulownia bran, turf 15 parts, the micro- fertilizer of selenium or 3 parts of 2 parts of selenium mineral powder, bacillus subtilis and/or actinomyces live bacteria agent;

The raw material that the selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer includes following parts by weight is made:60 parts of rice bran, 30 parts of molasses, sword The micro- fertilizer of numb 30 parts of waste water, 15 parts of analysis for soybean powder, 4 parts of egg, selenium or 0.5 part of 2 parts of selenium mineral powder and saccharomycete.

The selection of land is:Orchard selection it is leeward on the sunny side, back of the body north orientation south, sunshine abundance gentle slope, soil is with penetrating Property good sand loam based on, the soil gradient be not higher than 25 °;

The nursery is:Nursery is carried out using grafting method, using with it is precocious, tree crown is sturdy, growing way is energetic, straight Vertical, disease-resistant strong kind " platform agriculture No.1 " is used as stock;Using with high and stable yield, savory sweet tea, sugar content be high, product of storage tolerance Kind " hanging seven awns " uses raw then, aging branch as scion, after the intensive leaf or intensive bud on removing branch top, warp Cultivation obtains active bud, and the position full, in the same size, that illumination is sufficient of bud eye is taken to be grafted;

The field planting is:According to seeding row spacing 4m × 4m, 40-50 plants/acre of specification digs cave field planting, is per cave length and width depth 100cm×100cm×70cm;Should weeds be first placed on cave bottom during backfill, table soil and subsoil mix respectively with the fertilizer of equivalent It fills out back, backfill face should be higher than that 20-30 centimetres of ground, can be colonized after waiting the fertilizer in plant holes and soil shrinkage stabilization;

The trimming and finishing is:In field planting then, when the trunk length of treelet is to 60-70cm high, carries out pinching and inspire Branch leaves three branches and grows up to major branch after branch rudiment, after major branch complete ripeness, every allows the strong budding of its pumping again, through 1-2 Branch number is gradually expanded in time, increase tree canopy product removes sick branch, the branch on the sagging ground that withers;

The fertilizer and water management is:Before field planting 5-10kg organic fertilizers and 5-10kg Se-enriched bios are spread fertilizer over the fields in the cave bottom dug As base manure after organic fertilizer mixing, in every year by the end of February or every plant at the beginning of the 3 months organic fertilizer 5-10kg and Se-enriched bio for applying Accelerate bloom The mixed fertilizer of organic fertilizer 3-5kg, thank spend after fruiting period apply selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer as top dressing, and coordinate impose it is suitable The nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer of amount is to supplement a great number of elements;

The orchard management is:The spring tip is controlled, summer shoot of erasing protects leaf flower and fruit protecting, flower and fruit thinning after steady fruit, enhancing tree Gesture cultivates strong tree;

The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is to thrips, Mango Leaf-hopper, Chlumetia transversa Walker, mango leaf cecidomyiia, mango The prevention of snout moth class, mango weevil Class A, anthracnose, root rot, sooty mould, powdery mildew, bacterium black spot;Use vegetable source pesticide Agent biocontrol of mango insect pest uses botanical fungicide biocontrol of mango disease.

Embodiment 3

A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich mango, it is characterised in that:Including selection of land, nursery, field planting, trimming and finishing, rich water pipe The step of reason, orchard management and prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;And using Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer and selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer to mango It applies fertilizer, every plant applies 10kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers and 5kg selenium-rich organics liquid active fertilizer;

The material composition and parts by weight of the Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer are ecological 70 parts of sheep manure, 14 parts of paulownia bran, turf 8 Part, the micro- fertilizer of selenium or 1 part of 1 part of selenium mineral powder, bacillus subtilis and/or actinomyces live bacteria agent;

The raw material that the selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer includes following parts by weight is made:55 parts of rice bran, 26 parts of molasses, sword The micro- fertilizer of numb 26 parts of waste water, 12 parts of analysis for soybean powder, 3 parts of egg, selenium or 0.2 part of 1 part of selenium mineral powder and saccharomycete.

The selection of land is:Orchard selection it is leeward on the sunny side, back of the body north orientation south, sunshine abundance gentle slope, soil is with penetrating Property good sand loam based on, the soil gradient be not higher than 25 °;

The nursery is:Nursery is carried out using grafting method, using with it is precocious, tree crown is sturdy, growing way is energetic, straight Vertical, disease-resistant strong kind " platform agriculture No.1 " is used as stock;Using with high and stable yield, savory sweet tea, sugar content be high, product of storage tolerance Kind " hanging seven awns " uses raw then, aging branch as scion, after the intensive leaf or intensive bud on removing branch top, warp Cultivation obtains active bud, and the position full, in the same size, that illumination is sufficient of bud eye is taken to be grafted;

The field planting is:According to seeding row spacing 4m × 4m, 40-50 plants/acre of specification digs cave field planting, is per cave length and width depth 100cm×100cm×70cm;Should weeds be first placed on cave bottom during backfill, table soil and subsoil mix respectively with the fertilizer of equivalent It fills out back, backfill face should be higher than that 20-30 centimetres of ground, can be colonized after waiting the fertilizer in plant holes and soil shrinkage stabilization;

The trimming and finishing is:In field planting then, when the trunk length of treelet is to 60-70cm high, carries out pinching and inspire Branch leaves three branches and grows up to major branch after branch rudiment, after major branch complete ripeness, every allows the strong budding of its pumping again, through 1-2 Branch number is gradually expanded in time, increase tree canopy product removes sick branch, the branch on the sagging ground that withers;

The fertilizer and water management is:Before field planting 5-10kg organic fertilizers and 5-10kg Se-enriched bios are spread fertilizer over the fields in the cave bottom dug As base manure after organic fertilizer mixing, in every year by the end of February or every plant at the beginning of the 3 months organic fertilizer 5-10kg and Se-enriched bio for applying Accelerate bloom The mixed fertilizer of organic fertilizer 3-5kg, thank spend after fruiting period apply selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer as top dressing, and coordinate impose it is suitable The nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer of amount is to supplement a great number of elements;

The orchard management is:The spring tip is controlled, summer shoot of erasing protects leaf flower and fruit protecting, flower and fruit thinning after steady fruit, enhancing tree Gesture cultivates strong tree;

The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is to thrips, Mango Leaf-hopper, Chlumetia transversa Walker, mango leaf cecidomyiia, mango The prevention of snout moth class, mango weevil Class A, anthracnose, root rot, sooty mould, powdery mildew, bacterium black spot;Use vegetable source pesticide Agent biocontrol of mango insect pest uses botanical fungicide biocontrol of mango disease.

Embodiment 4

A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich mango, it is characterised in that:Including selection of land, nursery, field planting, trimming and finishing, rich water pipe The step of reason, orchard management and prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;And using Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer and selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer to mango It applies fertilizer, every plant applies 12kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers and 8kg selenium-rich organics liquid active fertilizer;

The material composition and parts by weight of the Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer are ecological 80 parts of sheep manure, 18 parts of paulownia bran, turf 12 parts, the micro- fertilizer of selenium or 2 parts of 1.5 parts of selenium mineral powder, bacillus subtilis and/or actinomyces live bacteria agent;

The raw material that the selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer includes following parts by weight is made:58 parts of rice bran, 28 parts of molasses, sword The micro- fertilizer of numb 28 parts of waste water, 14 parts of analysis for soybean powder, 3 parts of egg, selenium or 0.4 part of 1.5 parts of selenium mineral powder and saccharomycete.

The selection of land is:Orchard selection it is leeward on the sunny side, back of the body north orientation south, sunshine abundance gentle slope, soil is with penetrating Property good sand loam based on, the soil gradient be not higher than 25 °;

The nursery is:Nursery is carried out using grafting method, using with it is precocious, tree crown is sturdy, growing way is energetic, straight Vertical, disease-resistant strong kind " platform agriculture No.1 " is used as stock;Using with high and stable yield, savory sweet tea, sugar content be high, product of storage tolerance Kind " hanging seven awns " uses raw then, aging branch as scion, after the intensive leaf or intensive bud on removing branch top, warp Cultivation obtains active bud, and the position full, in the same size, that illumination is sufficient of bud eye is taken to be grafted;

The field planting is:According to seeding row spacing 4m × 4m, 40-50 plants/acre of specification digs cave field planting, is per cave length and width depth 100cm×100cm×70cm;Should weeds be first placed on cave bottom during backfill, table soil and subsoil mix respectively with the fertilizer of equivalent It fills out back, backfill face should be higher than that 20-30 centimetres of ground, can be colonized after waiting the fertilizer in plant holes and soil shrinkage stabilization;

The trimming and finishing is:In field planting then, when the trunk length of treelet is to 60-70cm high, carries out pinching and inspire Branch leaves three branches and grows up to major branch after branch rudiment, after major branch complete ripeness, every allows the strong budding of its pumping again, through 1-2 Branch number is gradually expanded in time, increase tree canopy product removes sick branch, the branch on the sagging ground that withers;

The fertilizer and water management is:Before field planting 5-10kg organic fertilizers and 5-10kg Se-enriched bios are spread fertilizer over the fields in the cave bottom dug As base manure after organic fertilizer mixing, in every year by the end of February or every plant at the beginning of the 3 months organic fertilizer 5-10kg and Se-enriched bio for applying Accelerate bloom The mixed fertilizer of organic fertilizer 3-5kg, thank spend after fruiting period apply selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer as top dressing, and coordinate impose it is suitable The nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer of amount is to supplement a great number of elements;

The orchard management is:The spring tip is controlled, summer shoot of erasing protects leaf flower and fruit protecting, flower and fruit thinning after steady fruit, enhancing tree Gesture cultivates strong tree;

The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is to thrips, Mango Leaf-hopper, Chlumetia transversa Walker, mango leaf cecidomyiia, mango The prevention of snout moth class, mango weevil Class A, anthracnose, root rot, sooty mould, powdery mildew, bacterium black spot;Use vegetable source pesticide Agent biocontrol of mango insect pest uses botanical fungicide biocontrol of mango disease.

The plantation situation table of 1 mango of table:

4000 jin of implantation methods per mu yield mango of selenium-rich mango of the present invention or more, 0.45 more than mg/kg of Se content, parasitosis Evil rate is below 14%, remarkable in economical benefits.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich mango, it is characterised in that:Including selection of land, nursery, field planting, trimming and finishing, fertilizer and water management, The step of orchard management and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;And mango is carried out using Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer and selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer Fertilising, every plant apply 5-15kg Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizers and 2-10kg selenium-rich organics liquid active fertilizer;
The material composition and parts by weight of the Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer are ecological 60-85 parts of sheep manure, 10-20 parts of paulownia bran, grass The micro- fertilizer of 5-15 parts of charcoal, selenium or 0.5-3 parts of 0.5-2 parts of selenium mineral powder, bacillus subtilis and/or actinomyces live bacteria agent;
The production method of Se-enriched bio-organic fertilizer comprises the following steps:Ecological sheep manure, paulownia bran, turf are mixed in parts by weight equal It is even, obtain mixture;The micro- fertilizer of selenium of parts by weight or selenium mineral powder, bacillus subtilis and/or actinomyces are added in the mixture Live bacteria agent, control moisture are uniformly mixed, build heap in 35%-50%, fermented 15-20 days at normal temperatures, you can obtaining Se-enriched bio has Machine fertilizer;
The raw material that the selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer includes following parts by weight is made:50-60 parts of rice bran, 25-30 parts of molasses, The micro- fertilizer of 25-30 parts of sisal hemp waste water, 10-15 parts of analysis for soybean powder, 2-4 parts of egg, selenium or 0.5-2 parts of selenium mineral powder and saccharomycete 0.1-0.5 Part.
2. the implantation methods of selenium-rich mango according to claim 1, including selection of land, nursery, field planting, trimming and finishing, rich water The step of management, orchard management and prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, it is characterised in that:It is as follows:
The selection of land is:Orchard selection it is leeward on the sunny side, back of the body north orientation south, sunshine abundance gentle slope, soil is good with permeability Based on good sand loam, the soil gradient is not higher than 25 °;
The nursery is:Nursery is carried out using grafting method, using with it is precocious, tree crown is sturdy, growing way is energetic, upright, anti- The strong kind " platform agriculture No.1 " of disease is used as stock;It " is hung using the kind with high and stable yield, savory sweet tea, sugar content height, storage tolerance Seven awns " are used as scion, and using raw then, aging branch, after removing intensive leaf or the intensive bud on branch top, through cultivating To active bud, the position full, in the same size, that illumination is sufficient of bud eye is taken to be grafted;
The field planting is:According to seeding row spacing 4m × 4m, 40-50 plants/acre of specification digs cave field planting, per cave length and width depth for 100cm × 100cm×70cm;Should weeds be first placed on cave bottom during backfill, table soil and subsoil mix with the fertilizer of equivalent fill out back respectively, return The face of banketing should be higher than that 20-30 centimetres of ground, can be colonized after waiting the fertilizer in plant holes and soil shrinkage stabilization;
The trimming and finishing is:In field planting then, when the trunk length of treelet is to 60-70cm high, carries out pinching and inspire branch, Three branches are left after branch rudiment and grow up to major branch, after major branch complete ripeness, every allows the strong budding of its pumping again, through the 1-2 years Interior gradual amplification branch number, increase tree canopy product remove sick branch, the branch on the sagging ground that withers;
The fertilizer and water management is:5-10kg organic fertilizers are spread fertilizer over the fields in the cave bottom dug and 5-10kg Se-enriched bios are organic before field planting As base manure after fertilizer mixing, in every year by the end of February or every plant at the beginning of the 3 months organic fertilizer 5-10kg for applying Accelerate bloom and Se-enriched bio it is organic The mixed fertilizer of fertile 3-5kg, thank spend after fruiting period apply selenium-rich organic liquid active fertilizer as top dressing, and coordinate impose it is suitable Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer is to supplement a great number of elements;
The orchard management is:The spring tip is controlled, summer shoot of erasing protects leaf flower and fruit protecting, and flower and fruit thinning after steady fruit enhances tree vigo(u)r, Cultivate strong tree;
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is to thrips, Mango Leaf-hopper, Chlumetia transversa Walker, mango leaf cecidomyiia, mango snout moth The prevention of class, mango weevil Class A, anthracnose, root rot, sooty mould, powdery mildew, bacterium black spot;Prevented using plant insecticide Mango insect pest is controlled, uses botanical fungicide biocontrol of mango disease.
3. the implantation methods of selenium-rich mango according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The material composition of the organic fertilizer and Parts by weight are 30-60 parts of organic matter, 15-20 parts of crop tangerine stalk, 15-20 parts of pineapple waste residue, 5-10 parts of human faecal mass, waste residue of Chinese herbs 2-4 parts of 5-10 parts, 2-4 parts of compound amino acid and humic acid.
4. the implantation methods of selenium-rich mango according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The material of the plant insecticide Ingredient and parts by weight are:25-35 parts of galangal, 20-30 parts of Chinese prickly ash, 10-15 parts of tobacco, 5-10 parts of lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus), ginkgo leaf 2-4 Part, 2-4 parts of cloves, 2-4 parts of fruit of washing one's hands.
5. the implantation methods of selenium-rich mango according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The material of the botanical fungicide Ingredient and parts by weight are:25-35 parts of macleaya cordata, 20-30 parts of kuh-seng, 10-15 parts of baeckea frutescen, 5-10 parts of Desmos chinensis, betel nut 5-10 Part, 2-4 parts of stone-like omphalia, 2-4 parts of Sophora alopecuroide, 2-4 parts of fruit of washing one's hands.
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