CN105613023A - Japanese Bupleurum Falcatum L. planting method - Google Patents

Japanese Bupleurum Falcatum L. planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105613023A
CN105613023A CN201610134300.8A CN201610134300A CN105613023A CN 105613023 A CN105613023 A CN 105613023A CN 201610134300 A CN201610134300 A CN 201610134300A CN 105613023 A CN105613023 A CN 105613023A
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Prior art keywords
bupleurum falcatum
planting
soil
falcatum
bupleurum
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CN201610134300.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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尚杰
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尚杰
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B77/00Machines for lifting and treating soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention discloses a Japanese Bupleurum Falcatum L. planting method. The method includes steps of land selection and land preparation, seed selection and treatment, seeding, fertilizing, pest control and harvesting. After seeding, a saline-alkali soil amendment is applied before earthing up, thus seeding holes are in a neutral or weak acidic environment to enable Bupleurum Falcatum L. to grow in saline-alkali soil, Bupleurum Falcatum L. planting area is increased, and soil condition limitations are reduced. By adoption of special compound fertilizers and addition of leaf mould and farm soil, the defect of lack of microelements of traditional fertilizers is overcome while excellent water drainage performance, air permeability and moisture and fertility retaining performances are realized, and Bupleurum Falcatum L. yield increase is promoted to some extent. The Japanese Bupleurum Falcatum L. planting method is wide in application range and suitable for large-area planting of Bupleurum Falcatum L., and demands of people on Bupleurum Falcatum L. which is herbal medicine can be met.

Description

The kind method for planting of a kind of Japan Bupleurum falcatum
Technical field
The invention belongs to herbal medicine planting technology field, it is specifically related to the kind method for planting of a kind of Japan Bupleurum falcatum.
Background technology
Japan's Bupleurum falcatum is again Japan's No. 31 radix bupleuri, island, river radix bupleuri or Bupleurum falcatum, is the radix bupleuri new variety introduced from Japan. No. 31 radix bupleuri are the dry root on island, samphire river radix bupleuri (BupleurumfalcatumL.), for the main source of radix bupleuri in Japanese Kampo, tool removing toxic substances, antipyretic, analgesia, anti-inflammatory and the effect such as strong, be widely used in catching a cold and the control of hepatitis in Japan. Island, river radix bupleuri originates in the ground such as Japan and Korea, and nineteen sixty-five starts artificial culture, but turnout only can meet about the 10% of demand in Japan. There is produced in smaller volumes on the ground such as present China Henan, Beijing. Because of medicinal ingredients height, good effect, supply falls short of demand throughout the year in market. Bupleurum falcatum adaptability is very strong, and China's most area all can plant growth, is the best kind of adjustment pattern of farming and conceding the land to forestry. Plant then, gather then, general per mu yield dry product 60-100 kilogram, and about 40 kilograms, seed of can gathering. Per mu yield value reaches about 7000 yuan. Owing to market is in short supply, it is certain about development plantation on opportunity, remarkable benefit.
China Patent Publication No. CN103875396A, publication date on 06 25th, 2014, this scheme relates to the kind method for planting of a kind of radix bupleuri, by whole, sow, topdress water, plantation that the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control and 5 steps such as gather realize radix bupleuri, but this kind of method knowledge improves the seed output and quality followed, and too much agricultural chemicals applies and easily causes environmental pollution. China Patent Publication No. CN104521461A, publication date on 04 22nd, 2015, this scheme relates to the artificial breeding kind method for planting of a kind of wild Radix Bupleuri, it is characterized in that, choose wild Radix Bupleuri healthy plant, plant in simulation wild environment in, simulation wild environment height above sea level be 900 meters and more than; Selecting the seed of healthy high-quality plant after 2 years, by seed through selection by winnowing, screening, removal is shrivelled, tiny and percentage of germination is not high seed, gained high quality seed is cultivated; Repeating above-mentioned steps 3-4 wheel, screening obtains high quality seed, and adapts to the radix bupleuri kind of local weather water and soil. The present invention provides the artificial breeding kind method for planting of a kind of wild Radix Bupleuri, plants by the method achieving the artificial breeding to wild Radix Bupleuri, and gained Radix Bupleuri seed is full, percentage of germination height, can use local climate. The seed that but this kind of method merely illustrates wild Radix Bupleuri is full, and the output increased of radix bupleuri is not had a specific description, and subject range is narrower, is not suitable for establishing in large scale by percentage of germination height.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of output height, strong adaptability, can the kind method for planting of Japanese Bupleurum falcatum of establishing in large scale.
A kind method for planting for Japan's Bupleurum falcatum, comprises the following steps:
1) selection of land and whole
Selecting loosen the folder sandy soil fertile, draining is good or silty loam plantation, apply base manure during whole ground, after ploughing deeply, the thin leveling of rake, does the furrow of wide about 1.3 meters;
2) selection of seed and process
Growth selection is healthy and strong, reserve seed for planting without the radix bupleuri plant of disease and pest, life in 2 years, with the dilute liquid medicine process bupleurum falcatum seed of the 2000-4000 of the commercial plant growth regulator (CN1016307B) of a kind of " love agriculture " times, then clean liquid, wrap into wet towel;
3) sow
In late January to early March, selecting the bupleurum falcatum seed that chemicals treatment is crossed, hole pressing is apart from 35cm �� 25cm bunch planting, and 9��12, every cave, first covers saline soil 2��4cm after broadcasting, then earthing 3��5cm, last overlay film;
4) apply fertilizer
1. in seedling stage, adopt the method spread fertilizer over the fields to apply the composite fertilizer special of 2/3 in Bupleurum falcatum, after fertilising, carry out irrigation of watering;
2. enter flowering period, impose the composite fertilizer special of remaining 1/3, adopt the method spread fertilizer over the fields, after fertilising, carry out irrigation of watering;
5) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
1. Bupleurum falcatum disease mainly contains root rot and spot blight, when root rot occurs, doubly waters root control with 50% derosal or thiophanate methyl 800; When spot blight occurs, spray 600 times of mixed solution controls of Bordeaux mixture and 50% zinc manganese ethylenebisdithiocarbamate;
2. Bupleurum falcatum insect pest mainly aphid, turns green and seedling stage endangers blade in early spring, causes plant strain growth bad even withered, therefore in the insect pest emergence period, with 40% dimethoate emulsifiable concentrate, 1000 times of liquid or 50% Aphox, 3000 times of liquid spraying controls 3��4 times;
6) gather in the crops
After sowing, late September is to early October, gathers in the crops after overground part is withered.
Further, described step 3) in saline soil be made up of vermiculite, field soil and fermentation broomcorn straw mixing, its blending ratio is: vermiculite: field soil: fermentation broomcorn straw=2:5:3.
Further, described step 4) in specific complex fertilizer formula be: urea 40-60 part, ammonium sulfate 20-30 part, calcium superphosphate 25-35 part, bone meal 10-20 part, rhizoma atractylodis 5-10 part, leaf-humidified soil 3-5 part, garden soil 2-4 part, borax 1-3 part, Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate 2-3 part.
The useful effect of the present invention
1. after the present invention sows, first cover saline soil earthing again, so just make sowing nest cave be in the environment of neutrality or acidity on the weak side so that radix bupleuri can grow in saltings, has widened the cultivated area of radix bupleuri, reduces the restriction of edaphic condition.
2. the present invention's employing of applying fertilizer is a kind of composite fertilizer special, and supplement conventional fertilizers lack trace element deficiency, adding leaf-humidified soil and garden soil, have good draining, ventilation property and preserve moisture and fertility ability, the raising for the output of Bupleurum falcatum has certain promoter action.
3. wide accommodation of the present invention, is applicable to the establishing in large scale of Bupleurum falcatum, as a kind of Chinese medicinal materials, meets people to its demand.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind method for planting for Japan's Bupleurum falcatum, comprises the following steps:
1) selection of land and whole
Selecting loosen the folder sandy soil fertile, draining is good or silty loam plantation, apply base manure during whole ground, after ploughing deeply, the thin leveling of rake, does the furrow of wide about 1.3 meters;
2) selection of seed and process
Growth selection is healthy and strong, reserve seed for planting without the radix bupleuri plant of disease and pest, life in 2 years, processes bupleurum falcatum seed with the dilute liquid medicines of 2000 times of the commercial plant growth regulator (CN1016307B) of a kind of " love agriculture ", and then clean liquid, wraps into wet towel;
3) sow
In late January, selecting the bupleurum falcatum seed that chemicals treatment is crossed, hole pressing is apart from 35cm �� 25cm bunch planting, and 9, every cave, first covers saline soil 2cm after broadcasting, then earthing 3cm, last overlay film;
4) apply fertilizer
1. in seedling stage, adopt the method spread fertilizer over the fields to apply the composite fertilizer special of 2/3 in Bupleurum falcatum, after fertilising, carry out irrigation of watering;
2. enter flowering period, impose the composite fertilizer special of remaining 1/3, adopt the method spread fertilizer over the fields, after fertilising, carry out irrigation of watering;
5) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
1. Bupleurum falcatum disease mainly contains root rot and spot blight, when root rot occurs, waters root control with 50% derosal; When spot blight occurs, spray 600 times of mixed solution controls of Bordeaux mixture and 50% zinc manganese ethylenebisdithiocarbamate;
2. Bupleurum falcatum insect pest mainly aphid, turns green and seedling stage endangers blade in early spring, causes plant strain growth bad even withered, therefore in the insect pest emergence period, with 40% dimethoate emulsifiable concentrate, 1000 times of liquid spraying controls 3 times;
6) gather in the crops
Late September after sowing, gather in the crops after overground part is withered.
Saline soil is made up of vermiculite, field soil and fermentation broomcorn straw mixing, and its blending ratio is: vermiculite: field soil: fermentation broomcorn straw=2:5:3.
Specific complex fertilizer formula is: 40 parts, urea, 20 parts, ammonium sulfate, calcium superphosphate 25 parts, bone meal 10 parts, rhizoma atractylodis 5 parts, leaf-humidified soil 3 parts, 2 parts, garden soil, borax 1 part, Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate 2 parts.
Embodiment 2
A kind method for planting for Japan's Bupleurum falcatum, comprises the following steps:
1) selection of land and whole
Selecting loosen the folder sandy soil fertile, draining is good or silty loam plantation, apply base manure during whole ground, after ploughing deeply, the thin leveling of rake, does the furrow of wide about 1.3 meters;
2) selection of seed and process
Growth selection is healthy and strong, reserve seed for planting without the radix bupleuri plant of disease and pest, life in 2 years, processes bupleurum falcatum seed with the dilute liquid medicines of 4000 times of the commercial plant growth regulator (CN1016307B) of a kind of " love agriculture ", and then clean liquid, wraps into wet towel;
3) sow
At early March, selecting the bupleurum falcatum seed that chemicals treatment is crossed, hole pressing is apart from 35cm �� 25cm bunch planting, and 12, every cave, first covers saline soil 4cm after broadcasting, then earthing 5cm, last overlay film;
4) apply fertilizer
1. in seedling stage, adopt the method spread fertilizer over the fields to apply the composite fertilizer special of 2/3 in Bupleurum falcatum, after fertilising, carry out irrigation of watering;
2. enter flowering period, impose the composite fertilizer special of remaining 1/3, adopt the method spread fertilizer over the fields, after fertilising, carry out irrigation of watering;
5) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
1. Bupleurum falcatum disease mainly contains root rot and spot blight, when root rot occurs, doubly waters root control with thiophanate methyl 800; When spot blight occurs, spray 600 times of mixed solution controls of Bordeaux mixture and 50% zinc manganese ethylenebisdithiocarbamate;
2. Bupleurum falcatum insect pest mainly aphid, turns green and seedling stage endangers blade in early spring, causes plant strain growth bad even withered, therefore in the insect pest emergence period, with 50% Aphox, 3000 times of liquid spraying controls 4 times;
6) gather in the crops
Early October after sowing, gather in the crops after overground part is withered.
Saline soil is made up of vermiculite, field soil and fermentation broomcorn straw mixing, and its blending ratio is: vermiculite: field soil: fermentation broomcorn straw=2:5:3.
Specific complex fertilizer formula is: 60 parts, urea, 30 parts, ammonium sulfate, calcium superphosphate 35 parts, bone meal 20 parts, rhizoma atractylodis 10 parts, leaf-humidified soil 5 parts, 4 parts, garden soil, borax 3 parts, Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate 3 parts.
Embodiment 3
A kind method for planting for Japan's Bupleurum falcatum, comprises the following steps:
1) selection of land and whole
Selecting loosen the folder sandy soil fertile, draining is good or silty loam plantation, apply base manure during whole ground, after ploughing deeply, the thin leveling of rake, does the furrow of wide about 1.3 meters;
2) selection of seed and process
Growth selection is healthy and strong, reserve seed for planting without the radix bupleuri plant of disease and pest, life in 2 years, processes bupleurum falcatum seed with the dilute liquid medicines of 3000 times of the commercial plant growth regulator (CN1016307B) of a kind of " love agriculture ", and then clean liquid, wraps into wet towel;
3) sow
In mid-February, selecting the bupleurum falcatum seed that chemicals treatment is crossed, hole pressing is apart from 35cm �� 25cm bunch planting, and 11, every cave, first covers saline soil 3cm after broadcasting, then earthing 4cm, last overlay film;
4) apply fertilizer
1. in seedling stage, adopt the method spread fertilizer over the fields to apply the composite fertilizer special of 2/3 in Bupleurum falcatum, after fertilising, carry out irrigation of watering;
2. enter flowering period, impose the composite fertilizer special of remaining 1/3, adopt the method spread fertilizer over the fields, after fertilising, carry out irrigation of watering;
5) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
1. Bupleurum falcatum disease mainly contains root rot and spot blight, when root rot occurs, waters root control with 50% derosal; When spot blight occurs, spray 600 times of mixed solution controls of Bordeaux mixture and 50% zinc manganese ethylenebisdithiocarbamate;
2. Bupleurum falcatum insect pest mainly aphid, turns green and seedling stage endangers blade in early spring, causes plant strain growth bad even withered, therefore in the insect pest emergence period, with 40% dimethoate emulsifiable concentrate, 1000 times of liquid times liquid spraying controls 4 times;
6) gather in the crops
Early October after sowing, gather in the crops after overground part is withered.
Further, described step 3) in saline soil be made up of vermiculite, field soil and fermentation broomcorn straw mixing, its blending ratio is: vermiculite: field soil: fermentation broomcorn straw=2:5:3.
Further, described step 4) in specific complex fertilizer formula be: 50 parts, urea, 25 parts, ammonium sulfate, calcium superphosphate 30 parts, bone meal 15 parts, rhizoma atractylodis 8 parts, leaf-humidified soil 4 parts, garden soil 3 parts, borax 2 parts, Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate 2 parts.
Embodiment 4: contrasted by the kind method for planting of the Japanese Bupleurum falcatum of the present invention and traditional cultivation method, such as table 1.
Table 1
By the kind method for planting of the Bupleurum falcatum of the present invention, the strain Gao Keda 81cm of radix bupleuri, breeding time shortened to 165-170 days by original 190-200 days, and output rises to 60kg/ mu by 40kg/ mu, and units increased in production can reach 50%.

Claims (3)

1. the kind method for planting of a Japanese Bupleurum falcatum, it is characterised in that:
1) selection of land and whole
Selecting loosen the folder sandy soil fertile, draining is good or silty loam plantation, apply base manure during whole ground, after ploughing deeply, the thin leveling of rake, does the furrow of wide about 1.3 meters;
2) selection of seed and process
Growth selection is healthy and strong, reserve seed for planting without the radix bupleuri plant of disease and pest, life in 2 years, with the dilute liquid medicine process bupleurum falcatum seed of the 2000-4000 of the commercial plant growth regulator (CN1016307B) of a kind of " love agriculture " times, then clean liquid, wrap into wet towel;
3) sow
In late January to early March, selecting the bupleurum falcatum seed that chemicals treatment is crossed, hole pressing is apart from 35cm �� 25cm bunch planting, and 9��12, every cave, first covers saline soil 2��4cm after broadcasting, then earthing 3��5cm, last overlay film;
4) apply fertilizer
1. in seedling stage, adopt the method spread fertilizer over the fields to apply the composite fertilizer special of 2/3 in Bupleurum falcatum, after fertilising, carry out irrigation of watering;
2. enter flowering period, impose the composite fertilizer special of remaining 1/3, adopt the method spread fertilizer over the fields, after fertilising, carry out irrigation of watering;
5) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
1. Bupleurum falcatum disease mainly contains root rot and spot blight, when root rot occurs, doubly waters root control with 50% derosal or thiophanate methyl 800; When spot blight occurs, spray 600 times of mixed solution controls of Bordeaux mixture and 50% zinc manganese ethylenebisdithiocarbamate;
2. Bupleurum falcatum insect pest mainly aphid, turns green and seedling stage endangers blade in early spring, causes plant strain growth bad even withered, therefore in the insect pest emergence period, with 40% dimethoate emulsifiable concentrate, 1000 times of liquid or 50% Aphox, 3000 times of liquid spraying controls 3��4 times;
6) gather in the crops
After sowing, late September is to early October, gathers in the crops after overground part is withered.
2. the kind method for planting of a kind of Japan according to claim 1 Bupleurum falcatum, it is characterized in that described step 3) in saline soil by vermiculite, field soil and fermentation broomcorn straw mixing form, its blending ratio is: vermiculite: field soil: fermentation broomcorn straw=2:5:3.
3. according to claim 1 a kind of Japan Bupleurum falcatum kind method for planting, it is characterised in that described step 4) in specific complex fertilizer formula be: urea 40-60 part, ammonium sulfate 20-30 part, calcium superphosphate 25-35 part, bone meal 10-20 part, rhizoma atractylodis 5-10 part, leaf-humidified soil 3-5 part, garden soil 2-4 part, borax 1-3 part, Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate 2-3 part.
CN201610134300.8A 2016-03-08 2016-03-08 Japanese Bupleurum Falcatum L. planting method Pending CN105613023A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106550760A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-04-05 李路哲 A kind of method that milpa interplants radix bupleuri
CN112243819A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-01-22 河北省农林科学院植物保护研究所 Method for planting Chinese yam

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106550760A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-04-05 李路哲 A kind of method that milpa interplants radix bupleuri
CN112243819A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-01-22 河北省农林科学院植物保护研究所 Method for planting Chinese yam

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Application publication date: 20160601