CN105605763A - Filter material for air conditioners and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Filter material for air conditioners and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105605763A
CN105605763A CN201610189342.1A CN201610189342A CN105605763A CN 105605763 A CN105605763 A CN 105605763A CN 201610189342 A CN201610189342 A CN 201610189342A CN 105605763 A CN105605763 A CN 105605763A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
melt
blown
idle call
filter cotton
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610189342.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈映飞
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Jiangsu Shenyang Environment Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Shenyang Environment Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Shenyang Environment Protection Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Shenyang Environment Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610189342.1A priority Critical patent/CN105605763A/en
Publication of CN105605763A publication Critical patent/CN105605763A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters

Abstract

The invention discloses a filter material for air conditioners. The filter material comprises an adsorption layer, two polyester framework layers, melt-blown nonwoven fabric layers subjected to electrostatic treatment, anion additive layers and melt-blown filter cotton layers subjected to electrostatic treatment, wherein the two polyester framework layers are respectively positioned on both sides of the adsorption layer; each melt-blown nonwoven fabric layer is arranged on the corresponding polyester framework layer; each anion additive layer is arranged on the corresponding melt-blown nonwoven fabric layer; and each melt-blown filter cotton layer is arranged on the corresponding anion additive layer. The filter material effectively solves the problem of PM2.5 and other solid particles in air, can effectively filter out TVOCs (total volatile organic compounds) and other toxic gases, ensures the indoor air quality, and effectively reduces the trouble caused by the air problem to people.

Description

A kind of idle call filtering material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of filtering material, particularly, relate to a kind of filtering material and preparation thereof of idle callMethod.
Background technology
Along with economic fast development, the environmental problem of leaving in evolution more and more highlights, wherein, and skyGas problem is particularly serious. In air, the toxic gas such as solid particle and TVOC such as PM2.5 is increasing, tightHeavily threatening that people's is healthy. The data that provide according to development fields of environmental monitoring in china center, China is every year by Interior SpaceGas pollutes the death toll that exceeds the quata causing can reach 11.1 ten thousand people, and the outpatient service number that exceeds the quata can reach 220,000 person-times, and urgency exceeds the quataExamine number and can reach 4,300,000 person-times. Serious environmental pollution not only causes damage to health of people, and has causedHuge economic loss. Under this background, state's inner air-cleaning industry develops rapidly, and air conditioner industry is face alsoFacing revolution again, how to realize better air filtration, air-conditioning is better served to masses, is numerousThe problem that manufacturer is concerned about.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of filtering material of idle call,It efficiently solves the problem of the solid particle such as PM2.5 in air, and can effectively filter TVOC etc. and havePoisonous gas, has ensured IAQ, effectively reduces air problem and bring people's puzzlement.
For addressing the above problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of idle call filtering material, comprises the melt-blown nonwoven after adsorption layer, polyester backbone layer, Electrostatic TreatmentMelt-blown filter cotton layer after layer of cloth, anionic additive layer and Electrostatic Treatment, described polyester backbone layer is two-layer,Lay respectively at adsorption layer both sides, described melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth is arranged on polyester backbone layer, and described anion addsAdd agent layer and be arranged on melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth, described melt-blown filter cotton layer is arranged on anionic additive layer.
Preferably, in described anionic additive layer, anionic additive component comprises H2O、SiO2、Al2O3、B2O3、TiO2、Fe2O3、FeO、MgO、Li2O and MnO, described anionic additive layer thickness is0.05-0.1mm。
Preferably, in described anionic additive, each constituent mass percentage is: H2O50%、SiO223%、Al2O318.5%、B2O35.5%、TiO21.5%、Fe2O30.7%、FeO0.4%、MgO0.2%、Li2O0.1% and MnO0.1%.
Preferably, in described adsorption layer, adsorbent is any one or several in active carbon, aluminium oxide, diatomite,Described adsorbent layer thickness is 1.2-1.5mm.
Preferably, described melt spraying non-woven fabrics layer material is polypropylene or PETG, described inMelt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth is two-layer, and every layer thickness is 0.15-0.18mm.
Preferably, described melt-blown filter cotton layer material is polypropylene or PETG, described inMelt-blown filter cotton layer is two-layer, and every layer thickness is 0.3-0.45mm.
Preferably, described polyester backbone layer material is PETG or poly terephthalic acid fourthDiol ester, every layer thickness is 0.2-0.25mm.
A preparation method for idle call filtering material, comprising:
1) melt spraying non-woven fabrics and melt-blown filter cotton are carried out respectively to plasma treatment and the processing of constant voltage corona charging;Anionic additive component is mixed for subsequent use;
2) with water-soluble nanometer binder by melt spraying non-woven fabrics and polyester backbone bonding and compound after,Under 60~65 DEG C of conditions, dry, make its solidifying and setting, obtain the melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth and the polyester bone that fit togetherRack-layer;
3) in step 2) in the polyester backbone layer surface coating hot-melt adhesive that obtains, adsorbent is laid in to hot meltThe polyester backbone layer that has applied PUR with other one deck behind glue surface carries out compound; Meanwhile, at melt-blown nonwovenLayer of cloth surface applies the hydrosol, anionic additive is laid in behind hydrosol surface and has applied the hydrosolMelt-blown filter cotton carry out compound after, under 60~65 DEG C of conditions, dry, make its solidifying and setting, obtain adsorption layer,Anionic additive layer and melt-blown filter cotton layer, obtain idle call filtering material.
Further, described step 1) ionic medium while processing running parameter be: electric current 0.30~1.0A, outputFrequency 6.0~9.0KHz.
Further, described step 1) in constant voltage corona charging process time running parameter be: electric current-0.50~-1.00mA, electret distance 10~20cm, 5s in polarization time.
Compared to existing technology, beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1, the present invention efficiently solves the problem of the solid particle such as PM2.5 in air, and effective mistakeThe toxic gases such as filter TVOC, have ensured IAQ, effectively reduce air problem and bring the tired of peopleDisturb;
2, polyester backbone layer has good elasticity, can play adsorbing material to inside and play good propping upSupport and protective effect, improve the intensity of filtering material, thereby extend its service life;
3, melt spraying non-woven fabrics and melt-blown filter cotton, through plasma treatment and the processing of constant voltage corona charging, can be caught skyPowder dust particle in gas, when the charged corpuscle in it in existence of electrostatic field guarantee air-flow passes through material fiber hole,Caught easily, thereby greatly improved solid pollutant filter efficiency;
4, anionic additive layer and adsorption layer can be realized the filtration of the gas pollutant such as TVOC, formaldehyde,Realize the high purification efficiency to air cleaning;
5, the curing processing of each layer, can fully ensure conjugation between layers, improves making of filtering materialUse the life-span.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is idle call filtering material structural representation in the present invention;
Wherein, 1 is that adsorption layer, 2 is that polyester backbone layer, 3 is that melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth, 4 is that anion addsAgent layer, 5 is melt-blown filter cotton layer.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, be idle call filtering material in the present invention, comprise adsorption layer 1, polyester backbone layer 2,Melt-blown filter cotton after melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth 3, anionic additive layer 4 and Electrostatic Treatment after Electrostatic TreatmentLayer 5, polyester backbone layer 2 is two-layer, lays respectively at adsorption layer 1 both sides, melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth 3 is arranged onOn polyester backbone layer 2,4 layers of anionic additives are arranged on melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth 3, melt-blown filter cotton layer5 are arranged on anionic additive layer 4.
Embodiment 1
Preparation idle call filtering material, comprises step:
1) melt spraying non-woven fabrics and melt-blown filter cotton are carried out respectively to plasma treatment and the processing of constant voltage corona charging;Anionic additive is mixed for subsequent use; When plasma treatment, running parameter is: electric current 0.5A, output frequentlyRate 8.0KHz, when constant voltage corona charging is processed, running parameter is: electric current-1.00mA, electret is apart from 15cm,5s in polarization time;
2) with water-soluble nanometer binder by melt spraying non-woven fabrics and polyester backbone bonding and compound after, at 65 DEG CUnder condition, dry, make its solidifying and setting, obtain the melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth and the polyester backbone layer that fit together;
3) in step 2) in the polyester backbone layer surface coating hot-melt adhesive that obtains, adsorbent is laid in to hot meltThe polyester backbone layer that has applied PUR with other one deck behind glue surface carries out compound; Meanwhile, at melt-blown nonwovenLayer of cloth surface applies the hydrosol, anionic additive is laid in behind hydrosol surface and has applied the hydrosolMelt-blown filter cotton carry out compound after, under 65 DEG C of conditions, dry, make its solidifying and setting, obtain adsorption layer, negativeIonic additive layer and melt-blown filter cotton layer, obtain idle call filtering material.
Wherein, described adsorbent is active carbon; Described polyester backbone is PETG; InstituteStating melt spraying non-woven fabrics is polypropylene; Described anionic additive is the component of following mass percent: H2O50%、SiO223%、Al2O318.5%、B2O35.5%、TiO21.5%、Fe2O30.7%、FeO0.4%、MgO0.2%、Li2O0.1% and MnO0.1%; Described melt-blown filter cotton is polypropylene.
Through above-mentioned steps, in the idle call filtering material of acquisition, adsorbent layer thickness is 1.2-1.3mm; TwoStrata ester casing play, every layer thickness is 0.2-0.22mm; Two-layer melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth, every layer thickness is0.15-0.16mm; Anionic additive layer thickness is 0.05-0.07mm; Two-layer melt-blown filter cotton layer, every layerThickness is 0.3-0.35mm.
Embodiment 2
Preparation idle call filtering material, comprises step:
1) melt spraying non-woven fabrics and melt-blown filter cotton are carried out respectively to plasma treatment and the processing of constant voltage corona charging;Anionic additive is mixed for subsequent use; When plasma treatment, running parameter is: electric current 1.0A, output frequentlyRate 9.0KHz, when constant voltage corona charging is processed, running parameter is: electric current-0.50mA, electret is apart from 10cm,5s in polarization time;
2) with water-soluble nanometer binder by melt spraying non-woven fabrics and polyester backbone bonding and compound after, at 60 DEG CUnder condition, dry, make its solidifying and setting, obtain the melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth and the polyester backbone layer that fit together;
3) in step 2) in the polyester backbone layer surface coating hot-melt adhesive that obtains, adsorbent is laid in to hot meltThe polyester backbone layer that has applied PUR with other one deck behind glue surface carries out compound; Meanwhile, at melt-blown nonwovenLayer of cloth surface applies the hydrosol, anionic additive is laid in behind hydrosol surface and has applied the hydrosolMelt-blown filter cotton carry out compound after, under 65 DEG C of conditions, dry, make its solidifying and setting, obtain adsorption layer, negativeIonic additive layer and melt-blown filter cotton layer, obtain idle call filtering material.
Wherein, described adsorbent is the mixture of active carbon and aluminium oxide; Described polyester backbone is for gathering benzene twoFormic acid butanediol ester; Described melt spraying non-woven fabrics is polypropylene; Described anionic additive is following quality percentageThe component of ratio: H2O50%、SiO223%、Al2O318.5%、B2O35.5%、TiO21.5%、Fe2O30.7%、FeO0.4%、MgO0.2%、Li2O0.1% and MnO0.1%; Described melt-blown filter cotton is poly-terephthaldehydeAcid glycol ester.
Through above-mentioned steps, in the idle call filtering material of acquisition, adsorbent layer thickness is 1.4-1.5mm; TwoStrata ester casing play, every layer thickness is 0.23-0.25mm; Two-layer melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth, every layer thickness is0.17-0.18mm; Anionic additive layer thickness is 0.08-0.1mm; Two-layer melt-blown filter cotton layer, every bed thicknessDegree is 0.4-0.45mm.
The idle call filtering material that embodiment 1,2 is obtained detects, and it is at 300m3The air quantity condition of/hUnder, to the disposable filtering efficiency of PM2.5, up to 92.2%, resistance is only 28Pa. Be installed on returning of air-conditioningAir port place tests, 15min with the concentration of the indoor PM2.5 of interior 25 square meters from 200ug/m3Drop to15ug/m3, circularly purifying efficiency is up to 92.5%.
To sum up, the present invention, with respect to existing product, has the following advantages:
1, the present invention efficiently solves the problem of the solid particle such as PM2.5 in air, and effective mistakeThe toxic gases such as filter TVOC, have ensured IAQ, effectively reduce air problem and bring the tired of peopleDisturb;
2, polyester backbone layer has good elasticity, and double-deck polyester backbone layer can rise inside adsorbingMaterial plays good support and protective effect, improves the intensity of filtering material, thereby extends its service life;
3, melt spraying non-woven fabrics and melt-blown filter cotton, through plasma treatment and the processing of constant voltage corona charging, can be caught skyPowder dust particle in gas, when the charged corpuscle in it in existence of electrostatic field guarantee air-flow passes through material fiber hole,Caught easily, thereby greatly improved solid pollutant filter efficiency;
4, anionic additive layer and adsorption layer can be realized the filtration of the gas pollutants such as TVOC, realizeHigh purification efficiency to air cleaning;
5, the curing processing of each layer, can fully ensure conjugation between layers, improves making of filtering materialWith the life-span;
6, in the present invention, material source is wide, and production cost is low, is conducive to apply on a large scale.
To one skilled in the art, can, according to technical scheme described above and design, make itIts various corresponding changes and deformation, and these all changes and deformation all should belong to the present invention's powerWithin the protection domain that profit requires.

Claims (10)

1. an idle call filtering material, is characterized in that, comprises adsorption layer, polyester backbone layer, static placeMelt-blown filter cotton layer after melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth, anionic additive layer and Electrostatic Treatment after reason, described poly-Ester casing play is two-layer, lays respectively at adsorption layer both sides, and described melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth is arranged on polyester backbone layerUpper, described anionic additive layer is arranged on melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth, and described melt-blown filter cotton layer is arranged on negativeOn ionic additive layer.
2. idle call filtering material as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described anionic additiveIn layer, anionic additive component comprises H2O、SiO2、Al2O3、B2O3、TiO2、Fe2O3、FeO、MgO、Li2O and MnO, described anionic additive layer thickness is 0.05-0.1mm.
3. idle call filtering material as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, described anionic additiveIn each constituent mass percentage be: H2O50%、SiO223%、Al2O318.5%、B2O35.5%、TiO21.5%、Fe2O30.7%、FeO0.4%、MgO0.2%、Li2O0.1% and MnO0.1%.
4. idle call filtering material as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, in described adsorption layer, adsorbsAgent is any one or several in active carbon, aluminium oxide, diatomite, and described adsorbent layer thickness is 1.2-1.5mm.
5. idle call filtering material as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described melt-blown nonwoven layer of clothMaterial is polypropylene or PETG, and described melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth is two-layer, every layer thicknessFor 0.15-0.18mm.
6. idle call filtering material as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described melt-blown filter cotton layerMaterial is polypropylene or PETG, and described melt-blown filter cotton layer is two-layer, every layer thicknessFor 0.3-0.45mm.
7. idle call filtering material as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described polyester backbone layer materialMaterial is PETG or polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), and every layer thickness is 0.2-0.25mm.
8. the preparation method of the idle call filtering material described in claim 1-7 any one, comprising:
1) melt spraying non-woven fabrics and melt-blown filter cotton are carried out respectively to plasma treatment and the processing of constant voltage corona charging;Anionic additive component is mixed for subsequent use;
2) with water-soluble nanometer binder by melt spraying non-woven fabrics and polyester backbone bonding and compound after,Under 60~65 DEG C of conditions, dry, make its solidifying and setting, obtain the melt-blown nonwoven layer of cloth and the polyester bone that fit togetherRack-layer;
3) in step 2) in the polyester backbone layer surface coating hot-melt adhesive that obtains, adsorbent is laid in to hot meltThe polyester backbone layer that has applied PUR with other one deck behind glue surface carries out compound; Meanwhile, at melt-blown nonwovenLayer of cloth surface applies the hydrosol, anionic additive is laid in behind hydrosol surface and has applied the hydrosolMelt-blown filter cotton carry out compound after, under 60~65 DEG C of conditions, dry, make its solidifying and setting, obtain adsorption layer,Anionic additive layer and melt-blown filter cotton layer, obtain idle call filtering material.
9. the preparation method of the idle call filtering material described in claim 1-7 any one, is characterized in that,Described step 1) ionic medium process time running parameter be: electric current 0.30~1.0A, output frequency 6.0~9.0KHz。
10. the preparation method of the idle call filtering material described in claim 1-7 any one, is characterized in that,Described step 1) in constant voltage corona charging process time running parameter be: electric current-0.50~-1.00mA, electret distanceFrom 10~20cm, 5s in polarization time.
CN201610189342.1A 2016-03-29 2016-03-29 Filter material for air conditioners and preparation method thereof Pending CN105605763A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106732381A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-05-31 华北电力大学(保定) A kind of PM2.5 adsorbents and preparation method thereof
CN110158362A (en) * 2018-03-01 2019-08-23 山东仁丰特种材料股份有限公司 A kind of water-oil separating composite filter paper and preparation method thereof

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CN103764251A (en) * 2011-08-31 2014-04-30 大金工业株式会社 Filter medium for air filter, air filter unit, and method for producing filter medium for air filter
CN203949316U (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-19 淮南师范学院 A kind of air conditioner cover of indoor anti-haze pastes
CN104888532A (en) * 2014-03-05 2015-09-09 江苏创云环保科技有限公司 Novel filtering material for air cleaning machine, and preparation method and use thereof
CN204898434U (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-23 贺氏(苏州)特殊材料有限公司 A double -deck compound filter paper for rolling over pleat type air cleaner

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2483067Y (en) * 2001-06-05 2002-03-27 李军 Multi-functional filtering membrane
CN101137423A (en) * 2005-03-07 2008-03-05 3M创新有限公司 Vehicle passenger compartment air filter devices
CN102085437A (en) * 2009-12-04 2011-06-08 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Filter material for air filtration and application thereof
CN102225281A (en) * 2011-03-31 2011-10-26 厦门建霖工业有限公司 Multifunctional three-layer type air strainer
CN103764251A (en) * 2011-08-31 2014-04-30 大金工业株式会社 Filter medium for air filter, air filter unit, and method for producing filter medium for air filter
CN104888532A (en) * 2014-03-05 2015-09-09 江苏创云环保科技有限公司 Novel filtering material for air cleaning machine, and preparation method and use thereof
CN203949316U (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-11-19 淮南师范学院 A kind of air conditioner cover of indoor anti-haze pastes
CN204898434U (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-23 贺氏(苏州)特殊材料有限公司 A double -deck compound filter paper for rolling over pleat type air cleaner

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106732381A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-05-31 华北电力大学(保定) A kind of PM2.5 adsorbents and preparation method thereof
CN110158362A (en) * 2018-03-01 2019-08-23 山东仁丰特种材料股份有限公司 A kind of water-oil separating composite filter paper and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20160525