CN105604071A - Loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC board structure system and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC board structure system and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105604071A
CN105604071A CN201610112436.9A CN201610112436A CN105604071A CN 105604071 A CN105604071 A CN 105604071A CN 201610112436 A CN201610112436 A CN 201610112436A CN 105604071 A CN105604071 A CN 105604071A
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China
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card interface
slope
rhombus
vegetation planting
planting guarantee
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CN201610112436.9A
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CN105604071B (en
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毛正君
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Xian University of Science and Technology
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Xian University of Science and Technology
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • E02D17/205Securing of slopes or inclines with modular blocks, e.g. pre-fabricated

Abstract

The invention discloses a loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC board structure system. The loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC board structure system comprises vegetation planting guarantee PVC board structures vertically driven into a step structure face and a slope surface structure face of a loess slope, multiple soil fixation grids embedded into the vegetation planting guarantee PVC board structures, and vegetation communities formed by vegetation planted in the soil fixation grids. Each vegetation planting guarantee PVC board structure comprises multiple cross-shaped connecting components, multiple middle connecting components and multiple anchor rod mechanisms. The soil fixation grids are rectangular masonry grids formed by connecting left half masonry grids and right half masonry grids which are integrally formed in a butt joint mode. The vegetation communities comprise the step vegetation communities and the slope surface vegetation communities. The invention further discloses a construction method of the loess region slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC board structure system. The loess region slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC board structure system and the construction method are convenient to implement and low in cost, and the method is simple in step, low in engineering manufacturing cost, environmentally friendly, high in practicality and good in application prospect.

Description

Loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system and construction method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to side slope protection and ecological recovery technical field, be specifically related to a kind of loess slope vegetation planting guaranteePVC plate construction system and construction method thereof.
Background technology
Along with the development of the engineering constructions such as highway in China, railway and water conservancy, there is a large amount of side slopes, cause original plantingThe destruction of coating cap rock, has caused the appearance of secondary barren and serious soil erosion phenomenon, has aggravated moving back of the ecosystemChange. Therefore, side slope protection and ecological recovery just seem particularly important.
At present, often adopt engineering measure to protect side slope, as slope drainage measure, mortar flag stone, injection coagulationSoil, soil nailing, anchor pole, retaining wall, friction pile etc. Although engineering measure can be played the effect of side slope protection, construction costs is generalHigher, and landscape effect is poor, is difficult to recover the natural vegetation of side slope self, does not meet sustainable development idea. Engineering is arrangedExecute stability and the corrosion resistance that can effectively improve side slope, but aging gradually along with reinforcement system, its protection effect is continuousDie down. In addition, manpower and plant equipment that engineering measure is required are many, and construction speed is slow, particularly at the mountain area operation utmost point notConvenient.
In recent years, adopting vegetative protection to carry out ecological recovery to side slope draws attention day by day. Vegetative protection and traditional engineeringMeasure protection is compared, and has obvious advantage. The function that vegetative protection can for a long time, effectively be brought into play soil and slope protection, beautify the environment,Cost saving effect is grand. Slope ecological recovery utilizes vegetation to carry out slope protection and erosion control exactly. The conduct of vegetation planting guarantee technologyOne of important step of slope ecological recovery, will solve exactly and how ensure that planting arrives domatic and energy is long-term, stable growthProblem. Slope ecological recovery vegetation planting guarantee technology can be divided into four classes: Direct-type, linked network type, lattice type and make type. WhenAlthough planting in advance also can be played the effect of protection to a certain extent by planting guarantee technology, effect is not too obvious, particularly warpAfter rain drop erosion year in year out, the turf in many places need to be reseeded, and serious place even soil also needs again to goFill out, cause the second stage of care and maintenance, greatly increased the construction costs of side slope protection. In addition, vegetative protection of the prior artStrength damage in the later stage due to slope reinforcement material, causes slope stability to reduce, and there is no the measure of later stage reinforcement. Seek onePlant the theory of both having considered the reinforcement of side slope later stage, in processing method, the means of defence of economy, environmental protection is that pendulum is in vast technology againA great problem in face of personnel.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, for above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, to provide a kind of structure letterSingle, novel in design rationally, realize convenient and cost is low, construction costs is cheap, environmental protection, practical, application prospect good, justIn the loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system of promoting the use of.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVCPlate construction system, is characterized in that: comprise the vegetation in ledge structure face and the slope structure face of vertically squeezing into loess slopePlanting guarantee PVC plate construction, and embed the multiple solid native grid and the kind that are arranged in vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate constructionBe implanted in the vegetational type that the vegetation in multiple solid native grids forms;
Described vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction comprises multiple cross connecting elements of being made up of PVC sheet material and multipleMiddle connecting elements, and for vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction being fixed on to ledge structure face or the slope of loess slopeMultiple anchor pole mechanism on face structural plane; The identical length on four cross limits of described cross connecting elements etc., described cross connectsThe bottom of connection member is provided with first basil, and the two ends in described cross connecting elements horizontal direction are respectively arranged with the first clampingMouth and the 4th card interface, the two ends on described cross connecting elements vertical direction are respectively arranged with the second card interface and the 3rd clampingMouthful; In the middle of described, connecting elements is strip structure, and the bottom of described middle connecting elements is provided with second basil, described centreOne end of connecting elements is provided with the 5th card interface all coordinating with the second card interface and the 4th card interface, the described middle structure that connectsThe other end of part is provided with the 6th card interface all coordinating with the first card interface and the 3rd card interface, described the first card interface,The structure of three card interfaces and the 5th card interface is identical and be the card interface that is provided with the draw-in groove that Open Side Down, described the second clampingMouthful, the structure of the 4th card interface and the 6th card interface is identical and be the card interface of the draw-in groove that is provided with opening upwards; Described tenPromising root system of plant is set on word connecting elements the first hole of growing space is provided, on described middle connecting elements, arrange promisingRoot system of plant provides the second hole of growing space, and the geometric center of described cross connecting elements is provided with anchor hole, described anchor poleMechanism comprises anchor pole for penetrating anchor hole and the bolt for anchoring rod, and multiple anchor pole mechanism has formed Bolt Groups; PhaseTwo adjacent cross connecting elements connect by connecting elements in the middle of, four cross connecting elements with for being connected four tenThe cavity that in the middle of four of word connecting elements, connecting elements surrounds is that the solid native grid that solid native grid is installed for embedding is installed lattice;
Described solid native grid all rectangles of integrated left half masonry grid and right half masonry grid docking composition of serving as reasonsMasonry grid, described left half masonry grid comprise rectangle left half of gridiron, be arranged on lattice in the left side half of left half of gridiron insideFrame and be arranged on left half of gridiron one side and the left semicircle shape gridiron concaving; Described right half masonry grid comprises rectangleRight half of gridiron, be arranged in the right side half of right half of gridiron inside gridiron and be arranged on right half of gridiron one side and concaveRight semicircular gridiron; Described left semicircle shape gridiron and right semicircular gridiron dock to have formed and are positioned at solid native grid center positionVegetation implantation hole;
Described vegetational type comprises step vegetational type and slope vegetation group, and described step vegetational type comprises and being planted inBe arranged in multiple arbors of the multiple solid native grids on the ledge structure face of loess slope, described slope vegetation group comprises plantationMultiple shrubs of the multiple solid native grids on the slope structure face that is arranged in loess slope.
Above-mentioned loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system, is characterized in that: described cross connecting elementsFour faces of right-angled intersection place be arc surface, outside four summits place of described solid native grid, convex surface is arc surface and with tenFour arc surfaces of right-angled intersection place of word connecting elements match.
Above-mentioned loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system, is characterized in that: each described cross connectsThe quantity of the first hole on member is four.
Above-mentioned loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system, is characterized in that: each described middle connectionThe quantity of the second hole on member is four.
Above-mentioned loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system, is characterized in that: described step vegetational typeAlso comprise the grass being planted on the ledge structure face that is positioned at loess slope, described slope vegetation group also comprises being planted in and is positioned at HuangGrass on the slope structure face of soil side slope.
Above-mentioned loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system, is characterized in that: when loess slope is in yearWhen all rainfall is greater than the forest region of 550mm and is positioned at the Qinling Mountains one line, described arbor is Huashan pine, Chinese hemlock spruce, lacquer tree, Chinese pine or oakMaple, described shrub is meadow sweet, winged euonymus, celastrus orbiculatus, raspberry, honeysuckle Huo Jia Opulus, described grass is bitter fleabane, sedge or wind hairChrysanthemum; When loess slope is in the time that average annual rainfall is greater than the forest region of 550mm and is positioned at Yan'an one line, described arbor be arbor-vitae,Quercus liaotungensis, Chinese pine, white birch, triangle maple, China tree, Luan Shu or wych-elm, described shrub be black Xun, Abelia biflora, Nanking cherry, periploca spium,Golden cypress thorn or Amur maple, described grass is sedge, shrub lespedeza or wormwood artemisia class; When loess slope in average annual rainfall between 450mm~When forest steppe zone between 550mm, described arbor is locust tree, torch tree, birch-leaf pear, tree-of-heaven, hawthorn, populus simonii or dry land willow, instituteStating shrub is caragana microphylla, sea-buckthorn, false indigo, mountain peach, ansu apricot, periploca spium, Ostryopsis davidiana, Jia Opulus, clematis, Lindley Butterflybush Herb, flat core wood, fourthFragrant, Sophara viciifolia or meadow sweet, described grass is clover, the mound dish that withers, Da Wuli shrub lespedeza, sedge, hay wormwood artemisia, gmelin worm wood, yellow bluestem, reedReed, Stipa bungeana, Artemisia scoparia or bad grass; When loess slope is in the time that average annual rainfall is less than the steppe belt of 450mm, described arbor isLocust tree, populus simonii, birch-leaf pear, elm or dry land willow, described shrub is caragana microphylla, sea-buckthorn, false indigo, mountain peach, ansu apricot, pinus sylvestris var. mongolica or sandWillow, described grass is that buckwheat, mongolian bluebeard, Stipa bungeana, Sha Peng, sand sagebrush (Artemisia filifolia), lamb's-quarters, salsola collina, salsola collina, worm are real, alkali is fluffy, whin, the Radix Astragali,The root of large-flowered skullcap, Euphorbia esula L, Chinese swallowwort latex, wheatgrass, bad grass, lyme grass or careless in vain.
Above-mentioned loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system, is characterized in that: described PVC sheet material is for highIntensity PVC sheet material, the thickness of described high-strength PVC sheet material is 3mm~15mm, the tensile yield of described high-strength PVC sheet material shouldPower is 50Mpa~100Mpa.
The invention also discloses a kind of method step simple, realize convenient, construction costs is cheap, environmental protection to as powerThe method that profit requires described loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system to construct, is characterized in that the partyMethod comprises the following steps:
Step 1, side slope shaping: the multiple ledge structure faces to loess slope and multiple slope structure face carry out just flat;
Step 2, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, on multiple slope structure faces of loess slope, perform and plant successivelyBy planting guarantee PVC plate construction, wherein, on each slope structure face of loess slope, perform vegetation planting guarantee PVC plateThe detailed process of equipment structure is:
Step 201, on the slope structure face of loess slope, mark rectangle construction area;
Step 202, is first put many slope structure faces trends that are parallel to loess slope in described rectangle construction areaLine, as zero grade line, the spacing between adjacent two described zero grade lines isWherein, L1ForThe length on a cross limit of cross connecting elements, L2For the length of middle connecting elements; Then, then in every two adjacent constructionsA construction boost line is put at centre position place between datum line;
Step 203, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, between two adjacent zero grade lines, perform successively many rowsThe rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell of docking mutually, each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell includes fourCross connecting elements and four middle connecting elements, four cross connecting elements are laid in respectively A, B, C, the D tetra-of rhombus ABCDIndividual summit place, A, the B of rhombus ABCD, C, tetra-summits of D are around counterclockwise laying, during two cross connecting elements pass through oneBetween connecting elements connect; Wherein, in each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell, be positioned at B summit and the D of rhombus ABCDThe center of the cross connecting elements at summit place is laid in respectively on two adjacent zero grade lines, is positioned at the A top of rhombus ABCDThe center of the cross connecting elements at point and C summit place is all laid in construction boost line; Two adjacent described rhombus vegetation kindsPlant protection barrier elementary cell shares a cross connecting elements, and the previous described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell performingThe rhombus of the described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell that performs as the next one of the cross connecting elements at rhombus C summit placeThe cross connecting elements at A summit place; The process that performs of each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell is:
Step 2031, by be positioned at described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell rhombus A summit place cross connect structurePart is squeezed in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the second card interface of this cross connecting elements is leaked outside in described rhombus vegetationThe position, AB limit of planting guarantee elementary cell, leaks outside in described rhombus vegetation kind the 4th card interface of this cross connecting elementsThe position, AD limit of plant protection barrier elementary cell;
On the second card interface of step 2032, cross connecting elements in step 2031, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe middle connecting elements of the position, AB limit of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this centre connecting elements is squeezed into the slope of loess slopeIn face structural plane, and make the 6th card interface of this centre connecting elements leak outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cellPosition, AB limit; Wherein, the 5th card interface of described middle connecting elements is connected with the second card interface of cross connecting elements;
On the 4th card interface of step 2033, cross connecting elements in step 2031, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe middle connecting elements of the position, AD limit of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this centre connecting elements is squeezed into the slope of loess slopeIn face structural plane, and make the 6th card interface of this centre connecting elements leak outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cellPosition, AD limit; Wherein, described middle the 5th card interface of connecting elements and the 4th card interface of cross connecting elements are connected;
On the 6th card interface of step 2034, middle connecting elements in step 2032, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe cross connecting elements at the B vertex position place of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this cross connecting elements is squeezed into loess slopeIn slope structure face, and the second card interface of this cross connecting elements is leaked outside, make the 4th card interface of this cross connecting elementsLeak outside in the position, BC limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell; Wherein, the 3rd of described cross connecting elements the cardInterface is connected with the 6th card interface of middle connecting elements;
On the 6th card interface of step 2035, middle connecting elements in step 2033, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe cross connecting elements at the D vertex position place of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this cross connecting elements is squeezed into loess slopeIn slope structure face, and the second card interface of this cross connecting elements is leaked outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cellPosition, DC limit, the 4th card interface of this cross connecting elements is leaked outside; Wherein, the first clamping of described cross connecting elementsMouth is connected with the 6th card interface of middle connecting elements;
On the 4th card interface of step 2036, cross connecting elements in step 2034, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe middle connecting elements of the position, BC limit of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this centre connecting elements is squeezed into the slope of loess slopeIn face structural plane, and make the 6th card interface of this centre connecting elements leak outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cellPosition, BC limit; Wherein, described middle the 5th card interface of connecting elements and the 4th card interface of cross connecting elements are connected;
On the second card interface of step 2037, cross connecting elements in step 2035, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe middle connecting elements of the position, DC limit of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this centre connecting elements is squeezed into the slope of loess slopeIn face structural plane, and make the 6th card interface of this centre connecting elements leak outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cellPosition, DC limit; Wherein, the 5th card interface of described middle connecting elements is connected with the second card interface of cross connecting elements;
Step 2038, by be positioned at described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell rhombus C summit place cross connect structurePart is squeezed in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the second card interface of this cross connecting elements and the 4th card interface are leaked outside, andThe first card interface of this cross connecting elements is connected with the 6th card interface of the middle connecting elements in step 2036, by this tenThe 3rd card interface of word connecting elements is connected with the 6th card interface of the middle connecting elements in step 2037;
Step 204, the anchor hole that adopts boring bar tool to pass on cross connecting elements are performing vegetation planting guarantee PVC plateOn the slope structure face of the loess slope of equipment structure, hole, anchor pole is put into boring and carried out slip casting through anchor hole, then existBe positioned at connecting bolt on one section of anchor pole of anchor hole upper end;
Step 3, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, on multiple ledge structure faces of loess slope, perform and plant successivelyBy planting guarantee PVC plate construction, wherein, on each ledge structure face of loess slope, perform vegetation planting guarantee PVC plateThe detailed process of equipment structure is:
Step 301, on the ledge structure face of loess slope, mark rectangle construction area;
Step 302, is first put many slope structure faces trends that are parallel to loess slope in described rectangle construction areaLine, as zero grade line, the spacing between adjacent two described zero grade lines isWherein, L1ForThe length on a cross limit of cross connecting elements, L2For the length of middle connecting elements; Then, then in every two adjacent constructionsA construction boost line is put at centre position place between datum line;
Step 303, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, between two adjacent zero grade lines, perform successively many rowsThe rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell of docking mutually, each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell includes fourCross connecting elements and four middle connecting elements, four cross connecting elements are laid in respectively A, B, C, the D tetra-of rhombus ABCDIndividual summit place, A, the B of rhombus ABCD, C, tetra-summits of D are around counterclockwise laying, during two cross connecting elements pass through oneBetween connecting elements connect; Wherein, in each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell, be positioned at B summit and the D of rhombus ABCDThe center of the cross connecting elements at summit place is laid in respectively on two adjacent zero grade lines, is positioned at the A top of rhombus ABCDThe center of the cross connecting elements at point and C summit place is all laid in construction boost line; Two adjacent described rhombus vegetation kindsPlant protection barrier elementary cell shares a cross connecting elements, and the previous described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell performingThe rhombus of the described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell that performs as the next one of the cross connecting elements at rhombus C summit placeThe cross connecting elements at A summit place; The process that performs of each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell is:
Step 3031, by be positioned at described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell rhombus A summit place cross connect structurePart is squeezed in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the second card interface of this cross connecting elements is leaked outside in described rhombus vegetationThe position, AB limit of planting guarantee elementary cell, leaks outside in described rhombus vegetation kind the 4th card interface of this cross connecting elementsThe position, AD limit of plant protection barrier elementary cell;
On the second card interface of step 3032, cross connecting elements in step 3031, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe middle connecting elements of the position, AB limit of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this centre connecting elements is squeezed into the platform of loess slopeIn stage structure face, and make the 6th card interface of this centre connecting elements leak outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cellPosition, AB limit; Wherein, the 5th card interface of described middle connecting elements is connected with the second card interface of cross connecting elements;
On the 4th card interface of step 3033, cross connecting elements in step 3031, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe middle connecting elements of the position, AD limit of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this centre connecting elements is squeezed into the platform of loess slopeIn stage structure face, and make the 6th card interface of this centre connecting elements leak outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cellPosition, AD limit; Wherein, described middle the 5th card interface of connecting elements and the 4th card interface of cross connecting elements are connected;
On the 6th card interface of step 3034, middle connecting elements in step 3032, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe cross connecting elements at the B vertex position place of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this cross connecting elements is squeezed into loess slopeIn ledge structure face, and the second card interface of this cross connecting elements is leaked outside, make the 4th card interface of this cross connecting elementsLeak outside in the position, BC limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell; Wherein, the 3rd of described cross connecting elements the cardInterface is connected with the 6th card interface of middle connecting elements;
On the 6th card interface of step 3035, middle connecting elements in step 3033, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe cross connecting elements at the D vertex position place of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this cross connecting elements is squeezed into loess slopeIn ledge structure face, and the second card interface of this cross connecting elements is leaked outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cellPosition, DC limit, the 4th card interface of this cross connecting elements is leaked outside; Wherein, the first clamping of described cross connecting elementsMouth is connected with the 6th card interface of middle connecting elements;
On the 4th card interface of step 3036, cross connecting elements in step 3034, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe middle connecting elements of the position, BC limit of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this centre connecting elements is squeezed into the platform of loess slopeIn stage structure face, and make the 6th card interface of this centre connecting elements leak outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cellPosition, BC limit; Wherein, described middle the 5th card interface of connecting elements and the 4th card interface of cross connecting elements are connected;
On the second card interface of step 3037, cross connecting elements in step 3035, connect and be positioned at described rhombus vegetationThe middle connecting elements of the position, DC limit of planting guarantee elementary cell, and this centre connecting elements is squeezed into the platform of loess slopeIn stage structure face, and make the 6th card interface of this centre connecting elements leak outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cellPosition, DC limit; Wherein, the 5th card interface of described middle connecting elements is connected with the second card interface of cross connecting elements;
Step 3038, by be positioned at described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell rhombus C summit place cross connect structurePart is squeezed in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the second card interface of this cross connecting elements and the 4th card interface are leaked outside, andThe first card interface of this cross connecting elements is connected with the 6th card interface of the middle connecting elements in step 3036, by this tenThe 3rd card interface of word connecting elements is connected with the 6th card interface of the middle connecting elements in step 3037;
Step 304, the anchor hole that adopts boring bar tool to pass on cross connecting elements are performing vegetation planting guarantee PVC plateOn the ledge structure face of the loess slope of equipment structure, hole, anchor pole is put into boring and carried out slip casting through anchor hole, then existBe positioned at connecting bolt on one section of anchor pole of anchor hole upper end;
Step 4, vegetation plantation, detailed process is:
Step 401, lattice are installed are put down performing the multiple solid native grid forming after vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate constructionWhole cleaning;
Step 402, solid native grid on the slope structure face of loess slope are installed in lattice and are planted shrub;
Step 403, solid native grid on the ledge structure face of loess slope are installed in lattice and are planted arbor;
Step 404, adopt grass seeder to spray grass-seed to the ledge structure face of described loess slope and slope structureOn face;
Step 5, the solid native grid of installation, detailed process is: install in lattice at each solid native grid, dock left half masonry latticeGrid and right half masonry grid, form solid native grid;
Step 6, perform gutter at slope top and the toe place of loess slope, and carry out engineering maintenance;
Step 7, employing sprinkling wagon are sprayed onto water on loess slope, carry out vegetation maintenance.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system of the present invention is simple in structure, rationally novel in design, realNow convenient and cost is low.
2, the present invention adopts semi-rigid system to carry out bank protection to loess slope, adopts in a large number vegetation planting guarantee PVC sheet materialStructure, constructs simple and convenient, and cost is low; Preliminary stage, due to the existence of vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction, side slope canEnsure good stability; Later stage, due to factors such as the material agings of vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction, selfIntensity constantly reduces, and the development of vegetational type is in addition selected in early days the vegetation of well developed root system constantly to pass through to be crossed to and is arranged onThe first hole on cross connecting elements and be arranged in the middle of in the second hole on connecting elements, formed adding of 3 D stereoMuscle effect, has made up the stability of later stage side slope preferably, has practiced the theory of side slope later stage reinforcement, the ingenious vegetation root that utilizedThe reinforcement measure of the 3 D stereo that the reserving hole of system and masonry structure forms.
3, the present invention adopts PVC plate construction system in conjunction with vegetative protection technology, can greatly improve the energy of side slope protectionPower. PVC sheet material is novel geomaterial, is placed between inside soil body, surface or soil, sand, rubble etc., can bring into playThe effects such as draining, anti-filter, isolation, reinforcement, protection or antiseepage. In addition characteristic acidproof, alkaline-resisting, salt tolerant that PVC sheet material has, system,Become the quarry of PVC sheet material abundant, lightweight, volume is little, construction and installation are simple and convenient, use PVC sheet material both reduced cost,Reduction of erection time, can ensure again construction quality, in Practical Project, is widely used. Along with the growth of plant, plant is more and more luxuriantContain, vegetative protection effect is increasing, can save a large amount of maintaining costs.
4, the method step of the construction method of loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system of the present invention is simple,It is convenient to realize, and construction costs is cheap, environmental protection.
5, the present invention has followed the theory of " respect for nature, recovery nature ", according to Canal in Loess Area vegetation development characteristics, selectsArbor, shrub and the grass of position advantageously, the compound vegetational type of manual reversion " arbor+shrub+grass " system, this is more favourableIn slope ecological recovery, practical, application prospect is good, is convenient to promote the use of.
In sum, the present invention is rationally novel in design, and realization is convenient and cost is low, and method step is simple, and construction costs is lowHonest and clean, environmental protection, practical, application prospect is good, is convenient to promote the use of.
Below by drawings and Examples, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of cross connecting elements of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of connecting elements in the middle of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the solid native grid of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the decomposition texture schematic diagram of the solid native grid of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the combining structure schematic diagram of the solid native grid of the present invention and vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction.
Fig. 8 is that arbor of the present invention is planted in the structural representation in solid native grid.
Fig. 9 is that Shrub Species of the present invention is implanted in the structural representation in solid native grid.
Figure 10 is the installation position of zero grade line of the present invention, construction boost line and rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cellBe related to schematic diagram.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1-vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction; 1-1-cross connecting elements;
1-2-middle connecting elements; 1-3-the first hole; 1-4-the first card interface;
1-5-the second card interface; 1-6-five card interface; 1-7-six card interface;
1-8-anchor hole; 1-9-three card interface; 1-10-four card interface;
1-11-the second hole; Gu 1-12-native grid is installed lattice;
1-13-the first basil; 1-14-the second basil; Gu 2-native grid;
2-1-left half masonry grid; 2-2-left half of gridiron; Gridiron in 2-3-left side half;
2-4-left semicircle shape gridiron; 2-5-right half masonry grid; 2-6-right half of gridiron;
Gridiron in 2-7-right side half; 2-8-right semicircular gridiron; 2-9-vegetation implantation hole;
3-anchor pole mechanism; 3-1-bolt; 3-2-anchor pole;
4-arbor; 5-shrub; 6-gutter;
7-zero grade line; 8-rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell;
9-construction boost line.
Detailed description of the invention
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system of the present invention, comprises vertically and beatingEnter the vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction 1 in ledge structure face and the slope structure face of loess slope, and embed and be arranged onMultiple solid native grid 2 in vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction 1 and be planted in that vegetation in multiple solid native grids 2 formVegetational type;
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 7, described vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction 1 comprises by PVC sheet material to be madeMultiple cross connecting elements 1-1 and multiple in the middle of connecting elements 1-2, and for by vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction 1Be fixed on the multiple anchor pole mechanism 3 on the ledge structure face of loess slope or slope structure face; Described cross connecting elements 1-1'sThe identical length on four cross limits etc., the bottom of described cross connecting elements 1-1 is provided with the first basil 1-13, and described cross connectsTwo ends in connection member 1-1 horizontal direction are respectively arranged with the first card interface 1-4 and the 4th card interface 1-10, and described cross connectsTwo ends on member 1-1 vertical direction are respectively arranged with the second card interface 1-5 and the 3rd card interface 1-9; In the middle of described, connect structurePart 1-2 is strip structure, and the bottom of described middle connecting elements 1-2 is provided with the second basil 1-14, the described middle structure that connectsOne end of part 1-2 is provided with the 5th card interface 1-6 all coordinating with the second card interface 1-5 and the 4th card interface 1-10, described inBetween the other end of connecting elements 1-2 be provided with the 6th card interface 1-all coordinating with the first card interface 1-4 and the 3rd card interface 1-97, the structure of described the first card interface 1-4, the 3rd card interface 1-9 and the 5th card interface 1-6 identical and be provided with opening toUnder the card interface of draw-in groove, the structure of described the second card interface 1-5, the 4th card interface 1-10 and the 6th card interface 1-7 identical andBe the card interface of the draw-in groove that is provided with opening upwards; On described cross connecting elements 1-1, promising root system of plant is set and provides rawThe first hole 1-3 of long spacing, arranges promising root system of plant on described middle connecting elements 1-2 the second hole of growing space is providedHole 1-11, the geometric center of described cross connecting elements 1-1 is provided with anchor hole 1-8, and described anchor pole mechanism 3 comprises for penetrating anchorAnchor pole 3-2 in the 1-8 of hole and for the bolt 3-1 of anchoring rod 3-2, multiple anchor pole mechanism 3 has formed Bolt Groups; Adjacent twoIndividual cross connecting elements 1-1 connects by connecting elements 1-2 in the middle of, four cross connecting elements 1-1 with for being connected fourThe cavity that in the middle of four of individual cross connecting elements 1-1, connecting elements 1-2 surrounds is the solid soil of solid native grid 2 being installed for embeddingGrid is installed lattice 1-12; By in the bottom of cross connecting elements 1-1, the first basil 1-13 being set, and at middle connecting elements 1-2 bottom arranges the second basil 1-14, can reduce the resistance that vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction 1 is squeezed into loess slope insidePower;
As shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, described solid native grid 2 all integrated left half masonry grid 2-1 and right half that serves as reasonsThe rectangle masonry grid of masonry grid 2-5 docking composition, described left half masonry grid 2-1 comprise rectangle left half of gridiron 2-2,Be arranged on gridiron 2-3 in the left side half of left half of gridiron 2-2 inside and be arranged on left half of gridiron 2-2 mono-side and concaveLeft semicircle shape gridiron 2-4; Described right half masonry grid 2-5 comprise rectangle right half of gridiron 2-6, be arranged on right half of gridiron 2-Gridiron 2-7 and be arranged on right half of gridiron 2-6 mono-side and the right semicircular gridiron 2-8 concaving in the right side of 6 inside half; InstituteState left semicircle shape gridiron 2-4 and right semicircular gridiron 2-8 docking and formed the vegetation plantation that is positioned at solid native grid 2 center positionsHole 2-9; Described solid native grid 2 has the solid native effect of water conservation;
As shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, described vegetational type comprises step vegetational type and slope vegetation group, instituteState step vegetational type and comprise the multiple arbors that are planted in the multiple solid native grids 2 on the ledge structure face that is arranged in loess slope4, described slope vegetation group comprises the multiple of multiple solid native grids 2 of being planted on the slope structure face that is arranged in loess slopeShrub 5.
As shown in Figure 3, in the present embodiment, four faces of right-angled intersection place of described cross connecting elements 1-1 are circular arcFace, outside four summits place of described solid native grid 2, convex surface is arc surface and with right-angled intersection place of cross connecting elements 1-1Four arc surfaces match.
As shown in Figure 3, in the present embodiment, the quantity of the first hole 1-3 on each described cross connecting elements 1-1 is fourIndividual. When concrete enforcement, four the first hole 1-3 are separately positioned on the middle part, four cross limits of cross connecting elements 1-1.
As shown in Figure 4, in the present embodiment, the quantity of the second hole 1-11 on each described middle connecting elements 1-2 isFour. When concrete enforcement, four the second hole 1-11 laying that assumes diamond in shape on middle connecting elements 1-2.
In the present embodiment, described step vegetational type also comprises and being planted on the ledge structure face that is positioned at loess slopeGrass, described slope vegetation group also comprises the grass being planted on the slope structure face that is positioned at loess slope.
In the present embodiment, when loess slope is in the time that average annual rainfall is greater than the forest region of 550mm and is positioned at the Qinling Mountains one line,Described arbor 4 is Huashan pine, Chinese hemlock spruce, lacquer tree, Chinese pine or oak maple, and described shrub 5 is meadow sweet, winged euonymus, celastrus orbiculatus, stirrupSon, honeysuckle Huo Jia Opulus, described grass is bitter fleabane, sedge or hieracioides; When loess slope is greater than the gloomy of 550mm in average annual rainfallForest belt and while being positioned at Yan'an one line, described arbor 4 is arbor-vitae, Quercus liaotungensis, Chinese pine, white birch, triangle maple, China tree, Luan Shu or wych-elm,Described shrub 5 is black Xun, Abelia biflora, Nanking cherry, periploca spium, golden cypress thorn or Amur maple, and described grass is sedge, shrub lespedeza or wormwood artemisiaClass; When loess slope is in average annual rainfall when the forest steppe zone between 450mm~550mm, described arbor 4 is thornChinese scholartree, torch tree, birch-leaf pear, tree-of-heaven, hawthorn, populus simonii or dry land willow, described shrub 5 be caragana microphylla, sea-buckthorn, false indigo, mountain peach, ansu apricot,Periploca spium, Ostryopsis davidiana, Jia Opulus, clematis, Lindley Butterflybush Herb, flat core wood, cloves, Sophara viciifolia or meadow sweet, described grass is clover, the mound of witheringDish, Da Wuli shrub lespedeza, sedge, hay wormwood artemisia, gmelin worm wood, yellow bluestem, reed, Stipa bungeana, Artemisia scoparia or bad grass; When loess slope placeIn the time that average annual rainfall is less than the steppe belt of 450mm, described arbor 4 is locust tree, populus simonii, birch-leaf pear, elm or dry land willow, described fillingWood 5 is caragana microphylla, sea-buckthorn, false indigo, mountain peach, ansu apricot, pinus sylvestris var. mongolica or salix monogolica, described grass be buckwheat, mongolian bluebeard, Stipa bungeana, Sha Peng,Sand sagebrush (Artemisia filifolia), lamb's-quarters, salsola collina, salsola collina, worm are real, alkali is fluffy, whin, the Radix Astragali, the root of large-flowered skullcap, Euphorbia esula L, Chinese swallowwort latex, wheatgrass, rely grass, drape over one's shoulders alkaliGrass or in vain grass.
In the present embodiment, described PVC sheet material is high-strength PVC sheet material, the thickness of described high-strength PVC sheet material be 3mm~15mm, the stretching yield stress of described high-strength PVC sheet material is 50Mpa~100Mpa.
The construction method of loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, side slope shaping: the multiple ledge structure faces to loess slope and multiple slope structure face carry out just flat;
Step 2, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, on multiple slope structure faces of loess slope, perform and plant successivelyBy planting guarantee PVC plate construction 1, wherein, on each slope structure face of loess slope, perform vegetation planting guarantee PVC plateThe detailed process of equipment structure 1 is:
Step 201, on the slope structure face of loess slope, mark rectangle construction area;
Step 202, as shown in figure 10 first, is put many slopes that are parallel to loess slope in described rectangle construction areaThe line of face structural plane trend, as zero grade line 7, the spacing between adjacent two described zero grade lines 7 isWherein, L1For the length on a cross limit of cross connecting elements 1-1, L2For the length of middle connecting elements 1-2;Then a construction boost line 9 is put at the centre position place, then between every two adjacent zero grade lines 7;
Step 203, as shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, successively in two adjacent constructionsBetween datum line 7, perform many rows rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8 of docking mutually, the plant protection of each described rhombus vegetation kindBarrier elementary cell 8 includes four cross connecting elements 1-1 and four middle connecting elements 1-2, four cross connecting elements 1-1A, the B, C, tetra-summits of the D place that are laid in respectively rhombus ABCD, A, the B of rhombus ABCD, C, tetra-summits of D are around counter clockwise direction clothIf two cross connecting elements 1-1 connect by a middle connecting elements 1-2; Wherein, each described rhombus vegetation kind plant protectionIn barrier elementary cell 8, be positioned at the B summit of rhombus ABCD and the cross connecting elements 1-1 center at D summit place is laid in respectively phaseOn two adjacent zero grade lines 7, be positioned at the A summit of rhombus ABCD and the cross connecting elements 1-1 center at C summit place is uniformBe located in construction boost line 9; Two adjacent described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cells 8 share a cross connecting elements1-1, and the cross connecting elements 1-1 at the rhombus C summit place of the previous described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8 performingThe cross connecting elements 1-1 at the rhombus A summit place of the described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8 performing as the next one;The process that performs of each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8 is:
Step 2031, as shown in figure 11, will be positioned at the rhombus A summit place of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8Cross connecting elements 1-1 squeeze in the slope structure face of loess slope, and make the second card interface of this cross connecting elements 1-11-5 leaks outside in the position, AB limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, makes the 4th of this cross connecting elements 1-1Card interface 1-10 leaks outside in the position, AD limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8;
On the second card interface 1-5 of step 2032, cross connecting elements 1-1 in step 2031, connect and be positioned at described water chestnutThe middle connecting elements 1-2 of the position, AB limit of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and this centre connecting elements 1-2 is beatenEnter in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface 1-7 of this centre connecting elements 1-2 is leaked outside plant at described rhombusBy the position, AB limit of planting guarantee elementary cell 8; Wherein, the 5th card interface 1-6 and the cross of described middle connecting elements 1-2The second card interface 1-5 of connecting elements 1-1 connects;
Described in connecting on the 4th card interface 1-10 of step 2033, cross connecting elements 1-1 in step 2031 and being positioned atThe middle connecting elements 1-2 of the position, AD limit of rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and by this centre connecting elements 1-2Squeeze in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface 1-7 of this centre connecting elements 1-2 is leaked outside at described rhombusThe position, AD limit of vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8; Wherein, the 5th card interface 1-6 and ten of described middle connecting elements 1-2The 4th card interface 1-10 of word connecting elements 1-1 connects;
On the 6th card interface 1-7 of step 2034, middle connecting elements 1-2 in step 2032, connect and be positioned at described water chestnutThe cross connecting elements 1-1 at the B vertex position place of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and this cross connecting elements 1-1 is beatenEnter in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the second card interface 1-5 of this cross connecting elements 1-1 is leaked outside, this cross is connectedThe 4th card interface 1-10 of connection member 1-1 leaks outside in the position, BC limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8; ItsIn, the 3rd card interface 1-9 of described cross connecting elements 1-1 is connected with the 6th card interface 1-7 of middle connecting elements 1-2;
On the 6th card interface 1-7 of step 2035, middle connecting elements 1-2 in step 2033, connect and be positioned at described water chestnutThe cross connecting elements 1-1 at the D vertex position place of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and this cross connecting elements 1-1 is beatenEnter in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the second card interface 1-5 of this cross connecting elements 1-1 is leaked outside plant at described rhombusBy the position, DC limit of planting guarantee elementary cell 8, the 4th card interface 1-10 of this cross connecting elements 1-1 is leaked outside; Wherein,The first card interface 1-4 of described cross connecting elements 1-1 is connected with the 6th card interface 1-7 of middle connecting elements 1-2;
Described in connecting on the 4th card interface 1-10 of step 2036, cross connecting elements 1-1 in step 2034 and being positioned atThe middle connecting elements 1-2 of the position, BC limit of rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and by this centre connecting elements 1-2Squeeze in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface 1-7 of this centre connecting elements 1-2 is leaked outside at described rhombusThe position, BC limit of vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8; Wherein, the 5th card interface 1-6 and ten of described middle connecting elements 1-2The 4th card interface 1-10 of word connecting elements 1-1 connects;
On the second card interface 1-5 of step 2037, cross connecting elements 1-1 in step 2035, connect and be positioned at described water chestnutThe middle connecting elements 1-2 of the position, DC limit of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and this centre connecting elements 1-2 is beatenEnter in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface 1-7 of this centre connecting elements 1-2 is leaked outside plant at described rhombusBy the position, DC limit of planting guarantee elementary cell 8; Wherein, the 5th card interface 1-6 and the cross of described middle connecting elements 1-2The second card interface 1-5 of connecting elements 1-1 connects;
Step 2038, by be positioned at described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8 rhombus C summit place cross connect structurePart 1-1 squeezes in the slope structure face of loess slope, makes the second card interface 1-5 and the 4th clamping of this cross connecting elements 1-1Mouth 1-10 leaks outside, and by the middle connecting elements 1-2 in the first card interface 1-4 of this cross connecting elements 1-1 and step 2036The 6th card interface 1-7 connect, by the 3rd card interface 1-9 of this cross connecting elements 1-1 with in step 2037 centre be connectedThe 6th card interface 1-7 of member 1-2 connects;
Step 204, the anchor hole 1-8 that adopts boring bar tool to pass on cross connecting elements 1-1 are performing the plant protection of vegetation kindOn the slope structure face of the loess slope of barrier PVC plate construction 1, hole, anchor pole 3-2 is put into boring through anchor hole 1-8 and go forward side by sideRow slip casting, then connecting bolt 3-1 on the one section of anchor pole 3-2 that is positioned at anchor hole 1-8 upper end; When concrete enforcement, described drillmanTool is portable rig;
Step 3, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, on multiple ledge structure faces of loess slope, perform and plant successivelyBy planting guarantee PVC plate construction 1, wherein, on each ledge structure face of loess slope, perform vegetation planting guarantee PVC plateThe detailed process of equipment structure 1 is:
Step 301, on the ledge structure face of loess slope, mark rectangle construction area;
Step 302, as shown in figure 10 first, is put many slopes that are parallel to loess slope in described rectangle construction areaThe line of face structural plane trend, as zero grade line 7, the spacing between adjacent two described zero grade lines 7 isWherein, L1For the length on a cross limit of cross connecting elements 1-1, L2For the length of middle connecting elements 1-2;Then a construction boost line 9 is put at the centre position place, then between every two adjacent zero grade lines 7;
Step 303, as shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, successively in two adjacent constructionsBetween datum line 7, perform many rows rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8 of docking mutually, the plant protection of each described rhombus vegetation kindBarrier elementary cell 8 includes four cross connecting elements 1-1 and four middle connecting elements 1-2, four cross connecting elements 1-1A, the B, C, tetra-summits of the D place that are laid in respectively rhombus ABCD, A, the B of rhombus ABCD, C, tetra-summits of D are around counter clockwise direction clothIf two cross connecting elements 1-1 connect by a middle connecting elements 1-2; Wherein, each described rhombus vegetation kind plant protectionIn barrier elementary cell 8, be positioned at the B summit of rhombus ABCD and the cross connecting elements 1-1 center at D summit place is laid in respectively phaseOn two adjacent zero grade lines 7, be positioned at the A summit of rhombus ABCD and the cross connecting elements 1-1 center at C summit place is uniformBe located in construction boost line 9; Two adjacent described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cells 8 share a cross connecting elements1-1, and the cross connecting elements 1-1 at the rhombus C summit place of the previous described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8 performingThe cross connecting elements 1-1 at the rhombus A summit place of the described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8 performing as the next one;The process that performs of each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8 is:
Step 3031, by be positioned at described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8 rhombus A summit place cross connect structurePart 1-1 squeezes in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the second card interface 1-5 of this cross connecting elements 1-1 is leaked outside in instituteState the position, AB limit of rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, make outside the 4th card interface 1-10 of this cross connecting elements 1-1Leak the position, AD limit in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8;
On the second card interface 1-5 of step 3032, cross connecting elements 1-1 in step 3031, connect and be positioned at described water chestnutThe middle connecting elements 1-2 of the position, AB limit of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and this centre connecting elements 1-2 is beatenEnter in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface 1-7 of this centre connecting elements 1-2 is leaked outside plant at described rhombusBy the position, AB limit of planting guarantee elementary cell 8; Wherein, the 5th card interface 1-6 and the cross of described middle connecting elements 1-2The second card interface 1-5 of connecting elements 1-1 connects;
Described in connecting on the 4th card interface 1-10 of step 3033, cross connecting elements 1-1 in step 3031 and being positioned atThe middle connecting elements 1-2 of the position, AD limit of rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and by this centre connecting elements 1-2Squeeze in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface 1-7 of this centre connecting elements 1-2 is leaked outside at described rhombusThe position, AD limit of vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8; Wherein, the 5th card interface 1-6 and ten of described middle connecting elements 1-2The 4th card interface 1-10 of word connecting elements 1-1 connects;
On the 6th card interface 1-7 of step 3034, middle connecting elements 1-2 in step 3032, connect and be positioned at described water chestnutThe cross connecting elements 1-1 at the B vertex position place of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and this cross connecting elements 1-1 is beatenEnter in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the second card interface 1-5 of this cross connecting elements 1-1 is leaked outside, this cross is connectedThe 4th card interface 1-10 of connection member 1-1 leaks outside in the position, BC limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8; ItsIn, the 3rd card interface 1-9 of described cross connecting elements 1-1 is connected with the 6th card interface 1-7 of middle connecting elements 1-2;
On the 6th card interface 1-7 of step 3035, middle connecting elements 1-2 in step 3033, connect and be positioned at described water chestnutThe cross connecting elements 1-1 at the D vertex position place of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and this cross connecting elements 1-1 is beatenEnter in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the second card interface 1-5 of this cross connecting elements 1-1 is leaked outside plant at described rhombusBy the position, DC limit of planting guarantee elementary cell 8, the 4th card interface 1-10 of this cross connecting elements 1-1 is leaked outside; Wherein,The first card interface 1-4 of described cross connecting elements 1-1 is connected with the 6th card interface 1-7 of middle connecting elements 1-2;
Described in connecting on the 4th card interface 1-10 of step 3036, cross connecting elements 1-1 in step 3034 and being positioned atThe middle connecting elements 1-2 of the position, BC limit of rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and by this centre connecting elements 1-2Squeeze in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface 1-7 of this centre connecting elements 1-2 is leaked outside at described rhombusThe position, BC limit of vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8; Wherein, the 5th card interface 1-6 and ten of described middle connecting elements 1-2The 4th card interface 1-10 of word connecting elements 1-1 connects;
On the second card interface 1-5 of step 3037, cross connecting elements 1-1 in step 3035, connect and be positioned at described water chestnutThe middle connecting elements 1-2 of the position, DC limit of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8, and this centre connecting elements 1-2 is beatenEnter in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface 1-7 of this centre connecting elements 1-2 is leaked outside plant at described rhombusBy the position, DC limit of planting guarantee elementary cell 8; Wherein, the 5th card interface 1-6 and the cross of described middle connecting elements 1-2The second card interface 1-5 of connecting elements 1-1 connects;
Step 3038, by be positioned at described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell 8 rhombus C summit place cross connect structurePart 1-1 squeezes in the ledge structure face of loess slope, makes the second card interface 1-5 and the 4th clamping of this cross connecting elements 1-1Mouth 1-10 leaks outside, and by the middle connecting elements 1-2 in the first card interface 1-4 of this cross connecting elements 1-1 and step 3036The 6th card interface 1-7 connect, by the 3rd card interface 1-9 of this cross connecting elements 1-1 with in step 3037 centre be connectedThe 6th card interface 1-7 of member 1-2 connects;
Step 304, the anchor hole 1-8 that adopts boring bar tool to pass on cross connecting elements 1-1 are performing the plant protection of vegetation kindOn the ledge structure face of the loess slope of barrier PVC plate construction 1, hole, anchor pole 3-2 is put into boring through anchor hole 1-8 and go forward side by sideRow slip casting, then connecting bolt 3-1 on the one section of anchor pole 3-2 that is positioned at anchor hole 1-8 upper end; When concrete enforcement, described drillmanTool is portable rig;
Step 4, vegetation plantation, detailed process is:
Step 401, the multiple solid native grid that performs the 1 rear formation of vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction is installed to lattice 1-12Carry out smooth cleaning;
Step 402, solid native grid on the slope structure face of loess slope are installed in lattice 1-12 and are planted shrub 5;
Step 403, solid native grid on the ledge structure face of loess slope are installed in lattice 1-12 and are planted arbor 4;
Step 404, adopt grass seeder to spray grass-seed to the ledge structure face of described loess slope and slope structureOn face;
Step 5, the solid native grid 2 of installation, detailed process is: install in lattice 1-12 at each solid native grid, build on a docking left side halfVolume grating 2-1 and right half masonry grid 2-5, form solid native grid 2;
Step 6, perform gutter 6 at slope top and the toe place of loess slope, and carry out engineering maintenance;
Step 7, employing sprinkling wagon are sprayed onto water on loess slope, carry out vegetation maintenance.
In sum, the present invention adopts semi-rigid system to carry out bank protection to loess slope, adopts in a large number vegetation planting guaranteePVC plate construction, constructs simple and convenient, and cost is low; Preliminary stage, due to the existence of vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction, limitSlope can ensure good stability; Later stage, due to factors such as the material agings of vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction,The intensity of self constantly reduces, and the development of Vegetation community in addition selects the vegetation of well developed root system constantly to pass through friendship in early daysFork is to being arranged on the first hole 1-3 on cross connecting elements 1-1 and being arranged on the second hole 1-3 on middle connecting elementsIn, form the reinforcement effects of 3 D stereo, make up preferably the stability of later stage side slope, practice the reinforcement of side slope later stageTheory; The present invention has followed the theory of " respect for nature, recovery nature ", according to Canal in Loess Area vegetation development characteristics, selects and hasArbor, shrub and the grass of superiority, the compound vegetational type of manual reversion " arbor+shrub+grass " system, this is more conducive to limitSlope ecology recovers.
The above, be only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not the present invention imposed any restrictions, every according to the present inventionAny simple modification, change and equivalent structure that technical spirit is done above embodiment change, and all still belong to skill of the present inventionIn the protection domain of art scheme.

Claims (8)

1. a loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system, is characterized in that: comprise and vertically squeeze into loess slopeLedge structure face and slope structure face in vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction (1), and embed and be arranged on vegetation plantationEnsure the multiple solid native grids (2) in PVC plate construction (1) and be planted in planting that vegetation in multiple solid native grids (2) formBy group;
Described vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction (1) comprise multiple cross connecting elements (1-1) of being made by PVC sheet material andConnecting elements (1-2) in the middle of multiple, and for vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction (1) being fixed on to the platform of loess slopeMultiple anchor pole mechanisms (3) on stage structure face or slope structure face; The length on four cross limits of described cross connecting elements (1-1)Degree is all equal, and the bottom of described cross connecting elements (1-1) is provided with first basil (1-13), described cross connecting elements (1-1) two ends in horizontal direction are respectively arranged with the first card interface (1-4) and the 4th card interface (1-10), and described cross connects structureTwo ends on part (1-1) vertical direction are respectively arranged with the second card interface (1-5) and the 3rd card interface (1-9); Described centre connectsConnection member (1-2) is strip structure, and the bottom of described middle connecting elements (1-2) is provided with second basil (1-14), described inOne end of middle connecting elements (1-2) be provided with all coordinate with the second card interface (1-5) and the 4th card interface (1-10) the 5thCard interface (1-6), the other end of described middle connecting elements (1-2) is provided with and the first card interface (1-4) and the 3rd card interface(1-9) the 6th card interface (1-7) all coordinating, described the first card interface (1-4), the 3rd card interface (1-9) and the 5th card interface(1-6) structure is identical and be the card interface that is provided with the draw-in groove that Open Side Down, described the second card interface (1-5), the 4th cardThe structure of interface (1-10) and the 6th card interface (1-7) is identical and be the card interface of the draw-in groove that is provided with opening upwards; DescribedPromising root system of plant is set on cross connecting elements (1-1) first hole (1-3) of growing space is provided, the described middle structure that connectsPromising root system of plant is set on part (1-2) provides second hole (1-11) of growing space, described cross connecting elements (1-1)Geometric center is provided with anchor hole (1-8), and described anchor pole mechanism (3) comprises the anchor pole (3-2) for penetrating anchor hole (1-8) and usesIn the bolt (3-1) of anchoring rod (3-2), multiple anchor pole mechanisms (3) have formed Bolt Groups; Two adjacent cross connecting elements(1-1) connect by connecting elements (1-2) in the middle of, four cross connecting elements (1-1) with connect for being connected four crossesThe cavity that in the middle of four of connection member (1-1), connecting elements (1-2) surrounds is for installing the solid native lattice of native grid (2) admittedly for embeddingGrid are installed lattice (1-12);
Described solid native grid (2) serve as reasons all integrated left half masonry grid (2-1) and right half masonry grid (2-5) docking groupBecome rectangle masonry grid, described left half masonry grid (2-1) comprise rectangle left half of gridiron (2-2), be arranged on left one side of somethingGridiron (2-3) and be arranged on left half of gridiron (2-2) side and the left semicircle concaving in the inner left side half of gridiron (2-2)Shape gridiron (2-4); Described right half masonry grid (2-5) comprise rectangle right half of gridiron (2-6), be arranged on right half of gridiron(2-6) gridiron (2-7) and be arranged on right half of gridiron (2-6) side and the right semicircular lattice that concave in the inner right side halfFrame (2-8); Described left semicircle shape gridiron (2-4) and right semicircular gridiron (2-8) dock to have formed and are positioned at solid native grid (2) centerThe vegetation implantation hole (2-9) of position;
Described vegetational type comprises step vegetational type and slope vegetation group, and described step vegetational type comprises being planted in and is positioned atMultiple arbors (4) in multiple solid native grids (2) on the ledge structure face of loess slope, described slope vegetation group comprises kindBe implanted in multiple shrubs (5) of the multiple solid native grids (2) on the slope structure face that is arranged in loess slope.
2. according to loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described inFour faces of right-angled intersection place of cross connecting elements (1-1) are arc surface, outside four summits place of described solid native grid (2)Convex surface is arc surface and matches with four arc surfaces of right-angled intersection place of cross connecting elements (1-1).
3. according to loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: eachThe quantity of the first hole (1-3) on described cross connecting elements (1-1) is four.
4. according to loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: eachThe quantity of the second hole (1-11) in the middle of described on connecting elements (1-2) is four.
5. according to loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described inStep vegetational type also comprises the grass being planted on the ledge structure face that is positioned at loess slope, and described slope vegetation group also comprisesBe planted in the grass on the slope structure face that is positioned at loess slope.
6. according to loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: work as HuangSoil side slope is in the time that average annual rainfall is greater than the forest region of 550mm and is positioned at the Qinling Mountains one line, and described arbor (4) is Huashan pine, ironChina fir, lacquer tree, Chinese pine or oak maple, described shrub (5) is meadow sweet, winged euonymus, celastrus orbiculatus, raspberry, honeysuckle Huo Jia Opulus, described grassFor bitter fleabane, sedge or hieracioides; When loess slope is greater than the forest region of 550mm and is positioned at Yan'an one line in average annual rainfallTime, described arbor (4) is arbor-vitae, Quercus liaotungensis, Chinese pine, white birch, triangle maple, China tree, Luan Shu or wych-elm, described shrub (5) is blackXun, Abelia biflora, Nanking cherry, periploca spium, golden cypress thorn or Amur maple, described grass is sedge, shrub lespedeza or wormwood artemisia class; When loess slope placeWhen forest steppe zone in average annual rainfall between 450mm~550mm, described arbor (4) be locust tree, torch tree, birch-leaf pear,Tree-of-heaven, hawthorn, populus simonii or dry land willow, described shrub (5) is caragana microphylla, sea-buckthorn, false indigo, mountain peach, ansu apricot, periploca spium, Ostryopsis davidiana, podOpulus, clematis, Lindley Butterflybush Herb, flat core wood, cloves, Sophara viciifolia or meadow sweet, described grass is clover, the mound dish that withers, Da Wuli shrub lespedeza,Sedge, hay wormwood artemisia, gmelin worm wood, yellow bluestem, reed, Stipa bungeana, Artemisia scoparia or bad grass; When loess slope is less than in average annual rainfall, described arbor (4) is locust tree, populus simonii, birch-leaf pear, elm or dry land willow when in 450mm the steppe belt, and described shrub (5) is caragana microphylla, sandSour jujube, false indigo, mountain peach, ansu apricot, pinus sylvestris var. mongolica or salix monogolica, described grass is buckwheat, mongolian bluebeard, Stipa bungeana, Sha Peng, sand sagebrush (Artemisia filifolia), lamb's-quarters, pig hairDish, salsola collina, worm are real, alkali is fluffy, whin, the Radix Astragali, the root of large-flowered skullcap, Euphorbia esula L, Chinese swallowwort latex, wheatgrass, rely grass, lyme grass or grass in vain.
7. according to loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described inPVC sheet material is high-strength PVC sheet material, and the thickness of described high-strength PVC sheet material is 3mm~15mm, described high-strength PVC sheet materialStretching yield stress is 50Mpa~100Mpa.
8. the side that loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction system as claimed in claim 1 is constructedMethod, is characterized in that the method comprises the following steps:
Step 1, side slope shaping: the multiple ledge structure faces to loess slope and multiple slope structure face carry out just flat;
Step 2, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, on multiple slope structure faces of loess slope, perform vegetation kind successivelyPlant protection barrier PVC plate construction (1) wherein, performs vegetation planting guarantee PVC sheet material on each slope structure face of loess slopeThe detailed process of structure (1) is:
Step 201, on the slope structure face of loess slope, mark rectangle construction area;
Step 202, is first put many slope structure face trends that are parallel to loess slope in described rectangle construction areaLine, as zero grade line (7), the spacing between adjacent two described zero grade lines (7) isWherein,L1For the length on a cross limit of cross connecting elements (1-1), L2For the length of middle connecting elements (1-2); Then, then oftenA construction boost line (9) is put at centre position place between adjacent two zero grade lines (7);
Step 203, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, between adjacent two zero grade lines (7), perform successively many rowsThe rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8) of docking mutually, each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8) is all wrappedDraw together four cross connecting elements (1-1) and four middle connecting elements (1-2), four cross connecting elements (1-1) are laid respectivelyAt A, B, C, tetra-summits of the D place of rhombus ABCD, A, the B of rhombus ABCD, C, tetra-summits of D are around counterclockwise laying, twoCross connecting elements (1-1) connects by a middle connecting elements (1-2); Wherein, each described rhombus vegetation planting guaranteeIn elementary cell (8), the center that is positioned at the B summit of rhombus ABCD and the cross connecting elements (1-1) at D summit place is laid in respectivelyAdjacent two zero grade lines (7) are upper, are arranged in the A summit of rhombus ABCD and the cross connecting elements (1-1) at C summit placeThe heart is all laid in construction boost line (9); Adjacent two described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cells (8) share one tenWord connecting elements (1-1), and the rhombus C summit place of the previous described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8) performingThe rhombus A summit place of the described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8) that cross connecting elements (1-1) performs as the next oneCross connecting elements (1-1); The process that performs of each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8) is:
Step 2031, will be positioned at the cross connecting elements at the rhombus A summit place of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8)(1-1) squeeze in the slope structure face of loess slope, and second card interface (1-5) of this cross connecting elements (1-1) is leaked outsideIn the position, AB limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), make the 4th clamping of this cross connecting elements (1-1)Mouth (1-10) leaks outside in the position, AD limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8);
The upper connection of the second card interface (1-5) of step 2032, cross connecting elements (1-1) in step 2031 is positioned at described water chestnutThe middle connecting elements (1-2) of the position, AB limit of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this centre connecting elements(1-2) squeeze in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface (1-7) of this centre connecting elements (1-2) is leaked outsideIn the position, AB limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8); Wherein, in the middle of described the of connecting elements (1-2)Five card interfaces (1-6) are connected with second card interface (1-5) of cross connecting elements (1-1);
The 4th card interface (1-10) of step 2033, cross connecting elements (1-1) in step 2031 is upper connect and be positioned at described inThe middle connecting elements (1-2) of the position, AD limit of rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this centre connecting elements(1-2) squeeze in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface (1-7) of this centre connecting elements (1-2) is leaked outsideIn the position, AD limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8); Wherein, in the middle of described the of connecting elements (1-2)Five card interfaces (1-6) are connected with the 4th card interface (1-10) of cross connecting elements (1-1);
The upper connection of the 6th card interface (1-7) of step 2034, middle connecting elements (1-2) in step 2032 is positioned at described water chestnutThe cross connecting elements (1-1) at the B vertex position place of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this cross connecting elements(1-1) squeeze in the slope structure face of loess slope, and second card interface (1-5) of this cross connecting elements (1-1) leaked outside,The 4th card interface (1-10) of this cross connecting elements (1-1) is leaked outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8)Position, BC limit; Wherein, the 3rd card interface (1-9) of described cross connecting elements (1-1) and middle connecting elements (1-2)The 6th card interface (1-7) connects;
The upper connection of the 6th card interface (1-7) of step 2035, middle connecting elements (1-2) in step 2033 is positioned at described water chestnutThe cross connecting elements (1-1) at the D vertex position place of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this cross connecting elements(1-1) squeeze in the slope structure face of loess slope, and second card interface (1-5) of this cross connecting elements (1-1) is leaked outsideIn the position, DC limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), make the 4th clamping of this cross connecting elements (1-1)Mouth (1-10) leaks outside; Wherein, first card interface (1-4) of described cross connecting elements (1-1) and middle connecting elements (1-2)The 6th card interface (1-7) connects;
The 4th card interface (1-10) of step 2036, cross connecting elements (1-1) in step 2034 is upper connect and be positioned at described inThe middle connecting elements (1-2) of the position, BC limit of rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this centre connecting elements(1-2) squeeze in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface (1-7) of this centre connecting elements (1-2) is leaked outsideIn the position, BC limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8); Wherein, in the middle of described the of connecting elements (1-2)Five card interfaces (1-6) are connected with the 4th card interface (1-10) of cross connecting elements (1-1);
The upper connection of the second card interface (1-5) of step 2037, cross connecting elements (1-1) in step 2035 is positioned at described water chestnutThe middle connecting elements (1-2) of the position, DC limit of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this centre connecting elements(1-2) squeeze in the slope structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface (1-7) of this centre connecting elements (1-2) is leaked outsideIn the position, DC limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8); Wherein, in the middle of described the of connecting elements (1-2)Five card interfaces (1-6) are connected with second card interface (1-5) of cross connecting elements (1-1);
Step 2038, will be positioned at the cross connecting elements at the rhombus C summit place of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8)(1-1) squeeze in the slope structure face of loess slope, make second card interface (1-5) and the 4th of this cross connecting elements (1-1)Card interface (1-10) leaks outside, and first card interface (1-4) of this cross connecting elements (1-1) and the centre in step 2036 are connectedThe 6th card interface (1-7) of connection member (1-2) connects, by the 3rd card interface (1-9) and step of this cross connecting elements (1-1)The 6th card interface (1-7) of the middle connecting elements (1-2) in 2037 connects;
Step 204, the anchor hole (1-8) that adopts boring bar tool to pass on cross connecting elements (1-1) are performing the plant protection of vegetation kindOn the slope structure face of the loess slope of barrier PVC plate construction (1), hole, anchor pole (3-2) is put into boring through anchor hole (1-8)In and carry out slip casting, then at the upper connecting bolt (3-1) of the one section of anchor pole (3-2) that is being positioned at anchor hole (1-8) upper end;
Step 3, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, on multiple ledge structure faces of loess slope, perform vegetation kind successivelyPlant protection barrier PVC plate construction (1) wherein, performs vegetation planting guarantee PVC sheet material on each ledge structure face of loess slopeThe detailed process of structure (1) is:
Step 301, on the ledge structure face of loess slope, mark rectangle construction area;
Step 302, is first put many slope structure face trends that are parallel to loess slope in described rectangle construction areaLine, as zero grade line (7), the spacing between adjacent two described zero grade lines (7) isWherein,L1For the length on a cross limit of cross connecting elements (1-1), L2For the length of middle connecting elements (1-2); Then, then oftenA construction boost line (9) is put at centre position place between adjacent two zero grade lines (7);
Step 303, according to the order of pushing up toe from slope, between adjacent two zero grade lines (7), perform successively many rowsThe rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8) of docking mutually, each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8) is all wrappedDraw together four cross connecting elements (1-1) and four middle connecting elements (1-2), four cross connecting elements (1-1) are laid respectivelyAt A, B, C, tetra-summits of the D place of rhombus ABCD, A, the B of rhombus ABCD, C, tetra-summits of D are around counterclockwise laying, twoCross connecting elements (1-1) connects by a middle connecting elements (1-2); Wherein, each described rhombus vegetation planting guaranteeIn elementary cell (8), the center that is positioned at the B summit of rhombus ABCD and the cross connecting elements (1-1) at D summit place is laid in respectivelyAdjacent two zero grade lines (7) are upper, are arranged in the A summit of rhombus ABCD and the cross connecting elements (1-1) at C summit placeThe heart is all laid in construction boost line (9); Adjacent two described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cells (8) share one tenWord connecting elements (1-1), and the rhombus C summit place of the previous described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8) performingThe rhombus A summit place of the described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8) that cross connecting elements (1-1) performs as the next oneCross connecting elements (1-1); The process that performs of each described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8) is:
Step 3031, will be positioned at the cross connecting elements at the rhombus A summit place of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8)(1-1) squeeze in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and second card interface (1-5) of this cross connecting elements (1-1) is leaked outsideIn the position, AB limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), make the 4th clamping of this cross connecting elements (1-1)Mouth (1-10) leaks outside in the position, AD limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8);
The upper connection of the second card interface (1-5) of step 3032, cross connecting elements (1-1) in step 3031 is positioned at described water chestnutThe middle connecting elements (1-2) of the position, AB limit of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this centre connecting elements(1-2) squeeze in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface (1-7) of this centre connecting elements (1-2) is leaked outsideIn the position, AB limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8); Wherein, in the middle of described the of connecting elements (1-2)Five card interfaces (1-6) are connected with second card interface (1-5) of cross connecting elements (1-1);
The 4th card interface (1-10) of step 3033, cross connecting elements (1-1) in step 3031 is upper connect and be positioned at described inThe middle connecting elements (1-2) of the position, AD limit of rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this centre connecting elements(1-2) squeeze in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface (1-7) of this centre connecting elements (1-2) is leaked outsideIn the position, AD limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8); Wherein, in the middle of described the of connecting elements (1-2)Five card interfaces (1-6) are connected with the 4th card interface (1-10) of cross connecting elements (1-1);
The upper connection of the 6th card interface (1-7) of step 3034, middle connecting elements (1-2) in step 3032 is positioned at described water chestnutThe cross connecting elements (1-1) at the B vertex position place of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this cross connecting elements(1-1) squeeze in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and second card interface (1-5) of this cross connecting elements (1-1) leaked outside,The 4th card interface (1-10) of this cross connecting elements (1-1) is leaked outside in described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8)Position, BC limit; Wherein, the 3rd card interface (1-9) of described cross connecting elements (1-1) and middle connecting elements (1-2)The 6th card interface (1-7) connects;
The upper connection of the 6th card interface (1-7) of step 3035, middle connecting elements (1-2) in step 3033 is positioned at described water chestnutThe cross connecting elements (1-1) at the D vertex position place of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this cross connecting elements(1-1) squeeze in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and second card interface (1-5) of this cross connecting elements (1-1) is leaked outsideIn the position, DC limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), make the 4th clamping of this cross connecting elements (1-1)Mouth (1-10) leaks outside; Wherein, first card interface (1-4) of described cross connecting elements (1-1) and middle connecting elements (1-2)The 6th card interface (1-7) connects;
The 4th card interface (1-10) of step 3036, cross connecting elements (1-1) in step 3034 is upper connect and be positioned at described inThe middle connecting elements (1-2) of the position, BC limit of rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this centre connecting elements(1-2) squeeze in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface (1-7) of this centre connecting elements (1-2) is leaked outsideIn the position, BC limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8); Wherein, in the middle of described the of connecting elements (1-2)Five card interfaces (1-6) are connected with the 4th card interface (1-10) of cross connecting elements (1-1);
The upper connection of the second card interface (1-5) of step 3037, cross connecting elements (1-1) in step 3035 is positioned at described water chestnutThe middle connecting elements (1-2) of the position, DC limit of shape vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8), and by this centre connecting elements(1-2) squeeze in the ledge structure face of loess slope, and the 6th card interface (1-7) of this centre connecting elements (1-2) is leaked outsideIn the position, DC limit of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8); Wherein, in the middle of described the of connecting elements (1-2)Five card interfaces (1-6) are connected with second card interface (1-5) of cross connecting elements (1-1);
Step 3038, will be positioned at the cross connecting elements at the rhombus C summit place of described rhombus vegetation planting guarantee elementary cell (8)(1-1) squeeze in the ledge structure face of loess slope, make second card interface (1-5) and the 4th of this cross connecting elements (1-1)Card interface (1-10) leaks outside, and first card interface (1-4) of this cross connecting elements (1-1) and the centre in step 3036 are connectedThe 6th card interface (1-7) of connection member (1-2) connects, by the 3rd card interface (1-9) and step of this cross connecting elements (1-1)The 6th card interface (1-7) of the middle connecting elements (1-2) in 3037 connects;
Step 304, the anchor hole (1-8) that adopts boring bar tool to pass on cross connecting elements (1-1) are performing the plant protection of vegetation kindOn the ledge structure face of the loess slope of barrier PVC plate construction (1), hole, anchor pole (3-2) is put into boring through anchor hole (1-8)In and carry out slip casting, then at the upper connecting bolt (3-1) of the one section of anchor pole (3-2) that is being positioned at anchor hole (1-8) upper end;
Step 4, vegetation plantation, detailed process is:
Step 401, the multiple solid native grid installation lattice (1-12) that form afterwards performing vegetation planting guarantee PVC plate construction (1)Carry out smooth cleaning;
Step 402, solid native grid on the slope structure face of loess slope are installed and in lattice (1-12), are planted shrub (5);
Step 403, solid native grid on the ledge structure face of loess slope are installed and in lattice (1-12), are planted arbor (4);
Step 404, employing grass seeder spray grass-seed to the ledge structure face of described loess slope and on slope structure face;
Step 5, the solid native grid (2) of installation, detailed process is: install in lattice (1-12) at each solid native grid, build on a docking left side halfVolume grating (2-1) and right half masonry grid (2-5), form solid native grid (2);
Step 6, perform gutter (6) at slope top and the toe place of loess slope, and carry out engineering maintenance;
Step 7, employing sprinkling wagon are sprayed onto water on loess slope, carry out vegetation maintenance.
CN201610112436.9A 2016-02-29 2016-02-29 Loess slope vegetation planting guarantee PVC board structural system and its construction method Active CN105604071B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106034677A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-26 陈鹏娟 Gully region drought slope water and soil conservation method
CN109098194A (en) * 2018-10-25 2018-12-28 四川宏洲绿高生态科技有限公司 Protective slope structure
CN109098196A (en) * 2018-10-25 2018-12-28 四川宏洲绿高生态科技有限公司 Protective slope structure
CN109098195A (en) * 2018-10-25 2018-12-28 四川宏洲绿高生态科技有限公司 Protective slope structure
CN109594571A (en) * 2018-12-19 2019-04-09 内江师范学院 A kind of staged green edge slope structure

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JP2006177057A (en) * 2004-12-22 2006-07-06 Tokyo Metropolis Timber connector for slope frame work, and wooden slope frame work unit
CN204644963U (en) * 2015-02-08 2015-09-16 安徽华普节能材料股份有限公司 A kind of clip-lock style ecological slope protecting components
CN204825962U (en) * 2015-08-05 2015-12-02 赵逵 Slope wall for road construction
CN205399442U (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-07-27 西安科技大学 Loess slope vegetation plants guarantee PVC plate structure system

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JPH06173273A (en) * 1992-12-03 1994-06-21 Furii Kogyo Kk Slope stabilizing construction method
JP2006177057A (en) * 2004-12-22 2006-07-06 Tokyo Metropolis Timber connector for slope frame work, and wooden slope frame work unit
CN204644963U (en) * 2015-02-08 2015-09-16 安徽华普节能材料股份有限公司 A kind of clip-lock style ecological slope protecting components
CN204825962U (en) * 2015-08-05 2015-12-02 赵逵 Slope wall for road construction
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106034677A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-26 陈鹏娟 Gully region drought slope water and soil conservation method
CN109098194A (en) * 2018-10-25 2018-12-28 四川宏洲绿高生态科技有限公司 Protective slope structure
CN109098196A (en) * 2018-10-25 2018-12-28 四川宏洲绿高生态科技有限公司 Protective slope structure
CN109098195A (en) * 2018-10-25 2018-12-28 四川宏洲绿高生态科技有限公司 Protective slope structure
CN109594571A (en) * 2018-12-19 2019-04-09 内江师范学院 A kind of staged green edge slope structure
CN109594571B (en) * 2018-12-19 2020-11-06 内江师范学院 Cascaded green side slope structure

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