CN105598883A - Efficiency improved workpiece clamping device and use method thereof - Google Patents

Efficiency improved workpiece clamping device and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105598883A
CN105598883A CN201610180602.9A CN201610180602A CN105598883A CN 105598883 A CN105598883 A CN 105598883A CN 201610180602 A CN201610180602 A CN 201610180602A CN 105598883 A CN105598883 A CN 105598883A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
driving wheel
clamping
push
wheel parts
clamping plate
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610180602.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
俞友良
Original Assignee
俞友良
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 俞友良 filed Critical 俞友良
Priority to CN201610180602.9A priority Critical patent/CN105598883A/en
Publication of CN105598883A publication Critical patent/CN105598883A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B11/00Work holders not covered by any preceding group in the subclass, e.g. magnetic work holders, vacuum work holders

Abstract

The invention discloses an efficiency improved workpiece clamping device and a use method thereof. The clamping device comprises a base frame (9), two driving wheel parts (700) rotatably symmetrically arranged at two sides of the base frame (9), and two symmetrical clamping plates (8) driven by the two driving wheel parts (700), respectively, wherein each driving wheel part (700) comprises a main shaft (79), an upper driving wheel (7) arranged at the upper end of the main shaft (79), a lower driving wheel (5) arranged at the lower end of the main shaft (79), and a push-pull vertical rod (71) fixedly connected between the upper driving wheel (7) and the lower driving wheel (5), and the push-pull vertical rod (71) of each driving wheel part (700) is articulated with the tail end of a protruding arm (61) of a corresponding push-pull slider (6).

Description

A kind of work holder of raising the efficiency and using method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to fixture field, be specially a kind of work holder of raising the efficiency and using method thereof.

Background technology

In the work step such as processing and detection for some sheet-like workpieces, often need workpiece to clamp reliably.And current often complex structure of some clamping devices, and be difficult to realize strengthen open distance to meet notThe simplification requirement of the clamping of stack pile dimension workpiece and handling. And pass through chain type or belt transmission at someWhen carrying out transmission that large scale opens distance and realizing, be often difficult to apply large clamping force, it is for operationResponse aspect also has retardance or has power transmission loss.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of work holder of raising the efficiency and using method thereof, its energyEnough overcome defect of the prior art.

The work holder of raising the efficiency according to an aspect of the present invention, comprises pedestal, right rotationallyClaim to be arranged on two driving wheel parts of described pedestal both sides and driven by two driving wheel parts respectively and rightClaim two clamping plates that arrange, wherein, each described driving wheel parts include main shaft, are arranged on described masterThe upper driving wheel of axle upper end, be arranged on the lower driving wheel of described main shaft lower end and be fixedly connected on described onPush-and-pull vertical rod between driving wheel and lower driving wheel, described push-and-pull vertical rod and the phase of each described driving wheel partsThe end of the protruded arm of the push-and-pull slide block of answering is hinged, the main body block of described push-and-pull slide block and described two clamping platesIn corresponding clamping plate in chute be slidably matched, both sides, the front and back place of each described clamping plate is provided with energyThe guiding protrusion sliding in chute is extended in enough left and right in described pedestal, and extend in chute each described left and rightBe provided with two taper elastic telescopic lock tabs, in order to respectively the protruding tongue of corresponding clamping plate is locked atClip position, the medial surface of each described clamping plate is provided with elastic clamping sheet, in order to respectively be heldThe corresponding side surface of sheet-like workpiece engage to realize clamping; On the left of wherein, in two described driving wheel partsThe described lower driving wheel of driving wheel parts and the left end of drive link are hinged, described in the driving wheel parts on right sideThe right-hand member of lower driving wheel and described drive link is hinged, and is provided with and stretches out on the driving wheel parts in described left sideIn the rocking handle of described pedestal upside, described chute bosom position is provided with guiding guide rod, described guiding guide rodRun through described main body block and be slidably connected with described main body block, in described guiding guide rod two ends and described chuteDescribed clamping plate is fixedly connected with, and described guiding guide rod is used for the walking of described push-and-pull slide block to limit guiding,Prevent that described push-and-pull slider row from walking skew, described guiding is protruded and is provided with groove, in described groove, is provided with roller,Described roller and described left and right are extended chute rolling and are connected, and described roller is in order to reduce friction, and raisingThe flexibility that described clamping plate moves left and right.

According on the other hand, the using method of above-mentioned clamping device, original state be described clamping plate inOpen state, in described sheet-like workpiece is placed in two clamping mouths between described elastic clamping sheet time, pass through handShake described rocking handle and drive the driving wheel parts in described left side to rotate, thus, by described drive link,The driving wheel parts on described right side driven and with the driving wheel parts opposite direction in described left side rotate, fromAnd described two clamping plates are moved toward each other with to described by corresponding push-and-pull slider-actuatedShape workpiece clamps; In the time that needs unclamp, operate described rocking handle and rotate backward, thereby make described twoClamping plate is mutually liftoff motion each other, to unclamp described sheet-like workpiece.

By the present invention, due to be provided with by with the drive link of the axial line crossed orientation of driving wheel by twoIndividual driving wheel parts power connects, thereby can transmit the pushing force that meets clamping force size, and can makeObtain two driving wheel parts and be spaced from each other certain distance and meet the needs for work-handling, also metThere are the driving needs of the opposite direction of the clamping plate of space requirement for work-handling. By by connecting rod settingLocate being positioned at the downside of lower driving wheel (outside), can avoid interfering with the main shaft of driving wheel and meeting largeDistance drives requirement, is connected in the push-and-pull vertical shaft between upper and lower driving wheel by setting, can transmit large folderTight power and can make the power transmitting evenly be applied on slide block. And by specific rod hinge connection is setPosition, angle, can be convenient to the distance that makes two fixture blocks slide after manual pulley is turned an angle by clamping thrustFrom identical, thereby make to clamp, to determine neutrality better. Whole apparatus structure is firm, uses reliable and operation sideJust.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the property the looked up overall structure schematic diagram of clamping device of the present invention, and it is from upper and lower two driving wheelsBetween sectioned, wherein, clamping plate is in open configuration.

Fig. 2 is the overlooking property structural representation of the device shown in Fig. 1, and its downside from whole device is looked up,Wherein, clamping plate is in clamped condition.

Fig. 3 be corresponding to the device of view in Fig. 1 at clamping plate the schematic diagram during in clamped condition.

Fig. 4 be corresponding to the device of view in Fig. 2 at clamping plate the schematic diagram during in releasing orientation.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the driving wheel in left side.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with Fig. 1-5, the present invention is described in detail.

According to a kind of work holder of raising the efficiency of embodiment, comprise pedestal 9, right rotationallyClaim to be arranged on two driving wheel parts 700 of described pedestal 9 both sides and respectively by two driving wheel parts 700Drive and symmetrically arranged two clamping plates 8, wherein, each described driving wheel parts 700 include main shaft79, be arranged on described main shaft 79 upper ends upper driving wheel 7, be arranged on the lower driving wheel of described main shaft 79 lower ends5 and be fixedly connected on the push-and-pull vertical rod 71 between described upper driving wheel 7 and lower driving wheel 5, each described inThe described push-and-pull vertical rod 71 of driving wheel parts 700 is cut with scissors with the end of the protruded arm 61 of corresponding push-and-pull slide block 6Connect the cunning in the corresponding clamping plate 8 in main body block 62 and described two clamping plates 8 of described push-and-pull slide block 6Groove 80 is slidably matched, and both sides, the front and back place of each described clamping plate 8 is provided with can be in described pedestal 9Left and right extend the guiding of sliding in chute 90 and protrude 82, each described left and right is extended in chute 90 and is all arrangedThere are two taper elastic telescopic lock tabs 91, in order to respectively the protruding tongue 91 of corresponding clamping plate 8 is locked atClip position, the medial surface of each described clamping plate 8 is provided with elastic clamping sheet 81, in order to respectively with quiltThe corresponding side surface of the sheet-like workpiece of clamping engages to realize clamping; Wherein, two described driving wheel parts 700The described lower driving wheel 5 of the driving wheel parts 700 in middle left side is hinged with the left end of drive link 4, right sideThe described lower driving wheel 5 of driving wheel parts 700 is hinged with the right-hand member of described drive link 4, and described left sideDriving wheel parts 700 on be provided with the rocking handle 72 that stretches out in described pedestal 9 upsides, described chute 80 insideCentre position is provided with guiding guide rod 6201, and described guiding guide rod 6201 runs through described main body block 62 and with describedMain body block 62 is slidably connected, the described clamping plate 8 in described guiding guide rod 6201 two ends and described chute 80Be fixedly connected with, described guiding guide rod 6201 is for the walking of described push-and-pull slide block 6 is limited to guiding, anti-Stop described push-and-pull slide block 6 walking skews, described guiding is protruded 82 and is provided with groove 101, described groove 101Inside be provided with roller 102, described roller 102 and described left and right are extended chute 90 and are rolled and be connected, described in rollWheel 102 rubs in order to reduce, and improves the flexibility that described clamping plate 8 moves left and right.

Valuably, wherein, when two described clamping plates 8 are during in open configuration away from each other, left sideThe described lower driving wheel 5 of described driving wheel parts 700 and the residing radius 41 of the pin joint of drive link 4 withLine of centres 70 between two lower driving wheels 5 of described two described driving wheel parts 700 is vertical, and is positioned atThe front side of described line of centres 70, the described lower driving wheel 5 of the described driving wheel parts 700 on right side and the company of drivingThe residing radius 42 of pin joint of bar 4 is vertical with described line of centres 70, and be positioned at described line of centres 70 afterSide.

Valuably, wherein, the quantity of the described protruded arm 61 of each described push-and-pull slide block 6 is two, separatelyGround is positioned at the both sides up and down of corresponding clamping plate 8.

According to embodiment, the using method of above-mentioned work holder of raising the efficiency, described in original state isClamping plate 8 is in open configuration, when described sheet-like workpiece is placed in two folders between described elastic clamping sheet 81When tight mouth 98 is interior, drive the driving wheel parts 700 in described left side to turn by the described rocking handle 72 of manual shakeMoving, thus, by described drive link 4, the driving wheel parts on described right side are driven and with described left sideDriving wheel parts 700 opposite direction ground rotate, thereby make described two clamping plates 8 by corresponding push-and-pullSlide block 6 drives and moves that toward each other described sheet-like workpiece is clamped; In the time that needs unclamp, behaviourMake described rocking handle 72 and rotate backward, thereby make the mutually liftoff motion each other of described two clamping plates 8, to unclampDescribed sheet-like workpiece.

Due to be provided with by with the drive link of the axial line crossed orientation of driving wheel by two driving wheel partsPower connects, thereby can transmit the pushing force that meets clamping force size, and can make two driving wheelsParts are spaced from each other certain distance and meet the needs for work-handling, have also met for work-handlingThere are the driving needs of the opposite direction of the clamping plate of space requirement. By being arranged on, connecting rod is positioned at lower drivingThe downside (outside) of wheel is located, can avoid interfering with the main shaft of driving wheel and meeting large distance driving requirement,Be connected in the push-and-pull vertical shaft between upper and lower driving wheel by setting, can transmit large clamping force and can makeThe power that must transmit is evenly applied on slide block. And by position, specific rod hinge connection angle is set, can be convenient toAfter manual pulley is turned an angle, make the distance of two fixture blocks slips identical by clamping thrust, thereby makeMust clamp that to determine neutrality better.

By with upper type, those skilled in the art can do according to mode of operation within the scope of the inventionGo out various changes.

Claims (4)

1. a work holder of raising the efficiency, comprises pedestal (9), symmetry is arranged on institute rotationallyState two driving wheel parts (700) of pedestal (9) both sides and respectively by two driving wheel parts (700)Drive and symmetrically arranged two clamping plates (8), wherein, each described driving wheel parts (700) includeMain shaft (79), be arranged on described main shaft (79) upper end upper driving wheel (7), be arranged on described main shaft (79)The lower driving wheel (5) of lower end and be fixedly connected on described upper driving wheel (7) and lower driving wheel (5) itBetween push-and-pull vertical rod (71), described push-and-pull vertical rod (71) and the phase of each described driving wheel parts (700)The end of the protruded arm (61) of the push-and-pull slide block (6) of answering is hinged, the main body block of described push-and-pull slide block (6)(62) chute (80) in the corresponding clamping plate (8) and in described two clamping plates (8) is slidably matched,Both sides, the front and back place of each described clamping plate (8) is provided with and can prolongs the left and right in described pedestal (9)Stretch the guiding of sliding in chute (90) and protrude (82), all settings in chute (90) are extended in each described left and rightThere are two taper elastic telescopic lock tabs (91), in order to respectively by the protruding tongue (91) of corresponding clamping plate (8)Be locked at clip position, the medial surface of each described clamping plate (8) is provided with elastic clamping sheet (81),In order to engage to realize clamping with the corresponding side surface of the sheet-like workpiece being held respectively; Wherein, described in two, driveDescribed lower driving wheel (5) and the drive link of the driving wheel parts (700) in left side in driving wheel parts (700)(4) left end is hinged, the described lower driving wheel (5) of the driving wheel parts (700) on right side and described drivingThe right-hand member of connecting rod (4) is hinged, and described in being provided with on the driving wheel parts (700) in described left side and stretching out inThe rocking handle (72) of pedestal (9) upside, described chute (80) bosom position is provided with guiding guide rod (6201),Described guiding guide rod (6201) runs through described main body block (62) and is slidably connected with described main body block (62),Described guiding guide rod (6201) two ends are fixedly connected with the described clamping plate (8) in described chute (80),Described guiding guide rod (6201), for the walking of described push-and-pull slide block (6) is limited to guiding, prevents instituteState push-and-pull slide block (6) walking skew, described guiding is protruded (82) and is provided with groove (101), described groove(101) in, be provided with roller (102), described roller (102) extends chute (90) with described left and right and rollsBe connected, described roller (102) is in order to reduce friction, and improves described clamping plate (8) and move left and rightFlexibility.
2. a kind of work holder of raising the efficiency as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described in twoClamping plate (8) in the time of open configuration away from each other, the institute of the described driving wheel parts (700) in left sideState the residing radius of pin joint (41) of lower driving wheel (5) and drive link (4) with described in described twoLine of centres (70) between two lower driving wheels (5) of driving wheel parts (700) is vertical, and is positioned at instituteState the front side of line of centres (70), the described lower driving wheel (5) of the described driving wheel parts (700) on right sideVertical with described line of centres (70) with the residing radius of pin joint (42) of drive link (4), and be positioned atThe rear side of described line of centres (70).
3. a kind of work holder of raising the efficiency as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein, Mei GesuoThe quantity of stating the described protruded arm (61) of push-and-pull slide block (6) is two, is positioned at dividually corresponding clamping plate(8) both sides up and down.
4. the user of a kind of work holder of raising the efficiency as described in the claims any oneMethod, original state is that described clamping plate (8) is in open configuration, when described sheet-like workpiece is placed in described in twoWhen clamping mouth (98) between elastic clamping sheet (81) is interior, by the described rocking handle of manual shake (72)Drive the driving wheel parts (700) in described left side to rotate, thus, by described drive link (4), described inThe driving wheel parts on right side are driven and are rotated with driving wheel parts (700) the opposite direction ground in described left side,Thereby make described two clamping plates (8) drive by corresponding push-and-pull slide block (6) and transport toward each otherIt is moving so that described sheet-like workpiece is clamped; In the time that needs unclamp, operate described rocking handle (72) and rotate backward,Thereby make described two clamping plates (8) mutually liftoff motion each other, to unclamp described sheet-like workpiece.
CN201610180602.9A 2016-03-28 2016-03-28 Efficiency improved workpiece clamping device and use method thereof CN105598883A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610180602.9A CN105598883A (en) 2016-03-28 2016-03-28 Efficiency improved workpiece clamping device and use method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610180602.9A CN105598883A (en) 2016-03-28 2016-03-28 Efficiency improved workpiece clamping device and use method thereof

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CN105598883A true CN105598883A (en) 2016-05-25

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4138099A (en) * 1978-04-17 1979-02-06 Englehart Clem C Materials handling device
CN201067870Y (en) * 2007-05-22 2008-06-04 杨科平 Reinforcing steel bar clamping machine
CN201115909Y (en) * 2007-10-19 2008-09-17 大连华根机械有限公司 Chip locating clamping device
CN201760775U (en) * 2010-08-03 2011-03-16 河南中原吉凯恩气缸套有限公司 Automatic centering clamping device of numerical control double-shaft boring machine
CN103223651A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-07-31 甘肃蓝科石化高新装备股份有限公司 Pipe body synchronous clamping device
CN203343759U (en) * 2013-07-28 2013-12-18 朱燕飞 Synchronous clamping device
CN203752009U (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-08-06 山东派克诺尔机器有限公司 Synchronous clamping device
CN203900958U (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-10-29 兰溪市海德机床制造有限公司 Synchronous clamp
CN105108766A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-02 广西大学 Clamping type manipulator

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4138099A (en) * 1978-04-17 1979-02-06 Englehart Clem C Materials handling device
CN201067870Y (en) * 2007-05-22 2008-06-04 杨科平 Reinforcing steel bar clamping machine
CN201115909Y (en) * 2007-10-19 2008-09-17 大连华根机械有限公司 Chip locating clamping device
CN201760775U (en) * 2010-08-03 2011-03-16 河南中原吉凯恩气缸套有限公司 Automatic centering clamping device of numerical control double-shaft boring machine
CN103223651A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-07-31 甘肃蓝科石化高新装备股份有限公司 Pipe body synchronous clamping device
CN203343759U (en) * 2013-07-28 2013-12-18 朱燕飞 Synchronous clamping device
CN203752009U (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-08-06 山东派克诺尔机器有限公司 Synchronous clamping device
CN203900958U (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-10-29 兰溪市海德机床制造有限公司 Synchronous clamp
CN105108766A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-02 广西大学 Clamping type manipulator

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
梁海峰: "《机械分析与应用》", 31 January 2014 *

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Application publication date: 20160525