CN105598636A - Full-automatic turning and milling machining method of universal ball shell - Google Patents

Full-automatic turning and milling machining method of universal ball shell Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105598636A
CN105598636A CN201510838032.3A CN201510838032A CN105598636A CN 105598636 A CN105598636 A CN 105598636A CN 201510838032 A CN201510838032 A CN 201510838032A CN 105598636 A CN105598636 A CN 105598636A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
universal joint
spherical shell
joint spherical
finished
conveyer belt
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510838032.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王键钦
Original Assignee
芜湖天金机械有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 芜湖天金机械有限公司 filed Critical 芜湖天金机械有限公司
Priority to CN201510838032.3A priority Critical patent/CN105598636A/en
Publication of CN105598636A publication Critical patent/CN105598636A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P15/00Making specific metal objects by operations not covered by a single other subclass or a group in this subclass
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D3/00Yielding couplings, i.e. with means permitting movement between the connected parts during the drive
    • F16D3/16Universal joints in which flexibility is produced by means of pivots or sliding or rolling connecting parts

Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic turning and milling machining method of a universal ball shell. The method includes the following steps of firstly, turning and milling the free end face of a connection shaft part to form a process positioning blind hole, and vertically conveying a workpiece connection shaft part upwards; secondly, sending a universal ball shell blank into an appearance turning lathe through a first clamping mechanical arm, completing the turning and milling machining of appearance, and manufacturing a semi-finished universal ball shell; thirdly, taking out the semi-finished universal ball shell through the first clamping mechanical arm so that a clock-shaped shell part of the semi-finished universal ball shell can face upward and the semi-finished universal ball shell can be placed on a second conveyor belt in the mode that the axis is vertical; fourthly, conveying the semi-finished universal ball shell to the portion below a second clamping mechanical arm through the second conveyor belt, making the second clamping mechanical arm to vertically move downwards to clamp the clock-shaped shell of the semi-finished universal ball shell, placing the semi-finished universal ball shell in the feed port of an inner cavity turning lathe through the second clamping mechanical arm, and completing the turning and milling machining of the inner cavity of the clock-shaped shell part of the semi-finished universal ball shell through the inner cavity turning lathe.

Description

A kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method, belong to Car Drive Shaft and use constant velocity cardan joint product manufacturing technology field.
Background technology
Universal joint is automobile chassis key components and parts, and universal joint and power transmission shaft combination, be called card gear; On the vehicle of front-mounted engine rear wheel drive, card gear is arranged between transmission output shaft and main reducing gear of drive axle power shaft; And the vehicle of front-mounted engine front-wheel drive has omitted power transmission shaft, universal joint is arranged between not only responsible driving but also the front axle half shaft of being responsible for turning to and wheel, and its major function is in the time of driving shaft and driven shaft generation angular displacement, can flexible communication power and torque. Constant velocity universal transmission device is generally made up of fixing type equal speed universal joint, sliding constant velocity cardan joint and jackshaft. Fixing type equal speed universal joint is installed on wheel one side, and sliding constant velocity cardan joint is installed on differential mechanism one side, and jackshaft, for universal-joint, plays the effect of transmitting motion and torque. Sliding constant velocity cardan joint comprises overcoat and rolling element, and the slip of jackshaft and swing can drive rolling element to slide and swing, thereby transmit sliding power and torque.
Universal joint spherical shell is constant velocity cardan joint carry-over moment and the important node that turns to, its fatigue resistance and service life, is being related to stability and the security performance of running car; As everyone knows, universal joint spherical shell mainly comprise clutch can portion with the coaxial connection axial region being connected of clutch can portion, the turnning and milling processing of universal joint spherical shell is mainly divided into car profile and two steps of car inner chamber, in prior art, the turnning and milling process of universal joint spherical shell needs too much artificial participation, not only bad for the reduction of labour intensity and be unfavorable for quality control, be necessary to design a kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method, be applicable to being applied in automatic numerical control machining center.
Summary of the invention
The deficiency that the present invention exists for prior art just, provides a kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method, meets actual operation requirements.
For addressing the above problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, the connection axial region free end end face of universal joint spherical shell blank is carried out to car, milling processing, make to connect the free end end face of axial region smooth and have a locating blind hole, described locating blind hole is with to be connected axial region coaxial; By universal joint spherical shell blank clutch can portion down and connect axial region be vertically placed on upward on the first conveyer belt, by the below of described the first tape transport to the first clamping manipulator;
Step 2, described the first clamping manipulator move straight down and clamp the connection axial region of universal joint spherical shell blank, then described the first clamping manipulator rises and is moved horizontally to car profile lathe top, then described the first clamping manipulator moves straight down and universal joint spherical shell blank is placed on to the feeding mouth of car profile lathe, complete car, the milling processing of universal joint spherical shell blank shape by car profile lathe, make universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product;
Step 3, described the first clamping manipulator clamps the universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product at the discharging opening place of car profile lathe, then rise and be moved horizontally to the top of the second conveyer belt, described the second conveyer belt comprises left conveyer belt and right conveyer belt, the contour setting parallel with described right conveyer belt of described left conveyer belt, and between described left conveyer belt and described right conveyer belt, be provided with the vertical gap of connecting axle subordinate, then described the first clamping manipulator moves straight down and universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product axially parallel is placed horizontally on described the second conveyer belt in the vertical gap of described connecting axle subordinate, fall from the vertical backlash freedom of described connecting axle subordinate at the half-finished connection axial region of Action of Gravity Field lower cardan spherical shell, make the half-finished clutch can of universal joint spherical shell portion upward and axis be vertically placed on described the second conveyer belt,
Step 4, described the second conveyer belt are delivered to universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product the below of the second clamping manipulator, described the second clamping manipulator moves straight down and clamps the half-finished clutch can of universal joint spherical shell portion, then described the second clamping manipulator rises and is moved horizontally to car inner chamber lathe top, then described the second clamping manipulator moves straight down and universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product is placed on to the feeding mouth of car inner chamber lathe, complete car, the milling processing of universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product clutch can portion inner chamber by car inner chamber lathe, make universal joint spherical shell finished product.
As the improvement of technique scheme, also comprise that step 5, described the second clamping manipulator clamp the universal joint spherical shell finished product at the discharging opening place of car inner chamber lathe, then rise and be moved horizontally to the top of the 3rd conveyer belt, described the second clamping manipulator moves straight down universal joint spherical shell finished product is positioned on described the 3rd conveyer belt, by described the 3rd conveyer belt, universal joint spherical shell finished product is delivered on finished product pile platform.
As the improvement of technique scheme, in described step 1, the connection axial region free end end face car of universal joint spherical shell blank, described locating blind hole is carried out in milling concentricity after machining detect, and detect qualified rear ability by universal joint spherical shell blank clutch can portion and connect axial region and be vertically placed on described the first conveyer belt down upward.
As the improvement of technique scheme, in described step 2, car, the milling of car profile lathe to universal joint spherical shell blank shape adds body of tool and comprises: the connection axial region of processing universal joint spherical shell is also processed the lateral surface towards connection axial region one end of the clutch can portion of universal joint spherical shell.
As the improvement of technique scheme, in described step 4, car inner chamber lathe adds body of tool and comprises car, the milling of universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product clutch can portion inner chamber: the inner chamber of the clutch can portion of processing universal joint spherical shell is also processed free-ended lateral surface and the end face of the clutch can portion of universal joint spherical shell.
Compared with prior art, implementation result of the present invention is as follows in the present invention:
A kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method of the present invention, can programme, and is applicable to being applied in automatic numerical control machining center.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the applied device of a kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Content of the present invention is described below in conjunction with specific embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, be the structural representation of the applied device of a kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method of the present invention. Wherein, the first conveyer belt 1 and the 3rd conveyer belt 3 conllinear settings and parallel with the second conveyer belt 2; The first translation mechanism 5 is arranged at conveying clearing end, the conveying initiating terminal of the second conveyer belt 2 and the top of car profile lathe 6 of the first conveyer belt 1, and the bottom of the first translation mechanism 5 is provided with the first clamping manipulator that can lifting; The second translation mechanism 4 is arranged at conveying initiating terminal, the conveying clearing end of the second conveyer belt 2 and the top of car inner chamber lathe 7 of the 3rd conveyer belt 3, and the bottom of the second translation mechanism 4 is provided with the second clamping manipulator that can lifting; The second conveyer belt 2 comprises left conveyer belt 21 and right conveyer belt 22, described left conveyer belt 21 and the parallel contour setting of described right conveyer belt 22, and between described left conveyer belt 21 and described right conveyer belt 22, be provided with the vertical gap 23 of connecting axle subordinate; The conveying clearing end of the 3rd conveyer belt 3 is provided with finished product pile platform 8.
A kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, the connection axial region free end end face of universal joint spherical shell blank is carried out to car, milling processing, make to connect the free end end face of axial region smooth and have a locating blind hole, described locating blind hole is with to be connected axial region coaxial; By universal joint spherical shell blank clutch can portion down and connect axial region be vertically placed on upward on the first conveyer belt, by the below of described the first tape transport to the first clamping manipulator; Further with improvement, the connection axial region free end end face car of universal joint spherical shell blank, described locating blind hole is carried out in milling concentricity after machining detect, and detect qualified rear ability by universal joint spherical shell blank clutch can portion and connect axial region and be vertically placed on described the first conveyer belt down upward.
Step 2, described the first clamping manipulator move straight down and clamp the connection axial region of universal joint spherical shell blank, then described the first clamping manipulator rises and is moved horizontally to car profile lathe top, then described the first clamping manipulator moves straight down and universal joint spherical shell blank is placed on to the feeding mouth of car profile lathe, complete car, the milling processing of universal joint spherical shell blank shape by car profile lathe, make universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product; Further with improvement, car, the milling of car profile lathe to universal joint spherical shell blank shape adds body of tool and comprises: the connection axial region of processing universal joint spherical shell is also processed the lateral surface towards connection axial region one end of the clutch can portion of universal joint spherical shell.
Step 3, described the first clamping manipulator clamps the universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product at the discharging opening place of car profile lathe, then rise and be moved horizontally to the top of the second conveyer belt, described the second conveyer belt comprises left conveyer belt and right conveyer belt, the contour setting parallel with described right conveyer belt of described left conveyer belt, and between described left conveyer belt and described right conveyer belt, be provided with the vertical gap of connecting axle subordinate, then described the first clamping manipulator moves straight down and universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product axially parallel is placed horizontally on described the second conveyer belt in the vertical gap of described connecting axle subordinate, fall from the vertical backlash freedom of described connecting axle subordinate at the half-finished connection axial region of Action of Gravity Field lower cardan spherical shell, make the half-finished clutch can of universal joint spherical shell portion upward and axis be vertically placed on described the second conveyer belt.
Step 4, described the second conveyer belt are delivered to universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product the below of the second clamping manipulator, described the second clamping manipulator moves straight down and clamps the half-finished clutch can of universal joint spherical shell portion, then described the second clamping manipulator rises and is moved horizontally to car inner chamber lathe top, then described the second clamping manipulator moves straight down and universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product is placed on to the feeding mouth of car inner chamber lathe, complete car, the milling processing of universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product clutch can portion inner chamber by car inner chamber lathe, make universal joint spherical shell finished product; Further with improvement, car inner chamber lathe adds body of tool and comprises car, the milling of universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product clutch can portion inner chamber: the inner chamber of the clutch can portion of processing universal joint spherical shell is also processed free-ended lateral surface and the end face of the clutch can portion of universal joint spherical shell.
Step 5, described the second clamping manipulator clamp the universal joint spherical shell finished product at the discharging opening place of car inner chamber lathe, then rise and be moved horizontally to the top of the 3rd conveyer belt, described the second clamping manipulator moves straight down universal joint spherical shell finished product is positioned on described the 3rd conveyer belt, by described the 3rd conveyer belt, universal joint spherical shell finished product is delivered on finished product pile platform.
A kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method of the present invention, can programme, and is applicable to being applied in automatic numerical control machining center.
Above content is detailed description made for the present invention in conjunction with specific embodiments, can not assert that the concrete enforcement of the present invention only limits to these explanations; For those skilled in the art, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some simple deduction or replace, all should be considered as belonging to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (5)

1. a universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, the connection axial region free end end face of universal joint spherical shell blank is carried out to car, milling processing, make to connect the free end end face of axial region smooth and have a locating blind hole, described locating blind hole is with to be connected axial region coaxial; By universal joint spherical shell blank clutch can portion down and connect axial region be vertically placed on upward on the first conveyer belt, by the below of described the first tape transport to the first clamping manipulator;
Step 2, described the first clamping manipulator move straight down and clamp the connection axial region of universal joint spherical shell blank, then described the first clamping manipulator rises and is moved horizontally to car profile lathe top, then described the first clamping manipulator moves straight down and universal joint spherical shell blank is placed on to the feeding mouth of car profile lathe, complete car, the milling processing of universal joint spherical shell blank shape by car profile lathe, make universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product;
Step 3, described the first clamping manipulator clamps the universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product at the discharging opening place of car profile lathe, then rise and be moved horizontally to the top of the second conveyer belt, described the second conveyer belt comprises left conveyer belt and right conveyer belt, the contour setting parallel with described right conveyer belt of described left conveyer belt, and between described left conveyer belt and described right conveyer belt, be provided with the vertical gap of connecting axle subordinate, then described the first clamping manipulator moves straight down and universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product axially parallel is placed horizontally on described the second conveyer belt in the vertical gap of described connecting axle subordinate, fall from the vertical backlash freedom of described connecting axle subordinate at the half-finished connection axial region of Action of Gravity Field lower cardan spherical shell, make the half-finished clutch can of universal joint spherical shell portion upward and axis be vertically placed on described the second conveyer belt,
Step 4, described the second conveyer belt are delivered to universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product the below of the second clamping manipulator, described the second clamping manipulator moves straight down and clamps the half-finished clutch can of universal joint spherical shell portion, then described the second clamping manipulator rises and is moved horizontally to car inner chamber lathe top, then described the second clamping manipulator moves straight down and universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product is placed on to the feeding mouth of car inner chamber lathe, complete car, the milling processing of universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product clutch can portion inner chamber by car inner chamber lathe, make universal joint spherical shell finished product.
2. a kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise that step 5, described the second clamping manipulator clamp the universal joint spherical shell finished product at the discharging opening place of car inner chamber lathe, then rise and be moved horizontally to the top of the 3rd conveyer belt, described the second clamping manipulator moves straight down universal joint spherical shell finished product is positioned on described the 3rd conveyer belt, by described the 3rd conveyer belt, universal joint spherical shell finished product is delivered on finished product pile platform.
3. a kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step 1, the connection axial region free end end face car of universal joint spherical shell blank, described locating blind hole is carried out in milling concentricity after machining detect, and detect qualified rear ability by universal joint spherical shell blank clutch can portion and connect axial region and be vertically placed on described the first conveyer belt down upward.
4. a kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step 2, car, the milling of car profile lathe to universal joint spherical shell blank shape adds body of tool and comprises: the connection axial region of processing universal joint spherical shell is also processed the lateral surface towards connection axial region one end of the clutch can portion of universal joint spherical shell.
5. a kind of universal joint spherical shell turnning and milling fully automatic working method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step 4, car inner chamber lathe adds body of tool and comprises car, the milling of universal joint spherical shell semi-finished product clutch can portion inner chamber: the inner chamber of the clutch can portion of processing universal joint spherical shell is also processed free-ended lateral surface and the end face of the clutch can portion of universal joint spherical shell.
CN201510838032.3A 2015-11-26 2015-11-26 Full-automatic turning and milling machining method of universal ball shell CN105598636A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58142026A (en) * 1982-02-15 1983-08-23 Toyota Motor Corp Manufacture of outer wheel in unispeed universal joint
CN102000956A (en) * 2010-11-09 2011-04-06 许昌远东传动轴股份有限公司 Metal processing technique for universal joint fork of transmission shaft
CN102107345A (en) * 2009-12-29 2011-06-29 鞠小平 Processing method for universal-joint flange yoke of transmission shaft of heavy-duty car
CN103009064A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-04-03 浙江永强集团股份有限公司 Automatic pipe bending and perforating integrated machine
CN204584729U (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-08-26 佛山市艾乐博机器人科技有限公司 A kind of automation five metals machining production line
CN104942548A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-30 浙江畅尔智能装备股份有限公司 Automatic production technology and production line for tile covers
CN204771570U (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-11-18 五羊—本田摩托(广州)有限公司 Bent axle automation line

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58142026A (en) * 1982-02-15 1983-08-23 Toyota Motor Corp Manufacture of outer wheel in unispeed universal joint
CN102107345A (en) * 2009-12-29 2011-06-29 鞠小平 Processing method for universal-joint flange yoke of transmission shaft of heavy-duty car
CN102000956A (en) * 2010-11-09 2011-04-06 许昌远东传动轴股份有限公司 Metal processing technique for universal joint fork of transmission shaft
CN103009064A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-04-03 浙江永强集团股份有限公司 Automatic pipe bending and perforating integrated machine
CN204584729U (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-08-26 佛山市艾乐博机器人科技有限公司 A kind of automation five metals machining production line
CN204771570U (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-11-18 五羊—本田摩托(广州)有限公司 Bent axle automation line
CN104942548A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-30 浙江畅尔智能装备股份有限公司 Automatic production technology and production line for tile covers

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Application publication date: 20160525