CN105594365A - Accumulation preventing device for rice-wheat combine harvester with function of baling - Google Patents

Accumulation preventing device for rice-wheat combine harvester with function of baling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105594365A
CN105594365A CN201610123463.6A CN201610123463A CN105594365A CN 105594365 A CN105594365 A CN 105594365A CN 201610123463 A CN201610123463 A CN 201610123463A CN 105594365 A CN105594365 A CN 105594365A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shift fork
material channel
connecting rod
feeding
wheel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610123463.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李耀明
朱磊华
徐立章
唐忠
成铖
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu University
Original Assignee
Jiangsu University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu University filed Critical Jiangsu University
Priority to CN201610123463.6A priority Critical patent/CN105594365A/en
Publication of CN105594365A publication Critical patent/CN105594365A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D37/00Reaper-binders
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D41/00Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices
    • A01D41/02Self-propelled combines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D41/00Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices
    • A01D41/12Details of combines

Abstract

The invention provides an accumulation preventing device for a rice-wheat combine harvester with a function of baling. The accumulation preventing device comprises a driving shaft, a threshing cylinder straw outlet, a material passage, a straw shifting mechanism and a baling device. The material passage comprises a material passage bottom plate and two material passage side plates, a material passage inlet is connected with the threshing cylinder straw outlet, and a material passage outlet is connected with the baling device. The straw shifting mechanism is arranged in the upper portion of the material passage and comprises a crankshaft, a connecting rod, shifting forks and a rocker; one end of the crankshaft is connected with the driving shaft while the other end of the crankshaft is connected with one end of the connecting rod through a rotary pair; the other end of the connecting rod is connected with one end of the rocker through a rotary pair; the other end of the rocker is fixed onto a frame; the shifting forks are arranged on the connecting rod. The accumulation preventing device has the advantages that straws discharged from a threshing cylinder can be timely and smoothly conveyed into a compression mechanism, straw accumulation and blockage are avoided, and operational stability and reliability are guaranteed.

Description

A kind of anti-piling apparatus of rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural mechanical field, especially relate to a kind of anti-piling apparatus of rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one, canBe widely used in high-performance results and the stalk compression bundling moulding integration of operation of paddy rice and wheat.
Background technology
China's biomass resource is very abundant, and annual reproducible agricultural straw resource exceedes 6.4 hundred million tons, wherein 5.12 hundred million tonsCan be used as the energy uses. Existing united reaper mostly adopts the form of chopping and returning in the time of the cane of results paddy rice and wheat,Because stalk is not perishable in field, therefore peasant household is often burned, and causes air pollution. Under this form, from central authorities to groundFang Zhengfu has formulated a series of subsidy policy and has supported the recovery of stalk to fully utilize, at present towed the picking up of some local employingsBaler carries out bundling operation, but owing to being secondary operation, has increased peasant's expense. For this reason, the domestic rice wheat connection that occurredClose results bundling all-in-one, the stalk after threshing is separated directly compresses bundling, alleviates peasant's financial burden, is simultaneouslyPower plant provides fuel to alleviate the energy crisis of China. And in rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one, stalk is smooth and easy is transported to compressionIt in mechanism, is one of key technology.
Patent 201320205601.7 discloses a kind of channel design of combining binding machine, at united reaper and stalk bundlingBetween machine, be provided with stalk transfer passage; Patent 201020188511.8 discloses a kind of combined harvesting bander, in combiningBetween machine straw outlet and compression baler grass feeding port, be provided with forage transfer passage, in forage transfer passage, be provided with and arrange by force chaffcutterDevice; Patent 201420027689.2 discloses a kind of shifting fork structure for baler, specifically a kind of with safety boltSafety type shifting fork structure; The problem that above-mentioned patent exists mainly for stalk feeding compression binding apparatus is improved and is studied,Feeding and the bundling technology of rice wheat bundling machine are improved. But, above research reckon without may in results bundling processThe straw blockage and the accumulation situation that occur, cause gathering in the crops bundling process safety, reliability is lower.
Summary of the invention
The stalk of discharging for prior art semilate rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one threshing cylinder is logical at harvester grass outlet and materialThe accumulation of junction, road and blockage problem; The invention provides a kind of anti-piling apparatus of rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one, protectThe stalk that card threshing cylinder is discharged is transported in binding apparatus smoothly.
The present invention realizes above-mentioned technical purpose by following technological means.
An anti-piling apparatus for rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one, comprise driving shaft, threshing cylinder grass outlet, material channel,Bo Cao mechanism and binding apparatus; Described material channel comprises material channel base plate and two material channel side plates; Two material channelsSide plate is positioned at the both sides of material channel base plate; Described material channel entrance connects threshing cylinder grass outlet, and material channel outlet connectsBinding apparatus; Described material channel inner and upper is provided with Bo Cao mechanism; Described Bo Cao mechanism comprises crank, connecting rod, shift fork and shakesBar; One end of described crank connects driving shaft, and the other end connects one end of connecting rod by revolute pair; The other end of described connecting rod is logicalCross one end that revolute pair connects rocking bar; The other end of described rocking bar is fixed in frame; Described connecting rod is provided with multiple shift forks.
Further, multiple shift forks are evenly arranged along connecting rod direction; Described shift fork comprises main shift fork and secondary shift fork; Described main shift forkBe vertically shaft-like, described secondary shift fork is knee shape; Described secondary shift fork is fixed on main shift fork lower semisection anterior position place, and opening toUnder.
Further, described main shift fork and secondary shift fork vertically section be upper end diameter and reduce gradually to lower end diameter.
Further, vertical section of described main shift fork and secondary shift fork is parallel to each other, and distance is between the two 50~80mm.
Further, between described threshing cylinder grass outlet and material channel, be also provided with feeding-wheel; Described feeding-wheel comprise roller andFeeding-wheel power transmission shaft; Described roller housing is in feeding-wheel power transmission shaft outside; Described feeding-wheel power transmission shaft connects by chain transmission and driving shaftConnect.
Further, the diameter of described feeding-wheel is 150mm, and rotating speed is 200r/min.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The anti-piling apparatus of a kind of rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one of the present invention, by threshing cylinder grass outlet and beatingThe material channel inside of in bundling between putting arranges Bo Cao mechanism, and the shift fork of Bo Cao mechanism does back and forth by the motion of toggleMotion; In addition, between threshing cylinder grass outlet and material channel, feeding-wheel is set, feeding-wheel and Bo Cao mechanism pass through driving shaftRotation realize interlock, and then impel threshing cylinder discharge stalk be transported to smoothly in compressing mechanism in time, avoid occurring strawStalk is piled up and clogging, ensures stability and the reliability of complete machine operation.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the anti-piling apparatus of rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of feeding-wheel.
Fig. 3 is A place enlarged drawing in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of Bo Cao mechanism.
Fig. 5 is the top view of Bo Cao mechanism.
Description of reference numerals is as follows:
1-driving shaft, 2-threshing cylinder grass outlet, 3-material channel, 4-Bo Cao mechanism, 5-binding apparatus, 6-frame, 7-feedingWheel, 301-material channel base plate, 302-material channel side plate, 401-crank, 402-connecting rod, 403-shift fork, 404-rocking bar, 405-Main shift fork, the secondary shift fork of 406-, 701-roller, 702-feeding-wheel power transmission shaft.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited toThis.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of anti-piling apparatus of rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one, comprises that driving shaft 1, threshing cylinder go outGrass mouth 2, material channel 3, Bo Cao mechanism 4, binding apparatus 5 and feeding-wheel 7; At the bottom of described material channel 3 comprises material channelPlate 301 and two material channel side plates 302; Two material channel side plates 302 are positioned at the both sides of material channel base plate 301; InstituteState material channel 3 entrances and connect threshing cylinder grass outlet 2, material channel 3 outlets connect binding apparatus 5.
As shown in Figure 2, between threshing cylinder grass outlet 2 and material channel 3, be also provided with feeding-wheel 7; Feeding-wheel 7 comprises roller701 and feeding-wheel power transmission shaft 702; Roller 701 is enclosed within feeding-wheel power transmission shaft 702 outsides; Described feeding-wheel power transmission shaft 702 passes throughChain transmission is connected with driving shaft 1; The diameter of feeding-wheel 7 is 150mm, and rotating speed is 200r/min. Feeding-wheel 7 can be by harvestingThe stalk that machine threshing cylinder grass outlet 2 is discharged pushes a segment distance to material channel 3. Avoid stalk to go out at harvester threshing drumThere are packing phenomenons with material channel 3 junctions in grass mouth 2.
As shown in Figure 3, described material channel 3 inner and upper are provided with Bo Cao mechanism 4; Described Bo Cao mechanism 4 comprise crank 401,Connecting rod 402, shift fork 403 and rocking bar 404; One end of described crank 401 connects driving shaft 1, and the other end connects by revolute pairOne end of connecting rod 402; The other end of described connecting rod 402 connects one end of rocking bar 404 by revolute pair; Described rocking bar 404The other end is fixed in frame 6; Described connecting rod 402 is provided with multiple shift forks 403; Crank 401, connecting rod 402, rocking bar 404Form toggle; Bo Cao mechanism 4 moves reciprocatingly by the rotation of driving shaft 1.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5,4 shift forks 403 are uniformly distributed along connecting rod 402 directions; Described shift fork 403 comprises main shift fork405 and secondary shift fork 406; Described main shift fork 405 is vertically shaft-like, and described secondary shift fork 406 is knee shape; Described secondary shift fork 406Be fixed on main shift fork 405 lower semisection anterior position places, and Open Side Down; Vertically section is equal with secondary shift fork 406 for described main shift fork 405For upper end diameter reduces gradually to lower end diameter; Vertical section of main shift fork 405 and secondary shift fork 406 is parallel to each other, between the twoDistance is 50~80mm.
The course of work:
In the time that rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one is worked in field, stalk is discharged from harvester threshing drum grass outlet 2, feedingWheel 7 and Bo Cao mechanism 4 are rotated and are realized interlock by driving shaft 1, feeding-wheel 7 by stalk to one section of distance of the interior propelling movement of material channel 3From, main shift fork 405 pushes to the most of stalk in material channel 3 grass feeding port of binding apparatus 5, and secondary shift fork 406 is by thingThe stalk that pile up material passway pushes to the grass feeding port of binding apparatus 5; Interlock by feeding-wheel 7 and Bo Cao mechanism 4 can makeStalk is transported in binding apparatus 5 in time smoothly, avoids occurring stalk accumulation and clogging, thereby realizes harvesting, threshing,Feeding, the working continuously of bundling.
Described embodiment is preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, is not deviating from thisIn the situation of essence of an invention content, any apparent improvement, replacement or modification that those skilled in the art can make are equalBelong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. an anti-piling apparatus for rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one, is characterized in that, comprises driving shaft (1), threshing rollCylinder grass outlet (2), material channel (3), Bo Cao mechanism (4) and binding apparatus (5); Described material channel (3) comprises thingMaterial channel base plate (301) and two material channel side plates (302); At the bottom of two material channel side plates (302) are positioned at material channelThe both sides of plate (301); Described material channel (3) entrance connects threshing cylinder grass outlet (2), and material channel (3) outlet connectsConnect binding apparatus (5); Described material channel (3) inner and upper is provided with Bo Cao mechanism (4); Described Bo Cao mechanism (4) comprisesCrank (401), connecting rod (402), shift fork (403) and rocking bar (404); One end of described crank (401) connects driving shaft(1), the other end connects one end of connecting rod (402) by revolute pair; The other end of described connecting rod (402) connects by revolute pairConnect one end of rocking bar (404); The other end of described rocking bar (404) is fixed in frame (6); On described connecting rod (402)Be provided with multiple shift forks (403).
2. the anti-piling apparatus of a kind of rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one according to claim 1, is characterized in that, manyIndividual shift fork (403) is evenly arranged along connecting rod (402) direction; Described shift fork (403) comprises main shift fork (405) and secondary shift fork(406); Described main shift fork (405) is vertically shaft-like, and described secondary shift fork (406) is knee shape; Described secondary shift fork (406)Be fixed on main shift fork (405) lower semisection anterior position place, and Open Side Down.
3. the anti-piling apparatus of a kind of rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one according to claim 2, is characterized in that instituteState main shift fork (405) and secondary shift fork (406) vertically section be upper end diameter and reduce gradually to lower end diameter.
4. the anti-piling apparatus of a kind of rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one according to claim 2, is characterized in that instituteVertical section that states main shift fork (405) and secondary shift fork (406) is parallel to each other, and distance is between the two 50~80mm.
5. according to the claim 1-4 anti-piling apparatus of described a kind of rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one arbitrarily, its feature existsIn, between described threshing cylinder grass outlet (2) and material channel (3), be also provided with feeding-wheel (7); Described feeding-wheel (7) bagDraw together roller (701) and feeding-wheel power transmission shaft (702); Described roller (701) is enclosed within feeding-wheel power transmission shaft (702) outside; InstituteStating feeding-wheel power transmission shaft (702) is connected with driving shaft (1) by chain transmission.
6. the anti-piling apparatus of a kind of rice wheat combined harvest bundling all-in-one according to claim 5, is characterized in that instituteThe diameter of stating feeding-wheel (7) is 150mm, and rotating speed is 200r/min.
CN201610123463.6A 2016-03-03 2016-03-03 Accumulation preventing device for rice-wheat combine harvester with function of baling Pending CN105594365A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201610123463.6A CN105594365A (en) 2016-03-03 2016-03-03 Accumulation preventing device for rice-wheat combine harvester with function of baling

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610123463.6A CN105594365A (en) 2016-03-03 2016-03-03 Accumulation preventing device for rice-wheat combine harvester with function of baling

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105940835A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-09-21 青岛农业大学 Scallion transplanter
CN107517662A (en) * 2016-06-21 2017-12-29 张国利 The reversible stalk of peanut kernel stripper throws mechanism
CN112449883A (en) * 2019-09-06 2021-03-09 凯斯纽荷兰(中国)管理有限公司 Agricultural baler and grass poking fork assembly thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110005410A1 (en) * 2009-07-10 2011-01-13 Maschinenfabrik Bernard Krone Gmbh Baling Press for Large Bales
CN103053257A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-04-24 江苏大学 Double-crank five-rod raking mechanism
CN203896746U (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-10-29 江苏大学 Feeding type combined harvesting bundler
CN105191565A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-30 江苏大学 Self-walking wheel type picking and bundling device
CN205567107U (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-09-14 江苏大学 What bundle all -in -one was made to rice and wheat combining prevents piling up device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110005410A1 (en) * 2009-07-10 2011-01-13 Maschinenfabrik Bernard Krone Gmbh Baling Press for Large Bales
CN103053257A (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-04-24 江苏大学 Double-crank five-rod raking mechanism
CN203896746U (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-10-29 江苏大学 Feeding type combined harvesting bundler
CN105191565A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-30 江苏大学 Self-walking wheel type picking and bundling device
CN205567107U (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-09-14 江苏大学 What bundle all -in -one was made to rice and wheat combining prevents piling up device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105940835A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-09-21 青岛农业大学 Scallion transplanter
CN105940835B (en) * 2016-06-01 2017-09-12 青岛农业大学 A kind of Scallion Transplanter
CN107517662A (en) * 2016-06-21 2017-12-29 张国利 The reversible stalk of peanut kernel stripper throws mechanism
CN112449883A (en) * 2019-09-06 2021-03-09 凯斯纽荷兰(中国)管理有限公司 Agricultural baler and grass poking fork assembly thereof

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Application publication date: 20160525