CN105588551B - Determine the 360 ° of rotating prisms and its application method of building perpendicularity - Google Patents

Determine the 360 ° of rotating prisms and its application method of building perpendicularity Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105588551B
CN105588551B CN201610156046.1A CN201610156046A CN105588551B CN 105588551 B CN105588551 B CN 105588551B CN 201610156046 A CN201610156046 A CN 201610156046A CN 105588551 B CN105588551 B CN 105588551B
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China
Prior art keywords
reflecting prism
prism
horizontal
elevating lever
perpendicularity
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CN201610156046.1A
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CN105588551A (en
Inventor
杜春来
吴丹丹
李建功
杨秉钧
路强
郭佳
王牮
李长晓
徐德林
杨希
朱文键
谢群
周昊
蒙德
陈林
李加军
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BEIJING JIANGONG GROUP Co Ltd
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BEIJING JIANGONG GROUP Co Ltd
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Publication of CN105588551A publication Critical patent/CN105588551A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00
    • G01C15/002Active optical surveying means

Abstract

A kind of 360 ° of rotating prisms and its application method for determining building perpendicularity, high-rise or high-rise building perpendicularity is observed for zenith method, including three-legged support, counterweight, elevating lever, L-shaped elbow and reflecting prism, level meter is set on reflecting prism and ensures its levelness, the vertical height of reflecting prism is adjusted during use by adjusting the height of elevating lever, by out reach of the length adjustment reflecting prism apart from tripod center for adjusting L-shaped bend horizontal section, by rotating L-shaped elbow, reflecting prism is driven to rotate in the horizontal plane.Product of the present invention coordinates the instruments such as total powerstation to use, the position adjustments flexibility of reflecting prism is high, broad covered area, needed when effectively prevent measurement building body perpendicularity at any time movable support body, while greatly increase workload because frequent changing position causes underlying parameter to cause to measure the problem of precision reduces, make that building body squareness measurement is more convenient, measurement result is more fine accurate.

Description

Determine the 360 ° of rotating prisms and its application method of building perpendicularity
Technical field
It is more particularly to a kind of to be used to determine building the present invention relates to high-rise or high-rise building squareness measurement technical field The 360 ° of rotating prisms and its application method of thing perpendicularity.
Background technology
Traditional measurement instrument, the operating process techniques such as the long range tape measure that body squareness measurement in building is equipped with modern architecture are answered Miscellaneous, the amount of labour is big, and measurement data is inaccurate.The prism that total powerstation is used cooperatively is referred to as reflecting prism, also referred to as reflector plate, as Reverberation carries out ranging.During ranging, reflecting prism receives the optical signal that total powerstation is sent, and is reflected back towards.It is former based on this Reason, total powerstation sends optical signal, and receives the optical signal reflected from reflecting prism, calculates phase shift of optical signal etc., from And the time that light passes through is tried to achieve indirectly, total powerstation is finally measured to the distance of reflecting prism.
In the measure in building perpendicularity, matching used prism need it is firm install, can flexible Multidirectional-moving, and Existing prism is mostly that fixed form or the fixing axle being only capable of among framework are rotated, and position is unable to flexible modulation, even if surveying Positioning, which puts slightly to change, needs the overall whole backing positions of change, is installed adjustment again, operation element amount is big, increases Add while workload because frequent changing position causes underlying parameter to cause to measure precision reduction.Therefore, it is badly in need of one at present Supporting prism device of the kind suitable for high-rise or super high rise building perpendicularity measure.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of 360 ° of rotating prisms and its application method for building perpendicularity, solves using existing When prism device measures building body perpendicularity, need at any time movable support body, while greatly increase workload due to frequently changing position Put and cause underlying parameter frequently to change, cause to measure the problem of precision reduces, the measurement of building perpendicularity is more facilitated, Measurement result is more fine accurate.
To realize above-mentioned technical purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of 360 ° of rotating prisms for determining building perpendicularity, it is characterised in that include such as lower member from bottom to top:
Three-legged support:It is placed on the ground of test position, pedestal and branch as the supporting support body of bottom, including top Support the supporting leg in base bottom;
Counterweight:For discoid balancing weight, the bottom of pedestal is fixed on, for consolidating A-frame;
Elevating lever:It is vertically provided on the pedestal of three-legged support, including the body of rod and lifting control, and the lifting control is set In in pedestal, the side wall of pedestal is provided with the lifting rocking bar of control body of rod oscilaltion;
L-shaped elbow:For horizontal L-shaped hollow pipe fitting, including vertical section and horizontal segment, the wherein bottom of vertical section and lifting The top of bar is flexibly connected, and L-shaped elbow is stood around 360 ° of rotations of elevating lever and stopping at any time in the horizontal plane under external force;
Expansion link:For length-adjustable horizontal bars, one end is connected to the end of the horizontal segment of L-shaped elbow, and the other end is solid Surely reflecting prism is connected, for adjusting the out reach of reflecting prism;
Reflecting prism:Horizontal fixed frame including prism and fixed prism, the prism are fixed on horizontal fixed frame Interior, down, the back side sets spirit level to the minute surface of the prism.
As preferable technical scheme, the bottom of the elevating lever carries the collar, the supporting leg of the collar and three-legged support Between be connected to waling stripe.
Preferably, the expansion link includes inner sleeve, outer tube and both fixed fasteners, and the fastener is outside Withstood on after the side wall of sleeve pipe on inner sleeve, inner sleeve and overcoat are realized by the fixation of fastener after the completion of length of telescopic bar regulation The fixation of pipe.
Preferably, screwed connection is all passed through between the L-shaped elbow and elevating lever, expansion link;The branch of the A-frame Leg is connected with pedestal by rotating shaft, and waling stripe carries out rotating shaft with the collar of elevating lever bottom and connected, for ensureing A-frame Stability.
Preferably, the spirit level is columned air-bubble level, and its axis is vertical with the axis of the horizontal rotating shaft, It is adhesively fixed with prism.
Preferably, the vertical section and the connected mode of elevating lever are threaded connection or snap ring connection.
Preferably, horizontal rotating shaft is provided with the horizontal fixed frame, the reflecting prism is fixed on horizontal rotating shaft, institute Stating reflecting prism can stand in vertical plane around 360 ° of rotations of horizontal rotating shaft and stopping at any time under external force.
Preferably, the three-legged support, elevating lever and L-shaped elbow are aluminium alloy element.
Moreover, it relates to the above-mentioned application method for being used to determine 360 ° of rotating prisms of building perpendicularity, its It is characterised by, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: component assembles:Three-legged support, elevating lever, L-shaped elbow and reflecting prism are sequentially connected and assembled, Form overall elevation and transmit prism instrument;
Step 2: erect instrument:Three-legged support is set up, adjusts the supporting leg of three-legged support, it is ensured that its stabilization is set up in survey Try on ground;
Step 3: the vertical height of regulation reflecting prism:The height of elevating lever is adjusted, until the vertical height of reflecting prism Meet to require;
Step 4: out reach of the regulation reflecting prism apart from tripod center:The length of adjustable telescopic rod, regulation reflection The out reach of prism meets to require;
Step 5: regulation reflecting prism locating in the horizontal plane:L-shaped elbow is rotated under external force, around liter Drop bar rotation adjustment reflecting prism locating in the horizontal plane, until reaching requirement;
Step 6: the vertical in reflecting prism sets up total powerstation:Total powerstation is set up in the vertical of reflecting prism, The center of adjustment prism overlaps with total powerstation collimation axis crosshair;
Step 7: determine the central point of reflecting prism to the central point of total powerstation instrument;Horizontal direction rotates total powerstation 360 ° make center superposition of its any direction all with reflecting prism, otherwise need to adjust reflecting prism;
Step 8: carry out squareness measurement:Total powerstation is opened, carries out vertical range measurement.
Compared with prior art, the technical advantages of the present invention are that:
1st, the position of reflecting prism can flexible modulation as needed, by adjusting by the sleeve pipe horizontal length of expansion link Regulation adjusts horizontal range of the reflecting prism apart from tripod center, by lifting the left rotation and right rotation of rocking bar, to reach elevating lever Oscilaltion, rotated by rotating L-shaped elbow around the axis of vertical section, drive reflecting prism turn in the horizontal plane It is dynamic, broad covered area, needed when effectively prevent measurement building body perpendicularity at any time movable support body, while greatly increase workload by Underlying parameter is caused to cause to measure the problem of precision reduces in frequent changing position, building body squareness measurement is more facilitated, Measurement result is more fine accurate;
2nd, product of the present invention coordinates the instruments such as total powerstation to use, and simple in construction, easy to make, tripod and prism can be selected Finished product, convenient material drawing, other components can use leftover pieces to make by oneself, low manufacture cost;
Product of the present invention instead of with the not high survey tool of the precision such as tape measure in conventional outmoded pattern, using optics as biography The perpendicularity of measurement building body is passed, coordinates the optical instrument such as total powerstation to use, there is provided a kind of measurement result is more accurate, using more Add easily prism product and supporting application method, be especially suited for use zenith method and observe high-rise or high-rise building hang down Straight degree.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the entirety three-dimensional structural representation of the present invention for being used to determine 360 ° of rotating prisms of building perpendicularity Figure;
Fig. 2 is the top view that Fig. 1 is;
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of A-A sections in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the dimensional structure diagram of reflecting prism 1 of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is Fig. 4 top view;
Fig. 6 is the cross-sectional view of B-B sections in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the dimensional structure diagram of L-shaped elbow of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is Fig. 7 top view;
Fig. 9 is the cross-sectional view of C-C sections in Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the connection dimensional structure diagram of L-shaped elbow and expansion link;
Figure 11 is Figure 10 top view;
Figure 12 is the cross-sectional view of D-D sections in Figure 11.
Reference:1- reflecting prisms, 11- prisms, the horizontal fixed frames of 12-, 13- horizontal rotating shafts, 2- level(l)ing bubbles, 3- L-shaped elbow, 31- vertical sections, 32- horizontal segments, 4- three-legged supports, 41- pedestals, 42- supporting legs, 43- waling stripes, 5- liftings are shaken Bar, 6- elevating levers, 7- expansion links, 71- outer tubes, 72- inner sleeves, 73- fasteners, 8- counterweights, the 9- collars.
Embodiment
The principle and feature of the present invention are described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, and It is non-to be used to limit the scope of the present invention.
Such as Fig. 1~3, a kind of 360 ° of rotating prisms for determining building perpendicularity, it is characterised in that include from bottom to top such as Lower member:
Three-legged support 4:It is placed on the ground of test position, the pedestal 41 as the supporting support body of bottom, including top With the supporting leg 42 for being supported on the bottom of pedestal 41, the supporting leg includes middle vertical rod supporting leg and three inclination supporting legs of surrounding, institute State and waling stripe has been also respectively connected between vertical rod supporting leg and three inclination supporting legs, the supporting leg and pedestal of A-frame 4 are by turning The collar 9 of axis connection, waling stripe and the bottom of elevating lever 6 carries out rotating shaft and connected, for ensureing the stability of A-frame;
Counterweight 5:For discoid balancing weight, the bottom of pedestal 41 is fixed on, for consolidating A-frame;
Elevating lever 6:It is vertically provided on the pedestal of three-legged support 4, including the body of rod and lifting control, the lifting control In pedestal 41, the side wall of pedestal 41 is provided with the lifting rocking bar 5 of control body of rod oscilaltion;The bottom of the elevating lever 6 With the collar 9, waling stripe 43 is connected between the supporting leg 42 of the collar 9 and three-legged support 4;
L-shaped elbow 3:As shown in figs. 7-9, it is horizontal L-shaped hollow pipe fitting, including vertical section 31 and horizontal segment 32, wherein The bottom of vertical section 31 is flexibly connected with the top of elevating lever 6, is threaded connection or snap ring connection;L-shaped elbow 3 is used in outer masterpiece Under can carry out 360 ° of rotations around elevating lever 6 in the horizontal plane, and can stop standing at any time;The L-shaped elbow 3 and expansion link 7 Between pass through screwed connection;
Expansion link 7:It is length-adjustable horizontal bars, one end is connected to the horizontal segment of L-shaped elbow as shown in Figure 10~12 32 end, the other end are fixedly connected with reflecting prism 1, for adjusting the out reach of reflecting prism 1;Expansion link 7 includes inner sleeve Pipe 72, outer tube 71 and both fixed fasteners 73, the fastener 73 withstand on inner sleeve after passing through the side wall of outer tube 71 On 72, the fixation of inner sleeve 72 and outer tube 71 is realized after the completion of the length adjustment of expansion link 7 by the fixation of fastener 73;
Reflecting prism 1:As shown in figures 4-6, including the horizontal fixed frame 12 of prism 11 and fixed prism 11, the rib Mirror 11 is fixed in horizontal fixed frame 12, and down, the back side sets spirit level 2 to the minute surface of the prism 11, and spirit level 2 is cylindric Air-bubble level, its axis is vertical with the axis of the horizontal rotating shaft, is adhesively fixed with prism 1.Wherein, it is described horizontal fixed Horizontal rotating shaft 13 is provided with framework 12, the reflecting prism 1 is fixed on horizontal rotating shaft 13, and the reflecting prism 1 is in outer masterpiece It can stop around 360 ° of rotations of horizontal rotating shaft and at any time standing in vertical plane under.
On materials application, finished product, convenient material drawing can be selected in three-legged support 4 and reflecting prism 1, and other components can use side Corner material is made by oneself, and preferably described three-legged support 4, elevating lever 6, expansion link 7, counterweight 5 and L-shaped elbow 3 make of aluminum alloy materials, is risen Drop rocking bar 5 is plastic rubber product.
The above-mentioned application method for being used to determine 360 ° of rotating prisms of building perpendicularity, comprises the following steps:
Step 1: component assembles:Three-legged support 4, elevating lever 6, L-shaped elbow 3 and reflecting prism 1 are sequentially connected and carry out group Dress, form overall elevation and transmit prism instrument;
Step 2: erect instrument:Three-legged support 4 is set up, adjusts the supporting leg of three-legged support 4, it is ensured that its stabilization is set up in Test on ground;
Step 3: the vertical height of regulation reflecting prism 1:The height of elevating lever 6 is adjusted, until reflecting prism 1 is vertical Highly meet to require;
Step 4: out reach of the regulation reflecting prism 1 apart from tripod center:The length of adjustable telescopic rod 7, regulation are anti- The out reach for penetrating prism 1 meets to require;
Step 5: regulation reflecting prism 1 locating in the horizontal plane:L-shaped elbow 3 is rotated under external force, around The rotation adjustment reflecting prism 1 of elevating lever 6 locating in the horizontal plane, until reaching requirement;
Step 6: the vertical in reflecting prism 1 sets up total powerstation:Total powerstation is set up in reflecting prism vertical, Adjustment reflecting prism center overlaps with total powerstation collimation axis crosshair;
Step 7: determine the central point for the total powerstation instrument 11 that the central point 1 of reflecting prism 1 arrives;Horizontal direction rotation is complete 360 ° of instrument of standing makes center superposition of its any direction all with prism 11, otherwise needs to adjust reflecting prism 1;
Step 8: carry out squareness measurement:The perpendicularity of prism 11 is determined, down, the back side sets level to the minute surface of prism 11 Instrument 2, the perpendicularity of reflecting prism 1 is determined by spirit level 2, open total powerstation, carry out vertical range measurement.
In use, the left rotation and right rotation by lifting rocking bar 5, reaches the oscilaltion of elevating lever 6, reflecting prism 1 is determined Vertical height, the extension elongation of the horizontal length adjustment reflecting prism 1 of sleeve pipe by adjusting expansion link 7, make the minute surface of prism 11 Center is directed at bottom hole center, by the horizontal rotating shaft in framework 8, adjusts reflecting prism 1, makes prism 11 vertically downward.
The present invention coordinates the instruments such as total powerstation using test, using the adjustable tripod formula for high-precision measuring perpendicularity Elevation transmits prism measurement, after erecting shaping, coordinates the instruments such as total powerstation to use, and its determination data is more accurate, simple operation, Save labour.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of 360 ° of rotating prisms for determining building perpendicularity, it is characterised in that include such as lower member from bottom to top:
Three-legged support(4):It is placed on the ground of test position, as the supporting support body of bottom, includes the pedestal at top(41) With the supporting leg for being supported on base bottom(42);
Counterweight(5):For discoid balancing weight, pedestal is fixed on(41)Bottom, for consolidating A-frame;
Elevating lever(6):It is vertically provided at three-legged support(4)Pedestal on, including the body of rod and lifting control, the lifting control Located at pedestal(41)It is interior, the pedestal(41)Side wall be provided with control body of rod oscilaltion lifting rocking bar(5);
L-shaped elbow(3):For horizontal L-shaped hollow pipe fitting, including vertical section(31)And horizontal segment(32), wherein vertical section(31) Bottom and elevating lever(6)Top be flexibly connected, L-shaped elbow(3)Under external force in the horizontal plane around elevating lever(6) 360 ° rotate and stop standing at any time;
Expansion link(7):For length-adjustable horizontal bars, one end is connected to the horizontal segment of L-shaped elbow(32)End, the other end It is fixedly connected with reflecting prism(1), for adjusting reflecting prism(1)Out reach;
Reflecting prism(1):Including prism(11)And fixed prism(11)Horizontal fixed frame(12), the prism(11)It is fixed In horizontal fixed frame(12)It is interior, the prism(11)Minute surface down, the back side sets spirit level(2);
The elevating lever(6)Bottom carry the collar(9), the collar(9)With three-legged support(4)Supporting leg(42)Between respectively It is connected with waling stripe(43);
The expansion link(7)Including inner sleeve(72), outer tube(71)With both fixed fasteners(73), the fastener (73)Through outer tube(71)Side wall after withstand on inner sleeve(72)On, expansion link(7)Pass through fastener after the completion of length adjustment (73)Fixation realize inner sleeve(72)And outer tube(71)Fixation.
A kind of 2. 360 ° of rotating prisms for determining building perpendicularity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The L Shape elbow(3)With expansion link(7)Between pass through screwed connection.
A kind of 3. 360 ° of rotating prisms for determining building perpendicularity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described three Angle support(4)Supporting leg and pedestal(41)Connected by rotating shaft.
A kind of 4. 360 ° of rotating prisms for determining building perpendicularity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The water Quasi- instrument(2)For columned air-bubble level, its axis and the reflecting prism(1)Axis overlap, with reflecting prism(1)'s Upper surface is adhesively fixed.
A kind of 5. 360 ° of rotating prisms for determining building perpendicularity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The L Shape elbow(3)With elevating lever(6)Connected mode be threaded connection or snap ring connection.
A kind of 6. 360 ° of rotating prisms for determining building perpendicularity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The water Flat fixed frame(12)It is interior to be provided with horizontal rotating shaft(13), the reflecting prism(1)It is fixed on horizontal rotating shaft(13)On, the reflection Prism(1)Under external force can be in vertical plane around horizontal rotating shaft(13)360 ° rotate and stop standing at any time.
A kind of 7. 360 ° of rotating prisms for determining building perpendicularity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described three Foot support(4), elevating lever(6)With L-shaped elbow(3)It is aluminium alloy element.
A kind of 8. use of 360 ° of rotating prisms of measure building perpendicularity according to claim 1~7 any one Method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step 1: component assembles:By three-legged support(4), elevating lever(6), L-shaped elbow(3)And reflecting prism(1)Be sequentially connected into Row assembling, form overall elevation and transmit prism instrument;
Step 2: erect instrument:Set up three-legged support(4), adjust three-legged support(4)Supporting leg(42), it is ensured that its stable frame On test ground;
Step 3: regulation reflecting prism(1)Vertical height:Adjust elevating lever(6)Height, until reflecting prism(1)It is perpendicular Meet to require to height;
Step 4: regulation reflecting prism(1)Out reach apart from tripod center:Adjustable telescopic rod(7)Length, regulation is anti- Penetrate prism(1)Out reach meet require;
Step 5: regulation reflecting prism(1)Locating in the horizontal plane:L-shaped elbow is rotated under external force(3), around Elevating lever(6)Rotation adjustment reflecting prism(1)Locating in the horizontal plane, until reaching requirement;
Step 6: in reflecting prism(1)Vertical set up total powerstation:In reflecting prism(1)Vertical set up whole station Instrument, adjust prism(11)Center overlapped with total powerstation collimation axis crosshair;
Step 7: determine reflecting prism(1)Central point to total powerstation instrument central point;Horizontal direction rotates 360 ° of total powerstation Make its any direction all with reflecting prism(1)Center superposition, otherwise need adjust reflecting prism(1);
Step 8: carry out squareness measurement:Total powerstation is opened, carries out vertical range measurement.
CN201610156046.1A 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Determine the 360 ° of rotating prisms and its application method of building perpendicularity Active CN105588551B (en)

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CN106638535B (en) * 2016-10-15 2018-07-03 江苏南京地质工程勘察院 Foundation pit construction local supervising and measuring equipment and monitoring method
CN112050794A (en) * 2018-11-20 2020-12-08 周家炜 360 monitoring prism of accurate regulation

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CN2084190U (en) * 1990-12-17 1991-09-04 李信智 Superelevation plumbing device for measuring distance
JP4971344B2 (en) * 2005-10-26 2012-07-11 トリンブル イエナ ゲゼルシャフト ミット ベシュレンクテル ハフツング Surveying method and surveying device
CN100585343C (en) * 2006-01-25 2010-01-27 刘海英 Over-limit measuring instrument and method of railway transportation equipment
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CN103335640B (en) * 2013-06-18 2015-09-09 中国电子科技集团公司第二十六研究所 A kind of automatic leveling and gyrocompassing see collimation device
CN205580457U (en) * 2016-03-18 2016-09-14 北京建工集团有限责任公司 Hang down straightness's 360 rotating prism of survey building

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