CN105585053A - Sea water desalting equipment with upward water flowing function - Google Patents

Sea water desalting equipment with upward water flowing function Download PDF

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CN105585053A
CN105585053A CN201410790664.2A CN201410790664A CN105585053A CN 105585053 A CN105585053 A CN 105585053A CN 201410790664 A CN201410790664 A CN 201410790664A CN 105585053 A CN105585053 A CN 105585053A
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water
reaches
pipeline
energy
function
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冯益安
李焕京
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Qingdao Muli New Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Qingdao Muli New Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses sea water desalting equipment with the upward water flowing function, and relates to a method of utilizing some equipment with the upward water flowing function under the condition that no conventional energy is consumed. Based on the concentration difference generated between enclosure nets or the concentration difference generated in a water flow rising path, sea water is filtered layer by layer in the rising process, and thus the sea water desalting process is completed. The equipment comprises an immersed body (1), a pipeline shell supporting body (2), inter-pipeline capillary channels (3) and a pipeline water outlet body (4), wherein the inter-pipeline capillary channels (3) are made of a hydrophilic molecule material forming hydrogen bonds easily together with H2O, and the pipeline water outlet body (4) is located on the upper middle portion or the upper portion of the system. According to the equipment, the potential energy of water can be increased under the condition that no conventional energy is consumed, the upward water flowing function can be achieved, and sea water desalting can be achieved at the same time.

Description

One has the sea water desalting equipment of " water is to upper reaches " function
Technical field:
Relate to one and have the sea water desalting equipment of " water is to upper reaches " function.
Background technology:
Have material recycle and energy circulation process at earth's lithosphere, material recycle process comprises carbon cycle and water circulation, and carbon cycle process comprises the circulation between organic carbon and DIC,
The process of carbon cycle is such: 1) airborne carbon dioxide becomes organic carbon by photosynthesis of plant, 2) organic carbon is that organic matter is breathed and again become carbon dioxide by burning or animals and plants. 3) organic matter is changed and is buried to the underground energy of becoming fossilized by geology. 4) fossil energy becomes carbon dioxide again through burning. 5) underground buck or ocean buck absorbing carbon dioxide become carbonate precipitation (as calcium carbonate). 6) carbonate becomes carbon dioxide and alkaline dust (lime, cement etc.) again through high-temperature calcination or geology volcano eruption.
The process of water circulation is such: 1) by photosynthesis, water becomes organic composition, 2) organic compound combustion or animals and plants breathe and become carbon dioxide and water. 3) earth's surface or ocean evaporation become steam or moisture gas at atmosphere. 4) atmosphere saturated steam is met condensation knot precipitation or snowfall. 5) rainwash enters ocean. 6) mankind carry out desalinization activity and draw fresh water from ocean.
The process of desalinization has two kinds of modes conventionally: 1) under certain atmospheric pressure environments condition, realize desalinization by evaporation and condensation, and its process need heat energy, cost is generally higher. 2) carry out counter-infiltration by permeable membrane, realize desalinization by multistage counter-infiltration.
Plant in ocean or animal, live among the seawater with certain salt content, but the salt content in marine animal and plant body is far smaller than seawater around, illustrates that the skin of animal or the epidermal cell of plant have the ability of certain filtered brine, or is called " desalinization " ability.
The reverse osmosis membrane desalinization pattern adopting at present, the epidermal cell of actual similar plants, has certain hydrophile function and the salt discharge function of a little, such as the reverse osmosis membrane that utilizes cellulose acetate to make, wherein cellulose is hydrophilic, and cellulose acetate is also hydrophilic. In desalting process, adopt multistage counter-infiltration pattern, seawater is filled into the fresh water that salt content is certain step by step.
Process of osmosis refers under same pressure, and the less solution of salt content is to the higher solution infiltration of salt content, and both sides reach the pressure differential that dynamic equilibrium produces and are called osmotic pressure. Reverse osmotic pressure refers to the reverse flow that realizes moisture in the larger side pressurization (or raising liquid level) of salt content, and reverse osmosis process is by through being commonly used for desalting process.
Since desalinization realizes by reverse osmotic pressure, material therefor is permeable membrane. Can find a series of materials to replace reverse osmosis membrane? in order to find this answer, we see natural additional phenomenon first: the water flow phenomenon that hoists.
At nature, due to the Action of Gravity Field of water, water is to D score trickling, and proverb " The natural flow of water always proceeds from a higher level to a lower one " is exactly the real picture of this natural phenomena. But, also there is the abnormal phenomena of one " water hoist stream " at nature, such as: 1) drip lotus in a humid environment blade can drip water droplet, these water droplets be by the moisture of the root absorption soil of plant and to " on " transport through stem's conduit to blade, wherein there is again partial blade to hang downwards, hydrone is gathered into water droplet in the blade lower end hanging, water droplet is affected by gravity final drippage downwards, and this has just formed moisture by the soil phenomenon that blade " stream " then drips again that first hoists downwards. 2) dripping phenomenon of dripping guanyin is as good as with the lotus of dripping. 3) trees, all there is Evaporation Phenomenon in the blade of all plants of nature, the plant evaporation capacity of diameter 20mm can exceed 0.05 milliliter each second, the evaporation capacity of one day can reach 4.3 kilograms, and the moisture of evaporation is by root absorption, stem is dredged, blade evaporation, therefore the transpiration of plant is also a kind of phenomenon at " water is to upper reaches ". For this phenomenon, people can explain: the conduit of plant and screen casing are realized and being caused by " capillarity " by root to the transport of blade, have numerous " capillary " in plant, and this capillary has the effect of dredging moisture and nutrient. 4) human or animal's capillary. It is believed that in human body artery or vein blood vessel, the power of blood transportation is from heartthrob, to blood, trickling provides power with expansion in the contraction of heart, but in human or animal's tissue, the blood trickling direction of capillary is the upper and lower all directions in left and right, in human or animal body, microcirculatory power is from the structure of capillary wall, be that the usually said osmosis by blood arrives health each several part histoorgan, people are still called this phenomenon " capillarity " of capillary. 5) spring. It is generally acknowledged that spring is underground water, to have underground warm water after the massif rock permeability of ground and concentrate, slit trickling through massif goes out, with the dripping phenomenon difference of plant be: the capillarity of plant only can realize " dripping ", the current that mountain spring forms normally gurgle are gushed out, some mountain spring flows are even very large, and several cubes of discharges per minute are often on the books. 6) immersion stone. In potted plant art, the stone of common a kind of immersion, damp all the year round on stone, on stone, place mud, plant in cultivation, stone is put into water, as long as stone has water below, just lack of water not of immersion stone, sums up " immersion stone " this phenomenon, also can be summed up as a kind of phenomenon at " water is to upper reaches ".
If plant interior " water is to upper reaches " is because " capillarity " causes, be appreciated that so also there is some tubular tissue structure immersion stone inside? and then associate: whether all functions that meet any material that capillarity requires and all possess " water is to upper reaches "? only can realize the function at " water is to upper reaches " and then go to test by " capillarity " if you think, the perhaps also perhaps failure of success of its result, because a kind of phenomenon that " capillarity " is only " water is to upper reaches " to be followed, this " phenomenon " followed can not be explained to the principle at " water is to upper reaches " as essence, or disclose the rule at " water is to upper reaches ". previously people explained the phenomenon at this " water is to upper reaches " with " capillarity ", and unable to make out one's case in theory in this explanation, in other words conj.or perhaps a kind of defective theory. because we can not think that pipeline enough carefully just necessarily possesses " capillarity ". on the contrary, its result just necessarily have the phenomenon at " water is to upper reaches " if supposition pipeline is enough thick? real answer is amazing in fact: answer is " no " three words. originally " water is to upper reaches " substantial function was not to be determined by the thickness of pipeline, but pipeline and water exist a contact-making surface, and being has the size of contact-making surface and the common decision of the shape of contact-making surface. the contact area of pipeline and water and the shape of pipeline determine the size of current, the direction of moving towards to determine current of pipeline.
In routine understanding, there are understanding mistaken ideas in us: is exactly that we have only seen that current exist the phenomenon of " water is to dirty " because of Action of Gravity Field sometimes, do not see " water is to upper reaches ", why? because the hydrone of upwards walking along tube wall is compared with the hydrone of walking downwards, in thicker pipeline, be inappreciable, simultaneously because the evaporation of moisture, in thicker pipeline, moisture has upwards evaporated very soon, basic or be difficult to see " water is upwards walked ", therefore in thicker pipeline, the phenomenon at " water is to upper reaches " almost be can't see. but in plant, conduit is very thin, approach the fineness of hair, and bark separated contacting of conduit and extraneous air, moisture can not evaporate, in bark this almost sealing system in, water is permeated by root, by the numerous capillary channels of stem, and through blade, evaporated by blade, thus the final function that forms " water is to upper reaches ". more specifically say, forming the reason at " water is to upper reaches " is: capillary channels (conduit) numerous in plant have larger contact area with hydrones, adds in plant bottom moisture large, and top moisture is few, due to " infiltration " effect of hydrone, realize the function at " water is to upper reaches ". and osmosis can be explained with osmotic pressure. osmotic pressure can be explained with mechanics, this phenomenon is explained with mechanics: because plant internal water molecule is subject to the double action of gravity and capillary wall van der Waals' force in capillary, for reaching the mechanical balance of molecular level, under the effect of molecular force, moisture is just flowed to " top " of plant by " bottom " of plant, realize the function at " water is to upper reaches ".
So, do we imitate this structure of plant and manufacture the function of a kind of equipment realization " water is to upper reaches "? or imitate mountain spring underground water be extracted into ground surface underground water in the situation that there is no conventional energy resource power consumption? there is word being: anything goes. But science need to be forbidden. The essential reason that we must make " water is to upper reaches " clear could pass through some means and realize the function at " water is to upper reaches ".
Said above, the essential reason at " water is to upper reaches " is not only that also having a reason is exactly the contact area of moisture and pipeline, accurately says the ratio size of the moisture of unit mass and the contact area of pipeline because pipeline is thick and thin. Any material so as long as just may realize greatly the function at " water is to upper reaches " with the contact area of water? of course not. At nature, some material is hydrophilic, some is hydrophobic or hydrophobic, for the existence of hydrophobic and hydrophobic substance, people are easy to expect utilizing some specific material such as hydrophilic material is made capillary channel and realized so-called " capillarity ", hydrophobic and material hydrophobic can not be realized " capillarity ", therefore can use similar hydrophilic substance, realizes " function " at " water is to upper reaches " such as manufacture fiber or capillary channel with polyvinyl alcohol.
Utilize hydrophilic substance realize " water is to upper reaches " as the material of capillary channel although function novel incomparable, but can think " easily expecting ", so, in the law circle of China, if the device by manual method manufacture " water is to upper reaches " can be thought kind of an invention, also can think and easily expect and " creativeness " of negative this gizmo, whether really there is " creativeness " and will see the understanding of auditor to meaning that this innovation and creation produce, or there is " creativeness " or do not possess creativeness, how judgement will see that auditor carries out the judgement of " tendentiousness " to the meaning of this equipment generation social effect in other words of the social agency of this equipment and generation.
So, which benefit is the function that realizes " water is to upper reaches " have to the mankind actually, and what realistic meaning do " water is to upper reaches " have actually in other words?
First this phenomenon 1): in more hot season in summer, we come into forest, and does is there kind of a nice and cool sensation moment why? a lot of people can say that forest has the effect of regulating the climate, and has reduced atmospheric temperature. Continuing so to question closely one, why does forest have the effect of regulating the climate? what does is the mechanism that forest is regulated the climate?
Another kind of phenomenon 2 again): in summer and autumn in spring, we have a touch with the stem of plant with hand, such as stalk, ivy, luffa vine, hang melon seedling, have a kind of sensation of the ice-cold or needle-holding hand that whiz whiz whiz is cool, responsive the elderly is even unable to bear this nice and cool stimulation. What does this phenomenon illustrate?
The root, stem and leaf of above two kinds of natural phenomenas explanation plant is all to absorb heat. Exactly because root, stem and leaf absorbs heat, large batch of plant (or forest) just has the effect of regulating the climate.
Why can the root, stem and leaf of plant absorb heat so? be appreciated that this problem, problem is as complicated a lot, and for this reason, we have a talk the first law of thermodynamics, i.e. law of conservation of energy first.
The basic meaning of law of conservation of energy is: energy can not produce without foundation and can not disappear without foundation, can only move another kind of state from a kind of state transitions, transfers to another kind of object from a kind of object. can only shift since energy can not disappear, so also can say, energy is Infinite Cyclic at nature. it must be also the result of energy circulation that the potential energy that " water hoist stream " has realized water increases (water accumulates aloft or evaporates and can cause the potential energy of water to increase), does the potential energy that " water hoist stream " increases so come wherefrom? where does " energy " circulate actually in other words? top was analyzed, plant from environment absorb heat regulation weather, the potential energy that plant has been realized again water from environment absorption heat in regulating the climate increases, potential energy increase can increase energy storage, and this energy storage is useful energy storage, this energy circulation that causes moisture potential to increase looks it is the very significant circulation of one.
Concrete analysis is come: plant has absorbed heat from environment, does is this heat to come wherefrom? on thermodynamics, this part heat is also a part for interior energy, heat reality is also energy, origin of heat reality is also energy source, heat is a sorting item of energy, and therefore narration often calls energy heat below. origin of heat in other words one of energy source is that solar radiation makes plant leaf blade evaporation, plant leaf blade part is compared comparatively dry with limb, therefore realize " water to upper reaches " by limb to the osmosis of blade by moisture, make hydrone by soil flow to blade, a large amount of hydrones causes the potential energy of water to increase owing to highly increasing, liquid water molecules evaporation simultaneously overcomes the active force between hydrone, distance increases, become vaporous water molecule, liquid water molecules becomes vaporous water molecule increases the potential energy of water, therefore one of the potential energy source that can say hydrone is solar radiation, origin of heat in other words energy source two be that tracheal tissue's structural molecule in plant roots and stem and hydrone interact, cause molecule skewed popularity to move (upwards, or downwards, there is directionality, contrary with random warm-up movement) thus absorb the radiations heat energy of gas molecule or the radiations heat energy of other objects in air and absorb the thermally conductive heat amount of gas molecule in air, and this part heat causes the potential energy of plant stem hydrone to increase.
Heat or energy circulation are originally natural, it is very normal thing, but at occurring in nature, the circulation of energy is again surreptitious, people so far all can not perfect definition what be " energy ", in whole world various countries encyclopedia, people are differentiated for energy or for the definition in the source (energy) of energy, people are not also very comprehensive for definition and the understanding of energy definition and energy circulation, therefore say that " energy circulation " still exists certain surreptitious property at present. There is certain surreptitious property just because of energy circulation; people can not expose energy so far completely, and to hold the institute containing meaningful and by perfect correct utilization; thereby can produce " energy crisis " this noun; the frequent generation of the various natural calamities that also can produce terrestrial climate variation and follow, why does is this again actually?
This is because between universe, energy is conservation, also circulate, but spontaneous energy circulation is but unidirectional, " entropy increasing " direction that so-called thermodynamics is explained. The particular content that is appreciated that energy circulation just it must be understood that thermodynamic (al) general principle, comprises concept and " entropy increasing " direction of " entropy " of thermodynamics proposition. What is called unidirectional or " entropy increasing " direction? be appreciated that this " entropy increasing " direction also must see hot mechanics second and the 3rd law, because law of conservation of energy does not represent the direction change direction of energy in other words that heat is transmitted, but the second law of thermodynamics and the 3rd law have clearly represented this direction of transfer or have been called the direction of energy circulation. Pass to by the higher object of temperature the object that temperature is lower such as what: the second law of thermodynamics explicitly pointed out that heat can only be spontaneous, and can not be spontaneous by the lower object transfer of temperature to the higher object of temperature, unless external force is to system acting and change this direction of transfer. Do not do work and can not change this direction of transfer. Potential energy in conjunction with top is said herein " water " increases, and that is to say does not do work just can not cause the potential energy of water to increase. And the water of saying is herein exactly that the potential energy of water is increased to upper reaches, this has run counter to the situation of not doing work in thermodynamics and potential energy is increased at all. The second law of thermodynamics contradiction that this phenomenon is genuine and people describe conventionally? want this problem of profound understanding, must this historical concept of profound understanding: entropy.
What is entropy, how to understand " entropy ", understands this concept of entropy and can be divided into the understanding of " qualitative " and quantitative " understanding " two kinds of methods.
Qualitative sense can so be understood: having this book to cry " the game Holy Bible ", explain: " entropy " is exactly chaos in this this book, is exactly unordered, just refers to that material is in the time of microcosmic warm-up movement state, a kind of mark of confusion degree. In microcosmos, " entropy " is the measuring of a large amount of microcosmic particle degrees of disorder of composition system, if system is more unordered, more chaotic, entropy is just larger. Entropy is the state of matter parameter of draw according to the second law of thermodynamics one reflection spontaneous process irreversibility at first. The second law of thermodynamics is the rule of summing up out according to a large amount of observed results, has following form of presentation: 1. heat always passes to cryogenic object from high temp objects, can not do contrary transmission and does not cause other variation; 2. merit can all be converted into heat, but any heat engine can not be fully, continuously accepted heat is changed into merit (cannot manufacture perpetual motion machine of the second kind); 3. in isolated blob, the actual process occurring always makes the entropy of whole system increase, and this is principle of entropy increase.
The microscopic nature of thermodynamic process irreversibility and statistical significance are exactly that system is from being tending towards in order unordered. Our this universe is the universe that entropy increases. What the second law of thermodynamics embodied is exactly this feature. Historically: " entropy " is the term that roentgen Clausius created in 1850, and he represents with it the uniformity coefficient that any energy distributes in space. Energy distribution must be more even, and entropy is just larger. If that system of considering for us, energy distributes completely equably, and so, the entropy of this system just reaches maximum. In the view of Clausius, in a system, if allow its organic growth, so, energy difference always tends to eliminate. Only have in the time that the energy density in that particular system that you use is uneven, energy can be converted into merit, and at this moment, energy tends to flow to from the higher place of density the place that density is lower, until all reach even. Rely on just this of energy to flow, you could obtain merit from energy. In sum, in physics, " entropy " in fact refers to a kind of objective measurement of the relation between heat and acting, and mark heat is converted into the degree of merit. More the successful degree of thermal transition is less for the larger unordered degree of index of chaotic degree.
The method of quantitatively understanding entropy is exactly: entropy is exactly the business except temperature gained with heat. Logical conventional sign S represents. In classical thermodynamics, available delta definition entropy is dS=(dQ/T), the thermodynamic temperature that in formula, T is material; DQ is the heat that adds material in entropy increasing process. Heat dQ reaches low temperature (T2) object by high temperature (T1) object, the entropy dS1=dQ/T1 of high temp objects, the entropy dS2=dQ/T2 of cryogenic object, two objects are seen altogether in a system, the variation of entropy is dS=dS2-dS1 > 0, and entropy increases. For example: taking carbon dioxide as example: when the temperature of 1 gram of carbon dioxide is during as T1=1000 °, the air venting heat of temperature T 2=300 ° is 700 joules towards periphery, dS1=dQ/T1=700/1000=0.7, dS2=dQ/T2=700/300=2.333, the variation of entropy is dS=dS2-dS1=2.333-0.7=1.633 > 0, is greater than zero and represents that the entropy of T2 object increases. In other words, at nature because temperature always passes to cryogenic object by high temp objects, thereby the entropy of system forever increases in the time of autonomous state, this can only spontaneous increase can not spontaneous minimizing thermodynamic process be exactly unidirectional, this direction is exactly the direction that entropy increases.
The direction that entropy increases makes our mankind consuming in the process of the energy, the heat producing is constantly discharged in extraneous natural environment, become and do not become electric energy and the cogeneration of heat and power or be directly discharged in extraneous natural environment of having to such as be almost greater than 60% heat in heat generating, motor vehicles for another example, the mechanical efficiency of internal combustion engine is only greater than 40%, almost exceeding 50% heat for no reason discharges and is discharged in atmospheric environment, and the energy of internal combustion engine acting finally also becomes heat, and huge heat is discharged into the temperature that has increased atmosphere in atmospheric environment. , someone says, the radiant heat energy that the relative sun of heat that the energy that the mankind consume produces gives the earth is negligible, is not enough to cause the thermal change of the earth, this saying seems certain reason, but unilateral reason is finally always proved to be mistake. why so say? the heat of solar radiation is that the main source of earth heat is not false, when but the mankind consume energy release heat often at the local of the earth instead of evenly spread over each corner of the earth, such as city, densely-populated, motor vehicle highly dense, produce highly dense and cause production equipment highly dense, a people's power is exactly 60-100 watt, maximum several hectowatts, the power of an automobile is 100-1000 times of people's power, production equipment, factory building is all highly power consumption, like this urban compact region mankind consume heat that the energy discharges reached the sun earthward radiations heat energy 30%, some regional areas can exceed the heat of solar radiation, and the sun to the radiation total amount of heat of the earth almost year in and year out, almost do not reduce how many, and the mankind consume the speed of the energy also in continuation increase, people live in lithosphere, original temperature is metastable, spring, summer, autumn and winter, geological formations has all adapted to this variation naturally, but the mankind consume the heat (direction that entropy increases) of energy generation and have produced fuel factor, fuel factor not only makes atmosphere warm, earth's crust temperature rise, melting, atmosphere pollution aggravation, also due to earth's crust temperature rise, some silicate material strength decreased of the earth's crust, be the earth earth's crust temperature rise once the strength decreased of earth's crust earth material (all there is the problem of strength decreased after heated in any material, when any solid material melts, intensity is no better than zero, earth's crust temperature raises and was once proving that approximately 30 meters of thickness earth's crust became liquid from solid), under the impact that is reduced in earth magma of earth's crust intensity, more easily cause earthquake. this is also one of reason of taking place frequently of earthquake in recent years. therefore. at nature, at the earth of human living, entropy increases phenomenon the circulation of energy has been produced to huge negative effect, if " entropy increasing " phenomenon can not get changing, the vicious circle of mankind's terrestrial climate changes aggravation, natural calamity takes place frequently, and even can as prehistoric glacial period several times, cause biotic population to destroy also possible. therefore it is huge on the impact of earth environment from current ambient condition analysis that entropy increases phenomenon, and people's reality is in the urgent need to " entropy subtracts " instead of " entropy increasing ", " negentropy " that " entropy subtracts " namely it has often been said. at nature, negentropy also exists, be exactly a kind of order phenomenon such as plant exists as life, large quantities of plants exist or " water is to upper reaches " phenomenon is a kind of " negentropy ", i.e. " entropy subtracts " phenomenon, why? the organic process in evaporation and water suction compound body because plant constantly absorbs water, is exactly constantly to make the potential energy of object increase, and comprises 1) the height increase of moisture causes potential energy to increase. 2) absorbing can not be by human use's heat in ambient atmosphere. 3) synthesis of organic substance absorbs moisture. 4) synthesis of organic substance absorbs energy or the heat of solar radiation. 5) synthetic organic matter is corresponding with the airborne oxygen as oxidant as reducing agent, forms the corresponding potential energy of molecule (such as opposing between hydrogen and oxygen, can think and exist molecule to oppose or perhaps corresponding potential energy between the two). this function of plant is referred to as " negentropy ", and " water is to upper reaches " only changed the storage location of moisture, it is a physical process, the same entropy of result of this physical process reduces, as water suction does not make system transmit confusion but ordering more to the result of eminence, potential energy is stored and can better be utilized. therefore can say that " water is to upper reaches " function is indispensable in energy cyclic process, be to be beneficial to life on earth to have " positive energy " that maintain in other words conj.or perhaps human survival. briefly, the phenomenon at " water is to upper reaches " can be extracted into eminence water, can make the potential energy of water increase, when energy increases, low taste around or the heat due to " entropy increasings " generation are absorbed, reduce the temperature of surrounding environment, strengthen the storage of energy at the earth, the earthquake of having avoided terrestrial climate temperature fast rise to cause, volcano eruption, the frequent generation of the natural calamities such as storm wind sleet, therefore applicant thinks that the function at " water is to upper reaches " and natural plant have status of equal importance in natural energy circulation, there is outstanding meaning, it is the direction that the mankind make great efforts.
Since the function at " water is to upper reaches " has outstanding meaning, we probe into the principle at " water is to upper reaches " more so. Said that " water is to upper reaches " was because hydrophilic substance causes above, we just probe into the principle of hydrophilic substance now so. Proving through summary of experience for many years of scientific worker, all there are some hydrophilic groups in hydrophilic substance, such as-OH ,-CHO ,-COOH ,-NH2. Wherein 1) hydrophilic group (group) of anion surfactant has carboxylic acid group, sulfonic group and phosphate etc. 2) hydrophilic group of cationic surfactant (group) has amino, quaternary ammonium group etc. 3) hydrophilic group of non-ionic surface active agent (group) is by the ether being made up of oxy radical and hydroxyl and carboxylate, block polyether etc. Sum up, " activity " of so-called hydrophilic group is made up of protium, oxygen element, nitrogen element, P elements, element sulphur, carbon, and they are also the organic basic elements of composition. And why hydrophilic be owing to forming hydrogen bond with water. So-called hydrogen bond is exactly: atom X(fluorine that hydrogen atom and electronegativity are large, radius is little, oxygen, nitrogen etc.) with covalent bonds, if the another kind of atom Y(large with electronegativity identical with X also can) approach, between X and Y taking hydrogen as medium, generate X-H ... a kind of special intermolecular or intramolecular interaction of Y shape formula, is called hydrogen bond. (X and Y can be one species atoms, as the hydrogen bond between hydrone). In the case of the a-spiral of protein, be N-H ... the hydrogen bond of O type is N-H in the double helix situation of DNA ... O, N-H ... the hydrogen bond of N-type, because such hydrogen bond is a lot, therefore these structures are stable. In typical hydrogen bond, X and Y are F, N and the O atoms that electronegativity is very strong. But C, S, Cl, P even Br and I atom also can form hydrogen bond in some cases, but bond energy is lower conventionally. The Average bond energy data of common hydrogen bond are: F-H ...: F(155kJ/mol or 40kcal/mol); O-H ...: N(29kJ/mol or 6.9kcal/mol); O-H ...: O(21kJ/mol or 5.0kcal/mol); N-H ...: N(13kJ/mol or 3.1kcal/mol); N-H ...: O(8kJ/mol or 1.9kcal/mol); HO-H ...: OH3(18kJ/mol or 4.3kcal/mol). Between our known water molecule, be hydrogen bond, if realize " water is upwards walked ", will ensure to form hydrogen bond between material and hydrone, and the bond energy of hydrogen bond approaches or is more than or equal to the bond energy between hydrone. In microcosmos, although the irregular motion of hydrone is subject to the impact of Newtonian mechanics equally, hydrone produces micromotion under the effect of hydrogen bond, should be greater than bond energy between hydrone from the hydrogen bond energy of this reason material, but consider molecular structure, the not necessarily single hydrogen bond forming between molecule and molecule, and be likely that two keys even may have triple bond or how strong, therefore, when the material of not talkative formation " water is upwards walked " and water form hydrogen bond, its bond energy is necessarily greater than the bond energy between hydrone. Such as above-mentioned polyvinyl alcohol, being commonly called as PVA molecular formula is [C2H4O] n, there is stronger water imbibition, 80-90 Celsius is dissolved in water while spending, the element of its water suction can be thought oxygen element and protium, H in oxygen atom and H2O wherein interacts, and the oxygen atom effect in hydrogen atom and H2O wherein, forms multiple hydrogen bonds in pairs. On using, can utilize its water-soluble, film-forming to be attached on other carriers, also can make particle or reel off raw silk from cocoons into fiber and then fiber is inserted to the utilization of drawing water in pipeline. Cellulosic molecule Shi Shi ﹝ C6H10O5 ﹞ n, its oxygen element and protium content are higher equally, and easy and hydrone forms hydrogen bond, and therefore cellulose is also the good material that absorbs moisture. Its derivative, as acetate fiber can corrode by bacteriological protection, can use for a long time.
More than can find out: the phenomenon at " water is to upper reaches " is because water wetted material material is to form hydrogen bond with water to cause. mostly the material that forms hydrogen bond is organic matter. organic matter needs to process in practice, corrodes with bacteriological protection. inorganic matter does not just exist by bacterium and corrodes this situation. so except organic matter, whether inorganic matter also possesses and water effect, finally form the effect at " water is to upper reaches "? at nature, it is hydrophilic having a lot of inorganic matters, its hydrophilic ability even exceedes above-described organic matter, such as numerous drier, but these materials but can not be realized the function at " water is to upper reaches " under normal temperature environment, why? be below conventional drier: calcium sulfate (CaSO4), barium monoxide (BaO), phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5), volume calcium chloride (CaCl2) is crossed in melting, magnesium perchlorate Mg (ClO4) 2, potassium hydroxide (melting) KOH, aluminium oxide Al 2O3, concentrated sulfuric acid H2SO4, silica gel SiO2, NaOH (melting) NaOH, calcium oxide CaO, active anhydrous cupric sulfate CuSO4, magnesium sulfate MgSO4, sodium sulphate Na2SO4, potash K2CO3 etc.
From can finding out of above drier, the feature of drier is to contain oxygen element, P elements, element sulphur, chlorine element, these are the element that can form with water hydrogen bond just, therefore water is had to stronger attraction, particularly contain more than above-mentioned two kinds of hydrophilic elements simultaneously, such as sulfate ion contains oxygen element and two kinds of elements of element sulphur simultaneously, two kinds of elements are all hydrophilic, so sulfate ion has stronger water imbibition, thereby the water-free concentrated sulfuric acid has even dehydration property of stronger water imbibition, corresponding sulfate also has the ability of stronger combination water. other have stronger water absorbing capacity equally as phosphate, perhafnate, carbonate, silicate, nitrate etc., similar close, the structure of H2O is containing aerobic and hydrogen, protium in other compounds in oxygen element contact water, forms hydrogen bond, the oxygen element in other compounds in the adsorbed water such as metallic element, protium and semiconductor element, what form is also hydrogen bond or similar hydrogen bond, its active force is larger, and bond energy is stronger, thereby has strong water imbibition function.
Can so above drier use as the composition material at " water is to upper reaches "? for one thing, copper sulfate crystal just can lose two crystallizations water in the situation that exceeding 45 ° of C, lose 4 molecular crystalline water at 110 ° of C, in other words the binding ability of dry copper sulfate crystal and water is very large, at normal temperatures with water affine almost can not separate, unless the uniform temperature of being heated to or vibrations to a certain extent. Therefore, at normal temperatures, the saturated copper sulfate crystal of being combined with water no longer has the ability that absorbs more by force water, and only there is very general hydratability, so, use and do not possessed water suction advantage in conjunction with the drier of water at normal temperatures, under the structure at " water is to upper reaches ", use " drier " material not to be well suited for as material.
But, in geothermal energy resources, such as the depth of water is below 2500 meters, when water temperature has reached 80-110 ° of C, destroy can not use time owing to melting as organic PVA or fiber absorbent material, want the water of BADIRE resource to be extracted on ground, what if? with regard to the drier of handy copper sulphate and so on, the feature of these drier is at higher temperature, approaching the equating of ability that it absorbs water and loses water, also only at higher temperature, drier just can be accomplished the balance of water suction and dehydration, could be according to the function of the size realization " water is to upper reaches " of osmotic pressure. Therefore except will considering its hydrophilic ability, also to consider the adaptability for temperature for the selection of organic material or inorganic material. Different serviceability temperature corresponding to material. The environment for use temperature of the drier such as copper sulphate will approach their dry regeneration temperature.
The at present utilization of geothermal energy resources mainly utilize hot spring and and underground heat steam, allow underground heating power resource be extracted into ground or higher height needs power resource, and use drier as absorbent material, can make geothermal water be extracted into endlessly ground, can form " artificial hot spring " that there is no power consumption.
Water can be transported to eminence fresh water to upper reaches, has saved the suction pump that consumes conventional energy resource. Can seawater number be delivered to eminence so? applicant's process simple experiment and osmotic pressure data analysis and natural phenomena analysis all prove impossible. Can there is aqueous reflux phenomenon such as trees run into salt solution, can dry up and dead. Salt-soda soil is also this reason as barren land, and therefore, desalinization is the opposite direction at " water is to upper reaches " just. Be exactly except Action of Gravity Field power, also will be subject to the effect of molecule opposite force. Like this, we also can utilize the filtration of hydrophilic substance and the principle of reverse osmosis of material to carry out desalinization.
Summary of the invention:
Summing up in above-mentioned using energy source process exists entropy to increase the adverse effect that phenomenon causes to nature, the mankind subtract in the urgent need to entropy or the energy circulation process of negentropy realizes the acquisition of energy, therefore need to manufacture a series of equipment at " water is to upper reaches ", thereby realize on earth or between universe, realize " energy circulation ".
The preparation method of " the energy circulation device " at a kind of " water is to upper reaches " is: the equipment by manufacture with " water is to upper reaches " function, the single entropy of offsetting in nature energy transfer process increases direction, realizing " entropy subtracts " is negentropy, realize energy circulation, the equipment wherein with " water is to upper reaches " function comprises immersed body (1), conduit enclosure supporter (2), pipeline inner capillary tube road (3), pipeline water-outlet body (4), and that described immersed body (1) refers to is fixing, infiltrate the equipment that absorbs moisture in water; Described conduit enclosure supporter (2) connects immersed body (1) and pipeline water-outlet body (4), conduit enclosure supporter (2) is sealed to prevent, and water from dividing at air evaporation, and conduit enclosure supporter (2) has certain mechanical strength self and pipeline inner capillary tube road (3) are had to supporting role; Described " pipeline inner capillary tube road " (3) are that the water wetted material with supporting construction forms, and described water wetted material refers to that diameter is less than the water wetted material particle packing of 200 microns and forms, and between particle and particle, mutually supports; Or formed by the moulding material of hydrophilic vertical structure, the moulding material of described hydrophilic vertical structure refer to have hydrophilic feature, length or be highly far longer than width or the moulding material with fixed profile of thickness or diameter, comprising: the fascicular texture of longitudinal concentric circles pipeline configuration of tubular casing tubulose, longitudinal rectangular structure that sheet is close to sheet, column aggregated structure, lines or fiber longitudinal arrangement that column is close to column; Described water wetted material refers to protium that oxygen element that in molecule, electronegativity is larger or element sulphur or fluorine element or nitrogen element or P elements or carbon or above-mentioned two or more elements wherein and electronegativity are less or organic matter or the inorganic salts compound of metallic element or semiconductor element composition; Described pipeline water-outlet body (4) possesses delivery port (5), and pipeline water-outlet body is positioned at middle and upper part or the top of conduit enclosure supporter (2) and is positioned at the below of top water horizontal line (6).
Described water wetted material refers to polyvinyl alcohol.
Described water wetted material refers to cellulose acetate.
Described water wetted material refers to polyacrylic resin.
Described water wetted material refers to that POLYPROPYLENE GLYCOL is resin.
Described water wetted material refers to that PEO is resin.
Described water wetted material refers to unorganic glass.
Described water wetted material refers to quartz glass.
Described water wetted material refers to SiO 2 powder.
Described water wetted material refers to calcium sulfate (CaSO4).
Described water wetted material refers to magnesium sulfate MgSO4.
Described water wetted material refers to sodium sulphate Na2SO4.
Described water wetted material refers to copper sulphate CuSO4.
Described water wetted material refers to potash K2CO3.
Described water wetted material refers to magnesium perchlorate Mg (ClO4) 2.
Described water wetted material refers to calcium chloride (CaCl2).
Described water wetted material refers to barium monoxide (BaO).
Described water wetted material refers to aluminium oxide (Al2O3).
Described water wetted material refers to phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5).
Described water wetted material refers to calcium oxide (CaO).
Described water wetted material refers to silica gel SiO2.
Described water wetted material refers to potassium hydroxide (melting) KOH.
Described water wetted material is NaOH (melting) NaOH.
Described immersed body (1) periphery has enclosure net structure, and described enclosure net structure is one or more layers purse seine composition filter screen structure, and the structure of described multilayer purse seine is that peripheral aperture is large, and peripheral aperture is progressively decreased to the pore size of pellicle inwards.
The supporting construction of described water wetted material is tubular structure, and the longitudinal ring set of body and body forms pipe-in-pipe integrated morphology.
The supporting construction of described water wetted material is column structure, and cylinder and cylinder longitudinal arrangement form longitudinal column integrated morphology.
The supporting construction of described water wetted material is plate-like structure, and platysome and platysome longitudinal arrangement form vertically flat shape integrated morphology.
The supporting construction of described water wetted material is a watt type platy structure, and watt template body forms longitudinal watt of template shape integrated morphology with a watt template body longitudinal arrangement.
The supporting construction of described water wetted material is fibrous material structure, and fiber and fiber longitudinal arrangement form the integrated fascicular texture of longitudinal fiber.
The supporting construction of described water wetted material is the mixing supporting construction of fibrous material and tubular body or cylinder composition, and fiber and tubular body or cylinder longitudinal arrangement form longitudinal combination fiber and strengthen structure.
The supporting construction of described water wetted material is grain structure, and particle and particle packing support mutually, forms any direction integrated morphology between particle.
The supporting construction of described water wetted material is particle and tubular structure combination, and particle packing is in longitudinal tubular body, and particle and body form Top-down design structure jointly.
Above equipment can be taken out water toward eminence from lower, realizes the function at " water is to upper reaches "; Utilize this kind of equipment can realize the circulation of portion of energy at earth interior, in theory consequently increase negentropy at nature, realizing the Reversible Cycle of energy, is the opposite direction that second law of thermodynamics entropy increases direction, and the transmission of energy both forward and reverse directions could realize real energy circulation; In actual life, practical advantages is the heat that can absorb atmosphere, reduces or removal greenhouse effects; Can reduce atmospheric temperature, reduce molecular thermalmotion, slow down to dust, thereby purify air, regulate the climate, and can reduce the frequent generation of the natural calamities such as heavy rain, severe snow, volcano eruption, haze, earthquake.
Concrete summary also has following actual functional capability:
1) water suction, to eminence, increases the potential energy of water, makes energy storage.
2) produce negentropy, impel natural Infinite Energy circulation, regulate the climate.
3) water suction, absorbs certain density inorganic ion, has the function of desalination or desalinization.
4) dilute layer by layer heavy metal ion and there is the function purifying water.
5) form air inlet window, filtered air has the effect purifying air.
6) form natural landscape.
7) temperature and humidity and there is the effect of regulating the climate in conditioning chamber.
8) function of absorption underground water.
9) realize artificial idle fountain.
10) realize the utilization of geothermal water.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of " water is to upper reaches " equipment, and wherein 1 is immersed body, and 2 is conduit enclosure body, and 3 is pipeline inner capillary tube road, and 4 is pipeline water-outlet body, and 5 is delivery port, and 6 is top water horizontal line. Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 are all the structure diagram of " water is to upper reaches " equipment. Fig. 4 is the cross section schematic diagram of pipe box tubular structure, and wherein 2 is conduit enclosure body, and 3 is pipeline inner capillary tube road, and 7 is the gap between tube and tube. Fig. 5 is longitudinal polygon cylinder or the integrated schematic diagram of cylinder, and wherein 8 is single cylinder. Fig. 6 is the cross section of longitudinal polygon cylinder or cylinder integrated system, and 8 is single cylinder. Fig. 7 is the integrated schematic diagram of vertically flat, and wherein 9 is single flat board, the 10 integrated schematic diagrames that are multiple flat boards. Fig. 8 is the single plate of tile. Fig. 9 is the sea water desalting equipment with penetration of sea water structure.
Detailed description of the invention:
Carry out the explanation of concrete operation step as an example of accompanying drawing 1, accompanying drawing 2, accompanying drawing 3 example:
The difference of Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 and Fig. 1 is only the differences in shape of structural parts, and such as position and the shape of pipeline water-outlet body (4), the structure that its basic structure and Fig. 1 represent is as broad as long, therefore only illustrates with Fig. 1 structure below.
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of " water is to upper reaches " equipment, and wherein 1 is immersed body, and 2 is conduit enclosure body, and 3 is pipeline inner capillary tube road, and 4 is pipeline water-outlet body, and 5 is delivery port, and 6 is top water horizontal line. Immersed body (1) as its name suggests, is immersed in the part in water exactly, comprises that part and pipeline inner capillary tube road (3) that conduit enclosure body (2) is immersed in water are immersed in the part in water; If water body is in the time of reservoir or river or ocean, immersed body needs enclosure net structure with preliminary purification water quality, has the pipeline inner capillary tube road (3) of absorbent function with anti-clogging, affects soaking effect. Enclosure net structure is relatively applicable to multistage multilayer purse seine, and such as outermost layer is the metal purse seine of 40 order sizes or the bolting silk with supporting role, outermost layer is 1 grade, it is 2 grades from outer several second layers, the second level is 400 orders, and the third level can be 1000 orders, and the fourth stage can be just absorbent material. In reality, can be divided into 2 grades, also can 3 grades, also can 4 grades, also can be more. Immersed body, except enclosure net structure, also can have supporting construction, such as in river for fear of its rolling or vibrations, immersed body can be fixed completely. Fixing immersed body needs mechanics supporting construction naturally. If make fountain or the natural landscape of water to upper reaches, immersed body more needs the mechanics materials such as reinforced concrete to fix, and conduit enclosure body (2) is supported.
Conduit enclosure body (2) more needs self to support or support internal capillaries road (3), therefore conduit enclosure body must be the solid material with some strength, such as conventional materials such as metal, plastics, fiberglass, also can use the material having with water affinity, such as quartz glass or simple glass body, it is transparent using Vitrea benefit, transparent glass can be used in forms, balcony etc. and get light place, namely can make the glass of water to upper reaches, benefit of glass is printing opacity, and this is at least. Water can purify air to upper reaches in dust suction, melts oxygen and organic particle, and filtered air can decomposing organic matter under solar radiation, and the effect of similar photocatalyst, forms air cleaning forms.
Conduit enclosure body (2) is the upwards mounting system of streaming system of water, is the skeleton of water to upper reaches, in Fig. 1, conduit enclosure body (2) is divided into 4 parts: bottom, middle and lower part, middle and upper part, top, every part accounts for 25% of skeleton. why be divided into 4 parts, be to describe the needs of the position of pipeline water-outlet body (4) on conduit enclosure body (2). can be divided into upper, middle and lower three parts according to general classification, a middle part can be larger. can certainly be divided into upper, middle and lower, in upper, in lower five parts, but be here divided into " upper, in upper, under, under " four parts have met the needs of describing. mid portion account for 50% and middle and upper part divide with lower middle portion and respectively account for 25%, 25% of skeleton system is also occupied respectively in upper and lower, like this, pipeline water-outlet body (4) is positioned at middle and upper part or top all meets routine, namely, can flow out from eminence in order to realize water, be not that water flows out from the highest point of shell system, but must be lower than the extreme higher position of system, this extreme higher position has been labeled as top water horizontal line (6), in fact, similar plants or natural fountain, the place of current is highest point scarcely, such as the dripping phenomenon of the lotus of dripping is blade by hanging down drippage, the spring of mountain spring must be to be also halfway up the hill or the subaerial position of half way up the mountain, owing to being affected by gravity, water does not flow out from highest point, therefore the position of pipeline water-outlet body is not just careless arrangement, but must be placed in below top water horizontal line (6), generally be positioned at top, also can be positioned at middle and upper part, can be arranged on middle and lower part or bottom but some people is creative, also can flow out water, but the fact is to be placed on middle and lower part to look like siphonage, lose basic goal and the meaning at " water is to upper reaches ", simultaneously, when under during pipeline water-outlet body (4) is placed on or the bottom, water approach middle and upper part again behind approach top more descending outflow by pipeline water-outlet body be almost impossible, unless it is very greatly very large that conduit enclosure body (2) does, internal capillaries road (3) is full of in it, it is huge that water absorption is compared water yield difference, such as water absorbing capacity is unit interval 100KG, and water outlet only has 1KG, large like this ratio is uneconomic to system, can cause the significant wastage of resource, water absorption and water yield are that balance is approaching equal under normal circumstances, therefore require pipeline water-outlet body (4) to be positioned at top or middle and upper part. also to see simultaneously, pipeline water-outlet body (4) can be very large, also can be very little, when the length of pipeline water-outlet body approaches or equal to be greater than a half of conduit enclosure body, pipeline water-outlet body can be positioned at top in this case, in on, in lower three regions, some art structure is not considered can so design under economic prerequisite, but pipeline water-outlet body (4) should be arranged in or top with the interface position (not marking on description figure) of conduit enclosure body (2), simultaneously, the delivery port (5) one of pipeline water-outlet body is positioned below top water horizontal line (6), as for be positioned at what concrete definite position once at top water horizontal line (6) actually, will be according to the requirement of discharge, environmental condition and economic situation are determined flexibly.
In general, discharge and pipeline inner capillary tube road (3) determine jointly with the contact area of water and the performance of material, water is larger with the material contact area of composition capillary channel, in principle, the transport capacity of water is larger, the water absorbing force of material is stronger, transport capacity is larger, this " transport capacity " also refers to the penetrating power of water, penetration is larger, the transport capacity of water is stronger, and present patent application application is the equipment with " water is to upper reaches " function, this is just except considering the penetration of water, the direction that also will consider current is not left-right and front-back but upwards, also to consider the absorption speed in pipeline inner capillary tube road (3) and the water separation capability under certain temperature and pressure condition, only have very fast water suction constantly dehydration, could realize the fast transportation of water. the water absorbing capacity of various materials and dehydration conditions are different, such as, anhydrous cupric sulfate has very strong water absorbing capacity, a copper sulphate molecule can absorb 5 molecular crystalline water, but the copper sulphate with the crystallization water can not dewater under normal pressure at normal temperatures, only more than C could dewater 45 ° of facilities, therefore at normal temperatures and pressures, with copper sulphate as water suction or dehydration material be unaccommodated. but, copper sulphate can be used under specific condition, such as in the development process of geothermal energy resources, such as being greater than in the hot spring of 70 ° of C, if just improper with polyvinyl alcohol, because polyvinyl alcohol would just become liquid in the time exceeding 80 ° of C, liquid has mobility, if pipeline inner capillary tube road is the water absorbing agent as material with polyvinyl alcohol, under the environment lower than 65 ° of C, be safe, polyvinyl alcohol can only be used under the environmental condition lower than 65 ° of C in other words. polyvinyl alcohol is available under low temperature or normal temperature, if but as underground artificial hot spring, in underground piping as the words of water absorbing agent, just see the temperature of underground water, if underground water temperature has exceeded 65 ° of C, such as being 80 ° of-110 ° of C, can select copper sulphate as water absorbing agent, in other words, all solid driers are all water absorbing agents, but will be used at specific temperature, are convenient to dewater under normal pressure, under certain gravity or other pressure, dewater, could realize the function at " water is to upper reaches ". , also will see, because current are subject to Action of Gravity Field, water is not unlimited to upper reaches meanwhile, the height of current is subject to material water absorbing capacity and gravity effect, in plant, due to the transpiration of plant leaf blade, blade is comparatively dry, and water absorbing capacity is strong, just can constantly absorb water from limb, the lotus of dripping is also that blade droops downwards, water is subject to that Action of Gravity Field just constantly drips, therefore upwards to walk be with good conditionsi to water, this condition is exactly the ability that absorbent material self will have support self and the moisture that carries, be exactly that absorbent material necessarily has certain intensity, such as the concentrated sulfuric acid has very strong water absorbing capacity, but itself be liquid, liquid does not possess the supporting role of solid, and liquid has mobility, flowing liquid can not be as supporting self and the effect of supporting moisture, therefore liquid can not be as absorbent material, although it may have very strong water absorbing capacity. so-called bearing capacity be exactly absorbent material this be solid in operation interval (such as polyvinyl alcohol is under 65 °), there is some strength, this intensity can support self and the moisture that carries, and under this intensity index, has larger contact area with water. absorbent material is very huge, but is not that any absorbent material can nonoptionally use. what absorbent material can be selected has: 1) nonionic system, as hydroxy kind, acid amides base class etc., 2) multiple hydrophilic radical is: hydroxyl-carboxylic acids, hydroxyl-carboxylic acid group-acid amides base class, sulfonic group-carboxylic acid base class etc. most of super absorbent resins are made up of the tridimensional network that contains strongly hydrophilic group (as carboxyl, sulfonic group, phthalein amido, hydroxyl etc.) on strand. but after a lot of absorbent material water suctions, expanding, give pipeline build-up of pressure, is not therefore that the stronger just more applicable water that does of water absorbing capacity uses to the water wetted material at upper reaches yet. the water wetted material of " water is to upper reaches " equipment must have following technical indicator: 1) water suction is hydrophilic ability. 2) water suction and dehydration meet the temperature and pressure condition of environment. 3) absorbent material will possess certain intensity. 4) absorbent material and water have larger contact area. 5) caliber at " water is to the upper reaches " of material composition will be upwards. 6) delivery port caliber is wanted downwards.
Pipeline inner capillary tube road (3) is the pith of " water is to upper reaches " system, its structure can simple and flexible, also can be complicated and changeable, such as for the particle diameter requirement in pipeline inner capillary tube road (3), so-called capillary channel, be exactly very thin, approximately 0.1 millimeter of the thickness of hair, the capillary channel of plant is almost also all at 0.2 millimeter 200 below micron, do so whether, we necessarily require the particle diameter of capillary channel to be less than 200 microns? get this problem clear, have a look first water droplet, if you observe the drippage of a water, just very interesting, in the time that the water droplet of water pipe falls, water droplet increases gradually, water droplet increases to a certain degree (diameter is greater than 3 millimeters) just can gravitate or shock effect around and dripping, between this explanation hydrone and hydrone, there is very strong interaction force, this active force is exactly the hydrogen bond forming between hydrone, namely, hydrone and hydrone attract each other, its attraction is almost maximum in liquid, this can find out from the very large phenomenon of the gasification latent heat of water. in fact the osmosis of water is exactly that interaction between molecule causes. so-called penetration is also the interaction between hydrone and solute molecule, in macroscopic view, be just presented as so-called penetration or phenomenon of osmosis, therefore, research water also will be considered this interaction force of hydrone itself to the function at upper reaches, namely our object is exactly that this active force between hydrone just in time meets us and realizes this object at " water is to upper reaches " in order to realize flowing of water. although plant capillary pipeline particle diameter is less than 200 microns, but in our requirements for pipes, according to the difference of the water absorbing capacity of material and enabling capabilities, be greater than 200 microns at pipeline particle diameter and be less than under the situation of 1000 microns, can not realize the function at " water is to upper reaches ". it is how much just suitable that particle diameter is wanted actually, except considering environment temperature pressure condition, water height, the seasonal variations to upper reaches, also will do actual test data. in this application, can not provide concrete particle size range restriction. but can determine that the water wetted material that pipeline particle diameter is less than the applicable temperature of 200 microns must have stronger water penetrating power, can realize the function of water to upper reaches. also to see simultaneously, in actual production, due to error effect, even it is also upper and lower at 20 microns to seem more smooth its rat of plane, therefore can make and there is error plates or column structure, in the slab construction of Fig. 7 and the column structure of Fig. 6, need only and determine that the support thickness of flat board or cylinder is just passable, in other words, when the flat board of Fig. 7 as far as possible enough thin, while being thinned to enough supports self, arrange although plank is almost close to plank, the pipeline between plank and plank is because mismachining tolerance can self-assembling formation. but, in order to ensure the perfection of system, also should on plank, make trickle Baltimore groove, guarantee the smooth and easy of " capillary channel ", and can improve the speed of carrying water, i.e. carrying capacity in the unit interval. in like manner, Fig. 6 column structure is made longitudinal concave groove in damaged surface too, to guarantee having enough carrying capacities. the rest may be inferred, no matter is the tile of tabular, bar shape or Fig. 8, or other structures, all has Baltimore groove, nature, tens microns of a Baltimore groove degree of depth or hundreds of micron.
The supporting construction of water wetted material also has following structure in addition: 1) tubular structure, the longitudinal ring set of body and body, forms pipe-in-pipe integrated morphology, on pipe, can have Baltimore groove. 2) column structure, cylinder and cylinder longitudinal arrangement form longitudinal column integrated morphology. 3) plate-like structure, platysome and platysome longitudinal arrangement form vertically flat shape integrated morphology. 4) watt type platy structure, watt template body forms longitudinal watt of template shape integrated morphology with a watt template body longitudinal arrangement. 5) fibrous material structure, fiber and fiber longitudinal arrangement form longitudinal fiber integrated morphology. 6) the mixing supporting construction of fibrous material and tubular body or cylinder composition, fiber and tubular body or cylinder longitudinal arrangement form longitudinal combination fiber and strengthen structure. 7) grain structure, particle and particle packing support mutually, form any direction integrated morphology between particle. 8) particle and tubular structure combination, particle packing is in longitudinal tubular body, and particle and body form Top-down design structure jointly.
Other brief description of the drawings: Fig. 4 is the cross section schematic diagram of pipe box tubular structure, and wherein 2 is conduit enclosure body, and 3 is pipeline inner capillary tube road, and 7 is the gap between tube and tube. Fig. 5 is longitudinal polygon cylinder or the integrated schematic diagram of cylinder, and wherein 8 is single cylinder. Fig. 6 is the cross section of longitudinal polygon cylinder or cylinder integrated system, and 8 is single cylinder. Fig. 7 is the integrated schematic diagram of vertically flat, and wherein 9 is single flat board, the 10 integrated schematic diagrames that are multiple flat boards. Fig. 8 is the single plate of tile, and single plate body can be enumerated composition pipe tunnel inner capillary tube road (3) equally. Fig. 9 is the sea water desalting equipment with penetration of sea water structure.
Multi-level pipeline: due to the length of plate body or cylinder in the ordinary course of things can be with conduit enclosure body (2) equal in length, therefore in the time making cylindricality or template material, can form multi-level pipeline, if be connected between layers the bad conveying capacity that can affect water, therefore the two ends of template or cylindrical material need certain connected mode, and the connected mode up and down of these templates or cylindrical material can be: wedged interface, axe type interface, conical interface, spirality interface.
In higher drain water piping, if the pipeline of setting does not possess upwards enough hydrophobic height, also can set the multi-level pipeline of notch cuttype, the meaning is exactly that ground floor water is delivered to certain altitude to the equipment at upper reaches water number, there is again the conveying that hoists of 2 grades of drain water pipings, by that analogy, form multi-level drain water piping.

Claims (10)

1. one kind has the sea water desalting equipment of " water is to upper reaches " function, it is characterized in that: have immersed body (1), conduit enclosure supporter (2), pipeline inner capillary tube road (3), pipeline water-outlet body (4) composition, that wherein said immersed body (1) refers to is fixing, infiltrate the equipment that absorbs moisture in water; Described conduit enclosure supporter (2) connects immersed body (1) and pipeline water-outlet body (4), conduit enclosure supporter (2) is sealed to prevent, and water from dividing at air evaporation, and conduit enclosure supporter (2) has certain mechanical strength self and pipeline inner capillary tube road (3) are had to supporting role; Described " pipeline inner capillary tube road " (3) are that the water wetted material with supporting construction forms, and the supporting construction of described water wetted material is longitudinal tubular structure, and the longitudinal ring set of body and body forms pipe-in-pipe integrated morphology; Described water wetted material refers to protium that oxygen element that in molecule, electronegativity is larger or element sulphur or fluorine element or nitrogen element or P elements or carbon or above-mentioned two or more elements wherein and electronegativity are less or organic matter or the inorganic salts compound of metallic element or semiconductor element composition; Described pipeline water-outlet body (4) possesses delivery port (5), pipeline water-outlet body is positioned at middle and upper part or the top of conduit enclosure supporter (2) and is positioned at the below of top water horizontal line (6), described equipment can be taken out water toward eminence from lower, realize the function at " water is to upper reaches ", increase the potential energy of water; Realize the circulation of portion of energy at earth interior; Can absorb the heat of atmosphere, reduce or removal greenhouse effects; Can reduce atmospheric temperature, reduce molecular thermalmotion, slow down to dust, purify air, regulate the climate, and can reduce the frequent generation of the natural calamities such as heavy rain, severe snow, volcano eruption, haze, earthquake.
2. one according to claim 1 has the sea water desalting equipment of " water is to upper reaches " function, it is characterized in that: described water wetted material refers to polyvinyl alcohol.
3. one according to claim 1 has the sea water desalting equipment of " water is to upper reaches " function, it is characterized in that: described water wetted material refers to cellulose acetate.
4. one according to claim 1 has the sea water desalting equipment of " water is to upper reaches " function, it is characterized in that: described water wetted material refers to polyacrylic resin.
5. one according to claim 1 has the sea water desalting equipment of " water is to upper reaches " function, it is characterized in that: described water wetted material refers to that POLYPROPYLENE GLYCOL is resin.
6. the sea water desalting equipment according to one kind of claim 1 with " water is to upper reaches " function, is characterized in that: described water wetted material refers to that PEO is resin.
7. the sea water desalting equipment according to one kind of claim 1 with " water is to upper reaches " function, is characterized in that: described water wetted material refers to unorganic glass.
8. one according to claim 1 has the sea water desalting equipment of " water is to upper reaches " function, it is characterized in that: described water wetted material refers to quartz glass.
9. one according to claim 1 has the sea water desalting equipment of " water is to upper reaches " function, it is characterized in that: described water wetted material refers to SiO 2 powder.
10. one according to claim 1 has the sea water desalting equipment of " water is to upper reaches " function, it is characterized in that: described water wetted material refers to calcium sulfate.
CN201410790664.2A 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 Sea water desalting equipment with upward water flowing function Pending CN105585053A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410790664.2A CN105585053A (en) 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 Sea water desalting equipment with upward water flowing function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410790664.2A CN105585053A (en) 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 Sea water desalting equipment with upward water flowing function

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CN105585053A true CN105585053A (en) 2016-05-18

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110345721A (en) * 2019-03-08 2019-10-18 许蕾 A kind of device air-dried for indoor umbrella

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
傅献彩等: "《物理化学》", 31 January 2006 *
崔英德等: "《绿色高吸水树脂》", 31 August 2008, 化学工业出版社 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110345721A (en) * 2019-03-08 2019-10-18 许蕾 A kind of device air-dried for indoor umbrella
CN110345721B (en) * 2019-03-08 2020-12-04 杭州傲贯网络科技有限公司 Device for air drying indoor umbrella

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Application publication date: 20160518