CN105583078B - Liquid level electrostatic precipitator - Google Patents

Liquid level electrostatic precipitator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105583078B
CN105583078B CN201610010480.9A CN201610010480A CN105583078B CN 105583078 B CN105583078 B CN 105583078B CN 201610010480 A CN201610010480 A CN 201610010480A CN 105583078 B CN105583078 B CN 105583078B
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Prior art keywords
dedusting
dust
plate
chamber
liquid
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CN201610010480.9A
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CN105583078A (en
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马海霞
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马海霞
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/02Plant or installations having external electricity supply
    • B03C3/16Plant or installations having external electricity supply wet type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/40Electrode constructions
    • B03C3/45Collecting-electrodes
    • B03C3/53Liquid, or liquid-film, electrodes

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of liquid level electrostatic precipitator, this liquid level electrostatic precipitator includes electrostatic generator, air inlet, dedusting chamber and exhaust outlet;Liquid storage chamber is installed at the top of the dedusting chamber;Dust-collecting cavity is installed in the bottom of the dedusting chamber;Dedusting plate is placed with parallel equidistant of the dedusting intracavitary;Each dedusting plate is connected by arc tile and pieces together snake type passage;The upper end of dedusting plate is through the bottom of liquid storage chamber and stretches into dedusting liquid, and the lower end of dedusting plate is fixed on dust web plate;Connected between dust-collecting cavity and the liquid storage chamber by mozzle;Driver and dust separator have been sequentially connected in series on mozzle;Electric discharge piece is installed at the air inlet, the electric discharge piece is electrically connected with an electrode of electrostatic generator, and another electrode of electrostatic generator is electrically connected in each dedusting plate;The deduster structure is novel, can for a long time, work continuously, effectively improve operating efficiency;Meanwhile, deashing operation is simply efficient.

Description

Liquid level electrostatic precipitator
Technical field
It is a kind of electrostatic precipitator particularly the present invention relates to a kind of deduster.
Background technology
Serious with industrialization polluted, air quality is gradually reduced;Each factory starts to remove the waste gas of discharge Dirt, purified treatment;Industrial traditional deduster has filter cartridge dust remover and electrostatic precipitator at present;Wherein, electrostatic precipitator with The advantages such as its high pressure resistant, high temperature resistant are gradually promoted, and it is polarized dust using electrode, can by electric field adsorption of dust Effectively remove the dust of various sizes size;But as adsorbing powder dust is in the thickness increase of electrode, the dust of electrode catches energy Power will be gradually reduced, and dust removing effects will be significantly reduced, therefore electrostatic precipitator needs periodic maintenance, influence the continuous work of factory Industry;The adsorption electrode of conventional electrostatic deduster is complicated, and the also cleaning work to dust brings larger inconvenience.
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of liquid level electrostatic precipitator, the deduster structure is novel, can for a long time, Work continuously, effectively improve operating efficiency;Meanwhile, deashing operation is simply efficient.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:This liquid level electrostatic precipitator includes electrostatic hair Raw device, air inlet, dedusting chamber and exhaust outlet;
Liquid storage chamber is installed at the top of the dedusting chamber, dedusting liquid is filled with the liquid storage intracavitary;In the dedusting The bottom of chamber is provided with dust-collecting cavity, is separated between the dust-collecting cavity and dedusting chamber by dust web plate;It is parallel in the dedusting intracavitary It is equidistant be placed with dedusting plate, each dedusting plate being fixed in dedusting chamber vertically;Each dedusting plate is connected simultaneously by arc tile Piece together snake type passage;The upper end of dedusting plate is through the bottom of liquid storage chamber and stretches into dedusting liquid, and the lower end of dedusting plate is fixed on On dust web plate;Connected between dust-collecting cavity and the liquid storage chamber by mozzle;Be sequentially connected in series on mozzle driver and Dust separator;Electric discharge piece is installed at the air inlet, the electric discharge piece is electrically connected with an electrode of electrostatic generator, Another electrode of electrostatic generator is electrically connected in each dedusting plate.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The gas for carrying dust enters dedusting chamber from air inlet, and big dust particle directly sinks Drop on dust web plate, little particle dust is discharged piece polarized charged;In dust removal process, dedusting liquid flows out from liquid storage chamber, dedusting Surface uniform flow of the liquid along dedusting plate, and be pooled to through dust web plate in dust-collecting cavity;Connect the dedusting of electrostatic generator Plate discharges dedusting liquid, so that electric charge opposite with electric discharge piece in dedusting liquid band;So as to form electric field between dedusting plate;Powder Dirt along serpentine channel during flowing, in the presence of electric field, is constantly drawn close to the dedusting plate of both sides, dust finally floods In dedusting liquid;The dedusting liquid of carrying dust flows to dust separator after entering dust-collecting cavity along mozzle;Dust separator will Clean dust is delivered in liquid storage chamber after dust isolation discharge;Now dedusting liquid completes circulation.
Compared to traditional deduster, present invention accumulation non-dusting in dust removal process, dedusting plate remains clean, because This dedusting plate being capable of efficient absorption dust for a long time;Dust removing effects are effectively ensured so that factory work is more coherent, efficient; When carrying out great purge to dedusting plate, air inlet only need to be closed, cleaning agent is added to liquid storage chamber, starting driver can complete clearly Wash, it is simple to operate, convenient.
Preferably, being provided with dust monitor in the exhaust ports, the dust monitor electrically connects with driver Connect;When the Dust Capacity for discharging gas is exceeded, signal is passed to driver by dust monitor, and driver increases the stream of dedusting liquid Dynamic speed, and then increase the amount of the dedusting liquid of dust exposure in the unit interval, so as to improve the dust removing effects of deduster.
Preferably, being provided with flow-guide fan in the air inlet;In order to which the gas that will carry dust is scattered, deceleration, promote Enter sedimentation, the absorption of dust.
As further preferred, the electric discharge piece is arranged on the flow-guide fan;In order to make, dust is sufficiently charged, pole Change, and then promote adsorbing powder dust.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overlooking the structure diagram of this liquid level electrostatic precipitator one embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the main structure diagram of embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Embodiment
Embodiment
In the embodiment shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, this liquid level electrostatic precipitator includes electrostatic generator 1, air inlet 3, removed Dirt chamber 2 and exhaust outlet 4;Liquid storage chamber 5 is installed at the top of the dedusting chamber 2, dedusting liquid is filled with the liquid storage chamber 5; Dust-collecting cavity 6 is installed in the bottom of the dedusting chamber 2, separated between the dust-collecting cavity 6 and dedusting chamber 2 by dust web plate 61; In the dedusting chamber 2 it is parallel it is equidistant be placed with dedusting plate 21, each dedusting plate 21 is vertical to be fixed in dedusting chamber 2;Respectively Dedusting plate 21 is connected by arc tile 22 and pieces together snake type passage;The upper end of dedusting plate 21 is through the bottom of liquid storage chamber 5 and stretches Enter in dedusting liquid, the lower end of dedusting plate 21 is fixed on dust web plate 61;Pass through water conservancy diversion between the dust-collecting cavity 6 and liquid storage chamber 5 Pipe 7 is connected;Driver 71 and dust separator 72 have been sequentially connected in series on mozzle 7;Flow-guide fan is installed in the air inlet 3 31;Electric discharge piece is installed at the air inlet 3, the electric discharge piece is arranged on the flow-guide fan 31;The electric discharge piece is electrical An electrode of electrostatic generator 1 is connected, another electrode of electrostatic generator 1 is electrically connected in each dedusting plate 21; Dust monitor 41 is installed at the exhaust outlet 4, the dust monitor 41 is electrically connected with driver 71.
The dust separator 72 only can allow for dedusting liquid and pass through, at the same can by the dust-filtering in dedusting liquid, point From filtering, purification of the realization to dedusting liquid;The dust separator 72 can for filter cloth, screen pack etc. or other Can be by liquid and solid(The impurity such as dust)Filtering, the mechanical structure of separation.
The gas for carrying dust enters dedusting chamber 2 from air inlet 3, and gas enters after air inlet 3, slowed down by flow-guide fan 31, Diffusion, gas flow rate rapid drawdown, big dust particle is directly fallen on dust web plate 61;Electric discharge piece on flow-guide fan 31 is by dust pole Change;Because electric discharge piece is placed on flow-guide fan 31, dust can sufficiently be polarized;In dust removal process, dedusting liquid flows from liquid storage chamber 5 Go out, surface uniform flow of the dedusting liquid along dedusting plate 21, and be pooled to through dust web plate 61 in dust-collecting cavity 6;Connect electrostatic The dedusting plate 21 of generator 1 discharges dedusting liquid, so that electric charge opposite with electric discharge piece in dedusting liquid band;So as in dedusting plate Electric field is formed between 21;Dust along serpentine channel during flowing, in the presence of electric field, constantly to the dedusting plate of both sides 21 are drawn close, and dust is finally submerged in dedusting liquid;The dedusting liquid of carrying dust flows to powder after entering dust-collecting cavity 6 along mozzle 7 Dirt separator 72;The dust that dust is isolated after discharge by cleaning is delivered in liquid storage chamber 5 by dust separator 72;Now dedusting liquid Complete circulation.
After the completion of dedusting, gas is discharged from exhaust outlet 4;When the Dust Capacity for discharging gas is exceeded, dust monitoring Signal is passed to driver 71 by device 41, and driver 71 increases the flowing velocity of dedusting liquid, and then increases contact in the unit interval The amount of the dedusting liquid of dust, so as to improve the dust removing effects of deduster;When the Dust Capacity for discharging gas is less than standard, dust prison Survey device 41 and signal is passed into driver 71, driver 71 reduces the flowing velocity of dedusting liquid, and then it is inscribed to reduce the unit interval The amount of the dedusting liquid of dust is touched, so as to save the energy.
Compared to traditional deduster, present invention accumulation non-dusting in dust removal process, dedusting plate 21 remains clean, Therefore dedusting plate 21 being capable of efficient absorption dust for a long time;Dust removing effects are effectively ensured so that factory work is more coherent, height Effect;When carrying out great purge to dedusting plate 21, air inlet 3 only need to be closed, cleaning agent is added to liquid storage chamber 5, starts driver 71 Cleaning can be completed, it is simple to operate, convenient.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of liquid level electrostatic precipitator, this liquid level electrostatic precipitator includes electrostatic generator(1), air inlet(3), dedusting chamber (2)And exhaust outlet(4);It is characterized in that:In the dedusting chamber(2)Top liquid storage chamber is installed(5), in the liquid storage chamber (5)It is interior to be filled with dedusting liquid;In the dedusting chamber(2)Bottom dust-collecting cavity is installed(6), the dust-collecting cavity(6)With dedusting chamber (2)Between by dust web plate(61)Separate;In the dedusting chamber(2)It is interior parallel equidistant to be placed with dedusting plate(21), it is each described Dedusting plate(21)Vertical is fixed on dedusting chamber(2)In;Each dedusting plate(21)By camber tile(22)Connect and piece together snake type Passage;Dedusting plate(21)Upper end run through liquid storage chamber(5)Bottom and stretch into dedusting liquid, dedusting plate(21)Lower end be fixed on Dust web plate(61)On;The dust-collecting cavity(6)With liquid storage chamber(5)Between pass through mozzle(7)Connection;In mozzle(7)On according to It is secondary to be serially connected with driver(71)And dust separator(72);In the air inlet(3)Place is provided with electric discharge piece, the electric discharge piece electricity Property connection electrostatic generator(1)An electrode, each dedusting plate(21)Electrostatic generator is electrically connected(1)It is another Individual electrode.
2. liquid level electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the exhaust outlet(4)Place is provided with powder Dirt monitor(41), the dust monitor(41)With driver(71)It is electrically connected with.
3. liquid level electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:In the air inlet(3)It is provided with and leads Stream fan(31).
4. liquid level electrostatic precipitator according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The electric discharge piece is arranged on the flow-guide fan (31)On.
CN201610010480.9A 2016-01-08 2016-01-08 Liquid level electrostatic precipitator Active CN105583078B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610010480.9A CN105583078B (en) 2016-01-08 2016-01-08 Liquid level electrostatic precipitator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610010480.9A CN105583078B (en) 2016-01-08 2016-01-08 Liquid level electrostatic precipitator

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CN105583078B true CN105583078B (en) 2017-08-29

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR102336514B1 (en) * 2017-03-06 2021-12-08 삼성전자주식회사 Electrical precipitator and manufacturing method for precipitation unit
CN109926207A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-25 盐城工学院 A kind of ultra-fine grain coalescer of the attached reinforcing of charcoal
CN112090592A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-12-18 杭州易佑农业生产资料有限公司 Waste gas purification device for asphalt production workshop
CN113457407A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-10-01 广西科学院 Waste gas treatment process for graphene material production

Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102784719A (en) * 2012-08-20 2012-11-21 山东大学 Water internally-distributed type flexible dust collecting electrode device
CN103586135A (en) * 2013-10-23 2014-02-19 华北电力大学(保定) Formation mode of dust collection pole plate and ash removal water film of wet-type electric precipitator
CN203648695U (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-06-18 汉王科技股份有限公司 Air purifying device
CN103949343A (en) * 2014-05-08 2014-07-30 汉王科技股份有限公司 Air purification device
CN104923400A (en) * 2015-06-22 2015-09-23 陈伟强 Water purification kitchen ventilator

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20130047858A1 (en) * 2011-08-31 2013-02-28 John R. Bohlen Electrostatic precipitator with collection charge plates divided into electrically isolated banks

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102784719A (en) * 2012-08-20 2012-11-21 山东大学 Water internally-distributed type flexible dust collecting electrode device
CN103586135A (en) * 2013-10-23 2014-02-19 华北电力大学(保定) Formation mode of dust collection pole plate and ash removal water film of wet-type electric precipitator
CN203648695U (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-06-18 汉王科技股份有限公司 Air purifying device
CN103949343A (en) * 2014-05-08 2014-07-30 汉王科技股份有限公司 Air purification device
CN104923400A (en) * 2015-06-22 2015-09-23 陈伟强 Water purification kitchen ventilator

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Inventor after: Ma Haixia

Inventor before: Wang Fuqiang

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Effective date of registration: 20170727

Address after: Hangjinhouqi 015400 Inner Mongolia Bayannaoer City Street East two Street Long Bao Shan town Chaoyang Lane No. 80

Applicant after: Ma Haixia

Address before: 215000 Suzhou City, Xiangcheng District Province, the town of yuan and Qi Lu Road, No. 402, room 1, 47

Applicant before: Wang Fuqiang

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